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FARM AND UAHDEN.
Smut in Oats. Smut in cats usually destroys ten rer tent, of th- crop and often more. Vto lessor Arthur came across a lVM of oats that was nearly destroyed by smut. He thought to try"v.hcther the &res of the unut fundus were carried with the seed oats. Sowing some of these seeds next year Le found the smut abundant on the crop. Of the same seed plots were sown in which, before sowing, the seed? were soaked in copperas water. In four dif ferent plots of different soil theunsoaked needs gave about per 500 of 17.o, "20. 7U and 23.40 of smutted panicles. The seed soaked in copperas water ioz. copper sulphate to one gallon water seed soaked 17$ hours Ik fore sowing, gave plants of which D.2 panicles only had trout, the same soaked 40 hours, no smut. In a solution of caustic potash li of caustic jotash to li pints of water, soaked 17$ hours no smut. Independent. Good I'ootl, Good Flavor. Ever and anon some enthusiastic breeder of thoroughbred fowls descants ujKjn the merits of his favorite breed their tender, juicy flesh and rich, highly flavored egge, not to be compared with the dunghills long ago discarded for getting thtt the dunghills were truly named, and that from hard scratching for a living in a barnyard, they produced the small, tough bodies and ill-flavored eggs complained of, while his thorough breds have a yard to themselves, are fed on the choicest grain and grasses, have nothing but pure water to drink, and all the delicacies of the season, from the dinner table. Wh it breeder has not noticed the dif ference in flavor of the eggs from his best yards and from the general flock running at large. Instinctivel', the best fowls receive the best food and most careful at tention, and the result is richer and bet ter flavored eggs. Feeding for flavor must sooner or later become one 'of the high arts of poultry culture. JVec York Market Journal. Impaction of the Stomach. Cattle fed upon dry, hard food at this Reason are apt to suffer from indigestion, which results in fever of the stomach and impaction with the dry, undigested food. The inflammation dries and bakes the coarse matter in cakes between the folds of the stomach, and as this organ cannot act, death is only a question of time. The symptoms are dullness and loss of appetite ; the nose is hot and dry, the ej-es discharge tears and bee oaic red, and there is great thirst. "When dry, coarse feed is being eaten, the cattle should be given some linseed meal or linseed oil, and a thin tea made by boil ing linseed is also very useful to prevent this disease. When it happens the best remedy is two pounds of epsom salts dissolved in warm water, and mixed with a pint of molasses. Linseed tea should be given copiously. When the rumen, or pauch is involved in this dis order, it may save life to make an inci sion in it and remove the contents, and inject the solution of epsom salts. A few stitches will close the opening, which heals rapidly. Xeu: Turk T'arus. Fine Sand for Bedding Animals. A correspondent of the Country Genii-wan says: Many years airo, when I had easy access to clean sand, I used it for bedding the cows and horses in preference to straw, sawdust, dry tan bark or any other material, for the reason that a bed of fine sand would absorb the liquid of the stalls sooner and keep the animals cleaner than any other bedding. There was the fact in the case. That is all there is about it. A few days since I was at the stables of a farmer who works a large farm and keeps several teams and a large herd of neat cattle, who told me that he prefers fine sanel for bedding to any other material. He had more than two thousand bushels (I judged; of dry, line sand, stored for bedding in the win ter. No other bedding will prevent the inanurial accumulation from adhering to the hair of domestic animals so effectu ally as clean sand. A peck of tine sand will rev.dily absorb and retain half a peck of liquid manure. Then, here is another important consideration in favor of sand, namely, the facility with which manurial accumulations of any stable may be han dled and stored without loss from heat ing and 4,!ire fariging," as stable manure will do when the bedding consists of straw or haum of anv sort. Coring: Siilc-Racon. In handling any products of the hog care must be taken to kill on a cool, frosty day and see that the carcass is thoroughly cooled through, but not frozen, before it is cut up. The large pieces of siele meat for smoked bacon are best cured by dry salting on a platform made for the purpose. On this spread a layer of salt an inch deep, then rub each piece of moat thoroughly on the sides and edges with salt aud lay the skin side down on the platform. When the first layer of meat is completed, sprinkle a good layer o; salt over it and then rub and lay down the next layer in the same manner as the first, and so continue until all is packed; finish with a good coating of salt on the top or the pile. The meat should be taken up and rubbed with, salt three or four times during the curing, and repacked as at first. This rubbing may be done in a wide, shallow box con tinuing three or four inches cf salt in the bottom, and will be found quite conven ient for the pjrpose. The t.me required for the curing will be from five to eight weeks, depending on the tlih kness of the pieces and the temperature of the room whee it is kept. In a cellar with an even temperature meat will take salt much sooner than in a cold room with an occasional free e, and it will be well to test the curing by cutting into a piece ucfore taking it up for smoking. The amokincr will require about ten days. hickory wood beiug the I c;t for the pur- nose. .VtT Jwl- World. Saving Makes Profit. Profit in all kinds of business depends more upon what is saved than what is made. A farmer loses money if he does not make this principle the basis of all h:s work. As with feeding live stock, so with feeding crops, if the manure is not made available by good culture, or good culture is not aided by liberal manur ing, there is loss. A case in point may be mentioned of a farmer who produces over 2,000 pounds of tobbacco per acre, made by good manuring and through, til lage of so good a quality that it brings seventeen cents a pound, equal to $.'540 per acre. By saving or making effective every part of the work, one acts with an other to produce the desired effect, and in growing crops, feeding stock, and the general management of the farm, it is not the amount expended or the work done that makes up the profit, but the useful effect produced and the saving of labor and material. The work of the farm may be compared to the power of a stream ; one may have a leaky dam or a flume, or a poorly constructed wheel, and the force of the fall may be frittered away by various wastes. In farm work the adaptation of the right means to the desired ends constitutes the science of agriculture, and the whole intent, pur pose and effect of scienc e are to make every part of the farm-work as effective as possible by avoiding wastes of all kinds. In fattening cattle or swine there are many opportunities for losses and wastes. The most appropriate food is rarely chosen, but whatever may be most con venient; there i3 rarely that mixture of fooels which is most effective in making a healthful mixture of flesh and fat; there are seldom the best arrangements for feeding without waste or for the preservation of her.lth during the fatten ing process, and in many ways farmers miss getting the full effect of the food. How many make a pound of live weight from so little as four pounds of food, and yet three anel one-half or even less of the best kind of food will make a pound of increase, and how many keep the best kind of stock for profit We might say how few, for but very few do this. And yet with a large number of farmers the greater part of the crop3 is food to stock. This is an appropriate time for considering this matter and for acting in accordance with the most profitable methods. JVeic York Tinas. Farm and Garden Notes. Mr. Caywood believes that raspberries winter best that are kept growing until frost. Spinach keeps longest in a cold pit on shelves, piled not more than six inches deep. William Muth says that bees dislike all black, dark or iron-gray colors, and that fur, hair and wool are an abomination to them. The bee-keeper, therefore, ought to avoid clothing of such material and colors. Mr. Philbrick says that the best kind of squashes for long keeping are the hard-shelled varieties, and advises that these be stored in a loft provided with double windows, to keep out frost, and a stove or other means of warmth. A farmer says: "I put into a barrelful of sweet cider a quart of milk, about a half a pint of mustarel seed the black seed anel six eggs. Mix them all up together and pour them in the barrel. Cider will keep sweet that way for half a dozen years. I think it gets better and sweeter the longer you keep it." Great pains should be observed in feeding swine, observes a Western pork maker. Never feed any more than they will eat clean at each meal, anel not less than three times a day. Plenty of fresh water should always be where a fatten ing hog can drink at any time. 3Iake a practice of raking and burning all cobs and refuse in the yard once a week. The pigs like the charcoal made from cobs, anel it will keep them clear of worms. One who has hael experience in the matter advises that in storing away garden seeels they shoulel be placed in woolen bags, with a piece of gum camphor in each bag, and also to dust the seeds with insect powder. These methoels will protect the seeds against insects, which destroy many kinels, such as peas, beans, etc. All seeds should be kept in a dry place, and an examination of them shoulel be made several times during the winter. It is becoming more and more evident that the making, saving and applying of all the manure possible on the farm, is a very important matter. Soil-tillers are beginning to realize the fact that, once the supply of plant-food is exhausted, they cannot restore it without adding considerably to the expense of the crop. Yet with many sufficient care is not taken to save material that, if properly managed, can be made into first-class fertilizers. There are many things wasted much refuse matter thrown away which, if aelded to the manure or compost heap, would eventually pay good divielends in the way of increased crop-production. The Panama Canal. The Panama Canal, or rather "The In teroceanique," will be, when completed, about lifty-five miles long, says a Tinus Demoerut corresponelent. So far about eighteen miles have been dredged out on the Chagres, and a portion of the moun tain at ulebra has been blasted out. This is all the work of contractors, not of the French. The American Dredging Company have done their work nobly, wh le the French dredges have lain idle anel rusted along the shores of the Chagres. The clref aim cf a French cm p oye seems to be to elrink absinthe, cognac and claret, u-ul wear a cork hat and tep boots. They are extremely clannish, and view Americans as an ?r ferior race of an'mal. "While thus engaged on work so fine, Where skill and patience must combine, How oft the thought must pain the heart That after all your care and art. The handsome work that charms the eyo ' Ere long must soiled and ruined lie." "Oh, no; you make a great mistake. As no such thought our rest can break; For should there come a soil or stain. No ruin follows In their train; However deep or dark they show. The IVORY SOAP can make them goi And all the brilliancy restore And perfect beauty as before." A WORD OF WARNING. There are many white soaps, each represented to be "just as good as the 'Ivor;" they ARE NOT, but like all counterfeits, lack the peculiar and remarkable qualities of the genuine. Ask for "Ivory" Soap and insist upon getting it. Copyright 1SS6, by Procter & Gamble. IKPW Kone rmnine Unlet TJrtn'turflctAvnm-mnnevftTi f tainted vita the auTcl 1 TRADE KiRIL I, 9 absolutely witer and vindraoor. and will keep you dry in the hardest etorml Lk lor the "FISH BRAJfD' srjcKEnand takenoot.hr. If your rtorekeeperdoeii fnot liave 1 ne TTsn rnA!m n' Pnd for oVorriotive CtttHlom to A. J. TOW i-.R. 2') FlmmoTH frt.. Ko FOR the year 1SSS Frank Leslie's rOPTJ ULAII MONTHLY, which has been aptly styled " The Monarch of the Month lies," will be better than ever. Articles upon topics of current public interest ; sketches of eminent persons ; strong and brilliant stories ; poetry of a hih order ; all profusely illustrated, and by writers of recognized merit, will fill its pages. To tlm old and favorite corps of contrib utors will be added writers of promise, and no effort will be spared to keep the magazine in the foremost rank. In the November number was begun an earn est and powerful tale, PRINCE LUCIFER, By ETTA W. 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Iff " 111 rr.rl iotAt.t rr. li laiuaUf rciifTrt kixl m n i-urr ttheutnat i mtn , Cold in the Head. Amthtna, iif m iiioiiia, iteadaehe, Toothaehe, Aeuraljia, told. Sore Tftront, Itronrhitim, Sriatiea, nTaiiiHiaf(iu, 'tongemtionm. mrnrvLT nni:.4Tiiit;. Itadrav'm Ready Iteiirf im n tr for every Main, Sprain, Ilrttimem. Fatnm in the Hark, het or I.ttnbm. It tram thr Jt irmt and im the iinly pai.v itK:-Mj;iv That lnTjntlr tp4 the nw: exiniil.itinic la.B ' r Inflimnutlotn, and runn Congestions. wbtfcer far Lh Lun. Mmaei. I towel or tth-r glial ir wyan lv tin apilk-tn. INrKK'NALLi.a half t a tea.nful in half tumbler of w(r ill in a few tulnute cur Cram;. ( axms. Hour Stomach. Sauces, omlt!n. !Irt bnrn. Nervousness. Hi-eileneMt. Sick Ilsadarbe. Diarrhea, Colic, PUtuIcm-r and all .aternal mm MALARIA IN ITS VARIOUS ' FORMS CURED AND PREVENTED. There it not a remedial aren'. In the wrll thai will cure Fever anl Atru and all othr Mt.ir14. Billon and other feTem. aiJt-d bjr KAKH A Y'H I'll.l., ojulckly uKAl)VA ItKADl KKMF.F. K. K- H. not onlj euro the patient nHtM with M Larta, I Tit tf people exto1 to the Malarial twtwi will eer morning take '20 t 30 drop of Head? Relief lu watr. and eat. y a cracker, bofure C"'x out. they will prevent attacka. hric-3 M t-trut per lxuie. Sold by drafrglata. RADWAY'S PILLS The Great Liver and Stomach Ren 3 J For th enre of all disorder" of the 8t.mrh. l.iv Bowels. Kldnevn. Bladder, Nerrou DUei. Kemil rompi&lnte. I wi of Anetlte. lIdcbo. Constipa tion. Coativenem. Indtioi, Bilious umn. Verr. Inflammation of tha Bowels. Pila and all df mentsof the Internal Viscera. lurHT recelabls, o ju taininff no mercury, mineral or deterim lcu. PERFECT DIGESTION STi Pill. By o doing SICK HEADACHE, fTf pepxia. Foul Stomach. Biliousness will be roldel. and the food that Is eateu contributes its nourishing proiK-rties for the support of the natural waste of theuody. , . . tfObserve the following symptoms r suiting rrom iiia iiiiroaiiTvOrnnt' i'onstt nation. Inwsw Piles. Fullness of the Blood in the Head. Acidity ot the Stomach. Nausea, Heartburn. lUtrut of Food. Fullness or Weight in the .Stomach. Sour Eruolatlift. Sinking or Fluttering of the Heart. C hoking or Hullo eating Seneatlons when In a lying poture, Dimness of VUlon.Dots or Webs before the Sight. Ferex and Hull Pain in the Head. Deficiency of 1'ersi.iratlon. ellow nessof the 8kln and Eyes.Paln In the Alde.Ohest.Umb and Sudden Flushes of Heat. Burning In the Flesh. Afewdoseiof KADWAY'S I'll.l.! wl.I fre t).f)vtem of all the alove named dlsonU r. Price 25 cents per box. Sold by ail driiziMU. rWReud a letter stamp toDIt. KADW AY A CO., No. 3'i Warreu Hireet, New York, for Our Book of Advice. It K SiJICK TO ;ET It AD WAY'S. DR.KILMER'S TMPTOMH AND COXIHTIOII This Kerned? Will l lir e and t urf. If Ynur hcartthumpsafttTMiddenelTort-Jikir 11 I UUI treats or Uutt rs, if you have bear disease, faint 6iell8, lits or spawns. Ynn fetl as thoufrh wat r woh frntlieiiti I I OU around the heart, or have heart drop, i Vnn have Vertipo. dizzy attacks, rinirlnsr in lUUeam, rLspowl to nervous prostration. appoplexy, kuocK or Ftiuuen o-atn, I Vnn have Neuralgia, Numlincss in nrms or II I UU lirnl'f, darting pains like Khuuuiat wrn. Oeean-Wjd cures and rireventri jroinjf Utlmart ..f lll.n...rr. "1:111)1 ;riiK TO II HA LTU, Krnt ill Mr haw ton. -N. Y on, .". . I-HlCMi $l.O0. TRADE MARK DON'T1 Q nir IN TUr- ..-.iCI Gone Where the Woodbine Twineth. Hats are pmart, but "Rough on ILaU" txia them. ( Hears out Rat, Mice, Koaches, Water Bu8, FliesvBeUe8, Motlis, Ants, Mosquitr!, Bed bugs, lien Lice, Insects. Potato liufpi, HparrowR. Skunks, Weasel, Gophers, 'hip murks. Moles, Musk Rate. Jack KabhiU Squirrels. lZc. and iiSc. Druista. ROUGH ON PAIN" Master, I'oro-.J. lie ROUGH ON COUGHS." Coughs, colds, : ALL SKIN HUMORS CURED KY UGHITCh "Rorjrh on Itch Ointment eirp Rkln Hu mor?, Pimple, Flesh Worms. Rinz Worm, Tet ter. Salt Rheum. Frosted Feet, f 'hi I LI a inn. Itch, Ivy Poison, Barter's Itch, F-ald Head. Kvz-ma. 60c. Vrug. or mail. E. S, Wells, Jersey City. UGHiPIL Ctjrea Pfle or Hemorrhoids, Itching. Tr ArxvV lnfr. Bleeding. Internal and external retneidy in each package. Fure nare, !A PrjUUi or mad. s. Wixlh, Jersey City, N. J. Blair'sPills.' Great English Gout and Rheumatic Remedy. Oval Ilox,:tlt round. I t Pill-. AXLE on"" GREASE TtriT TV THE W IW Get ti;e Oerun' fV.ld ETcnrwliere. UPDnDllin CICTU I'UCCI LatrtliuXzy ncnanRiiu ririn nuttu anil ( ' m.m Irnt rovemenu II Kit II It A M I'll.. Ireruotit, O. Pjs eif r fvi o Obtained, fiend rtamp for A I t 1 1 I 9 lnvenurs' (.ulde. u lUo Hii, Patent Aturney, WajUdDKtoo. L. C. OPIUM Morphine llssit Cared In IO to todays. So pay till currA. lr. J. btejihcna, LrUaiun, OnJo P Ira 1 ES