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THE BAKRE DAILY TIMES, I3AIUIE. VT., THURSDAY, JANUARY 20, 1921.
3 Complete February List Now on. Sale Song Hits Margie I'm a Lonesome Little Rain Drop from Oreenivtc A Ullage tolliet of 1920 Frank CrumitJ Frank Crumit A 3332 Broadway Rose. Peerless Quartette Mother' Lullaby Sterling Trio Ere Coat Adam Just One Bone Bert Williams' You'll Never Need a Doctor No More Bert Williams I've Got the Bluet for My Kentucky Home From Ziegfeld FtJits of 1920 Van and Schenck Marimba Fom Ziegfeld Folliei of 1920 Van and Schenck J I'm m Jait Vampire Marion Harris NeverLefNoOneMan Worry YourMind Marion Harris At the Circua Laughing Song Weston and Young Laugh with Me Laughing Song Weiton and Young Silver Threads Among the Gold Oscar Seagle Love's Old Sveet Song Oscar Seagle A-3333 ' $1.00 A- 3339 $1.00 A-3338 $1.00 A-3328 ' $1.00 A-3338 $1.00 A-3327 $1.00 II m I Dance Music 1a-33 J $1.0 3334 00 A-3329 $1.00 Darling Medley Fox-trot Art Hickman's Orchestra Missy Medley Fox-trot Art Hickman's Orchestra Th-ed of Me Fox-trot Ted Lewis Tan Band That Riga-Lif a-Lee Fox-trot Ted Lewis J azx Band Just Snap Your Finger at Care Fox-trot From Greenwich Village Follies of 1920 Columbia Saxophone Sextette Oh, My Goodne! Fox-trot Columbia Saxophone Sextette. You're Just Like a Rose Medley Fox-trot . Dolly, I Love You Medley Fox-trot The Happy Six 100 Nightingale Medley Fox-trot Hickman Trio i ,,- iol 1-00 A-3337 $1.00 3330 Sweet Little Stranger Medley Fox-trot Hickman Trio Beautiful Annabell Lee Medley Walts . Prince's Dance Orchestra il Pussy Willow Waltzes Prince's Dance Orchestra J Spring Flowers Waltz Royal Serbian Tambouritza Orchestra ?E-4624 Quiet Night Waltz f $1.00 Royal Serbian Tambouritza Orchestra J Opera and Concert Tales of Hoffmann, Doll Song Lucy Gates A Geisha' Life Lucy Gates Carnevale di Venezia Florence Macbeth Linda di Chamounix, O luce di quest' anima Florence Macbeth Lucia di Lammermoor, Verranno a te sull' aura ( Maria Barrientos and Charles Hackett A. 3326 $1.00 A-6173 $1.50 49766 $2.00 Instrumental Music 111 Zapateado (Spanish Dance) Kerekjarto Romania Andaluza Kerekjarto Scheherazade (First Movement) Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra Scheherazade (Third Kfovement) Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra Fantaisie Impromptu (Chopin) Josef Hofmann The Rustling of the Woods (Lisst) Josef Hofmann Nocturne in E Flat (Chopin) Pablo Casals j Anchor A weigh U. S. Naval Academy Band March of the Middies U. S. Naval Academy Band J 79456 $1.00 49900 $1.50 A-6172 $1.50 A-6174, $1.50 49S20 $130 A-3331 $1.00 Stmndmrd AfndWa p to fJOO Pmnod ZVwrfna mp to $1100 New Proeeu Columbia Recordt. Indixidually in tpected, durable, delightful, dependable, accurate in fvery detail. New CmtmmUm it Smh mt mil Colwnbim DaWr thm 10th mnd 30th Lvmry Mamth COLUMBIA GRAPHOPHONE COMPANY, Nrw York . COURT POWERS For the Vermont Public Service Commission, of Which He Is Chairman SEPT. ELECTIONS ALSQ CONSIDERED Vli 1 lUll Ul lUoJilJ Home-made, bat Has No f Equal for Coughs J Mnliea a family siipplr of really () () Httilnlil MBrh nilloln H... VS i'i lly prepared, and save about Si. M If you .have a severe cough or chest cold accompanied with soreness, throat tickle, hoarseness, or dillicult breathing, or if your child wakes up during the night with croup and you want quick help, try this reliable old home-made cough remedy. Any drug gist can supply you with 2'i ounces of Pinex. Pour this into a pint bnttlo and nil the bottle with plain granu lated sugar syrup. Or you can use clarified moliisaes, honey, or corn syrup, instead of siignr syrup, if desired. This recipe makes li pint of really remarkable cough remedy. Jt tastes good, and in spite of its low cost, it can be depended upon to give quick and lasting relief. Vou can feel this take hold of a cough in a way that means business. It loosens and raises the phlegm, stops throat tickle and soothes and yvils the irritated membranes that line the throat and bronchial tube with such promptness, ease and cer tainty that it is really astonishing. Piriex is a special arid highly con centrated compound of genuine Nor way pine extract, and is probably the best known . means of overcoming severe coughs, throat and chest colds. There are ninny .worthless imita tions of this mixture. To avoid dis appointment, ask for "iVi ounces of Pinex" with full directions and don't accept anything else. Guaranteed tr give absolute satisfaction or money promptly refunded. The. Pinex Co., Ft. Wayne, lad. FARM HELPERS TRIPLE WAGES In Twenty Years, Accord ing to Department of Agriculture Statistics iksiiiiGHTlOjOOOConkst In Hearing on Proposals of Amendment to Vermont Constitution The proposed constitutional amend mentsAwere nkon up by the Vermont Senate last evening and discussed by Melvin G. Morse, tax commissioner and secretary of the commission which pre pared the report on the proposed ameffilnieiit ; Hale K. Darling, who ap peared in behalf of proposal eight, giv ing Ue public service commission the powers of a court; Walter A. Dutton of Hiirdwick, 'chairman of the public serv ice commission, who opposed proposal eight ; W. J. Bigclow, who spoke in fa vor of a new proHsal when provides for the election of one-third of the rep resentatives every two years for a pe riod of six years; Maw Hairy f Shurtleflf of Montpelier, who, opposed the minority proposal removing the timeloek from the constitution. Senator Vilas of Chittenden county was failed to the chijir to preside dur ing the committee of the whole, into which the Senate resolved itself to con sider the proposals of amendment. Sen ator Vilas brought forward two new proposals of amendment last evening, one of them the Bigclow proposal to elect one-third of the memliers of the House every two years and keep them in service six years, and the other a ptoposal to limit the membership of the House of Representative to 7;, distrib uted among the several counties accord ing to population. t Increasing Power of Public Service Commission. FOUR TIMES HIGHER THAN WERE IN 1879 Average' Wages Without Board Amounted to $64.95 Last Year iTorse, because, while the assistant judges really do some good, it was felt that they do not do enough good to pay fyr keeping them. Their chief gixxl is as Uie selectmen of the county, Mr. years ago harvest time labor was paid Morse said. Vermont is now the only ; ai uj B1 ,lft1(r than harvest time state which lias them, it was saut. Washington, D. C, Jan. 20. Wages of hired men on farms have more than doubled in the last ten years, tripled in the last twenty years and w more than four times higher last year than they were in These changes are shown by statistics of the depart laeiit of ligneulture. Wages paid by the month, without board, averaged $01.95 for the country as a whole last year, ten years ago they averaged $27.50 and in 187!) they were y$10.43. Day labor at harvest time last year averaged $4.3G without board and at other than harvest time $3.5!). Ten Minority proposal three, redisricting the state for the election of senators, was favored by Mr. Morse because it means better representative government. Mr. Bigelow explained briefly the purpose of the amendment to have one- third of the House elected every two years, to hold ollice for six years, and poke in lavor of the proposed amend-j ment. ' Mayor Shurtlcff of Montpelier spoke against the proposed amendments re moving the timeloek from the constitu tion and the one allowing the omission iof a jury trial in connection with mat The eighth proposal was taken up ttrs pertaining to itemised accounts. first, and Hale K. Darling spoke at some length in its favor, declaring i&ifAM0US INDIAN 11 nas o.-en esiauiunea uirougu a de cision of the supreme court that the public service commission now has no power to enforce findings, that it has not the powers of a court. Mr. Darling said that he believed that some means should be employed to give the public service commission, or some eommis sion, the power to compel recognition of its authority, and it seemed that the most satisfactory way to do this would be by means of a constitutional amend- GONE- TO HAPPY HUNTING GROUNDS $1.38. In 18!H harvest time day la bor was paid $1.13 ami non-harvest time labor 81 cents a day. California ajid Nevada farmers paid their labor the highest prices for la bor without board, the average in those states last year having been $107 a month. The lowest average was m Mississippi, where $41 was paid. The average for the country as a whole was HMU.n.V the north Atlantic titntpK 1 averaging $7.."4. the South Atlantic states $.")0.."ifl, the northest central states, $70.00, the northwest central states, $7!).79, the south central states $."!. 0), and the far western states, $99.43. For harvest time labor without board, North Dakota paid the highest rate with $7.40 a day, while at other than harvest time South Dakota paid the highest rate with $5.90 a day. David M. Hodge, ''King" of the Brok-I en Arrow Tribe of Creek Indians, Died in Oklahoma. Tulsa, Okla., Jan. 20. Another of, the famous old Indian leaders, who' ment giving the enforcement powers to I "haped the destiny of the red man in Topics of the Home and Household. 1 I l ?" g II I mflni.fii Ijj lm- rro Pot th$A ?.?sr- & w ina vm m f 1 1 fi 1 n mat .mm Bread griddle cakes are an economi cal way of using up stale food. To remove paint from the glass 'of a window is quite a simple matter. A cloth dipped in hot vinegar will do it. To make a bran bag for the bath mix eoual quantities of powdered oat meal and bran, together, and to a pint of this add one-half cupful of powdered soap. Thin should le flavored with a fundamental law, the rights of the r,P ""V"1"- ."e wa ,or .vor t"e j ne ounce of powdered orris root. Small people established bv a written docu-1.1 a(lvlM'r 01 M,,' eKs. the public service commission. W. A. Dutton, chairman of the public service commission, who had come in while Mr. Darling was talking, was then called upon to express hv opinion 011 proposal eight. Mr. Dutton said that be had not come prepared to speak on the proposal, but that he had given it attention in a general way. . He said that the first thing to be considered tint early territorial days in Oklahoma, has passed. In the recent death of David Mj Hodges, 79 year old, last 'king" of the Broken Arrow t ri!m of the I'reek Indian nation, Oklahoma lost a most interesting character. He died here recent 1 v. Prominent in the affairs of his tribe since 1800, he ranked first moug the t'reek statesmen, and although he nev- when approaching consideration of the " rerrived th l'i',!t honor in the constitution of Vermont is that it is Power "r ,,,e ln,K' lllal " l,rin- ad- bags filled with this mixture are e- ment. Such a document should not be vi,e WM sollJlit by a succession of , ccllent for use in the bath or for unless it is ,nl,al ,""art9 an" "" repeat.! orai.m i washing the face when it is grimy nit er a railroad jonrney. . Diagnosis. "I hear that Tawkins is going to jflvr De Smart a pretty fat fee." -What for?" "Because when the doc was called to attend Mr. Tawkins for a slight ner vous trouble, he told her she had an acute attack of inflammatory verbosity. He then recommended absolute quiet a the only means of averting cacao he loquendi. She's scared dumb." Boston Transcript. Kill That Cold With CASCARA P QUININE CI1 FOR i, Ceagbt AND La Grippe Neglect ?d Colds ere Dangerous Take no chances. Krrf this f.arniar ' rem?y fcar.dy foe first sncza. Breaks op a coJJ in 24 boura Relieves Grippe ia 3 daya Eacelient for Headache Q ni. nr. in this form does no affect the beJ Cucmra is tt Tonic Lawtive N Opiate in H.U's. ALL DRUGGISTS SELL IT amended, mi id Mr. Dutton absolutely necessary. "As to proposal eight," continued Mr. Dutton, "I did not know that the com mittee had touched upon this subject until alter the report was made. It hardly seems to me that this is neces sary. U hen you fix this court, vou fix it beyond the power of the legislature to remove it, even though it works un satisfactorily." Mr. Dutton went on to say that, if 1 court could 1m- established to deal with matters pertaining to the public service commission such a court could also be establish, d for other matters, thus es tablishing a precedent which might lead 'ft d'flif ultic. Our government is three. fold, lie cunt limed, and it, is not good policy to mix the"powers of any body. "Here is a proposition to create court which would be both an adminis trative and executive body," said Mr. Dutton, and he went on to say that he did not see how such a court could do any more than the courts which al ready exist in enforcing the findings of tne commission. Questioned by the chair as to wheth er or not the commission had had trou ble in enforcing its decrees, Mr. Dutton said that there were only two tase? which he knew of where the decrees had not lieen followed out. He answered several questions put to him by Mr. Darling, regarding the powers of the commission. In these answers, Mr. Dut ton suggested that a Tatter way to mend the difficulties which may exit in this connection would be to' handle it through legislation, so that the legi lature would have full control of th matter, and could repeal the law jt it did not work out, while a constitution al amendment, once adopted, would have to stand for at least 10 years. September Elections. M. f!. Mrse was called upon to ex plain the pr.MM'd amendments on by one. He Ink up each briefly and told what the purp"-e was and why it had Ix-cn reNirted favorably by the com-misin. In connccti.-n with projoal seven. Mr. Mors called attention to tha mi noritv rciM.rt signed ! himlf and Cimnvfciniicr t'ushing. This is th pro posal t nturn to th Scrtember lr tons. Mr. Mors said that th only jre.il rcnn for this propc.l. as far as he cul.l see. was to put ermont into limelight once in four vear as' a he was named bv the House of War riors an.l tlie House of Kings (the Senate and House of Representatives Original SoUD Recines nf liiii triltcl sk their di'lni'uti to tli.'l 1 I,-;.. .. 1.... : i C.T,At Whin Km ...rJ" in W.st no.' J"''- ' me itomon - ' - I 1 far.. 1.1 .: .1... - . .1 .wm, hiub III.: 1UU.I mi- HOIII! T.'C- It was the t.roud boast of the old! V.' ..' 1 . -xcennt soups as to statesman that he had met and talked WHAT did the letter say? Who are the winners in the big Eveready Flashlight Contest? One man won $3,000. A woman won $1,000. One man and two women won $500 apiece. $4,500 divides among the remaining 99 contestants, in units rang ing from $250 down to $10. A spirited contest. 309,462 entries. The judges (the editors of "LIFE") in making their decisions, stated that the entries revealed "Daylo's greatest useful ness lies in the broad field of danger in the dark, since no one specific use exceeds in importance all other uses." Go to the nearest electrical, hard ware, auto-supply or drug store that sells Eveready Flashlights and batteries. The complete list of winners and'their answers is in the windows of Eveready dealers, on a poster like that shown here with. ' Find out who won. Look for the post ers in dealers' windows. Learn the mes sage of the mysterious letter in the famous contest-picture. Take your flashlight along and see if it needs a new batter)'. Eveready Batteries fit all flashlights. Be sure your flashlight IS ever ready to banish darkness and it3 lurking clangers. A fresh, strong Eveready Battery is tonic to tlrci flcshhVh:;-. See an Eveready dealer tod.;y. AMERICAN EVER READY v of National Carbon Compa Ir.c. LONG ISLAND CITY, Nt".' YOXS See tliS Foster in your their "make-up," hut remember that president since Andrew the best soups need "time"iing, flow simmering tu be of their best, what eer goes into them. Westover Soup I'eel four potatoes cut in uarters and add four out stalks ot celery cut in dice. Cook in salted water to well cover, and when tender rub through a strainer. S. ild 011 iiart of milk with a small sliced IWhan. his t,r.te,l claim to fame is rmo the onion and add slow e assembling of an Knglih-MuO.- )' to ! t and celery puree. H.s.t -"mii ins hi uncoil a'IU til political barometer. He thought that th exper. -onrt-tcd i!b an extra election did not justify this. Compulsory Voting. Mr. Mors .a.jd he d:l n tuj po-e that pr'jl nin. pr uidlng fr rum inlirv vol ng. o'd rof!ve verv i.-iirh fxvorab e attention by th" Scn jt. but he i-o,it"Pi!cI tht tber i I much t w sa:I T it. In 1 on ni i n Jwith minority jirp.".l on. t rcni (the timehxk fr.m the vn-t:tuti. lr. M.r-e dnrlarol that be rvern-rd th j rnst it ui kb a ntn.h a y!1y. but jhe did nt :h rik h ni"T jit4 tha ilhf p.i,, mhn madf it. and he th";t itiat tb ! p' skxuid Ksv lh p"rr tto m.l i it believer Ire t me rtmr4 Ua. Abolishing Asststaat Ju&ge. MifH:ty jr -a! to. aV4.i,in- t ti-tnt jn!-", j prj4, a;4 Mr. with 1 everv .Fuckson. One of the last missions accomplished by him for his tribe wan bavins t'.ui pres rule that the Creeks ami other Indians were within their ri;ht iu suinfr the government for the reeov erv of lands iriven to their slaves aft er the Civil war. r the Ue (Creek! alphaliet and die! i.mary. The first effort tow ard the format ion of this work was made bv Rev. .lohn Fleminir. a missionarv who came with the Miiskiiees, as they were then called, to the Indian territory from Alabama an.l Mississippi in 1S.1.-.1H. Little projrresa was made until a num ber of vears later, when Hodire. as chief intepreter of the trila-, and Rev. R. M. I)iiiihbride, a missionary, col laborated and finished the lxwik, whidi has lieen of inestimable value to the tril. When a lad. ITodL'es was tausjlit in an Indian mission school by the fa ther of Miss Alice Roberts.m. Okla homa's mneress woman -elect, who was one of the earlv Indian missionaries. Hodires also translated the Bible into the Creek tongue, the Creek myths I into hnplislt and was co-author ot a volume of C'rk-Knulish sons. H.sli;s was mad a junior officer In th forces of Allwrt Tike, d;coverer of Pike's peak, and was assigned to th armv from Texan early in the Civil war.. As a result of a battle with union forces on Thanksgiving day. lKtil. in which th annv from th north, although posin)f superior numbers, was almost annihilated. Hodge was gjven th rank of colonel and when th war nded h was in command of a regiment. He was born in Mukoge, Okla., in 1M2, hi father lieimr a Tennvlvania (ierroan and his mother a full-bbtoded Creek. Earperieiitia Docet. flur reckless, speculative (i ns It t.M.k hard kn.wks t cure. We know now that a "dead ure thins" Is oft more dead than sure.. Huston Transcript. two tahlespooiifuls of Hour and pradii ally blend with the hot soup. Sea son with one and a half teaspoonfuls of salt, one-quarter of a teaspoonful eacn 01 celery salt and paprika, and stir until it lioils an.l is smooth. Co.. for four or live minutes, remove from the tu and stir in quickly three ta- i.irspoonini,. 01 tomato catsup and one tahlespoonful of chopped parsley. r.ij-au Feu This soup is sullicient l.v hearty to form a meal by itself, a it docs in so many French households. wiien it is served with the shredded men mixed through the soup and a pure of vegetables. Anv extra left- oer meat can be utilized in the mince meat for a pie or seasoned for sand- wicnes. I urcliase a good meaty soup bone (heel) and half a pound of stewin? eai. Have the butcher crack the Inui in several places, so that th rili m.r row will cook out. Add a generous tw. quart of water. i2 teasp.HnfuIs of sn, nan a nay leaf, three outer stalks ul diced celery, half a teaspooiif.il cf paprika an.l Hall large Hermuda oil ton cut in slice. It stand in a covered saucepan for inree nours, then place over a mod erate heat and bring slowly to the boiling point. Simmer until 'the meat i very tender and a!tu-t drops from th bones. Remove the bones and meat, cut the latter in irrv .11:1 II pieces or shreds and add the' desired amount to the smip. Cod and remove the fat that will form in a cake on top. Meanwhile have ready one-onarter of a cupful each of diced turnip and carrots that have lwen r.Mikc.1 in salt ed water to cover with three whde clove, two spr'g of !u'ppsil parsley j and two tabl. sii.K.nfuls .f cIioiiiinI TTii M ii ,11. h ' tf F OS) -Tii i. 1 htet-H$Jfrk- m a iu aa v mm mm w w r .-- ' r .nr.. . . . . i . y . j ..jti..a'- r. 'i' -"ml"" Li 11 silicas iTarviMsmwm-smmgiwTM .b ATI TI1J-T l.CsV 'ail. UU with a fresh V8EABYBattegy l.-eks. Add the is.oke.l vegetable wlh; meal thev nmv lie utilized 111 t lie constantly until the soup is thickened and very smooth. Season with salt au! paprika to taste and serve with crouton. Dorothv lc.ter. their liquor to the prepared soup and ' making of a delicious soup. Put two stir in a small cupful of cooked po-1 cupful of cooked beans into a sauce tato cube. Reheat and sen e in a heat-1 pan. half a can of tomatoes, half a ed tureen. tablespoon of sugar, one sliced Her- This soup should be almost a thick 1 iiiudii onion, two clove and an inch a a thin stew. A little kitchen iil- 01 suck cinnamon. vsiver won me quet, chili sauce, and any cooked vege-jenps of cold water, add a lian.lt ui ot table, like beans, peas, asparagus tips j chopped cdery top and bring slo.vly and cabbege, ;-- nlso be added to suitj to the latil. Cook until the beans are the individual taste. . -mushy and press through a puree sieve. Cvlerv Bouillon with Pimento t hop Thicken with a rous from three table-; finely the outer nieces of a hiree head I spoon of flour blen.lt d w ith two ta- of celery, an.l add one teaspoonful oft bit-noon of melted bacon fat and stir 'yet. Boston Transcript, salt, a quarter of a te.ipoonful . of peppercorn, hull a hay lest, on quart, Placing the Blame. Wife lohn, I found this Jettcr I gave you to mail a month ago in your brown overcoat. Hub I remember, I took olT that overcoat at the time to have you sew a button on it and it isn't sewed on 1 m ny The Coffee of GoodTaste" 42 cents a pound and a half of cold water, naif a tea-i ......,.,.,) .,f l.-t- solf an.l 1...M' a tl.iti. ly slici'd onion. Simmer until reduced fo a scant quart and strain. Stir in four thicken bouillon cubes and re- hot t the lsiilinsr point. lor the pimento cream garnish neat ;i ti' I'-n. rntuls 01 neay eream. at.'i w it t ibl. spounful of stifflv whipped ' white and when the mixture will hold it slit bleVl in a tabl.'spum- ful an! a half of pimento puree and al ew rrain of salt. Tlaee a small j noii I f !h; rrrain on eat ll oriiin! .1 -ti t . :. 1 1 01 me fK.iinion niicr 11 nit- m-.-ii poured into thr cop. (Jiee Soiri w tu .oglielli l'l:ve one nuart of milk in the mmcr fart of tire double bo:ler. ad 1 two tji'd- poonful 'f broken fpagh.tti. half a snttonfnl of -salt and cook until t'..e pachett' i tender. Then add alwnit j two tablepoonful of grated cheese (th amount of chee- dneinl W-'ii ' it. rn"tlii srn tr unt I 1 1 1 .e- rielted. Blend in one lightlv lx-aM en ecir and st;rr onst.ni!v untT -fll-thickened. lO-i pot biilt. Sra m iehlv w ith paprika and sen very j ot with t ted erscker. rniiiir:ne (ster P" Sa I t iv quart of ovter in tlu'ir own I'.rtor nntil the edgx ni'l. t'-'i !-s"t th ovter. To the l:-n -r add 1'' nnsrt ff 'ster. t- .''ilV -f rh-r'-' er-lerv. bs'f bsv leaf )alf a t-unfol "f e'S-hed r'ee. Irci n-it7 of chop,,,..! rerI i . t !' of " """d oi r,ne-e-tl rsn-v1.fnl es-H of rsvenn. w'.:t Tv--r ! nn'n'?. si I tr mwftiN of m 'l; snd on fa..'n ful and a hslf f lir i-; t i V r boiling noint snd 1"t r"mr for o. hoii Then ad 1v o-"r an-l 'to tison r-tr tojU. l.lr'l.l wi'V h) a enofol of 1(m of 1. '. '! S':' o'.t--tt1r nsl'l well tlieltfw.l. and inmd:-alr. BaVd Ban nI An'm sotip 1V. bakrd lian are l-ft evr Trom a j-- The Fancy Brand of Nut Margarin For sale by all dealers Troco has true butter flavor it's nut margarin de luxe. It is made in a brand new plant, by a butter expert. Its delicate sweetness is standardized. Solve your butter problem with Troco order from your dealer. Cook Book free. TROCO NUT BUTTER COMPANY 37th and Iron Streets, CbicJi-o riistrihtited by H0LBR00K GROCERY CO. keeae. S. H. Mi lfJMk M 1 i " v -7 I am1 a ' --J , - . WO tu