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Newark evening star and Newark advertiser. [volume] (Newark, N.J.) 1909-1916, September 03, 1914, STATE EDITION, Image 1

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Bologna Prelate, Elected
, by Sacred College, As
sumes the Name of
Benedict XV.
WAS BORN NOV. 21, 1854;
Held Important Diplomatic
Posts Under Pius X., Is Popu=
lar and Spiritual—Condemned
Tango, Last January 1.
By the Associated Press.
ROME, Sept. 3.—Cardinal Della
Chiesa has been elected Pope In suc
cession to the late Pius X.
The new Pope will assume the name
of Benedict XV.
Cardinal Giacomo della Chiesa, who
was today elected 'ope by the Sacred
College in succession to Pius X., who
died August 20, was created a cardinal
May 25 1914. He is the archbishop of
Bologna, Italy.
He was born at Pegli, in the diocese
of Genes, Novemlr 21. 1854, and was
ordained a priest December 21, 1878.
He served as secretary of the Noncia
ture in Spain from 1883 to 1887, in
which year he was appointed secre
tary to the late Cardinal Rampolla.
He was appointed substitute secre
tary of state in 1901 and in 1907 was
elected to the post of advisor to the
holy office.
In 1907 he was appointed papal
nuncio ot Madrid in succession to
Monsignor Rinaldini, but this ap
\ pointment was canceled three days
later. This incident had occurred just
before he was made archbishop of
Bologna. When Monsignor Della
Chiesa was given this post it was de
clared in Rome that it was mainly
with the object of combating modern
religious ideas, Bologna being the
headquarters of the National Demo
cratic League, whose members advo
cated what is known as “Modernism”
In religion.
('oiulemmMl tin* Tanjfo.
In January, 1914. while still at Bo
logna, the present pope issue a pas
toral letter strongly condemning the
It has been 174 years since the time
of the last Pope Benedict, li his
election to the papacy in 1740 Cardi
nal Prospero Lambertinl assumed that
title! It is an interesting fact that
the new pope was archiblshoir of Bo
logna, while Pope Benedict XIV. was
horn in Bologna.
According to a dispatch from Rome
dated 2:50 yesterday afternoon and re
reived in New York early today the
White Star line steamer Canopic,
bearing Cardinals Gibbons and O’Con
nell to Rome, was not due at Naples
until tomorrow. Therefore it is prob- ;
able that neither of these two Ameri- j
can cardinals participated in the elec
tion of the new pope.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3.—The apos
tolic delegation has not yet been offi
cially advised of the selection of the
new Pope. Word of the choice j
reached the delegation through press i
sources, and great interest was man- j
It is pointed out that Cardinal Della 1
Chiesa has had wide experience, both [
as administrator of the important See 1
of Bologne and also on the diplomatic!
side as secretary of the Nuncio at |
Madrid. He is described as a man j
of great spiritual character, and one
ot the most highly esteemed in the j
hierarchy. He is of a stocky build
and rather quiet.
The choice falls on a cardinal of j
Italian birth, as was expected from i
tradition, and also from the disturbed ]
conditions In Europe, which militat- i
ed against the selection of a Pope!
outside of the Italian hierarchy.
It was at the age of twenty-four |
that the new pope was ordained in
the priesthood. He soon attracted the I
attention of Cardinal Rampolla, later j
secretary of state for Pope Lpo XIH. j
_ ]
(Continued nn Page 2. Column 6.)
Nurses and Surgeons Who Are
to Make Trip Pouring Into
New York.
the Red Cross expedition to the Euro
pean war zone continued today to
pour into the headquarters of the so
ciety in this city and a warehouse in
Brooklyn from which the Hamburg
American liner Hamburg, chartered
for the trip, will be loaded. Miss
Maiiei Boardman, chairman of the
national committee of the Red Cross,
is directing the assembling of sup
plies, which she explained consisted
of thousands of pounds of cotton, 300,
,'HtO yards of gauze and thousands of
gallons of iodine and cases of ether.
The vessel will also carry eight com
plete sets of sqrgical instruments. In
the warehouse'are also many large
cases of linen sheets, towels and
clothing for the use of the wounded
while confined in hospitals.
The nurses and surgeons who have
volunteered tor service in Europe will ,
aboard the liner at 3 o'clock Sat
urday afternoon. They will remain i
on the ship Sunday morning when
l lie vessel will move to a dock near
I lie warehouse to take bn supplies.
.She will sad at 4 P- m- Monday.
filach nurse promises to remain six i
months. If she returns sooner, she I
pays her own expenses. If the war
lasts longer than six monthH. all
those who desire will be returned and
others sent in their places. Most of
the surgeons and nurses from the
New York district reported yesterday
and all who have been selected to
make the trip are expected to arrive
In the cltv before Saturday.
Struggle Between Allies and
Germans Within 30 Miles of
City in Progress.
Confident That Paris Fortifica
tions Can Withstand Long
By tlic* AN80<‘iat?(l Frews.
LONDON, Aug. 3.—The battle to
decide whether history will repeat it
self In a second siege of Paris is
still jji progress, according to the
latest official announcement here.
Future military historians will
write volumes about the details of
this battle, but all the Rritish public I
knows officially concerning the titan- !
tic struggle—the most momentous j
British soldiers have fought since
Waterloo—is contained in one sen
tence of an official rep >rt Issued last
night by the press bureau: “Contin
uous lighting has been in progress
along almost the whole line of bat
j o this generally the French official
communication adds the fact that the ,
allied forces have fallen back toward !
the southwest to avoid an action j
which might have been engaged ,
under unfavorable conditions. How
far and to what line the allies have j
gone is unknown.
There can be no revelation of mill- i
tary secrets, nothing which a patri- !
otic censorship could criticise, in stat- j
ing these facts, because the German
army which Is engaging the allies
knows precisely where their first line
is drawn, and the purpose of the,
censorship is only to suppress facts
which might enlighten the enemy.
First News of Hattie.
The official bulletin of last night is
the first word the British people have
received from their government con
cerning the'present battle. The last
previous bulletin was Field Marshal
Kitchener’s statement, issued Sun
day night, throwing a welcome light
on the previous four days’ battle,
which ended Saturday, and which re
flected tlie greatest credit on the gen
eralship and discipline of the British
In spite of the fact that the French
capital has been removed to Bor
deaux, and that the German army of
the West is within thirty miles of the
outer fortifications of Paris, a strange
air of confidence prevails today
among the allies. The general feel
ing seems to be that the German at- j
tack is wearing itself out in ham
mering away at the allies’ fines,
which give but do not break.
President Polncaire has issued a
proclamation to his people telling
i hem that military necessity alone
has led him to remove his govern
ment to Bordeaux. Military experts
agree that Paris will soon be the
pivot of the hostile forces operating?
in the area of the west. Even the
downfall of the French capital is not
expected to end the conflict. The feel
ing of confidence was greatly In- <
creased by the news of the victory of I
the Russians in Galicia. Reports from j
Petrograd (St. Petersburg) tell of th- j
entry of Russians into Remberg. the j
capital of Galicia. These appear cred
ible, as news of the defeat of the j
Austrians in tHat district has been :
received from several sources.
Lemberg Result Given llenrt.
The battle of Eemberg was one of
the greatest ever fought. Evidently it
resulted In a decisive and perhaps
overwhelming defeat of the Austri
ans. The battle line extended 200
miles, and it is estimated 1,500,000
men were engaged.
According to an official dispatch re
ceived by Emperor Nicholas front
Grand Duke Nicholas, commander-in
chief of the Russian forces, the vic
tory was won after seven days of
fighting. The climax came when
the Austrians were routed in a final
desperate assault on the Russian
centre, which was held by General
The Austrian army in Galicia was
acting in close cooperation with two
German army corps facing Breslau
and seeking to envelope the Russian
forces in Poland. Their plans, how
ever. met with a series of disasters
ending in a complete rout when an
attempt was made to pierce the Rus
sian centre.
In the west the line now held by
th«' lefl Hank of the allied armies in
the valley of the Oise runs diagonally
from a point, northeast of Paris to
Compiegne -and thence through Noy
on (fourteen miles northeast by north
of (_jDmpiegne)#to Ea Fere.
Germans Hold 1-a Fere.
I vi Fere, one of the weaker of the
French fortresses, evidently is in the
hands of the Germans. Farther east
and north the allied armies apparent
ly hold their own in the neighbor
hood of Eaon and Rethel (twenty
four mites northeast of Rheims). The
right of the allies rests on the forti
fied Franco-German frontier.
The names of the British who fell
in the four day’s battle last week will
not be announced till they have been
communicated to relatives. The
heavy loss of officers in proportion to
the men is the story of South Africa
over again, it indicates that the of
ficers refused to take cover as they
insist that the men shall.
The west coast of Belgium and the
west coast of rtprtbern France are
free from Germans. Many Ameri
cans are crossing the channel to the
continent determined to see some
thing of the war at any risk.
Declares War Will Open
Field for Missionary Work
Ily the Associated Press.
ST. JOSEPH, Mo., Sept. 3—“The
present European war is preparing
the greatest missionary opportunity
the world ever saw,” Dr. O. E.
Brown, secretary of the Board of
Missions of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, in an address to the
Stale conference here today, said.
"The war is making a chaos of
Europe,” he continued, “and at its
end will leave the Held cleared for
mission work with old barriers broken
down, old prejudices removed and the
nations in a new frame of mind.”
Dr. C. F. Reid, of Nashville, Tenn.,
for seventeen years a missionary to
China; Dr. C. A. I. Lamar, of South
western University, Dallas, Tex., and
Dr. T. N. Ivey, of St. Louis, were
speakers. Tonight will be educational
Will Read Message Before Joint
Session of Congress Tomor
row Afternoon.
H.v tlic Assoi'lnted Press.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3.—President
Wilson will appear before a joint ses
sion of Congress tomorrow afternoon
at 13:30 o’clock to ask for a war tax
measure to raise $100,000,000 annu
ally. This announcement was made
loday following a visit of Democratic
Leader Underwood to the White
House. In his message the Presi
dent will not advise means of raising
the money.
Japs Land More
Troops in China
CHEEFOO, China, Sept. 3.—Japan
landed 4,500 additional men at Lung
Kow today. Of these forces 500 men
are marines, the others being sol
Lung-Kow is 100 miles north of
Tsing-Tau, in Kiau-chau.
Between 10,000 and 11,000 Japanese
troops had been landed at Lung-Kow
previous to today. The Japanese con
trol the telegraph lines out of Lung
\rchbishop Seton, Formerly
Rector in Jersey City, Sails
from Denmark for New York
COPENHAGEN, via Gondon, Sept. |
3.—Among those who have obtained ;
passage on the steamer Frederica |
VIII. for New York, sailing today,
is Archbishop Seton, of Jersey City.
Archbishop Seton formerly was rec- j
tor of St. Joseph’s Church, Jersey
City. He retired about ten years ago
to live in Rome. Some months ago
he announced his intention to return
to live in Maryland. He comes of
the family after which Seton Hail
College is named.
The American legation has been
obliged to increase its staff owing to
the demands made upon it by anx- (
ious Americans and others desirous
of learning about relatives in Eu
rope- If the rush of stranded and ]
destitute Americans continues there
will not be enough room at the lega
tion to accommodate all those wait
ing for steamers.
I ■' ---1
German Airship
Is Shot Down
By the United I'resi*.
PARIS, Sept. 3.—It was officially
announced today that one of the Ger
man aeroplanes which have been
dropping bombs on Paris was shot
down by the troops near Gompeigne.
Two German officers who were in the
machine are declared to have been
killed when it collapsed and fell from
a great height.
Neutrality of Sweden
Is Again Proclaimed
STOCKHOLM, Sept. 3.—-Sweden to
day again proclaimed her neutrality
in a statement from the foreign office
denying steps were being taken to
enter the war.
* i
Japs Occupy
Seven Islands
lly (he Associated Press.
DON DON, Sept. 3.—A dispatch to
the Renter Telegram Company from
Tokio via Petrograd (St. Petersburg!
says that the Japanese have occupied
seven islands situated near Kiau
Kaiser and Kaiserin Smiled
at Little “Billy” Dunbar
Spei-lHl to the Kvenlnic Star.
NEW YORK, Sept. 3.—Home look
ed good to two-year-old "Billy’’ Dun
bar, of Brooklyn, who arrived yester
day from Rotterdam on the steam
ship Ryndatn, but there Is one place
that he wants to get to and that is
Asbury Park where his grandma is.
Reported to Have Been Surren
dered by Governor on
August 29.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Sept. 3.—A dispatch re
ceived here from Wellington, N. Z.,
de dares that the governor of New
Zealand has received a message
stating that the German governor of
Samoa has surrendered and that he
has been sent with other German
prisoners to the Kikl Islands.
The landing of British troops in
Samoa was carried out with great
expedition. The Union .lack was
hoisted over German Samoa at 12:30
in the afternoon of August 29.
The Samoan, on Navigator Islands,
in the Pacific ocean, up to the present
time, have been owned jointly by the
United States and Germany, each
country being in possession of two
islands. Upolo and Savaii were the
German holdings.
The British force which took pos
session of this German territory was
sent from New Zealand. The an
nouncement of the British occupancy
whs first made through London Au
gust 30.
The Kikl Islands are a British col
ony about 650 miles southwest of
Star-Spangled Banner Buoy to
Show Where Song Was Written
B.v the Press.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3.—Tile posi
tion of the old British frigate
Minden in Baltimore harbor, aboard
which Francis Scott Key wrote the
"Star-Spangled Banner,” after the
bombardment of Fort McHenry one
hundred years ago is to be marked
by a buoy.
It will be known as "The Star
Spangled Banner Buoy,” and prob
ably will be placed in position to
morrow by the lighthouse service.
“Barney” Martin Left Estate
of a Little Over $5,000
NEW YORK, Sept. 3.—Bernard F.
Martin, one of the “old guard’ of
Tammany Hall, left only $3U0 in real
estate and $5,000 in personal property
when he died August 10 at Atlantic
Highlands. Mr. Martin also failed to
make a will, and Surrogate Cohalan
was forced to issue letters of admin
istration yesterday to Bernard F.
Martin, a son.
Sanguinary Battle Continues as
Germans Hurl Fresh Troops
Against Allied Defense.
News of Signal Victory Is Momentarily
Expected in Petrograd—Claim Ger
man Army in Prussia Inactive.
By the Associated Press:
WASHINGTON, Sept. 8.—Advices of the withdrawal of the left
wing of the allies toward Paris and the removal of the French capital
to Bordeaux was contained in a private dispatch revived at the French
embassy today from Paris. The cablegram bears yesterday's dtc.
By the United Press:
PARIS, Sept. 3.—Tlie heviest fighting on the French front today
was that in which the French left and the German right are still en
gaged, the Germans throwing their greatest weight on the allied line
that extended, roughly speaking, from Just south of Montididler to
Roy® unfl Noyon. The German cavalry had swept south to the neigh
borhood of Compeigne and Soissons and has been engaged for forty
eight hours with the united llritish-French cavalry divisions. The
lighting covers a wide stretch and is reported to be chiefly of a skir
mishing nature. The fighting between Montididler, Roye and Noyon la
of the most sanguinary character. The allied line is very strongly in
trenched anil is very heavily supported with artillery and machine guns.
It Is admitted at the war office that the Germans have brought many
fresh troops Into action, and it is considered inevitable that a new liu*
Is being formed on which the allies will fall back.
It is considered certain that the allied lines will eventually have
to fall back to the Paris fortifications. Already there is discussion of
| tile final line of occupation. So far as outward indications are con
j earned the final line of defense wtH be e\ \ f rent el y advantageous to
I the allies. Roughly speaking, it will take the form of a gigantic let
ter "Z."
The first line will extend northeast to a point inthevlclnity of ha
Fere. The second will extend roughly to the southeast to Rheims.
The third will extend northeast again to Mladeres and the fourth south
east toward Verdun. . This latter line, however, is mobile, Inasmuch are
in very great strength all through this trritory. The military experts
declare that a line of tids character will give the French a material
advantage. It will all he heavily entrenched, the angles resting in
strongly fortified positions. To attack the German* would be compelled
to divide their forces and move against forces that have all of th*)
natural advantages of positions strongly equipped with artillery and
rapid-fire guns that have already caused great execution.
“On account of the turning movement of the Germans toward our
left wing, and in order not to accept battle under conditions which
might have been unfair, our troops withdrew toward the south and
southwest,” tt said. “Our forces have stopped for the time being the
enemy in the Bethel regions. The situation remains the same in the
centre ami on our right. In western Prussia two Russian army corps
have suffered a reverse, hut one that can be repaired between 27th and
20t)l. The invesfing of Koenlgsberg in eastern Prussia Is now nearly
The dispatch added that at the request of the commanding gen
eral at Paris, who feared the presence of the government might hamper
his defense of the city, the capital would he removed from Paris to
Bv the Associated Press:
PARIS, Sept. 3.—Presiden Poincaire and his cabinet have gone
to Bordeaux, the new French seat of government. They arrived there
fids morning.
By (he Associa(ed Press:
BONBON, Sept. .1.—The Petrograd (St. Petersburg) correspondent
of the Post sends the following on the operations on the Russian front:
“Russia is scoring success after success against Austria and is
momentarily expecting news of a signal victory.
“The commander-in-chief on the Austrian front apparently plans
to drive in strongly with one army from the east, starting from the
Russian provinces adjoining Roumanin. and in the meantime merely
aims to restrain the Austrian advances into the Polish provinces, thus
keeping Austria on the alert along the line of two to three hundred
“While pushiiig temporary advances In South Poland the Russians
were forcing their way westward front Podolla and Bessarabia upon
Bern berg. When the Austrians finally realized these plans they at
tempted to turn the Russian left flank near Hnlioz, near the Junction of
the Anita Bipa river with the Dneister, and a sanguinary fight took
place there two days ago. The Austrians were signally defeated, los
ing 5,000 killed and many prisoners, including one general, thirty-two
guns, a standard and quantities of supplies.
“Apparently the progress of the southern Russian army from Po
dolia In Galicia has been a series of tights on an increasing scale until
j a third river, known as the Foul Ijipa, was reached. The fight for the
i possession of the valley of the Foul Lipa was severe. The Austrians
had realized the strength of the Russians and had strongly fortified
a naturally formidable position. This was carried after ail obstinate
' light. The Austrian force, a whole army corps, lost about half of its
i strength,
“These actions occupied the Russian left, her right still being In
Russian territory. It Is evident that all the actions wore part of a
concerted movement with the surrounding of Lemberg as Its objective,
thus dealing a death blow to the Austrian defense.”
A dispatch to the Reuter Telegram Company from Pctrograd gives
the following ofllciul announcement:
“The battle on the east front in Galicia was participated in by
the Twelfth Austrian corps, which had only been transferred from the
Roumanian frontier on August Sit. The Austrian army has been rein
' forced by numerous bodies of the Landsturm.
“Our troops continue the offensive Increasingly and our cavalrr
division has penetrated far into the Interior of Fast Prussia, destroying
means of communication. They have also occupied a station in tha
Koerschen region and Soldau and Bensburg.
“The German forces remain inactive."
0. *

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