Newspaper Page Text
ASHEV1LLE, N. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1889.
THE FARMERS' CONGRESS.
WORK. IIUISK HV THIS 1IOM
The Protective '"nrlir Hriiclile
KudorHid, D11I It l.onkH I.Ike a
Iut-up job-The Haullivrn Stiilc-H
Continue to Favor Low Tnxm.
MdNTdDMiiKY. Alii., November l.i. The
National Fanners' Congress adjourned
to-day, mid the delegates left on a spe
cial train this evening tor New Orleans.
The day was devoted almost entirely to
the consideration ol resolutions, election
The new officers are: President, K. V.
Kalb, Alabama : vice president, A. V.
Smith, Kansas; secretary, B. I". Clayton,
Iowa; treasurer, William Lawrence,
Ohio. Vice presidents were also elected
from each slate. The congress decided
to hold its next meeting in Iowa, ilk
place to be hereafter designated.
A etition of the National Floral Con
gress held at Athens, Ala., relative to the
selection of n national Hower, was pre
sented. A resolution by Mr. I'ubor, ol'Colorado,
that the chair appoint a committee ol
one Irom each Mate to suggest means ol
selecting a national tlower committee,
to report at the next meeting, was
A resolution to remove the tax on to
bacco, came up on an adveisc report ol
the commit te and was concurred in.
The resolution declaring lli.il the gov
ernment does not need the money raised
liv internal revenue taxation, and that
this congress lavtirs the repeal ol the in
ternal revenue laws, and that the taxes
raised from whiskey and tobacco hi
relegated to the diflcrent States to relieve
them of local taxation, was taken up,
and the adverse report was concurred in.
A resolution that the Orange, Alliance
and all agricultural orgnniznliousshould
combine to secure the legislation deemed
necessary for the benelil of the organiza
tions was adopted.
A resolution, that copies of all the
resolutions requesting congress to take
action, be lorwarded to both houses ot
congress was adopted.
Resolution asking congress to estab
lish deep water Ircwbors on the (iulf coasi
for the purpose of facilitating the growth
of trade between this country and the
eountries of South and Central America,
A resolution was offered by I'abor, ol
Colorado, asking congress to select
Chicago as the best point for tile loca
tion of the World's fair in lN'.Ci.
Kclley, of Kansas, olVered an atnenil
incnd, striking out Chicago and inserting
St. Loins. Lost.
The question coining up on locating
the lair in Chicago, a vote taken by
States stood, 'M ayes, (i.'l nays.
The resolution that the investigation
lieing made to reclaim the arid portions
ol the northwest, meets with the hearty
approval of this congress, was adopted.
The resolution requesting ihe depart
ment of agriculture to ascertain the
causes of the swine plague and to recom
mend remedies, was adopted.
The resolution favoring government
aid to steamship Hues to build up t In
trude between this cuiuitry and Central
and South America came up and an
adverse report was adopted.
The resolution requesting the army
and navy departments to advertise for
supplies in larm papers was taken up
.and un adverse report concurred in. The
resolution favoriuglheunlimaled coinage
of silver met with an adverse report and
was indefinitely postponed.
The resolution requesting Congress to
investigate the great nuinberol accidents
to train nieii on railroads caused In
using the old style of brakes, and from
coupling and uncoupling cars, and to
take legislative action necessary to pro
vide the best and latest applicances for
the salety of couplers and brakcnien,
was adopted. The resolution favoring
the organization of a National Iioard ol
Agriculture and the appointment of two
delegates irom each State to co-operate
with such National Iioard of Agriciiltmv,
The resolution favoring the bringing
ol producers and co..Mum rs into closer
relations was adopted. The resolution,
favoiing the paying of a bounty to
sugar producers mei with an adverse re
port. A substitute that this Congress
endorse the action ol the department o!
agriculture in aiding the development ol
the sugar industry by scicutihcinvesliga
lions was adopted. The resolution ask
ing ihe legislaturs of the dill'crcnt Stones
to pass laws to pay the expenses of dele
gales to the National Farmers Con
ference was adopted.
The following was introduced by
llrcsscr. of Illinois, and iinaiii.notisiy
adopted: Kcsolvcd, by the Farmers
Congress, that it favors u comprehensive
scheme for the improvement of the Mis
sissippi river, and the building of a ship
canal across the State of Illinois con
necting the Mississippi river und lake
Michigan, and it is recommended that ihe
I'niied States Congress make liberal ap
On motion of Clayton, Hon. Jerry
Kusk, secretary of agriculture and Hon.
J. L). Dodge, statistician of the depart
ment of agriculture, were unanimously
elected honorary members.
The resolution endorsing farmer's in
stitutes, and recommending their intro
duction in all States, and that the mi.
tional government through the depart
ment ol agricuiture aid in this matter,
The president appointed the following
committee to prepare rules lor the gov
ernment of the Congress :
Messrs. MeKeuzie, of Kentucky ; Work,
of Indiana; Lawrence, of Ohio; Corpeel,
of Georgia ; and Clayton, of Iowa. Ad
journed sine die.
The following is the full text ol the res
olutions relating to the tariff adopted
by the Congress. They were prepared
b- Hon. William Lawrence, of Ohio, who
urged their passage ns reported favora
bly from the committee:
Kesolved, That while the Congress
maintains the policy of a protective tar-1
ill, we demand that nil farm products
sh-dl be us fully protected us the most fa-;
vored of the manufacturing industries, j
Kesolved, That while us now n pro
tective tariff is maintained which sub 1
stantially prevents the importation of;
foreign carpets and many other articles j
of manufactured goods, we demand that j
tue duties on mutton, sheep and wool of I
all kinds shall lie so increased as to i
equally prohibit the importation of unit-j
ton, sheep und wool of every kind, which j
can under protection be sufficiently pro-;
riueed at liiirly remunerative prices in the :
I'nited States to supply all American
wants, including the better class of ear-:
liets, as luxuries are entitled to less favor j
than farm and ranch products. '
Kesolved, 1 hat the taritt on wool im
ported to make carpets should at least
be as high as that imported to make
Kesolved, That if protection to this ex
tent be denied, we will call upon the far
mers of the I'nited States to assert their
power at the ballot box and otherwise
to right the wrong and injustice of dis
crimination against them. If they fail
in this, the wool ad mutton producing
industries will be so seriously crippled
that they will be in a large measure de
stroyed, and the farmers will no longer
have any interest in protection for the
lnaiiiifaettirers of woolen goods, but will
insist that they shall have no larger
measure of protection than is accorded
to the wool industry, including any kind
Kesolved, That the farmers of the I'ni
ted States are not called upon lo support
tin-nomination of any n:an for Presi
dent, senator or n presenittive in congress
who will not, to his utmost ability, aid
in carrying out the objects ol the forego
Kesolved, That we favor commercial
treaties which will discriminate in favor
of nations wnich accept silver as a legal
tender money, as well as gold, and
against those which have demonetized
The lollowiug was presented as a nii-
Kesolved by the Farmers' Congress of
INN.), That we demand of our senators
and representatives in congress Irom our
respective Slates, that they shall use
luir best efforts to reduce the tariff to a
strictly revenue basis, and that where
practicable it shall lie removed from the
necessaries of lite and placed upon luxu
ries. McICen.ic. ol Kentucky, offered the fol
lowing as a substitute tor the whole
Kesolved. That the Farmers' Congress
recommend to I he Congrcssof t Ik- i'nitcii
Slates the i ii.ietmeiit of such just tarili
laws as will secure an equal distribution
i-f public liurdeus and provide sufficient
revenue tin the government.
A vote by Stales was then taken on
McKenzie's substit utc, and it was tost.
The minority report was also deleatcd.
I" lie vote then recurred to the original
resolution, and alter considerable discus
sion a division was agreed upon so as to
lake a siparate voicon the silver reso
lution. On tile majority report, except
ing the silver resolution, the vote as
taken bv States was as follows:
For liic resolution as repo'tedbv the
committee, Colorado ft, Florida 2. . Illi
nois 2S, Idaho L ludnnn 11), (own lo,
Kansas 11, Kentucky 7, Maine 11, Mich
gaii lo, Ohio Pennsylvania 'J'A, Mis
souri 1, Nilotic Island 11; lotal Kill. Nays
Alabama Florida 5, Georgia Jo,
Indiana 7. Kentucky 7, Texas 11, Mis
souri 18, North Carolina 1 1 ; total Kit.
The silver resolution was then carried
A Ki:il I.lCTTIvK DAY.
.Mobile KejoieeH in the Opeiiinurff
a leiiiiilat Line.
Moiim.i:, Ala., November !.". The
steamer uni.-ita, ol the Plant line, which
will hereafter make regular weekly trips
between Mobile and Tampa, reached this
city this afternoon. The presidents of the
chamber of commerce, cotton exchange.
county commissioners, Mobile and Ohio
railroad officials, and about titty other
prominent citizens, met the vessel thirty
miles down the bay, and were taken
aboard where welcoming addresses were
The inauguration of this line will fur
nish the shortest line between the West
and Florida, and will "pen up a most
desirable route for the shipment of
Florida tiuits and vegetables to the
The luniata will carrv Alabama coal
from this port to Tampa to coal the
steamers ot the Plant line to Havana,
mil is the loreruiiiter of a direct line ol
steamers between Central and South
Atucsicn. The arrival of the Juniata
marks a red letter dav in the hislorv of
Among the distinguished passi-ngerson
board were; II. I! Plant, president of
the Southern lix press and Plant Invest
ment Company . General Manger II. n.
I lanes, lralnc M.-inagerL. 1'. Owens, and
Superintendent J. W. 1'itzgirald, of the
Plant svslen:: Col. . I-.. Ingi.iliani, presi
dent of the South Florida railway, and
M. F. Plant, superintendent of the South
HuHiiieNH 111 Hie 2rn!ii Center lur
luir Vesternav's McKNion.
ClIICAcio, November lo. In wheal
there was a moderate relative way, and
no important changes were developed in
pri es. The market opened steady, then
pi icesTeecded 1 jc, afterwards advancing
with some fluctuations flsc.a:Ue. for !e-ct-inber
and "'sc. for May, closing '.C.
higher for HeceinlK-r and "v. higher for
Mav Ulan yesterday.
In corn a moderate trade was reported,
and the iecling manilcstcd was easier,
though prices did not vary materially
from those established toward the close
of yesterday's session. The speculative
market opened at about the closing
prices ol yesterday, fluctuated within
'se.a'e. range, and closed about the
same as yesterday.
Oats were quiet with the most of
trading in May. An easier feeling pre
vailed, but price changes were confined
to a narrow range.
In pork very little business was trans
acted. Prices were steady on all deliv
eries. Lard oftcrings were small and the de
mand was only fair and ehielly for No
vember and January deliveries. Prices
were advanced 5e.n7W-. on the former,
but other deliveries were steady.
In short ribs very little attention was
paid to the market. Prices exhibited very
Cotton KecelptH Since Sept. i
Xi:v Vokk, Xovemlier H. The follow
ing arc the total net receipts of cotton at
all ports since September 1, ISM'.):
West Point, Vu...
Blit Iron Hooiu CollapMed.
Glascow, Novemlicr 15. The boom
in the iii; iron market has collapsed.
The full account was overburdened.
Warrants have fallen 13s.
At Midlesboro warrants declined 18s.
and hematite 14s.
Washington, Noveinbcrla. The bond
offerings to-dny aggregated $130,350 all
accepted, at 1.27 lor four percent and
1.05-lt for lour and hulls.
OI'K HAN AHOI'T TOWN.
What He (teen and Wliut He
Tlilnkrt About It.
A word to the wise is sufficient. Don't
put loo high a price on your real estate
if you expect this city to grow as we
want it lo grow.
There are no "Hies" on North Carolina.
Her citizens are, according lo reports,
just shoveling gold off their laud down
around Salisbury. It's a crop that has
the farmer's choice.
Great Scotr! Another cotton bagging.
wedding! This lime it is at the Alabama !
evnosilion. If this thini? continue silts !
and satins will take the place of cotton
cloth and calico, ami the latter the place
of silks and satins.
Geese Geese are fine birds. North Car
olina geese will rank wit:- any in the Fai
led Slates in quality, quantity and flavor
of meat. Poor men can afford roast
goose here. Price for a big fellow, lifty
cents. )ur geese have the strongest vocal
chords of any bird this side of the Koek
i"S. Our neighbor keeps a lot of the
darned things in his yard. They yell all
day and all night. They have voices
something like the devil's assistants over
the boiling caldron in "l-'atist." Live
geese should be forbidden the town, if
human nerves are to be protected.
Charles Thibault, the French Caiutek,
seems to think that his people are des
tined to rule the roost 111 this country;
that t hey will begin with New Knglnuil
and so move 011 until possibly Ashevillc
is engulfed. This Canuck is like the rest
ol' his breed vainglorious and so narrow
minded that they have repeatedly re
sisted to the death the efforts of health
officers to vaccinate their people when
thousands were falling before the scourge
of smallpox. One of our razor-hack
hogs 011 the range compares favorably
in the matter of persoualelcauliiiess with
At times 1 have oceans of pity lor cer
tain negroes about this town. They act
as if the bone ot their skulls was solid
from the tops of their heads to the ends
ot their chins, the brain seems to be
contained in the marrow of thi-ir back
bones. They haven't the perception of an
antiquated cat who has lost her tail,
right ear, teeth, and cannot howl nights.
Morning after morning one of these
leaden-headed colored gentlemen comes
to the door of my room in the hotel wilh
a glass of milk, before 1 gel up. "Set it
down!"l have yelled at him for fifty
mornings, yel next day his early knock
disturbs my morning slumber, and my
wrathful cry "Set it down!" rings outon
the stillness like the snarl of a varmint
possibly. I am getting weary of this
black biped'sdenseness. In my anger my
soul yearns for a shot at him with the boot
jack or water pitcher. Hypodermic in
jections of "Pain's logic" into this man's
mind are urgently needed.
THK liHIvAT UOI.U FliU.
The KeportM From Montgomery
County Said to be True.
K.M.i-toil, N. C, November 15. The
Carolina Watchman, published at Salis
bury, has sent a milling expert lo Mont
gomery county to investigate the ru
mors of an important gold find there,
and he reports that all the statements
about the labulous wealth having been
discovered there arc true. Tile find is
said to be the richest ever discovered in
1 he State. Three parallel veins were
found about hull an inch 111 thickness and
only a few feet apart. The ore pans out
a large pir cent, of' pure gold 1 he
Wotchinan's represent alive ascertained
that a bushel of solid gold had already
been taken out ot the deposit.
The place is owned by three Sanders
brothers. Two of them have been liv
ing ill Texas, but have started for Salis
bury in response to telegrams.
Great excitement is reported in the
neighborhood, and fieoplc are leaving
their work to search lor gold. It is
stated that one man in two hours work
got out 2.00O pennyweights of pun
gold, and was then compelled by the
owners to leave oil work.
KKVOI.l I KIX IK I1HAZII..
The ItrazillMU Armies In control
-Want a Republic.
London, November 13. A private
cipher cable dispatch Irom Kio Janeiro
stules that a revolution has broken out
there. The dispatch gives no particu
lars. Other dispatches from Kio laucrio con
cerning the revolutionary outbreak as
sert tuat tue movement m lavor 01 re
publican form of government has re
cently been strongly fomented, and is
the sole cause of the rising.
I'p to the present hour, however, there
is little information of a tangiole char
acter. The announcement is made in
cipher cables already at hand, that the
Brazilian ministers have tendered their
resignations, und that the situation is
controlled by the army.
Nkw Vokk. November 15. Charles A.
Flint and Co. received the following cab
legram tins afternoon dated at Kio Ja
neiro: "A revolution has broken out here,
Brazilian armies in control. The minis
try has resigned. The revolution is for
the purpose of forming a republic."
The Marine Baud Win be There.
Washington, Novendier 15. The Ma
rine band has been ordered to l-'ayetle-ville,
N. C. to furnish music on the 20th,
21st and 22nd instants, the occasion ol
the ratification ot the constitution of the
United Slates bv North Carolina.
The Battery Purk hotel is undergoing
a thorough cleaning and repairing. A
wainscoting of yellow pine is being put
up in the office. It will lie stained to
match (he ceiling and will add greatly to
the cheerfulness and brightness of the
First Presbyterian church Kev. V. S.
P. Bryan, pastor Divine worship to
morrow at 11 u. m. and 7.30 p. in.
IM'N & CO.'S KKI'OKT ' THK
I'OMU I ION OK m'SIISICSH.
Trade rnnreeecleiiled In olume
Capacity of Iron HuriiieeH In
Itlas" 011 November First Much
(ireaterThaii liver Ilel'ore.
Ni:w Vokk. November 15. According
to Id asms Wyiiian, of K. G. Dun X: Co.,
bu -.iness continues healthv, confident and
unprecedented ill volume. Long ago it
was held that the year's results would
turn noon the crops, and it isnow certain
that tlie yield lias been on the whole
about the largest ever known.
i In question whether the wlu.it vield
is 20,01111,000 or 30,0011.000 bushels he
low the maximum is not important. The
cof 011 crop will mucli exceed any pre
vious one, if the latest official figures are
correct. The corn crop will exceed anv
preceding In-Irom 100,000,011 . to 200',
000,1100 bushels. The oat crop is also
the largest ever known, and theshortage
in potatoes and fruits is immensely over
shadowed by the gain in meal s.
lixports of provisions and cattle in Oc
tober were $1 2,7(I4.851I in value, against
$7,5;I5,277 last year, a gain of OSi-y per
cent., and while the breads' utVs move
ment was $1 1-5,000 short of last year's,
the increase in cotton has been enormous.
Dank clearings show a gain exaggera
ted because of the Presidential election
last year and its interruption of business,
but the increase at New York was 30 per
c-iil. lor last week ; at Boston, Philadel
phia and Chicago 17 percent., and atall
oilier cities 18 per cent.
The capacity ot' iron furnaces in bias!
November 1 was much greater than ever
recorded 110 less than 1C)5.75 tons
weekly, against 151,050 October 1. a
gain ol nearly 10 percent, forthcmonlh.
and against 141,004 November 1, 1SS8.
a gain of' 17.5 percent, lor tip year. It
appears, too, that several other furnaces
of large capacity are about to begin
work. The weekly production is now
greater than that of Great Britain, ami
close lo the greatest ever recorded in that
country, being at the rate of' about 8,
30O.0O0 tons yearly, after allowance for
tin- difference between ihe capacity and
actual output, yet no excess of produc
tion has been perceived, and prices are
linn at the recent advance, an actual but
small sale of rails at $35 being reported,
bar iron being strong at $1.05, nails in
fair demand at SJ.lo, and the plate,
structural and sheet mills full of orders.
One poinl ot doubt is whether the war
rants system may not operate for a time
to conceal an excess of output over the
real consumption, and thus prepare for a
disastrous reaction lau-r.
The coal business is still dull, wilh indi
vidual sellers cut ting prices as before.
Copper has risen to 1 2' hid lor lake,
though the produ tion is large. Lead is
dull and tin weaker at 12;lic.
The cotton branch of the dry goods
trade is active, with sonic talk of higher
prices on leading makes. The receipts ol
raw cotton again exceed last year's, but
the excess of' exports tor the week has
been over 50,000 bales, and the price is
unchanged, with speculative sales of
000,000 bales here.
Woolen goods are moving tYirly and
at eoii'-essions in price, and manufac
turers have been buying more freelv,
Boston sales exceeding 300,000 pounds,
but this years sales thus far aggregate
onlv 100,301,180 pounds at Boston,
against 140,140,300 to the same date
last year. The caution of banks in ad
vances tends to restrict trade, and mine
over the last week's business in men's
woolens was the dullest for a long time.
It is also reported that importer's sales
of spring goods have been the heaviest
ever known, which, if true, threatens
more couqictii ion than the manufactur
ers have anticipated.
The boot and shoe trade continues
large, with steady prices, and leather is
steady, excepting that large sales ol kip
are reported at Boston.
Speculation in products has been more
active, with soineadvanee in prices. For
eign reports helped a rise of two cents in
wheat, but it came out oil Thursdav that
tlie heavy operators who were buying at
Chicago were selling here, and sales at
Yew York were over ten million bushels
lor that day.
Corn is hut a quarter stronger, pork
unchanged, with slight advance in lard,
petroleum only a shade higher, and oats
one cent higher. Coffee has been ad
vanced again 5sof a cent, with specula
tive sales' of 250.000 bags. ,nt the distri
bution is dull, Philadelphia noting that
the high price repels consume-s.
There is more than usual iiuiforinitv in
accounts from all ports of the country.
Keports are all favorable as to the vol
ume of business, and in the main as lo
collections. Large exports lessen the de
mands on this market, the increase in
merchandise values sent out from this
port having been 24.5 per cent for the
two weeks of November, though the im
ports n re also large. The treasury has
again avoided tlie accumulations of
money, having paid out during the week
$250,000 more than it has taken in.
If tlie national hopefulness docs not en
gender excessive production 111 some
Unnnches, and a mischievous revival of
speculation, the prospect lor Heavy nusi
ncss is excellent.
The business failures occurring through
out the country during last week num
ber lor the l utted Males. 23j; Camilla,
30 ; total, 205, against 207 last week.
Mrs. Porter has rented a large house
on Penniuian avenue for the winter
Mr. W. B. Stone, of LyiKliburg, Va is
at the Grand Central. He is a member
of the Ilental Chewing Gum Company of
Mr. G. E. White, ot Baltimore, Mil.,
and Mr.-L. B. Wiustock, of New York,
who represent well known firms in those
cities, are stopping at the Swannanoa.
Mr. and Mrs. Gale, who have been
traveling about liurope for some years,
have extended their travels to Ashevillc
and are now slopping at Mrs. Alice
Mr. A. It. Cassclmaii, a prominent
pension agent of St. Louis, is at the
Hattery Park. Also among the promin
ent arrivals there may be mentioned Mr.
F. M. Gilbert and Mr. R. W. Gilliert, of
Des Moines, Iowa.
Mr. and Mrs. W. li. Bard, of Scdalia,
Mo., are visiting the family of A. H. Is
bell on Prosjiect Park. Mrs. Bard is the
sister of Mr. Isliell, and is delighted to
again visit her native State, and was
much surprised at the wonderful gTowth
A tiood Attendance and Much
F.nthuHiaMiii I.ant Niulit.
It is always a difficult matter to get
together a large assembly of our citizens.
So ninny projects of public interest an
continually under consideration that
most men feci that their duty calls Ihem
at their firesides. Although the court
house was not crowded last night there
was quite a respectable number in at
tendance, and so much enthusiasm ex
pressed as to make amends lor the (lis
eouragement which might have attended
the sight some of empty benches.
Mr. Geo. S. Powell was called to the
chair and Mr. W W. Yaitdiver requested
to act as secretary, and the business be
gan with a good talk from Dr. D. T.
Millard and Major T. C. West.ill, after
which Capl. Nalt Atkinson submitted
the following resolution:
Kcsolvcd, That the citizens of Ashc
ville, in meeting assembled, heartily en
dorse and approve the ellorts being inadi
by the townships of Leiccsler and Saudi
Mush for tidier facilities of travel and
trade between t his city and lliose town
ships, and hereby pledge themselves to
do all in their power 10 further this end,
and, in order that hearty co-operation
may be had between Ashevillc and those
sections, the chairman ot this meeting is
hereby requested to appoint twculy-tivc
delegates lo attend the meeting at Lei
cester 011 the 23rd instant, for the pur
pose of consultation as to what isbcsilo
he done in the premises.
Capt. Atkinson then made one ol thosi
stirring speeches for which he is famous,
and, after urging the necessity of bellei
country roads, presented forcibly the
greater advantages of a railroad, and
gave most encouraging items of informa
tion as to the prospect of' an early com
iiieneemeiil of work on ihe Atlanta. Ashe
villc and Baltimore railroad, and argued
the great additions which would cer
tainly follow to the niateri.il prosperity
of every man in Buncombe county.
The resolution being adopled the fol
lowing gentlemen were appointed 011 Ihe
committee of which the vacancies will be
filled to-day and published in Tin: Citi
zen to-morrow: Capt. Nalt Atkinson,
Maj. W. 11. McLanc. W. T. Pcunimnn.
Dr.J. A. Watson. Dr.J. C. B. Justice, "I".
W. Pulton, J. C. Martin. J. Y.Jordou, J.
W. Cortland, Maj. T. C. Wcstnll, 11. C.
Hunt, U. M. I'ui-man.J. L. L. Single, W.
T. Kcynolds.il. A. Newl.-.nd.T. K.Gaines,
Dr. I)'. T. Millard. Col. A. J. Blair, J. K.
Maj. Malotie then submitted the lol
lowiug which was adopted :
Resolved, That we the people of Ashe
villc in mass meeting assembled do mosi
heartily endorse the efforts of the officers
and Iricnds ol the Atlanta, Ashevillc anil
Baltimore- railroad tending to furnish
Buncombe county with more railroad
The meeting then adjourned.
For the Kenelit of the Flower Mis
sion, at the Opera House.
When you get a box of Huyler's can
dies you can shut your eyesaud take any
one without a secret misgiving. They
are all good, and so it was with tin en
tertainment given by the Flower Mission
at the opera house last night. It was a
perfect success and the audience showed
their hearty appreciation by frequent en
cores and went away with their pleasure
uiimarred by a single, , even m-aneiilary
touch of ennui,
Like little Jack
many a plum,
It was useless to try to
It could uoi be doiic.
Horner they drew out
only they couldn't get
Thev left huiigrv for
varied .and enter
taining in the extreme. There was some- j
thing to please everybody. Sons, in-1
strtiineutal music, and recitations. Why j
even the critic forgot lo criticize, the girls I
to flirt, and the "boys" to "see a man." '
In that perfect harm. my of sound all dis-1
cord vanished, and Tom smiled at Jim !
whom only last night he had cut dead j
on the street. j
The recitations were given by Miss 1
Bowman and met with the success they:
deserved. They were ol all styles, from i
the touching pathos and dramatic action
of Hiawatha, to the rollicking humor of'
"the church reveries of a school girl," i
and the refined wit and sarcasm of "a
model sermon." Such transitions from lite
dramatic to the comic not only gavcj
a spice and zest to the entertainment but
showed a perfect fauiiliarilv with ail !
elocutionary details and a surprising i
range of action. When Miss Davidson I
sang her solo, "I love thee. Mattic," the
wicked man on the back scat forgot to j
whisper to liis neighbor I (with an em
phasis too large to print 1 love thee, Tom 1
and Jerry. Mrs. Collins sung "Spring
Flowers" very effectively and the accom
paniment oil the violin bv her husband,
and on the piano by Mrs. l-aleii, was
well rendered. Of course the gentlemen
all did well. That goes without saying.
Mr. Collins' violin solo was well received
and the audience compelled him to repeat
it. Also the piano duet by Messrs. Bis
sell and Mcltcc showed great skill in
evoking music from that instrument.
When the quartet tc.composcd entirely of
niemlx-rs of the Collins family, sang
"Come, Dorothy, Come," it wasn't
Dorothy, but the audience come down
with a great burst of appausc. That a
glee club in Ashevillc is not only possible,
but should lie organized at once, was
shown by the work done by the male
quartette composed of the Messrs. Col
lins, Mr. ltisscll, and Mr. Mclice.
It was a perfect night, a perfect con
cert, and a good audience, and the only
sad thing about it was that no individ
ual in the audience can c lent . himself
into the belief thai he has made a martyr
of himself for charity's sake, for all re
wived more than they gave.
Ai.ui HiiKN ii ii:i;tim;.
The Fire Alarm Teleifraplt Two
Ni- KailroadH Proposed.
There was an unusually large attend
ance of citizens at the regular meeting o!
the board of aldermen last evening,
brought together to hcrtr what might be
done about the proposed Fire Alarn
Telegraph. Alter the reading and up
proving of the minutes of last meeting.
Mr. Sawyer, as chief ot the lire depart
ment, asked att'-nti'in to the subject ii.
which all wen- interested, and after a
clear, concise si-iteinent from Mr. Clark,
the agent ol tin Gnincwcll Fire Telegraph
company, a eoinmiltee consisting of tlu
Mayor, wilh aldermen Pulliam and Filz
palriek, was appointed wilh full powei
to act in I he matter, and the conconrst
of interested spectators being satisfied
with this result, promptly adjourned to
attend the railroad meeting which was
being held in the court house. Thosi
who remained faithful in their attend
.-nice, however, soon discovered that
their constancy was lo be rewarded In
hearing the discussion ot a railroad pro
ject of very great and general iulerest.
This matter was broughl to the Iroiit by
Capt. Win. M. Cocke, jr., and Capt. II.
M. Kaniscur who pi esenled the following
Asiilivit.i.K. November 11, 1 SS0.
To the Honorable Ma v:i- and Hoard oi
Mdernien of the City ol Ashevillc. N. I'.
lieiltleiucn : We, the uu'lcrsiuncd, direc
tors ol the French Broad Ynlley Kailro.-nl
Company, do humbly beg that your hou
i-r ible body do subscribe the amount oi
$."0.0110 to' the capital stock of the said
French Broad Vallev Railroad Company,
said amount to be paid over to the au
thorities of the said railroad company. in
rel urn for like amount of stock in sail!
railroad company, in bonds ot' whatevei
den iminatiou your honorable body may
direct, when the said railroad compatn
shall cause to have construeied a line ol
railroad from the city of Ashevillc up the
French Broad valley to a point in Trail
svlvania county; the said railroad to In
of the standard gauge, equipped, ami
trains running daily over the same, am
ihe work examined and approved b
vuur honorable body. 1'pou the rati
ii ation of ihe said suhsi-i iption, by thi
p-ipular vole of your city, we w ill enter
into contract to cause the said railroad
to be completed and equipped within
twelve months fromdateol said subscrip
tion, and to bind ourselves under a bono
ol $5,0(10, lo he forfeited 10 the said city
ol' Ashevillc in case we should fail to
carrv out our contract. Yerv respect
fully', Ciias. G. Dvatt. per K.,
H. B. Williams, per R.,
C. D. Bt e'KI.LN. per R.,
1 1. B. Fulxcii, per K.,
A. M. Kamsi-i K,
W. M. CocKi:,
. II. Kaxkix.
Directors of' the French Broad Yalley
Railroad Company, duly incorporated
under the laws of North Carolina.
This was followed bv another exactly
similar, except that the proposed rail
way is from Asheville to some point on
tiie Tennessee line in the dirceiion ot
Bristol, which was signed by the same
From conversation with Capt. Coekt
and Mr. Ramseur, we learned that they
held a charter f.r both of' these proposed
lines, and that their object now was to
get permission to submit them to a
popular election in this city, on the pro
prielv of subscribing $50. 000 to each ol
the same. If this appropriation should
be made, these gentle, nen are confident,
thai boih of these important undertak
ings will be accomplished speedily: the
I'm nier wit bin one year, and the latter
within two ears from this date.
Mr. Ramseur requests any person, who
may desire legitimate information in re
gard to cither the French Broad valley
or the Tennessee line, to submit the same
through the columns of Till-: Citizkn and
lie will answer them gladly and prompt
ly Alter hearing the petitions read,
their further consideration was post
poned to a special meeting of the Board
to be held on Wednesday next at 7 p. 111
A suggestion was made of the propri
ety of purchasing another steam engine
and drills tor working the city stone
quarry wiucii was leierreo to me street
committee. And the license tax on in
surance agents wasVed'ued from $25 to
Alter discussing si vera I olhrr iiintlcrp
nt minor importance, sundry bills were
audited corri.vt.cd and approved, anil the
A Sad Accident.
A horrible accident occurred at Pemen's
factory at o.lo p. m. yesterday. One of
the men who was working there had his
hand terribly mangled and two of the
fingers cut off. He was putting the stutV
through the shaver and in his hurry got
his hand caught under the knives. A doc
tor was i m mediately scut for ami the
hand was bandaged. livery thing has
been done lor him that could alleviate
thepain;but it is sad to think thalsueha
heavy penalty must be paid for a mo
ment's negligence and carelessness,
Kadain'H Microti e Killer.
Mr. V. I. Hearing, representing the
Kadam's Mien die Killer Company, of
Nashville, Tcnii., is in the citv, and has
j secured for his agent at this place Mr. J.
j S. (rant, at whose pharmacy this medi
1 cine and the pamphlet issued by the com
! pany on "the origin and discovery of the
MieroW Killer" can be tound. Look out
Inr their great ad. in to-morrow morn
; ing's Citizkn.
J Court New.
; Criminal court logins next Monday.
The Madison county court begins ncxi ;
Monday, Judge Clark presiding. j
The Huneomlw superior eourt will lie'
convened on the first Monday in Oeceni-!
The I'nited States court was adjourned
sine die at 1 1 o'clock yesterday, after dis
posing of a few motions. Judge Dick left
for Greensboro last night.
" MOUNTAIN I)i;V.
thi: mrri-uiiNT wa ykof iiih.
ti i.i.i n; ii:scituti.i.
Col. A. If. Il:iird TalkH ol What He
IlaiSceu in Mie Manufacture ctf
tlie "Ardent- In Western North
Illicit distilling is always carried on
in the must secluded and inaccessible
pois. Tiie most picture1-' pie regions,
rt'here nature presents its.h"in all its rug
gedikss and grandeur, where precipitous
Jiffs all'ortha hazardous approach, and
where even the sure fxtted chamois
ivould have diliieuttv in climbing, there
will be found tin- haunts of the "moon
shiner." There in his rocky fortress he
liiils (klianee to ihe law, and high amid
the jutting crags anil clil.'s he posts his
lookout to give no i ice of the approach of
I'uele Sam's oliiuals, or to shoot them
down as they sUallhiiy creep onward
.ind upward in order to surprise him at
his Work. Thus an internal revenue n ni
cer takes his lite in liihown hands. Ilis
career is full ot perilous escapes and ad
ventures, ami he who passes safely
through these dangers can tell many an
inteiesling talc. Col. Baiid, our es
teemed city marshal, is one of these lat
ter, who has faced danger in all its many
guises, ami s-how a stern, unyielding
front, and an undaunted spirit ufcour
age and bravery in carrying out the exe
cution of the law, in arresting ihe illicit
distillers of "mountain dew," and in
breaking up their stills. The bare-footed
;irl ot Hald mountain is the name given
by the Charleston News and Courier to
one of his adveiitmes which lias been
chronicled far and wide. It is from him
that we have obtained the following ac
count of the nianuiaeture of whiskey in
those rude mountainous districts:
"1 was in the internal revenue scrvne
for lour years during Cleveland's adinh.
islralion, and in that time I became
prettv well acipiaintcd with the methods
sed by the "moonshiners" in distilling
whiskey. If you wish to hear anything
about tlie process used, I shall be very
glad to tell it to you.
"I;iist the meal is taken ami put inio
a tub, and on this is poured the hoi
scalding slops. What I mean by slops is
the residuum lelt in the still alter distil
lation of the whiskey. Huong h of the
slops is poured in to give the entire mass
the consistency of a thick mush, and this
is then technically called the 'mash.'
1 la ing stirred the 'mash' well, it is kit
to stand for twenty-four hours. After
this period has elapsed it will have formed
a cake. This is broken up and a certain
amount of malt is added to it, 1 can't re
member the exact ipiaiuity. A 'moon
shiner' makes his malt by taking thecorn
and laying it upon planks. He then
keeps this continually moistened until
the corn sprouts. When the sprouts are
of siitlicicnt length they are taken and
dried, and then ground up. The product
is what is generally called malt. The
malt having been added, whatever
amount it may be, water is then poured
upon it unti1 the liipiid rises to within
three inches ol the top. If this space is
not left in the tub the resulting fermenta
tion would cause the liquid to run over.
The liquid is then thoroughly stand
up and lift standing for seventy-two
hours and allowed to ferment until it has
the acidity or sharpness of sour butter
milk. In this state it is called 'beer.' We
are now ready for distillation.
"The beer is poured into a large copper
still and allowed to boil for a lew min
utes and then a copper or wooden cap is
fastened on. As the heat increases the
vapor or steam arises and passes out
through the arm o the still, which is a
wooden tube generally made of sassafras
as this is supposed to give a better (la
vor to the liquor. Tue vapour passes
through the arm into the worm, which
is a coiled pipe. The worm lias its coil
placed in a barrel lilled with cold water.
I At the side and bottom of the barrel is a
spigot where the coil of pipe emerges
from the barrel. Now as the steam
passes through the worm it is condensed
by tne coldness produced by the water sur
rounding the pipes and comes out of the
spigot as a liquid. The liquor thus ob
tained isealkd 'singlings' and is caught
in what is known as the 'singling tank.'
"The 'singlings' is very strong, and in
order to further remove the impurities,
il must undergo the process of "doubling."
That is, it must be dislilled again in the
Seine manner as that by means of which
we obtained the 'singlings.' When this
is done, we have the p'ire "mountain
"This is the general method of making
whiskey, but I saw one distillery which
was the most ingenious thing of its kind
that I have ever laiilcyeson. I never saw
I one like it in all my tramps around the
j mountains and I have never heard of
one. All you had to do was to light a
j tire under the stiil and draw otV the
I whiskey at the other end. And it was
very good whiskey loo. i ue beer is
placed in the still as ln fore and the vapor
passes through the arm into a tube
which enters into an air tight barrel.
This tube runs dowa to the bottom of
the barrel. As the vapour passesthrough
the tube into the barrel it forms n liquid
in the bottom, ami this is the 'singlings'
1 of the ordinary distillation. Hut the
j vapour that is continually entering
! makes this liquor boil from the bottom
and, this in turn, gives on a vapour
..) r.ia tio ;.,t.r..,i;..t
M);ec ,wl the 8llrfaw of the liqllid
and the top of the barrel. At the side
und top of the barrel is inserted the
l.m.n ""'! the vlour passing through
this is again condensed in the usual way
and Hows out at tlieotherendinaslream
' of good, rich whiskey. You see this saves
the trouble of two distinct distillations.
and a man can run oil "just as mucil or
just as little whiskey as lie pleases and
at any time that he pleases."