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Newark evening star and Newark advertiser. [volume] (Newark, N.J.) 1909-1916, November 24, 1914, STATE EDITION, Image 8

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Newark Cffoenmg £tar
Published every afternoon. Sundays excepted, by the
Newark Daily Advertiser Publishing Company.
fjntoced as second-class matter, February 1, 1908, at th«
f Postolfiee, Newark.
Member of the Associated Press and American Nevvspapet
Publishers' Association.
Main OFFICE.Nranforti place and Nutria street
'Phone KIM Market.
vVANGE OFFICE.179 Main street, Orange
•Phone 4300 Orange.
(JARRISON OFFICE.314 Harrison avenue, Harrison
•Phono 2187-M, Harrison.
SUMMIT OFFICE.Beech wood road and Bank street
'Phone 1040 W. Summit
IRVINGTON OFFICE.1027 Springfield avenue
'Phone Waverly 702.
HICAOO OFFICE_Paul Block. Inc., Mailers Building
NEW YORK OFFICE.v’aul Block, Inc., >. "■ 1 or.
28th street and Fifth avenue.
xTBANTIC CITY.The Dorland Advertising Agency
BOSTON OFFICE. . . .Paul Block, Inc., 201 Devonshire st.
DETROIT OFFICE.Paul Block, Inc... Kresge Hldg ,
Detroit, Mich.
Mat! Subscription Hates < Postage Prepaid within the
Postal Union 1.
One year. $3.00; si* months, $1.50; three months, 80
cents; one month, 30 cents
Delivered by carriers in any part of Newark, the Or
anges. Harrison, Kearny, Montclair, Bloomfield and all
neighboring towns. Subscriptions may be sent to the
brain or branch offices.
' War contract scandals there were galore in the
early years of our great Civil War and many millions
■viere squandered in the way of excessive prices paid
by the government, and rotten food, clothing and
ulher materials furnished under these contracts.
.Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania, was tho war sec
retary and gave out the contracts, and they were all
personal favors. Cameron resigned about the time the
vandals got too rauk.
They are having some of that experience in Eng
land In contract-making. The government depart
ments are spending hundreds of millions for supplies,
and this lavish expenditure could not fall to have the
elect on the official conduct that cost this nation so
dearly during the Civil War. Moreover, supply Arms
have marie combinations to fleece the government by !
grossly Inflated prices. It Is alleged that, one com- |
bination has compelled the government to pay nine
dollars a ton more In its iron contracts than the I
prices openly quoted for private purchasers.
This exhibition of sordid greed is humiliating to j
a nation and provokes the scoffing of the outside ;
world. We were unmercifully criticised by European j
opinion In 1861-2 when contract scandals were at j
t.heir height, and we can now afford to criticise the
utter lack of patriotic spirit revealed in the English ,
contract scandals, which so well matches the evident [
decadence of that spirit among the crowds of young j
men who patronize the football game3 and are deaf]
io the call of their country.
bles next month, and very properly. At the last ses
sion. because our relations with Mexico were critical
questions were not asked as to the State Depart
ment’s policy. The belief was vaguely entertained
that it would all come out right in the wash.
And here without a word of explanation out
army is made to scuttle out of Vera Cruz without
: any formality of handing it over to some authority.
, | Zapata might have marched in on the heels of 0111
j troops to sack the city.
1 The opening of a co-operative kitchen at Mont
clair is an experiment by intelligent people in the
way of solving two problems, those of the cost of
living and domestic help. The experiment has at
tracted wide attention and interest and if it proves
successful there will be many ’suburban communities
that will adopt the idea.
A common kitchen for an entire community in
which all meals can be prepared according to the
fancy of each individual housekeeper and served hot
at dwellings is a convenience so obvious that it seems
a wonder the idea should now lie in the experimental
: And yet it is not altogether an experiment. Years
[ago in many American communities the baker cooked
family dinners in his oven at a small charge
although all ho did was the baking. The Montclair
kitchen is to provide everything culinary.
The common kitchen permits the purchase of food
supplies at wholesale, which is an important economy.
It ,15 a guarantee of the quality of food as well as of
honest weight and measure, which also mean econ
omy. It dispense* with the family cook and the
exasperations too frequently associated therewith, and
the housewife j* relieved from onerous daily duties.
Until today there were no accounts of trouble for
| the French in Morocco. Now comes an official dis
i patch, carefully worded, that tells of a serious bat
1 tie between a large French force and the Moors.
Morocco is fanatically Mohammedan, and it Is ev
ident that the proclamation of a holy war by Turkey
has been carried to the tribes and has had the de
sired effect. The country was too recently con
quered by the French to be depended on in an emer
1 geney of war. Half savage tribes did not readily
render allegiance to new masters.
The outbreak in Morocco, the extent of which can
only be conjectured, extends the area of the European
war. which now includes Egypt and the Soudan, to
gether with South and East Africa, a vast extent of
Asia, with also Australia, Oee'aniea and North Amer
ica in Canada. And this war is lees than four months 1
old. It the uprising in Morocco spreads to Tunis
and Algeria, which are French possessions, all North
Africa may soon be in a conflagration of war.
One feature in the program of the ceremonies
which will inaugurate the Panama Canal and the
Panama-Pacific Reposition next spring, the foreign
contingent in the international parade of warships,
will be sadly lacking. All of the nations with navies
had originally promised to be represented, but that
was when some of them did not foresee that their
ships might, be rather busy with other matters in
the spring of 1915.
It would he obviously impossible for German,
British. French, Russian. Japanese and Austrian
warships to be assembled peacefully at Hampton
Roads for the trip through the canal to San Fran
cisco, and probably before the spring Italy and Greece
will have the same reasons for their absence.
What promised to be a great international spec
tacle will, therefore, be virtually confined to our own
warships. And yet who shall say now what emer
gency may not arise for our country to compel the
abandonment of the ceremonies altogether?
Secretary Bryan should not resign office until he
Informs a much-puzzled public why the Atlantic fleet
was sent to Vera Cruz and why General Funston's
army was landed. Indeed, now that Vera Cruz has
been abandoned, leaving the city exposed to the
.chances of the new civil war now in progress, there
•seems to be no reason why the information should
not be forthcoming. The country is entitled to know.
Reasons will be asked in Congress after it assem
Among the features of the plan of Mayor Mitcbel's
food supply committee for better marketing condi
tions in New Tork to reduce the cost of living none
Is more important than municipal cold storage. As
the executive committee says in its report, the city
has spent many millions of dollars building reser
voirs to store water for future use and not a dollar to
preserve food.
Private refrigerator plants fall far short of pres
ent needs, for at this day there Is not an Inch of
unoccupied cold storage space in Greater New York
or Jersey City. Municipally owned or controlled re
frigerators would be the most effective weapon that
could be devised against the exactions of the pro
vision trusts. Without them there is no sense in
building up a system of terminal facilities and mar
_L. ..J._.
The trial of Henry Siegel for his acts in connec
tion with the bankruptcies of his large business in
terests in New York and Chicago did not attract the
public attention it warranted, because it was over
shadowed by much greater events. In ordinary times
such a trial would command national attention.
Siegel was triod on one count of his indictment.
The defense offered no evidence and his conviction
last evening by the jury in the case was inevitable. |
Siegel will be free on ball until next June and will \
have six months to make good to his creditors before
the comparatively light sentence imposed will bo
carried out, but It is highly improbable that he will
ever be Interned In a dungeon cell.
The stale and Reform.
From the Jtochester Democrat
The French dramatist, Brieux. Is
visiting tills country and is giving
a series of lectures on "The Theatre
!is an Instrument for Social Better
ment." There is no reason why the
theatre shouldn't lie a powerful in
strument for social betterment, but
it will never fulfil that high function
through dramatic atrocities like the
Brieux play, "Damaged Goods.' Kx
Oloitlng and mouthing over degrad
ing subjects will not raise moral
standards, and may lower them. A
play like "Damaged Goods” is a fail
ure in the one purpose that excuses
its existence. The "horrible example”
never convinced anybody. The wrong
doer, the man without moral Idea's,
Is always able to persuade himself
that be, at least, will be clever
enough to escape the consequences of
his wrongdoing.
If the presentation in the theatre
of the wholesome comforts and pleas
ures which are the fruits ot whole
some. conduct is not sufficiently pow
erful to promote social betterment,
the playw-rights have another instru
ment which Is formidable, which
human beings can never face with
indifference—that Is. ridicule. In
France social reforms of a profound
and sweeping nature were brought
about by Mo’iere's incomparable com
edies. Moliere struck at faults of
character—dangled men's weaknesses
hefore their eyes and laughed at
• rhem. Moliere showed his auditors
'hat "the devil is an ass,” and they
straightway began to give the devil
the cold shoulder.
The theatre as an instrument of se
rial reform can never be more than a
moulder of character—can never do
more than hold up before us a dislllu
■ sioni-.tng mirror. Whenever the the
atre becomes specific and didactic it
becomes a bore, and nobody goes to it
except persons who are reformers
themselves and do not need its teach
ings. When the the,atre becomes
dreary, morbid and degrading the
baser emotions are excited and the
‘•lesson" is lest.
Are there no modern playwrights
with the penetrating eye and a sense
i of humor? Are there no dramatists
; .l-ie to assail our greed, our lack of
•eriousness. our disregard of conse
i quenr.es, with the bitter ridicule with
which Moliere, in “Tartuffe.” flays the
Imposter and the person who permits
himself to be imposed upon? American
theatre-goers have a notorious weak
ness for remedy: they ‘‘want to
laugh.” The playsmith who can make
them laugh to some purpose will ac
complish much more In the way of
"social betterment” than will Brieux
l tilth his salacious solemnity.
Plight of the Railroad Commuter*.
’ From the Philadelphia Public Ledger.
It was the evident intention of the
framers of the Public Service Com
! mission law of July 36, 1613. to pat
upon the public the burden of proof j
when complaints of unreasonable or i
unjust rates are made before the j
State Commission. Cnder the law •
there is no power vested in that body
to suspend a proposed schedule of [
ratea pending an investigation of its
equity. The railroads may put into j
effect, despite the universal protests
of the commuters, their proposed In
crease of rates; but the commission
offers a slight promise of relief when
it intlmnte-s that it will require the
railroads to issue receipts to pas
sengers for the excess charge. In
the event of the new' rates being j
overruled as "unreasonable or un- j
just,” reparation will thus be faeil-j
itated. This means, of course, that
the proceedings will be protracted
and that passengers must submit to
the higher rate until the commission
shall determine the question at Issue. |
The fact that the railroads are act- j
ins strictly in line with the express j
suggestion of the Interstate Com- j
merce Commission, to the effect that j
it was their duty to increase their j
passenger revenues, does not in the
least mitigate the hardship imposed
by the increased rates upon suburban
residents. Without going Into the
question whether the new; fares are
or not a just charge for the .service
rendered, it is indisputable that a
large suburban traffic hae been built
up at tbe direct Invitation of the
railroads, who fixed low commutation
and excursion fares as an induce
ment for the development of the
rural and semirural districts close
to Philadelphia.
The family of small means remov- j
ing to the country from the congested
city streets usually takes into careful
account before doing so the cost of
transportation, and the rates nat
urally assume in his mind the char
acter of a contrast between the rider
and the company. To have these fixed
charges suddenly increased is an un
deniable hardship, and it is not
surprising that the protest should lie
.universal and vehement. On the other
nand, the position of the railroads is
no less bard. Denied by the Inter
state Commerce Commission the
privilege of increasing revenue by the
addition of a charge where it will lie
least felt by the general public, the
companies are not only confronted by
the absolute necessity of more money
to balance depleted income and in
creased operating expenses, bat they
are expressly told by the Federal
Hoard ro look to their passenger
traffic for the additional revenue they
req uire.
Ground thus between tile upper and
the nether millstones of authority and
necessity, the passengers’ only re
course is to an appeal to the State
and Federal powers and to a costly
and troublesome litigation.
The railroads have doubtless studied
the probable effects upon travel of a
radical increase of fares. That it will
tend to discourage passenger traffic is
certain, and in the case of the
suburban service the increased rate?
should directly stimulate the traffic of
the several electric lines and deepen
public interest in the pending projects
for rapid transit extensions within
the city limits. If the increase of
passenger fares has been made for its j
psychological effect on the freight
rate situation, there may be an early ]
return to the former rates. A good I
deal depends upon what the Interstate !
Commerce Commission means to do j
about the appeal for the reopening of I
the freight rate case of the Eastern j
roads. The suburbanites would do )
well to remember that, while their im- j
mediate recourse must be to the State j
Commission, the Federal body holds
the key to the situation, and it Is to
it that they must look for real relief
from a hardship that is both un
reasonable and unjust.
Fnknovrn America.
From the Baltimore N*Wfc.
Nine men in ten, it may safely be
guessed, if asked to speculate where
TTngava was would feci pretty cer
tain that they had heard of it in
interior Africa. If told that it is
twice as big as Texas, they might
marvel a hit that anything of that
site, even in Africa, should have es
caped them.
But Ungava isn't in Africa at all.
It is one of the big pieces of un
known America, and constitutes, in
fact, approximately the north half orf
the province of Quebec, Canada. It
was turned over to Quebec a few
years ago, and has recently been
made the subject of a curious report
prepared by the provincial govern
It appears chat various people have
in the last two or three centuries
taken the trouble to explore bits of
Ungava and write more or less about
what they found; but these writings
have never till now been gathered
together so as to provide a general
view of the huge country. This work
of collation has been done by the
provincial authorities.
The Ungava region is iri general a
vast plateau, 1,500 to 2,000 feet high.
Perhap- a fourth of its area is oc
cupied by lakes. There is a groat
network of rivers, among which are
some of the most wonderful water
falls In the world. One of these falls
is declared to have a sheer drop of
102 feet; its potential water power
development., at lowest stage of the
river, is calculated at 120,000.
It is gathered from the authorities
that the country’s climate is an se
vere that little of it will ever be use
ful ror agricultural purposes. Thai,
however, will be taken with allow
ance by people who know what
Northern Russian and Middle A lash a
can do agriculturally. The timber
baa largely been burned over, and
large trees are now to be found main
ly along the rivers only,
Ungava Is almost twice the area
of Germany, and In all the world
there are few regions so extensive
that are so little known.
t Bontmnn Rewarded With 875,000 for rav
ine Life 38 Years Aro.
MONTVILLE, Conn.. Nov. 24.—A De
quest ol $75,000 is the reward whirl
lias just been given to 11. A. Hollos
of this place, it was learned yes
j terday, for saving a little girl from
' drowning in the Thames rivet
I twenty-eight years ago.
The girl, the daughter of a Mr.
• Trumbull, of New York city, had
, ' fallen from her father's yacht. Bolles,
J who was a boatman at that time, said
I yesterday be remembered merely that
,1 iter father asked him, "What is your
! name?" Holies heal'd nothing further,
i Mr. Trumbull died within the last
two weeks, and Mr, Holies has jus!
ibeen informed of the bequest by the
executors of the estate.
Bavarian soldier* Drink I eu I’int* of
liver an Hour in Belgium.
LONDON, Nov. 24 —The Standard's
Uerlin correspondent says the Ber
liner Tageulatt relates that In the
Belgian village of Heveren 150 Bava
rian soldiers, who had taken part In
the siege of Antwerp, drank 1,486
litres of beer within two hours.
Each Bavarian soldier thus drank,
in round figures, nearly twenty pint^
within two hour*.
The Tageblatt has no other com
•'ment than Line it was satisfactory
to find that the Belgian beer was fit
! for Bavarian consumption.
Uo.irl Maid Will* *11.Mu to Member* ol
family She Ser>eil.
j NEW YORK. Nov. 24.—The will of
j Miss Margaret Honeyford, filed yes
r terday in the Surrogate's Court, left
all her fortune, of $11,300. to members
of the family for whom she had work
ed since she came from Ireland in
1882. She was engaged at Castlr Car
den, immediately after landing here,
by a. member of the family in whose
employ she was when she died. Au
gust 1. , ,
Miss Honeyford left rio heirs or
next of kin so far as known. When
she died she was in the employ of
Mrs. Amelia R. Lowther. of 757 West
End avenue, and to her the servant
left $1,500 and inferred to her as "my
friend." To "my friends," Mrs. Em
ma Stephens Spear and her daughter.
Helen Louise Spear, members of the :
same family as Mrs. Lowther, the
testatrix left two-thirds and one- i
third, respectively, of the residue of j
her estate.
School Hoard Will Not Buy Any .More j
European Map* l oti 1 War End*.
PITTSBURGH. Nov. 24.—No more I
maps of Europe will he purchased by j
the Pittsburgh Board of Education !
for use in the local public schools un- ,
til the warring nations settle down !
and quit changing European gc- j
ography. This was decided upon at j
a meeting here yesterday Members
of the board declared that to lay In a
supply now would on ■ m
ing up on ancient history at the rate
boundary lines were being changed. ,
The board spends $2,000 annually for I
n I,
Labor News
ii il
The Brotherhood of Railway Car
Men has a membership of 40,000. j
In Tokio, Japan, the number of un
employed frequently exceeds 100,000.
It is estimated that there are 100,000
cloak makers in Greater New York.
An attempt is being made t.o or
ganize the cloak workers at Cleve
land, O.
I’ublic school teachers in Cleveland,
O., have won their fight for the right
to organize.
Illness among the workers annually
involves a loss of $750,000,000 in the
United States.
Methodist Episcopal preachers in
this country have an average annual
income of $037.
New York Chandelier Workers’
Union has just organized an Italian
branch in the Industry.
At the recent convention of Bridge
and Structural Iron Workers, J. E.
McClory. of Cleveland, was elected
president; J. A. Johnson, Newark. N.
J.. first vice-president; William J
McCain. Kansas City, Mo., second
vice-president; Harry Jones, Indian
apolis. re-elected secretary.
Where Boys Rare Turtle* at Sea.
In the Galapagos Islands, that
strange group lying off the coast of
Ecuador, to which they belong, there
seems to be something unknown to
science, but firmly believed in by the
natives, that attracts turtles. It is,
Indeed, to turtles, the huge ancient t
specimens found in the volcanic hills
of which I have written here, that the |
islands find their chief claim to the |
interest of the rest of the world. But
whatever the interest to science these
monsters of a past age may hold, the
smaller living specimens found along
the shores find a keen sporting regard
among the native hoys.
Almost any fine day you may see the
youngsters, often innocent of bathing
suits, creeping along the beach to sur
prise the turtles basking in the sun.
With a whoop a boy will fling hints' if
on the back of a somnolent turtle,
grasp the shell where it projects above
the neck, and when the startled ani
mal rises and lumbers off to I he water,
follow along whooping in sheer de
Once in its element the turtle's
speed changes from slowness to an
amazing swiftness, and off through
tho waves the boy rides in a mist of
spray. Sometimes half a. dozen
youngsters try to race their steeds,
but they never can keep them going
In a straight course. The sport end"
when they lose their grips on the
turtle and arc compelled to swim
Wearily back to land.
Evening Star s |
Daily Puzzle j
. c_
Wliat fieriod of time?
limtvcr <o Ye#terdi»:r’» Pn*ele.
I would like to Jiave money and all it will buy.
But 1 never will lie to obtain it;
For wealth I am eager and ready to try,
But there's much that l won’t do to gain it.
1 won't spend my life in a money-mad chase.
And I'll never work children to win it;
I won’t interfere with another man’s race
Though millions, perhaps, may be in it
There are prosperous things that are crusted with shame.
That I vow 1 will never engage in.
There is many a crooked and dishonest game
With a large and a glittering wage in,
But I want to walk out with my head held erect.
Nor bow it and sneakingly turn it;
Above all your money 1 place self-respect
I’m eager for gold—but I’ll earn it.
—Edgar A. Guest, in Detroit Free Press.
Grace Darling, Mary Walker, Frances Burnett
Copyrighted i»«.
Today is liie ninety-ninth anniver
sary of the birth of the English hero
ine, Grace Darling. The story of how
the lightousTlieepei's daughter who
went out with her father when the
Forfarshire steamboat was wrecked
and with him braved the perils of the
storm to rescue four men and one
woman is well known to everyone.
Hundreds of other wmen of Eng
land had dne deeds quite as heron/
and brave, but for some reason the
story of Grace Darling appealed to
English men and women, .and before
many days had passed Grace Dar
ling’s name was on the tip of every
Englishman’s tongue. So many re
quests came for locka ol’ Grace Dar
ling's hair that she said she was in
danger of becoming bald. Batty’s cir
cus—the Barnum’s of England In
those days—offered her a fine salary
if she would join their troup, and one
theatrical manager went so far as to
advertise her appearance on the stage.
The old lighthouse keeper himself
< omplained to a local paper that seven
times in twelve days he and his
daughter had to pose for photograph
Id"! and chai this interfeied with tile
; duties 1 hey had to perform In the
i lighthouse.
One of the most remarkable things
| about Grace Darling was that she j
| never was spoiled by all the attention .
1 Nho received. She continued to lead I
i 1he quiet secluded life she was accun- j
i tpmerl to In the lightouae until her,
! death, when she was twenty-seven.
I Dr. .Mary Walker was born Novem- j
j her 24, 1832. in Oswego, N. Y. She was
j a descendant of New England Puri
: tans and a relative of James Whit
j comb HI ley and Colonel Robert Jnger- j
j soil. She began her career as a school !
teacher, was married young, and j
after that studied medicine, being
graduated when she was twenty-three i
from a medical college.
Dr. Walker is per nape best known j
for her activity in dress reform for j
women. She herself went to far as to j
adopt full male attire. In the Civil
War she volunteered her services to
the'cause of the Union and was the
first woman to hold the position of as
sistant army surgeon. She made the
claim to being the flr*t woman in this
country to attempt to vote.
Opportunity for Trade in Argentina
The present opportunity for Amer
ican exporters to secure extensive
trade advantages in Argentina is set
forth succintly in a cablegram from
the Argentine minister of foreign re
lations to the Argentine ambassador
to the United States, .Mr. Naon. This
cablegram has been transmitted to the
department of commerce as the offi
cial summary of present conditions
by the Argentine government and is
as follows: i
"There is at present no congestion
of merchandise in our ports. Wheat;
and flour arc not exported at present
because of the embargo established
by the. executive power on those
products. Corn, meat and wool are
exported without great difficulty, but
we fear the scarcity of the means of
transportation for our production in
the near tuture. A very effective out
let would be the arrival of steamers
trom the United States with usual
■cargoes—that is to say. impuro
naphtha, wood, iron, agricultural ma
chines and implements, petroleum,
furniture, lubricating oils, etc. Those
boats would return with our prod-,
ucts—'that is to say, meat, wool, hides, j
quebracho, live stock, etc. American
manufacturers can occupy the placo
left vacant by European industry in
all the branches that have been
served by it. The present moment
offers to American manufacturers
very appreciable advantages for occu
pying positions,'profiting by the pros
en t European inability. In order to
get these advantages they must take !
the initiative themselves, sending, at
least small cargoes and also agents,
and especially adapting themselves to
the custom of not demanding cash
payment, as has been practiced by
others with very well-known success,
fundamental Commercial Conditions In
The opportunity for United States
exporters is all the better because
of the spirit of impartiality and fair
ness toward all foreign goods which
governs fundamental commercial con
dition? in Argentina. This point is |
elaborated in a recent communica
tion from the Argentine minister of
finance, Senor Enrique Onrbo, to a
financial institution in the United
States, which also sets forth the nil*
portance of helping the industries
necessary to the development ot Ar
gentine commerce in order to reap an
ultimate trade benefit. The articlo
follows: . , ...
"I believe that commercial relations
based upon the constant interchange
of the product* that arc required by
the two countries for consumption or |
for the development of their economic
activities will necessarily strengthen
the international tics between them
and stimulate other relationship to
the profit of this republic and of its
worthy North American sister. I do
not believe that it is possible ior
commercial intercourse between two
free nations to result in loss to the
one and profit to the other. In the
development of commercial relations
with our country the United States
need only follow the example of Eu
ropean countries that. have most
rapidlv succeeded in occupying the
fust place in the Argentine market.
Thev gave the initial impulse to in
dustries that were, most necessary to
the development of our commerce.
They consulted our merchants regard- j
jug the tendencies and the tastes of j
our consumers and granted them
credit facilities by founding in this
country great banking institutions;
also, they have established excel’ent
lines of navigation and maintained
continental traffic by means of mod
erate freight rates. In order to keep {
the transportation service going they j
arranged to take the greater part of
cur products to supply their markets
lid their big manufacturing con
"such a system of encouraging
mmerco has proved profitable to
-be countries that put it into prac
* ice as Is shown by this world’s 00111
leirlal statistics of the last thirty
■ears. In these the United State*
acres as one of our best customers.
• reoisely because of the adoption of
the methods referred to.
I “Neither the United States nor anv
other country has ever found nor will
any ever find any obstacle in the way
r f the exercise of its full commerc’al
activities in this republic. Argentine
legislation is liberal to business. Our
custom house regulations have not
been modified for some ten years.
They influence imports so little that
prices ruling on the markets have
shown scarcely any effect on account
of them. The taxes levied on goods
for international consumption arc the
; smallest possible. The same thing
may be said of the r. public's fiscal
burden upon our national industries,
our transportation 1' n ami our
business with the neighboring repub
lics that are sunp’ied from our mar
kets or through our ports.
Tariff 1’ollc.v—Information a* to Po,,ibl»
Imports from United State*.
“Our tariff policy is based upon ab
solute international impartiality. One
Clause in article 74 of our customs law
make? reciprocity treaties unnecesss
it because it authorized the executive
to reduce by one-half the duties on
goods Imported from countrice that
allow special privileges to Argentine
products, and to increase by
as much as half the tariff
on the imports front coun
tries that take measures which ben
efit the entry of merchandise of
other nations to the detriment ol' our
exports. Legislation is now' trending
that will create a permanent organ
of the government, whose mission
will be to propose gradual modifica
tions of duties as the necessities of
our internal economy and those of
our foreign commerce require. In
my opinion the United States could
not have a better opportunity than
exists at the present moment to de
velop its commerce in the countries
reached by the river Plate, either by
Increasing the quantity sold here of
North American products which com
peted before with those of Kuropean
countries now at war, or by promot
ing new industries that may supply
such articles as are not now exported
from your country.
"Tlic department under my direc
tion is able to supply representatives
of business in the United States
with lists of the principal imports
which your nation may undertake to
market in Argentina with assurance
of success and of probable increase
in the future.
Investment Opportnnities—Ocean Tr*n*
"There is an increasing development
of profitable opportunities for Invest
ments of foreign capital In this coun
try. The i>eoj>le of North America
can with advantage apply their own
experience in studying this phase of
opportunity in Argentina. The capi
tal which has run the greatest risk
has been that which was attracted by
high interest rates. The rapid in
crease in land values has brought ex
traordinarily large returns within the
shortest possible time. Hut capital
invested with the productive capacity
of the soil, the development of agri
culture and the cattle industries, and
the manufacture of our natural
products taken into account can rely
upon profits that come somewhat
more slowly, but are undoubtedly
more certain. The expansion to their
present proportions of many of the
largest concerns in the. republic is due
to this conservative method of opera
"Finally. 1 must advise you that wo
possess only the beginning of a mer
cantile marine, and this is needed for
exclusive coast service between the
cities and along the navigable rivers.
Fortunately, the countries that have
commercial relations with us have
understood that the best way to de
velop those relations was through the
estubl|»hment of great navigation
lines, and the organization- of com
panies destined exclusively for trans
portation in the Southern hemisphere.
“I hope that this which I have said
may be of service and that it will con
tribute to the impulse that will in
crease business relations between the
Argentine Republic and the United
Author of “Pushing to the Front.*’ Ei.g.
Copyright 1914.
In his baccalaureate sermon to the
last graduating class of Vale Univer
sity President Haulcy Baid:
“A man's success or failure in life
is not measured by Ills success or
failure In winning the race. It is
measured by his success or failure
in accepting the responsibilities of the
position for which he has proved his
Proprietors of lai ge com eras are
often very much exercised by the
death of a superintendent or lieu-1
tenant who lias managed with ex-i
reptlomu ability. They are fearful
that very disastrous results may fol
low, and believe it will be almost im
possible to All his place: but. while
they are looking around to.find a
man big enough for the plat e, some
one, perhaps, who was under the
former chief, attends to Ills duties
1 temporarily, and makes even a better
manager than his predecessor.
J have In mind a young man who
developed such amazing ability within
six months from the date of a very
important promotion that lie sur
prised everybody who knew him.
Kveu liis best friends did not he-1
lleve that it was in him. But the;
great responsibilities, the momentous!
situation; thrust upon him brought
out his reserve power, and he very
quickly showed of what stuff he was!
made. This promotion, and e little
stock in tli» concern, which had been
given him. aroused his ambition and
called out a mighty power which be
fore he did not dream that he
Tens of thousands of young men
and young women of today are only
waiting for a chance to prove them
telves, waiting for an opportunity to
try their wings, and when the oppor
tunity. the responsibility, comes they
will he equal to anything that con
fronts them.
I have known of several instances
where daughters reared in luxury
were suddenly thrown upon their own
resources bj the death of their pa
rents and the loss of their inherited
fortunes. They had not been brbuwPW
up to work, and had no idea iibw '
I earn a livelihood: and yet all at on ’’
i they developed marvelous ability 10
doing thing's and earning a living.'
The power wan there, latent; bui •
snonsiblllty had not hitherto !.--?> ’!
thrust upon them.
So one ever Knows just how n.u1. '
dyrnatlc force there is In him u.it
tested by a great emergence ,or
supreme crisis. Oftentimes n .o'
reach middle life, and often fch -
before they really discover thviu-'
solvos. In til some great erne' yrr
las.*, or sorrow', liar retire:! their u. : '
bei- they cannot tel’, how much stray
they ran stand. Xo emergency g>-. .
enough to cal! out their latent pxv.
ever before confronted theiv:. m ’■!
they did not themselves realise
they would be equal to until the g.-v
crisis confronted them.
Many people never discover them
selves or know their possibilities be*
cause they always shrink from rt
sponsibllity They lease themselvr..-.
to somebody else and die with their'
greater possibilities urjreleaaed. un
I believe it it the duty of every
young person to have an ambition, to
be independent, to be his own master,
and to resolve that he will not be mi
somebody’s else call all his life—thin.
h< will at least belong to himself
that he will be a whole machine, al
though it may be a small one, rather
than part of someone’s else machine,
You may not have the ambition, the
desire, or the Inclination to take re
sponsibility. You may prefer to bav e
an easier life, and to let somebody
else worry about the payment of notes
and debts, the hard times, the dull,
seasons, and the panics. But. if \»-.r
expect to bring out the greatest possi
bilities in you—if growth, with the
largest possible expansion of your
powers, is your goal—you cannot
realize yoar ambition in the fullest,
and complete** sense while merely
trying to carry out Homebody’s eke
program and letting him furnish the
ideas and take all the responsibility.
A. B., At. A., M.‘ D. (.Johns Hopkins;.
Trint Cause of a Sneeze and Saxe Pays
of Illness.
A "Gesundhelt” or "God bless
you” after someone sneezes is a
modern survivlal of the ancient su
perstition that a sneeze means health,
wealth and happiness. Centuries
ago no less than today, a sneeze was
an omen of good fortune—a sacred
sign of the gods. This superstition
was ancient even before Homer wrote
his "Iliad" and “Odyssey.”
Aristotle, with Ills greatest of
brains, riddled this belief and asked
why coughing was less divine than
sneezing. It takes, however, more
than 2.000 years to explode a fallacy
and a legion of wiser men than Aris
totle would fall in the task. People
hug such delusions to their hearts
and all the king's horses and all the
king's men cannot rid mankind of
their nonsensical beliefs. As for this
particular one of sneezing, why It all
harks hack to the days of Prome
theus, who blessed his man of clay
whenever he sneezed.
The rabbis account for the ”Ge
sundholt” or "Your health," used
when Jews and Germans sneeze, in
a biblical way. It was. they say.
only through Jacob's struggle with
the angel that sneezing ceased to ire
an act fatal to man. Thus the ex
pression arose.
sneezes of Mystery.
Sneezing received such homage nec
alone in Palestine, Greece and Home,
but also In Asia, Africa and among
the Aztecs and Incas of ancient
America. Xenophon discusses it at
the court of the King of Persia. In
Mesopotamia and Africa the populace
gave themselves over to rejoicing
whenever the king sneezed.
In the time of Pope Gregory the
Great there was some mysterious
malady—it may have been some poi
son mixed with the snuff that was
then taken—which so affected those
who sneezed that they at once fell
into a death trance. The Pope him
self became so alarmed at the death
of many courtiers that he Inaugu
rated prayers to he uttered the in
stant the paroxysms began. "God
bless you” was then said In Latin,
and it was expected to avert the pas
sage across the Styx.
The prize winner of the sneezing
troupe rests between hay fever and
those tiny tumors of the nose called
"polyps.” Crushed Ice and pollen
anti-toxin helps to minimize these
paroxysms in hay fever, but only
the removal of the polyps will elimi
nate the compound sneeze bombard
ments when due to these jelly-like
swellings in the nostrils.
Methods of Prevention.
Usually o sneeze is the red flag
and low bridge signal of approaching
trouble. Treat the cause of a sneeze
In time and you may save many days
of illness. If you will rub a tlrin
film of white precipitate ointment
well up the nose immediately after a
sneeze you may succeed in side
tracking, blocking or doing away
with a ( respective aulumn “cold" or
Infection, which is on the pathologi
cal road to Mandalay,
The flimsiest feather, the most dc 11
cate flake of dust, the supremest
ultra-microscopic microbe which in
sinuates itself into the lining of your
nostril will flash an impulse through
your olfaqtorj nerves to the brain
and medulla oblongata, down your
windpipe and out through your sur
prised muscles as a sneeze.
If the irritation happens to be thorn-*
pestiferous germs, which knd frien 1*
and a oruei language call “cold?,
they will start right in to rauitlp.y
and flourish. Morever, with eac,j
flourish, if nothing has been dent,
there will be a sneeze.
Usually an antiseptic—such as men
tioned—will check the invasion.
hot foot bath, a, hot glass of milk or
lemonade, ami mother’s good friend,
castor oil, will do the rest.
Ear sneezing, is a not uncommon,
example of this symptom. When in
flammations spread up the ear vent—■
the eustachlao tube—sneezes may
occur. So, also, if wax cakes in thi
ear againBt the drum.
There is no greater chagrin and
disappointment in the human cosmos
than to feci the approach of a sneeze,
to sel yourself comfortably—or un
comfortably—in tune for it, and then
noi to have it materallse. Thle
evaporating "sneeze," if you so ternf
it, is explained in thfs plain, though
uncomforting way. The sneeze im
pulse which has traversed all tlvj
paths which make you have the sen
sation of the oncoming sneeze, is
switched away- from the respiratory
muscles, and like a thunder stornf,*
which cleans up and fails to precipi
tate. this pseudo sneeze "die?
Answers to Health Questions
M. E. U.—What will reduce tip j
swelling of my arm which was left: '
from inflammatory arthritis Them
Hot dry air. cupping, maeBgg.
electricity and Swedish movement*
will help this.
■» * » ■ . S
D. S.-liy baby, fifteen months old.
is beginning In walk, but ho yu
pigeon-toed. What can be done?
Babies of this age usually undei
stand everything fhey are told, even
though you inay not know it. If you
will keep repeating "turn your iil
tic toes out” and accompanywthpst
words with a simultaneous action of
moving his little feet outward, in t
month or two his pigeon-toes will b.
gone and. he will be walking intelli
gently. Pigeon-toes are a bad habit
due to ignorance.
P*. S. A.—I have broken dov.n
arches. Is there anything that cai
be done for them?
Toe exercises in the stocking ape
bare feet three times a day nnn
dancing in very soft cloth shoe*
usually help to restore the arch if i
is kept up.
Dr. ffirshberg will answer quo 3.
tionH for readers of this paper up
medical, hygienic and sanitation sub
jects that are of general interest. Ur
will not undertake to prescribe w
offer advice for individual case*
Where the subject Is not of genera:
interest letters will be answered per
sonally. if n stamped and addressed
envelope is enclosed. Address all h
tjuiries to Dr. D. K. Ilirshberg. car.
this office.
Dr. Hirslibera will answer (mention*
for reader* or this paper on medical
Icisienir and sanitation subjects that no
of general interest. Ho will not under
taae to prescribe or offer advice for in
dividual cases. Where the subject Is nai
of general interest letters will be an *
ewereo personally, If a stamped and a«l
dressed entelope is enclosed. Address all
inquiries 1(1 Dr. L. K. IfIrshberr, cart
this office
TOMORROW is a mirage that retreats
as we advance.
It seems only a little bit ahead, and yet
we never reach it.
In considering whether to apply for life
insurance it is especially dangerous to wait
until tomorrow. ,
All the time you are getting older and (
tomorrow is further away

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