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VOL. LXXXIV,—NO. 1IO.
MONDAY EVENING, MAY 10, 1915.
deal fairly with the president.
To say, as American people, that “we mourn our
loss,” that our sorrow is both deep and poignant, and
that we ask that full justice for the sinking of the
Lusitania, with all its terrible consequences, be done,
would seem to be superfluous.
Not only do Americans grieve for those of our
own—the notable citizen, the philanthropist, the
plain, every-day business man, the mothers and their
babes, but our grief and heartfelt sympathy extend
to the persons of every country or nation who suf
fered through the. dreadful calamity.
But the self-control, the self-restraint, for which
the American people are noted, can hardly be ex
ercised if the press of the country urges the full play
of these virtues in one breath and voices inflamma
tory utterances with the next breath. It is "uphold
the hands of the president,” now, and next there is a
heated demand for a declaration of war.
It Is to the president of the United States that
the people must now turn. Much, if not all, must be
left to his judgment, which will not be announced
until he has thoroughly studied the facts in the
case, based upon official Information, the supplying
of which he has demanded. The president of the
nation is sorely beset by trouble, and every true
American will forget all political and personal dif
ferences to lend him moral aid in the great crisis that
confronts him and the people of the land.
To hear a former president of the United States
declare that he will not discuss the situation, that
he has confidence In the wisdom of President Wilson
and would not embarrass him, and then proceed to
condemn the administration's Mexican policy and ad
vance a personal view that we have every right In
the world to ship munitions of war to other countries
engaged in war, seems to be a modification of the
disposition to embarrass the president. Another for
mer president, right off the reel, vehemently insists
upon a declaration of war on somebody or something.
These thfcigs should not be. These former pres
idents are not responsible for conditions as they
exist or for consequences that may follow President
Therefore a common sense idea of the eternal
fitness of things should deter these former presi
dents from submitting to Interviews or rushing into
print. Reave the difficult problem to the one most
concerned, the responsible hoad of the nation.
it. is neither the time nor the place for firebrands
or the calculating critic with a rapier point to his
Whatever the president decides upon as the course
to be pursued will be followed by the American
people, and If a blow Is to be struck that, blow will
be struck with an American vigor that has never yet
diminished in force.
Relatives and friends of those sacrificed when the
Rusitanta went down will never forgot their loss nor
will time efface from their memories the causes that
they feel deprived them of their loved ones.
Already the German press has taken former Pres
ident Taft to task for his nlleged statement quoted in
a Milwaukee dispatch, that this country has a perfect
right, to manufacture and send to any other country
engaged In war munitions and Implements of war.
Admitting this, the German press nsks If hostile ships
have not then the right to attack vessels conveying
such cargoes to their enemies? It Is, says one German
editor, facetiously or sarcastically, a case of ''getting
away with the goods. If you get away with the
goods all right, but If you nre caught with the goods
on you pay the penalty.”
These points may be all right so far as the pro
English or the pro-German sentiment goes, but the
United States will act on the question as It bears upon
the loss of American lives and after a thorough re
search into every circumstance and condition. Na
tional honor, dignity and prestige are at stake, as are
Justice and the country's well-being. Germany has
officially assumed responsibility for the sinking of the
As for those who diroct the operations of the
English war machine, a reckoning Is already being de
manded and by the people of England.
The Evening Star was perhaps the first American
paper to call attention to the neglect of England to
have warships, cruisers, torpedo boats and other aux
iliaries at sea to convoy the menaced Lusitania to a
port of safety. If there ever was a reason for a safe
guarding fleet for any beleaguered or threatened ship,
the big Cunarder was the one that called for and
should have had that form of protection.
Lord Beresford announced in the House of Com
mons that he will call upon Prime Minister Asquith
to explain this all too apparent neglect to safeguard
England's sea commerce lanes and the lives of pas
sengers on her ships.
Not only did the British naval vessels fail to ap
pear as a bodyguard to the Lusitania in England's
home waters, but there is nothing to show that a
single warship or cruiser showe'd up at the scene of
the great disaster to serve as a medium of rescue to
drowning men, women and children.
Where were the warships? Why was even the
work of rescue left to trawlers and other volunteers?
Why was a false idea of security given to the
Americans who boarded the LuBitania at New York
with their wives and families?
All in all, this distressing tragedy of the sea, with
the extraordinary issues involved, is one that must be
settled, not by emotions or flamboyancy, but by the
calm, cool judgment that can be formed only by deep
thought and study, the American people in the mean
time patiently waiting th6 result of the president’s
conclusions and being prepared to abide by that result
regardless of who may be concerned or affected. That
is the American way.
POLITICAL CAMPAIGN LEGISLATIVE ECONOMY.
There can be no excuse for the economy of the
legislative majority in knifing important appropria
tions, the effect of which is now beginning to be se
verely felt. State Banking Commissioner LaMonto
announces that by reason of this slaughter of the
appropriations he will not be able to pay the salaries
of special investigators. He will be compelled to
deny charters to building and loan associations until
the next Legislature appropriates the necessary funds.
The damage done to the National Guard is -serious
enough. In this year of profoundly aroused national
Interest in the country's defenses the act of the Legis
lature Js unpardonable. It would not be too strong a
characterization to say that it was disloyal.
Presumably the members of the Legislature have
read the daily newspapers with their reports of state
ments made in Congress and elsewhere showing the
pitiful Inadequacy of the nation’s armaments, and
knew that there was a vital necessity for building up
the strength of the State Guard, and yet witness their
incomprehensible act of denying a single dollar for
maneuvers for the guard.
It is exceedingly hard to see how the majority
leaders can claim credit for their financing when such
results were shown. Nor are these exceptional. The
State institutions have been hard hit. For one ex
ample, as Commissioner LaMonte says, the Jamesburg
Home for Boys Is left with its ancient and defective
boilers and the inmates of the home may freeze next
winter to enable the Legislature to make a mock show
cff economy for the November election.
NKWAKK’H CLEAN-UP WEEK.
Clean-flip jveek has become an annual custom
with cities and towns of the country. It Is an evi
dence of a civic spirit that has been conspicuously
lacking in most American communities, and it 1b also
putting a new and better spirit into the municipal
authorities. When the citizens make the example
their municipal servants are fain to fall into line.
An Immense amount of mere rubbish accumulates
In and around dwellings in a year. Trash Is put
away In garrets and cellars, and back yards are made
storage places for refuse. This useless and dangerous
stuff Is permitted to accumulate. In changing their
places of abode on moving day In the spring and
fall people coming Into vacated houses almost Invari
ably find cellar and garret and back yard filled with
Today begins the clean-up week for Newark, and
the municipality will provide the means for removing
the rubbish and debris set out from dwellings. The
philosopher who studies the habits of humanity will
have a fine opportunity during the week to make his
rounds of the town and take his observations of the
amount and character of the rubbish heaped on the
curb for the scavenger to take away.
THE LESSON OF THE NAVAL DISPLAY.
The great naval spectacle In the Hudson river Is
gratifying to the pride of Americans, and the aver
age man who views it in its majestic proportions is
Inclined to believe that it is the last word in naval
defense. But superb as is this pageant of our war
ships, it is by no means all that we could wish it to
be. We know things best by comparison, and must
judge the American navy by those of other great
But it is well and timely that the spectacle is
given, and is to be repeated on the Pacific coast.' It
will be a great stimulant to national pride and in
terest without encouraging the false impressions '
about our naval strength that have existed.
When the new Congress meets in December even
Secretary Daniels will have seen the light; but tho
sentiment In Congress, reflecting that of the country,
will not repeat the errors of the past. While we may
not have a great army, we can have a great navy, suf
ficient to avert a war or protect our coasts from a
| OPINIONS AND VIEWS FROM THE EXCHANGES J
Tho People Should Bo Kopt Fully In
formed on Public Affaire.
From tho Cincinnati Enquirer.
The people of Great Britain won the
right to "free speech and a free press"
through the efforts of many cen
turies, and they never will give that
They fought the hat lie of the
■world's population in their struggle
for these necessities of a free people,
and they are resentful at the military
and civic authorities who have taken
It upon themselves to censor the news
from the fields of battle, and to with
hold from them full details of public
affairs. They are Justified In this
resentment. If the masses of the
people of Great Britain had known
prior to the brenking out of this war
that the German kaiser had offered
to Great Britain that if It would guar
antee the neutrality of Belgium and
Prance that he, tho kaiser, would
then withdraw his troops from tho
frontiers of Belgium and France, and
that France would have nothing to
fear—If the masses of the people of
Great Britain had known of this offer
and nad been given time to consider
It. this war would have never in
volved either Great Britain, France
As It was. three members of tho
British cabinet, members who were
fully aware of this proposition of the
kaiser, voted against the war, and re
signed from office rather than favor
It. It Is no wonder then that British
public leaders and the British people
are becoming louder In their loud de
mands for removal of the muzzles of
the press and for tho publication of
Aews as It is received and without
coloring to the suit the British min
The British people are strong
enough and brave enough to with
stnnd the effects of 111 tidings from
the battlefields, and they are patriotic
enough to rise to highest heights of
sacrifice to preserve their country,
but they are too intelligent, too de
sirous of maintaining a free govern
ment, to submit to the withholding
of news; too fond of the whole truth
to accept news Altered through a
censorship that tells only part of the
truth, and that the part which suits
This evil practice of the British
ministry and its subservient censors
has been followed too closely by our
own State Department as regards
events in Mexico and our relations
with other foreign countries.
The people of the United States
are the government of this republic.
Officials, temporarily in position, are
their servants, not their masters,
their instructors, nor keepers of their
It Is the people of the United
States who should be fully informed
by these public servants as to public
business both at home and abroad,
and it is the people of the United
States who should be regarded and
consulted as to policies to b<\ pur
sued in our relations with foreign
powers. It is time the people of the
United States should know what ro
ply has been received from the allies
as to the seizure of our ships under
the'British “order of council.”
When the full Information as to the
injury done the GulAight is received
it should be published, that our peo
ple may know the facts and who
were perpetrators of the outrage.
If Japan is threatening China and
violating our rights in that country,
or attempting anything in deAance of
our treaties with Japan or with China,
the people of the United States are
the ones interested, not alone our
officials, and our peoplo should be
kept fully Informed.
What Is Your Baby Worth?
Philadelphia Evening Ledger.
A man in Roaring Branch, Lycom
ing County, has a little girl two years
old, for which ho has refused an offer
of $'00,000. And he said he would not
sell her for twenty times that sum.
Is your little girl or boy worth as
much? Actuaries can compute the
money value of a human being at any
time of its life, but their computa
tions are based on cold figures dealing
with earning capacity and cost of
maintenance, as though they wero
considering the value of a piece of
Mothers and fathers, however, are
not in the habit of looking on thoir
children as though they wore looms
and lathes. It Is evident that one
man without children is willing to
pay more for a small bundle of smiles
and affection, more than he would
Invest In any single machine in his
No amount of reasoning can per
suade parents that they aro taking
a mistaken view of relative values
when they hold their children above
price. Even the very poor will en
dure great hardships rather than
surrender their children to the care
of the State. No mere material com
forts can take the place of those
satisfactions which keep the heart
warm when the eyes rest on one’s
own offspring. There is more In life
than the accumulation of wealth, and
however flawless may be the mathe
matics of the actuaries, they leave
out of account In their computations
of the worth of a child an essential
element, tho existence of which legis
lators In these latter days arc only
just beginning to recognise.
I would be true, for there are those who trust me;
I would be pure, for there are those who care;
I would be strong, for there is much to suffer;
I would be brave, for there is much to dare.
I would be friend to all—the foe—the friendless;
I would be giving, and forget the gift;
I woul4 be humble, for I know my weakness;
1 would look up—and laugh—and love—and lift.
—Howard Arnold Walter.
BIRTHDAY OF NOTED WOMEN
Anne of Bohemia
BY MARY MARSHALL.
Never was a queen more beloved
by her king than was Queen Anne of
Bohemia by King Richard II., yet
it is said that Anne had no claims to
beauty, for she came of the Luxem
burg family, with whom beauty was
an Unknown quantity. She was born
May 10, 1366, and was the eldest
daughter of Emperor Charles IV.,
who was also King of Bohemia. It
was when she was sixteen that she
was escorted to England with great
ceremony and much splendor to be
the wife of the king, whom she had
never seen, and they were married In
St. Stephen’s chapel in old West
minster. The large train of Bohe
mians whom Anne took with her into
England were not much liked by the
English, nor were the styles that
Anne carried with her from her own
country. Among these were side
saddles, which had never been seen
in England before, and the high, tight
caps which seemed like an imposi
tion to the English.
The king was exceedingly fond ot
his queen, and loved her so devoted
ly that he never let her away from
him for long at a time. Twelve years
after their marriage Anne died of
the pestilence without an heir, and
the king's grief knew no consolation.
"Besides cursing the place where
she died,” says a contemporary
writer, "he did also for anger, throw
down the buildings into which the
former kings, when wearied of the
city, were wont for pleasure to re
In order to make her funeral one
of the most imposing on record, tho
king imported a special supply of
wax from Flanders for the flambeaux,
and caused his own effigy to be
carved with hands clasped with hers,
and to be put over her tomb in West
minster. And there to this day the
beloved Queen Anne of Bohemia is
to be seen, only now she is deprived
of her tight Bohemian headdress,
which gave offense to the English,
for many years later, when the troops
of Cromwell were stabled within the |
ancient walls of Westminster, they >
struck off this headdress and it has
never been replaced.
HEALTH AND HAPPINESS
BY Dll. LEONARD KEENE HIRSHBERG.
A. B., M. A., M. D. (John HopklnB).
How to Protect Tour Teeth end Prevent
The teeth are the root of all virtue
—in a physical sense. There Is. then,
something of an excuse for the fem
inine madness of blaming all the in
fections, chronic, accidental and par
asitic maladies of an infant’s life upon
that mark and scapegoat. If a child
has a sore toe, ten chances to one, ]
though it be under six months of age,
before teeth appear, or at an age when
all the teeth have arrived, its mother,
aunt, neighbor' or grandmother will
blame It on "teething."
"Ah, the little dear Is only teeth
ing. doctor," say mothers when the;
child has bronchitis, dysentery, dlor
rhoea, tonsllltls, scarlet fever, ap
pendicitis, colic, coughs, and what
not. Many a bairn has been borne to,
its bier by these loving, home-made J
"guesses”—always wrong. j
The teeth, like the hair, the nails
and the other tissues, come silently
like snow In the night. It Is pure
word-Juggllng of the most vicious
dope that makes women snap up
ready-made, catch-penny names
handed down by tradition.
What Pyorrhea Is.
There Is, however, a universal dis
ease of the teeth which everybody
has soon or late. Happily it assails
the mortal pearls of the mouth of
grown-ups. With a modicum of elbow
grease and a toothbrush this ailment
does not Intrude Its presence upon In
fants and youths. Ostracized until
adult life, It Bumptiously seeks a foot
hold upon the "superl-dental" mem
brane, the sheath of the teeth.
Pyorrhea Is the unpleasant name of i
this more than unpleasant disorder. |
Disregarded or treated by antiquated ;
methods this widely distributed ail
ment leads to the loss of the teenth.
There Is a tendency among pro
gressive investigators to hold to the
sweeping Judgment that a tiny ani-.
mn'lcule called an amoebae, Is re
sponsible for ’’Rlgg’s disease” or
pyorrhea. An amoeba Is a speck of |
life so small that the drop of saliva |
may contain a million of them. They |
look under the mlcrosscope like
splotches of clear transparent Jelly.
White blood corpucsles are so much
like amobea that a concentrated en
semble rush of the former upon a lot
of bacteria around the teeth could
easily be mistaken for amobea.
Every mud puddle and pond teems
with various types of amobea. Cock
roaches are an abundant source of
them. Lettuce and plants often
abound with amobea. None of these,
however, cause sickness. They aro
harmless, not pathological amoebae.
Tropical dysentery and dysenteries of
a certain kind hereabouts aro asso
ciated with pathological amobea.
Whether the dauntless parasitolo
gists and dentists who trace pyor
rhea to amoebae are correct or not,
there is not a shadow of a doubt but
that pus germs, microbes that manu
facture matter, and other bacteria in
fect and destroy the membranes of
the teeth, roots and the gums.
In fine, true pyorrhea as you find
It and know It is In reality a germ
malady with the undermining matter
formed by bacteria and pus
corpuscles. Peradventure the amobea
—or white corpuscles—start the
trouble, but the damage Is actually
perpetuated by a mixed Infection of
Kmmminv »nn mu*.
Amoebic, dysentery has long been
treated with Ipecac, and its essential
ingredient, emmetine. Dr. M. J. Bar
rett and Dr. J. Allen Smith, the pio
neers, who unearthed the amoebae as
the guilty causes of pyorrhoea, wise
ly suggested that emmetine be used
In the treatment of this mouth
scourge. With all due reverence to
the fact that amoebae have been con
sidered harmless natives of the hu
man mouth for fifty years, Drs. Bar
rett and Smith deserve the glory that
ts theirs, both for discovering the
amoebae on the membrane of the
teeth and the practical adoption of
emmetine as a remedy.
Notwithstanding this, 1 have been
more successful with additional meas
ures than without them. True enough,
three Ipecac tablets dally for one
week or half a grain of emmetine
hypoderlmcally once a day for as
long a time Is advisable. This should
be repeated once a month until the
other aids have effected the desired
The allies of the emmentlne are
these: The ‘‘peridental” membrane
must be scraped by tho dentist. The
matter and pus must bo planted in
tubes by a bacteriologist, tho germs
isolated and killed and inoculated
into the pyorrhea patient every eight
davs three times.
Simultaneously five grains each of
hexamethylenamine and lactate of
capsicum must be given In a tumbler
ful of water every four hours. After
meals a saturated water solution of
Iodide of potash Is to be taken. At
first fifteen drops, then add one drop
at each meal until fifty drops are
reached. Gradually a return is simi
larly made to fifteen drops again, al
ways In lots of water.
In this fashion iodine and formalin
[ Is freed In the saliva and gums and
| aids in excavating and scavenging
out the bacteria always present In the
Answers to Health Questions
E. B.—Q—Is there anything than
can be done to reduce a fleshy nose?
A—An operation performed on the
Inside of the nose will reduce the
fleshy parts. Have a skillful nasal
surgeon to use either the Lee Cohen
or Roe method, which will not leave
W. O. Q.—Q—What will remove
liver spots from the face?
A—Liver spots may be removed by
radium. X-rays, cautery or the sur
A. P.—Q—1—I am troubled with a
thick yellow secretion in one of my
nostrils. What can I do for It?
2—1 also suffer from Itching, from
no apparent cause, in all parts of my
body. Is there anything that will
A—1—Have your nose and throat
examined and all obstructions re
moved. In the meantime Irrigate
your nose and throat three times a
day with alkaline antiseptic fluid di
luted three times In water.
2—At night apply to the Itching
partB: Calamine, two and one-half
drams; zinc oxide, two drams; glycer
in, two drams; phenol, one-half dram;
lime water and rosewater enough to
make three ounces.
J. C.—Q—1—I have a sour stomach.
What will correct It?
2—What shall I do for constipation?
A—1—Take up dancing and physical
culture. Drink three quarts of dis
tilled water dally. A llthia tablet will
make the water effervesce. Carry
charcoal tablets with you and take
four or five any time you feel sick.
Sleep ten hours In the twenty-four.
2—Eat more green vegetables, spin
ach, plainly boiled Spanish onions,
beet root, sorrel, carrots, ripe fruits,
plums, oranges, baked apples, dates,
figs prunes currants, skewed pears,
plain puddings, oatmeal and other
cereals, a bowlful of bran made Into
mush each morning with sugar and
cream, gingerbread made with honey,
and take olive oil freely with salads,
or a dessertspoonful taken with po- i
tatoes or beet root with meals. Drink
two glassfuls of distilled water one
half hour before each meal, and take
several hours active exercise dally.
J. S., Newark.—A—Avoid excite
ment, obtain lots of sleep and rest, do
not overexert yourself, and keep the
bowels active. Do not eat meats,
nuts, peas, beans, solid food, hot
dishes, salt, pepper and other condi
ments. Take fifteen drops of a
saturated solution of Iodide of potash
In water after meals, increasing one
drop at a time until you are taking
fifty drops, then go down to fifteen
drops and up several times. Drink
three quarts of distilled water daily,
lots of fresh milk and take a Bulgaria
tablet with your meals.
E. D., Newark.—A—The physician
of the City Hospital, in Newark,
know as much as the Detroit doctors.
Despite what you are told, gallstones
often dissolve away If glycotauro,
fresh ox-blle or bile salts are taken.
Drink distilled water and a pure
carbonate water, alternately, three
quarts dally. Eat green vegetables,
without much starch, whey, unsea
soned foods, fresh fruits and cereals,
and take a Bulgaria tablet with
meals. Avoid all solid foods, liquors,
tea and coffee. Take five grains of
ox-bile, ox-gall or bile salts after
JI' V e
1 FOUR POUNDSjlvl!^; j
Answer Sutnrdsi 'n Piicsle.
After Twenty Years of Divorce, Couple
MAYESVIELE, Ga., May 10.—
After nearly twenty years of separa
tion and legal divorce, Colonel Oscar
Brown and the bride of his first love
Colonel Brown was Just Oscar
Brown, the young lawyer, when a
score of years ago he fell In love with
Miss Olline McNorton and married
her. They lived happily for a while
and a boy was born to them. They
later had disagreements and separ
ated. After many years, during
which the boy grew to man's estate,
the old love was revived and the
family is once more united.
Well Water Turn. Gray Hair Back to a
PLATTENVILLE, Colo., May 10.—
A city well is to bring fame to Plat
tenville—that Is, If some get-rich
qulck Wallingford does not get an
option on the well before the city
Samuel Brosche, who first tasted
the water from this magic well, had
his gray hair turned to its former
The mayor, long a sufferer from
indigestion, is said to have been
cured by drinking the water. The
only man in town who does not ap
prove of the remarkable water is the
owner of the local thirst parlor, he
cause, he says, so much water is
being drunk no one has room for any
other kind of liquid.
Force of Habit Saves I.lfe of Man Con
LOS ANGELES, Cal., May 10.—
Habit saved George Lee, 45, recently
when he plotted against his life. He
placed the muzzle of a revolver in
his mouth, put his mind In order for
the end, and was pulling the trigger
when he heard some one call “Right!"
It was a word used more frequently
than any other in his work in a down
town grocery. There Lee was accus
tomed to carry packages across a long
room. Several persons were similarly j
occupied, and when they would meet
going in opposite directions, the one
with a load on his shouldeT would al
ways cry “Right!"
Prom habit Lee’s right hand start
ed to lift in signal, the finger released
the trigger, and the shell exploded,
but the minor twitch that had come
when he heard the word of warning
switched the aim so that the bullet
left a harmless wound in his cheek.
Where m Prison Is a School of Higher
Five miles out from the centre of
the city of Toklo, Japan, stands the
prison of Sugamo. Passing through
the eastern gateway one day eight
years ago I approached the prison
proper through a flower-laden gar
den. Cherry trees nodded In the
breeze, and I turned to take a last,
long look at the lovely sight before
the door closed behind me.
I might have saved that minute, for
the interior of Sugamo is as bright
and pleasant as one could wish. It
is more like a hospital than a prison.
Indeed, I have heard it said in Toklo
that the healthiest of the Japanese
are In prison. From my own knowl
edge I can say that it is one of the
peacefulest places I have ever visited.
There are accommodations for 2,800
prisoners In Sugamo. When a pris
oner arrives he Is asked If he speaks
any foreign language, and if he does
he is permitted to continue his studies.
If there are three or four who wish to
keep on with the same language1 a
teacher Is engaged to Instruct them.
Prisoners under twenty are Instruct
ed In reading, writing and arithmetic.
Older offenders who are there for the
first time are taught history and
Every Inmate is permitted to work
at his trade. If he has no trade he Is
taught one—the one that he chooses.
From his work he Is permitted to
keep one-half the proceeds, and the
other half is sent to his family. Many
prisoners earn enough to support
their families in the same style they
have enjoyed in happier times.
The only punishment for insubordi
nation is confinement in solitary
So excellent, indeed, is the life In
Sugamo that 60 per cent, of the pris
oners make it a point of returning
there after they are released. From
that viewpoint the Japanese system
of making life In prison pleasant, and |
a term In Sugamo a course of higher
education, might be accounted a
Dedicated to "Mothers’ Day.”
Thou art gone from our home, dear
In the grave lies thy form In decay.
And through life we shall ne’er find
Whom thy loss can to us e’er repay.
We shall cherish the words thou hast
Though thy voice we can never re
And remember each love-given token,
And thy love, which was dearer
But though with the dead thou art
And buried away from our view,
We are over thy memory weeping,
Blessed mother, who loved us so
Ah! then slumber, yes, quietly slum
In thy tomb with the lone silent
Whllo our tears sadly flow without
And moisten thy grass-covered bed.
O, fare thee well, mother; dear
How much we all miss thee no
tonguo can e’er tell;
But though thy loved visnge is gone
from our sight,
We feel thy blest presence by day
and by night.
By day and by night.
Though gone from our sight.
Thy spirit is o'er us to guide us
aright. E. Y. DAVIES.
"Robert," said his father, “I thought
I told you yesterday to clear up the
"Well, I did,” declared Bobby, virtu
ously. "I fired everything over tne
fence soon as I got home from school;
but the kid next door throwed ’em all
back after dark.”
How It Sounded.
Bacon—What Is your daughter do
ing at the piano?
Egbert—Sounds as If she was set
ting her class yell to music—Yonkers
“Any war experts in this com
munity?” asked the new arrival.
“No,” answered the native. “We’re
all tollerbul friendly hereabouts."—
"How was it Binks got Into such a
"Because he coo’. 1 his reports.”—
I Baltimore American.
When the Democratic presidential
convention at Chicago in 1884 was or
ganizing, I met Samuel J. Randall, of
Pennsylvania, who had been speaker
of the House of Representatives at
Washington and who was then a
member of the House. Mr. Randall
was aware that a considerable num
ber of delegates warmly favored him
for the presidency, but he had no
illusions about the possibility of his
When I met him he was resting in
a retired place at the rear of the read
ing-room of one of the large hotels
of Chicago. He greeted me cordially,
and seemed disposed to speak with
some freedom respecting the action of
He said: "Of coutue, it is gratify
ing to have friends who think so well
of you that they would be glad if
you were nominated for president.
The reasons, however, are many why
my nomination is impossible. I have
already discovered that some exceed
ingly shrewd political work has been !
done for the purpose of securing the
nomination of Grover Cleveland, of
New York, and I suppose the fact
that he w»« elected governor of New
York by a wonderful majority, adds
greatly to his availability. There is
no chance of carrying Pennsylvania
for a Democratic candidate for presi
dent, but I presume there is a very I
good chance that New York State.
would give a majority or at least a
plurality to the Democratic candi
Mr. Randall did not seem to be
very strong. His wonderfully bright
and large dark eyes revealed mental
vigor, but he seemed somewhat weary
physically. As I looed at him I re
called something that his warm
friend, Judge 'William D. Kelley, of
Pennsylvania, who was also a mem
ber of the House, and who, although
differing in politics with Mr. Randail, I
was not only a strong personal friend, !
but also a very great admirer of him,
said to me at the time John G. Car
lisle, of Kentucky, defeated Mr. Ran
dall for the nomination for the speak
Judge Kelley said: "There is no
man in the Democratic party better
qualified by experience and by ability
for the presidency than is my friend,
Sam Randall. He has been familiar
with almost all the legislation which
has been enacted since the Civil War.
I think that he has a better under
standing of the fundamental princi
ples of the Democratic party than
any member of that party in either
branch of Congress. Moreover, he is a
true Democrat in the social and per
sonal sense as well as in the partisan
meaning of that term.
"I suppose Randall is not worth
more than four or five thousand dol
lans. He has lived upon his salary.
He has had abundant opportunity to
accumulate a fortune, but he dis
dained every chance. I know that he
lost his speakership at the time Mr.
Kerr, of Indiana, was nominated be
cause he would not agree to name a
certain man whom powerful capital
wanted appointed to the chairman
ship of a certain committee. I know
that he would not accept a penny
from any of the protection leagues of
the United States for the purpose of
aiding his campaigns for election to
Congress, although he was and In a
protectionist in the sense that he
favors a revenue tariff with Inci
dental protection. He la a man of
I had heard at Chicago that if Mr.
Randall would consent to make a
certain bargain there would have
been brought to his support for the
presidential nomination a consider
able number of the delegates, but he
peremptorily refused to bargain for
(Copyright, 1915, by E. J. Edwards.
All rights reserved.)
Sackett Seconds Byrne’s Motion.
To th© Editor of the Evening: Star:
Looking over the Evening Star,
which I read with a mighty sight of
profit and pleasure every evening in
the week, I see that Commissioner
Henry Byrne, of Jersey City, thinks
it would be a good idea to throw away
all the laws on the statute books and
begin all over again with a new lot.
Commissioner Byrne has the right
idea about it. I had the honor to
suggest that very thing, in the cam
paign of 1918, as one of the planks of
a platform on which a man might
well seek the governorship. It Is
quite gratifying to find so distin
guished and forceful an advocate as
Mr. Bryne can be if he wants to of
this most needed reform. Now, if he
will only bend his fine energies to
doing the things that will help make
the idea materialise he will be doing
something really worth the while for
the people of the State.
The staute books of New Jersey
are a literal Jungle of absurdities,
contradictions, muddles and effete
ness. The "new” constitution—of 1844
—re-enacted a whole lot of antique
nonsense back into them. The legis
latures of the subsequent thirty years,
when special legislation ran riot,
planted an average of 1,000 more at
each annual 'sitting in them. Those
which have eat in the forty years since
have piled at the rate of about 8D0
more each year upon the dismal mass.
If you will figure that out foT yourself
you will see that, apart from the an
cient Blue Law system which the
constitution perpetuated, the legis
latures of the seventy years for which
we have been operating under our
present charter have simply buried
us under a mountain of statutory
Junk—at least 60,000 fragments In the
It would be an Intellectual impos
sibility for the good people of New
Jersey to keep track of the fifty thou
sand legislative mandates, even if
they made an intelligible and har
monious whole. How in heaven’s
name can they be expected to obey
them, if they could know them all,
when even the courts can't make head
or tail of them—when they clash and
Jangle and criss-cross, uppercut and
undercut, point this way, that way,
every way, no way: mean this thing,
that thing, the other thing, every
thing, nothing—a- hopelessly tangled
maze that even the judges cannot
pick their way through?
'All, even the shrewest of our
jurists, can do is to take little frag
ments here and there and try to fit
them to the varying conditions of the
times. You can set down the bump
tious fellow who sometimes resales
us with the grandiloquent plea.
"There’s the law, I must enforce It! ’
as either one grand old faker or one
bigger Jackass. He must know that
the chaos In our statutory museum
practically leaves us without any law:
or ignorantly mistakes the bits of it
that are nearest to him, or best meets
his views or serve his purposes for
the whole of the riotous outfit. A
governor, for Instance, would have us
all In the madhouse if in a moment
of over-zeal in his devotion to "the
law,” he were to set the fifty thou
sand wrigglers loose upon us. And
he’d probably go off his base himself
In the effort to get them all after us.
We have made dozens of efforts to
lick them into something like und*v
standable and congenial association,
but failed miserably every time.
Countless "codifications," attempted
anyhow only In patches, and costing,
then, thousands on thousands of dol
lars, have only made the confusion
worse confounded. And so New Jer
sey has been condemned to plod
along, like a modern Atlas, under the
awful load, with her nose to the road
of progress. It's time she shook the
Incubus, freed her limbs for nobler
effort and started out, like & new
State, for a new destiny with an en
tirely new outfit, up-to-date and fitted
to keep pace with the rapid move
ment of the age.
The only way for her to get In step
is to have an entirely new constitu
tion, without any re-enacting clause
in it, and an entirely fresh set of
laws. When she gets them she will
lead in the procession of common
wealths, and realize the quicker the
great future that is in store for her
With apologies for having consumed
so much of your valuable space,
WILLIAM E. SACKETT,
Newark, May 7.
Lies That Live
Somebody once said: "Tell a lie
often pnough and It will come to be
generally believed.” Many lies are
current whose falsity has been proved
over and over again, yet, apparently,
without the slightest effect. There
are, for example, the fictions told
about Voltaire and Thomas Paine on
their deathbeds. The lie which seemed
to have the most vitality, because
most Americans appear to believe It,
Is the story that they used to burn
witches In Massachusetts In the days
of the Puritans. If there has ever
been a month since our memory began
when we have not found somebody
referring to the burning of the witches,
It has quite passed from our recol
lection. This month a writer In The
Forum refers to those burnings, says
the Rochester Herald.
Now It Is perfectly true that the
Puritans of Massachusetts Bay were
quite equal to the task of burning
witches, and we have not much doubt
that they would have done so, If they
had not been a thrifty lot who pre
ferred to use the wood of the Massa
chusetts forests to build their habita
tions and to cook their meals to burn
ing witches with It. The PurltAns
of Massachusetts had a great horror
of witches, and they put quite a num- 1
ber of them to death, but the agency
employed to kill tljiem was not burn
ing, but hanging. Not a witch was
ever burned in Massachusetts, for
hanging was thought to be a punish
ment that fitted the crime.
We have often asked: Why does
this lie persist? And the only con
clusion that we have ever been able
to reach is that people want to be
lieve that witches were burned there.
There are lies that certain people like
to believe. They like to believe that
Voltaire shrieked pitifully upon his
deathbed, for example. They like to
be able to say "See what atheism
brings a man to.” These people do
not know that Voltaire wae never an
atheist, but that he lived and died a
deist. They do not know that Voltaire
—an old man of 84—overtasked his
strength when he entered Pnwls after
his long exile, when the whole city
turned out to greet him and gave him
a grand welcome. They do not know
that almost the laRt words uttered
by his lips were: "I die worshipping
God, loving my friends, not hating
my enemies, but detesting all super
stition.” There weTo many atheiBta
in Voltaire’s day, and the greatest of
them all was Diderot, of whom none
of those horrible deathbed stories was
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