OCR Interpretation


Newark evening star and Newark advertiser. [volume] (Newark, N.J.) 1909-1916, May 02, 1914, STATE EDITION, MAGAZINE SECTION, Image 17

Image and text provided by Rutgers University Libraries

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91064011/1914-05-02/ed-1/seq-17/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 17

"SUFFRAGE DAY" VIEWS AS TOLD BY SOME OF THE PROMINENT JJDCAL LEADERS
N. J. SUFFRAGE VICTORY IS
PREDICTED FOR NEXT YEAR
Utate Leader Reviews the Doctrine of Equal Rights and Pic
tures How the Movement Has Gathered Momentum Among
'fitfnkers—Fair Play Is Keynote of Claim for New Gov't.
BY MINNIE J. REYNOLDS,
Secretary Women's Political Union oi
New Jersey,
From Boston to San Francisco the
suffrage bugle blew at noon today.
In the streets of every city in the
country the doctrine of equal rights
is being proclaimed at this hour from
bandstand, automobile, or the humble,
necessary soap box. Hong processions
are marching, gay with the bright
hues of the suffrage movement; and
It is easy for imagination to picture
the unseen pioneers who have passed
on; the gray-haired women who took
the sneers, the loud laughter and the
abuse of the earlier day, marching
radiantly at the Mead of these long
lines of their young sisters.
A revolution is being peacefully ac
complished by women throughout the
World. Outside of Mexico and dark
est Africa there is scarcely a country
untouched by it.
This right of the freeman, the right
to participate in the government that
rules him, was not won by men with
out bitter and bloody wars. Outside
of one division of the English move
ment, not one blow has been struck
by women for their political equality,
and yet women are voting on more
than one-fifteenth of the surface of
the glebe today.
The American Way.
They have won this enormous ex
tension of political rights simply by
appealing to men's sense of fair play.
Outside of England, where peculiar
conditions prevail, they have never
used any other method. This and this
alone lias heen our method In Amer
! lea. Through the American man’s
1 sense of fair play we have won full
suffrage in nine States and one terri
tory. Through that same good
medium we expect to win it
In all the rest of the States.
It is almost Impossible to
realize the change in the position of
women since this movement began.
Huey Stone was the first woman in
Massachusetts to take a college de
gree. Her brothers all were sent to
college, but when she asked to go her ;
father said, in all seriousness: "Is the 1
child crazy?" He refused to give her
a cent tor the purpose, and she i
picked berries, taught district school
and did anything else that came her;
Way to eurn money for a college j
course. It took her nine years to r
save enough. Then she went west to i
Oberlin, the only American college
that admitted women.
At Oberlin in that day existed an in- 1
stitution known as the "Ladies'
Board " composed of the wives of the .
faculty. Young Lucy was frequently
calh d b- fore tills august body to be
admonished. The colored people of
Oberlin got up u celebration on the
anniversary of the emancipation of
West Indian negroes. They asked i
Huey to speak, and she did so. The i
Lad cs' Board summoned her next !
day and told tier she had done an un- 1
womanly and unscriptural deed. ,
Fort' years after her graduation \
Oberlin invited Lucy Stone to speak |
at its semi-centennial celebration.
I'lr-it Woman Clergyman.
In Oberlin at the same time was a
kindred spirit, Antoinette Brown,
later the first woman clergyman in
America, and today Rev. Antoinette!
Brown Blackwell, of Elizabeth, N. J. I
Wi, n Antoinette applied for per- |
mission to enter the theological
school <'. cry effort was made to pre
vent her. But Oberlin's charter was
clear, and she could not he excluded.
She distinguished herself in her
studies, hut her name was not printed
In the list of theological graduates
till man; years later. But more than
half a century ufter her graduation |
Oberlin made her a D.Tb. Today there
are 3.403 women ministers in the I
United States, and one of them, Rev. j
Anna Howard Shaw, president of the i
National Woman Suffrage Assocla- j
tion. has preached in nearly every ,
great ciiy of Europe and America.
At about the same t’me that Euey i
Stone uns shocking the good ladies!
of Oberlin, the first woman in the j
world entered a medical college and
graduated as a practitioner of medi
cine. Her name was Elizabeth Black
well. and she entered the medical
school at Geneva, N. Y. The people I
of Genova thought she was either dis- |
reputable or insane: either "mad or,
bad:” and women drew their skirts'
nside when they met her on the street. I
When getting her experience in the
hospital wards of the Blockley Alms
hc-use. Philadelphia, the resident phy
sicians would walk out of the ward
when she » ntered it, and refused to .
Write the diagnosis and treatment of I
the case on the cnrrt at the head of !
each bed, in order to deprive her of
nil assistance. When she started to
practise medicine in New York, she;
was hounded from one boarding- !
house to another on Manhattan, be- j
cause as soon as the other women j
found out who she was. they would
go to the landlady and tell her that
if she kept such a woman in her |
house they would all leave.
A few months ago her historic di- |
p'om.i from Geneva was accepted ns i
a valuable gift by Queen Margaret’s ;
College in Glasgow. In memory of the
fact that she was the first woman In ,
tin- world to win a medical degree, !
and the first registered woman physt- i
clan in Gr“at Britain. Today there ■
are 7.3S7 women physicians In the i
United States.
New York State First.
The first government in modern his
tory to pass an act giving married,
women control of their own property
end earnings was that of New York
State. While that bill was In the
legislature a young country sohnpl
teacher of New York State, named
Susan It. Anthony, circulated a peti
tion for the passage of the bill At
each house she visited she wished to
secure the signature of the lady of
iha house, the married woman.
\vh s legal status was to tie raised
nrd improved. And in each case,
1 en the lady of the house found out
. hi t it was that this girl wanted,
■ slammed the door in the visitor’s
face.
The great State of New York did
T ot sfai d with thoso good wives and
Mothers whp slammed the door in
Mia« Anthony’s tace. It stood, in
.1,1(1. with the unknown young eotin
try echoo! teacher and passed the first
married women's property act, an act
whlcn has since he»n copied by many
M - 1 ' /
I
of the most enlight ncd States and
countries in the world
The first free pu'dic school in this
country was at Dorchester, Mass.
That school ran for 100 years before
a girl set her foot Inside of it. T o
men who conducted public affal s if
that day would have though hey
were wasting the money i f th > tax
payers to use it to pay teachers to
teach girls.
The earliest city to establish a sys
tem of free graded schools was Bos
ton. And for years aft r those echo, is
were established the only h. ur of the
day when the girls could go was be
tween 12 and 1 at no n when the
boys were home at their dinners and
the girls could go 'In and get a 1 ttle
reading and writing. It to k a long
and bitter agitation to get thos grade
schools opened to the girls, a d a
longer and more bitter one to get the
high schools opened to them. And
the echoes have scarcely died out of
the controversy that raged over the
quest'on whether American gris
ought to be permitted to go to oji.
lege or not. One of the objects of
the Virginia Equal Suffrage Asso la
tion in this year of grace, 1914 is
to open the University of Vir in.a,
for the support of which women are
taxed, to women thems iv^s.
Archives of colonial Massachusetts
show that in the seventeenth cen
tury wives of the most prominent
men of the colony, governors, college
professors, men who made history,
could not write their own names
Their "marks" are under their signa
tures on old legal papers.
Hose Turned on Them.
The first speakers for woman suf
frage had the hose turned on them
more than once. They were stoned
in public, in this land of the free;
they had mud and rotten eggs thrown
at them. When Abliy Kelley Fos
ter was appointed upon a committee
of the Anti-Slavery Society the so
ciety split into two organizations over
the affair. When Antoinette Brown
was appointed a delegate to a world’s
temperance cqnvention in New York,
the other delegates, mostly ministers,
yelled almost continuously for two
days to prevent her speaking. It |
made great stories in the New York
papers of that date.
In the light of these stirring events
how mild and joyous seem the suf
frage campaigns of today. No won
der Jersey suffragists can smile at
the naive and ingenious opposition of
the Hon. John A. Matthews, who has
appointed himself the guardian of the
American home. No wonder that the
logic of those good ladies who leave
their homes to proclaim from the pub
lic platform that woman's place is in
the home draws oa. reminiscent
chuckle from the suffragists. Wo
have opened the schools, we have
opened the colleges, we have opened
the professions, we have secured the
modification and modernization of
many of those old, barbarous provis
ions of the common law relating to
women, we have won the full vote In
nine States and one Territory and the
Presidential and municipal vote in
another, and nothing can discourage
us. We know that we are going to
win all the other States in time be
cause we know history. After history
has been going all in one direction for
sixty years it does not suddenly turn
around and go the other way. We
shall undoubtedly lose many cam
paigns before the last State is won,
but we know we shall win them all
in time. Our grandmothers opened
the schools. Our mothers opened the
colleges and professions.
In each generation certain women
secured new rights and privileges to
pass on to the women who came
after. It is for us to secure political
equality. That is the task for our
day and generation. It is thus that
the torch of liberty is passed on from
hand to hand down the generations.
Of the nine American States in
which women have the full franchise
—Wyoming, Colorado, L’tnh. Idaho,
Washington, Oregon, California, Ari
zona and Kansas—all hut Wyoming
have come in since 1893. Five have
come in since 1910. Three came in
on election day, 1912. Since the Con
gress granted the vote to the women
ot Alaska and the Legislature of
Illinois granted the women of thnt
State Presidential and municipal suf
frage.
Kupld spread.
It is evident that our movement is!
growing by leaps and bounds. On |
election day next November the men
of five States—Montana, Nebraska, |
Nevada, North Dakota and South
Dakota—will vote on this question. |
We fully expect several of these j
States to carry. It is unthinkable
that Illinois women, possessing the
vote for President and city officials,
should long lack the vote in State
elections. With every fresh State the
number of electoral votes, the number
of Senators and Congressmen, affect
ed by the votes of women is increased.
Within a year the status of our
movement will undoubtedly be
greatly changed for the better. Then
in 1915 comes the great year when
the question will go to the vote In
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
Massachusetts and Iowa.
It is because of this prospective
submission of an equal suffrage
amendment to the New Jersey Con
stitution in 1915 that the movement
has Increased so marvelously in this
State Binco the passage of our bill
in the winter of 1913. It is a striking
evidence of the sentiment which may
lie dormant and unknown, when it
isn’t possible to get anything. When
the hour for action comes, when suc
cess for the first time becomes pos
sible, friends whose existence was
unsuspected spring up on every side.
Equal suffrage has passed out of the
realm of academic thought in New
Jersey to a place among the ques
tions of the day.
We have no doubt as to the leg's
latlve end of our work. It is not be
lievable that a bill which has pa sed
two sessions of the New Jersey t eg
islature, 49 to 5 in the House, and
14 to 5 in the Senate In 1913, bv an
turn larger majority in both home*
in 1914 and which stands endorsed i
the platform of every political arty
In this State, should fail next winter.
What the voters will do w th our
bill in 1915 we do not know We
hope that New Jersey, the battle
ground of the Revolution, wll> h the
first State to ’break the solid Ea> t."
We hope thnt this State, the only
one to grant its property-holdi g
women the right to vote In Revolu
tionary times, will he the first Ea tern
State to show that its men posses the
same confidence in their uumr ns
the men of the West have shown In
Colonial days and In the early years
of the Union, manhood suffrage was
very much restricted tn th's cotintrv,
and old pictures of election s 'eres p
Pennsylvania show the voters at the
polls being terrorized bv the m ’* s
of Its franchised men who thr*> fet
ed them with clubs and stones in or
der to compel them to vote a the
non-voters wished. The disfranchised
women of New Jersey will not use
such harsh means to carry the elec
tion on the suffrage nmendm nt In
1915. They will do the one thing tha'
women have always done in this
country. They will speak the faith
that Is tn them to the hest of the r
ability from now till the day when
the question deahUd. and than t**
SOME PROMINENT NEWARK SUFFRAGISTS AND OTHER LEADERS
No. 1. Mrs. Miclael O'Shnughnessy, of Short Hills, vice-president Women’s Political Inlon of New Jersey. No. 2. Mrs. Abraham Van Winkle, president of the Women’s Political Inlon of
New Jersey. No. 3. Mrs. Emma L. Richards, president of the Essex County Suffrage Society. No. 4. Mrs. F. E. Sturgis, of Westfield, vice-president of the Women's Political t nion of New Jer
sey. No. fi. Mrs. Horatio It. Heed, of Leonla.. vlir-president of the Women’s Political I nion of New Jersey. No. 6. Jane Addams. of Chicago, vice-president National Suffrage Association.
No. 7. Miss Kate Louise Roberts, of Newark. No. H. Mrs. Frank 11. Sommer, of Newark. No. 9. Mrs. Minnie J. Rey nolds, of Newark, secretary of Women's Political 1 nion. No. 10. Miss frlorenee L.
Haines, of Newark. ___ _ j
lieve that the men of New Jersey will
do the Juet, the fair and the generous
thing.
Why do we want to vote?
Why T
We want it for just the same rea
sons that men want it; to use when
our interests demand it; to have a
hand in the government that rules
us; as a mark of citizenship and
equality.
We want it because it is a disadvan
tage to belong to a disfranchised
class. It Is because women do not
realize this that so many of them are
Indifferent to suffrage. But women
who have had it for a while realize
the difference very fully. It is impos
sible td get it away from them then.
We want it because it is a thing
worth having. Every intelligent man
realizes that. He may let election
days gc by without using his ballot, j
but were it seriously proposed to dis
franchise the class to which he be
longed he would be ready to fight In
a minute.
We want it because the use of the
ballot has been very educational to
men, and we demand that educational
influence for our own sex.
We want it because it is a benefit to
the state to have the mother element
extended into the conduct of public
affairs.
We want it because we don't like
the company that men have relegated
us to politically. Idiots, convicts,
children and women are forbidden to i
vote.
We want it because large numbers
of our sex are working in the trades
and industries, under conditions con
trolled hy politics.
We want it because the mothers in
the homes are the class occupied in
rearing the future generations; and
so important a class as this should
have direct influence in politics.
As to what we will do with the j
vote after we get it. nobody can
pledge the votes of the women of a
State. We offer no platform and we j
promise no specific achievements. We j
can promise only that nothing in
jurious will result. And this is |
proved by the progress of our cause
In the sections where It has risen.
The germ of equal suffrage sprouted
spontaneously in three sections of
the globe, Western America. Scandi
navia and Australia. In each section
it has spread from one State to the
next, always among people who knew
it best.
It Is not people three thousand miles
away, who have no personal knowl
edge of the workings of this thing,
who have given the vote to their
women. It is the very nearest States
that know perfectly well what <s
going on just across the border.
Does not this argue that the Ameri
can home still pers'sts beyond the
Mississippi, and that the men of the
West are just as comfortable and
well fed as they ever were?
As for New Jersey, the Women’s
Political T'nion has increased the
number of Its branches from four to
thirty-nine within the past year, and
the New Jersey Woman Suffrage As
sociation has had an equally phen
omenal growth. With malice to
wards none, with charity for all
even the antis—with faith In the
men of New Jersev. we are pressing
on to victory in 1915.
Snow Joke.
There was a physician long ago,
Who hired a man to shovel snow;
But instead of a shovel he gave him
a hoe,
For he was a "hoe-me-a-path,” you
know. _
It’s A Treat
to eat your meals when
you know there is no
danger of g
BLOATING
HEARTBURN
BELCHING
m HEADACHE ~
NAUSEA OR
INDIGESTION
and this privilege is yours
if you will only assist the
V dige#ive organs by the g
use of
HOSTEITER’S
a STOMACH BITTERS m
It helps Nature correct all
Stomach, Liver & Bowel
iiu, --a
Cbe Declaration of lndependence-1914 |
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one-half the people to dissolve the -
political bondage which has held them subject to the other half of the people, and to assume the ss parate ^
and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the d
opinions of mankind rtquires that they should declare the causes which impel them to freedom. d
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men and women are created equal, that they are en h
dowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit ^
of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments should be instituted among both men and women, n
deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government be- q
comes destructive of these ends it is the right of the people—women people as well as men people—to alter ^
or abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its jj
powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect safety and happiness of all the people, r
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long e-tablished should not he changed for light and tran- 4
sient causes, and accordingly all experience has shown that womankind are more disposed to suffer, while .
evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But '
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to keep ■
them under absolute subjection, although tbey are spiritually and morally ready for freedom, it is their
right, it is their duty, to throw off such subjection and to provide new guards for their future security and ]
the security of their children. *
Such has been the patient endurance of the women of this country; and such is now the necessity H
which constrains them to demand an alteration in the system of government. The history of our govern- ^
ment is a history of repeated injustices to women (as wives, mothers and wage-earners) and of repeated ^
usurpations by men, many of them with the avowed object of protecting women. But the direct result has
been the establishment of a government which benefits by the knowledge and experience of only one-half H
of the people, and which cannot fully represent the interests and the needs of the other half of the people. «
In every stage of these oppressions we have peritioned for redress in the most humble terms, begin- 1
ning even before the Constitution of the United States was adopted. Our repeated petitions have frequent- -i
ly been answered by ridicule and by repeated injustice. We have appealed to the native fairness and mag- h
nanimity of men, that they disavow these usurpations which inevitably render less dignified, honest and ^
harmonious the relations between men and women. Men have too long been deaf to this voice of justice H
and honor, but many are now joining with us in our refusal to acquiesce longer in this unwarrantable H
sovereignty over us and over our children. !j
We, therefore, the women citizens of the United States of America, assembled today throughout the ]j
nation, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our intentions, do in the name and •$
by the authority of the organized womanhood of America demanding enfranchisement, solemnly publish and j
declare that women ought to be politically free. j
Here and now, in this glorious springtime of the year, under the azure skies of hop-', in the sunshine jj
of life and enlightenment, we dedicate ourselves to the great work we have undertaken and go forward to r
victory remembering that in unity there is strength, a,;d that not even the prejudices of the ages, nor the ^
powers of entrenched political privilege can keep in continual disfranchisement half of the citizens of our 1
country when their rights are demanded by the intelligent, patriotic and united womanhood of the land.
Women of America, this is our country; we have the same devotions to its institutions as that half of Ij
the citizenship that is permitted to govern it. We love the flag, and it means as much to us as it does to the ^
men of our nation. Women have made, and women will make, as many sacrifices for the honor and glory i
of these United States as those of her citizens who have all the rights and privilege of the suffrage. Given 4
our full citizenship and allowed to share in the government, we will be as jealous of the honor and in- ^
tegrity of our country as we have been in the past, when in countless ways we have shown our devotion to ^
the life of the nation, to the liberty of its citizens and to the happiness of all the people.
HEAD OF LOCAL JUNIOR
LEAGUE EXPLAINS AIMS
Miss Anna E. Horn Says Organization Hopes to Get Young
Women Wage-Earners Interested in Suffrage Question.!
Urges Minimum Wage Rate for Women in New Jersey.
Tells Power of the Ballot.
-—
To enlighten the wage-earning girl
with regard to the purposes of the
woman suffrage movement Is the aim
of the Newark Junior Suffrage
League. Miss Anna E. Horn, presi
dent of the league, today explained
the object of the league as follows
"The Newark Junior Equal Suf
frage League is endeavoring to en
lighten particularly the wage-earn.ng
girl what woman suffrage really
means! What a groat power the bal
lot is! It Is not the mere placing of a
piece of paper in a box that we are
striving for, but that we may have a
voice in the government and express
that voice at election time by the
use of the ballot.
A short time ago a minimum wage
law was passed in a city in the State
of Washington placing 010 per ween
ns the minimum wage for women. It
is to be hoped that minimum wage
laws for women wilt he passed in our
own State, thus enabling every work
ing girl to earn at least a wage
whereby she can live decently.
"Some people will tell you that the
ballot is greatly overestimated; that
your vote is only one of a great
many, etc. If that Is the case why
is it that women have to fight so long
and hard to get It? It is still fresh
in the minds of the public how juat
by one vote a member of this leave
did not get the appointment to a civil
service position, the vote standing
four In favor and live against, which
only proves how very important one
vote really Is. •
Daffodils and Red Roses
Worn in Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA. 'Stay 2.-LocaI
suffragists paraded through the cen
tral part of the city and held a
mass meeting! In Washington Square
as their part In the nation-wide dem
onstration today in the interest of
votes for women. Several thousand
women and scores of men took part
in the parade. The suffragists and
their supporters wore daffodils, while
the ‘‘antis” scattered along the line of :
march showed their disapproval of
the movement by wearing red roses, j
In Washington Square standsw an j
erected and addresses were made by
Beatrice Forbes, Robertson Hale.
Judge C. N. Brwfnm, a candidate for
the Progressive nomination for gov
ernor of Pennsylvania, and others.
Mrs. G. B. Shaw Among
Paraders at Boston
BOSTON, May 2.—Fair weather,
following heavy rains which had
beaten down the dust, gave agreeable
machine conditions for the woman
suffrage parade here today. The 7,000
paraders Included several hundred
men. Among the visiting suffragists
who accepted invitation to join in the
march were Mrs. George Bernard
Shaw and Miss Lena Ashwell, of
England, and Mrs. Moritz Barth, rep
resenting the suffrage State of Colo
rado.
Officials of the State Anti-Suffrage
Society distributed thousands of red
roses, wh'ch were worn by their sym- j
pathizers during the progress of the I
parade.
Demonstration in Kansas City
KANSAS CITT, May 2—Kansas
City’s demonstration for woman suf
frage took place today. Its climax is
expected to be reached when a parade
of 100 motor cars, carrying adherents
of the cause, will traverse the down
town district and the residence sec
tion. The parade was planned to start
at S o'clock, preceded by a motoreycl-'
escort of police and led by the "Old
Kansas Guard," made up of women
w ho were foremost in obtaining suf
frage for Kansas.
T _
SORE, TIREO FEET
“TIZ” makes sore, burning, tired
feet fairly dance with delight. Away
go the aches and pains, the corns,
callouses, blisters and bunions.
"TIZ".* draws
out tne acios
and poisons
that putt up
your feet. No
matter how
hard you
work, h o w
long you dance,
how far you
walk, or how
ion g you re
main on your
feet, "T I Z"
brings restful
foot comfort.
"Liz. is wonderful for tired, aching,
swollen, smarting feet. Tour feet
just tingle for joy; shoes never hurt
or seem tight.
Get a 25 cent box of "TIZ" now
from any druggist or department
store. End foot torture forever
wear smaller shoes, keep your fe»t
fresh, sweet and happy. Just think!
* whole year's foot comfort for only
25 cents.
SPEECHES MURK

(Continued teem First Page.)
frage Society and the Junior Equal
Suffrage League will hold their ex
ercises at the band stand in Military
Park. A number of p.ominent men
and women will talk. Edmund B. j
Osborne, one of the Progressive can
didates for Governor at the last elec
tion. will deliver the principal speech,
taking for his top c "Votes for
Women In 1915—Why?”
To Head Declaration.
The same organizations will also
hold joint exercises in the evening
I at 7:30 o’clock at the head of the
park near the flagpole. The speakers
will talk from an automobile at the
curb. A bugler will play "The New
America’’ and the members of both
organizations will sing the song
"The Declaration of Independence of l
1914" will be read. i
The Women’s Political Union will
also conduct evening exercises. A
“Flying Squadron" of automobiles,
carrying speakers, will tour the city \
and stop at various points to hold
meetings. __
room TEAMS
IN ANNUAL MEET
Educators from Eastern States
Holding Conference at
Princeton.
[Special t® the Evening Star.J
PRINCETON. May 2.—Educator*
from all over the Eastern section of
the coutry met here today In th®
fae faculty room at Nassau Hall to
attend the closing session of tha
twelfth annual spring meeting of
the Association of History Teachers
of the Middle Atlantic States and
Maryland. Many guests and pupil*
were present.
"The Value of Hesearch in Local
History" was the geeral topic of the
morning session. Professor John H.
Latant, of Johns Hopkins University,
spoke on “The Significance of Local
History;" Professor p. O. Ray, of th®
Pennsylvania State College, made an
address on "Topics of State-Wide In
terest Which Are Fruitful for Re
search;' Professor William H. Alli
son, of Colgate University, spoke on
"Historv iin the Country Church.'*
"The Significance of Princeton**
Local History" was the topic chosen
by Professor fire ■ert M. McElroy, of
Princeton University.
Late this afternoon the election of
officers will take place, and the mem
bers of the association will be tha
guests of the university at a luncheon
In the graduate college The session
will close with a lecture on "The
Battle of Princeton.” by Professor
William M Sloane, of Columbia Uni
versity This lecture will be given as
part of a pilgrimage over the battle
field. ^ T:
New York Suffragists
Hold Meetings in Place
of the Annua] Parade
KEW YORK, May 2.—With hun
dreds of workers in automobiles and
on foot throughout the five boroughs
of the greater city, the suffragists of
New York observed suffrage day in
open-air meetings in place of the an
nual parade. From a genera! meet
ing in Washington Square speakers
and prominent members of the seven
great suffrage organizations in New
York scattered to different section# of
the city where they held neighborhood
meetings.
All the organizations will meet
again tonight at a mass-meeting in
Carnegie Hall, to be held under the
auspices of the Women's Political
Union. Mayor Mitchell will open the
meeting by’ welcoming the delegates
from all parts of the State. Senator
Shafroth, of Colorado, and Mss
Katherine B. Davis, commissions of
correction, were among the speaker*.
Rochester Buffalo. Troy and Syra
cuse held celebrations much on the
order of that in New York city.
There are sixty-five up-State town*
and those whose plans are known
celebrated with parades or in other
ways. In Geneva the suffragists dis
tributed suffrage literature among the
local storekeepers, to be sent out wlta
| their package® today.
Brick Made of Peat
In Sweden small buildings are b#*
lng erected of brick made of prat.
The brick are either plastered in be
tween cement supports, or are laid
in plaster as ordinary brick made of
clav These peat bricks are being
used as a substitute for wood in the
construction of buildings of no great
size The process of manufacturer*
the peat bricks has been patented —
Popular Mechanic#__ ^
“VOTES FOR N. J. WOMEN”
AND WHY IT SHOULD BE
Miss Emma L. Richards, Essex County Leader in Suffrage
Movement, Declares It Is Time Women Should Be Granted
Right to Make Own Laws—Men Now Doing Messenger Ser
vice-Sense of Injustice Is Felt Under Present System.
BY EMMA L. RICHARDS
President of the Essex Bounty suffrage
Society.
Votes for women In New Jersey
would mean that the men of New Jer
sey would be relieved of the respon- .
sibilitv of representing the women In
the affairs of government. In the
davs when might was r ght the man
was the natural protector of the
woman and so he very easily took
upon himself the task of speaking at
the polls through his ballot, not only
for h ms. If. but also for all the wom
en of his household. Is it quite fair
to the men of New Jersey that they
be expected to continue- to do this
when the woman is w ell fitted by edu
cation and knowledge of affairs to
do it for herself? Do New Jersey
men Still Wish to do messenger ser
vice for the women at the polls on
election day" The women themselves
have awakened to a sense of the In
justice of continuing to impose this
unnecessary task upon mere man.
“Give us the ballot they say. “and
we will take a little of our leisure
"time to go to the polls to register
our opinion on affairs governmental
and so represent ourselves. We will
even forego some social pleasures
that we may study into the tntricate
affairs of government, so knotty that
they puzzle and perplex the mascu
line’ mind Why not bring a little
feminine Intuition to bear upon
them once in a w hile and we will try
to prepare ourselves for intelligent
citizens!) p.
It's the springtime of the year, and
the womanly Instinct of housekeep
Two Miles of Marchers
and Women’s Cavalry in
Chicago Suffrage Parade
CHICAGO, May 2.—Two solid miles
of women marchers, with bands to
lead the way. and a division of women
cavalry bringing up the rear, made
up the Chicago suffrage parade to
day. The organizers were determined
that the part of this city in he na
tion-wide demonstration for woman
suffrage should be worthy of the
cause and adequate expression of en
thusiasm of women in the largest city
In which they have the franchise.
The parade was scheduled for 5 p.
m. to give workers a chance to as
semble at the starting place.
As in the other suffrage parades,
men were urged to Join the marchers
and many responded. They carried
flags.
Mitch difficulty was found in mak
ing arrangements for the use of the
boulevard and park. The commis
sioners finally, after declining to allow
Grant Park on the lake front in the
downtown district IB" oi usid for a
grand rally, permitted reviewing
stands to be erected in the park and
ordered the boulevard cleared for the
parade. Governor Dunne promised ts
review the marchers., 1
Ing naturally Interests itself in the
spring housecleaning, not only in the
house and garden, but also in the
street in which she lives and the city
and community of which she is a
part. Would it not seem logical that
practical housewives could render
effic pm service In the municipal
housecleaning, if there is need for
such.’
And in the larger affairs of the
nation why should not the woman
have her part in voic.ns her opinion’
Just now we feel that the great ma
jority of them would re-echo General
Grant's famous slogan. "Let us have
peace" among ourselves and with
other nations The mothers who
know the value of human lives pro
test against the unnecessary sacri
fice of their sons to the god of war.
When women are granted the right
to voice their op n;ons effectively at
the polls instead of through indirect
influence
“Then shall we see
In this fair land of light.
Justice and Truth and Right
Ruling tnstead of Might.
Trust Liberty!"
e. - - -. - ——■—rag—
To Restore
Good Health
The first thing to do is to cor
rect the minor ailments caused
by defective or irregular action
of the organs of digestion and
elimination. After these or
gans have been put in good
working order by timely use of
BEECHAM’S
PILLS
m* Ury-il Salt •* boy bi WwM)
better digestion results, and tfeen
the food really nourishes and
strengthens the body. The first
dose gives relief and sounder sleep,
quieter nerves, and improved action
of all the bodily organs are caused
by an occasional use of Beecham’s
Pills. They give universal satisfac
tion and in safety, sureness and
quickness of action Beecham’s Pitta
Have No
Known Equal
S—Id —-ri wk,li. U boa— lOc.. He
Tk. dir—ti—u with or—*
bos —» »«ry In»»b7. _

xml | txt