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FARMERS ADVISED NOT TO SELL EGGS FROM INCUBATORS A number of poultry raisers, It seems, are putting on the market in fertile eggs tliut have been tested in incubators from three days to a week. As soon as the breeder finds that the eggs will not hatch he takes them , out and sends them to market along with his fresh spring eggs. After th« eggs have been in the incubator for this period they are distinctly stale, and rot very quickly if kept any length of time. Even when just j taken from the Incubator these infer tile eggs are not tit for boiling or poaching^ although they may be used for frying, and are good for cake or i certain other baked foijds. These eggs, when they reach the market, however, are classified as low grade No. 2. Thu mixing of incubator eggs w'th the fresh spring eggs leads the egg packers, who get their principal cold storage supply in the spring, to cut the price they pay the farmer, de partment of agriculture investigators find. The spring eggs designed for keeping for winter consumption must be absolutely good. Moreover, the egg packers in the spring do not can __r die eggs, but hold them three at a time and clink them together to dis cover any crack and then Judge their freshness by their fresh powdery look on the shell. The mixture of Infertile incubator eggs with fresh eggs Interferes seri ously with this clinking and forces the packer to candle the eggs. He then deducts this added expense from th< price, he offers to the producer. Eggs »hlch have once been subject ed to the heat of the incubator can not be stored, even though frozen. The farmer who sel's inrnbntor eggs to the dealer, therefore, is very liable to Injure his own market for fresh eggs. When dealers And a per centage of low-grade Incubator or other eggs In their fresh spring egg supply they lower the price for all eggs, so that they will be certain that they have covered themselves against losses from this cause. The depart ment’s specialists advise farmers to use any Infertile eggs they may take from their Incubators for home con sumption and to send only fresh eggs to market. HOW TO GROW EGGPLANTS Th® eggplant likes rich, moist soli, not wet. As the plants are of a ten ' der, semi-tropical nature, the seed mu«t be started in a warm place and the young plants sheltered until time to set them in the open ground, about May 15 or 20. For the few plants necessary for ' . pi small family garden the seed may be started in the house In a shallow box of friable soil, kept in a sunny window in the living-room. They rc , quire a temperature of 70 degrees for germination. The soil must be kept moist, not wet, by sprinklings of water warmed to the temperature of Summer rain. It is best to sprinkle the soil and the young plants a little before noon—shading them until the moisture dries from the foliage. If sprinkled at night a fall of tempera ture may prove harmful. When about two 'Inches high the young plants shou'd be transplanted to another box or to little pots set in a box of earth, spacing them about four Inches. The garden location should be well manured with old, well-rotted ma nure, putting a half hushe! in each hill; or if less manure is used, two generous handfuls of fertilizer mixed >, with the soil In each hill will be needed. Any mixture adapted to cu I cumbers. asparagus, melons or squashes Is beneficial to the egg plant. The hills should he throe feet apart for garden culture and the plants set well d^wn in the hill, the soil being firmed around the roots and left loose and friable on the sur face. After the plants have begun grow ing it is not Wise to hoe deeply into the hill*. Merely draw the soil up around the base of the plant. As soon as warm summer weather Is established the plants are likely to become infested with the striped po tato beetle. It is hut the work of a few minutes, each day, to look over the plants and kill all that can be seen, examining the soli at the base of the stem for any that have with drawn there. On the under side of the leaves will be found clusters of yellow eggs. These should be scraped off and crushed. Kven though one is watchful, however, some of the pests will be hatched. As tiny slugs they begin entlng at once, and a half day’s work by a single hatching of these creatures will destroy the ten derest parts of the plant. A mixture.of land plaster and Paris green—one ounce of Paris green to six pounds of plaster—sifted over the plants will kill them. / ASK “THE QUESTION BOX” What You Want to Know About Gardening. Poultry and Cour.« ♦ try Problems Answered by Experts. This service costs you nothing. The only requisite for a full and com- j plete answer Is to state your problem clearly, to write only on one side of the paper, and to sign your name and give us your address. Initials only will be use In answering queries. If your question relates to discused plants, describe fully and also send us a piece of the plant (stem and leaves) If possible. Address “Home and (jar den Question Box/* The Evening Star. Newark, N. *1. __ I SnnJIle* iu ilar«‘H. ' What shall I do for Belgian hares which' nave snuffles? N. H. H. Newark. Get them Into the open air. In order to thrive. Belgian hares should live out of doors summer and winter. A ' dry goods box, covered with roofing paper, so It will not leak, will serve as a hutch. A small box inside, partly lilted with hay, will give fur ther protection during cold weather. If you want to try medicine, give these powders three times a day: J'owderid licorice, 30 grains; pow \ Uered nitre, 24 grains; powdered | | ginger, 12 grains: ipecaeuana, 1 Vts I ( grains. Mix thoroughly and divide I j into twelve powders., S**x In Guinea Fowls. Please tell me how to distinguish the sexes of guinea fowl. Bloomfield. M- F- A To the novice, both the male and female guinea look exactly alike. The expert breeder, however, soon learns that the malg has a coarser head than the female, and also has a larger comb and larger wattles. The cries of the two sexes are very different, that of the male being simply a Shriek, while the female has a call that somewhat resembles “Buck wheat.” It will be noticed, too, that the male, when greatly excited, walks about on his toes. Plantfl for Hhuded Window's*. ' I have windows on the shaded side of the street in which 1 wish to place winuow-boxes. What can I grow in these boxes during the summer? Newark. P. H. R. Ferns, fuchsias, tuberous-rooted begonias will succeed very well In deed on the shady side. Small plants In bloom of the fuchsias can be \ bought when you are ready to plant, j Of course, ferns can be bought at \ony ' ie. But the bulbs of tuber I cuy ed begonias should be bought j | 1/ They cost from fifteen to ] if /-five cents apiece. y l lowfrH for Irn. f t have a are» urn in the centre of, ' -■ — ‘ 4 ! For Your Lawn * or Golf Course We have just sold one of the most important Golf Clubs in \ Long Island 250 bushels of Put- j ting Green and Fair Green Mix- j ture. made up from our own for mula. It is only one of the many indi- I cations that the fame of our Grass Seed is reaching far and wide. We give expert advice on seed * ing and up-keep of lawns and golf courses. We answer queries by tele phone We send catalog for the ask- j ng. Superior Mixture Makes Velvety Lawns i .... Thrives in shade as well as sun. ; 25c Quart 8 Quarts, $1.60 Bushel, $S.SO Quantities delivered free any-' * * where in the United States. Summer Flowering Bulbs, j I Dahlias, Gladiolas, Tuberoses. ' J.7 WILSON SEED CO. 79 Orange St. Newark, N. J. ^ i 1 ■ ... . my garden. Would you he kind enough to suggest suitable plants for same. I tried nasturtiums last year, but the sun burnt them up. A. K. Belleville. For an urn, as for n window-box, since there is more or less cramping of the roots, it will be necessary to make the soil richer than would be required were the plants to grow in the garden The most desirable so 1 Is one that does not pack like ciay, nor contract much when dry. If the urn has full exposure to the sun. us your inquiry Indicates it will be necessary to choose the more vig orous kinds of plants. Suitable plants (hat droop and may be put around the edge of the urn are single petu nias, sweet alyssum, lobelias and ver benas. Suitable erect growing plants for the centre of the urn are gerani ums, heliotropes and phlox. , Care of Hardy Tltlox. 1 have some hardy phlox In my gar den, but it has not done well the last two seasons. Please advise me how It should he cared for MRS. B. R. M. Caldwell. If your phlox have been in the ground for several years without be ing divided, take them up just as soon as the ground will allow transplant ing. and replanting again in good, strong divisions. Even if tne plants are not extra large, a transplanting will prove beneficial. The ground should be trenched fully two feet. Phlox may be planted in the autumn, front the 1st to the lath of October, so they would be well rooted before winter; otherwise they should be set out as soon as the frost leaves the ground in the spring, as growth be gins very early. Whether planted in spring or fall, a mulch of old manure thrown around the roots will be of benefit to the plants They should he set out eighteen Inches apart, and if kept, well watered will produce both Individual blossoms and beads of bloom far larger than otherwise, thus amply repaying for the extra trouble. Occasionally in warm, moist summers phlox Is attacked by mildew, But If, upon the first sign of Its appearance, the leaves of the plants are well sprinkled and afterwards plentifully dusted with powdered sulphur, the disease will be arrested. In Novem ber, after the stalks of the phlox have been cut, a litter of leaves may be spread over the plants for winter pro tection. — Location of Tench Orchard. Where should a peach orchard be located, on n high or low land? Morristown. E. B. Prof. Blake, of the New Jersey State Experiment station, speaking of the location of the peach orchard, says; "In the northern counties of New Jer sey a peach crop is most certain at elevations above 600 feet. This fact was very clearly demonstrated in 191-'. There was practically no fruit In Northern New Jersey upon orch ards that were below 600 feet eleva tion. while at elevations from 600 to 900 feel there were good to heavy crops. This condition occurred gen erally regardless of variety or sys tem of orchard management and from what 1 was able to learn the same condition prevailed in Pennsylvania and Connecticut. Southern New Jer sey wag an exception,'’ Proper Care of DahliaH. What is the best way to plant and care for Dahlias? Nutley, Mrs. F. J. O’C. A flower gardener who has been very successful with these lovely plants advises as follows concerning them: "In the spring when I take my tubers from their winter storage, I divide the large bunches into smaller ones by splitting the stalk, being careful not to destroy the tiny sprouts which have started. "The next essential is the thorough preparation of the ground. After spading deep and cultivating tine, mix In good hen manure or rotten horse manure. An extra portion placed In each hole Is also good. Set the tub ers so that they will be covered with about two Inches of soil. Do not set PRACTICAL LESSONS IN POULTRY KEEPING ! NO. 4—'THE HOUSE AND GROUNDS. In the building of the poultry house the amateur will be puzzled by the variety of styles that he sees and reads about. Just as in choosing a breed one must make allowance for the prejudice of the advocate In favor of his own breed and discount some of his extravagant claims, so in build ing the house you must weigh care tully the reasons for the different styles and the claims made for them. There are certain essential features which must be incorporated in every' successful poultry house. These are that fresh air, dryness, sunlight and space enough to keep the birds com fortable must be provided. No house is perfect; the amateur must use his judgment in adapting that style of house which seems best adapted for his purposes. Only one tiling seems to be settled in regard to poultry houses by the experts. That is that the day of the glnss front, airtight house is past. Wise poultry men everywhere have adopted the open front house and use much muslin and little glass to keep out the elements and let in the fresh air. Even in zero climates muslin curtained houses are a success. The best site for a poultry house in any location is one where good water and air drainage are available. The floor and yards will then be dry. The house should not occupy a low hollow in which cold air settles. Wherever possible, a southern or southeastern exposure should he selected, although this Is not essential If there Is any good reason for facing the house In a different direction. "Poultry House Construction" is the title of the Pepartment of Agrirul- j ture's new Farmers' Hulletin (No. f>74>, In which are explained the main features that should he considered, and In which pictures and plans of some very satisfactory houses are shown. Every poultryman who con templates erecting new poultry build ings is urged to write to the depart ment for this bulletin, which will be sent free on application, as long as the department’s supply lasts, or your own Congressman can get It for you. Intensive System and ‘Colony System." There are two popular ways In which to raise poultry—the “intensive system" anti the "colony system." The first of these aims to save steps, and accomplishes this purpose. Long sta tionary houses are used. It is easier, however, to keep the birds healthy and to reproduce the stock under the second system. Under the colony system the birds are allowed free range, the houses, which hold about 100 hens each, being placed from 200 to 250 feet apart, so that the stock will not kill the grass. This system may be adapted to severe winter conditions by drawing the^colony houses together in a con venient place at the beginning of winter, thus reducing the labor dur ing the cold months. The first system is more suited to hens used solely for the production of market eggs than for those used to breed stock. Probably there are no more suitable poultry buildings for New Jersey than those which have been devised by Prof. Harry Reynolds Uewis, us flstant professor of poultry hus bandry at the New Jersey College of Agriculture at New Brunswick, with the needs of this State particularly In mind. One of these, a colony house for ten to twenty hens, was illus trated and described on The Star’s Farm and Garden page a few weeks ago. A second one, a summer colony house for growing chickens, appears in the May Issue of Suburban Idfe magazine. Both of them are illus trated again with thii article. Prof. Howls, who ranks at the head of poultry experts in this country, has taken every need of the same poultry rn.ser Into consideration. For the colony house for ten to tw tit'- hens the outside dimensions i-. .a- ■ — too close, and mix the colors so that a pleasing variety may be had. The plants if properly care* for will grow large and strong and may need some kind of a support. I think the great est essential in dahlia culture is plenty of water. This they must hate, and if given tin y will produce from July until late, frosts kill them, i "I usualy set them about the first couple of weeks in May. They do not need much cultivation, only keep the weeds down and do give them plenty of water. I have grown them to the height of six and seven feet by this simple method, and they were literally covered with (lowers until very late in the season, in the fall I dig the tubers after the first frosts, clean off all the soil and store them in a dry place for the winter.” Fertilizer lor Asparagus. What is the best fertiliser for asparagus? Please give me some di rections for its culture. H. P. B. Harrison. Asparagus Is a heavy feeder and needs plenty of available plant-food. The roots are weakened by the con tinuous cutting of the shoots and need plenty of nourishment to recover properly. Barnyard manure Is the most common fertilizer. On com mercial beds this is usually applied after the crop is harvested, and again in the fall after the plants have been removed and the ground disked or harrowed. Barnyard manure is not a complete fertilizer. Market garden ers use some commercial fertilizer In addition. Some gardeners In locali ties where the manure is not easily produced, do not use manure at all, as it has been found that manure is not essentia!, though It keeps the soil porous, insuring straight, market able shoots. As a complete fertilizer, the North Carolina experiment sta tion recommends the following: 250 pounds nitrate of soda. 400 pounds arid phosphate. 160 pounds muriate of potash. This need not all be ap plied at one time. A part of this amount is usually put on the field early in the spring nnd the remainder during the growing season. The es sential feature In successful a spar a- j gus growing Is having an abundance of quickly available plant-food, which will Insure a quick nnd vigor ous growth Salt Is not a fertilizer. It adds nothing to the crop and is, to a large extent, wasted money when applied to the bed. It is said to help in liberating plant-food, and In that respect might add something to the bed. hut not enough to pay for the trouble of application. I.tAwn for f’ro<| uet. We use a part of our lawn for cro quet. Naturally it get a hard wear. WhaA is the best fertilizer to put on It? W. E. B. East Orange. The best treatment to recommend is the same thing as experts advise for the putting greens of golf courses. This is as follows: Wood ashes and soot, combined or separately, make a good dressing. For a purely chemical top dressing the following may be used: One and one-half lbs. of nitrate of soda or sulphate of ammonia and 1 lb. fine bone meal, well mixed, to be used at the rate of 6 cwts. per acre, or 3 oz. per sq. yd. Pulverized sheep man ure and fine soil, mixed and scat tered thinly oFer the grass, then well brushed in, would be very beneficial. In November or before hard weather sets In In autumn, powdered clay or chalk, at the rate of four parts of the first named, to one of the latter, could be used as a top dressing. Su perphosphate of lime could be sub stituted for the fine bone meal. A freah air aummer colony houae for young poultry. It la six by eight feet, built on runner*. It will hold 50 pullet* and coat* for material only $10. arc six by eight feet. It can be built built on n permanent foundation, or constructed on two three by twelve inch runners, making It portable. The shed-roof construction Is used, the back studding being four feet, and the front six feet high. Hemlock two by four Is used for the floor Joists, and two by two for all the rest of the frame. Yellow pine roofing one by six or one by eight is used for all sheathing and roof, the boards being put ou perpendicularly to shed the water better. The front Is provided with a large opening, covered with a muslin curtain, three by six feet, the opening being placed two feet from the floor. A small glass win dow Is placed below the muslin cur tain, to lot In light, when on account of storms, it is necessary to keep the curtain closed. The roof Is covered with two-ply roofing paper and the whole given two coats of paint Tim following lumber Is required to build tine house six by eight feet: Runners or sills, two pieces, 8x12x11) feet; floor rafters, two pieces. 2x4x12 feet; frame, four pieces. 2x2x12 feet, hemlock; sheathing for floors, walls and roof. 800 square feet roof 1x8 inch, tongued and grooved: trim and curtains, BO linear feet 1x2 white pine; 50 linear feet 1x3 white pine. Cost of lumber.J12.30 Two yards muslin.40 Twenty-four square feet inch mesh poultry netting.35 [One cellar sash (three Its. 10x12).. .75 Roofing paper 60 square feet — 1.00 Hardware and nails. 1.00 Total cost of all material — $16.80 This mnkeH a total cost of $16.80. The capacity of the house is twelve hens, making n cost per bird of $1.40, not including lubor. When It Is de sired to keep a flock of twenty or more birds, a house double Ibis size I con be built from the same plans. Professor Rewls’s summer colony ] house provides the throe essentials for such buildings. It provides fresh air, sufficient size, and is portable. The design provides an abundance ■ of fresh air without causing drafts to blow across the roosting place at nicht. Crowded, stuffy sleeping-quar ters weaken the vitality of a lot of youngsters quicker than any other one cause. If the house can be con- , structcd to furnish considerable shade, i that is another advantage. It is a mistake to build small tucked-up col ony houses, as for example 2x4 feet, which are often seen on small plants. Such houses are hard to ventilate properly, and the tendency Is to crowd too many chicks into one flock, | WHO’S WHO IN POULTRY A Series of Articles in Which Enthusiasts Describe the Fowls They Raise and Tell Why They Like Them. NO IB.—TUB WIUTK OUriNGTON. No breed of fowls has any more loyal supporters than the White Orp ington. Here is an enthusiastic de scription of that breed: To be a successful poultrymnn one must get results. It was for this par ticular reason that I decided to breed the White Orpington exclusively, us an all-round, up-to-date fowl, both for utility and fancy breeding. It would require a large amount of fig uring and definite proofs to convince me that any other one breed of fowls is superior to the White Orpington financially or otherwise. I do not mean (o intimate that there, are no other breeds as good ns the Orping ton. hut I do ns yet have to be con vinced that there is any one breed superior to the White Orpington. I am not one of those who are will ing to say. "Never mind the origin of this or any,other variety of fowls.” 1 have been breeding the White Orping ton for several years, and I am as murh interested in the origin of other breeds as the Orpington. About thirty-three years ago Mr. Cook produced this wonderful breed, tlie White Orpington. In 1889 he had them ns perfect as possible and Intro duced them to the public. These birds soon gained a wide reputation and he had un enormous sale, which has al ways kepi up, and are gaining more in popularity than ever. It is within tlie memory of many fanciers who now own large poultry farms that the White Orpington was the “fowl the world wanted.” There have been in the past few years several booms whirh have swept the country from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from the pine groves of Maine to the or ange groves of Florida, but they have been as the summer’s evening breeze compared with tlie whirlwind tlie While Orpington created throughout America. This being the case, the White Orpington is today largely in the hands of the fanciers, and Homo of America's most skilful and prominent faridem are giving their individual at tention to this breed There are no other fowls shown which so clearly approach the fancier’s idea of perfection as the Orpington. To take from us this noble Pil'd would be to rob us of one of our most Interesting, valuable, at tractive and altogether best all round birds of today. Their beauty Is not all they have to recommend lh> rn. In yearly egg production they will be found equal to any other breed, es pecially in the very severe winter. As a table fowl they are among the very best. Thdr flesh Is very fine In grain, tender and of an excellent flavor for a large fowl As a zero-weather egg-producer I have yet to see the breed that, can surpass them amt many of the so called egg machines to equal them at that time of year most desire the fruit. In the cold winter of 1912, with twenty-three pullets in a coop 8x20 feet, divided Into four pens of 5x8 feet, I got an average egg production of sixteen eggs per day, commencing to take account of eggs November 8 and continuing right through until April, when I ceased to keep count owing to sale of some of these pullets. I had a clean average of sixteen eggs every day. A few times I fell hack to eleven and thirteen eggs, and often took out eighteen and twenty-one eggs, and one Sunday, the coldest day that I remember, I gathered twenty three eggs. My pullets seemed to like Sundays, ns they seemed to make a special effort on that day. but con sidering the extreme continued cold weather, with nothing but muslin windows for protection In front, I think this a pretty fair showing for the White Orpington its winter layers. The exhibition bird Is to he desired from the fact that a beautiful speci men conforming to the color, lines and curves of the Ideal is so pleasing and gratifying to the eye. Think of the pleasure to be derived from ihe sense of ownership and care of such a uni form class of beauties. How fast this great bird was taken up by the fan ciers and hy the utility man. In fact, every poultryman Is speaking tn the highest praise of the White Orping ton. There hns only a little been said of her to what will he. Khe Is just entering her kingdom, she is the sweepstakes of the good things being said of her over all other breeds, and she deserves every good. Ever since her existence in this rnuntry she has been the farmer and the fancier's friend and helper, although she has not always been given all the credit due her. Aside from their excellent qualities ns egg producers and table fowl, the White Orpington has her beauty spot all over her, and there is no prettier sight In a poultry yard or on the farm than a hunch of these beautiful snow white birds Perfection has never been attained, but in the White Orp ington lieu our best hope. This coun try hns all the breeds and varieties It needs, and more. too. What we want most is to cull closely, mate sueoesfully every year and Improve what we have. There will always he an active demand for the best, and this demand Is certain to Increase of poultrymen. IIOW TO KKKl* HOOKS ON TIIF. MIIM A new bulletin which should he of Interest to formers throughout the country has Just been published by the department of agriculture entitled "A System of Farm Fost Accounting" (Formers' Tiulletin No 572) No previous knowledge of book keeping Is necessary to understand the system outlined, and If the farm er follows the suggestions he will llnd them of value In estimating the prof its or losses on his business every year. The system as described has been tried for three years In New York. ,-— ...I .. -- —.. ■■ -- ... The White Orpington* are fancier’* bird* beside* being great layer* and good rating. 1 with disastrous results. The desir able colony unit is about fifty chicks, the exact capacity depending upon tloor space and method of ventilation. A house 6x8 feet build on 2x8 run ners, and of general plan as the one shown In the accompanying Illustra tion, Is a very useful type, and can be built for $10, including labor. Any reader who desires the detail ed plans of the winter colony house can obtain them by writing to the "Farm and Garden Question Box.'" Fences mean an outlay of money, and this outluy is more or leas con tinuous, as they must lie maintained alter iielng installed. Then should be as few fences as possible dividing the lots and the yards, as land can bo kept "sweet" more easily if not fenced, and fresh, sweet land Is a valuable asset In poultry raising. On good soil, a greensward may be kopt up by allowing 2U0 to 250 square! feet of land per bird. This means 217 i or 174 birds per acre. More space Is1 necessary on poor or light land. A ' large number of fowls are usually kept to 'he acre where double yards are used and the land Is frequently] cultlv uted. Plymouth Rocks and the. other heavy meat breeds In small yards require fences five to six feel high, while a fence six to seven feet high is necessary for Leghorns, The upper two feet of the fence for the latter may be Inclined Inward at an angle of 80 degrees, or a strand of barbed wire may be used on top of liie regular wire to keep them con fined. It Is also sometimes necessary to clip the wing feathers of one wing of these birds that persist in getting out. A board or strip along the top of the fence is not advisable. Hens will often fly over such an arrange ment. Hosts may bo set or driven Into the ground. They should be set eight to ten foot apart with common poultry netting, or sixteen to twenty feet with woven wire. Corner posts should be about eight inches in diameter, and be sot four feet in the ground, while Intervening posts may be four or five Inches In diameter and set. three feet in the ground. That part of the post which Is set In the ground may be charred or treated with some wood preservative to advantage, while corner posts would be firmly braced or set in cement. I'alnt Adds to Appearance and Service. All buildings and appliances on a poultry farm will be Improved great ly, both In appearance and In ser viceability by tho addition of paint. One may buy ready-mixed paints, or may purchase paste pigments and oil and mix them. All surfaces should be clean and dry before they are painted. Use a priming coat made of equal parts of paint and lin seed oil and cover with one or more coats of paint, which should be thoroughly rubbed into the surfnee. Whitewash is the cheapest of all paints and may be used either for exterior or Interior surfaces. It can be made by slaking about ten pounds of quicklime In a pall with two gal lons of water, covering the pail with cloth or burlap and allowing it to slake for one hour. Wnter Is then added to bring tho whitewnsh to a consistency which may be applied readily. A weatherproof whitewash for ex terior surfaces may be made as fol lows: (II Slake 1 bushel of quick lime In 12 gallons of hot water, (2) dissolve 2 pounds of common salt and 1 pound of sulphnte of sine In 2 gallons of boiling water; pour (2) Into (1). then add 2 gallons of skim milk and mix thoroughly. White wash Is spread lightly over the sur face with n broad brush. Disease Dreaded by Horse Owners Investigated by De partment of Agriculture. CHANGE OF FEED REQUIRED In the past years horses have died by the thousands, a disease affect ing the nervous system, popularly known as blind staggers, of forage j poisoning. Tlie department of agri culture has received urgent requests for help against this disease from sixteen different States, nnd as a re sult It is now publishing a bulletin containing definite instructions for combating this disease Among tlu» Slates that appealed to the depart- I m« nt of agriculture for assistance was New Jersey. Kansas and Nebraska bore the brunt of the. affliction during the past year, but other Slates have aiso suffered seriously. Kansas has had more than her Bharc. Severe out breaks extended over almost the en tire State In 1891, and since that date have rerurred with equal severi ty on two occasions In various por tions of the State. The bulletin Just issued tak»s no tice of the fact that additional <1 aths have, undoubtedly been due to the use of fake “cures” sold by unscrupulous persons. It is reported that In Ne braska "blackleg vaccine” was used on at least 1,800 unaffected horses, nearly 1,500 of which are said to have died as a direct result. Disease Can Be Controlled. InvontlgHtors have practically es tablished that this horse disease can be controlled effectively only by a total change of feed and forage. It Is quite obvious that there is a direct connection between the green forage, exposed pasturage and newly-cut hay or fodder which the horses eat, and this cerebro-spinnl meningitis, as the disease Is known to scientists. In fact eating of such forage when contami nated is undoubtedly the most Impor tant cause. Over 95 per cent, of cases of this disease during the outbreak of 1912 were maintained under such conditions. Great care must be tuken that horses do not obtain ihc dangerous forage unknown to their owners. The owner of one farm informed the de partment’s investigator that his dead horses had eaten nothing but old hay and grain. ___ Paul S. Maybaum Breeder of S. C. W. Leghorns Table Egg* a Specialty; Hatching Eggs. Custom Hatching; Baby Chicks. Visitors welcome on Saturdays and Sunday*. 139 Sooth Orange Avenue, Newark Telephone 433 Market Noll’s Catalog of Seeds, Plants and Bulbs Is a trustworthy guide for dependable varie ties. It contains 112 pages, with beautiful Illustration* from photographs and la a book of valuable and reliable Information with many suggestions. The catalog will be gladly sent to all who appreciate QUALITY In seeds. A postcard will bring It. J. P. NOLL & CO., Uft Mulberry street, Newark, N. J. GLADIOLUS WILL GIVE BLOOMS ALL SUMMER FOR LITTLE CARE If you would grow a flower this year that will give you rich returns for a little caro, that will do well In almost any soil, if fertilized, and which, If planted two weeks apart from now till July 1, will give you bloom the whole summer, try the gladiolus. Not so many years back the red, old fashioned gladiolus of mother’s gar den. also known as the sword lily, was so Inferior that few grew it and It attracted little attention, but as with the Canna, the enthusiastic hybridizer looking for new worlds to conquer, took lip the gladiolus, seeing therein possibilities which In our day have come true and still the hybridizer is pushing it farther and farther afield, till it will probably rank with the rose as one of the truly great flowers of the floral realm. From the old red has come nearly all known colors from pure white through all shades of pinks, yellows and now blues. From a flower about the size of a quarter, successful crossing has produced the giant typo with individual llowera up to seven Inches across. The variety MrB. Francis King is one of these giants. Not only lias the size of the flower increased, but also the vigor of the plant and the length of the spike. The writer has grown spikes of bloom that would make good walking canes, about four feet long. The variety Peace, an almost pure white, witir giant flowers, has been grown to a height of five feet before the flower spike appeared; tills is the statement of the originator. But the grower Is not content with improvement, tn color and size, but has given attention to the arrange ment of the flower on the sptke, wide open flowers In pairs and so placed that aii the flowers cun be seen at one view. Then too, there Is an In herent tendency for the spikes to grow twisted and this Is u point that has had attention and straight, stiff spikes are found In nil the best sorts. Before a new variety is placed on the market It is tested perhaps for years for keeping qualities of the bulb, divisibility of the bulb and Its power to multiply by off shoots or bublets. In all probability It will then be purchased by professional growers before being offered at relull to the ultimate consumer. When a good new sort finally does reach the home gar den, it probably costs from 50 cents to $1 a bulb. So popular has this flower become that fields of 100 acres are not un common and ten to thirty-acre patches are getting to be quite the rage. From July to October 1 It haa the call on the city markets, and for the past year or so the supply has exceeded the demand, and only per fect spikes have any chance as a marketable cut flower, yet the grow er who can put first quality Amer icas, Augustas or Mrs. King blooms on the city markets early in the se9> son, reaps a profit worth while, but when the glut comes vast quantities have to go to the discard. The three varieties named above are. as yet, the only kinds wunted in quantity by the trade. The first Is still the one best gladiolus of a shell pink color, large and majestic In appearance. A well-arranged bouquet of It is Inde scribable in its beauty. Augusta Is a tinted white, with many flowers open at a time, not very large, but well adapted for design work. Sirs. King Is the giant rod, and Is useful for store windows, hotel lobbies or any place where a four-foot spike could be used to advantage. Some of the new ones that should be in every collection are Ooldeq King. Peace, Panama. Niagara and Rochester White, the latter the only absolutely pure white sort. As the list of named kinds is away up in the thousands, It is impossible to give a select list of best sorts, but tho lover of this flower sihould add some new kinds each year, and If he or she be so Inclined. It is enchanting work to do a little hvhrid'zlng and have a try at new kinds. Promiscu ously selected seed brings as a ru'S nothing but disappointment. Brcnch lyensls Is a kind that lends itself well to borders and where a blaze of color Is wanted, a bright scarlet, it has as manv as twenty flowers at once. Eugene Rrribo is a blazed rose-colored sort that ts beautiful and distinct, from all others In the ar rangement of flowers on the spike. It too has nearly the whole stem ill bloom at once. Gladioli ire easily grown. They re quire n rich soil to he at. their besf, but must not he planted In contact with fresh manure. Full sunlight must he given always and water nt blooming time is very beneflet-l. Plant large bulbs four Inches deep and smaller ones somewhat less. The blooms of the ftlaillolus, borne on a single stalk ore very beautiful. They make tine eut flowers. THE COUNTRY CALENDAR - -- - — . i i Practical Hints About Things to Do at This Season in Garden and Greenhouse, the Orchard and the Poultry Yard. Prepare holes for planting of trees arid shrubs. Turn the soil over oc casionally. If you nre hatching with hens be sure that the coops In which they are placed are not drafty. Hegln transplanting cabbage, to matoes, cauliflower, celery and other large plants from hot-beds to cold frames, to harden and make growth. Finish the pruning of young fruit treeH. Remove all mulch or covering from rose hushes und other protected plants. Insects begin to transform from their winter dormant to the activity of living, eating, crawling things. The apple tree >ent-caterpillar will first be seen on the wild cherry trees. It eats off all leaves. Then It will appear on apple trees as their leaves open. Look for shiny black clusters, these contain from 300 to 400 eggs. Pick them and burn. Cut off the tops of all old peach trees. New heads will form and bear fruit the following year. Cut back to 15 Inches stubs with a few lower limbs of 24 inches. Early or dormant pruning of fruit trees Induces growth of wood. Late pruning up to June checks growth and Induces fruit bearing. m ■ Successful Market Gardening lies in the quality of the seeds more than anything else. We make a specialty of the highest grade Vegetable and Flower Seeds and Plants. Having studied the soil condi tions of New Jersey for many years, it is absolutely safe to rely upon our selection of the best varieties. All seeds we place on sale have been tested year after year by Market Gardeners to whom the success of their product is of vital importance. Stop at our Booth, 29 Hudson Terminal Concourse, and secure copy of Noll’s Catalog. It gives valuable informa tion and full list of Vegetable and Flower Seeds, Bulbs, Plants and GARDEN REQUISITES. Yours for the asking. J. F. NOLL & CO„ Inc, Seedsmen ALEX. FORBES, Pro.’t. US Mulberry St, Newark, N. J. 29 Hudson Terminal Concour.e, Cortlandt. Church and Fulton Sla, New York Order your Vegetable and Flower Seada on your way to or from tho train. ftl