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Newark evening star and Newark advertiser. [volume] (Newark, N.J.) 1909-1916, May 02, 1914, STATE EDITION, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 16

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Newark ®oenrag £tar
Published every afternoon. Sundaes exeepted, hy the Newnrk
Dally Advertiser Publishing Company.
Entered as second-class matter. February 4, 190S. at the Post
office. Newark
Member of the Associated Press and American Newspaper
Publishers' Association. ..... ....
MAIN OFFICE.Branford place and Nutria street.
Phone tv’,no Market.
ORANGE OFFICE_179 Main at., orange. Phone 4700 Orange
HARRISON OFFICE.724 Harrison avenue. Harrison.
Phone 21117 M Harrison.
SUMMIT OFFICE.75 Union pine. Phone 1049-W Summit
IRVINGTON OFFICE .1027 Springfield ave Phone.Rav 7W.
CHICAGO OFFICE. Maliers Building
NEW YORK OFFICE. .Northwest eor. 2"<Hi st and I Irtli ave,
ATLANTIC CITY. .Tile norland Advertising Agency
JtOSTON OFFICE.201 Devonshire street.
Mall Subscription Kates t Postage Prepaid Within the Postal
Union) s
One year J.7.00: six months, $1 50; three months. 75 cects:
one month. 25 cents. . . , .
Delivered by carriers In any part of Newark, the ' r- •
Harrison. Kearny. Montclair. Bloomfield and all neighboring
towns. Subscriptions may be sent to the main or brnueh om<e .
It is not shooting very wide of the mark when it
is said that Americans, safe and secure in their homes,
•will continue to feel deep concern for the safety and
security for our soldiers in Mexico, and other Amer
icans in that blood-drenched country, as long as Sec
retary of State Bryan and his aides maintain a supine
attitude of inaction toward the Mexican situation and
sit around until the A. B. C. mediators, or some other
mediators, settle our quarrel.
There is nothing inspiring or thrilling in the show
ing, up to date, of those who are supposed to shape
our destinies.
This uncertainty as to what course to pursue, or
what to expect, is creating more anxiety and uneasi
ness than would be caused if it was plainly understood
that we must rely upon war and war alone, If the
honor and the dignity of the country are to be main
Here we hear of Huerta directing a general jail
delivery, releasing convicts from prisons to which
many of them probably should never have been con
signed, and appealing to them to go forth and shoot
Villa and kill everybody else in sight, American citi
zens not excepted.
Again it 1b announced that Huerta has seized all
grog shops, distilleries, saloons and other places where
liquor is stored and confiscated the stuff for distribu
tion among his followers to muster up their courage
and get them fighting mad.
What control can there be exercised over rum
crazed creatures? They tvill kill and slay and plunder
Jn their drunken frenzy aud men, women and children
Will be at their mercy.
Vet we are quietly waiting for other powers to
•ettle our quarrel. The wonder is why Secretary
Bryan didn’t ask these mediators for permission to
fight before we started a fight.
It Is always a pleasure to pay tribute to woman,
and as this is "Woman's Day." or technically speak
ing, “Suffrage Day,” throughout this land of ours, it
is befitting the occasion, while doffing our hats to the
ladies, to extend this sincere wish to them: "May
success reward your efforts, as your cause is just.”
It is no ordinary gathering, or gatherings, of
womankind to talk, orate, parade and deal in glitter
ing generalities without thought or reason, that marks
today's demonstration. It is not an event that will
furnish the comic papers with pictures of the husband
remaining at home to wash the dishes and put the
babies to bed, while the wife’s out stuffing ballot boxes.
It Is quite a different matter. The program for
the day is featured by assemblages of women with
earnest thought and purpose of mind, with a clearly
defined object, and the ability to present convincing
arguments why women should be accorded equal
rights with men, the right of suffrage; the right to
vote on questions that concern the welfare of the per
son, the home, the country and communities.
There is a seriousness, a dignity, surrounding the
occasion that must necessarily commend itself to all.
The spectacle of hundreds of intelligent and refined
women assembled in their might to advance a cause
that they hold dear is enjoyable as it is inspiring. It
may be that if women triumph in the battle for the
suffrage that has been waged for years, they will
become as neglectful of their duty to vote as the male
citizens frequently are.
But that is not the point. They will have acquired
equal rights with men, the right to vote if they feel
like voting, and the right to stay at home if indisposed
and indifferent, just as men do.
It is gratifying to record the fact that the women
of Newark and vicinity are not behind their sisters of
other cities, in a manifestation of enthusiasm and zeal,
in the initial celebration of “Woman Suffrage Day,”
which is henceforth to be an annual event.
Statements by John D. Rockefeller in regard to
the causes for the troubles in the Colorado coal re
gions show that his information was incorrect. So
far from acting under the law and in vindication of
the law, the coal companies violated the law and have
always done so.
An examination of the Colorado statutes proves
that if the mining com; vnies had respected the laws
of the State the pitiful scenes in the mining regions
would not have been witnessed. The Colorado stat
utes provide for an eight-hour law, semi-monthly
payment of wages and the employment of check weigh
men, and prohibit the payment of employes in com
pany-store orders. “Concessions" by a company on
any of these points were simply compliance with the
The Colorado law makes it unlawful for an em
ployer to interfere with labor organizations or to dis
criminate against those who may belong to organ
izations. The Colorado law says it is not unlawful
for workmen to combine to secure employment or to
1 “agree in any manner, to advise and encourage by
1 peaceable means, any person or persons to enter into
any combination in relation to entering into or re
maining in the employment of any person, persons or
corporation, or in relation to the amount of wages or
compensation to be paid for labor, or for the procur
ing of fair and just treatment for employes, or for
the purpose of aiding and protecting their welfare and
The Colorado law prohibits the coal companies
from hiring armed guards without a permit from the
Governor. The act is a felony. And the mine owners
regularly employed armed guards to violate other
laws such as that relating to labor organizations and
the store-order system. And men, women and chil
dren were shot to death because they acted according
to laws that their employers brutally violated.
The report that a grape-juice agent has arrived in
Vera Cruz from Chicago is credible, for it is so en
tirely consistent with the situation. Our navy, now
at Vera Cruz, from which all vinous, spirituous and
malt liquors are now barred, necessarily must have
some beverage. Even Mr. Bryan, with ills frugal and
absteminous habits, isn't on the ‘'w'ater wagon.” His
favorite beverage, as all the world knows, is the un
fermented juice of the grape. What is there left for
the navy but to adopt grape juice as its convivial
drink? Hence the grape-juice agent.
But there, may be a political, strategical as well
as a benevolent object in the mission of this agent.
Who shall say he is not an emissary of the state de
partment? Grape juice has become associated in the
public mind with the Bryan doctrine of a world peace.
May it not be used as an instrument to bring about a
peace with Mexico?
The people of that country are turbulent, and one
of the causes lies in their drink. If their convivial
habits can be changed, if they can be made to drink
grape Juice, and lots of it, may not the dove of peace
come and rest upon the land, all the troubles that
keep Mr. Bryan in Washington disappear and even
the Huertaists and Carranzaists come together like
brothers and hold a love feast?
Senator Hennessy has written columns of matter
to prove that his "home rule” bill, which was enacted
into a statute, is all right constitutionally and in all
other respects. His views about the law have been
extensively printed and highly indorsed by several
newspapers that know as much about laws and con
stitutions as Senator Hennessy does, and probably
nearly as much as Governor Fielder.
Now comes an eminent former justice of the Su
preme Court, famous for his constitutional lore, who
says the Hennessy act is unconstitutional and void.
This authority is Bennet Van Syckel, whose opinions
have always had the highest respect of the New Jersey
bar. Indeed, his opinion in this case virtually settles
it. But will it convince the Bergen county senator,
who imposed a worthless statute upon the State and
insisted that it was good?
The new line of strategy said to be in view at
Washington, that of sitting tight until Villa de
nTolishes Huerta, loses sight of some important points,
ami the first one suggested is that of satisfaction for
the insult to our flag.
President Wilson has declared that we have no
quarrel with Mexico, but only with Huerta, and that
he must salute the flag. Now if Villa drives the dic
tator out of office and power, how can Huerta, though
he may be so inclined, order the salute to be fired?
As we have no quarrel with Mexico, and as Villa had
nothing to do with the flag insult, we cannot look to
Villa or a new government to pay that tribute.
A Wonder Machine.
From the American Machinist.
Progress in the art of cutting
metals has been a slow advance with
occasional sudden, pronounced jumpH,
followed by the same slow advance,
line such jump came in 1900, with the
announcement of the development of
high-speed steel.
Another jump lias Just occurred.
A Cincinnati milling machine com
pany has developed a system of mill
ing that permits of cutter feeds and
speeds some eight to twelve times
higher than those in ordinary prac
tise. Test cuts have been made in
steal 0.2 carbon. O.j manganese, at a
peripheral cutting speed of 800 feet
per minute. Other cuts in the same
material have been made at a feed
of 112 in. (0 1-3 ft.) per minute. The
feature of the system is the supply
and control of the lubricant, which
Is delivered in some ten times greater
quantity than Is ordinarily used. The
cutter is in a flowing stream—hence
“stream lubrication.'' Experts in ma
chine shop practise who have seen
these tests have unhesitatingly said
that they foreshadow a tremendous
advance in milling practise.
liuildinic ( |i Our Port*.
From the Review of Reviews.
Of the influences that have helped
to bring about the reconstruction of
American ports—a work in progress
throughout the country—unouestion
i niy the most direct is the approach
ing completion of the Panama
t'anal. Another factor is the grow
ing size of ships. In a paper read at
«. recent annual meeting of the So
ciety of Naval Architects and Marine
iungineors It was said that “ships of
\Hg maximum dimensions now liuilt
or building are not easily accommo
dated or moved in even the largest
docks and harbors.” Other factors
In these contemporary port activities
are the examples of European port
and harbor organization; the keen
rivalry among trunk-line railroads:
the renascence of the municipal
spirit: a 'widespread recognition of
the fact that if our water courses
ere to be developed suitable termi
r.al« are essential, and Anally there is
the tardy realization that riparian
properties constitute one of our most
■valuable natural resources.
ppfore (fittcrlbing what is being
done at our principal ports and har- i
bors it may be well to indicate what
this work comprises. As regards
harbors, it is directed toward the
widening, deepening or straightening
of tahannele, and, notably on the
Great Lakes, there is the construc
tion of breakwaters. Ail works of
this character, as well as the estab
lishment of harbor and pier-head
lines, fixing the length of wharves,
are carried on by the corps of engi
neers, United States army, the near
est approach to a national depart
ment of public works. Other aide
to navigation are furnished by the
government, such as charts showing
the depth of harbor channels, buoys
marking obstructions to he avoided
and lighthouses and lightships.
The government leaves to port and
private enterprise the construction of
terminal facilities, such as wharves
or piers and docks for the water ad
jacent to or between them; harbor
or belt railroads co-ordinating land
and water carriers, warehouses and
the numerous mechanical appliances
employed in handling cargoes. For
a long time water fronts and termi
nals—except at San Francisco, New
Orleans and New York—have been
largely in private ownership. But
there is a growing popular demand
for at least partial public ownership
of such properties.
Temper AITeete the Heart
From the London Chronicle.
"To keep your temper Is rather a
good idea," said Dr. Strickland Good
all in a lecture at the Institute of
Hygiene. Every time the heart con
tracts, he said, Its force would raise
a weight of two pounds to the height
of one foot, and it does this from 70
to 140 times every minute.
Acute heart strain was difficult to
| produce in a young, well-nourished
and healthy adult, but It was very
easy to produce if the heart muscle
was anaemic or poisoned, or was the
seat of degenerative disease.
Running to catch a train increased
the heart's work by 228 foot pounds
a minute. Ascending a staircase
slowly increased the heart’s work by
112 foot pounds; ascending quickly by
152 foot pounds.
The enormous amount of total extra
work done by the heart was shown In
the experiment of r-dout w bicfwbt
up-hill, the gradient of which was
one in 10, and the length 2,9i>4 feet.
The ride occupied three and one-half
minutes and the total extra work
done by the heart was no less than
one and one-eighth foot tons.
A rest of half an hour daily would
save in a year 219,000 foot pounds of
work of the heart.
Economic Hide of the Tolls Issue.
From the New York Tribune.
Colonel George W. Coethais has done
a public service in calling the atten
tion of the Senate and the country to
the economic side of the Panama
Canal tollH issue. Even independently
of our obligation to carry out the in
tentions of the framers and signers of
the Hay-Pauncelote treaty, we ought
to exercise some practical business
sense In operating the canal. We shall
have spent about $409,000,000 on the
enterprise before we get through. The
interest charges on the part of that
sum which has been funded to date
have been saddled on the Treasury—
that is to say. on the taxpayers—and
the present interest charges will be
nearly doubled if the government
issues enough canal bonds to extin
guish the temporary, non-interest
bearing advance loans made to the
canal from current treasury balances.
Why should the taxpayers he ex
pected to go on meeting that interest
charge, or any large part of it indefin
itely? As Colonel Goethals urges, tolls
should be regulated so as to pay out
standing floating indebtedness, fixed
charges and operating expenses, The
American taxpayer ought not to be
asked to go down into his pocket to
make good a deficit caused by giving
free passage to the ship owners of any
Colonel Goethals is of the opinion
that remitting tolls on the coastwise
shipping of the United States will not
result in cheaper freight rates between
Atlantic and Pacific ports. What the
canal administration would lose the
shipping concerns would treat ns a
free gift from the government; that in
the usual course with subsidies. It
would bo wise, therefore, altogether
apart from our treaty engagements,
to put the canal on a sound business
basis first, and then see if we can af
ford, with the growth of trade through
it, to make direct subsidy concessions
tw no coastwise shipping.
Princeton Mayor Takeo Benches Off
Streets, Now Students Carry Own.
PRINCETON, May 2.—It is very
hard to get ahead of Princeton stu
dents, and no one knows this better
than Mayor Phillips. The mayor
issued an order taking off of Nassau
street the old benches in front of the
stores, which the students used to
lounge upon.
Not to be outdone by the order, the
undergraduates now carry a camp
stool and sit along the thoroughfare
wherever the desire prompts them.
Argentina Seems Determined to Present
Bryan With Sound Llama.
WASHINGTON, May 2.—Alex Jas
ealerieh, guardian of Secretary Bry
an’s ill-fated llama, called today upon
the secretary to pay his respects and
offer his assurances that a new and
healthy animal would soon be sent
from Argentina. %
The secretary of state received
Senor Jasealerieh and handed him a
note for the South American paper,
the Bolftin Del Musfo Social Argen
tine, which ran as follows:
"We appreciate very much this
friendly spirit shown by Argentina in
proposing mediation in conjunction
with Brazil and Chile, and we hope
for the success of these nations In
their honorable efforts.”
Mr. Jasealerieh declared his ignor
ance as to the whereabouts of the
unhappy llama which was refused as
an undesirable except that It was
somewhere in England. The second
gift llama would be sound In limb, It
was assured.
Guilty of Homicide 'by Imprudence’ When
Friend Dies in Ills Bath.
PARIS, May 2.—Because he allowed
a friend to make use of his bath,
Ilenrl Person, tin accountant, has
hi f n found guilty of homicide "by
imprudence.” Maurice Eisse, a
leather merchant, was found dead In
the bath, having been asphyxiated.
An examination of the bathroom
showed that the ventilation was de
fective, and the court, holding that
Ferson should not have allowed his
friend to use the bath wnen it was
in such dangerous condition, fined
him 2f. francs ($5) and allowed the
widow of Eisse one franc damages.
Love Pat* on Rain's Head Cause "Down
fall" of College Dean and Hospital Head.
NEW YORK, May 2.—It must be
"some** ram that can upset the dig
nity of the dean of New York Uni
versity and the head of the hospitals
of the Department of Health to such
a degree as to send them sprawling
. ti th- ground. And for that reason
Jack, a ram of big proportions, which
I Mill in lilt yard of the Willard
Parker Hospital, will not be banished.
Dr. William Hallock Park, head of
the research laboratory and In the
last week made dean of New York
University, and Dr. Richard T. Wil
son, superintendent of hospitals, were
assaulted by Jack when they went
into the yard of the hospital to select
a site for a new building. A ram, who
seemed very friendly, came up and
they patted him on the head. When
the men turned their hacks, Jack
butted them and both were soon lying
flat on their backs.
Hunt Ilobcat Which Swallowed (lullls of
PORTLAND, Me, May 2.—For some
weeks hunters in the vicinity of Otis
have been on the trail of a ferocious
A trapper followed the tracks of
the cat, and found where the cat had
attacked a porcupine and partly
eaten it. Then the tracks indicated
that the eat was in much trouble,
and Anally led off Into a thick part
of the swamp.
The bobcat had filled hls nose
and throat with porcupine quills,
which would cause his death in a
short time.
No Change.
They had been engaged three years,
but there seemed no indications that
the good ship Matrimony was hover
ing in the offlng. She was getting
restless, but when she touched the
subject ho dexterously *".rned the con
versation off to physiology, a science
of which he was a student
‘‘Yes,’’ he said airily, "it is a strange
hut well authenticated fact that the
whole of the human body changes
every seven years. You, my dear,
are Miss Jones now. In seven years
you will have changed completely.
Not a particle of your present self
will be left: but. all the same, you
will still be Miss Jones.”
“Oh. shall I?" said the angry dam
sel, tugging away at the third finger
of her left hand. “I assure you I
won’t, If I have to marry the iceman!
Of all the cool impudence. Here’s
vnur ring, and I never, never want to
see you again!"
Not Very Important.
An old Scottish gentleman who was
a great enthusiast on the golf links,
and a young man who was equally
enthusiast about the game, had sitent
the entire day in the field and had
had some remarkably close and ex
citing games.
As they left the field the old man
remarked, while h:s rugged face
lighted up with a pleasant smile:
"Hey, mon, but it's been a gran’
"It has," assented the young man.
"Think ye could come again on the
morrow, laddie?"
"Well," answered the young man re
flectively, "I was to be married, but I
can put it off.”—Eipplncott's.
Impossible to Say.
Retired M. F. H.—And when he
eame to the seventeenth, Just as I was
going to drive, what should I see but
an old dog fox staring at me out of
the hedge!
Sympathetic Friend—Ye-e-e-s?
Retired M. F. H.—Now, don't you
think that was a most remarkable
Sympathetic Friend—Well, yes. I
suppose It was: but then, you see, I
don't know anything about golf.—
Evening Stars
Daily Puzzle
t c,*ve p it Twoi-rr
i.K%TW^ c1
, '<uw 1
^ 1 OtT I
' on (l
What flower?
Anttwer to Ve**terday’* Puzzles
€pitaph to a Soldier
And now the rain beats down upon his grave;
The wild beasts snarl and sniff above the mound;
Aloft the vulture circles round and round;
Deep in the bushes lurks the human knave.
'Twas such a place as this, and such a land,
We laid him whom the morn proclaimed her pride,
A soldier battle-scarred and brave and grand,
Who ’ere the day had wheeled, sank low and died.
Rest to his soul! He wrought the best he could,
And doing thus had made him truly good.
Peace to his bones! He was a peaceful man,
Though every battle found him in the van;
In midst of evil, yet from evil free—
Let him who reads pray thus he, too, may be.
—N. D. Anderson.
Didn’t Talk English
A policeman was a witness in Judge
Martin’s court one day last week. He
seemed to be ju3t bulging with infor
‘‘What do you know about this
happening, officer?” asked the prose
"Well, we wuz standln’ on the cor
ner when dis guy came Tong and
hutted in. We tells him to-vamoose,
but he don’t take de hint and he sticks
aroun’. He gets into a scrap w i dis
other gink and he gives him the foot,
“Please speak English,” the court
’’Yes,” added the prosecutor, "don’t
talk like a cop.”
The "cop” looked crestfallen, but he
got along fairly well after that.
Kimono as a Gift
“Well, I’ll be blowed If I know what
to buy my chum,” said a Newarker
the other day to a friend. "His birth
day falls next week. I’d like to make
him some sort of a present: but I’m
puzzled to know what It ought to be.
You see,” explained the speaker, “my
chum Is a strange sort of fellow. He
doesn’t drink. He doesn't smoke—”
"Why not buy him a kimono?’’
broke in the friend.
That ended the discussion.
Sailors Are Up to Date
The modern bluejacket is up to date
in more ways beside abTity to fight
for his country. It would make the
old-time man-of-war'sman gasp If he
happened to get a letter one of these
days from some of the boys on tha
Some of the Newark lads now In
Mexican waters have been busy writ
ing home for the lust week telling of
incidents in the "war zone.” Printed
in the upper left hand corner of eaoti.
envelope was the name of the writer !
of the letter and the ship to which
he belongs. The bluejackets also
used printed letter-heads, the work
being done In artistic style. All of
this sort of work, of course, is done
on board ship by the ship’s printer.
A complete printing establishment Is
now carried on every big vessel of
the American navy and the blue
jackets almost to a man take advan
tage of Its conveniences.
“Uncalled For Cigarettes”
“Uncalled for Cigarettes for Sale." 1
That sign In a store window on Wes!
street. New York c’ty, attracted the
attention of a reporter the other day.
Being curious as to why cigarettes
should be uncalled for he Investigated
and found out.
The place advertising the "uncalled
for cigarettes" is a factory where
special brands are made, with the
monogram of the purchaser on each
cigarette. Many persons order the
special monocramed cigarettes at a
cost of *2 to S3 a hundred, and then
fall to call for them The maker,
after holding them for a time, se ,s
them for one cent each. Hence the
sign in the window.
The Negro in War
To the Editor of the Evening Star:
Sir—Your editorial bearing upon the
subject, '‘Colored Men in the War,"
appearing in the Evening Star of
April 28 is at once timely and
thoughtful. Without a doubt you
have expressed tlhe solid truth, and
sound logic permeates your entire
discussion of the matter.
I know that I voice the sentiments
of many intelligent and sound •
minded negroes when I thank you for
this expression of so important a
Mr. Editor, the discrimination of
which you speak is assuredly unfair.
If the nefrroes are considered a fit lot
of men to recruit from in time of war,
should they not also be considered a
fit lot of men to be ranked as com
ponent parts of an organized military
command in time of peace? I see no
reason why they should not be so
considered. You say very pro
nouncedly that ‘ It should be the
privilege of every citizen, white or
black, to fight the battles of his coun
try, and the record of the American
negro, as a soldier, is creditable."
And, Mr. Editor, do you not think
that this country should make it its
business to protect its citizens wher
they are deprived of the Just and
due processes of the law, when they
are denied the social customs which
life and liberty call for. and which go
hand in hand with justice? If Amer
ica can call out a whole army to pro
tect its citizens in a foreign land, do
you not also think that she could at
icast call out a battalion to protect
citizens who arc being tarred and
feather and burnt alive at the stake,
and lynched and shot through in the
light of day, ns the negroes too fre
quently are in the southland, by law
less and whisky-snaked mobs? Can
America not see to it that law is re
spected at home as well as ahroad
America must learn to straighten out
matters at home before meddling
with neighbors. How can she see to
pluck out the mote in her brother's
eye when she fails to see the beam in
her own eye?
If the negro is good enough to
fight In defense of his country’s
honor, he is good enough for his
country to fight for his protection In
tihe hour of his maltreatment. The
negro is brazenly denied his inalien
able rights in nearly every detail, and
yet the country murmurs not. When
war comes the negro never falls his
country. History will corroborate
that. You say that "without doubt
hundreds of able-bodied Jersey
negroes in the State would be glad
to enlist." You are doubtless cor
rect, and while many people would
probably consider it narrow and
selfish should tho negro refuse to en
list merely because of spleen or re
venge, yet, all things blng considered,
does it not remain a question as to
whether or not he would be Justified
If he refused to enlist? Mr. Editor,
is there not some tangible grounds
for his justification should matters
take such a turn? The affairs of
America should be so prosecuted as
to permit of no circumstances what
ever provoking a question relative to
the justification of the colored man
enlisting for war.
The negro will always do his duty
when war is in progress, and from
now on American patriots and Chris
tian gentlemen certainly should con
sider it a part of their duty to see to
it that the country does Its proper
share In protecting the defenceless
negro, who Is ever ready to protect
America in time of stress and battle.
Right is right, and that cannot lie
Very truly yours,
104 Stratford place, Newark.
Chicago’s Automobiles
To the Editor of the Evening Star:
While stopping in Chicago recently
at the Young Women’s Christian
Association on Michigan avenue, I
was sitting in my room in the sec
ond story, resting, and watching the
traffic go by; and of a sudden it oc
cured to me that I never remembered
seeing so many automobiles before.
As I had two or three hours still
to wait for my train, I thought I
would count them for pass-time not
thinking I would be so surprised at
the number, for in just tw'enty-three
and one-half minutes, by my watch,
there w'ere just six hundred and
eighty-two that had passed and then
the maid knocked at my door. I was
sorry, as I would have liked to kept
on counting for the even half-hour
at least. Every time I hear Chicago
mentioned, I always see automobiles.
Of course It was during the busy hour
between e'ght and nine o’clock when
Chicago society is on the way for
its evening amusement and various
pleasures. A. S.
How to Choose a Husband
In the April American Magazine
James Montgomery Flagg, ,the fa
mous wit and artist, contributes an
amusing piece In words and pictures
entitled ‘‘The Care and Feeding of
Husbands.” Following is an extract:
"Have you a little husband in your
"Don’t snicker and look self-con
scious—if you would stop to consider
the large number of licenses taken
out every year you would realize it’s
quite the proper thing. These almost
human companions are becoming the
rage all over the country. Didn’t
you go to the Husband Show at Mad
ison Square Garden? Of course, you
did. And you must remember what
excited rivalry there was, how, no
sooner did one woman choose a par
ticular pet than every other woman
In the garden made a rush for It,
whether it was the kind she wanted
or not!
"Women are always asking what
sort of a husband they should keep.
"Obviously, It depends on what sort
of an establishment you have. If you
have a large Tudor mansion In the
country, miles and miles from the
railroad, it would be all right to keep
one of the large sporting kind.
Whereas, If you have, a tiny apart
ment in town. It would be safe to keep
one of the home-loving toy husbands.
The big ones certainly are more Im
pressive to your friends, and It Is, of
course, harder for this kind to hide
from you.
”A great deal of shilly-shallying
may be avoided If you are lucky
enough to be presented with some
one's husband, say by some woman's
friend who is going abroad and
doesn't care to take him with her.
But. generally speaking, it is wiser to
purchase In the open market. Sub
scribe to the Husband’s Weekly and
keep in touch with the shows and
1,now which ones are taking prizes.
Ttcmembcr that, although a mongrel
Isn’t much to look at. It Is apt to
give as much satisfaction as a com
panion and a thoroughbred.
"Don't Imagine that Vou can es
cape a certain amount of trouble.
They all have their ailments and need
careful feeding. If they become 111
and you tend them and bring them
through their sickness they will be
devoted to you for days afterward."
Author ot "Pushing to the Front, Etc.
Copyright 1914.
Somewhere I have seen a picture
called "Debt Sitting Beside the
Chauffeur.” What a splendid thing it
would be if every one who longs for
an automobile and is willing to mort
gage the home, the business or other
personal or real property to obtain it
could have this picture confronting
him daily. It is said that in one West
ern city an automobile concern has
mortgages on 1,000 homes or busi- j
nesses. This would indicate that the
American people are going mad on
the subject of keeping up appear
ances. Isn’t It about time that we
were getting through living this
empty life of pretense? Isn't it about
time that we got down to realities?
Sooner or later the people who
know us will measure us pretty ac
curately. We are labeled all over
with earmarks which are telltales of i
our real standing. Don’t flatter your
self that you are measured by your
pretences. We radiate our realities;
not what we do but what we are is
<.nly going out from us and telling the
tale of our life.
It is overvaulting ambition, selfish
ness. the everlasting striving and
struggling in the most unnatural way
to keep up appearances, which causes
much of the unhappiness in life.
Why is it that people burn out their
lives with discontent and misery,
struggling, striving, making slaves of
themselves to keep up appearances,
without knowing what real enjoy
ment, real happiness means?
Recently a young man on a small
salary told me that it cost him from
$15 to $20 an evening to take a girl
to a theatre and to supper at an ex
pensive restaurant afterwards. Is it
any wonder that so many young men
in moderate circumstances remain
single and that vicious results fol
low such abnormal living?
One of the curses of modern me is
the unwillingness of young men to
marry and assume the responsibility
or obligations of a’family. The conse
quent absence of the refining, ele
vating influence of hpme and family
upon the character of both men and
women is most disastrous. They live
unnatural and unhealthful lives and
often become abnormally selfish be
cause they arc completely absorbed in
getting the most they can for them
selves. anti consequently think Very
little about others.
The false ideas, expensive habits,
and passion for show of many men
end women are, in a great measure,
responsible for this deplorable con
dition of things.
It is spending upward, living up
ward living in honesty, in simplicity;
living the real life, the life that is
worth while, that will produce tho
finest character and give the great
est satisfaction.
I have a dear friend who has tho
courage to live the simple life, even
in the mist of the pyrotechnical social
life in New York This man, who has
not laid up $1,100, has a magnificent
character, strong, vigorous, yet sweet,
gentle, kind. He envies no one; bows
to no one; lie has a superb independ
ence; h- walks like a conqueror. Ho
lias no anxiety about the future. Ho
lives a full, complete life as he goes
along. The moment one enters his at
Biosphere he is conscious that he is
in the presence of a rich personality.
It does net require so much courage
to live the life we can afford, to bo
genuine, true, indifferent to what our
neighbors think or say. Even those
who are wealthy will think mere of
us for this manly and womanly inde
Every one owes it to himself to llvo
a real life, whether he is rich or poor;
tc be, and not to seem. He owes It
to himself at least to be genuine.
Noted Women Whose Birthday Is Yours
Catherine the Great
Copyrighted 1914.
May 2 is the birthday of a woman
who vies with Queen Elizabeth and
the late empress of China for the po
sition of the greatest woman ruler
of history. This is Catherine the
Great, who was born in 1729. She did
more for Russia in every way than
any other sovereign save Peter the
Great. It has been said that she
found St. Petersburg a village of
hovels and left it a city of brick and
marble. She encouraged Immigra
tion, Introduced inoculation for
smallpox, did more than any previous
monarch for the cause of public edu
cation, built hospitals, colleges, can
als and fortresses such as had never
been seen in Russia before. In short,
she did more good for Russia than
any other woman in history. And
yet—such are the contradictions of
history—in private life and in her
immediate influence on those about
her she has seldom been matched
in wickedness.
Catherine was not born to her
great position, but she won it by her
wonderful beauty and magnetism of
personality. She was an unimportant
German princess when she w*as
chosen to be the bride or the heir to
the Russian throne. She came to
Russia when she was sixteen, and
found in her young bridegroom a
man of the lowest moral character.
But Catherine was not a princess to
sink down under neglect or to mourn
over the sins of her husband. Shu
adapted herself to the situation, and
when her husband wanted to divorce
her in order to marry another prin
cess who had caught his fancy,
Catherine managed, through the help
of her powerful favorite, to have her
husband deposed in her favor, and
then without a scruple she had him
In Catherine’s great work for Rus
sia she was aided by a succession of
powerful favorites, each of whom
served his day, and each of whom,
daring to aspire to become the hus
band of the powerful Catherine, was
put away for hiB successor—impris
oned or disgraced. It is said that she
lavished about sixty million dollars
on her various lovers, and accounted
the sum not too great a price for tho
valuable co-operation and aid they
gave her in the all-absorbing duty of
ruling Russia.
Prisons as Schools
Human life is valuable—some more
than others, of course—but after all
the great problem is how to get the
most of real worth out of life. Some
do not even try; they are, in business
parlance, called “dubs.” As the other
extreme I know a man, a real worker,
who actually begrudges every hour he
is obliged to spend in sleep because
for want of time he cannot do nearly
all the things he would like to accom
plish. However, the men who do
things in the world are those who con
serve their time, and do not spend an
hour at some task they can perform
in twenty minutes. About the most
worthless thing in human life, for
years past, has been the time of a
convict in our States' prisons. In
spots they have been farmed out to
contractors, and recently they have
built some excellent roads—by far the
most logical use of their time. Not all
convicts, however, are qualified for
that work, and little can be done on
roads in winter, so at best there is ai
lot of time going to waste.
Prisons and jails have been consid
ered schools of crime, but the warden
of the State penitentiary of Nebraska
is trying to make his place a school
in which to learn useful knowledge. A
correspondence course has been estab
lished there, the studies including all
the regular University of Nebraska
educational extension work and all the
common school branches. The univer
sity remits ail fees and gives regular
credits for examinations. The experi
ments is promising thus far. and. in
view of the splendid record of corres
pondence schools generally, Warden
Fenton has every reason to believe
results will fully justify his expecta
tions.— From the Popular Science
Japan’s Currency System
The Japanese currency system is .
very simple and is based upon a gold j
basis. The unit of value is a yen. I
This equals 50 cents in gold, according
to our United States values, writes
Clyde Witmer in the Buffalo Times.
One yen is divided into 100 sen. Each
of the latter is worth lust one-half of |
in American cent. The Japanese sen
is the equivalent of 1" rin, and the
smallest Japanese coin consists of a I
5-rin piece, the equivalent of one
quarter of an American penny.
The currency media is comiWised of
paper notes, silver, nickel and copper.
The Japs have their paper money in
one, five, ten yen notes and upward.
The silver money comes in 10, 20 and
50-sen pieces. The smallest nickel
piece is valued at 5 sen. Then come
the copper coins. These are valued at
2 sen, 1 sen and 5 rin. This is the
substance of the entire currency
system in Japan when you step into
a money changer'e to procure the co n
of the realm.
But you do not always obtain the
equivalent In values for your Ameri
can currency. These various eeaport
towns swarm with Chinese mo'ey
changers. These Mongolian financiers
deduct a rebate of from 1 to 2 per
cent, for every $10 In American money
exchanged. When you travel In the
interior localities of Japan, a" ay
from the beaten track of tourist traf
fic, you will be compelled to pay even
a higher rate of exchange, as the Jap
merchants refuse to accept foreign
coin in exchnnge for their wares un
less they are easily accessible to some
nearby seaport town.
The Jap nickel, or 6-sen piece, will
buy five or six times as much for a
Jap in his own country as the same
value of currency would buy for an
American home In the United States.
The simplicity of the native currency
system goes hand In hand with the
frugality and the wise economies of
these quaint, active little people.
Nearly believes in Life In
Everybody surance- The agent
will help you get
it. Then you will
feel better for hav
ing it.
The Prudential

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