Newark ®oemtig £tar
JAMES SMITH. JB.
FOUNDED MARCH 1. 1SS».
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VOL. LIXXIV.—NO. M._
SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 6, 1915.
A CONGESTION OF LEGISLATION,
On Monday the Legislature will enter upon the
ninth week of Its session. Comparatively few bills
have gone to the governor, none of them of much
importance, and all the serious business of the ses
sion remains to be done. This includes, among other
bills, the Morris canal bills, the full crew bill, the
economy and efficiency bills, the local option hill, the
constitutional amendments, bills concerning motor
vehicles and workmen’s compensation, a department
of agriculture, water supply bills, the State census,
the State finances, the appropriation bills.
All of these subjects Involve great controversy,
with obstruction and delay. About one thousand
bills have been introduced in the two houses, and
more will be added next week. Many of those that
will be given consideration are full of controversial
dynamite, and the session will be in its ninth week,
uiid there is an ominous tangle in legislation.
But at least three of the order of bills enumerated
can be dropped. If this is done the Legislature will
be enabled to adjourn with a fair record. They are
the Morris canal bills, the full crew repealer and the
local option bill, which Is already virtually dead and ,
needs no requiem.
NOT AFFECTED BY BILLY SUNDAY.
Billy Sunday’s sensational discourses in Philadel
phia have evidently had no effect upon the ruling
powers In that town. They still continue to misrule
and violate all the public decencies. This week,
against the indignant protests of thousands of citizens
at crowded mass meetings and the opposition of
nearly all the newspapers, they put through the
council an ordinance which practically gave away the
plan of elevated railroad construction to a few local j
But we must consider this curious fact. The
great majorities by which the men who misrule Phila
delphia were placed In power will be repeated at the
next election, and In all probability the slx-milllon
dollar loan which Is provided in the ordinance will
be voted. It has been a serious question among
sober-minded people in Philadelphia how long Billy
Sunday’s converts would hold out, and some of them
sagely predict that it will not outlast the local fall
MR. BRYAN CAN BE SPARED.
The President feels that in the face of the critical
world situation he should remain at his post In Wash
ington. and every thinking man in the country agrees
with him. Congress having adjourned, there remains
only the executive to meet and deal with any great
emergency that shall arise. And all the members of
the cabinet, not excluding Secretary Bryan, are sched
uled for the Panama-Pacific Exposition trip.
Mr. Bryan will go, of course, and will make
speeches going and coming and have much to say at
the exposition. Nor should there be the ieast objec
tion. The country is by this time fully resigned to
the propensities of its foreign minister as far as trav
eling and talking goes, for it is perceived that to this
extent they really do no harm. The State department
doesn't need anything more from its hea4 than his
PROTECTION FOR THE IMMIGRANT TOILER.
In employing experts to plan better conditions of
living for unskilled laborers, especially Immigrants,
the Federal Commission on Industrial Relations has
done a great service to humanity. The ignorant alien
toiler in this country Is fair game for exploitation.
Besides low wages there are such abuses as extortion
by employment agents, unfair contracts, fines and the
operations of money sharks. The recommendations
of the commission will include Btate legislation by
which working people can get relief from oppression
without the cost of hiring lawyers. That the Federal
arm is needed to protect the immigrant laborer has
been shown conclusively by the inquiry into the
Roosevelt strike and shooting.
When a passenger refunds the price of live rldei
out of which he "beat” a trolley company it 1b a cas<
of conscience deserving special mention. The cltlxei
who confesses that It was actually a sin for him te
get the better of a soulless corporation must be a pent
tent Indeed. The letter, with a remorseful remittsnci
of a quarter to the Public Service Railway, wae anony
mous. but as it was postmarked Camden and ex
plained that the writer had "hit the trail,'’ it Is evl
dent that he had been across the river to hear Bill;
Sunday In Philadelphia. When the evangelist cal
persuade anybody to give up a nickel which has eludei
the fare register his campaign must certainly be i
ENCOURAGING 8ICKNES8 ‘AMONG POLICE.
Atlantic City has a number of profitable Indus
tries, and one of them la a specialty with policemen. I
consists of being sick. The city pays a flrat-clas
patrolman $1,200 a year, which Is a little over $3
day, but the bluecoat on sick ltave averages about $
I aaji Hjam ThlB IB b*CRU96 Of pay fmm the m,l’
nicipality and benefits from the police pension fund
and seoret societies. And Mayor Biddle wanted to
allow the police full pay when off duty for illness.
The council very logically rejected the proposition
when reminded by the chief of police that it would
mean not enough policemen to go around In case of
a blizzard or other emergency. Half the force would
1 be earning double pay by bugging tba fire and read
t ing the war news at home.
WHERE THE "IF” COMES IN.
In th« voluminous literature sent out by th© rail
road companies giving their own highly colored side
of the controversy over the full crew law repeal there
appears this argument as to what can be done for the
people If the two millions of wages paid annually to
the extra brakemen In New Jersey and Pennsylvania
should be cut oft by the repeal of the law in the two
"If,” say the railroad companies’ publicity writers,
"the money was used In purchase of eighty locomo
tives, It would give employment for a year to 1,745
men. Should the $2,000,000 be expended In purchase
| of 2,000 freight cars, employment for a year would
be furnished*to 1,489 men. ^If the money was used
to purchase 200 steel passenger cars, a year’s work
would be provided for 1,708 men.” \
Pay particular attention to the "If," for It Is a
large one. Now, the railroad companies are not altru
istic. They are not in business primarily to benefit
labor, and they are not benevolently looking for op
portunities to give employment to men In other occu
pations. The object of the full crew bill repealer has
no reference whatever to anything but the trans
ference of the two millions of wages from the pockets
of the labor men to the dividends of the stockholders,
| comparatively few of whom live In New Jersey. There
is no "If” In that statement.
A GREAT TRAGEDY OF PEACE.
In th* period of great and appalling events, when
a battle equal to or surpassing the battle of Waterloo
Is noticed In the newspapers with only a few Hues
and then dismissed as a minor e^ent, a calamity like
that which happened In the Layland coal mine In
West Virginia, in which 170 men were entombed,
could not be expected to appear In type under big dis
play heads. »
| Only ten of the men thus entombed escaped alive
I and nearly a hundred bodlea have been recovered. As
| compared with the loss of life In one of the compara
1 ttvely small engagements that are In progress every
day In France and Poland, this death roll seems
almost trifling. But what a sacrifice of life In an em
ployment of peace In a country blessed with peace, ,
but with Its mind dulled to horrors by the awful
panorama of the greatest war the world has known—
a war that suggests Armageddon!
GREAT AMERICAN INDUSTRIES MENACEO.
Despite all the talk of new processes for utilizing
domestic waste products, nothing has been done for
American dyers, who are still dependent upon Germany
for their dyestuffs. The war at first Interrupted this '
trade and the outlook was serious for ths industry j
in this country, but of late the material had again ]
been coming from Germany through neutral ports, j
The allies’ embargo upon all commerce from as well
as to that country now constitutes a grave menace for
American dyers, as there is practically no supply of
| dyestuffs on hand in the United Statee, and very little
in prospect. This also means mischief for the textile
! mills, which will have to stop weaving If there are
1 no dyed yarns to work on. Unless the allies can be
persuaded or forced to abandon their new policy the
result is sure to be widespread unemployment and
suffering for our people.
■ ■■ ———————
WASTE THAT SHOULD BE PROFIT.
A discovery by a Pennsylvania chemist points to a
double benefit, the purification of water courses and
the cheapening of Industrial production. It Is found
that the water drained from soft coal mines contains
not only sulphur, but iron oxide pigments, which by a
new process can be extracted and used In the manu
facture of paints. It also yields ferro-hydrates effec
tive for purifying natural gas. Pollution from the
mines Is a serious thing for the water supply of many
localities, and when the process of preventing It more
Ithan pays for Itself a big problem la solved. What
[untold millions will be added to the wealth of this
; country when all the enormous Items of present waste
are turned Into profit!
FULL CREW LAW AND GRADE CROSSINGS.
! Just to think of ltl If the railroad companies
had not been obliged to employ full crews for their
trains In New Jersey and Pennsylvania they would
have been enabled to eliminate sixty-five grade cross
ings. What an Impressive statement! How con
But would they have done^ao, or will they now
guarantee to use the money to eliminate sixty-flve
grade crossings every frearl The legislator who
should present In the Legislature this as a reason for
| repealing the full crew law would well be worthy of
j a cap and bells.
INTRODUCING PRESIDENT GUILLAUME.
The opera bouffe republic of Haiti now has a
president with the etamp of regularity, for Oenoral
Guillaume has been formally elected to the Job. He
! had previously been "recognised” as chief executive
by the various revolutionary leaders, and later pro
claimed "provisional" president by the National As
sembly. But Guillaume's hold on the place waa really
clinched when he drove President Theodor out of the
Island, and it will last as long as bayonets can prop
him up, and no longer.
NEUTRALITY NET CAUGHT TARIFF THIEVES.
1 One way In which the European war may Inci
dentally profit our government appears In the revela
tion of customs frauds footing up half a million dol
lars on -the Canadian frontier. Thirty men In the
Importing trade who face prosecution for under
valuing goods might not have been caught If our
, Federal authorities Mad not been keeping a sharp eye
’ on the Canadian border to prevent violations of neu
‘ trallty. They fell Into the net spread for an entirely
) different class of offenders.
. . ' "7
OPINIONS AND VIEWS FROM THE EXCHANGES
The Country I* With Him.
Krom the Milwaukee Journal,
j No proof of the unanimity of Amer
ican sentiment In support of the ad
ministration In Its conduct of our
relations with foreign powers could
j be more striking then the agreement
I of papers without regard to politics
Bor partisan opinion. The following
is from the Cincinnati Timea-Star,
a conservative Republican paper,
owned by the brother of ex-Presldent
"President Wilson has a right to
expect the support of * united people
In the protests he has sent to the
German and English governments.
His attitude Is not a pro-English or
a pro-German, but a pro-American
attitude. He has followed the only
course that It was possible for an
American President, with an eye
only to the duties and responsibili
ties of bis own government, to pur
It Is not particularly significant
that this la from a Republican paper.
At such a time and upon such an
occasion, party lines vanish. The
administration has the duty of keep
ing his country out of Europe’s
quarrel while preserving respect for
our flag and regard for the lives of
our citizens. It Is not an easy task.
The least that every citizen can do
is to take care that his own attitude
shall not make It harder. There must
be no question of tbe firmness of the
American people behind their gov
ernment. Party leaders as well as
party newspapers recognize this. A
Republican ex-Presldent and the Re
publican floor leader In Congress
have expressed their loyalty and their
conviction that at this time loyalty
Is the flrst business of every Ameri
can. „ _ ___
Not Going to Miss Anything
Over at the dormitory In the
Young Men’s Christian Association
building the roomers are requested
to be In the building before 11 o'clock
at night. A night watchman takes
the name of all delinquent ones who
enter the dormitory after the be
witching hour of U p. aC
One of the new roomers made It a
practice to stay out until after 13
o’clock every night. After about two
weeks of this misbehavior he was
haled before the board to tell why
he did not observe the rules, as the
other roomers did.
’’Why do you persist In staying out
until after 12 o'clock each night when
you are supposed to be In before 11?"
he was questioned.
"I’m afraid 1 will miss something
If I go to bed the same day I get up,”
replied the delinquent one.
The “Invasion” of Newark
Two little girls, residing on lit.
Prospect avenue, were engaged In
whispered conversation while walk
ing along the thoroughfare the other
"What do you think, Marie, the
war has spread to this country now,”
said one of the girls, “and the enemy
Is coming right Into Newark.”
"Goodness gracious,” replied the
other girl with a shudder. "But how
did you find it out, Lillian?”
"Why, I read It In the paper,” said
Lillian. “Here, I have the clipping
In my pocketbook.”
Taking the Item from her handbag
she read, "Feds about to Invade New
ark; organized forces prepare to.
Weather Philosopher on Deck !
"Where Is that weather man on
this paper?” eagerly Inquired a visitor
to the office of the Evening Btar this
morning. “I want to see him quick
already. I want him to tell the peo
ple something about snowstorms.''
As the visitor was, to all outward
appearances, a deadrlnger for the
phllosopher-Uke "Oldest Inhabitant,"
and might possess valuable In
formation about snowstorms anl
other types of weather, as they ap
plied to this vicinity In the past and
could be safely used as a guage for
present conditions, due reverence was
paid to him. He was formally Intro
duced to the general utility reporter,
who had been put on the weather
Job earlier In the day.
"I only want to tell you to tell
all the people not to be alarmed
about today's snowstorm,” said the
specimen of the "Oldest Inhabitant.''
"The farmers can go on with their
spring work. They must not worry.
It’s good this storm comes now, os j
the snow can't last long. If it came
earlier in the season we would never
get rid of It until near summer. I’ve
noticed these things. So long,” and j
he left. I
Hitting “Cupid’s” Bureau
Frank Ciissey, of the city marriage
license bureau, says that the munici
pal exhibit In the City Hall may be
good for the city, but It Is a big
drawback to the marriage game.
During the past week 75 per cent,
of the marriage licensee have fallen
off and Mr. Crissey says that he
oan’t blame the marrying populace
for not going around the screen and
looking at tuberculosis cases before
the first step Into matrimony Is
Saving His Job
At least one telegraph operator In
Newark has the gratitude of a news
paper reporter. He saved the repor
ter's Job. The newspaperman In ques
tion at one time represented one of
the New York newspapers In th’s
city. Frequently at night he would
remain up until the wee ema' hours
and then find It difficult to report on
the Job In time In the morning.
On one occasion the newspaperman,
having made the trip to New York
and dining heavily, did not come from
under the covers until nearly noon.
An accident that resulted In the death
of several people happened, and the
newspaperman was nowhere In sight.
The telegraph operator was out with
him the night before and knew that
he was not to be expected.
The accident was of so much Im
portance that the local newspapers at
once began to Issue extra editions.
The telegraph operator saw his op
portunity and, beginning with the
first of these special editions, clipped
Ijhe reports of the accident and tele
graphed each to the New York news
He suddenly discovered that he was
beating all of the New York newspa
pers; that not one of his friend’s
rivals had shown up any more than
he had, and that the one newspnper
was getting the story of the accident
At noon the reporter showed up, sad
and repentant. Becoming aware of
the accident, he felt certain that he
had lost his Job. But just as he en
tered the telegraph office he received
a telegram of congratulation from his
newspaper. The telegraph operator
told him what he had done.
Next pay day the-weekly check was
"The 'Safety First' slogan,” said the
observer on a Summer avenue car
this morning, Jfis evidently being ap
plied by many men In this city, Judg
ing from what I see now."
“Whaddya mean?" asked his friend.
"Why, didn’t you notice the number
of men who are wearing rubbers to
day? In my day—that's when I was
a young fellow, like most of these
guys are—we never thought of wear
ing rubbers. Dook at that big 'rough
neck' over there—big enough to be
a fullback—wearing rubbers. He’s
taking no chances of getting wet feet
It's 'safety first’ with him. But In my
day most of us thought rubbers a
luxury, rather than a necisslty. Times
certainly have changed.”
Worn by the ladles.
Answer to yesterday’s Futile.
What the Bullet Sang
0 joy of creation
1 To be!
i O rapture to fly
And be free! *
' Be the battle lost or won,
Though its smoke shall hide the sun.
1 shall find my love—the one
| Born for me!
I shall know him where he stands
i All alonfe,
With the power in his hands
Not o’erthrown; -
I shall known him by his face,
By his godlike front and grace;
I shall hold for a space
All my own 1
It Is he—0 my love!
It is I—all thy love
It is I. O love! WhatbliA! '
Dost thou answer to my kiss?
O sweetheart! What is this
Lieth there so cold?
s —Bret Harte.
--—. - ■■■■ . ■ —— ~
1 ■ ■ -
HEALTH AND HAPPINESS
BY OR. LEONARD KEENE BIRSHBBRG.
A. B.. M. A., M. D. (John BopkloR).
Vaccine* Are Now Vsed to Cure Receding
Hot and rebellious liquors, .too much
salt and highly seasoned roods and
viands are the least of the vicious
Iniquities which send sad visitations
Into the mouth. Neither fish nor flesh,
nor good red herring, do as much
damage to the mouth as do those
little felons of Infection, the germs
of .pimples, bolls and other bacte
The Inside of the mouth Is often
spangled with shining marks of sore
ness, hillocks of Inflammation and in
dentions of Irritation. There 1* no
wider open door for malady-provoking
microbes than the mouth. It Is the
stamping ground for bacterial
masses, food debris and remnants of
the outer world of disease, dirt and
Floss silk, mild gum washes, the
tooth brush and vaccines made of the
dead germs, which most commonly
provoke mild Infections In this part
of the anatomy, Is so necessary a
procedure nowadays that no school
child, much less grown-ups, can af
ford to remain unfamiliar with their
Month W**h Sngreatlon*.
Dr. Joseph Head, of Philadelphia,
recently laid very proper emphasis
upon the employment of vaccines In
the treatment of a myriad of gum,
teeth, tongue and orifice maladlea. It
would be well for all dentists and
oral specialists to take heed.
A vaoclne made by first cultivating
the germs present In the gores of the
mouth planted upon a proper soil,
such as gelatin, milk or beef tea In
sterilised tubes beyond access of
other germs, killing theso bacteria
and then Inoculating the dead mi
crobes Into the arm of the sufferer,
can never do any harm, and often
cures or prevents the ailment caused
by the earns germs when alive and
flourishing In the mouth.
In any event, howevbr, all the grit,
tf^rls and bacterial masses present
In the gums, teeth or gores should he
frequently removed by approved
mouth washes. A saturated watery
solution of sodium slllcofluorlde—
which Is a little over one-half per
cent. In strength—Is an excellent
mouth wash. Retained In the mouth
with a squirting eyrtnging-Uke action
back and forth between the teeth,
and around the tonsils once or twice
a day will yield most happy results.
Inflammation Is Rllayed, and the
germs are slaughtered by these
washes, although, strange to say.
non-antiseptic mouth washes are
often more successful than germicidal
ones. , ...
What happens, obviously, Is Just
what occurs when dead germs of tjje
offending type are Injected Into the
blood stream. The fighting powers
of the tissue Juices, the lymph, and
the blood are reinforced and in
vigorated. The combative strength
of the vital powers Is enhanced and
made resistant to the Invading bac
teria. Such a state of affairs sur
passes that of the mere death of ml
crobes by outside chennlcalB.
Theory of Vaccine*.
Local applications, however, are
not enough. The blood tissues of the
mouth must be reanimated and re
couped frJwn within. Vaccines of
dead germs, true enough, are part and
parcel of this Internal regeneration.
Todlde of potash Is one of the logical
remedies to he taken Internally. Since
Iodine applied to a spot of the flesh
has a definite tendency to add to its
redemption. It follows that a com
bination which causes tod ne to ap
pear In the saliva, as potaslum Iodide
does, assuredly may be expected to
assist the epithelium of the mouth to
defeat marauding germs.
Whether such Inflammations take
place as blisters, as pyorrhoea, as
decay, as spongy gums or as receding
flesh matters not. Iodine, elnce It is
under such circumstances present In
the saliva, will bathe add Inundate
all parts reached by the saliva.
Formaldehyde Is a powerful disin
fectant, as everybody now knows.
^Formalin Is the 40 per cent, solution
of formaldehyde used for disinfecting
refuse, hospitals and other plague
spots. Hexamethylenamine or hexa
methylentetramlne le a drug which,
taken Internally with citrates, dis
integrates Into formaldehyde and ap
pears as such In ths bladder, bile
channels, gall sao, saliva, and other
places where bodily fluids are free to
Next to a vaccine—and I Insist that
every instance of pyorrhoea and
chronic mouth and tooth disorder
should be treated with vaccines,
though ten different germs be the
cause—the local use of slllcofluorlde
of soda In solution, milk of magnesia
and peroxide must be tried/ More
over, no omlaslon to try both hexa
methylenamine and Iodide of potash
Internally Is excusable.
Answers to Health Questions
O. J. D.—Q—Will you please tall me
what to do for bolls?
A—Apply to the bolls white precipi
PHIL—Q—Could you tell me If I
can make my flngera thinner?
A—Massage the Angers with glycer
ine and cold cream, rubbing toward
C. A. W.—Q—Please tell me what to
do for the puffs undsr my eyes.
A—Massage with olive oil, and get
more sleep and fresh air.
B. K. 8.—QwPleaee tell me why
some people talk through the nose. Is
there any cure for It?
A—Yes, this Is curable by means of
a slight nasal operation.
D. M. R—Q—Will you please In
form me whether or not there le in
the United States a sanltorlum for
the free treatment of cancer, and If
so, where located?
A—Every large hospital treats oan
cer without charge. There are In
stitutes also In Buffalo, New York,
Bt. Mary's Hospital and Denver.
MISS C. M. T.—Q—Is glycerine good
for blackheads and enlarged pores?
If so, how Is It used? Will It cause
hair to grow on the face?
A—Blaokheads may be dissolved out
of the skin with glycerine and ben
xbln. The mixture is also good for
enlarged porea. It will not cause heir
A DAILY RBADBR—Q—I am
troubled with white pimples on my
face. What can I do?
2—What le good for chapped skin?
A—1—Avoid greasy, oily and hot
foods. sweets, pastries, candles,
starches, vinegars, pickles and sour
things. Massage the skin clean with
a Turkish towel and Ice cold water.
Do not use soap or hot water on your
face, but wash with sallcylio add. 1
part; tartaric add, 2 parts; seetlo
add, B parts: glycerine, 20 parts;
kaolin, 80 parts; rosewater. 75 parts.
Apply at night: Sulphur. >4 ounce;
spirits of camphor, 15 drops; resorcin,
10 grains; acada. 1 ounce; lime water,
2 ounoee; rosewater, 1 ounce.
2—Apply glycerine to the skin at
-^ ■——— 7— ~~~tt
Fair Game If Game Is Played Fair |
To the Editor of the Evening Stsr: I
Dear Sir—The cartoon as printed
In your paper of today, I fall to see
where this cartoon has any bearing
on the repeal of the full crew law,
and as a citizen and layman, the rail
roads are entitled to fair play, as long
as they play a fair game. And, a# T
understand, the engineers are a dls
It's wonderful to hear the squawker
squawkin’ ’bout how everything Is
goin’ plump to pot. No matter where
you go you're bound to hear him
talkin'—and in zero weather you kin
bet that he's ‘‘hot”! There is no
Justice In the world; there Is no
sweetness. Men and women of re
ligion only fake. Philanthropist* and
heroes show their cheapness In the
! sort of worshipers with whom they
| always "take." Santa Claus—and
| Christ—are equally spurious; the
Bible never meant to be believed. All
these are merely dope to please the
curious; to tickle those who long, and
long, to be deoelved. No man has
ever made his fortune honest; It
came to him by hook or croqk or sin.
He knows—'cause when he done his
very dam’st, not chick or child did
have luck to ever win. He’s standln'
, In the rendezvous of every village; at
every bugjulce bar he makes his
mighty plea; but 'mid all this awful
' humdrum anent pillage, he has never
I stopt a "skeeter" nor a flea. The
diligent pursue their avocations; the
thrifty climb the steeps untq tl^eir
fondest dreams. None—only those
who love to have vacations—have
time for him; at least, that’s how It
JAMES H. BOL/ICHO.
Roqkawfty, N. J, > _
interested party In this controversy.
FRANK P. OINFRIDA.
A constant reader of the Newark
Marsh 4, 1*18.
BIRTHDAY OF NOTED WOMEN
BY HABY MARSH All..
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, prob
ably the greatest of all women poets,
was bom on March 6, 106 years ago.
She was a child of extraordinary pre
cocity, and at the age of eight she
was reading Homer In the original
with the greatest of pleaauip, and at
eleven she wrote an epic as a birth
day surprise for her father.
It would be hard to find In all Eng
lish biography a childhood more full
of encouragement and stlmu'atlon for
the budding poet than was Elizabeth
Browning's. She was encouraged by
a highly educated father In all her
Intellectual attainments. She was
surrounded by the healthful compan
ionship of other children. She had
her own garden, which she loved
dearly, and fields and woods stretched
out about her home, and here she
was allowed to wander to her *
heart’s content. While she was de
voted to reading, she was not an un
natural child. She read Homer when
she was only nine, but she nursed •
doll In one arm while she held the
Greek book with the other.
Elisabeth was devoted to her
ponies, and was a remarkably fine
horsewoman when she was a child.
And It was due to this that she sus
tained the Injury that made of her
a lifelong Invalid. It was when she
was a girl of fifteen that one day she
attempted to saddle her own horse,
and through some mlsbuckllng of
the straps of the saddle she was
thrown from her horse, receiving in
juries of the spine from which she
NEW NEWS OF YESTERDAY *
When Lincoln Was Willing to Give Up His Job
“I have long been of the Impression
I that the days and weeks of the fall
of 1863 were those associated with the
greatest depression experienced bp
Lincoln during his entire administra
This remark was made to me by the
late Judge Noah Davis, who, by only
two votes, was defeated In the caucus
for nomination for United States
Senator Just after the close of the
Civil War. Judge Davis's successful
competitor was Roscoe Conkllng. The
prominence and Influence of Judge
Davis In Republican councils at that
time were demonstrated by the fact
that by the narrowest of margins he
was defeated for the United States
Senate. Afterward Judge Davis was
a member of Congress, United States
district attorney, and then for many
years Justice of the Supreme Court
for New York State.
“Every one who reads carefully
over and over again Lincoln’s Immor
tal Gettysburg address cannot fall to
perceive that behind that address was
a heavy heart And that It was written
by a men whose sorrows were many,”
continued Judge Davis. “I have,
however, direct evidence of Lincoln’s
despair at that time, or Just before
the address was given, from Thurlow
"Mr. Weed told me that In an hour's
conversation with Lincoln at a time
when he had been asked by the Presi
dent to call upon him at the White
House, he realised for the first time
how stupendous the strain upon him
was, how greatly he grieved that he
had not thus far b<sen able to save
the Union, and that he was beginning
to wonder whether some other man
than he would not succeed.
“Mr. Weed said to me that he, also,
was ‘beginning to wonder whether
there was not some man in the Demo
cratic party of the North who could ».
work out a successful plan by which
the Union could be saved.
“Mr. Weed said, also, that Lincoln
asked him If he would make Investi
gation so that It could be known
whether or not there was some mar
of Democratic association, but who
was loyal to the Union, could maki
better progress toward terminating
the war and saving the Union than
he had been able to do.
"Mr. Weed, being greatly astonished
and deeply moved by the question
which he realised President Lincoln
had asked In all sincerity, could at
first think of nothing to say, but to „
ask the President why he bad put
that question to him.
“The President «aid: 'Because, if
there Is a man In the Democratic
party who can save the Union more
speedily than X, then I want him to
take my place.
“Perceiving that the President was
In earnest, Mr. Weed said he would
make Inquiry. He spent several
weeks in discussion find consultation
with many of the warm friends he
had who were Democrats. "Wien he
rturned to the White Hou*e and said
to the President that It would be Im
possible for tho Democratic party to
unite with the Republicans on the *
support of a candidate for the presi
dency, even though the candidate
were the strongest kind of a war
Democrat. Weed, furthermore, told
the President that the responslblllty
and duty In saving the Union were
upon him and that he must not shirk
(Copyright. 1916, F. J. Edward*. All
___^ . -
ODDITIES IN TODAY’S NEWS |j
Mother'* Klee Paeeee Morphine Tabled t*
Child of Twelve.
KANSAS CITY. Mnroh Thenew
Federal drug regulation* are bring
ing eome queer things to light. One
ot them was observed at Mercy Hos
pital yesterday—a twelxe-year-old
girl caught In the net of morphine.
And more astonishing was the fact
that It was her mother, herself a
victim, who had taught her the use
of the drug.
At the institutional church the girl
said good-bjr to her mother before
leaving for Mercy Hospital, where
they are trying to cure her of the
habit. The woman kissed her daugh
ter and walked out, nobobdy suspect
ing anything, but when she had been
gone a short time the girl told her
watchers that she had received a
tablet of the drug from her mother's
mouth In the kiss.
All This Was Found By Chemist In a
Pound of Bool ns.
PHILADELPHIA, March One
pound of raisins, purchased by a
special agent of the Dairy and Food
Commission, was analyzed by State
Chemist Charles H. Lawall. He
Prunes, rice beans and fuzsy dirt.
Human and animal hairs, straight
and curly, and fibers of cotton and
wool dyed green, yellow, brown, pink U
and gray. 4
Straw and a little bit of bran.
Sand, cornstarch, broken wheat
and yeast spores.
Pine wood and fragments of un
identified other timber.
Tobacco leaf, cigarette paper and
Also the wings and legs of a few
unfortunate Insects—otherwise the
retains were all right.
as the outcome William Wollaaon.
In front of whose store the collection
was bought, was held In $400 ball for
Old Brakeman Tells His Story jj
Editor of Evening Star:
Dear Hlr—Referring to your edi
torial about Assemblyman Boland. I
will say that you hit the nail on the
head. Let me put before the public
a few lines on this full crew matter.
Why have the railroads the right to
have a law repealed when It la a
benefit to the teen Who work for
them and aleo the traveling public
who use their tralnsT
Another thing. No man knows
what a man who works for a rail
road has to go through In performing
his duties as a brakeman except those
who have worked for a railroad and
have been on top of cars, around them
and between them. Theae are the
ones who know, not an engineer.
I myself have done the same thing
till I was hurt, and who was to blame
for my Injuries but an engineer? And
now the companies are going to have
an engineer eatplaln what he knows,
or, rather, don’t know, to help them
repeal the full crew law.
If they had taken a conductor or
a brakeman there would be a dif
ferent story to toll, always provldod
the truth was told. Will the Brother
hood of Trainmen stand to have a
member downed by a man who may
be a rrfember of the Brotherhood of
Engineers and Firemen, if this engi
neer Is a member of ons? I don’t *
tfiink so. We elected and sent men
to Trenton to fight for what la a
benefit to the public and alao men who
.work for these corporation*. Aa an
old railroader I coi.,0 near knowing
that the full crew tiw la needed In
this part of the country.
It may be that out West, where
there Is not so much to do, they have
an excess of help to run a train, but
here in the East a full force la a
This Is one more law that the rail
roads are trying to put over the
Now, your editorial has stated Mr
Boland may lose his position. I do
not think ao. If he Is a member of
the Brotherhood of Trainmen, a*
every man who Is a member will
stand by him. They need not be
afraid of the company.
I will state in closing that I, for
one, know that these extra men are
needed on some of the trains. When
I was a brakeman I bad to be a
freight handler, a porter, a flagman,
and also a brakeman on a train that
needer extra men. Tours truly,
JOHN B. VAN NOTE.
Union township, Bergen county, N. J.
HERE are a few facte regarding The Prudential’s
1914 record: Everybody is in
Policles issued »nd revived. 2,506,882 vited to visit the
Paid-for business secured. $518,063,821.00 Prudential Ex
Tear gain in insurance in force. $185,590,328.00 Mbit on Life In
Total policies in force. 12,835,645 surance and Pub
Total insurance in force.$2,502,478,248.00 nc ]Yejfare at the
Death claims paid. $22,935,690.78 Panama - Pacific
Matured endowments, annuities and dividends ' ~_..._- _
pdl . M. 143,307,4. ^‘“on. San
Assets. $361,469,866.05 tranclSCO.
Liabilities •«• • • • *--• • • • • • •••••••••••« $324,978,56631
Capital and surplus. ... $36,481,299.54
Total income...... $103,226,010.98 ,
MUBT V. MTMM. fMlhH
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