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Newark evening star and Newark advertiser. [volume] (Newark, N.J.) 1909-1916, February 18, 1915, HOME EDITION, Image 10

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Newark (fctrcmtig Star
Published every afternoon, Sundays excepted, by the
Newark Dally Advertiser Publishing Company.
Entered as second-class matter at the^f^aa'd
Member of the Assorted Press. United Press ana
American Newspaper Publishers AssoclaAlor*.
MAIN OFFICE .Branford place and Nut. la street
Those 0*00 Market.
ORANGE OFFICE.H® Main street. Orange
•Phone 4100 Orange. street
SUMMIT OFFICE _Beechwood road and Bank
•Phone 1049-W, Summit. avenue
IRVINGTON OFFICE..102. Sprtngfteid avenu
•Phone Waverly .02.
MEW TORE OFFICE Paul Block, Inc.. >■- A . CO .
2»th street and Fifth avenue .
per ofrtr rtry.The Dorland Advertising Agency
ftf-'STON OFFIGE ..Paul Block. Inc.. * Vur^ButldlnJ
7HJCAOO OFFfrE.... Paul Block I"c t fe Bldg*
DETROIT OFFICE.Paul Block, Inc., Kresge »iag..
Detroit. Mich.
Mntl eobeerlptlon Bates . Postage Prepaid vrithio t,ie
Postal Union*. .
One year, *3.00; six months, Jl.oO; three months, S#
cents; one month, 30 cents. __ .
VOU EXXXIV-—NO- *1. __
Although we are a pacific nation as well as an un
prepared one, without any aggressive designs and de
siring only to keep peace with the rest of the world,
and if possible preserve peace among other nations,
we get from other nations little of appreciation and
not a little of unwarranted criticism and enmity .
We are doing more than all the rest of the world
for the relief of non-combatant war victims in Europe,
and our benevolent government is itching for the op
nortuntty to offer Its services as mediator to bring
about peace, and we do not escape abuse for this
philanthropy. Even England, which is drawing muni-!
tions of war and great stores of food from the United :
States. Is not grateful. Whichever way we look we
tan see disapprobation and hear censure. UU e inter
fered in Mexico on altruistic principles with the vague
idea of helping to establish an ideal popular govern
ment and called in the South American States to help i
and every Mexican regarded the United States as an
interloper. Because of that signal failure Spain is
resentful that we have not afforded protection to
Spaniards in Mexico.
Japan has a serious grouch, and it grows and
strengthens with time. The United States ushered
Japan into western civilization and sympathized with
and helped her in the Russo-Japanese war, but
favors are easily forgotten. During the present Euro
pean war this nation has strictly preserved neutrality
and kept within the limits of the law of nations, which
not only prescribes a neutral’s obligations, but defines
neutral rights.
But in all the belligerent countries the voice of
criticism of the United States is heard. That it is
undeserved goes without saying. Even in the Philip
pines, our foster child, there is discontent, with up
risings. And yet we want to be at peace and amity
with all the world. We stand ready with a generous
purse to relieve the woes of other countries, we covet
none of their possessions nor seek to take any advan
tage of their weaknesses.
We built the Panama canal to benefit the world’s i
commerce, our doors are kept open for the surplus
uopulations of Europe and our markets are the great
est In the world for European manufacturers. Why
should a nation so pacific, so genearous and so benevo
lent, so ready to aid humanity, so prolific of world
benefits, excite any ill will in other lands?
Neutral nations are merely-Spectators of the great
war drama in Europe, and as spectators they look on
from a distance while the latest Important act of this
drama is enacted, that of the war zone established by
Germany on the British coast. The only direct con
cern they have is that of the exemption of their own
merchant ships from the penalties of the war.
It was said last fall that the European war would
enter upon its most serious phases with the begin
ning of March, when the belligerents would bring
much greater forces into play. February is more
than half gone and the promise is already beginning
to he fulfilled on the water. The declared war zone
Will now for sometime probably be the principal
theatre of the war and hold the greatest world
- - - -
The death in France of the widow of General
George B. McClellan, once the commander of the
Army of the Potomac in the Civil War and afterwards
governor of New- Jersey, breaks a link of the present
with the past, while the event recalls memories of half
a. century ago.
Comparatively few people in the United States
knew that the widow of “Little Mac” was still living.
The wife and companion <-f a soldier. Mrs. McClellan
yatu rally took a profound interest in the present
European war. Living in the war zone, the tragical
and thrilling events that have occurred must have
filled the aged woman's mind until she closed her eyes
in death. General McClellan sleeps beside the Dela
ware at Trenton and his widow will share his tomb.
There has been a weeding out of older officers in
favor of younger and more vigorous men in the bel
ligerent armies of Europe since the war began. The
change has largely been made In the high ranks, the
retired officers being given administrative positions
in the rear. This policy would be imperative in the ]
case of the United States in the event of a war.
Not only officers over age, but the Incompetent j
ones would have to be displaced. This rule ip the '
National Guard of the country would necessitate
many changes of personnel. In the New Jersey Guard
the period of retirement is sixty-four years. There
are officers beyond that age who have all the vigor of
a man of thirty or forty years, and are in all respects
competent, but they are the exceptions. There are
too many of all ages who would be unfit for active
service. War is a serious business, and there is no
place In command of troops for the unfit.
It would be reassuring to learn from the depart
ment of agriculture that after a special investigation
it finds that if we exported a million bushels of wheat
daily we would still have left enough for this country
until the next crop is harvested, if the information
was of any use in bringing down the market prices
of wheat and flour.
But the surprising part of the statistics given by
the department is that relating to other foods. The
department tells the public that the average prices
of potatoes and apples are about 30 per cent less than
a 5ear ago. How the department experts worked
out the averages is at present a mystery, but nothing
is impossible with figures.
The experience of people who do marketing is
that they pay for potatoes and apples and other foods
practically the same prices as those of a year ago
The only difference is that this year they have less to
buy with. And if there is an abundant and inex
haustible supply of wheat in the United States, why
the six-cent loaf, which may become the ten-cent loaf?
Who holds this wheat, who keeps boosting the market
price and how can cheap wheat and the five-cent loaf
be restored? That is the information needed.

The Panama-Pacific exposition is a great national
enterprise, and In its extent and features, as well as its
preparedness, it is far ahead of any previous world
exposition in this country or in Europe. There are
eleven immense exhibit palaces, with 80,000 ex
hibitors, besides scores of other beautiful buildings.
State, national and international.
At this date each of the exhibit palaces is finished,
the machinery hall being the largest frame structure
under one roof In the world. On February 20 the
grand opening will occur and the $50,000,000 expo
sition will have started upon its career.
Perhaps the horticultural display to be maae will
alone be worth crossing the continent to see, with its
vast sunken gardens, its remarkable hedges. Its splen
did landscape designs and its bewilderment of tropical
and semi-tropical vegetation, unknown in the East.
Of the two hundred thousand Americans who have
annually visited Europe st least one-half will visit
the Pacific coast this year, and there should be hun- J
dreds of thousands more who have a patriotic pride
in their own country and a love for Its scenic and ;
other charms, who also will travel west to enjoy this :
matchless exposition, a worthy memorial of the mag
nificent national enterprise at the Panama Isthmus.
It la the opinion of President Lannln, of the Bos
ton Americans, that If the fight between the' Federal
League and the old established national baseball
organizations continues two dollars would be the aver
age price of admission to a major league game, and
if the fight was greatly protracted It would mean
ultimately the destruction of baseball as the national
An increase of the price of admission to two dol
lars to major league games this year would have Its
effect at once. It would reduce the attendance to a
degree that would mean bankruptcy for the manage
ments at the end of the season, and It would give a
chill to the national game that it might not survive
after the prices in another season should be restored
to normal figures.
About the rarest object in the thickly settled parts
of New York city Is a shade tree. It is a disgrace to
the largest community of America that It should be
rapidly approaching the status of “a treeless city,”
which la inevitable under the present policy of neglect
of this important public asset. In the four years,
1908 to 1911, inclusive, 9,000 trees were removed
from the streets and only 584 planted. Last year
more than 1,500 were taken out and not a dollar was
provided to fill the gaps. It is a matter of health as
well as of beauty, for the county medical society
points out that one of the most effective means for
diminishing the death rate among children is the culti
vation of trees in the streets to mitigate the summer
heat. The metropolis ought to take a lesson from
Newark, whose Shade Tree Commission has made the
streets of our city veritable bowers of grateful foliage.
Three distinct systems ot school organization units
are found in the United State#—the district, the town
ship and the county. In New Jersey the township
unit is the form of organization for rural schools,
cities and incorporated towns and villages being set
apart as independent districts. The general tendency
In this country, and In foreign lands as well, is to a
larger unit in the interest of efficiency and economy,
and according to a monograph prepared by an expert
of the United States Bureau of Education it appears
to be the consensus of opinion of leading authorities
that where the county is the unit of local govern
ment It should also be the unit In school government.
A resolution taking this view was adopted by the Na
tional Education Association at its annual convention
In 6t.. Paul last year, as well as by the meeting of
State superintendents in connection with that body.
Better Feeling tn »L< In-America.
Item the Rochester Inlon.
Whether It be the fooling for a need
tor companionship at this time so
fraught with danger for the world or
simply a better disposition toward us,
the changed attitude of the Ratln
American republic? as noted In the
words of some of their diplomats at
the Republican Club luncheon In New
York on .Saturday Is noteworthy
• * * • Said the Peruvian minister:
"Ratin-America will stand by the
United states in any emergency."
If such a proposal be somewhat ex
traordinary, no less so is the ready |
acceptance of it in principle by the j
representative of Peru. It indicates
that the suspicions entertained of us
in Ratin-Amerlca are passing away.
If those nations are willing to enter
into such a compact with us, they
show that they no longer fear our
Intentions toward them. The change
Ss something for which we should lie
grateful. It means greater security
for us, for these countries axe grow
ing rapidly, and had ill-feeling toward
us kept pace with their growth in
jiower. some of them might have at
some future time combined against
us, a thing which would have caused
t „ much trouble, no matter how
•trong we might be. We should wel
come this manisfestatlon of good
feeling and strive by our conduct i
toward Latin-America to increase it.
Do Yb» Observe That Fletf
Frem tie N'yack, N. Y„ Star.
American shipping will nee the ac
customed routes, but presumably will
exercise particular trouble to avoid
trouble. Hut if an accident should oc
cur and an American merchantman go
clown by a Teuton torpedo, it would
be difficulty to restrain the country
from action which would be far
reaching and serious.
Nothing to fisla By a <)narr*l With Us.
From the Syracuse Herald.
Germany Is not asked to throw down
her arms. She is e.mply asked to ob
serve the established rules of cvillzed
warfare, one of which Is that no neu
tral ship shall be attacked un4er mere
suspicion of being a belligerent that
refuse** to exercise the right of search.
From the American point of view, the
whole question Is really this: Shall
the United States abandon its right to
navigate that portion of the high seas
which Germany has marked on paper
as a “war zone" and has made no pre
tense of blockading and could not
blockade, simply because Germany
claims for Its submarines exemption
from International law and the time
honored rules of naval warfare.
Critical and perplexing as the con
troversy is, we are confident that our
national authorities and the rulers o!
Germany will find a way to a work
able adjustment or compromise. What
could Germany. In her present situa
tion, gain by forcing a quarrel with
the United States?
W liaj the Iteml American Thinks.
From the Albany Journal.
There should be "hyphenated Amer
icans.” Men In this country should
be either Americans or frankly some
thing else.
Reekie** W'Mte of the Voreoti.
From tbc Utica Observer.
E. S. Babcock, principal of the
Boonvtlle High School, spoke recently
to the Farmers' Club about the tre
mendous waste of timber which ha*
been taking place and which is now
going on. The stmnpage value of the
annual cutting in the country is
*1,000,000,000, and for every 4.000 board
feet taken 1,000 feet are left to waste
—sufficient to build a half-million
comfortable home*. The American
people are taking each year three
times the annual growth. The pci
capita forest acreage in a century
has dropped from 300 to less than five
acres. At the rate of our annual con
sumption of wood, the country should
plant 5*0.000 acres each year to keep
I, . —
Prisoner In House of Correction# Swws
»cer to Wear Sn#psnders Again.
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 18.—After
serving three weeks in the House of
Correction, sad-eyed George Oreo to
day swore he would never wear an
other pair of suspenders.
While stoaling a ride on the roof of
a freight car, George slipped and
found himself dangling In mid-air,
held by his suspenders. A passing
policeman stopped the train and
"pinched" him- He still has nine more
weeks to serve, but warns his keepers
never to mention suspenders to him.
Hill to Permit Continuous Flow of Beer
from Brewery to Saloon,
WASHINGTON, Feb. IS—The beer
pipe line may replace the brewery
wagon. If a bill introduced in the
House yesterday by Representative
Riordan, of New York, becomes a law.
Mr. Riordan, seeking to simplify the j
collection of the tax on liquors, pro- ,
poses that a brewer shall be allowed !
to transport fermented liquors by pipe
line from his vats to the saloon of the j
A metre, placed on the pipe line by
the government, would indicate the |
flow of beer and the tax to be paid.
Gets letter Written to Htm 5* Tears Ago
Bj His Instructor.
IS.—Nearly flfty-eight years after it
was written and posted to him a
letter ha? just been delivered here to
Prof. James Hutchison Kerr.
The missive was written by Prof.
E. F. M Fa eh t a. Prof. Kerr's former
instructor in civil engineering In an
Eastern school at New London, Pa.,
March 20 1S57, when Prof. Kerr was
not quite twenty. He Is now in his
seventy-eighth year.
Prof. Kerr believes the missive was
sent to one of the colleges he at
tended and mislaid until It was for
warded here.
Gnndlon on Rot urn Homo. Hus* Grand'
mother and Break* Her Rift.
WINSTED, Conn., Feb. 18.—Arriv
ing home on his first furlough since
enlistment, Arthur F. Ackley em
braced his grandmother, Mrs. Ferdi
nand Fortier, with such force as to
break one of her ribs.
Ackley, who Is on the United State*
battleship Texas, and his grand
mother had not met In almost a year.
■ I II
Labor News
Congressional legislation will be
sought to prevent stop watches In
shops or any system of wages made
to speed up workmen.
Out in Racine, Wis., they recently
gave a six weeks’ college course In
janitor work. Twenty-three men re
sponded for tutoring In this fine art.
The New Tork Central Federated
Union has decided to launch a strong
campaign against the bill to be In
troduced In the Legislature providing
for local option and prohibition.
The Irish Transport Union, with its
forty-sever. sections, embracing all
classes of so-called unskilled labor,
from farm laborer to bank manager,
i? one of the leading Industrial unions
In the world.
In 1914 the three branches of the
Missouri State Free Employment De
partment In St. Louis, Kansas City
and St. Joseph supplied work to 27,600
man and women who registered as
being out of work
New Jersey Accident Board must
decide a unique case. A Newark
workman killed at Natick. Mass., ha?
children living In Italy. The Habll'ty
company claims children living
abroad are not dependents.
In New York city 76,000 building
mechanics in thirty-two trades ar6
said to be Idle, as are 76,000 store and
office workers, including bookkeepers,
clerical workers and stenographers.
The Labor party has already cap
tured many seats in the municipal
governments throughout Ireland and
Is preparing for action when the elec
tion writs are issued for the new Irish
The mayor of St. Louis has signed
the union wage scale ordinance re
cently passed by both branches of
the municipal assembly. The act pro
vides that all city employes shall be
paid the prevailing union wage rate.
In spite of the war, the condition
of British trade, after six months of
fighting, is one of exuberant vi
tality Except in a few industries
and in certain professions, unemploy
ment is almost non-existent Of all
the great industries, the cotton trade
is the only one that has been badly
hit by the war.
The Irish citizen array is recruited
from and officered and controlled by
the Irish labor unions, and Is the fret
instance in the history of the world
wherein the workers have added to
their industrial and political arms a
third arm in the shape of their own
drilled and armed battalions.
German statistics show that just
before the war 14.&00 persons were
protected by compulsory sickness in
surance, 24,600,000 by compulsory ac
cident Insurance and 16,000,000 by old
age and Invalidity insurance, exclu
sive of several millions of salaried
employes who were brought under
compulsory insurance by recent legis
lation. This gives a rough idea of the
all-round security enjoyed by the
average German workman in practi
cally all industries and many of the
trades of the empire.
evening Star’s
“ Daily Puzzle
What country Involved in war';
Answer to YeMerd®.' > Puede.
4 .
Che 6irl Chat mother Was
When we travel back in summer to the old house by the sea |
Where long ago my mother lived, a little girl like me,
I have the strangest notion that she still is waiting there,
A small child in a pinafore, with ribbon in her hair.
I hear her in the garden when I go to pick a rose;
She follows me along the path on dancing tipsy-toes;
1 hear her in the hayloft when the hay is slippery sweet—
A rustle now, a scurry now, a sound of scampering feet;
Yet though I sit as still as still, she never comes to me,
The funny little laughing girl my mother used to be.
Sometimes 1 nearly catch her as she dodges here and there,
Her white dress fluttering round a tree or flashing up a stair;
Sometimes I almost put my hand upon her apron strings—
Then just before my fingers close, she’s gone again like wings.
A sudden laugh, a scrap of song, a football on the lawn,
And yet, no matter how I run, forever up and gone!
A fairy or a firefly could hardly flit so fast.
When we come home in summer, I’ve given up at last.
Then 1 lay my cheek on mother’s. If there’s only one for me, i
I’d rather have her, anyway, than the girl she used to be!
—Nancy Byrd Turner in Youth’s Companion. j
A. B., M. A., M. D. (John Hopkins).
Why Kin'll One of C» Has ® Distillery in
Uls Blood.
Ho jests at scars that never felt a
wound; therefore, the happy man, or
the ostrich, who never knows he has
a -tomach, has escaped the fling of
another melancholy medical term —
Literally, fermentation means to
boil. Even the worthies of 50,000 and
more years ago were civilized enough
to recognize when sugary mixtures
and sweet juices fermented they were
converted into alcohol.
The toil and troubles, boll and
bubbles that arise from such a so
lution are much the same as that
which arises in superheated water.
Nowadays, however, fermentation
—accurately applied to the changes
In sweet Juicea, fruits and malty mix
tures—has been made more compre
hensive and Inclusive. Pasteur really
brought this about by the discovery
that bacteria and other microscopic
creatures, ever-present in the air,
dust, earth and water, live and mul
tiply during fermentation at the ex
pense of many meats, eggs, fats, su
gars and starches and other non-min
eral substances.
What KerraentatioB I».
In brief, microbes or germs as they
are called, produce certain materials,
which dissolve, build up or otherwise
bring about chemical changes in na
ture under the visible manifestation
of bubbling. This is fermentation.
Decay, putrefaction and even the
infectious diseases themselves may
not Improperly be called fermenta
tion. On the other hand, moles, fungi
and germs often "ferment” like a
factory. That is to say, some spe
cies are capable of constructive, in
stead of destructive effects.
These unseen living creatures, all
of which are proved definitely and
unanimously by sane persons with the
requisite knowledge to cause fermen
tation, can be Been under the micro
scope. Moreover, their growing
chemical products can be weighed and
Bulgaria bacilli and other lactic
acid germs, yeasts and many other
familiar and unfamiliar creatures are
a vegetation, or vegetable ferment,
which multiply by what they feed
upon. To them in their living forms
has been reserved the name of "fer
ments," while their juices or excre
tions, once called "unorganized fer
ments," are now called enzymes, Just
ns pepsin, renin, trypsin and other
•‘unorganized ferments” of man and
other animals axe now called en
So be it. There aj-e, then, living |
causes of fermentation in the shape
of bacteria anlmalculae, and adult
tissues, as well as there are enzymes
which arise from the ferments. En
zymes may be both internal or kept
inside the tissues of these creatures;
they may be poured out to be sent
to distant points as the pepsin of the
stomach and the adipose, enterokin
ase, oxidase trypsin and hundreds of
others manufactured in the blood,
muscles, intestines and elsewhere, or
they may be both kept at home and
sent abroad by the bacteria or tis
The Wonderful Zymase.
A.11 living structures, whether of
the animal or the vegetable king
doms, possess enzymes inside their
units or ‘‘cells” and also send them
Enzymes, when separated from the
bacteria or textures which give rise
to them, cause various types of fer
mentation—that is to say. changes—
without themselves undergoing any
change in quality or quantity. They
are neither used up nor form a part
of the llnal product they make. En
zymes. however, can be used to make
anti-enzymes, just as toxins or bac
teria are used to make anti-toxins or
anti-bacterial substances.
If rennet is inoculated into rats or
other animals, anti-rennet can tie
formed, to be seen even by an anti
vivisectionist or anti-vaccinationist,
Oxldasea art enzymes which ‘‘fer
ment" compounds by adding oxygen
to them. Conguiases cause blood to
clot and muscles to stiffen. Pecti
nases are enzymes which dissolve the
pectin which separates the pulp and
pith of plants.
Diastase and amylase decompose
starches. Hydrolases add water to
compounds. Lipases change fats to
glycerine and acid. Peps'n and tryp
sin—among the first known—digest
meats and proteins. Catalases
''d’gest'’ peroxide of hydrogen into
oxygen and water. Zymases are the '
axe enzymes; they simply split up I
compounds without adding anything.
The yeast plant excretes a zymase.
Alcohol and carbonic acid gas are the
split products formed from sugary
th'ngs with zymase. The reason
everybody has a distillery in the
blood is because there is zymase
present to disintegrate all loose
Answers to Health Questions
J. A. W.—Q.—I am troubled with a
red nose. Will you please tell me
what to do for this?
A.—Pepper, salt, sauces, seasoning,
greaoy, eweet and highly-cooked
foods, as well as hot dishes, liquors,
soup, tea and coffee make red nosec,
A plain diet, exercise and lots of sleep
I will cure it.
V. II.—Q —1. Can you give me an
idea how long a man can live w'th
Bright’s disease, contracted through
alcoholism if the patient does not
stop the cause of his trouble? 2. * 'so
how long If he does stop? 3. What
would be a harmless sedative for
such a pat'ent?
A.—1. I have aeen patients drop ot
suddenly, and some others are still
alive and happy. 2. There Is always
a better prospect for more people II
the habit is stopped. 3. Bromide of
potash in fifteen-grain doses.
E. A., Silver Eake—Q.—1. My nos
trils are at times so clogged that l
1 have difficulty In breathing. What
: ran I do? 2. Wnat can be clone for
j bow logs’.'
I A. -I. Irrigate the nose and lliroai
I thi " times « day w|th slkalln" sritt
septic fluid, diluted three times in
water. Apply ammonlated mercury,
six grains to one-half ounce of vase
line to the inside of the nostrils. 2.
Bow legs arc easily cured by mas
sage and the surgeon.
M. E. M„ Bloomfield—Q. Can you
tell me of a good cold cream for use
on the face which will not make hair
A.—No good peroxide cream will
Increase the growth of hair on the
MRS. M. R., Newark—Q.—As my
eyebrows are heavy, misshapen and
shaggy, I have them trimmed every
two or three months. That is, they
are pulled out. 16 this In any way
A.—The eyebrows should not be
trimmed or pulled out. but brush
them thoroughly and keep the lmlr
in place with water.
F. M., Newark—Q.—J have a
brother who had a pimple on his nose
about 1% years ago. He poulticed it
and It disappeared, then returned in
a few months in the form of a boil.
A doctor said he had lupus of the
nose or skin. Is there a cure for it?
A.—Lupus vulgaris of the skin is
often cured. It is a mild type of tu
berculosis. The treatment is the
Finsen light cure. Dr Fox, of New
York city, is equipped for it.
M. W., East Orange—Q.—I am con
siderably under weight and have al
ways been troubled with a weak
stomach. Will you suggest some
sort of a diet, and how many times
a day I should eat?
A.—You should eat every three
hours—butter, cream, sugars, spices,
green vegetables, spinach, carrots,
cabbage, oranges, apples, dates, pas
tries, oatmeal, shredded wheat,
cereals, salads, fish, poultry, and
drink whey, buttermilk and three
quarts distilled water daily. Avoid
tea, coffee and Inactivity. Take
seven grains oxide of magnesia be
fore meals and six charcoal tablets
after. Sleep ten hours In the twenty
four and have plenty of rest during
the day. Sleep in a well-ventilated
room and be in the fresh air as much
as possible during the day. Take a
wineglassful of olive oil before each
MRS. M. W., Newark—Q.—I suffei
a great deal with dizziness and have
hiccoughs and heartburn. What
shall I do?
A.—Drink alternately distilled
water and a pure carbonated water,
three quarts dally; also olive oil, fats,
unseasoned greases, fluids, green
vegetables, without much starch;
whey, buttermilk, fresh fruits, oat
meal, shredded wheat and other ce
reals, and take a Bulgaria tablet
with your meals. Avoid tea, coffee,
constipation, solid food and inactivi
ty. Take ox bile, ox gall or bile salts
(ten grains once a day), and activo
exercise several hours dally. Take
Vi teaspoonful of oil of spearmint
whenever you have the hiccoughs.
Take 7 grains oxide of magnesia be
fore meals, and 0 charcoal tablets
DOROTHY D. D.. Newark—Q.—I
have pains in my back and a queer,
painful feeling in my abdomen. What
k- the remedy?
2—1 have beautiful hair, but am
losing it. What can be done to pre
vent this?
A.—1—You should eat more green
vegetables, sp'nach, carrots, cabbage,
oranges, apples, dates, figs, prunes,
currants salads, oatmeal, shredded
wheat, cereals, ginger bread, bran
bread, fish and poultry, and drink
three quarts distilled water daily,
two glasses half an hour before each
meal. Take seven grains oxide of
magnesia before meals and six char
coal tablets after. Have your bowels
move regularly twice each day. Re
tire at 10 o’clock each night and sleep
In a well-ventilated room. Drink
oltve oil and charcoal, take lots
of active exercise in the fresh air.
2—Massage Into the scalp twice a
day resorcin, 15 grains; balsam peru,
Vi dram; sulphur loti, 4 drams; cas
tor oil. 14 drams; oil of theobromine,
S drams.
The Peculiarities of Two Famous Americans
After the late Parke Godwin retired
to private life, in the early nineties,
ho was always glad to chat with
friends reminiscently. To the friends
with whom ho thus conversed he was
himself even more interesting and
picturesque than were any of the per
sons or events he described. A won
derful shock of iron-gray hair, al
most leonine in its profusion, covered
ins head and concealed his coat collar.
His beard was so heavy that it hid
almost all of hi6 face except his nose,
forehead and his wonderfully expres
sive eyes.
Mr. Godwin was qualified by long
association with his father-in-law,
William Cullen Bryant, the proprietor
of the New York Evening Post, in the
editorial direction of that paper, to
speak of men and events Identified
with American life from 1837 until
about 1875. He wag also a shrewd
politician and at one time was deputy
collector of the port of New York.
As one of the editors of Putnam’s
Magazine, be was brought into olose
touch with Thackeray and others who
gained distinction as writers. Mr.
Godwin was also successful as a plat
form lecturer. And it was with some
of his recollections of his experiences
as a lecturer that he entertained me
in a chat I had with him some years
before his death. I remember par
ticularly what he said of Emerson
and Wendell Phillips in connection
with their vocations as platform lec
turers. He knew both men well and
ocoasl-onally met them when on a lec
ture tour.
"Emerson and Phillips were at one
time the moet popular of our lec
turers. excepting possibly Henry
Ward Beecher," he said. "They were
peculiar, almost eccentric, In som
of their personal habits when upon
tho lecture tour. Phillips told me one
that he never traveled, at least ii
winter, without carrying in his old
fashioned carpet bag a woolen blan
ket. He did this so as to protec
himself from the danger of cold or
poorly ventilated bedding. After t
lecture, when he returned to his roon
at the hotel, he carefully spread tho
blanket over the sheet and then,
when he got Into the bed, he wrapped
himself snugly up into it.
"He told me also that he did no
fail to carry a little apparatus con
slstlng of an alcohol lamp and
small copper kettle. In that way h
was able to make his own tea, a bev
erage of which he was very fond. II
never lost a cup of tea for a single
night when upon his lecture tours.
"Emerson was not particular abou .
what he ate, nor did he make a fue
about his hotel accommodations, bu .
he would not accept un invitation t»
become a guest at a private l'ousi
while he was upon a lecture tour. H
never visited a town or city withou
being cordially invited by one c
more of the prominent citizens to ae
cept private hospitalities. He always
declined these Invitations. He neve’,
told any one, so far as I know, whj
he preferred the hotel to the prlvab
house, even In towns where .totel ac
commodatlons were very had. I wa
always glad to accept Invitations o
that kind and so was Beecher bu;
Emerson maJntainel this habit a
long as he appeared In public as r
(Copyright, 19lo, by 15. ,1. Edwards
All rights reserved.)
Mary Tudor
Copyright, 1»1B.
One of the most frequently mis
judged queens of history, Mary Tudor
—unfairly called "Bloody Mary”—was
born 399 years ago, the daughter of
Henry VIII of England, and the first
of his six wives, and it seems clear
that she inherited much of that king’s
unusual abilities. It is said that when
she was but four years old she was
proficient in playing the virginals, the i
musical instrument then in vogue for
young women, and when she was only
nine years old she could write with
the greatest ease in Latin. Later she
learned Spanish, Italian and French.
Although Henry VIII was exceedingly
eager to secure her the best of in
structors. her mother gave her her
first lessons in Latin.
From the time that Mary was two
years old, negotiations were constant
ly in progress for her marriage, but
It wae not until she was long pas
her youth tiia! she was actually mar
ried i i Philip of Spain, who wa;
eleven yt; t-s her junior.
One or' the most admirable traits ii'
Mary's character was her loyalty ant
devotion to her husband, who Uttl<
appreciated the treasure of the lov<
of so sincere a woman. The blot or
her reign is the persecution of tin
Protestants which began about sly
months after her marlage to tin
Spanish king, and wnich lasted for
three years. Modern historians do noi
count this persecution so much i
fault of the queen or of the church t<
which she was devoted as a piece o
Spanish cruelty. The fact remalne
however, that because of this persecu
tion, which she sanctioned, her death
was hailed as a cause for national re
Jolclng, and her name has gone dowi
to history as “Bloody Mary.”
F. W. Kelsey on War Preparedness
To the Editor of th» Evening Star:
Mr. Editor—I desire to say in all
sincerity that the reference to Presi
dent Wilson made by former United
States Senator James Smith, jr., in h's
address at a banquet In Jersey City a
few evenings ago. was both timely
and generous. I wish to express pub
licly my appreciation of the remarks
and my thanks for them.
In these days of military jingoed
Jingoism, when the war spirit seems
contagious and our own fellow citi
zens appear in hysteria over a pros
pective condition, largely, as I bell*.
created by their own misgiving.;,
words uttered by Senator Smith rips
true and are a relief in contras
1 was In Washington two Cay ,: tar:
week. The ease apparently indulged
In by some of those in legislative au
thority in •willingness to let the ground
swell of war preparation drift along is
surprising. I believe the President is
determined to prevent war; but so
wae McKinley when the Maine inci
dent swept the war spirit over the
country and through officialdom as :
prairie fire through fields of grass.
The condition in Europe has bom
like a nightmare to me since my re
turn on September first from a thre<
months’ trip through the belllgeren
countries, including the Tyrol portioi
of Austria.
I favor co-ordinate effort to brinj
public opinion to bear on that awfu
We all sit helpless and impotent ii
the face of the most momentous am
critical time of history, as the clock o
civilization is being reversed towari
the barbaric tribes and ages.
Thera may be some who do no
agree othis matter of "prepared
:.v.i)-:. what preparedness did tlii'
country have up to the Civil Wav
oven after the enunciation of the Mon
roe doctrine in 1823?
None whatever, more than we hav>
today, or is likely to have as a practi
cal defense propostion in view of our
thousands of miles of seacoast on botl
sides of the world. Yours truly,
1 Orange, February 12, 1913.
Defending the Motorcycle _'
To the Editor of the Evening Star: I
There has been introduced in the
Legislature, now in session at Tren
ton, one of the most iniquitous and
obnoxious bills ever presented before
that honorable body. The bill to
which I refer is known as Assembly
bill number 266, which provides that
side-cars attached to motorcycles
must be registered as automobiles,
and the fee per annum shall exceed
that of automobiles.
Beyond the shadow of a doubt, that
bill has received the universal appro
bation of the automobiltsts, who are
the sponsors of that infamous piece
of legislation.
It is an undeniable fact that the
automobile owners bear animosity
toward the motorcyclist*. I cannoi
conceive of such stupidity. Why this
sbsurd malignity? Is it for the mere
fact that the automobilists regret, in
truth, exceedingly regret that they
are not granted the privilege of de
termining who and who shall not
make use of our highways? They
hor and detest the very word “motor
The argument now sedulously prop
ogated bv tho advocates of the pro
posed bill Is that the motorcycles de
stroy the highways as well as tin
automobiles. What a fantastic delu
Frequently we read in the dali;
columns of automobllists chargee
with violation of the speed law, bm
how seldom do we hear of motor
cyclists being held on that charge?
As tho owner of a motorcycle, 1
fondly hope that it will never b«
enacted into a law, and I believe tba:
I am entirely within my rights by de
claring that the bill Is narrow ant'
pernicious. If not In aim certainly in
Its end. Very respectfully,
65 Summer avenue.
February 16, 1915. 4
Poor Sport.
The Hunter—Humph! Mr. Roosevelt
must’ve been alone ahead of me! I
ain’t seen a snow-bird or a rabbit all
' day!
Wasted Energy.
The PessImtBt—Aw, why can't w
have dls snow In July when It's ho1
an’ we needs It, 'stead of now whe:
It’s cold enuflt?
YOU have only one unanswerable
argument against insuring your
And the odds are many to one that you
are quite insurable.

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