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Newark evening star and Newark advertiser. [volume] (Newark, N.J.) 1909-1916, February 17, 1915, HOME EDITION, Image 1

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i Newark ([foenwo^tar HE
ESTABLISHED 1832. S ~ NEWARK, N. J., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1915. ~18 PACEs! WEATHER: /{A,A^i^lAyu ISA&KZ soIrVVtiS**?0*
Farrell, of U. S. Corporation, in
Optimistic Vein at Trade
Board Dinner.
Speaker Points Out City’s Nat
ural Advantages, Especially
for Shipping.
r -•
James A. Farrell, president of the
TJnlted States Steel Corporation, last
night at the annual banquet of the
Newark Board of Trade predicted that
this country is now on the eve of an
era of prosperity unequaled In its his
tory. The famous ironmaster, who
rose from the ranks of labor to lead
ership .of the greatest industrial en
terprise the world ever saw, spoke in
a confident strain in making his pre
diction. He was listened to by more
' han 500 members of the Board of
Trade and other guests. The dinner
was held in the Krueger Auditorium.
Mr. Farrell, in the course of his ad
dress, declared that Newark would
have a great share in the prosperity
that he believes is at hand. He de
clared that from an economic stand
point this nation is essentially a pro
gressive one, and that the wheels of
industry must hum again with the
burden of providing for the world.
There was nothing of the pessimist
about Mr. Farrell's talk. He spoke in
a strain that brought an Inspiring
■ ouch of confidence to every man
present. His talk was greeted with
enthusiasm. ,
Mayor Thomas L, Raymond also
spoke at the dinner. He talked in a
pessimistic strain, dragging .in par
isan politics and attacking Woodrow
Wilson as "the psychological Presi
dent.” It >vas soon evident that Mr.
Raymond’s frame of mind was in
consistent with the majority of the
diners, even though they gave him a
hearty series of cheers when he was
introduced. The burden of Mr. Ray
mond’s speech was to the effect that
the tax rate of Newark Was such that
he would not sanction any improve
ments such as has been contemplated
tinder his predecessor’s administra
tion. He apparently was obsessed
with the idea that the era of progres
sive municipal government is some
. hing that must be buried as soon at
possible. ,
Vo Meadow Development.
One of the things that the mayor
mid was that he would not approve
'.he proposed open'ng of Haynes
avenue, from Kretinghuysen avenue.
This. it would appear, settles
definitely that the present adminis
tration will not stand for any
meadow improvements. The opening
of Haynes avenue is said to be es
sential to the work of improving the
medow district, so it can be reached
direct from the city. It would con
stitute a primary development, al
lowing the construction of a boule
vard that would open the entire
Newark meadow district to Newark
There was much disappointment on
the part of the committee of arrange
ments for the banquet because of the
inabil'ty of Carter Glass, of Virginia,
chairman of the House committee on
banking and currency, to reach New
ark. Mr. Glass had expected to be
on hand, but the crisis at Washington
over the shipping bill necessitated his
attendance wti»n the vote was taken
early today. He was to have talked
here on the new Federal banking sys
Others who spoke were Austen Col
gate. who, besides being senator from
Essex county, is pres'dent of the Jer
sey City Chamber of Commerce; Wal
ter S. Edge president of the State
Senate; Frederick R. Lehlbach, con
gressman-elect from the tenth dis
trict. and Rev. John McDowe'l, pa«tor
of the Park Presbyterian Church.
Others who sat at the guests’ table
were former Mayor Jacob Hausshng,
Victor Mravlag. mayor of Elizabeth;
George N. Seger, mayor of Pa scale;
Robert H. Fordyce. mayor of Pater
son, and Comm'ssloner Job H. Llppin
cott. of the state department of motor
vehicles. Augustus V. Hamburg,
oresldent of the board, was the toast
Mr. Farrell’s Speech.
Mr. Farrell In his address said in
part: •
"The city of Newark and Its adja
cent Industrial area has always stood
in significant relation to the outflow
of m^ny of the natural -ommod'ties
which have thus far constituted the
bu'k of our export trade.
“Your progressive spirit and i*i
tere«t in problems affecting Manufac
turing and business are evidenced bf’
the fact that Newark products afu
now to be found in many of the mar
kets of the world.
"Here you have over 300 distinct
lines of manufacture, glv'ng employ
ment to 75 <"00 operatives, and an an
nual pay roll of $50 010.000. In the
past fourteen years your population
has nearly doubled, your taxable
property nearly trebled and your
banking capital, deposits and re
sources have increased from fifty-odd
mi'lion to two hundred million dol
"You have many natural advant
ages. exceptional transportation and
by reason of your proximity, all if
the marine facilities accruing to the
port of New York.
Newark Cp-to-Date,
"Some of the most thorough and
up-to-date exporters in this country
are Newark concerns. Practically
every kind of article Is manufactured
ill Newark and vicinity and. owing to
an abundant supply of skilled labor,
you are well assured of profitable ex
pansion, In competition with other
I’Continuerf on Page 14. Column 1.1
Predict *Now There Will Be No
Extra Session of Congress
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.—Predic
tions that there will be no extra ses
sion of Congress were made today
by leaders who discussed the ques
tion with President Wilson. Their
views, It was said, were based partly
on the belief that the ship bill would
be passed before March 4, and
partly on the understanding that
should the bill fail the President
would not summon Congress to an
other leastoo immeddataly
British Deny Prize’
Crew Has Boarded
Liner Wilhelmina
Maintaining Merely a Guard,
Declares Commanding Of
ficer at Falmouth.
LONDON, Feb. 17.—The report
which was current last night and re
ceived wide publicity, to the effect
that a prize crew of three British offi
cers and sixteen men had been placed
on board the American steamer Wtl
belmina, at Falniouth,' proved today
to be erroneous. The officer com
manding the men in charge of the
Wilhelmina said that the attachment
was not a prize crew, but merely a
It is understood that when the prize
court considers the case the American
ambassador will be present at the
hearing. William T. Brooking, mana
ger of the export department of the
W. L. Green Commission Company, of
St. Louis, owners of the cargo, is on
the ground, armed with affidavits
showing that the Green Company for
j years maintained a general export
| business in Hamburg and that it was
In order to prevent the loss of that
! business that the cargo was shipped.
| The food, hie documents set forth,
i was to be sold to the civilian popula
lion of Hamburg. It will be claimed
; that the suggested forfeiture of this
cargo is a flagrant violation of all of
the principles of international law.
There is no doubt that the Wllhelml~a
case is greatly embarrassing the Brit
ish government, which has sought in
vain to avoid having a prize court
pass upon the case, because an em
barrassing precedent may be set up.
NEW YORK. Feb. 17.—Norvin R.
Llndhelm, counsel for the shippers of
the Wilheimina’s cargo, received the
following cablegram today from his
representative in England:
"Guard charge of vessel, not prize
crew. No prize proceedings yet. Pre
liminary steps detention."
Girl Athlete Beats
and Ties Up Robber
Blacks Eyas and Fractures Rib
of Burglar Who Enters
LOS ANGELES. Feb. 17.—Joseph
Hamlin, burglar, entered the bedroom
of Mif>s Gladys Campbell, who holds
the high school strength test record
and Is an all-around athlete, and as
a result Hamlin Is In Jail suffering
from a lacerated head, two black
eyes (swollen tight), a fractured rib
and numerous bruises.
Miss Campbell awoke as the
burglar crawled through the tran
som. She hurled an alarm clock at
the intruder’s head, flooring him. and
followed this with a smashing blow
on Hamlin’s right eye with a silver
back brush.
The young woman then closed tho
man’s other eye with a well-deliver? 1
right swing, after wh'~h she played a
tattoo on his ribs with a dumb-bell
and tennis racket. I
By way of completing the Job, Miss I
Campbell wrapped Hamlin in two i
sheets and threw him through the'
frort door, to await the arrival of
the police.
• • ; * . .
Wilson Promises Statement to
Remove Fears of Shortage
in Supplies.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.—Presl
dent Wilson declared today he be
lieved an erroneous impression had
grown up concerning the food supply
in the United States.
In a letter to Mayor Mitchel, of
New Tork, replying to a suggestion
that an embargo be placed by the
Federal government on exports of
wheat, the President wrote that in
the near future the administration
will give out a statement showing
the exact situation.
The President thanked Mayor
Mitchel for his letter and for the re
port of the food committee, headed
by,George W. Perkins, in wh'ch It
was suggested that the amount of
wheat in the United States at the
present time as compared with the
amount on hand a year ago, be made
"The matter is one to which the
administration has, of course, from
the first given the most thoughtful
and careful attention," wrote the
President "The agricultural depart
ment is in possession of all the facts.
About these facts some very er
roneous impression* obtain,, and It
is our purpose in the immediate fu
ture to remove these misunderstand
ings by a very full and clear state
ment of all the facts. They will, I
think, reassure the country.”
Mayor Mitohel’s letter has been re
ferred to Secretary Houston, and a
thorough Investigation now is being
made. It is understood to be the
position of the President that he
has no authority to declare an em
bargo on the exportation of food
stuffs even though such a step were
considered wise.
Dr. Albert S, Cooke, Serving
in Servian War Hospital, Dies
PARIS. Feb. 17.—A cable message
received here today from Valemevo.
Servla announces the death there of
Dr. Albert Samuel Cooke, of Brook
lyn, N. Y., a volunteer physician
serving with the Serv'an hospital
corps. The message was signed by
Dr. Burton McCosh Cooklngham, of
Red Bank, N. J., who, with Dr. Cooke,
I was in charge of the VaJemevo hos
Far-Reaching Concessions, Ex
cluding Other Nations, Asked,
It’s Declared.
Say Tokio Omitted Them in
Memorandum Given to For
eign Legations.
By the Associated Press.
PEKING. Feb. 17.—If information
from presumably well-informed
sources, both foreign and Chinese
is correct, the memorandum recently
given by the Japanese legation to
the diplomatic representatives here
of the United States, Great Britain
France and Russia respecting the
demands of the Tokio government
on. China, omits certain of the re
quirements originally' presented to
These negotiations, which began
late in January, had for their ob
ject the determination of the future
status of Japan’s relations with
China and a decision respecting cer
tain questions regarding the future
development of the Chinese republic.
Their course has been guarded with
great secrecy.
The Peking government did not
conceal Its concern over the situation
thus brought about, and on February
6 Sun Pao-Chl, the Chinese foreign
secretary, in conference with the Jap
anese minster at Peking, rejected
Japan's proposal on the ground that
they were Incompatible with China's
sovereignty and conflicted with ex
isting treaties between Ch'na and
other foreign powers. The Japanese
minister then asked for an accept
ance in principle, stating that the de
tailed negot ations could be conclud
ed later, but the Peking government
returned the same answer as to the
principles involved.
Twenty-ene Demands Made.
The original demands, according to
information from Peking sources,
were twenty-one In number, and were
far-reaching both in their political
and commercial aspects. But it is
not known whether the original de
mands were made orally or in a for
mal written communication. The
memorandum as handed to the lega
tions of the United States, Great
Britain, France and Russia is under
stood to contain but eleven demands,
substantially as follows;
In relation to Shantung, Japan asks
that China transfer to her all rl?h s
and concessions previously enjoyed by
Germany, and requires China to con
sult Japan on ail matters previously
agreed upon between Germany and
China In the province of Shantung.
China Is to agree not to al enate or
lease Shantung or any part of the c ast
on any pretext to any foreign govern
ment; and similarly, no island near
Shantung Is to be leased to any for
eign power.
China is asked to grant Japan the
right to construct a railroad from
Kiao Chow to Chi Fu.
That certain cities In the province
(Continued on Fate 4, Column 7.)
Kearny Garage-Owner to File
Suit Against Congressman
i Papers in a suit to . recover $50
"election expenses" from Congress
man-elect Edward W. Gray ate be
ing prepared by Douglas R. Todd in
behalf of Peter Woods, a garage
keeper, of Dukes street. Kearny. Mr.
Woods alleges In his complaint that
Mr. Gray owes money for the rent- j
Ing of an automobile which the latter
used during his campaign last fall
for election to Congress. The suit
will be filed In the Montclair District
Mr. Woods declares that on Octo
ber 21, Mr. Gray entered Into a con
tract with him by which he was to
supply the congressman-elect with
an automobile from October 22 to No
vember 2, for campaign purposes for
$150. Mr. Gray, it is contended, was
also to pay for the gasoline con
The complaint declares that Mr.
Gray has already paid $100 on ac
count for the automobile hire and
$10 for gasoline consumed. The j
garage man declares that Mr. Gray
refuses to pay the balance of $50.
Mr. Todd also alleges that Mr. Gray
has Included the automobile hire item
in his statement of expenses filed In
the county clerk's office.
Mr/iGray, It is understood, will
contest the suit. He was a candi
date for election to Congress on the
Republican ticket In the Eighth con
gressional district against Gerald P.
F. MacDonald, the Democratic
LaPointe Introduces Bill
for State Labor Bureaus
Special to tha Evenlnc Star.
TRENTON, Feb. 17.—Aesemblyman
LaPointe, of Hudson county, yester
day introduced Into the House a bill
for the establishment of free labor
bureaus throughout the State for the
purpose of procuring occupat on for
the unemployed The bills would put
the bureau under the supervision of
the State labor department, and pro
vides that appropriations shall be
made to the department for the
maintenMM gtf Ute bureau*.
___-_ __
Louis Bleriot.
Present Struggle Has Shown
Aeroplanes Far More Po
tent. He Says.
United Press Staff Correspondent.
(Copyright, 1915, by the United Press).
PARIS, Feb. 37.—“The much-vaunt
ed Zeppelins aiie utterly worthless for
purposes of war. They are certain
soon to disappear entirely as a factor
in aerial navigation of any sort."
It was L,oui Bleriot, inventor of the
monoplane, vuio was talking. And
he ha4 been carefully reading the
United Press interview with Count
von Zeppelin, in which the German
invemor declared his great dirigibles
■would be material iactors ,n ending
the war. Bleriot, the first man to fly
across the English channel in a
heavier-than-air machine, is France's
chief consulting expert in matters
aerial. His big shops, just outside of
Paris, are working night and day
turning out machines for the French
army. And in them he is incorporat
ing many things which, after the war,
will assure the future a« a commer
cial vehicle of the aeroplane.
“This war has killed the Zeppelin,”
he continued. “They are bound to
disappear entirely, because they are
impracticable. They are too bulky,
too light, too frail for stem work and
are entirely at the mercy of the ele
ments. The^ very fact that they re
(Continued on Pago I. Cnfomn 4.)
President Farrell Discovers “Mike" Murray, of New Haven, at
Board of Trade Dinner and Renews Acquaintances With Old
Boss Who Made Him Apprentice in Steel Trade.
_- .
One of the most interesting inci
dents of the Board of Trade dinnor
last night was the meeting of Presi
dent James A. Farrell, of the United
States Steel Corporation, and Michael
Murray, the man who gave Mr. Far
rell his first job. They had not met
for twenty-three years before.
Mr. Murray, who is mahager of the
Seton Leather Company's Bellevlllo
plant, and his son, Philip J. Murray,
president of the. Seton Leather Com
pany, were the guests at the banquet
of Joseph V. Clark, secretary of the
i Seton Leather Company.
I During the evening word was Hent
I up to the head table, where Mr. Far
' rail was seated, asking if "Mike
Murray, of New Haven." could get
permission to come up and say
"Hello” to him, If lie could spare a !
few minutes.
"Tell him no,” said Mr. Farrell,
who added:
“It’s not for that man to come look
ing for me. It's my place to go to
him. Where le he?” And as soon as
Mr. Murray's seat was pointed out.
the. president of the gigantic steel
corporation hurried over to his old
friend and they had a nice chat.
About thirty years ago both lived
in New Haven, Mr. Murray being
superintendent of the New Haven
Wire Works and Mr Farrell the
school-mate of Mr. Murray’s son,
Philip, When school days were over
Mr. Murray gave young Farrell a
job as apprentice at the wire making
business and the president of the
big steel corporation learned his trade
under Mr. Murray's teaching.
Patient, Though Never Informed of Father’s Death, Announces
His Demise Soon Afterward—Also Tells of His Funeral at
Time Cortege Passed Hospital.
Miss Marv A. Bowers who 1a in St
Michae 's' 'Hospital, suffering from
the effects of bums due to a Are at
her home. 20 Atlantic street. Febru
ary 5, was reported an doing nicely
today. It is now believed at the hos
pital that her recovery is practically
certain. „ .
With the abatement of their
anxieties over her condition, rela
tives and fr’ends not only are eagerly
looking forward to the complete resto
ration of her health, but are specu
lating as to whether she will be able
to recall what seems like telepathic
messages uttered by her while
Pumors from several sources, each
fragmentary in itself, when pieced
cut make the outline of a story which
psychologists probably will want to
know much about. No details are
given out at the hospital, but rela
tives have repeated to friends In
cidents which have been related to
them and may take on Importance if
remembered by Miss Bowers upon
her recovery.
On the day of the accident the girl
seemed to have escaped more for
tunately than either her father or
grandmother, but she had inhaled a
considerable quantity of smoke and
after a few hours her condition be
came grave. Most of the time she
was delirious and was In that condi-1
tion at 2 o’clock on the following
Tuesday morning when her father. !
Thomas ,T. Bowers, died.
The nun In attendance on Miss
Bowers did not know that the girl's j
father had just died, when suddenly ;
in the midst of incoherent expressions i
the girl said in disttnct tones, "Papa
is dead." Then more positively ana
sharply, as if startled and shocked at
the information which had just
reached her. and as if protesting that
she had not been told before she said:
“I read it in the paper; papa is dead." I
After that the girl’s delirium con- ;
tinued without notable incident until 1
the forenoon, when her father was ;
buried. As the body was being borne I
past the hosr’tal the girl aga.n I
startled her attendant by saying in I
distinct tones, "They are putting papa
In the ground,” and repeating the re- I
mark in a moment and adding the |
second time, “I saw it in the paper." .
Since then ahe has recovered her 1
senses and aeked for her father. She '
was told that he was doing nicely,
but that hie progress like her own
was slow and that he could not yet
come to see her. While she did not
dispute the assurance the attendant
believed there was a gleam of doubt
in her eye, and when she failed to de
mand more details of her fathet’s
condition the suspicion grew stronger j
that the girl was satisfied in her ow n j
mind that her father was dead and '
the fact was being withheld from her ■
Mayor Raymond announced today
that Newark this year would have
a clean-up week instead of a clean
up day, as last year The week will
be designated later, but will be in
j \pril. Mayor Raymond said that the
event for a day last year was so
successful that he will issue a procla
mation setting apart a week this
year for the work.
The work will be done ae soon os
possible, so aB to give work to the
Kaiser to Enforce Bar
on Imports of Hostiles
lIoNDON, Feb. 17.—The Bundesrath’s
authorization to the chancellor to pro
hibit the importation and transit of
the products of hostile soli and indus
try across the German frontier is pub
lished in today's edition of the Reichs
Anzeiger. says an Amsterdam dis
patch to Reutfer's Telegram Company.
The chancellor Is authorized to take
whatever measures may be necessary i
to enforce the prohibition.
The ground for this authorization is
another procla *ation which prohibits
ths important*., and transit of sev
eral products mentioned from France
and Great Britain, their colonies and
protectorates. The proclamation men
tions each of these product*
Special to the ETcnins Star.
SUMMIT, Feb. 17—The will of
Emile C. Bondy, the cigar manufac
turer, who died at his home, in Beek
man terrace, here, on Sunday, Feb
ruary 7, disposing of 'nearly $1,000,000
to relatives and $250,000 to educational
institutions and charities, was filed
for probate yesterday The largest
public bequests were $100,090 to the!
trustees of Columbia University and I
$20,000 to Mount Sinai Hospital. The
Presbyterian Hospital gets $12,500.
There are no conditions attached to
the bequests.
Mrs. Sally Bondy Lowinger, of
Vienna, a sister, receives the income
for life from a trust fund of $250,000
and $50,000 outright. Frederick
Charles Lowlnger, nephew, gets a
like amount. Anna W. Simpson, "a
dear friend," who was Mr. Bondy’s
housekeeper, gets a life income from
$150,000 and $7,500 outright. Louis C.
Bondy, brother, gets an Income for
life from $125,000 and $59,000 outright,
Richard C. Bondy and Richard C.
Bondy, Jr., brother atid nephew, get
$50,000 each, as do Charles G. and
Philip L. Bondy, brothers. There are
a number of smaller bequests to rela
tives, friends and employes
The public bequests 'nclude $10,000
each to the Hebrew Orphan Asylum,
the American Museum of Natural
History, the Stony Wold Sanatorium,
the New York Skin and Cancer Hos
< Continued on Pace i t^otnau l»>
5010 RUNS
Only Remnants of Invading
Force Escaped, Latest Ber
lin Announcement,
Big Battle Pending Near Czer
nowitz—Army of 450,000
to Invade Servia.
The German war office announced
today that in the recent defeat of the
Russians in the Mazurin Lakes region
of East Prussia more than 50,000 pris
oners were taken. The invaders, it is
said, were "utterly defeated at most
points,” only remnants of the Russian
army escaping after a battle of nine
days. An earlier official German
statement said that 28 000 Russians
had "been captured.
The Russian army at the other end
of the eastern front also is in danger,
according to the correspondent of a
Berlin newspaper, who states that the
force which penetrated Bukowina has
been enveloped by Austro-Hungarian
troops. A general battle is believed
to be pending near Czemowitz.
An Athens dispatch states that a
formidable army has been assembled
for a new campaign against Servia.
This army is described as amounting
to 450,000 men, made up in part of
Germans. The anny which Servia now
has in the field is estimated at about
one-half this size.

By the Associated Press.
BERLIN by wireless to London,
Feb. 17, 9:10 a. m.—Fifty thousand
prisoners, besides many cannon and
machine guns, were captured by the
Germans when the Russiaa Tenth
army was defeated in the Mazurian
Lake d strict, East Prussia, accord
ing to a statement issued at genera!
headquarters here today. The text
of the commun'cation follows:
“In a nine days' battie in the Ma
zurian Lake district the Russian
Tenth army, consisting of at ieaet
eleven infantry and several cavalry
divisions, not only was driven out of
strongly-entrenched positions east of
the Mazurian Lake plateau, but was
forced back across the frontier
Oyer 50.000 Captured.
"L'tterly defeated at almost every
po'nt, only the remnants of the army
managed to reach the woods east of
Suwaiki and Augusiowo, where they
! are being pursued^ The number of
(Continued on Pare I, Column 7.)
Progressive Republicans and
Democratic Bolters Will Not
Support House Bill.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 17.—Admin
istration Democrats cot another set
back In their fight for President Wil
son's ship bill, when they suddenly
learned today that the bill as it
passed the House last night will not
command the support of Senators
Kenyon. Norris or La Follette, pro
gressive Republicans, on whom they
counted, nor the support of any of
the seven Insurgents of their own
The plan to move to concur with
the House amendments was wrecked
by the discovery that the leaders
could not muster enough votes Ad
ministration leaders made no at
tempt to conceal their embarrass
ment and planned to send the
bill to conference with the hope of
putting on some amendments 1o
command support. The bolting
Democrats were said to be favorable
to an amendment to make the en
terprise a temporary one to end with
the European war
The bill went to the Senate today
following its passage by the House
early today by a vote of 216 to 121.
Hope to Win Over Bolters.
Passage of the bill by the House as
a Democratic party measure. Senate
leaders hoped, would tend to bring
into line Borne of the seven Demo
crats who so far have aided the Re
publican opposition.
The passage of the bill followed a
fourteen-hour parliamentary struggle
which, until long after midn'ght. I
threatened to extend interminably, I
because of a determined filibuster led
by Minority Leader Mann, who yield
ed only after administration leaders
decided to apply a second special ruls
to bring the fight to an end.
The tactics of the Republican*
threatening to drag out the roll call
indeflnite'y, the Democratic leaders
at midnight brought In a second
special rule to limit the number of
yea and nay votes to flve.
Before Chairman Henry could get
to the floor and offer his new rule,
Representative Mann succeeded In
forcing a vote on the first section of
the Gore bill after securing a ruling 1
that each section must be voted upon j
separately and another roll call was!
Give Cp Dilatory Tactic* •
When Minority Leader Mann saw
that the Democratic leaders were de
termined to stop the filibuster, sev
eral conferences were held and it !
was agreed not to keep up the dila
tory' fight and a few minutes after 1
o'clock a vote began on the final pas
sage of the bill.
In the final passage of the bill nine
teen Democrats voted no They
were Bathrick, Borchers. Callaway.
Dies, Donohue, Fitzgerald, Gerry.
Gordon, Jones, Klndel. Kitchln, Mor
(Continued oa Fag* !, Column i.)
Wireless Without
Aerial Apparatus
Successfull\- Used
Messages Transmitted and Re
ceived in Experiments by
Tufts College Society.
MEDFORD, Mass., Feb. 17.—Ex
periments conducted by the wireless
society of Tufts College have shown,
it was announced today, that radio
messages may be transmitted and re
ceived without the use of aerial
The re-s fits of the experiments, the
| announcement says, may work a
I change in the use of wireless ap
paratus made ready for use within a
third of the time required for setting
up the aerial equipment.
During the experiments the beet re
sults from the use of the ground
antennae were obtained when the re
ceiving wires were laid in a direct
line with the transmitting station.
Two ordinary wires, ninety feet In
length, were found, when stretched
on the ground in this manner, to be
sufficient to receive messages from
points from fifty to seventy-fi /e.
miles distant.
British Ships Sunk
by Warship. Belief
German Steamer Holger Has
Crews of Several Vessels
Aboard, Report.
Br the Amoclatcd Prew.
BUENOS AYRES, Argentine. Feb.
17.—It is reported here today from
credible sources that the German
Bteamer Holger was sighted yester
day heading for Buenos Ayres and
having on board the crews of several
Engl.sh steamers sent to the bottom
by some German warship, probably
oft the coast of Brazil.
The steiunship Holger has been
identified with German activities In
the South Atlantic. She left the har
j bor of Pernambuco secretly early in
| January, presumably with supplies
i Tor German warships at large In
! South American waters. The Bra
I zflian government punished the port
I officials whose negligence made this
j breach of neutrality possible.
Witness at Senate Probe Also ;
Clears McAdoo of This Idea
in Ship Bill.
H. Baker, a Baltimore steamship j
manager, told the Senate committee!
inquiring into charges of influence
against the administration ship bill
today that SO per cent, of the Ger
man-owned liners laid up in Ameri
can ports were unfitted for the service
the bill contemplates, and that in all
his conversations with Secretary Mc
Adoo he had so far excluded those
ships as unavailable to the govern
ment, that the possibility of their
purchase never was discussed.
Baker added he was satisfied Mr.
McAdoo acquiesced in that view,
Mr. Baker was the only witness
heard today, although it was decided
that W. G. Stickel, of the Hamburg
American line, in New Tork, would '
be summoned, and that J. P. Meyer!
and Dr. Bum. other directors of the j
company, also might be asked to tes
Describing his connection with the j
shipping bill. Mr. Baker said he met I
Secretary McAdoo, when the latter |
called a conference of business men i
soon after the outb-eak of the war.
He said he conferred with McAdoo
on the shipping and ocean freight
rates and discussed the availability
of ships included in a list submitted
by a Boston ship agent which in
cluded none of those owned by the
large German lines.
When efforts were being made to get
Americans out bf the war zone. Baker
said he asked Mr Sickel, of the Ham
burg-American line, to advise Mc
Adoo. Sickel refused, he said, until
assured that no proposition to buy
steamers of that line was contem
plated. Sickel said he had orders to ■
entertain no such proposal.
Fall in Prices of Wheat
as Risk on Sea Increases
CHICAGO, Feb. 17—Increasing ap
prehension as to vessel risks in the
war zone largely brought about a
serious fail today in the value of
wheat. Export demand seemed tem
porarily to have made almost a com
plete stop, and there was a corre
sponding disposition toward liquidat
ing sales on the part of speculative
As much as five cents a bushel was
cut from the price of the July de
livery, in which trading chiefly cen
tred That month dropped to 31 31V
as against $1.36H®% last n ght.
Before the descent came to an end.
losses amounted to more than six
cents a bushel, July having touched j
3130V Word that the big break ini
prices had led exporters to renewed 1
willingness at taking chances with :
transatlantic cargoes induced some
thing of a rally in the Anal dealings
here. The market closed nervous a« |
2% to under laat night
Collier Dulwich Sunk by
German Submarine in
Britain to Announce Retaliatory
Measures to Exclude
Admiral Behncke States Ger
man Position to Prevent Star
vation of Civilians.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Feb. IT.—Under the head
line, "Supreme Warning," say* yy
Amsterdam dispatch to the Exchange
Telegraph Company, the German
papers publish a semi-official com
munication once more warning all
neutral ships to avoid the war zone
established in the waters surround
ing the British Isles.
At the stroke of midnight th»
waters surrounding the coast* of the
t. nited Kingdom will become, so far
as lies within the power of Germany
to make them, a war sone which all
vessels, neutral or otherwise, win
penetrate at their peril
Some of the services acre— the
channel probably will be curtailed,
but a majority 0f the neutral ship
ping lines will accept the risk and
continue their sailings. The namec
and nationality of the vessels and
the flags of their nation* will be
painted on their sides. In the hope
that German submarines will not
sink them by mistake
England’s announcement of the de
tails of her proposed retaliatory poi
|icy, by which she plums to abut off
'he German food supply from the
outside, is expected momentarily, ar.d
apparently there Is not the slightest
prospect that this country will ac
cept the German proposal to call off
the blockade If England will relax
nat al pressure on shipping.
It is not expected that there win
be any immediate and widespread
activity by the German submarines,
but the developments regarding neu
tral ships, should bring to a head
one of tiie most Interesting and
threatening situations of the war.
B> the Associated Frets.
HAVRE, via Paris, Feb 17, 1-45 a.
m—The British steam collier Dul
wich. bound from Hull to Rouen,
was torpedoed by a German sub
marine twenty miles northwegt of
Cape de la Heve at 6 o’clock last
night. The torpedo struck the mid
dle starboard side
As the crew took to the boats tlta
submarine which torpedoed the ship
was seen speeding away. The Dul
whlch sank in twenty minutes.
Twenty-two members of the crew
of thirty-one men were picked up by
the French destroyer Arquebuse and
brought to Havre. Seven others
rowed to Fecamp The fate of the
other two is unknown.
A dispatch from London last nght
stated that Lloyds had received in
formation from Fecamp, France,
that the Dulwich had been blown up.
This Information was brought ashore
by seven men of the crew, who
rowed to land. The Dulwleh was *
vessel of 3 289 tonB, owned by tbs
British Steamship Company.
BERLIN, Via London, Feb. If.—
Germany's reply to the United Stated
note of protest against the regula
tions proposed for a war zone In the
waters around the British Isles ha*
been handed to Ambassador James
W. Gerard, and probably will be for
warded to Washington today.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17 -Officials
of the Washington government today
had unofficial advices from London
indicating that there was little likeli
hood there that Great Britain would
accept Germany’s proposal to with
draw her threat of a submarine block
ade against England If the latter
would permit the free movement at
foodstuffs to the civil population of
Germany, Germany’s proposal was
laid before the British foreign offioe
vesterday by Ambassador Page at
The same advices stated further
that Great Britain was preparing to
put Into effect still more rigorous
measures to prevent Germany from
receiving food supplies from other
But a few hours now remain before
Germany’s sea war zone proclama
tion Is scheduled to go Into effect. In
the meantime administration officials
continue to keenly await the forma!
replies of Great Britain and Ger
many to the recent American notes
regarding the use of neutral flags,
the submarine campaign on mer
chant vessels and the shipment of
foodstuffs to Germany.
Hopeful of I'nfcnlulnf.
While high official* admit the grav
ity of the diplomatic situation, they
were still hopeful today that an un
derstanding on the question of food
stuffs would be reached whereby the
necessity which Germany declare* .
will result for making war on enemy
merchant ships may be avoided.
Great Britain's reply to the AflMty J
ican note of December J« protesting
against interference with United
States commerce was being prepared
at the State department today for
publication. The full text of the docu
ment. containing approximately 7,00*
(Coatteaed oa p**« A Coiuma U
, /, i / -S

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