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CHURCH WORSHIP AND WORK m LITERARY COMMENT
Sermon Subjects For Tomorrow in Churches of City Union Services for Several Congregations—To Preach on China in Old First. Union services will be held in a IVJrn*3er of the churches throughout the city tomorrow. Some of the pul pits will be occupied by out-of-town ministers. The services in the churches will be: In the First Baptist Peddle Me morial Church, Broad and Fulton streets, Rev. Dr. H. J. Vohburgh, of Camden, will preach morning and evening. Morning worship 11:00; sub ject, 'The Stigmata.” Evening wor ship, 7:30; subject. "The Central Truth of Christianity.” Everyone is cordially Invited. At the Elizabeth Avenue Baptist Church, Elizabeth and Lyons avenues, Rev, Alexander MacGeorge, of the First Baptist Church, Harrison, will preach at both morning and evening services. Regular Bible class on Thursday evening at 8 o’clock. Baptist At the South Baptist Church Rev. E. C. Carder, of Cuba, N. Y„ will preach in the morning. Christian Science First and Second Churches of Christ, Scientist—Subject, “Mind;" Golden Text; I. Corinthians 11., 16, "Who hath known the mind of the Lord that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ." Responsive reading: Psalms 119, 89-94, 97, 9S, 101-103, 111, 112. 117. Cutheran "Lift Up Your Eyes" will he the eerinon subject of Rev. W. H. W. Reimer, pastor of Trinity Lutheran Church, at the service tomorrow morning. Ittetbodist episcopal At the Roseville Methodist Epis copal Church, Orange street and Bathgate place, the seitnon at the morning service will be preached by Wofford C. Timmons, assistant min ister. topic, "The Healing of Hu manity." At the 7:45 p. m. union evangelistic service will be held at the Roseville Garden. Tn the Centenary Methodist Epis copal Church the pastor. Rev. Ralph B. Brmy, D. D., will preach at 11:00 a. m. and 7:45 p. m. At the evening service the soloist will be Mrs. Mollis Chapin Ely, contralto. prcsboterian The Rev. Alexander Alison, D. D., recently pastor of the First Presby terian Church of Seattle, Wash., the membership of which Is almost 6,000, will occupy the pulpit of the Rose ville Presbyterian Church, Roseville avenue and Sussex avenue, on Sab bath morning at 11 o’clock. He will also preach at the union open-air services at 7:45 p. m. in the Roseville Garden, Orange and Sixth streets. Both services in the "Old First” Church tomorrow will be conducted by Rev: Charles A. Killle, D. D., of China. He will take as his morning subject "Twenty-five Years in China: Some Transformations I Have Seen.” There are few who can speak of Chi nese affairs, religious, diplomatic and social, with the authority gained from actual personal experience in that country during the thrilling times of the Boxer rising and the several grave political crises which ] have since arisen. In the evening he, will preach on "The Supply of All I Our Needs and How to Get It.’ The adult Bible class will be led by Mr. Robert S. Douglas at 4 o’clock in! the lecture room. Rev. .1. Woodman Babbitt, of New- j burgh, N. Y., will return to his home church, the "Old First," on Tuesday! evening, to conduct the prayer meet ing at 8 o’clock. He will give a ] short address on "Learning to Shut j the Door,” Matt, vl., 6. The music tomorrow will be as fol lows: Morning service: Organ pre- ! lu,<Ys, "Prelude Solennol," Barnes; anthem. "Jerusaem," Parker: offer tory, organ solo, air “Du Nord,”; Wolstenholme, and organ postlude,1 Sortie in D minor, Rogers. Evening service: Organ prelude, "Evensong," .i,,unston; anthem. "Hark, Hark, My Soul,” Shelley: offertory, organ solo, "La Derniere Sommeille de la Yierge,” Massenet, and organ post lude, March from Suite, Rogers. Charles Deinlnger will preach In South Park Memorial Chapel at 8 o'clock Sunday evening. August 22. Christian Endeavor and Junior Christian Endeavor meeting at 7:15 p. m. RELIGIOUS NOTICES. BAPTIST. SOUTH BAPTIST CHURCH, East Kinney I street. near Broad—Rev. Clark T. Brownell, ! pastor. Morning worehlp. 11 o’clock: preach- , jog by Rev. E. C. Carder, of Cuba. N. Y. | All invited. No evening service. ELIZABETH AVENUE BAPTIST CHURCH. Elisabeth end Lyone avenues— Rev George McNeely. The church where the Bible is taught every Sunday ill the year. Rev. Alexander MacGeorge, or the First Baptist Church. Harrison. N. J.. will preach morning and evening Morning ser vice, It o'clock; evening. 8 o'clock. Thurs day evening at 8 o'clock, Bible study, prayer anil praise service. All seate are free and strangers are cordially Invited to worship with us. Main lin# and Clifton cars direct to the door. METHODIST EPISCOPAL. R03EVILLE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH, Orange street and Bathgate place —Dorr Frank Dlefendorf. minister. «:30 a. m., Sunday school; 10:30 a. m., morning worship and sermon by Wofford C. Tim mons, aesletant minister; 7:45 p. in., union evangelistic servlcea at the Roseville Gar den. Midweek prayer service Tuesday, 8 p. m. All seats are free and strangers are cordially invited to worship with us. ST LUKE'S METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. Clinton avenue and Murray street _Rev. James H. MacDonald, pastor. The Clinton Avenue Baptist Church Joins In wor ship in 10:45 a. m. and 7:45 p. m. In the morning the pastor will preach on "Chris tian Liberty" and In the evening will preach the third of the evangelistic sermons on the subject of "Tho Cowardice of a Guilty Con science." PRESBYTERIAN. THE OLD FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, Broad street, one block south of MarKet—Strangers welcome at all services. All departments of the Sunday school at 9:30 ii. m., excepting the adult Bible class at 4. Morning service at 10:49, sermon by Rev. Charles A. Klllle, D. D., of China; subject. "Twenty-five Years In China; Some Transformations I Have 8een.” Evening wor ship. 7:45; address by Dr. Charles A. Klllle; topi*. "The Supply of All Our Needs and How to Get It. Tuesday evening prayer meeting, 8; address by Rev. J. Woodman Babbitt, of Newburgh, N. Y., subject, "Iveurning to Shut the Door.” REV. JAMES HARDIN SMITH, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Rushville, 111., will preach in the Third Presbyterian Church, North, on Sunday. Mr. Smith is a southerner by birth and with all the force of southern eloquence. He Is one of the Chautauqua lecturers and is said to be a very attractive and convincing preacher. THIRD PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, new building, corner Abington avenue and Ridge atp-et—Morning service at 11 o'clock; preach ing by Rev. James Hardin Smith, of Rush ville, 111 REFORMED. NORTH REFORMED CHURCH—Rev. g D. Chambers, assistant minister, will preach both morning and evening. Morning subject. "The Expulsion of Phobos;" evening subject, "An Excited Jailer's Question." Evening service begin* at ?;4§. Strangers cordially welcome. Where Ruthenlan Catholics Will hold pilgrimage and head of Rite in United States J The Continental Army iCoad leading to Liberty Corner ", over which the piltfruns will march. ■ ' Site where altar mil Stand on Summit of hit/, or Calvaria* MAN’S INTUITIVE RECOGNITION OF GREATER POWER OF GOD Human Relationship to Nature’s Laws and Forces—Possibil ities of the Collective Mind of Man. AH men recognize intuitively a | power higher than man himself, but all men do not agree In calling this greater power God, in tho meaning of a personal Being, who directly of His own will and for His own ends, orders the affairs of the universe. Some may have the opinion of Her bert Spencer and spenk of the '‘Un knowable;" others may join with Matthew' Arnold and refer to “tho Power that makes for righteousness;" or others may conceive of their God as a mightly exaggerated man, see ing, feeling, tasting, walking, just as a man does, it does not seem easy to provide for the masses of men a bet ter conception of God than tho an thropomorphic one, that He resembles a human being, only greater and per fect. Many men of education still hold to this conception, or, if preach ers, persistently use terms that con vey this conception. It seems difficult to think of God in purely spiritual terms. Yet it is repeatedly declared by Christ that He is spirit. Springing from this an thropomorphic idea of God is the ex pectation that God must do anything that at any time may be desired of Him on the initiative and Judgment of the expectant one himself, or else there is disappointment and disbelief if any expectation of any sort fails. The idea that God must submit to human Judgment and hasten to Com ply when a request is made, is the belief of many, indeed of the greater part of Christian people. There seems to be some ground of reason for this belief, not that God must necessarily yield to every human want or judgment, but that He will satisfy any worthy aeslre. If a man has an aspiration toward a noble and worthy end, It seems reasonable to believe that He will satisfy a just, legitimate, spiritual longing. But. when the desire for tho action of God’s power is conlined to the mate rial realm there are likely to be many disappointments, if the idea is held that God acts contrary to His own laws. In frequent experiences with nature's forces situations urise that instil fear and a doubt of Uod's good ness, though they may be situations which man may himself have pre vented. in the past, and to some ex tent still, it has usually been easier to teach and believe that by some de structive catastrophe God is visiting a people with punishment, when It is the people themselves who have paved the way for the catastrophe by failure to take forethought and be alert in planning and action for the prevention of the catastrophe The destructive floods not long ago In Ohio taught a special lesson in this matter. The wanton cutting away of forests at the head waters and along tho streams bring in time the results of human folly. Already reforestation is regarded by the government as a method for preventing more like catastrophes. A comprehensive plan for the control of floods is being worked ut. It seems unfair for any, however religious, to charge such a disaster to the "Inscrutable mystery of God." be maintained that He should pre vent the operation of natural forces when they bring destruction. God will be as good as men want Him to be. When human life measures up to a higher standard of goodness men will see God advancing befora them in His leadership in goodness and away from what seems evil. As a matter of conception today God does not do things contrary to law. Earthquakes and the like are the effectp of some cause and come about according to law, the knowl edge of which man may yet attain in such wise to control such phe nomena. Nature, Indeed, seems piti less, with her unchanging laws, per sistent forces, unvarying order of cause and effect; but it has been de clared that man shall have dominion. The laws he may know, the forces he may direct and make to serve him. Change That Has Come. Half a century ago scientists de clared that theology was cruel when it taught the doctrines of election, original sin, or vicarious suffering of one. But thinking has changed and science has given a teaching that makes the theology of fifty or more years ago seem mild. “Election" is now called the "selection of the fit test;" “original sin" has given way to “heredity;" the suffering of one is the ; suffering of all; what were regarded as stern truths of religion are now put forth under a different nomen clature as the discovery of science. Everything proceeds according to un alterable laws over which man has no power. The great names of a cen tury ago, as Butler, Edwards, Chal mers and the like, in theology have been displaced hy Huxley, Tyndall, Darwin and Spencer, in science. For some time these names have not had their accustomed influence. The new idealism is displacing the essential materialistic character of their teach ing. A reaction Is steadily taking place. The representative scientists like Sir Oliver Dodge and the late Dord Kel vin are coining to the conclusion that matter is not industruetable, and that beyond matter is a realm for the in vestigator that will richly reward him. The world of spiritual forces is the one that has the surest promise of certainty and stability. On the other hand, men are not submitting gracefully to the idea that they are helpless creatures in the sweep of natural forces. It is coming to be believed by increasing numbers that the mind of man, tho collective mind, can accomplish what it will in the realm of nature and in its conquest over material things. It was given to man to subduo the earth. It is this idea that animates socialism, that man collectively can change his eco nomic environment and organize so ciety rationally and economically, and in the larger moral interests of all notwithstanding Malthns's and Ri cardo’s prophecies of the unrelenting character of economic laws. A Natural Question. The question naturally Is asked, “Why does God permit earthquakes, cyclones and the like? Is He good If He willingly allows human beings to be destroyed by. such catastrophes?" Tills Is a great and perplexing ques tion which involves much that is yet to be learned. It may be observed that men permit one another to be destroyed and even deliberately set about destroying each other by wars skilfully planned, by unsanitary con ditions In populous centers, where dis ease does its deadly work; by wilful neglect and In other ways. It may be assumed that God will be to men what men themselves are. Among all people It has been the fact that men tend to become very much In quality like the gods they worship In pagan Rome and so called heathen countries the gods have been clothed with the attributes and powers which men have chosen to give them or believe the gods possess. If under the Christian sys tem men have accustomed them selves to think of God as creating good and evil, as taking pleasure In wars and even ordering battles or as one who visits sorrow and death on men, It cannot »'1U» good grace The weakness of much of the so ciological teaching of Herbert Spen cer was the failure to allow for the play of the human mind, the moat powerful factor of all. Against this is set the late Professor Lester F. Ward’s "Phychlc Factors" and works of like sort, coming yearly from the press. This is an age ap parently second only to that of the renaissance in its awakening all along the line. A movement that is in keep ing with the trend of things is called "The New Thought," which is In nu merous places gathering its adher ents, and demonstrating the power of mind to bring things to pass. It is maintained that the collective mind of man by training the though* to dwell on the goodness In the world, and by insisting that God is good can pro duce a state in which that which is good and desirable will dominate and that which is called evil becomes as nothing. This movement is, there fore, in keeping with science in deny ing the duality of the origin of all | things and lnsemphasizing unity. Natural Inference. In order to escape making the charge that God creates evil, which seems inconsistent with His character as good, it has been necessary to as sume another spirit, a bad one, who Is responsible for evil. This is a primitive and natural Inference and has been the idea or aboriginals. It seems to be satisfactory to some minds. But the question arises: "Are evils, whether earthquakes or sick ness, cyclones or Borrow, temporary or everlasting?’1 The Apostle Paul asserts that it is the business of the enlightened to overcome evil with good, w'hich would indicate the evanescent and temporary character of evil and the eternal quality of good. The same writer declares that “all things work together for good. ’ Not alone may this idea be seen in the moral life, but in nature's work also. "He maketh His sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the Just and on the unjust.” In one place the falling rain may be regarded as harmful, while elsewhere it brings refreshment to parched fields. A thunderstorm cap I sizes a boat on the lake, but it clears the atmosphere and cools the air for i thousands of sickrooms. | There is some great purpose run i ning through all that transpires and | affects human life. To endeavor to . know (he purpose and to work in \ harmony with it is the business of I men. If once the collective mind of man attains this viewpoint, who wili see anywhere evil? As “a man thinketh in his heart, so is he," If the collective spirit of man were to enlarge its vision and were to see the grander purposes of the universal processes; if it were . to see everywhere the good and real- i Ize that the power that conquers is the power of good, might not man i bring to pass on earth what he will? , May it not be possible by means of i the larger enlightenment and knowl- 1 edge of the law of the life more j abundant to subdue even earthquakes and cyclones? What are in this stage of human ( progress called evils often impel men j to seek the good, but unfortunately, | too, many become good for too short j a time. It is not enough, for example, i for men to pray on every street cor- J ner when disaster comes to a city in ! an earthquake or in fire or war, so soon forgotten when material restor ation has como. To "pray without ceasing,” to cultivate the attitude of prayer, to open the soul to the possi bilities and powers of the good In the universe; this should be the aim of the collective mind. It is main tained by some that if It becomes a habit of mind to think of evil as In evitable and that men are subject unalterably to an undesirable envir onment, such attitude invites evil. Men will receive what they look for. Given Outward Expression. There is much of this philosophy about, and it is even asserted that nature's moods may be controlled by the collective mind of man. When the mental and moral states of hu man society are In a feverish and tumultuous condition, nature seems to behave badly, and in sympathy be comes violent and seemingly unmoral, frequently anticipating unrest and revolutionary changes in human so ciety. Tills has more than once been the correspondence in the past. In company with the 1R12 war in this country and the European wars of the same period, earthquakes shook all North America and in other places. Othor interesting agitations of Mother Eartli over the wayward ness of her children can be cited. When Christ was on the cross, the anxiety and anguish of his spirit were given outward expression by the darkness and the earthquake of those hours, as though nature were sympathizing with the mental and spiritual struggle through which He was passing. At the present time the race is In an extensive condition of unrest in things industrial, polit ical, normal and spiritual. There is a feeling of impending revolution or change to a different aiul higher bash' of life. If then, as the thought of many, the collective mind of man can bo brought to think of “whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are Just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, what soever things are of good report,” such a power of control is attained, with peace and order in conformity with the "Power making for right eousness," that even nature will cease to show a rebellious disposition. CIjKRICUS. Enjoys “K" A book buyer from a large New York store writes to Houghton -Mifflin Company: “At three o'clock a. m. I finished 'K' —Imagine a book buyer of mental dyspepsia and over jaded literary taste to be kept up by a novel until S a. m. In Mrs. Rlne I I hart’s books you have a story of un usual charm, sweet, clean, absorbing, anti thoroughly delightful. Germany Denounced For Present War By German Author Denunciations of Germany ns the arch-culprit responsible for the pres ent war in Europe have been plenti ful during the last ten months, but all, or practically all of them, have been uttered by natives of the coun tries arrayed In arms against Ger many, or of neutral lands. Now, however, comes another denunciation, one of the frankest, bitterest and ] most unsparingly anti-German of the j lot, which has the rare distinction of i being written by a German. 1 It is callod "J’Accuse"—the famous phrase used by Emile Zola in the Dreyfus case -and it has just made I its appearance In Lausanne, .Switzer land, whither its author went in order ; to make possible the publication of ills book (which is to be published in ' America by George II. Doran Com-,1 pany). His Identity remains hidden.] "By a German" is the only clue given ] on the title page of this most sensa- j tlonal of all attacks on the policy of the German war party. He predicts defeat for that party in the present war, and a German republic In the near future, won by the people In the teeth of Prussian opposition. The author, who appears to be a man of education and culture and is gifted with a literary stylo of un common vehemence, brushes aside with contempt all the arguments ad vanced to justify Germany’s stand In the present war. He denies that site j Is the victim of aggression, thnt she needs "a placet In the sun," which, says he, she already possesses. The German and Austro - Hungarian peoples, he thinks, are dupes of a war party, pure and simple. *- - ■■ - —--— The Lovable Meddler The Reilly & Britton Company, of Chicago, has Just published an other novel by Leona Dairy mple, of Passaic, N. J., "The Lovable Med dler." Miss Dalrymple was the au thor of the $10,0(10 prize novel, "Diane of the Green Van." BOOKS RECEIVED "Blood and Iron,” by John Hubert Greusei, The Shakespeare Press, pub lishers, $1.50 net. "The Song of the Scarlet Host," Joseph Bernard Rothy; Smith Sr Hale, publishers. "The Llfp of Earle Williams,” Oren Clayton Reel; Shakespeare Press, publishers; $1.25 net. "Newark, the City of Industry," Newark Board of Trade., “The Voter In Command," J. Al bert Stowe; the Upward Society, publishers. Book of Common Verse, Albert L. Berry; A. C. McClure & Co., pub lishers. "How to Become a Naturalized Citi zen,” Frank Voight and Wellington E- Barto; Boyer Brothers, publishers. "An Egyptian Love Spell." Marls Herrington Billings; the Central Pub lishing Company, publishers; 50c. net. “The Lovable Meddler," Leona Dal rymple; The Reilly & Britton Com pany, publishers; $1.35 not. FAITH IN GOD If you ever feel downhearted or discouraged. If you ever think your work j Is all in vain, If the burdens thrust upon you make your tremble, And you fear that you shall ne'er the victory gain; Have faith in God, the sun will shine, Tho' dark the clouds may be today. His heart hath planned your path and mine, Have faith In God, have faith alway. —May Agnew Stephens. RUTHENIAN GREEK CATHOLICS TO HOLD PILGRIMAGE AUG. 29 Will Observe Feast of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary With Service in Watchung Mountains. RUTHENIAN Catholics throughout this section are completing arrange ments for a pilgrimage on August 29 to Clarivaux Manor, Bernards I township, Somerset county, situated in the Watchung mountains. This date, in their old style calendar, is a Sunday within the octave of the feast I of the assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, a religious holy day of obli i gation. % The congregation ot St. John the Baptist, the Ruthenian Greek Cath olic Church, of this city, numbering about 3,500, will go on tho pilgrimage. They will probably assemble at tho church, located in Court street, near Belmont avenue, and march to the Lackawanna station. The pilgrims will be in charge of Rev, Peter Poniatlshin, pastor of the church. Bishop oryntynsky, D. D., who is head of the Greek rite of the Roman Catholic Chy reh in the United Stutes, may take part in the pilgrimage, lie is the first Ruthenian Catholic bishop appointed for the United States. His appointment was made by the late Pope Pius X., and he exercises spirit ual jurisdiction over a flock scat tered throughout the eastern part of the United States and estimated at about 600,000 souls, a diocese numer ically as strong as tho Newark diocese, presided over by Bishop O'Connor. f'oliNei-rutrd at I,embers. lie was consecrated at Lemberg, in Galicia, Austria, on May 12, 1907. The consecrating prelate on that occasion was ills grace, Archbishop Andrew Hzeptlteky, Greek metropolitan of Lemberg, who is now hold a prisoner of war in Russia. Archbishop Szeptitsky was assisted by the Latin Roman Catholic Archbishop of Lem berg in this sacred function. Upon his arrival in the United States, Bishop Ortynsky took up His residence in Philadelphia, where he has since maintained it. A recent papal brief has granted him permis sion to change his plaeo of residence to New York city, which change may hr made very shortly. Since May 29, 1913, Bishop Ortynsky has exercised independent plenary Jurisdiction over the Catholic faithful of his Ruthenian Greek rite, and is no longer required to obtain dele gated jurisdiction from the Latin Ordinaries In whose dioceses his poo ple may dwell. The Holy See re quires him to preserve tho purity and integrity of the Greek Catholic rite, and his people are not permitted to pass over to tlie Latin or Homan rite The late Pope Leo XIII. by a bull, forbado Latin priests or mission aries from taking Catholics of these oriental rites over to the Latin rite, under penalty of suspension. There are about 225 churches In the Ruthenian Greek Catholic diocese and about 170 priests. VLIted Pope In 11)14. Bishop Orlynsky made Ids visit ad limina apostolorum to the late Pope Pius X. in 1314 and escaped from Lemberg just iis I ho Austrian troops were being mobilized for the war. Ho left with the Austrian troops in cognito and traveled to the Italian frontier. At Trieste he escaped and sailed for home on the Principe do Udine on August 12, 1914. The proceeds or profits of the pil grimage nnd excursion to Lyons Sta tion, on the Lackawanna railroad, will he devoted to the relief of the Galician war sufferers This pilgrim age is an unique event, being the first of its kind in this country, although pilgrimages to famous shrines and sanctuaries arc a part of the custom ary religious life of the Ruthenlans In their home country. Siilemn Hlich Mm*. A solemn high mass, with all the majestic, pomp and ceremony of the Oriental ritual, will he celebrated at 11 a. m. on the summit of one of the Watchung hills, which serve as the calvaria. Intercessory prayers for peace among the warring nations will be chanted, the responses to the long Greek ektene being sung by the whole assemblage In the open air. Then later in the afternoon vespers, or Hesperlnos, will be s’-ng and Mak ers for the repose «f tha lords of those who fell In kite girnt war, re cited. The specie,' Pali will leave New ark, Broad ktrkst station of the Lack awanna sud Sunday morning, Au gust shortly after 9 o’clock, reach ing Lyons about 10:30 a. in. Many catholics of the Latin rite, Including V--: .some- clergymen, expect to partici pate in the pilgrimage. Clairvaux Manor Is about one and a third miles from Lyons Stulion, nestling among the Watchung Hills on the old Continental Army road, which runs from Liberty Corner to Hashing Midge Iti Bernards township, Somerset county. It consists of sev eral hundred acres of hilly, rolling country, lying in the picturesque Passaic Valley, partly wooded, and watered by a perennial stream which flows through the entires domain, (known as Harrison's .Brook. Situated as it is In Bernards Town ship, it is not inaptly called Clalr vaux, after the famous site selected by the great medieval doctor of the Church, St. Bernard, for his celebrated abbey, whence lie became known os the Abbot of Clairvaux, so that the appellation Itself has a distinctly me dieval and monastic suggestion. To March to Clairvaux. The procession of the Ruthenian pilgrims will wind Its way from the Lynns station of the Lackawanna railroad over the hills to Clairvaux, which has been the country home of Mr. and Mrs. William J. Kearns and their family for nearly a decade of years past. Along the Bernards township thoroughfare these pil gflms will sing their hymns and can ticles as they formerly sang them In their homo land The disciplinary usages of these people differ in many respects from those of the Western Church. For Instance, their custom with respect to fasting. They have Just now en tered upon a period of fasting pre ceding their feast of the Assump tion which resembles the lenten feast of the Latins. Their Assumption, which falls thirteen days later than that of the Latin church, is neverthe less reckoned us August 15th accord ing to the old Julian calendar, but according to our Gregorian Western calendar It. Is August 118th. The Ro man see will not permit the Ruthe nians to change their ancient cus toms, even requiring them to use the ordinary leavened bread, instead of the, unleavened wafers or hosts, In the sacrifice of the mass. t'nder one of the recent decrees, however, of the late holy father, Plus X., regarding frequent commun ion, Ruthenian Catholics, or Catho lics of any of the oriental rites, aro permitted to receive holy commun ion by way of devotion In the churches of the Latins and under the Latin form, except as a compliance with the paschal obligation or as the viaticum when dying. In fact, the holy father's decree, in furtherance of his desire to spread the practice of frequent communion among Cath olics, ordains that Catholics of any rite may, through devotion, receive holy communion in the churches and under tlie form of any other Catholic rite, except by way of viaticum or In performance of the Easter precept, and then such Catholics must com municate in their own proper rite, If possible. Assist In Latin Services. Because of the dearth of Greek Catholic priests in this country many Catholics of the Ruthenlan Greek rite assist at muss and receive the sacra ments at the hands of Latin priests, hut this does not mean that they have passed over to tlie Latin rite. In the Catholic churches in Bernards ville and Basking Ridge, in the same township of Bernards, there may be found Sunday after Sunday many Catholics of the Ruthenlan Greek rite worshiping with their Latin brethren with whom they agree in all things esmn*lal, holding the same faith and £.>ctrine. although differing in their ritualistic practices when in their own proper church or in a church of their own rite. So, If Latin Catholics should find themselves in a country where only the oriental liturgy was used, they would be hound to assist at or hear their mass of obligation on Sundays In the oriental or Greek rite, and thus comply with the church's precept as ■------ 21 Louvain Library Burned by Teutons Year Ago, Aug. 25 Priceless Literary Works De stroyed When University Was Given to Flames. The first anniversary of the destrue tion of the great and beautiful library of the University of Louvain will oc cur next Wednesday, August 26. Per- ? haps no single happening of the war so shocked and Incensed the lovers ' of books as the destruction of this Invaluable collection of manuscripts and pamphlets. The Ubrary building was an architectural gem. It was known as the Halles Universitalres. The old hall was begun in 1317, and it was added to through succeeding centuries without destroying its archi- < tectural symmetry. It had many beautiful and historic rooms, the ; finest of which was built in 1723. This room was 185 feet long, forty-three wide and thirty-fiv* high. Oak wains coting of exquisite workmanship cov-1 ered the walls. Around the hall in pilastered recesses were life-sized statues of the most celebrated writers and thinkers of bygone days. Other halls were almost as large and quite as beautiful, one of them containing ono of the finest collections of por traits In the world. Its priceless books and manuscript* gave the library it* chief interest. It contained nearly 800,000 printed volumes, made up of many special collections of great historic value. The manuscripts were especially rare, and the letters of the Reformers were of Incalculable interest. German work men had Installed magnificent metal bookcases with movable shelves just two years before the German soldier* burned the building. August 25, 1914, will long be remembered by the schol ars of the world. The town of Louvain had been peacefully occupied by the German troops for eight days. The residents of the town were prisoners in their homes after 7 o'clock on the evening of August. 25. That night the great and wonderful building, with It* priceless content*, was burned to th* ground. Tent Meetings in Roseville Section Growing Popular Congregations Crowing Night ly—Sermon Subjects for Coming Week. The evangellstlo meetings in the Roseville section of the city In th« tent located on Fifteenth street and Central avenue have had the best week of the campaign. The attend ance has been the largest and the In terest deepens. The following program Is announced for the coming week: Rev. W. W. Newberry will preach Sunday, Tues day, Wednesday and Thursday nights. Hts subjects are: Sunday night, "The Gospel, Its Scope and Power;” Tues day night, "The Antl-Chrlstf” Wed nesday night, "The Cost of Power,” and Thursday night, "Can I Know That I Am Saved? If So, How?” Rev. George .McNeely will speak on Friday and Saturday evenings. The meeting on Saturday night is especially In the interest of young people, and they are cordially Invited and requested to bring a friend with them. Mrs. Jones, of Philadelphia, who has sung with such acceptance sev eral nights during the week, will sing again on Sunday night. fully and satisfactorily as If they had heard or assisted at their own Latin mass. The liturgical tongue of the Ruthentans Is not Greek, although they are of the Greek rite and dis cipline, but old Slavonic, written In Cyrillic charaoters. The alphabet was Invented by St. Cyril, one of their apostles, who, with his brother, St. Methodius, having converted the Bul garians. Ruthenians, Moravians and other pagan Slavic tribes in the ninth century, translated the liturgy from the ancient Greek language Into Slavonic, and this translation was approved by Pope John VIII. at Rome in 879. Sts. Cyril and Methodius were Greek Catholic bishops like Bishop Ortynaky and wore the same oriental style of vestments which he now wears when celebrating mass. Pope Leo XIII. directed their feast to be observed with mass and office an nually by the Universal Church on the 5th of July In each year. Hungarians in Latin Kite. Tn the Bernardsville district some of the Hungarians, who are not strict ly Magyars, for the real Hungarians or Magyars are of the Latin rite be long to the Ruthenlan Greek rite, for their ancestors were Ruthenians, or of the Ukrainian nation. In the king dom of Hungary itself there are about 1,600,000 of these Ruthenians. whose forbears came from the Ukrain. These Hungarians have still retained a sufficient knowledge of the old Slavonic liturgy to enable them to take thoir part in the celebration of the mass. These people generally know the responses of the liturgy by heart, and often sing them without the choir. The Greek Catholics sing without Instrumental accompaniment. Organs, or instrumental music, are not used in their churches. When the great schism between the east and the west occurred, all the eastern or Greek part of the church did not leave Catholic unity, and these Greek Catholics who never sep arated from unity represent today the Catholic church of the east, united with the west, as it stood before the great schism. Greek indicates their rite; Catholic fully expresses their faith. They are Catholics in faith and unity with their brethren throughout the wortd and are sub ject to the pope of Rome as vicar of Christ and head of the church upon earth; out they still follow their own peculiar forms of worship, rites and ceremonies, just as they used to do before there was ever any thought of disruption or separation of the churches. It was intended at first to hold the pilgrimage on Saturday, August 28, but it was decided that a greater number could attend if it waa held on the Sabbath. New Poems A new volume of poems, "Rivers to the Sea," by Sara Teasdale, will be published In September by th«i Macmillan Company, of New York and London. This Is Miss Teasdale'-i third book, her “Helen of Troy and Other Poems" having appeared four years ago. The volume will unfold: an interesting romance. Most of the poems have appeared in the leadliu. magazines and have been translated Into German by Rudolf Rioder. They: will be published In Munich at the close of the war.