Newark fifoen'mg j&tar
| _ JAMES SMITH, JR.
FOUNDED MARCH 1. 1*3?.
Published every afternoon, Sundays excepted, by the Newark
Dally Advertiser Publishing Company.
Entered as second-class matter, February 4, 1908, at, the Post
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•; VOL. LX X V \ III.—NO. I HO. _
J SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 18, 1914 _
SEA GIKT CAMI* OPENING TODAY.
The opening of the camp at Sea Girt today for
| the First and Fifth regiments or Infantry will mark
■ the beginning of a new order in the National Guard
system of the State. For many years the Infantry
has been sent to Sea Girt by single regiments for
regimental drill and virtually learned nothing. The
experience was simply camp life and an outing
1 The camp to be opened today is for a brigade of
f two regiments and. thanks to the energy of Adjutant
General Sadler, the area of operations has been i
greatly enlarged. There Is ample space for evolutions
and long hikes can be taken, while the movements in
the historic battle of Monmouth can be reproduced.
In short, the citizen-soldier is to he given practical
instruction in the larger operations of war which he
never before got in the National Guard of this State,
f. except in the Federal camps.
But the State owns no usable territory on or near
the coast other than the Sea Girt tract, and even if
the surrounding land belonged to the State it would
not be adapted for the purposes of a camp of instruc
tion. The time has come, therefore, for the State to
secure land in Northern New Jersey with all the
topographical features for military evolutions. This
land can be obtained cheaply now and be made a
part of the forest reserve of the State.
THE I'ROSECl'TlON OK THE DIRECTORS.
The suit on behalf of the minority stockholders
Of the New Haven Railroad Company against the
New Haven directors for recovery of enormous
Rums misspent or misappropriated by the manage
ment quickly followed the meeting of the directors
in New York at which was displayed a spirit of con
tempt of the lawr and the claims of the wronged
stockholders. This suit will be historic as well as
interminable if not withdrawn or compromised.
Meanwhile the directors have virtually challenged
the Federal government, which may bring both civil
and criminal suits, the latter individually, against
the directors. If there is to be criminal prosecution
it will be surely against the wishes of Attorney
General McReynolds. who has denied there was law
enough to reach men who enrich great railroad
.properties and beggar tens of thousands of people
whose trustees they are.
It is to be determined now whether there is any
< class of men who are above all law and are protected j
by the very magnitude of their operations. That .
ouestion is in the minds of millions of people who |
have read the scorching report by the Interstate j
Commerce Commission and know ail about the 1
transactions it discloses. The Department of Justice
at Washington is supposed to represent the people.
Attorney-General Wickersham made its processes a
mockery in the trust prosecutions, and so far his
methods have not been improved on by McReynolds.
TYPHOID AND ITS PRKVKN’TIVK.
The' lamentable typhoid epidemic in St. Mary's
Orphan Asylum, which has claimed about four-score
victims, may never be explained except in the fact
. that the milk supply was the source of the disease
germs. Typhoid is a filth disease and milk cannot be
infected by it except by contact either in the washing
of the cans or In handling.
But the health record of the regular army shows i
that there need be little or no danger of infection by
typhoid. The anti-typhoid serum has practically abol
ished the disease in the army, and otherwise there is
no class of men as healthful as the American soldier.
If this is true of the army, why should it not also be !
true of an institution for dependents’
A TKST FOR THK “SKVFN SIHTKKS."
The cheap prices for gasoline in Hudson county
which have prevailed since last May and have rejoiced
motorists are explained in proceedings begun at Tren
ton under the “Seven Sisters” laws. The reason lies
in the efforts of the Standard Oil Company to drive a
rival company out of the field. Price cutting is the
ready weapon of monopoly. The Standard Oil Com
pany. with its Immense capital, can keep up a fight
indefinitely, whereas the weaker rival must succumb.
And then the Standard can recoup all It may have lost
by high prices.
The “Seven Sisters" have had a long sleep since
they were passed. They have never been disturbed
by the State’s legal department. When we consider
the wonderful vitality of the old blue laws, hated by
every rational person, we have to marvel at the lack
of vitality of the "Seven Sisters" and even suspect that
they were never intended for anything but a political
parade. But now is presented to the State’s attorney
general the opportunity to show whether there is
really anything more than fustian In the laws.
DOESN'T WANT TO HELL, BET—
At Passaic this week the engineer of the East
Jersey Water Company, when asked why the East
Jersey wanted to sell Its plant at Little Falls to the
"We do not wish to sell out. We would rather
continue in business as we are, as a corporation
There has been so much haggling about the rates
that we are thoroughly disgusted. we aid not invite
this proposition, but now that it has come along we
have not resisted or opposed it.”
If the East Jersey did not "invite the proposition,"
who did? Several municipalities were on the point
of entering upon an agreement for the development
of the Wanaque watershed for a joint supply when
this proposition for the purchase of the East Jersey
plant was mysteriously introduced as a substitute.
Whose idea was It? When Engineer Cook said the
company did not wish lo bcII out, and that it was
thoroughly disgusted, he ignored the fact that the
company can withdraw at any time and be relieved
of its disgust. At the same time it is well enough
known that every possible Influence the East Jersey
can bring to bear Is working for the Little Falls
WOULD HK-E.NSLA VK MEXICO.
The lory newspapers in England, like the tory
newspapers in the United States, are in entire sym
pathy with the system of "strong government" ex
emplified in Mexico by Diaz and Huerta, and it is
not strange, therefore, that they should now speak
of the "statesmanship" of the dictator which played
with the feebleness of the American foreign secretary
for eighteen months.
There is a wide difference between statesmanship
and trickery', and Huerta had an easy time fooling
Mr. Bryan and catering to his vanity. He has
accomplished his ultimate purpose. He has gotten
off with a safe skin to Paris to enjoy the riches he
off with a safe skin to enjoy the riches he has wrung
out of the tlesh and blood of Mexico.
The same tory newspapers beslobber the state
department with praise for its policy, as if it ever
had a policy but that of sitting tight until the logic
of events should have its effect. The motive of this
praise is manifest. It is to flatter the administration
into a course which would keep in power in Mexico the
elements that supported Huerta.
For the mere flight of Huerta does not end the
struggle for reform and constitutional government
in Mexico, and there now begins the civil struggle in
which the reformers will be confronted by all the
power of landed wealth in Mexico, allied with the
powerful foreign interests and the influence of foreign
governments. On which side will American states
manship he arrayed?
HOPE KOH THE BALD.
Let the batdheads take new hope. Let them no
longer sigh in despair as they slap the impudent
mosquito or brush away the annoying fly from their
shiny dome of thought. Of course, they are wary as a
species. They have been disappointed so many, many
times, if we can judge from the immense number of
nostrums on the market, all of which seem to furnish
their makers with comfortable livings.
But now there is the word of a noted physician,
Dr. Bruce, of the Massachusetts General Hospital, to
vouch for the entire possibility of growing hair on
bald heads. He says that about half a dozen physi
cians are in charge of this work, and that success has
been met with in several cases treated at the hospital.
There is hope. And if the Boston treatment should
fail in any individual "baldy's” case, why he still may
have hope, for there is a Hungarian physician who
sews hair into scalps, first embedding a fine gold wire
into the skin of the cranium. This latter treatment
may be painful, but beauty is worth any sacrifice.
There is hope.
ITXISHMKXT TO KIT THK CRIME.
It is fortunate for the public that New Jersey
law gives no option of a fine in the case of a person
who drives an automobile while drunk. Conviction
means a term in prison. The judge who considers
public safety will make the term a long one, and
this is what Judge Gnichtel did in Trenton when he
sent a motorist to the workhouse for one year for
operating his car while intoxicated. The judge put
it mildly when he told this man he was a public
nuisance. He might have said a deadly public men
ace. The combination of a motorcar and a drunken
driver has been responsible for many tragedies of the
OPINIONS AND VIEWS FROM THE EXCHANGES
New Civil Service Wrinkle.
I'rom the Springfield Republican.
The federal civil service commis
sion has found it necessary to guard
against impersonations in Southern
Indiana, where fraud of this kind has
been uncovered. It is to be required
In the autumn examinations that
every applicant submit to the ex
aminer on the day he is examined a
photograph of himself, taken within
two years, which shall be died with
his examination papers as a means
of identldcation in ease he receives
appointment. Truly this is a wicked
world, and many are those who at
tempt to "heat the machine," whether
for gum or offices.
Tea Harvest I» Now On.
From the New York Him.
The stringency in the supply of teas
in the United States, stocks of which
are almost at the lowest record, is
reflected in an advance of one to one
and one-half cents a pound in the
Japanese market, where new crop teas
came on the market last week. Spir
ited bidding by representative New
York importers was a feature of the
Far Eastern markets. The prices for
Chinese Congou teas are also 10 to
15 per cent, higher than last year.
That New York importers are de
sirous of getting their teas to east
ern United States points at as early
a date as possible may easily be gar
nered from the fact that there hasn't
been a round sale in the New York
market aggregating as much as 1,000
packages since the flurry over the
probable war tax of 10 cents a pound
was noted last month Stocks arc
practically at a minimum, as teas in
warehouses at the end of April to
taled but 290,000 packages. In order
to relieve t.he very stringent condi
tion of the market special trains
h*ve been chartered to meet the
steamships Empress of Russia and
Empress of Japan when they arrive
at Vancouver, and the teas will he
rushed post-haste to destinations in
the Middle West and to points on the
The harvesting of tea is now' pro
gressing under moderately favorable
conditions in the Orient. Several
storms have In many cases endan
gered the grow th of the tea plant and
have delayed picking to some extent,
hut the outlook for an average crop
I is hopeful, inasmuch as general
weather conditions In the Far East
ern Japan, Formosa and China mar
kets toward the latter part of April
and early May were exceptionally fa
forable, sunny skies and balmy
weather having nurtured the tea
plant to a point where quality was
as good, if not better, than that which
has obtained in previous years.
Shorthand Legal Delay*.
From the Springfield Republican.
When shorthand was introduced it
was welcomed as a great relef from
the labor of taking notes in court:
now it is being accused in some quar
ters of being one of the causes of the
law’s delays. In Missouri Judge Rob
inson. of the Supreme Court, lately
referred to the typewriter as a case
of retardation, and a veteran lawyer
writes to the St. Ivouis Republic In
elaboration of that theme. In the old
days, he says, when material evidence
was jotted down in longhand, courts
pushed along much faster. With a
stenographer present, "hundreds of
unnecessary questions arc asked,
repetition is the rule, and seldom is a
bill of exceptions perfected without
one or more extensions of time for
tiling.” Moreover, the notes are not
boiled down, but turned over to the
printer in an enormous mass, much
of which is not to the point. This
is burdensome to the court and ex
pensive to the litigant. He does not
suggest that the court reporter be
abolished, but he urges that the ab
stract of record be cut down by four
fifths and that lawyers should reform
their habits in respect to “assignment
In all this there is much truth.
Mechanical facilities are a temptation
that must be constantly resisted.
Shorthand the typewriter, the type
setting machine, the fast press and
cheap paper have pul a premium on
prolixity, while intelligent selection
apd condensation are as difficult and
laborious as they ever were. The
reform suggested is not needed in
the court room alone; the annual
waste in wordy public documents is
enormous.. It is time to try to make
the blue pencil keep pace with the
Needn't He Latlnlste.
From the New York Times.
Sheffield University has decided
that a knowledge of Latin Is un
necessary for doctors and will no
longer Insist on it as a compulsory
subject for students working for Its
H. A. L. Fisher, the vice-chancel
lor, said the ordinance would have
the effect of laying more stress upon
medicine and surgery, the main sub
jects for a medical degree.
R. .1. Fipe-Smlth said that, although
boys who came to the university from
the classical side of schools might
pass very well in Latin, they had, as
a general rule, no knowledge of
science and thus did not get on so
well or make as good doctors as boys
from the modern side.
Dr. Hall referred to the argument
that medical men had to make out
their prescriptions in Latin. He said
he did not know what language pre
scriptions were written In, but It was
certainly not Latin.
Municipalities Should Provide Lover**
Lane and Encourage Spooning.
I DENVER, July 18.—"Spooning Is no
crime. It should be encouraged. The
city should provide long shady lanes
and benches for lovers. John J. Alex
ander, of Chicago, doesn’t know what
he is talking about."
Thus valiantly does Dr. Paul S.
Hunter, of the State Board of Health,
come to the defense of the love smit
ten. He denies every allegation that
Alexander made when he addressed
500 young women recently at an in
ternational Sunday school conference
and said spooning is degrading. He
said girls should not allow' It. Dr.
Hunter proves his contention by quot
"The bard of Avon says that all
the world loves a lover, and it is
equally true that all the world loves
a spooner—especially women. Spoon
ing is a natural recreation.
"No man. especially one in the
vigor of adolescence, refuses to spoon.
Tf a married man does not spoon with
his wife he if» busy spooning with
some other women. Cessation of
spooning is the sure mark of the be
ginning of the end of matrimonial
Congressman Returns Four Hays' Pay
llpoatise He Was Absent.
WASHINGTON, July 18.—Believing
that he had received something to
which he was not entitled, Repre
sentative Witherspoon, of Mississippi,
! has turned back Into the treasury de
partment $82.20. That sum repre
sented the amount of his salary for
I four days during which lie was away
from Washington recently on private
business. The fact that Mr, Wither
spoon had returned the money leaked
out today, despite his desire to keep
the matter a secret.
Somewhere in the statute books
there Is a law which says a member
of Congress shall not draw pay for
the davs he Is absent and not at
tending to his public duties. The
law, however, has generally been re
garded as a dead letter. Hut not so
with Mr. Witherspoon. He voluntarily
surrendered his four days’ pay and as
a result the government is just that
' Seven-Ye*r-Old Returns H.OIMI Find, and
lifts HI* Bill »a Reward.
NEW YORK. July 18.—Seven-year
old Willie McVay, of Caldwell ave
nue, Elmhurst, L. I.. is honest, and
his folk are honest, too. and therefore
a load of grief was lifted from Mrs.
Louis Barbieri, of Elmhurst, last
night after she had lost twenty *50
She is in poor health and she and
her husband had decided recently to
take a trip to Italy. She drew *1,000
of the few thousands her husband
had saved and lost It in the street.
Willie, playing on Brettonaire ave
nue near the Barbieri home, found
the package of *50 bills and took it
home. Mrs. Barbieri insisted on tuck
ing a *50 bill into the back pocket of
his dumpy knickers when he re
turned the money.
Kin* Found After 541 Yearn on the Old
WASHINGTON, July 18,—A re
markable story of the recent recov
ery of a ring lost on board the old
I nited States steamer Constellation
more than fifty years ago was told
here yesterday by Secretary Daniels.
When It was recently announced
I that the historic ship was to be over
hauled at the Norfolk navy yard the
I secretary received a letter from Mrs.
i Rosa Kenney Winston, of Windsor,
I .d. C., asking that search he made for
I a ring.
The ring, she wrote, had been lost
on board the ship by her father, Dr.
[ Kenney, who served on the old fight
[ lug ship during and after the Civil
Wealthy Farmer of fll Hu**ed Girl of I8t
Fatter Wants 85,000 Damages.
MUNCIE. Ind.. July 18.—Miss Ethel
Snider, eighteen years old. has sued
David Matthews, sixty-one, a wealthy
farmer of Hamilton township, alleg
ing that on June 27 Matthews threw
his arms around her, hugged and
kissed her, made declarations of love
and otherwise humiliated her.
Miss Snider asks for 85,000 dam
ages. The girl says she was at the
home of a relative in Royerton and
was in the kitchen when Matthews
came in and embraced her.
LABOR NOTES |
It Is claimed that about 6,500 silk
workers in New Jersey. New York.
Connecticut, Massachusetts. Mary
land and South Carolina are mem
bers of the National Industrial
The annual conference of postoffice,
telegraph and telephone mechanicians
at Cardiff, in Great Britain, rejected
the proposal that all existing organi
zations of postal workers should
Vigorous protests of trade unionists
in Winnipeg. Canada, against reduc
ing the wages of civic laborers has
brought results, and now it is an
nounced that the rate will remain at
t twenty-five cents an hour.
While 90 per rent, of the males in
the United States of sixteen years
and over are wage-earners, only
twenty per cent, of the females of
sixteen years and over are engaged
in any kind of gainful occupation.
In Copenhagen a Domestic Serv
ants' Union has been -formed with
this brief program: Improvement of
the wages of servants, fixing regular
hours of work and raising the status
of domestic service.
During the past year members of
the San Francisco Typographical
Union have been paid the following
benefits: Pension, *7,295; mortuary
benefits, *4.400; relief. *3,095. In addi
tion, the sum of *6,500.15 was paid in
donations to labor and other organiza
Answer to Yesterday's Puulc:
I'm writing her a letter
That I’m getting on all right,
That I’m really feeling better,
And I’m full of vim and fight.
I’m telling her I’m working
Every minute of the day,
And I have no time for shirking
And I have no time to play.
I am telling her that nightly
I am sitting round the home,
And that time is passing lightly,
And I’ve no desire to roam.
I am telling her I’m hoping
That a month or two they'll stay
Where the hillsides green are sloping
And the little ones can play.
I am glad they’re where the breezes
Gently kiss them as they run.
And I’m telling her it pleases
Me to think of all their fun.
And I write that I'm not lonely,
But it’s all a fearful sham.
For they’d come back if they only
Knew how miserable I am.
For I miss their sweet caresses
And I miss their shouts of glee,
And the empty home depresses
Now the very soul of me.
I miss the cry of “pappy"
From each roguish little tot.
1 am writing that I’m happy
But I’ll bet she knows I’m not.
—Edgar A. Guest, in Detroit Free Press.
NEW NEWS OF YESTERDAY
A Political Coup Which Blasted a Career
The late Frank Hiscock gained
greater notoriety as a member of the
once conspicuous, but now forgotten,
"Big Four" of New York State than
was brought about by his service in
the United States Senate, or his ear
lier leadership In the House of Rep
resentatives. He was one of the quar
tet which made the nomination of
Benjamin Harrison for President in
1888 possible. The other three mem
bers of the so-called "Big Four" were
Thomas C. Platt, not then the su
preme hoss of his party in New York
State; Warner Miller and Chauncey
M. Depew. All these served at one
time or another in the United States
Senate. Miller was the successor of
Thomas Platt, taking the seat in
the Senate which Platt resigned in
May. 1881. He was also to be the
candidate of his party for governor
in 1888. Depew and Platt were aft
erward twice elected as United States
senators and both served full terms.
Hiscock was not especially gratified
that he should have been distin
guished by the naming of him as one
of the "Big Four." The name applies
to these men because they were elect
ed ns delegates-at-large from New
York to the Republican National Con
vention of 1888.
Shortly after Mr. Platt was re
turned to the Senate for the second
time, 1 chatted with him for an hour
at the Fifth Avenue Hotel in New
York. He was occupying his favor
ite seat, which became widely known
as "Amen Corner." 1 asked the sena
tor what Mr. Hiscock was doing, say
ing that he seemed to have lapsed Into
obscurity, as Warner Miller did after
his defeat for governor.
The senator seemed to be inclined to
indulge in a little reminiscent conver
sation. as I discovered from a char
acteristic mannerism which always
indicated that he was in good spirits.
He began gently to tap or stroke the
back of my hand with his own while
"I suppose Frank Hiscock is taking
things easy,” he said. "He was
naturally disposed to be a little indo
lent. If he had the tremendous
energy that was characteristic of
James G. Blaine he would have had
a great career.
"Hiscock never fully got over his
surprise, a*s well as his disappoint
ment, when he was defeated at the
Republican caucus in the fall of 1882
for the nomination for speaker. He
never knew exactly how it happened.
He never was able to understand
fully the extraordinarily brilliant and
sudden piece of politics which wae
played by Don Cameron which re
sulted in the nomination of General
Kiefer for speaker. Had HIscock
been elected. I think he would have
had a great career. He was gifted
with one very fine qualification. You
may remember he was esteemed the
handsomest man in either house of
Congress. It was a dignified and
manly quality, not in any way effemi
nate. He knew how to pose. I think
he knew’ that visitors in the gallery
of the houses were attracted to him
because they noticed that among such i
a great body of plain-looking men
there was a man of superb manly
beauty. He also had the physique
which appropriately supplemented
his strikingly handsome features. He
possessed a good deal of tact, and
knew how to avoid making enemies,
so that had he been elected he would
first of all have been very conspic
uous for his unusual personal appear
ance and charm of manner, and
would have called upon his reserve
powers of industry and energy, so
that I am sure he would have gained
very great prestige as speaker. But 1
he was defeated by a magnificent
stroke of politics and he almost ate
hlfl heart out over the defeat. He
never was exactly the same man, al
though he did get to the Senate five
years later, because he was brought |
forward as a compromise candidate
upon whom two struggling factions
(Copyright, 1814. by Dr. K. J. Ed
wards. All rights reserved.)
“Chit Chats” by Members of Star Staff
She Got a Look
“Please let me know when w?e reach
Prince street.” said an elderly lady
to the conductor of a Springfield car
the other day. When the car had
climbed up- the hill to Prince street
the conductor rang the bell and called
to the lady, “Prince street, madam.''
The lady rose in her seat and calm
ly stood still looking out the car win
dow at the pulsing throng of people
on Prince street. “Please hurry and
get off the car, madam,” politely re
quested the conductor.
“Oh! I don't want to get off the car
here. 1 just wanted to see what
Prince street looked like. 1 heard it
looked like some of the crowded
streets in down town New York. It
does, too, doesn’t it?”
The conductor almost broke the bell
cord as he signaled the motorman to
The Peppermint Flavor
“I hated to do It, but I had to.” he
Raid. "I like to go out with the boys
at the end of the day’s work and
lake one or two, but my wife objects.
“So yesterday I struck a scheme.
Toward the end of the afternoon
session 1 had the man at the other
side of the mahogany concoct a
'stinger' for me. This is made up of
brandy and creme de menthe. I took
Cyrus a Canal-Builder
In speaking of the river regulations
of the anclentB Sir William Wlllcocks,
the noted English engineer, said:
"Cyrus the <treat controlled the
(lyndes. a tributary of the Tigris, in
a truly original manner. Babylonia
was already peopled and lands were
needed for his Persian troops. The
(lyndes discharges 40,000 sectional
feet and runs thirty feel deep in a
sandy and mobile bed. He could build
no regular, so he dug thirty canals,
divided the waters of the river among
them, closed the river by an earthen
dam and completely controlled It. As
he could never have induced his wild
soldiers to dig these canals for any
useful purpose, he took advantage of
the fact that his favorite horse had
been drowned in the flood and urged
his soldiers to dig the canals and dis
sipate the waters of the river in such
a fashion that it could never again
drown a horse—Engineering Record.
Wealth by Telephone
The one American, perhaps, who
made the best use of the telephone
was the late E. H. Harrlman- He
piled up a railroad fortune of $60,000,
000, and he. did most of his work by
It was in his library, his bathroom,
his private car, his camp In the Ore
gon wilderness. In the mansion
which he finally built for himself
there were a hundred telephones, and
sixty of them were linked to the long
Once he saved the credit of the Erie
railroad by telephone—lent it a mil
lion pounds as he lay at' home on a
sick bed. "Harrlman Is a slave to
the telephone,” wrote a magazine
writer. "Nonsense," replied Harri
man; "the telephone is a slave to
me.”—London Evening News.
quite a supply of these on board, and
when l arrived home 1 possessed
something of a jingle. The missus
kissed me to find out whether 1 had
the odor on my breath. .She Just
smelled the peppermint. I wonder
how long I can keep It up?"
How Ritchie Is
Two young men were discussing the
Carpentler-Smith boxing bout. One
remarked the Welsh-Ritchle was a
“Since Welsh defeated Ritchie
Welsh has been writing special ar
ticles on fighting for the newspapers,"
said the other. "They say he goes
to the bank every day now."
"He does eh. What for?" asked
the first fight fan.
"To see how Ritchie is," was the
His First Effort
■'Hello." said the pale man to the
sunburned man, "where have you
"Down in Atlantic Olty,” said the
other. "Let me tell you something
funny about It. I went in bathing
the first day I was there, and would
you believe it, when I got In the ocean
T couldn't swim."
“Indeed. What was the matter?"
"It was the first time I had ever
BY ORISON 8WETT MARDEN,
/ Author of “Pushing to ths Front,'” Etc.
THE EDUCATIONAL FEVER
A chain has been added to the
United States army equipment, which
enables the weakest soldier to lift
great weights with one hand with
the utmost ease. A man need only
be able actually to lift elghty-two
pounds in order, with the aid of this
chain, to lift a ton; 180 pounds to lift
some twenty tons. A strong man can
lift nearly fifty times as much with
Its help as fifty men could without It.
The ponderous mass of tackle,
ropes, skids, crowbars, rollers, and
human muscle which were formerly
employed in raising great weights are
done away with by this little trlpiix
and Its kindred apparatus. There is
also the magnet, which ft boy can
operate, which lifts enormous weights
of Iron and steel.
Now, this is a good example of
what an education seeks to do—to
double, treble, and quadruple a man’s
power. The educated man who has
found himself, who Is In a position
to use all of his powers, ought to be
able to do the work of many men
without education. He has. as it
were, the leverage of alt previous
generations with which to work.
It requires some scores of unthink
ing men with pick and shovel to do
the work of one machine, planned
and made by an educated and skilled
mind which has applied itself to the
problem of finding the best, wisest,
and quickest way of doing things.
The one great Weakness of our pub
lic school system is that our courses
of study are too often headed toward
the college, rather than work in prac
tical life. They point toward an edu
cation in theories Instead of pointing
toward experiences in life. College is
not desirable for everyone. Every
year a great army of practical work
ers are spoiled by trying tn make
clergymen, doctors, or lawyers of
them. Oftentimes a splendid me
chanic is made into a very poor
preacher because he was educated
for it, and he thought it would be a
disgrace for a man with a college
diploma to remain a mechanic.
The very fact that one has gone
through a college course which is cal
culated to prepare for the profession
al Ufe often turns the head of the
graduate toward a life he is utterly
unfitted for. Such misguided people
are not only always inefficient and
plod along forever in mediocrity, but
they are unhappy as well, because
they cannot but realize that they arc
out of place; they are going througli
life on their weakness Instead of on
I know college graduates who al
ways advise everybody to go to col
lege. They say It 1b the only thing
to do. Now a college course Is a
splendid thing for people who are
fitted by temperament and natural
gifts to profit by It, but on the other
hand, many youths are positively in
jured by it. because their minds are
turned in the direction which their
ability does not function. They un
dertake things which their mentality
does not fit. If our youth were taught
that going to college does not neces
sarily mean adopting literary and
professional work when they gradu
ate, but that no matter what they are
going to do, whether they are to re
main on t.he farm or remain mechan
ics, it would still do them good to go
to college, then there would be fewer
round men In square holes, despite
our faulty educational systems, and
all education would prove a genuine
lever to higher achievements. Ac
cording to our present, standards,
many young men seem to think it a
disgrace for a youth with a college
diploma to go into an ordinary pur
suit, and it is this false standard that
plays havoc with so many graduates.
The whole meaning of a college ed
ucation, however, is gradually chang
ing, as during the last half century
educational Ideals have almost rev
olutionized and very radically al
tered within the last twenty-five
years. The classics are not empha
sized nearly so much as they were
even ten or fifteen years ago. Edu
cation is becoming more practical, al
though it is still biased to some ex
tent with the mediaeval idea of
But it is gradually becoming less
theoretical and mnr» and more fitted
to our every-day needs, more arid
more of a level to higher things.
BV MINNIE J. REYNOLDS
Is Government by People a
We don't know. It has never been
Can’t Be Done
Woman cannot supply man's wis
dom and experience to government,
because she doesn't possess it. Man
cannot supply woman's wisdom and
experience to government, because he
doesn't possess it.
"I am unalterably opposed," said
the anti-suffrage lady, as she
gathered up her bridge prizes and
prepared to depart. "1 am unalter
ably opposed to votes for women.
Why, if my nursemaid spent her time
at the polls, who would take care
of the baby?"
Bobby Grows Tiresome
kittle Bobby (who has just begu..
the study of American history)—
Papa, wasn't it wrong for those men
to steal all that good tea and throw
it in the sea?
Papa—No, my son: they were fight
ing for a great principle, for a share
in their own government.
kittle Bobby—Papa, do those suf
fragettes that break windows over In
England have a share in the govern
Papa—Go on and play, son; I'm
When the women registered for the
first time in California an old colored
woman seemed to think that this
could not possibly he all she had
“Are you sure.” she asked the clerk,
"dat I'se done all 1 has to do?"
“Quite sure," said the clerk, “you
see, it's very simple.
“I mighta knowed it." said she. “If
dene yer fool men folks been doin’ it
all dese years I ought to knowed it
was a mighty simple thing."
Not Such Fools
One election day more than forty
years ago Susan B. Anthony walked
into a polling booth in Rochester, N.
Y., and put a vote in a ballot box.
She did It to test the Constitution of
the United States, which defines citi
zens as "all persons born or natural
ized in the United States, and sub
ject to the Jurisdiction thereof.”
She was tried for Illegal voting and
fined $100 and cost of trial. When the
sentence was announced she rose in
court and said: "Y6ur honor. I will
never pay one penny of your unjust
She never did, and she was never
sent to Jail. American men know
more than to get into the mess that
Who Takes a Hand?
The real basic principle of our gov
ernment is not that every man should
have a vote, for many men are al
ways disfranchised for one reason or
another. The real basis of popular
government is that every class shall
have a hand in the game. U. every
man in the country whose name be
gins with ■‘A*’ were disfrancnised, no
one would suffer, and government
would go on just the same. But if
one particular class of men were
singled out, as the lumbermen- the
merchants, the Catholics, the Prot
estants—and deprived of the vote, that
class would irnmedtately assume a
different and subordinate position in
this country Everybody would ad
mit that we no longer had a gov
ernment by the people. That is ex
actly what has been done to women;
thev have been singled out as a class
and deprived of the vote.
And Still They Come
New branches have recently been
organized by the Women's Political
Union in Haledon, Clifton and Lum
Jersey Teachers, Take Notice
At St. Paul July 9 the National4|
Education Association in a ringing ^
resolution gave its unqualified in
dorsement to political equality for
women. Reflection on this fact Is
commended to the timorous State
Teachers’ Association of New Jersey,
which has thus far been afraid to
allow the subject to be introduced
on the floor of its convention. There
is only one profession in the world
in which nine-tenths of the members
are disfranchised. There is only one
profession in the world that would
increase it* political power and
importance 900 per cent, by equal
suffrage. One can excuse women,
who never had the vote and know
nothing about its effect upon the
status of a class possessing it for
not seeing this. But it’s queer the
men in the profession don’t see it.
It wern,s that men talk just hr
women do when they are deprived of
the right to vote. During the prepa
rations for the visit to Newark of
Count Karolyi, the Hungarian pa
triot, Stephen Uglay, a Hungarian of
Newark, explained In The Star the
alms of the Independent party in
“The Independent party wants
equal suffrage. We want every man
to have the right to say Just how he
shall be governed, just as he has the
right to do in the United States. Tf
every man had the right to vote we
would be governing ourselves as you
This has a very familiar sound. We
wonder if Mr. Uglay would allow the
suffragists of New Jersey a hearing
before the Hungarian societies.
Speed of the Street Song
One of the curious things about the
popular song is the rapidity of its
dissemination among the street chil
dren. Few of t.hem can hear it at
first hand among the music halls, yet
long before the latest catchy tune has
found its way to the barrel organs or
Sunday newspaper you will hear it
rendered with amazing accuracy by
tiny boys and girls. It seems to travel
like rumor through an East Indian
A Large is n’t necessary to carry
Income Life insurance- Men
of moderate rpeans find
the policy of The Pru
dential provides sub
stantial protection at
FORREST F. DRYDEN. President
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