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JAMES SMITH. JR. FOUNDER MARCH 1. 183 A Published every afternoon, Sundays excepted, by the Newark Daily Advertiser Publishing Company. Entered as second-class matter, February 4, 190S, at the Postoflice. Newark. Member of the Associated Press and American Newspaper Publishers Association. „ , MAIN OFFICE.Branford place and Nutria street. Phone 6..00 Market. ORANGE OFFICE... 179 Main street, Orange Phone. 4300 Orange HARRISON OFFICE.324 Harrison avenue, Harrison. Phone 21t>,-M Harrison. •SUMMIT OFFICE. ..10 Beechwood road. Phone 1049-W Summit. IRVINGTON OFFICE .1027 Springfield avenue. Phone Wav. i02. CHICAGO OFFICE.. .Mullers' Building. , . , , , . NEW YORK OFFICE.Northwest corner Twenty-eighth street and rum A\e. ATLANTIC CITY_The Dorland Advertising Agency . BOSTON OFFICE_201 Devonshire street. Mail Subscription Itutes I Postage PrepHld Within the Postal Union It One year, $3.00: six months, $1.50; three months, 75 cents; one month, COll t ^ Delivered by carriers in any part of Newark, the Orangee, Harriaon, Kearny, Montclair, Bloomfield and alt neighboring towns. Subscriptions ma. be sent to the main or branch offices. VOLUME LXXXIIL—MO. 04. THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 5, 1914. j STATE CONTROL OF THE FISHERIES. THE FISHING grounds and waters on the New Jersey coast ate the property of the State and the fish that come to these shores are a great asset of the State, never realized upon except in former years, when the fisheries were free to all citizens and supported thousands of the population. The State has never made any grant or lease of its property in the fisheries, but it has per mitted a foreign trust combination to come in and get exclusive control to exploit the State’s property, absorbing all the revenue the State might get and shutting out the New Jersey public from a supply except through its taxing depots, and, moreover, systemati cally destroying vast stores of food fish to keep them from the people. The obvious and imperative duty of the State is to resume possession of its property and administer it for the people. That can be readily done for a double benefit to the people, to give the State government a large annual income so that the people may not be compelled to bear a State tax in addition to their local taxes, and to reduce the market price of fish to normal figures so that the cost of living may be reduced. A State government has no more imperative duty than that of keeping down the cost of living for the population, and it is more than a betrayal of that duty when the State permits its own property and assets to be appropriated by organized private greed and used to oppress and impoverish the people. Whatever Congress may do for the conservation of migratory fish the Legislature of this State has a supreme duty to perform for the people it represents. That is to take charge at once of the ocean front fisheries and administer them in justice to the local fishermen, the public and the State. When it is said that an an nual income of upwards of half a million can be derived to pay the State’s expenses, while at the same time the fishermen on the coast may dispose of their fish to better advantage and retail prices will be largely reduced, who shall object? Who oppose? GOVERNOR FIELDER IN NEWARK. THE RECEPTION given to Governor Fielder last night by the representative citizens of Newark, without distinction of party, was an exceptional tribute by the chief city of the State and showed that spirit of loyalty to State government, by whatever political party administered, which is one of the proudest characteristics of New Jersey. And in no part of the State does its Governor find a warmer welcome and greater respect than in our own cos mopolitan city. The practical program of economy and efficiency which Gov ernor Fielder has at heart for the Legislature to adopt has given great gratification to Newark citizens generally, and their senti ment is necessarily shared by the city’s representatives at Trenton. At the reception last night were many citizens who had known Air. Fielder only by reputation, and they were present to make personal acquaintance with their Governor and assure him of their support in his administration. TO HALT NEWARK ENTERPRISE. THE BILL introduced in the Senate yesterday by Mr. Hen ncssy, of Bergen county, for the creation of a State harbor com mission gives to five commissioners from different parts of the State the power to stop all plans for harbor development by a municipality that do not meet the approval of the commission. Newark is the only city in the State that has begun the develop ment of its water front on definite plans. In all the other cities development is still in a nebulous state. There are vital reasons why Newark enterprise should not be halted or interfered with, to cause serious delay. And if a new State board with everything to learn and liable to influences un friendly to municipal water-front development should be given the authority over Newark’s plans who shall say whether they •will ever be carried out? A REFLECTION ON A DEAD STATESMAN. IT IS a gross reflection upon John Hay, secretary of state, who died in 1905, and who negotiated the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, to say that in that instrument he deliberately gave to Great Britain the right, to be confirmed by the United States Senate, to forbid us to use an isthmian canal for the free passage of our domestic commerce and even of our warships, or to have any more rights in the canal beyond paying the cost of construction, maintenance and defense, than Great Britain, even though the canal was on American terri tory. It would be almost ‘an indictment for treason against the Senate majority that confirmed the treaty to say that with this understanding of the meaning of the treaty it was confirmed. And is it not remarkable that until inventive and resourceful railroad lawyers recently gave such an interpretation of the Hay-Paunce fote treaty nobody in the United States had any suspicion of its alleged meaning? RETURN OF THE BASEBALL TOURISTS. THE LANDING tomorrow of the members of the two repre sentative American baseball teams that will have completed a tour cf the world will be an event in the baseball world. These men have most creditably represented the great American game as well as American manhood in the principal cities of Asia and Europe, and l^ft in all of them the most favorable impression of stalwart mericanism. They have prepared the way for popularizing the American national game in other countries, and it may be affirmed with confidence that they have done more for the brotherhood of man and the amity of nations than William J. Bryan and Andrew Carnegie and all the world peace faddists combined can ever succeed in doing. WILL HELP THE MUNICIPALITIES. REPEAL OF the Hillery maximum tax rate law of 1906 by the Legislature was practically assured yesterday by the passage by the House of the Senate repeal bill, as the Governor strongly ecommendcd the repeal of this law. The result will be an increase in the tax income of municipalities in Essex county. As railroad property is assessed at a rate fixed by the average rate of all the municipalities, the rates in the many small rural tax districts make the average rate in the State smaller than in the large cities with their costly improvements, with a resultant great advantage to the railroads in their tax assessments. __ ■ .. I OpTnI ONsTjN D VIE WS FROM THE EXCHANGES __ _ , <Jenoa, the Superb. From the Catholic World. Genoa is nothing if not a city of palaces- Whole streets of them, all splendid, some more strikingly elegant than their fellows, are waiting for the visitor to pass and admire; or they invite him to enter and leisurely ex amine the halls where medieval no bility dreamed of greatness and war and the wealth of the picturesque caravels of the blue seas. Near the Piazza delle Pont an e Morose is the Palace Della Kasa. a fifteenth century structure, originally the Palazo Spl nola. where dwelt the oldest Genoese family. Prom the plaza extend the Via Garibaldi and the Via Baldi; and on these all the splendor of the palace city may lie seen in superb fullness. The first street, despite its modern name, is of the sixteenth century and the older of the two; practically all of the palaces here were designed by Galeazzo Alessi. The Via Baldi dates from the seventeenth century and. | with its fine palaces, is a monument to Bartolommeo Bianco. I oday as you stand near Genoa's long piers you may see a great ship from that Western land of Columbus slowly steam In from the open sea. There will be a cheer from home come Genoese; there will be the scur rying of many little boats about the lordly steamer, with the flowers and the fruits of Italy’s soil; there will be the gay lilting of mandolins and the songs of sweet.-voiced maidens; and the sun will be shining, and the water dancing, and the sky blue, so blue, with never a cloud large as a baby's hand upon its lovely face. And if a friend walks down the spa cious pier, you will greet him right gladly, and take him away to the cool of some palace Inn high up among the shadows of the olive and the pom egranate, and bid hint speak of ships and seas and the loving days at home. But if no one comes you will stand near the seas and look upon the friendly smiling of strange faces from the wcstland, and be happy in their joy and glad in the benediction that will fall upon them from the bounty of the fair Italian skies. Why f?«THpyi»ien Drink. From the Philadelphia Time1;. The conversation at a recent social function in Trenton turned to the ex treme precautionary methods of some people, and Governor Fielder told of the rule laid down by a certain fellow native along that line. One day while in Philadelphia, the Governor said, the fellow Jerseyman happened to collide with a bunch <t hygienics, and among other things they referred to the water supply of his home city. “It isn’t as good as it might be,” said the Jerseyman when questioned as to its quality. “There is something like 10.000,000 microbes to a drop, but it is the best we can do at the pres ent.” “What do you do to safeguard your self against water of that kind7” queried one of the hygienics, wltn a look of concern. “You surelv take some precautionary measures.” “Oh. yes.” smiled the Jerseyman. "B’irst. we dope the water and then we lioil it, and then we drink apple jack. ” . tVaNliiiiftun'ii Next Move. From the Washington Post. Again it is Washington's next move. Carranza has put the burning ques tion squarely up to the. United States. The rebel chief's flat denial of the right of this government to get at the facts regarding the manner of Benton’s death precipitates with brutal directness a situation involv ing a showing of hands in a matter of policy concerning which Washing ton has all along refused to be pinned down—our responsibilities under the Monroe doctrine. Even the foreigners at Mexico City are up in arms over the reports that the United Slates government is to direct the Benton investigation. BJvi dently, the confidence of foreigners in the declared purpose of the United States to give thorn protection every where in Mexico has been pretty thoroughly shaken by recent happen ings. If the ground is not to slip wholly from under our feet, leaving our diplomacy suspended in the air. tlie move that it is up to us to make must be immediate and one that will leave no scintilla of doubt as to where we stand between the forces of tran quility and the forces of disruption. Hirrift Are Mere Groundling*.. From the London Chronicle. It is even more difficult to estimate height than distance, and when one reads how once again the height rec ord has been broken by some daring aviator, one is puzzled how to realize what the figures of his record really mean. Well, at any rate, we have tho birds as a standard of compari son. Compared with Mr. Raynham's recent 15,nfH) feet, the common birds of England are mere groundlings, for generally they fly at no greater height than 300 feet. When migrating, how ever. they mount higher, though even then the wild goose (the loftiest of them) seldom reaches 2,000 feet. The highest flier In the world is the great condor, who sometimes rises five miles. Ssn'iiiR lee Ity Electricity. From the Electrical World. A marked advance o'er the custom- ' ary methods of harvesting ice has taken place at Worcester, Mass . ! where ice is now cut by electric power. The usual plan has been to form I he blocks on the surface of tho pond and to push them to the ice house runway along a channel, which is sometimes of such extreme length that the blocks freeze together be fore reaching the hoisting chain. Th cutting by this method is extremely tedious and the labor cost correspond ingly high. A l Worcester the sawing of the standard cakes is accomplished by a motor-driven plant, situated within a few rods of tho Icehouse. By this means the services of twenty two-horse teams and forty men are eliminated. j NEW NEWS OF YESTERDAY II How Ben Butler Charmed His Political Adversaries I "There probably never lived in Massachusetts a man who hau greater power of exerting personal fasetna Llon and completely overcoming prej udice than General Hen Butler pos sessed," said the late Charles Levi Woodbury, of Boston, to me shortly after tlio publication of General But ler's reminiscences. Mr. Woodbury, in his younger days, saw much of General Butler, for until the outbreak of the civil War the latter was prominent in Democratic politics in Massachusetts and Mr. Woodbury’s father, Levi Woodbury, who had been United States senator from New Hampshire and secretary if the treasury In the administration rif President Van Buren, was also of very great influence in Democratic circles In New England. General But ler, as a Democrat representing Mas sachusetts at the national Democratic convention, which was held at Charleston, S. C., in the spring of IMP), supported the nomination of Jefferson Davis for President by that convention. “Butler was afraid of nobody," Mr. Woodbury continued, "and he was es pecially rejoiced if he at any time was able to tread upon the toes, so to speak, or what he regarded as the excessively blue-blooded Intellectual aristocracy of Massachusetts. "1 remember very well with what perfect charm Butler, when governor, captured many of those who were present at the commencement exer cises of Harvard in June of that year. Senator George F. Hoar, whose duty it was to preside at that gathering, declined to do so, not hesitating to express in his speech the severe criti cism of the action of the overseers of Harvard in inviting Governor Butler to become the guest of the college, as had been done with Massachusetts governors ever since the colony be came a State. "Joseph H. Choate, however, agreed to preside, and he made a wonderfully tactful and graceful speech when al hiding to the presence there of the governor of Massachusetts. I hap pened to know that Butler expected to he treated with scant civility and in tended to speak with all his power of sarcasm, but he was so touched by Choate’s graceful reference to him Hint ho felt compelled to respond in terms and in a manner which revealed to all who were present what his great gift of personal charm really was. “A night or two later Governor Pul ler was Invited as a guest to a dinner which was given by a banker friend of mine in Boston. The banker called upon the governor to lie present at the State House, and showed him a list of guests who were to be present. It included some of the leading profes sional men of Boston, a number of the foremost bankers and two or three men who had gained high liter ary reputations. Governor Butler was told that with a single exception —that of Jonas French, who was chairman of tile Democratic State Committee, every one of the guests had voted against him in the guberna torial campaign, and lie was asked if he cared to draw his pencil across any of the names. " ‘Not one,’ he replied, 'l should be very glad to meet these gentlemen. I shall deem it a compliment to sit with them at the same table.’ "Well, do you know,” continued Mr Woodbury, "that, although some of these guests felt like withdrawing their acceptances after they heard that Governor Butler had been invit ed, yet so perfectly did he charm these men, so highly did he entertain them, such were the refinement and gentleness of his speech and manner, that they ull confessed they had dis covered a new Ben Butler, and some of them actually declared that if he were again to be eundidatu for gov ernor they would feel disposed to vote for him. "Thus was revealed the other side of Ben Butler—a side of which the great public had no knowledge.” (Copyright. 1914, by E. J. Edwards. All rights reserved.) Lombroso’s Theory Shattered ——-I Delayed but expected shattering of the Lombroso theory that there exists a "criminal class" of the human race has come. Statistical information, the gathering of which began twelve years ago by Dr. Goring, a British medical expert, who has made crim inology a special study, furnishes the hammer of demolition, says the Cin cinnati Enquirer. Crime, contends this investigator, does not reveal it self in a man's outward visage. Meas urements. made after Lombroso’s pre scription. disclose that the English prison inmate and lawbreaker pos sesses only one distinct, general mark of differentiation—he is deficient in height, weight, stature and mental capacity, us compared to the rest of the community. In skull measure ments the criminal does not differ perceptibly from the Oxford or Cam bridge undergraduate student, the mean head Indexes being almost iden tical. Low foreheads do not connote criminality, nor, conversely, are high foreheads tokens of intelligence with in. Curiously enough, criminals who use force, such as thieves and bur glars, are exceptionally puny, while those who use cunning and deception, such as forgers and swindlers, are as tall aud as heavy us the average man. Dr. Goring submits the ex planation that the lust named class is usually drawn from a better nour ished nnd better housed portion of the population. In reasoning upon his statistical facts, ihe British ex America has furnished to the world the character of Washing ton, and, if our American institutions had done nothing else, that alone would have entitled them to the respect of mankind. -Daniel Webster. pert cites the valuable and even pre ponderlng fact that height and weight are endowments which readily enable a man to obtain employment. Being deficient in them his chances for honest work are reduced. Pur suing this acceptable conclusion. Dr. Goring shows that heredity in crime, so-called, follows the natural law of production, low stature being trans mitted to children by their parents. The same tables of laboriously com plied statistics indicate that the health of the criminal appears to have no effect upon his disposition toward crime As for drink, accred ited universally as the greatest agent of criminality. Dr. Goring finds that the labeling is unwarranted, except in the cases of violent offenses against the person. His final conclusion is, when viewed with the fine spun stuff of crimi nologists of the hysterical school and or.ly partly developed psychologists, absolutely startling upon first read ing. "The thing which we call crimi nality and which leads to the per petration of many, if not most, anti social offenses today, is not inherent wickedness, but natural stupidity.” in other words, the lawbreaker is a fool. When the rewards of crimi nal habit or life are considered the soundness of this conclusion will grow in strength. The work of Dr. Goring will be welcomed by all stu dents of these matters as the first attempt to arrive at results in crim inology by the statistical treatment of facts which, in a crude form, are without scientific value. Still Waters Kitty never had no use for men. Seemed to us she’d rather read an’ sew; None of us could ever point to when She had ever entertained a beau. Every time a feller came to call, Kitty never had a word to say. Never even showed him to the hall When at 10 o’clock he went away. Jim, we used to think, was jes’ as queer, Women used to scare him to a chill; When the girls come visitin’ us here He jes spent the evenin’ sittin’ still. “Women ain’t fer me,” he used to say, “1 can’t get accustomed to their ways; Then he’d grab his hat an’ run away. Jes’ as though his mind was in a daze. Jim an’ Kitty scarcely ever spoke. Least we never saw ’em, if they did; Never heard ’em ever pass a joke. Much beneath still waters, though, is hid. Both of ’em lived on the farm for years, Never once we saw’ em arm in arm; But you shouldn’t judge from what appears. Leastwise if you’re livin’ on a farm. Kitty disappeared one mornin’ bright. All that day we looked in vain for Jim; But they both came back again at night. Kitty, smiling, hand in hand with him. Seemed they both had tired of single life. So she said, while brushing back the tears, Parson Brown had made ’em man an’ wife, An’ they’d been engaged for twenty years. -^Edgar A. Guest, in Detroit Free Press. _^__j Noted Women Whose Birthday Is Yours MARCH 5 Lucy Larcom, Charlotte Richardson Copyrighted, 1918. RY MARY MARSHALL^ Today must bo an auspicious one for women with poetic ambitions if one is to judge from the record left by lamy Laircom and Charlotte Rich ardson. both of whom were horn on March 5. t ii.irloUc Caroline Richardson was ’ i rn hi Hnglnnd of the poorest of parents in 1775 and received what scanty education she had in a char ity school where girls wen- lifted to do domestic service. At fifteen she was deemed sufficiently trained to be cast on her own resources and she went out to work, remaining in the domestic service for twelve years. Then she married a shoemaker named Richardson who had long been de voted to her and had all gone well she would probably never have gain ed fame. But no sooner was she married than the sad truth became apparent that the shoemaker had con sumption. He died two years after their marriage leaving poor Charlotte with a babe in arms who, to make matters worse, soon became blind. Meagre as had been Charlotte's ed ucation she opened a school for girls, and this would have been a good moans of support if it. had not been lor her 111 health. In the meantime she had written some verses which came to tho attention of her neigh nors, who liad l ho good judgmont to see real merit in them. They encour aged her and managed to get subscrip tions for the publication of the first edition of these collected poems. Thus encouraged poor Charlotte turned to writing for her living, and both in her poetry and her prose works proved to have really remarkable talent. Her hooks enjoyed considerable popu larity at the time, but she is re membered today chiefly for the ex ample she- presents of achievement under difficulty. Lucy Larcom, the American poet, who was horn eighty-eight years ago today, worked against quite as se vere odds us did poor Charlotte. At ten years of age she was working as a cotton operative in the mills of Ixiwcll, Massachusetts, going home at night to work in the miserable fac tory hoarding house run by her wid owed mother. Somehow she mnn nged to write contributions for a Lowell newspaper, and these attract ed the attention of the poet Whittier, who encouraged her to greater achievements. At the age of twenty she managed to go to school to make up for lost time, and later became one of the most prominent juvenile writers and editors of the country. NOTES OF SCIENCE New Unger rings hnve a hinge fas tening, insuring a elose fit, not h.1 c■ ■ m iinssibie ivhrii a ring luxs to be slipped over knuckles. he ■ r. t . nn since 1X85, Spain in January had a fall of snpw suf He entiy heavy to whiten the land scape throughout the country. A buttermilk fountain on the line of a bottled water affair that a New York man has invented is equipped with an agitator for stirring the con tents and a non-clogging faucet. A detachable, spring-controlled handle lias been invented to facilitate carrying howling balls and also to assist in bowling with them. An artificial horn, having its elas ticity, strength and Insulating quali ties, is being made in Germany from hides, chemically treated. So good an insulator is dry snow ' that the bare wire of the telephone line to an Italian observatory on Mount Rosa often is buried In it with out interfering with the service. Russia expects to produce 24.000,000 long tons of bituminous and 6,300,000 long tons of anthricito this year. White Pine Growing Is Profitable The growing of white pine, says the department of agriculture in a bulle tin recently Issued on the subject. Is a profitable undertaking at 6 per cent, compound Interest. To bring in these returns the trees may be cut when not more than from thirty-five to seventy years old. The original white pine forests are approaching exhaustion, according to the department, and with the growing scarcity of large-sized, high-grade white pine lumber, lower grades now find a ready market. Besides this, the tree grown rapidly, has a heavy yield, and is easy to manage. Second-growth white pine, fifty years old, on good soil, may yield as much as 411.000 feet of lumber per acre. On medium soil, stands of the same age 36,000 board feet, and even on poor soil, 24,000 feet. White pine box board lumber, one of the chief products of such stands, sells for from *12 to $18 a thousand board feet. Material for making matches, another product, sells for from $17 to $18 a thousand. Even larger material, suit able for sashes and blinds, some of which may be cut from a fifty-year old stand, brings from $30 to *35 a thousand feet. Second-growth white pine, the kind that Is found on thou sands of abandoned fields and pas tures in New England, and that which has sprung up after lumbering in many places where the original white pine forests stood has a value today, says the department, that makes it well worth the attention of the owner. Too often, caution the forest ofn Evening Stars Daily Puzzle Gxx! How u- ) I £V£K x-J 1qlikb( / ^^9 / NVhut given name? AiibHer to Yesterday’* Pussle: Station. cers, the farmer or other land-owner sells second-growth white pine stump age for less than it is worth because he does not know how much lumber the stand is actually capable of yield ing, or else is ignorant of the price the lumber and other products will bring. Too often, also, the foresters say, the owner of second-growth fails to realize that perhaps by holding his pine trees for a few years longer or by thinning it properly at the right time he can obtain a great deal more and better timber, and, consequently, a much larger relative return in money, than if he allows it to be cut clear when the first opportunity offers. The best second-growth white pine, forty-five'years old, will yield about 42,000 board feet per acre, but the same stand fifty-five years old will yield 65,000 feet, an increase of 13,000 feet per acre in 10 years. And this is not all, for along with the increase in quantity comes an increase in quality. Not only more but better timber is to be had. Counting in this factor of quality, the lumber from an acre of best white pine fifty - live years old is worth about $1,000, against a value of $"50 when the stand is forty-five years old. Life Insurance in Force December 31, 1913, Two Billion, Four Hundred Million Dollars. These are inspiring and stimu lating figures and tell a story of wonderful progress in con structive work by The Prudential FORREST F. DRYDEN, PlWftiSaat I UPLIFT TALKS t BT ORISON SWETT MARDBN Author of "Pushing to the Front, Bto. Copyright, 1913. WHAT WE GET OUT OF BOOKS How many of us know people, who, a week after reading a book, could recall scarcely an item of its con tents. They read with listless minds, like sponges, which let the clear water through and retain all the dirt. A great many people scarcely exer cise their minds at all in reading. They let the words Alter through the brain, leaving almost nothing behind. They might be called "impression” readers. The impression, the exhil aration, the excitement, is all they want. They do not try to remember or to do any vigorous thinking while they are reading. They read just for the pleasure it gives them. It is men tal dissipation. Such lazy readers not only get no permanent benefit from their reading, but they also demoralize their minds by constant passivity, so that they become almost totally unfit for any strong mental action. Instead of strengthening their minds, they weaken them. Passive reading is more harmful in its effects than desultory reading. It wall not strengthen the brain any more than sitting in a gymnasium will develop the body. The mind re mains inactive, in a sort of indolent revery, wandering here and there, without focusing anywhere. -Such reading takes the spring and snap out of the mental faculties, weakens the intellect, and makes the brain torpid and incapable of grappling with great princin’es and difficult problems. The superficial reading or even things will injure the mind's effi ciency for doing good work. The habit of skimming over newspapers, glancing through books, catching a heading here and a sentence there, destroys the focusing power of the mind. No good reading can be ac complished without concentrated thought. The mind, in a receptive and responsible mood, must be fo cused with power, and every con flicting influence must be cut off. rt must be ready to grasp a principle, to hold a new thought, to reflect, to analyze, to compare. When you read, read as Macaulay did, as Carlyle did, us Lincoln did— as did every great man who lias profited by his reading—with your whole soul absorbed in what you read, with such intense concentration that you will be oblivious of every thing else outside of your book. In order to get the most out o* nt» reading, the reader must be a thinker. The mere acquisition of facts is not the acquisition of power. To fill the mind with knowledge that cannot be made available is like filling out houses with furniture and bric-a-bras until we have no room to move abour Many people have an idea that i_ they keep reading everlastingly, jf > they have a book in their hands dur ing every leisure moment, they will, of necessity, become full-rounded and well-educated. This is a mistake. They might just as well expect to be come athletes by eating at every op portunity. It is even more necessary to think than to read. Thinking, con templating what we have read, is what digestion and assimilation are to the food. I know a young man who has form ed such a habit of reading that he is hardly ever without a book, a maga zine, or a paper. He is always read ing, at home, on the cars, at the rail way stations, and he has acquired a vast amount of knowledge. He has a perfect passion for knowledge, and yet his mind seems to have been weakened by this perpetual brain stuffing. To read constantly for the sake of ( something to think of is to stultify one's self. Bacon said, “ Reading maketh a full man.” But there are different sorts of fullness, and that or the idle glutton is not to be com- - mended. Bet the dissipated reader ponder the wise words of Milton: Who reads Incessantly, and to his reading Dringa not A spirit and judgment equal or su perior, Uncertain and -unsettled still re mains— Deep versed in hooks, and shallow in himself. What you get out. of a book is not necessarily what the author puts into it, but what you bring to It. If the heart, does not lead the head, if the thirst for knowledge, the hunger for a broader and deeper culture, are not the motives for reading, you will not get the most out of n hook. But if your thirsty soul drinks in (ho writ er’s thought as the parched soil ab sorbs rain, then your latent possi bilities and the potency ot your be ing, like delayed germs and seeds In the soil, will spring forth into new I life. RED TAPE IN ALASKA j Suppose that you own a cannery in southeast Alaska, and have built an expensive wharf. One day you walk out on it and find that the timbers which support it are rotting in the water and the wharf has a list to starboard. Unless you prop it up quickly one of those winds thnt rush down from the mountaintops in win ter at the rate of 76 miles an hour may topple it over, writes Allen Forbes, in I.eplic’s. Do you send men out into the woods and cut timbers to support it? You do not—not if you are wise. Every tree within reach is probably included in a forest reserve and Is as precious in the eyes of Washington as if it were some rare species yielding costly ointment of spikenard. You lirst make formal application i to a subofflcial of the Forest Service, who is probably somewhere down the coast, if he is not off on a hunt for moose or mountain sheep. If the for est man’s digestion happens to be good, there is a possibility that the application may not only be acted upon favorably, but the desired per mission may even arrive before the wharf collapses. Rut suppose there is an unbroken silence and you become eo desperate that you go ahead and cut down the necessary trees? Answer: "Fine or Imprisonment, or both," unless you can square yourself in some way with the majesty of the Forest Service. (If any man thinks that this is exagger ation, let him inquire along the south eastern coast, particularly of the men who own wharves.) | ODDITIES IN TODAY’S NEWS j Civil War Hero Prepares for Funeral l>oy, Although In Coot] Health. PHILADELPHIA, March 5.—Gen eral John P. Taylor, a Civil War vet eran and member of the Gettysburg Battlefield Commission, although ap parently in good health, is making advanced preparations for his funeral. He has placed an order for a solid bronze coffin to bo cast from old cannon, and a vault has been sunken in the private Taylor burying grounds on his estate near ReedsviUe, Pa. The general plans to have this cov ered by a big granite block, to be surmounted by a bronze statue of himself. The firm which secured the contract for the coffin has been In structed to ship It to a Lewistown undertaker to be held until needed for the execution of tho contract he holds for the burial of the veteran. General Taylor, despite his etghty stx years, is still robust and enjoys a horseback ride almost dally. Senate Floor Generate* Electricity and Shock* Startled Senator*. WASHINGTON, March 5.—Almost any day spectators in the Senate gal leries behold senators give a little start as a page rushes up to them with a card of some caller. The shock Is not of fear, but of electricity. The new carpet on the Senate floor generates a high voltage of electricity as the pages scamper along on their missions. Kfationinaster Showered With Emigrant Kisers When 938,000 Is Recovered. NEW YORK. March B.-Ex pressions of gratitude in the form of kisses were showered upon William H. Egan, station-master of the Penn sylvania railroad station here last night by the 27 men and women members of an emigrant band be cause he had been instrumental in restoring to them a flour sack which contained $38,000 in gold and bills. The. party, en route from Montana to Poland, dined in the station and then started for the pier to board the steamship Olympic. In her haste, the wife of the leader of the hand, to whom her fellow travelers had entrusted their money, left the bag in a waiting room, where it was found by an attendant and turned over to Egan. Its contents had hard ly been counted when the emigrants rushed back in great excitement clamoring for their money. When they learned that every dol lar of the 138,000 was intact they made a rush for Egan. He did not take kindly to kissing at first, it is said, but yielded as a matter of courtesy. Return* Stolen Contribution of $5 After Withholding it Forty Year*. WASHINGTON, Pa., March 6.— Tho Rev. Charles W. Miller, a re tired Methodist Episcopal clergyman of Washington, has received an anonymous letter from Ligonler, in which the writer stated that forty years ago while Mr. Miller wa> preaching In Ligonler a member of the congregation handed the writer $5 to be applied to the pastor's salary Instead of giving the money to the pastor the recipient, an officer of the congregation, put the $5 in his pocket. The theft had preyed on his mine and he decided to make restitution. The interest amounted to $12, the man enclosing $17 in his letter. Cut* Wages 10 Per Cent, and Then Di vides $80,000 with Flmploye*. YONKERS, March 5.—Although the Alexander Smith & Sons Carpet Com pany cut the wages of its 7,000 em ployes 10 per cent, on February 7 it paid semi-annual bonuses to old em ployes. The company has just divided ap proximately $80,000 among 3,500 em ployes, including men and women. The distribution came as a surpriso, for the cut in wages had been taken to presage an omission of the bonus award.