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! * JAMES SMITH. JR FOt’NDED M AK< II 1. IMS ■ . i ■ ■ .1 Published everv afternoon, Sundays excepted, by tlib Newark Dolly Advertiser Publishing Company. - Entered as second-class matter. February 4, 190$, at the Post* office, Newark. __ . ^"Member of tte Associated Press and American Newspaper Publishers' Association. • MAIN OFFICE.Rranford place and Nutria street. *■- Phone WOO Market. _ ' ORANGE OFFICE... .171) Main at., orau^*. Phone 4 Dr.intfe HARRISON OFPTCI7..".24 Harrison avenue, Earrlsou. Phone 2167 M Harrison __ ... Bfn(lfll1l *r SUMMIT OFFICE.75 Union place. IMione 104.* \V 8umnm “IRVINGTON OFFICE..1027 SprlngtielU are. Jb l CHICAGO OFFICE.. 2la .1 Fif?h ,.v^ »XICW YORK OFFICE. .Northwest cor. 28th st. .nut I Ifth are. * ATLANTIC CITY.The Dorland Advertising A.'lKV BOSTON OFFICE....201 Devonshire street. Mail Subscription Kates (Postage Prepaid WUhln the Postal Union): One year. *:;.00: sir months, 51.50: three months. 75 certs: I #ne month, 25 cents. #iIA iimmrea tv Delivered by carriers in any part of Newark. thoOnin^xn. •-Harrison, Kearny. Montclair, ll loom Held and h1 «»towns. Subscriptions may be sent to tliejnain orj^rnn' n VOLUME IrWMII.—SO. 1«0* _ FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 9, 1914. __ WHERE WE WOl'f.D BE APPRECIATED. 5 Now wc hear that even should Huerta retire from 'the scenes of activity and leave Mexico, the people oi that, country will not be satisfied unless the Americans agree to occupy Mexico City and establish peace and •maintain order there. War would be preferable to ^Huerta quitting, thereby leaving Villa and his band to —perpetrate atrocities, to slay, to loot, to spread i uin broadcast ami devastate generally. Better fight and die fighting with Huerta than sub Clfiit to the tender mercies of Villa, is the meaning con veyed. J Docs this signify that the United States is expected to accept Huerta’s war legacy, shoulder his quarrel with the Constitutionalists and finish his light with Villa's forces’ V' £, » It is being hinted that we must, do something like Vhis. The Mexicans involved itt the war trouble, while "hating Americans, feel that their lives and property would be safe with Americans in charge of affairs. ,AVe are to teach good behavior and prevent the Mexi cans from killing each other.» I Rumor has it that Huerta, to annoy and injure j ft • -Americans, is transferring mining and other property : leases to the English. If this can be verified, it would | be an easy matter to communicate the facts to the ; —mediators, who could persuade England to advise her j subjects to enter into no property deals of the nature •described. Retaining our warships at Tampico, to protect and ‘-’reassure our people there, is one good move taken by Ahe war department. The folly of withdrawing the Jveaaela was clearly pointed out some days ago. THE WHITE HOlSE WEDDING. « * To describe the wedding of Miss Eleanor Wilson, .daughter of the President of the United States, to .William Gibbs MeAdoo, secretary of the treasury,' JVhich took place yesterday evening, as an affair j marked by simplicity, could not in the very nature of' things be a description sustained by truth. For no luatrimopial event in the historic Blue Room of the j ■•White House can bi a simple one. it may be unos hr, ... •tentatious by comparison, but the solemnity, the im portance, the interest and tlie traditions will be ever present to lend an aroma of sweetness to the occasion. The ceremony of yesterday lacked the ostentation nnd display that featured the marriage of Miss Jessie -NVilson to Francis Bowes Sayre, and only for the reason that circumstances were different. Then a •condition of war did not confront the country and the "President's heart and mind were care-free. Now the j President’s mind and heart are burdened with troubles j Incident to a grave national situation and even the \ marriage of a daughter to a cabinet officer could not be made a festive event. ; But the spirit of joyousness pervaded the atmos •phere of the bridal hall, the fragrance inseparable from marriage ceremonies was in evidence and iiappi-, Jifcss was shown in the faces of all present. * * There were handsome women, magnificently gowned; there were men in fashionable attire; the bride, in a charming costume, was radiant and happy i and the floral decorations lent a beauty to the scene. ; ; The attention manifested in the wedding reflected "the interest the people of the United States have in their President, and his domestic as well as his official affairs. It demonstrated how close the hearts of the people of tlie nation are to the nation's head. * Official ties that bound President Wilson to Secre tary MeAdoo are now strengthened by those of kin ship. The event of yesterday is entered on history's roll as the fourteenth marriage ceremony in the Blue Room and tlie first wherein tlie daughter of a President and a cabinet officer were the contracting parties. HONORS TO THE NATION’S DEAD. * The funeral honors to be paid in Manhattan on j Monday to the bluejackets and marines killed in the 1 taking of Vi la Cruz will be national, and it is proper that this tribute should be paid iu the chief city of ! the nation. The splendid thoroughfare of Broadway £wtll be draped front end to end as a setting for the ! funeral cortege, and at least 2,000,000 spectators will I uncover as it passes. This is one of the spectacles that thrill people. In the long days of our great Civil War scenes like this were witnessed in cities. Then followed the briug ! ing home of the wounded, to be cared for in hospitals, i The nation got used to battle slaughter. Most of the j dead found graves on the battlefields, for, as the war I proceeded, transportation of bodies became impossible, j If there shall be a prolonged war in Mexico our dead ; will find interment in Mexican soil, where the bones of the killed in the armies of Scott and Taylor in 1846 | now rest. SICCEH8FIL EAST JERSEY JUGGLERY. The device by the East Jersey Water Company of securing from certain municipalities agreements by which they made the East Jersey a mere instrumental ity of the municipality in diverting water at Little Falls has been sustained as legal by the Chancery Court. When the Chancery Court decided that the East Jersey had no more than a squatter’s title at Little Falls and had no right to divert water from the Pas saic for sale to municipalities the East Jersey lawyers set about to create new conditions. There were many mysterious transfers of property among the subsid iaries of the company, and when these were effected the company approached several municipalities that had taken water from Little Falls to constitute the East Jersey its instrumentality in supplying the same. The object of the East Jersey to maintain its foot hold at Little Falis was made known, and the mu nicipal authorities knew what they were doing in entering into this arrangement, and nevertheless, under the influence of the company's agents, they made the agreements by which the Chancery Court has now been obliged, under the law, to leave the East Jersey in virtual possession of public rights to which it has no title whatever. \\ ADMINISTRATION APOLOGY. An apology by the administration to the American refugees from Tampico who were deserted by Ameri can warships under orders fron^ Washington and left for rescue by German and British warships was due, and it is made in a formal statement that doesn't ex plain why hundreds of Americau citizens in peril were abandoned. The story told by these refugees has had a pain ful effect on the public, mind, a fact that is now real ized at Washington. It is not. forgotten that our gov ernment showed entire indifference while its citizens were being outraged and murdered in Mexico, being stirred up only when a pugnacious Englishman was killed. The American public was patient and forbear ing while this policy was being carried out, but there is a limit, to forbearance. The spectacle of hundreds of American men, women and children left to mob Slaughter and saved only by foreign warships goes far beyond the limit. WHEN CONGRESS CAN ADJOURN. About this time last year Congress was looking forward to adjournment by July 1, but it didn’t ad journ until the regular session wa3 about to begin in December. It is now proposed to bare adjournment early in July, but “man proposes. God disposes.’’ The session mar be prolonged to the November elections. Congress cannot run away from its duty, The Mexican situation, tfust legislation and other im portant affairs of present moment must hold Con gress until tnere is an outcome. As long as the ad ministration watches and waits, so must Congress. But it will be a hard trial for the senators and representatives who are looking for renominatton and are uncertain about their fences at borne. The men who voted for the toils surrender bill have a deal of explaining to do. and they feel that the sooner they begin the job the better. SENATOR O'GORMA.V’8 SPEECH. During his three hours’ speech in the Senate yes terday Senator O’Gorman made a most masterly pres entation of the case against the proposed surrender of our canal rights to England. He took up and answered every argument that had been presented, and. In fact, nearly all the logic in support of the President's demand upon Congress had been aban doned anyhow, the administration senators taking refuge in the plea that free toll3 means subsidy. The New York senator has made a superb fight from the beginning for the national interests and honor against a combination of railroad and foreign interests and the Federal administration. He has fought a conspiracy of influences to sacrifice a great national asset to the dominating greed of a railroad and steamship combine. And he will be gratefully remembered by the American people. V CITY BEDEVILED WITH POLITICS. There will be a battle royal in the Jersey City election for commissioner in June between the fac tions for control of the commission majority. The Wittpenn faction has secured the support of the political chameleon, George L. Record, who may hope to get back his job of corporation counsel, from which he was ousted by Wittpenn, when elected mayor. .Meantime Record is going to the courts to cer tiorari the recent appointments made by the com mission. There is never any lack either of politics or litigation in the Jersey City government, and there Is enough ahead to last until the fall campaign begins. OPINIONS AND VIEWS FROM THE EXCHANGES * Industrial Peace In New England. f rom the Manchester l nion. ^ Jt i« peculiarly gratifying to every- ; *!oq£ in any way connected with New England, whether by birth or other wise. that the first of May found the Entire region busy and without a labor controversy of any importance Jjjtnywherc within its borders. In its factories, shops, on its railroads there JJJvas tio organized contention, and ap Sparently there was general satisfac tion and contentment, it is a tre mendously significant fact. Labor or ganizations are as strong and influ ential in New England ay they ever •were. Industry and tin- investment Jif capital have greatly increased in ^recent; years, and yet there is peace Jwjtwecn capital and labor, and thin Mitbout arrogance on the one hand !tpV supirunese or. the other. Labor in ..self-respecting in New Englapd and •j'apltal Ik considerate. Tbai is th «iniy logical conclusion from a knowl e-i dgo of the general facte, and thin Mpecially significant fact of harmony’ kfiiid peace on the once universally jjijf.ided Hrsi of May. -i r- Alieiin Add to Our Wealth. Strum the Chicago Tribune. During the year ISIS there entered the United Stales 387,495 alien men ;jc|jo had been either farmers or farm laborers In. the old world, according ,'fo„a writer In the Country (Jentlt Unan. Only two per cent, of these Jnfti went 'to work on farms here Pile rest crowded into our already -Jn'ercrowded cities. ',5 They did not go on farms where sjtfcbor is greatly needed and where ■’.JeJ'.-es. on the whole, average up as ♦;<md as lu Industry, hi cause the pos Jrifylltius in agriculture have been out of their vision- The “JfOYtrniiien. Uori in-. take the initia \ -»* * ive in telling the immigrant about | he opportunities on land. The alien's idvisers in the industrial centers, the 'oreign hankers, labor agents, saloon keepers, on the other hand, distinctly mcourage the alien to stay in the ■ities where he is a source of revenue .<> them. Different from the attitude of the] nited States toward the aliens is | hat of Canada. Canada selects its | mmigrants. The Canadian govern ncnt has agents aliroad for that pur- ! iose. It requires the alien to go to a <iven destination. He is even escorted to his new domicile. The initiative which tlie Canadian government takes in placing the immigrant on land, instead of allowing him to herd in the cities, adds materially to the wealth of the Dominion. Grade Crossings Passing. Flout tlio Washington Star. There is no slackening of public opinion in the matter of grade cross- j ings. On the contrary, public opin ion becomes more . and more pro nounced in opposition. In the local rows appeared the statement that "the town of Hyattsville won a vic tory over the Washington, Westmin ster and Gettysburg railway when the public service commission of Mary land decided that the road may cross Columbia avenue in Hyattsville only on an overhead crossing or below grade.” Washington and its •tvirons have stubbornly protested against the railway crossing at the grade of thor oughfares for pedestrians and teams. A number of dangerous crossings in the vicinity of Washington have al ready been made safe by bridges and •he Benning grade crossing Is doomed. Philadelphia is now rejoicing over what the newspapers in that city write of as "an important forward step in one of the most far-reaching improvements ever undertaken by Philadelphia.” There has been en tered into by that city and a number of railroads a contract generally called the ' South Philadelphia agree ment” which will result in the aboli tion of a number of grade crossings, characterized as insuperable obstacles to the city’s extension in one direc tion. The agreement calls for much more than the abolition of grade crossings, but this feature of the agreement is interesting to Washing ton—one of the tirst great American cities to make a successful fight against steam railroad tracks along and across city streets. Washington is always glad when another city • releases itself from the grade-crcssing evil. Philadelphia probably bus not suffered as much from this evil as have many other cities, for when Washington was in the throes of its campaign against t'he railroads here Philadelphia was pointer I to a.s an exam tie of how railroads could eliminate grad" cross ings If they wanted to and the ben efits which such elimination conferred upon a city. When many of Wash ington’s streets and avenues and a large acreage of federal parkland were given over to railroad tracks and freight yards, Philadelphia had been already freed, as the result of millions Of railroad expenditure of many of the grade crossings. Wash ington is always glad when a cily gets 'rid of a grade crossing because she feels that it may he one of the re sults of the greai crusade on which this city entered more than a genera tion ago, and which crusade, after years of warfare, resulted in streets and parks being freed from steam tracks, and which also resulted in the erection of one of the imposing rail road stations of the world, ODDITIES IN TODAY’S NEWS j| | Woman, 107. Scorns Idea of Dirt anil l ived Modes for Long Life. BALTIMORE, Md., May 8.—Mrs. Anna Poudor, who celebrated her 107th birthday at her home here yes l terday, does not believe that diets and fixed modes of living are a help to longevity. She says she has lived and eaten as she pleased all her life. The disposition to “make the best o£ what comes.” she avers, is | what makes life worth living tit seven years past the century mark. Mrs. Poudor was born near London, Eng land. She has no living relatives that she knows of and all her friends of younger days arc dead. Cyclone llurls Horse Into Tree Top: Rescued When Tree Is Cut Down. DANVILLE. Ills., May S.-^A cy clone that appeared suddenly las! evening and disappeared after go j ing but a short distance Hung a j horse into a tree-top and tore down [ several farm buildings. It was nec essary to cut the tree down to res cue the horse. glow Dying Hulks strike flnnned by Cofttii-inakcrs. NEW YORK, May 8.—There has been so little dying of late that the recently organized Coffin Makers’ I'nion of Crieater New York has de cided not to order a strike unless the mortality rate takes a jump. With tbc health rate of the city away up and the death rate correspondingly low, the executive committee of the union, decided that this was not an opportune time for the proposed walkout, so the union's demands have been sidetracked for a while. The union wanted higher wages per coffin and a shorter per coffin work day. ! The town of Rye is one of the most j beautiful survivals of medieval times. \ It is such a complete whole that not a single stone of it could be spared, says the London Chronicle. There is small wonder that this Old World town should have among its artistic and architectural treasures one of the most delightful old Tudor inns in the whole country. • The Mermaid is a complete and homogenous specimen of a Tudor house which has been loft unspoiled. The proprietress, whose name is not unknown as a writer of Action, has devoted much time and attention to earing for this old hostelry. £he has not only carefully kept all its features intact, but she lias unearthed a. great deal that has been hidden in I the past by those whose esthetic ! tastes were perhaps not so well de veloped, and she is as proud of her inn as any duchess or countess of j her Bond street milinery shop. Among the best known features of I the Mermaid is the beautiful dining room, with Its two carved stone flre j places and its "linen” paneling on the i walls. There are seven staircases I leading to different parts of the build : ing, and there is a maze of beautiful rooms, including one with paneled walls and an inscription on its dia mond panes of the pet name of a bygone King of France. Anotner interesting feature or me Mermaid is the “smugglers’ well,” which runs from roof to basement. It was used to get rid of contraband goods when the preventive, men were hot upon the trail. A great deal of Tudor stonework of rose pattern, which had been covered with plaster, has also been found, together with some fresco work and two secret chambers concealed in a large chim ney. Other days there may have been, when so far as its owners were con cerned. you might go or stay away as you pleased. Now any traveler or visitor, be ho or she golfer, artist or tourist, will not only find tho warmest of welcomed, but will also experience that deep sense of har mony whic 1 is best enjoyed when to creature comforts is added the sooth ing charm of beautiful surroundings. Origin of Bucketshop Frank Harris's new play, "The Bucket Shop,” sets a correspondent asking- for the derivation of this phrase. It arose In Chicago, when the market authority forbade any dealing in options of less than 5,000 bushels of grain, says the London Chronicle. To catch the man of small means an "Open Board of Trade," as it called itself, began business in rooms di rectly tinder the offices of the regular authority. When business was slack in the official rooms a member would sometimes refer to the small specu lators down below with the remark: -Til send down and get a bucketful,” and this small market jest gradually resulted in the application of <rthe name bucket shop to all outside brok ers. A Work-a=Day Hero Only the other day a great steel l eant was being brought up to a giddy height by hoisting apparatus. As it passed a girder on which several men were at work the beam turned just enough to push one of them oft, says Harpers’ Weekly. The man seized the beam and was swung far over the street. His weight gradually moved down the end of the girder to which he clung, and in a few moments he would have been thrown off, when a fellow workman sprang for the other end, thus balancing it, and together they were lowered to the ground. Never Mind the Expense. Kedd—X see horse-hair automobile tires have been patented by a French inventor. Greene—They won’t do for the New riches. Nothing but camel’s hair tires will suit them.—Yonkers States man. Reoenge I've quit a-goin’ to Sunday school I’m goin’ to be as bad As Captain Kidd or Nero was. Or Jimmy Meyer’s dad. I'm goin’ to be so awful mean I’m sure to go to h-, And when I see the devil, then I’ll go to him an’ tell How that ol' man what catches dogs Came by our house one day An’ coaxed Sport right into his net An’ then drug him away. An’ then I’ll say, “Good devil, please, I’ve come down here to work. I’m just as strong as any man, An’ I will never shirk, If you’ll just let me tend th6 fire An’ keep it good an’ hot Wher you have put that wicked man Who took away old Sport! —Human Review. NEW NEWS OF YESTERDAY A Senator's Opinion of His Fellows’ Oratorical Powers About a week before the retirement from the United States Senate of William \V. Eaton, of Connecticut, in the spring of 1S81. I passed an hour or two with him in reminiscent and kindly chat relating to his experience with Senators of distinction who were his colleagues In the single term dur ing which he served. The conversation drifted to the sub ject of public speaking, and I said to Senator Eaton that T knew he great ly admired Senator Itoscoe Conkling's brilliant gifts as an orator. The Senator sa^d that lie had once had a conversation of considerable length with ConkJing at a time when the latter was in a mood to chat about some of his experiences in the Sen ate. 1 think, from something the Senator said, that ho was disposed to regard with high favor Senator Matt Car penter, of*Wisconsin, as an orator. Senator Eaton said to me that it was a little singular that several men who gained great, reputation, and deserved it, as orators, were ed ucated at the West Point Military Academy. “There is,” he said. ”iv> classical education, as we understand the term, at West Point; yet some of the great students of oratory have insisted that no man is so perfectly trained as to make success us an orator possible, if he have the other qualifications, unless lie has learned title classics and keeps up daily as sociation with them. He spoke of Senator Carpenter s beautiful voice and of the peculiar melodious quality which was in it that never degenerated into .sing song or monotony. He told me that Sena tor Carpenter was well equipped physically for triumph as an orator and that he always listened to the Senator's speeches with admiration because his diction was masterly. He told me that he regarded Sen ator Thurman as a more telling speaker, from some [mints of view, than he would have been had he pos sessed oratorical charm. There was always the note of sincerity in Thur man's speeches. He was never ob scure. His words reflected his clear ness of thinking. I don't think Sen ator Eaton enrod much about any of the orators upon the Republican side of the House. 1 mean by that men who had gained reputations for bril liant oratorical gifts. I asked him if he read the class ics, and he told me that he rare ly turned to them, excepting that he now and then read soma of the great English dramatists and writers. He had never consciously formulated a style. He had tried to obtain mas tery over bis voice so that he could, by reason of inflection, convey his meaning. He told me that he bad discovered that if a speaker took care of his consonants the vowels would take care of themselves, Hr summed it all UP by saying that if he hud gained any success ns a speaker it was chiefly due to one principle, from which he never devi ated. Not at any time had he spoken in violation of his sincere . convic tions. Not one of his speeches re flected anything but sincerity of pur pose, and he declared very earnestly that he had long ago come to the conclusion that the iirst qualifica tion for the, oratory which is to con vince is that it'must represent and voice absolute sincerity of thought. J Korea’s Ancient Ironclads j George Kennun, explorer and lec turer, recently communicated to the National Geographic Society at Wash ington the information that Korea built steel-clad battleships 250 years before the Monitor and Merrimae, says the Kansas City Star. -The Her mit Kingdom was using movable type and astronomical instruments from the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries and employing explosive bombs long before they were known in Europe. He points out that the famous Jap anese Satsuma pottery was made originally by Korean workmen, who were imported into the Mikado’s king dom. These facts are cited by Ate. Ken nan to show the terrific downfall ex perienced by Korea. Ib* traces its course from its pinnacle of civilization tf. the depths of degeneracy, and ex presses great hopes for its future un der the guidance of Japan. “While Korea was sinking Japan was rising, until tile island kingdom, all by its own efforts, became such a world power as to defeat a great European nation,” he says. "The Koreans were a mainland people. They had taught the mediaeval Japs all the civilization they had. Hut by reason of their geographical location they were invaded by vastly inferior peoples, the Mongols and the Man chus. Korea was influenced to estab lish demonology as its religion, its blood was weakened by being crossed with that of people vastly beneath it, and its spirit w’as broken by the in dignities heaped upon it by the more powerful invaders. It was under the influence of China, which adopted ihe semi-sacred books of Confucius as its national system of education 2,000 years ago. The knowledge of his works and the ability to recite long chapters of his writings were made the chief requirement of the aspirant for honors. As a result the study of the sciences, mathematics and the phenomena of nature was dropped: the memory was overcultivated and the reasoning power stultified. The habits of the Koreans became un cleanly; they grew indifferent to dirt and smells. “Japan, on ihe other hand, was never invaded in its history; its blood was ne\er Intermingled and its stock was allowed to remain pure. Its national character was developed without outside influence. The Shinto religion of the empire has as its cardinal principles purity of body, spirit and environment. Japan was not exposed to the scourges and plagues that Korea's dirt, and filth brought upon it. The feudal system sprang up in Japan, causing authority to be respected and discipline to be developed. “fn 1910, Japan annexed Korea. Prior t«» tlrnt time as many deaths as nine hundred a dgy had occurred in Seoul alone; shortly afterwards not as many people died from the plague in the whole kingdom in one year. Japan forcibly vaccinated 5*000,000 people in one year. Courts were es tablished, giving authority to thirteen thousand gendarmes- Hundreds of miles of roads are being built. Af forestation on an extensive scale is being carried on. To encourage tic silkworm industry 13,000,000 mulberry tree seedlings were set out in one year. State and private banks were established. The postal savings was installed and one in every six fami lies has a savings account. The peo ple, at first suspicious, have learned that they will get their money back whenever they ask for it. In the first year after the Japanese oc cupancy the rice crop was doubled and the wheat and barley crops grew' from 14,000,000 to 36.000,000 bushels. The Japanese have built a model vil lage in every province and are en couraging the people to build similar villages throughout the kingdom.” Mr. Ken nan points out that Korea'! has tho same geographical advan tages as a great part of the eastern part of tlie United States. “It is just ms well fitted Jo be the home of healthy, prosperous and happy peo i pie,” hi says. “It is located similarly lo the territory bordering on the At lantic coast, from Portland, Me., to Charleston, S. C., and extending in ward to Albany, N. Y., Harrisburg, I’a.. Lynchburgh, Va., and Columbia, y. C. Real Farm Upon Broadway Broadway has a real farm. It is near enough to the centre of the city to make the five-acre parcel worth $278,000, the most valuable piece of farm land in the world 1 It Is located on the very ground where Washington’s army made its first stand against the British on Manhattan Island, at the junction of Broadway and Nagel avenue, at the upper end of the island. Broadway surface cars pass the door and the subway is easy of access. Mrs. Adolph Zerrenner, born in Brooklyn sixty-nine years ago. mother of a family of thirteen and widow of a Civil War veteran, runs the farm. Two grown sons and one grandson, typical farmer’s boys, are on the Job, and it is doubtful If they ever ven tured so far away from home as the car that passes their door could transport them. There Is no middleman in their busl- | ness. The}’ do not go to market. ' There is ipiito enough business for them in their immediate neighbor hood. The neighboring grocers come to the farm to market every morning. They do not keep any books and can only guess at the relative profits on their crops. These are cultivated to the limit. There Is something doing the w'hole year around. The farmer’s wife Is of a family of tillers of the soil who have operated right In New York city for nearly a century. Mrs. Zerrenner remembers when she wus a little girl her father. Nicholas Von Claim, bad a farm, only fifty-four years ago, located In what is now the heart of Manhattan. It might be asked how Mrs. Zerren ner is able to maintain a farm on such valuable ground? If the annual rental was fixed to cover taxes, it would bo a fraction over $5,035 annually. And what farmer could afford such a rent bill? Mrs. Zerenncr is able to maintain a farm on these gilt-edged city lots because she only has to pay. In cash, something like $130 a year, which is distributed among some of the various plot owners; to others she gets her tent for keeping the sidewalks free from ice and snow in the winter, and cleur of weeds and leaves in the sum mer. Noted Women Whose Birthday Is Yours MAY 8 Augusta J. Evans Copyrighted 1914. BY MARY MARSHAL!^. Augusta .1. Evans—or Augusta Evans Wilson, to use her married name—has the distinction of being the tirst woman of the South to gain prominence in the field of letters. She was born in Georgia in 1855, but her childhood and girlhood were spent, in Texas, where her father went as a pioneer in the days when Texas fron tier life was full of excitement and hardships, Euter the. family moved to Mobile. Alabama, where Mrs. Wil son always made her home. Augusta J. Evans never went to school, and yet so great progress did she make in her studies that at the age. of fifteen years she had pro duced her first novel. This novel, “Inez," was sent to a large New York publisher and accepted on the spot. The book met with enormous popularity, and was especially inter esting because of the youth of its author. Not long after her first lit erary success Miss Evans wrote.an other novel, called “Beulah,” and this met with even greater success than had the first one. During the Civil War Miss Evans’s literary activities were somewhat hampered. In her own home in Mo bile she opened a private hospital for the wounded and sick soldiers ot the Confederacy. Her later novels, which are still read to some extent, and which met with enormous success af the time of their publication, are "St. Elmo," "lnfelice" and "Vashtl." Unlike many other successful writ ers of this country Augusta Evans admitted the fact that writing with her was a laborious task. She wrote Slowly and spent much time after the writing of the first draft in polishing and revising. Miss Evans was thirty two when she married her husband, Mr. Wilson. Another celebrated woman born on May 8 is Madame Blavetsky. or Helena Fetrovina Hnhn-Hahn, as she is sometimes called. She was born In southern Russia eighty-three years ago today. Her remarkable ideas of spiritualism and oeeultism site de rived from a journey In Tibet in 1875. Coming to America not long after ward site found a kindred spirit in H. S. Olcott. with whom site founded the Thcosophical Society. Eater she went to India and established a branch of the same society at Bom bay. She did probably more than any one else to popularize the philosophy of the Buddhist religion throughout Europe and America. National River Problem While the conference of governors of Mississippi river States and dele gates from thirteen of the chief cities ori America’s greatest waterway has been chiefly concerned with the spe cific purpose of the meeting, the dis cussion of the standardization of ter minals and shore facilities, without which there can not be successful river traffic, the larger aspects of the Mississippi river problem could not escape comment, says the St. Don is Post-Dispatch. Governor Eberhardt’s striking sum mary of the boon that proper utiliza tion of the Mississippi river would be, not merely to the increasing mil lions who inhabit the richest valley in the world, but to the country at large, should bo widely circulated. It would do much to arouse the national sentiment which he wisely insists must precede practical improvement of the Mississippi. The people along the Mississippi realize what the country is losing through neglect of this great natural highway of commerce. But the peo ple of the country at large have no such conception. Every time an ap propriation bill for rivers and harbors is introduced in the House it becomes the target of representatives living in sections nnl immediately affected by the proposed expenditures. “Pork barrel" is the mildest epithet over hurled at it. Tlie criticism by these members of Congress is reproduced and elaborated upon by editors with provincial limitations, but with a habit of oracular utterance which im poses on millions ol’ readers who are unaccustomed to the throes of think ing. The only basis for the criticism has bcfen that too often a false sense of economy has kept the committee from proposing feasible permanent projects. Too much money has been spent on work of little or no perma nent value. It has been-dangerous to outline permanent projects, lest tho whims of a succeeding Congress per mit them to be abandoned. Governor Eberhart's ’glowing pic ture of the proper future of the Mis sissippi Valley is not one whit over drawn. His concrete illustrations of what the alert Canadians are doing lo divert trade from American rivals should cause the business men of the United States to ponder. The battles of the future will bo commercial bat lies. The victory will go to the vigi lant and persevering. It will take years to develop the Mississippi to the full capacity of its usefulness. Tho longer tho. task is neglected tho greater tin handicap of this country in tin- struggle for Its share of the commerce of the world. Though the Panama canal Is nearing completion and tlie commercial advantages it will give this country in the race for the new markets of the world have been dwelt upon in commercial and patriotic banquets for many years, tho grestest clement in the utilization of the canal, tile development of tho Mississippi as a great naUonal wa terway has been sadly neglected, it is high time for such a campaign of national education as the Minnesota governor suggests. j Big Guns Guard Canal Zone \ Our military engineers are installing fortifications which will make the Panama canal act deadly an agent in time of war as it will be profitable in time of peace. Mounted as monumental defenders of this biggest ditch will be the biggest gun on earth—the monster sixteen-inch cannon now at Sandy Hook. It will soon be placed on ono of the islands at the Pacific entrance. There will also be twenty-live huge guns at each end of the canal. At the Atlantic end they will be Installed in Forts Randolph, Sherman and Do Lesscps, which tire being built on either side of the Hay of I’amon. Three islands at the Pacific end, con nected with the mainland by tin arti tleial breakwater, will bear the de fenses for that entrance to the canal. Resides the forts, there will be a flotilla of submarines always on guard hi the harbors both at Balboa and Colon, and tin- channels will be mined arid protected with the latest and most destructive of torpedoes. The locks themselves will be guarded with guns especially de signed to ward off the attack of aero planes. Only by dropping a bomb squarely onto one of the lock gates •ottld an aernplanist injure the works, and it is figured that the defenders could keep all flying machines at such a (n ight that their pilots would have only one chance in a thousand of hit ting the gates. Theso magnificent fortifications are expected to serve three distinct pur poses. . First, they will practically doubled the American navy by making the .present fleet available for both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Secondly, the great disappearing guns will prevent any warship ap proaching near enough to drop a shell into the locks and thus put the entire canal out of commission. Lastly, the forts will aid the in fantry in preventing an enemy from landing upon tho coast. Their bat teries will render the coast absolutely untenable for eight miles in either direction. Should an enemy land twenty miles down the coast, nature will come to the defense of the canal. The jungle —the impassible thicket of Panama jungle—is to be allowed to spread un checked throughout the ten-mile-wide canal zone. The advancing enemy would have to chop their way pain fully, one foot at a time, hatchet in hand, through this tough tangle. A wireless station with over 3,003 miles' range, permitting direct com munication with Washington, and suitable navy yards and coaling sta tions, will complete the defenses of the canal. . Is He Safer? Bill—It is said that, shattering all traditions, the young king of Siam will have only one wife, instead of 600, which his father had. Jill—He doesn't believe, evidently, there's safety in numbers.—Yonkers Statesman. How It Worked. Madge—Have you really found that absence makes the heart grow fonder? Marjorie—Indeed I have! Since Charlie went away I’ve learned to love Jack ever so much more.—I.ip pincott’s. The Farmer’s Friend. The crow may be a frffend to nte; That he’ll have to prove, I have a lot of friends, you see. That I’m suspicious of. —‘Exchange. Move Forward. Patience — "This paper says that women aro employed as car conduc tors in the ciiiefi of Chile." Patrice—“Well, men like to hear women say 'move up.’ ”—Yonkers Statesman. ‘ Empty Bean. “You can't educate brains into a numbskull." "1 know: but do you think it really hurts to drop a bit of education in where the brains ought to be?"—Chi cago Record-Herald. Distressing Waste. * Jock—You’ve won the first pvj/.e J»i i be raffle, and yvt ys're miseraMe. Sandy—Yes; it vvre jlst ma luck, buying two tickets when one wad ha’ done. It were just a saxpence wasted —Tit-Bits. ■ - I ... ,, I FIRST IN INDIANA * According to the figures filed by the various companies with the Insurance Department of the State, The Prudential led every Life Insurance company operating in Indiana in 1913, by issuing and reviving through its agents in that State during the year 112,607 policies, for $21,051,592 paid-for Life Insurance. A great honor paid to this Company and its agents by the people of Indiana. Furthermore, The Prudential has been the leader in new business in In diana for the -past thirteen years. The Prudential FORREST F. DRYDEN, Preside*!