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The daily independent. (Elizabeth City, N.C.) 1936-19??, August 31, 1936, Image 1

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[ZS?3 The Daily independent i^e-sb
|1BI""""1 F'rrT '*" y'T:L2ZinXy!\ r"b""'i"c Co- ELIZABETH CITY, N. C., MONDAY, AUGUST 31, 1936. am-hcm.,, SINGLE COPY 5 CENTS
Roosevelt Pauses on
Trip West to Order an
Immediate Protest
|;,I|?|(I f.ily. N. D.. Aug. 30
il l') President lloosts
wit tonight ordered C.ordcll
k. Hull. Secretary *)f Stale, to
protest immediately to the
Spanish I.??>;ilists ami Rebels
over tiie bombing today of
the 1. S. S. Kane, an Ameri
can destroyer in , Spanish
waters.
from the (baking room of
bis private train parked on
the edge of the South Dakota
prairies the (iliief Executive
lieard by telephone from
Washington details of tuc at
tack on the Kane, recenty or
dered to Spain to evaluate
American eiti/ens in the war
| 20111'.
I Marvin H. Mclntyrc. sccritary
to the president. called newspaper
men to a conference this eveiing
and read the following prcpired
memorandum:
"The pre: ident has received iis
patrhes relating to tiie dreppng
of bombs in tiie vicinity of the
U. S. S. Kane. 38 miles off '.lie
Spanish coast by an unidentiied
, plane. He lias ta.ked with the sec
retary cf state and reprcsentati<ns
I wi:l be immediately made to he
Spanish government and he
Spanish rebels.
Any further information via
br given out by the secretary of
sut: T no president is in constant
contact with Washington."
It was understood tire Kane r -
turned the fire of the plane, pre
sumably belonging to one of th?
two groups now engaged in a.
bioody revolution for control o
the Spanish government.
The Kane, with the U. S. S
Hatfield, another destroyer, re
cently was ordered to the Euro
pean station to relieve the cruiser
Quiney and the battleship Okla
homa. Tiie last named ships for
ti; pa.-; month have been on duty
bo: . itiAtlantic and M diter
riuu-an carrying American nation
a > Irorn Spanish ports to points
| of safety.
The Kane was unscathed by the
bombardment.
Mr. Roosevelt received first word
of the bombing when lie returned j
from Mount Rushmore, 26 miles J
away in the Black Hills where he
dedicated the gigantic statue of
Thoma Jr'ffcrson. part of the he
lei group that includes Washing
ton and Lmco.n.
11" gave the order for the rep- I
'? : : i.e the train crew'
was getting lus special ready for
departure an hour and a half
,aSalt Lake City, where on
is -'vty lie wi.i pay final homage
a. tut- bi< r of George Dcrn. late
' of war. who died last
week in Washington.
Haw- a Destroyer
Washington. Aug. 30.? 'UP)?
Tin U .-j destroyer Kant, endan
i ? in apanish waters, is one of
flush-dee*" destroyers and
wa bunt by the New York Ship
b'u'diim Cnipo.ation. She carries
the number '335'' on her bow.
She was iaid down on March 7,
1918 and was launched December
8- 1919 She is a ship of 1.190 tons
?r.ci ..rrits a normal
com?) -:rr. of 132 men. She is
? ; : and has the
in< Four flve
incl tlirct -inch gun and
12 t'.;;)? ? j. .
h"' fommanded by
I:".' O-eimanc;' : .J D. Alvin. She
was de.spat' :;i ; ivm npw York
1 Hatfield to
17 and of
? i. . rc'.v of 120
??? ?' '1 on page eight)
UTO KM I K KILLED
ho'o" !:.<i A 30. 'UP> ?
I'-.vI'-v 2H [.os An?olcs. Cal..
fatally injured
t'Ki.-.v wiirn ;.f VHS thrown from
?> spccdm- car at Roby speed
: way.
the vnil'-nt oe< irred in the
-11rii< rare. With his
roann- down the straight
:i ?' o.o!' f.ian 80 miles an
t'ixicy lo ?! control and was
: ::? iRi tr.f scat. He suffered
u aoio:-. o"k and died enroute
'' o' Ma: -iarct , hospital at ncar
,JV Haioo.'aui. ind.
I '? 'i oi .0 000 witnessed the
111"" ??
1 -
Clinlon Toms'
Life Like Thai
of Alger Hero
Like that of a Horatio Alger
hero was the life Clinton W. Toms
president of the Liggett Myers
Tobacco Co.. who died in New
York City Saturday at the age of
67.
Born in Hertford, October 2.
1868, Clinton Toms graduated
from the University of North Car
olina in 1899 and obtained a posi
tion as a teacher in the Durham
public schools. In 1894 he be
came superintendent of the Dur
ham schools.
At that time, the late Buck
Duke, tobacco tycoon, was a mem
ber of the school board in Dur
ham. Always on the alert for
capable young men, Mr. Duke
was quick to recognize the ability
of Clinton Toms, and in 1897 he j
was offered and accepted a posi
tion with the old American To
bacco Company, which Duke con
trolled. His rise in the company
from then on was rapid.
When the American Tobacco
Company was dissolved by order
of the Supreme Court in 1911,
Toms was made director and exe
cutive of Liggett & Myers, hold
ing that position until he became I
president of the company in 1928.
Mr. Toms' death resulted from j
heart trouble, which had aggra- ,
vated a chronic bronchial condi- (
tion.
Toms was married in 1891 to ;
Miss Mary Ncwby, of Hertford, j
She died in 1925.
Surviving are five children,
Cilnton W. Toms, Jr., and E. S.
Toms both of Durham; Zach
Toms, Richmond, Va.; Mrs. J. A.
Buchanan and Mrs. J. Harper Er
win. of Durham; one brother, Na
than Toms. Petersburg, Va.. and
three sisters, Mrs. T. S. White,
Mrs. G. E. Newby and Mrs. Char
les W. Morgan, all of Hertford.
Funeral services will be held I
today at 11 a. m. at the home of 1
his daughter, Mrs. Buchanan, in
Durham.
DENNIS MANN FUNERAL
SATURDAY AFTERNOON
Manns Harbor, Aug. 30?Fun- !
eral services for Dennis R. Mann j
of Wiidwood, New Jersey, aged 41.
were conducted at the home of his !
parents here Saturday afternoon,
the Rev. Russell Harrison offici
ating. Interment was made in
the family burying ground.
Mr. Mann, a native of Manns
Harbor, had been employed for
the past ten years by the Wild
wood police department, and for
four years prior to that served as
a member of the U. S. Coast
Guard.
He is survived by his widow,
formerlv Miss Hilda Burfoot of
Elizabeth City; his parents. Mr.
and Mrs. L. it. Mann of Manns
Harbor; two sister, Mrs. Calvin
Beasley of Manns Harbor and
Miss Iva Ma.in of Washington;
and three brothers. Harry Mann
of Oklahoma City. Gaston and
Guy Mann of Manns Harbor.
California
Posses Seek
Two Killers
Yreka. Calif.. Aug. 30?tUP>?
Pov-es today ?-ro searching the
xnith slope of t ie Siskiyou Moun
tain?, in Northeri California for
John and Coko Fight, brothers, who
ire alleged to h ve .slain Deputy
Sheriff Martin uige, 45. Deputy
Sheriif oJe Clark 45. and Jack Sea
born. 45. of Vail." \ in a battle early
today in tlie De > Forests 45 miles
west of Yreka.
The Bright is vrc miners in the
Horse Cre.^k regie
WPA Set For
Removal To
H ill ia ins ton
All will bo a-hus le and a-bustle
.n District One Wi A headciuartcrs
in the Kramer B; ildmg here for
the next three day as the task of
removal to the nc\ district head
quarters in Wiliia: iston is being
carried out.
Th" actual moving does not be
,in until Tuesday, but the WPA
oersonnel will be busily engaged
today in straightening their files
and packing their office supplies,
pajters and equipment.
The Administrative and Em
ployment divisions will leave here ;
01 Wil.iamston on Tuesday niorn
.ng. and the others vitl follow on
Wednesday. The files will go on
trucks, and the clerk-; will follow
the trucks in automobiles. An ef
fort will be made to e:Tect the re
moval so quickly and so efficiently
that the regular routine of the
WPA offices will be but slightly
interrupted.
In Williamson, office space for
the combined headquarters for
WPA Districts One and Two have
>ecn provided by rcnu .deling the j
Id City Hall. The quarters are!
ore or less makeshift
Those WPA employes tranfer- ?
r tig from here to Williainston re
l >rt that rooms are very scarce
t c re. and very high in price. Dur- i
i' : the tobacco marketing season.
'a : .en a swarm of buyers invade (
ri.e town, rooms are at a premium.
.Vhilc it is not known yet just
exactly how many WPA employes
will remain here in the branch
office under the supervision of!
W O. Saunders, it is known that I
*ii number will be small and that
ovc 40 of the 55 District One
WI \ employes will transfer to
Wi. amston.
In did Spanish Prince Rallies
N( v York. Aug. 30.? <UP> ?
Alfor. o de Bourbon, Count Cova
donga. the eldest son of former
King Alfonso XIII of Spain, is ral
lying readily following his second
blood ansfusion in four d-iys, his
physicians announced tonight at
Presbyterian hospital.
The Daily Battle Between
Republicans and Democrats
Washir ton. Aug. 30.?<UP) S^n.
Bennett c. Clark. Democrat. Mis
souri, tor ;?ht accused Gov. Alfred
M. Land .a of "misstatamenu" in
his Buffa.' tax speech, in a r"lease
made pub..-- by the Democratic Na
tional Cor: nittee.
Meanwhile the Republican Na
tional Con. ?ittec, which vest;"day
charged ti a "suppressed" r< >ort
of the R ettlement Admini ra
tion reveal that "Millions of Dol
lars" of gov -i-ment loans to in< ivi
duals never vill be repaid, relc ed
new allegi^.sns regarding 'the
chaotic arv inbusinesslike co; U
tions under: ;ig the administrat.on
of the Rura Itehabilitation Adm.ri
istration."
Clark que ened Landon's sta <?
ment that i> vate industry sp< it
$20,000,000.00' "to cushion the < -
pression aad eep employes wor .
ing."
"The simp: facts," said Clark,
"are that tb; alleged payment of
private indus y was not by any
means all on of-poeket payment
but was moiti pure book-keeping.
"It include ,il sorts of thing J
tueh as depiev ion, had debts, de
I [ 1
pletion. inventory looses and plant
write-downs. Statistics show that
from 1929 to 1932 all non-financial
corporations reduced their surplus
account $15,000,000,000, mainly by
these book-keeping methods, and at
the same time increased their cash
and investments by $3,800,000,000.
So that the great boast to employ
ment which Gov. Land on tries to
make out was merely to keep at
work a few already employed book
keepers and adding machine oper
ators. Instead of using cash and
investments to pay wages they piled
them up in their treasuries.'
The Republican charges regard
ing the Relief Administration were
an elaboration of yesterday's. The
statement quoted from what it de
scribed as a confidential report
made made to Rexford Guy Tug
well, Relief Administrator head,
June 15 by James R. Roads of the
Mail and Files section.
The original charge was that
'notes representing money loaned
by the New Deal in many instances i
have been stolen or mislaid," and
'Continued on page five)
"THE MILITIA NEEDS US"-?So reads this poster displayed in Barcc- I
lona, Spain, to urge Spanish Loyalists to join the militia during the
civil war. As Loyalists seek to stem the onrushing rebel army, Germany
and Russia have banned arm exports to Spain.
Green Postures Rally To
Be The Biggest Political
Convention Held In South
President Roosovcll \S ill
Head List of Democratic
Notables at Charlotte
September 10th
Charlotte, Aug. 31. ? <UP> ?
With a list of guests reading like
a congressional roll, the Green
Pastures Democratic rally sched
uled here September 10 is assum
ing proportions of the biggest po
litical convention in history of the
South.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt,
chief exponent of the New Deal
and the smiling crusader against
what lie terms "economic royal
ists" and "dynastys of wealth."
heads the roster of distinguished
political leaders who have signi
fied intention of attending the
rally.
With the president will come
John J. O Connor, chairman of the
house rules committee; Secretary
of State Cordcll Hull; Secretary
of Commerce Daniel C. Roper;
Senators Hill and Loftin of Flori
da; Bailey and Reynolds of North
Carolina; Gov. J. C. B. Ehring
liaus of North Carolina: Gover
nors Olin S. Johnston of South
Carolina. David Sholtz of Florida.
George Pccry of Virginia, Bibb
Graves of Alabama. Hill McAles
tcr of Tennessee, and a majority
of the congressional delegations
from each state.
Gov. Eugene Talmadgc of Geor
gia will be issued an engraved in
vitation. Haywood Bobbins, chair
man of the rally, said, but doubt
was expressed as to whether he
would accept. Georgia is expected
to be represented by several high
omciais, nowcvcr, including con
gressmen and senators.
Rob'oisn said that since Geor
gia's primary was to be held on
September 9, lie doubted if many
of the state's Democrats would at
tend the rally.
The Green Pastures rally oHicial
activities will get under way with
a luncheon for distinguished vis
itors, at which Cameron Morrison,
former governor of North Caro
lina and one time United States
senator, will preside.
The president's party, coming
direct from Washington, will be
met at the railroad station by an
official reception committee and j
escorted through the flag-draped I
streets to Charlotte's new munici
pal stadium, a distance of approx
imately 25 blocks. There, it i; an
ticipated, the chief executive will
be greeted by at least 50.000 Demo
crats.
GERMANS MOVE OUT
Madrid, Aug. 130.? (UP) ?
I'lie German embassy and
consulate have closed and
moved to the seaport at Ali
cante, il was revealed tonight, j
The diplomatic stalls left j
without any public announce- i
mcnt. Inquiries at the embas
sy, where a few clerks re-1
mained, brought this answer:
'You'll have to inquire at
Alicante." About 00 German
citizens remain in Madrid on
their own responsibility. *
Two Die In
Air Crash at
Yv i lining ion
Wilmington, N. C., Aug. 30 -(UPi
--Sugene' R. Pickard. Jr., 25, of
Wilmington, was killed ,anU Carl N.
Dunn, Jr., 23. local sportsman, seri
ously injured today when the air
plane in which they were flying
crashed into the Atlantic Ocean oil
Wrightsville Beach.
Witnesses said the plan", a Tay
lor Cub Monoplane, was only a few
hundred frcl above the water and
appeared to go into a sideslip spiral
dive a> it attempted to climb.
Pickard sank with Die ship. Dunn
I succeeded in freeing himself from
I the wreckage, attempted to rescue
| Pickard and lo.^t consciousness.
Rescuers put out in a small boat
I and brought Dunn to shore.
It was undetermined who was at
ill? controls of the ship when it
crashed.
Hooper Appointed
U. S. Commissioner I
Appointment as United States
Commissioner has been received by
J. A. Hooper, deputy clerk of the
United States Court, who will begin
to perform the duties of that office
en September 1. The po-t-dating of
the appointment caused federal of
ficers to take a long ride Friday
afternoon, when they brought two
prisoners to Elizabeth City for ar
raignment before the new commis
sioner. only to find that as yet lie
hild merely in embryo.
Rather than retrace their steps
to Williamston, tho officers took
their prisoners, L. W. Lamb and
Ralpii Perry, alleged to have to
have been caught at an illicit still
in Perquimans, to Kitty Hawk
Beach, where they were arraigned
before Commissioner N. W. Dailey.
now spending the summer at the
resort. Perry raised bond, fixed at
$30'). and was released, while Lamb
was returned here and lodged in
the Pasquotank County jail, awaites
ing trial at the criminal term of
Federal Conn which convenes
September 28.
Doufiry Discussed
Al iSiireau Meeting
Columbia, Auk 30?An interest
ins demonstration of culling
chickens by County Agent H. H.
Harris was a feature of the
monthly meeting of the Tyrrell
County Farm Bureau, held in the
courthouse Friday night. After
the demonstration, in which a
good hen and a culled hen were
used as exhibits Q Mr. Harris re
viewed the outlooked for the com
ing poultry season. .
A short talk on the Farmers
Convention which he attended
was made by H. S. Swain, presid
ent of the bureau, who urged that
each member plan to attend the
sessions next year. Four new
members joined .the bureau at the
meeting, Mr. Swain urged
that each Jfrson bring an addi
tional member at the next month
ly meeting,
Roanoke Island
Plans Unusual
Beauty Conlesl
Would Stage a Nationwide
Quest for the Long Lost
Virginia Dare
A beauty contest with a reward
of no less than a trip to Europe
3>'.id a chance to have an audience
with King Edward VIII is planned
for the 350th anniversary celebra
tion of the birth of Virginia Dare
at Roanoke Island next year, ac
cording to Um' current issue of the
CroaUn Courier, news organ of the
men engaged in doing soil erosion
work on the Dare County coast. No
bathing beauty contest, but one in
which entrants coming from all
parts of the country will b-: garbed
in costumes dating from the six
teenth century, is the plan attri
buted to D. Bradford Fearing, secre
tary of the Roanoke Island Histori
cal Association.
The beauty contest event, which
is scheduled as a part of the open
ing ccr.monies of the anniversary
year, is expected to receive the
sponsorship of the American Legion
through Henry L. Stevens, past
national commander of that organi
zation.
'It. . Croxtan Courier, which came
out with its third i.-;>uc on August
23, is printed in tiie conservation
work rs own shop at Camp Wirth,
Roanoke Island, and carries twelve
pages of news on general subjects,
as well as that of particular con
cern to the men housed in camps
on the Island and at Ocracoke,
Rodamlie, Duck, Hatteras, Coin
jock and Manns Harbor.
Trotzky Is Problem
In Oslo and Moscow
Oslo. Norway. Aug. 30.--<UP)?
Norway will ignore Soviet Russia's
demand that Leon Trotzky, exiled
Bolshevist leader, be expelled from
the Scandinavian country, it was
indicated tonight.
"It is beyond my comprehension
that the Soviet government should
write in such manner." Prime
Minister Johan Nygaardsvold told
the United Press. "This govern
ment dealt with the Trotzky case
from the Norwegian viewpoint and
interests, therefore there is noth
ing more to say."
Although the cabinet has not
met to consider the Soviet de
mand, it was regarded as unlikely
that Trotzky would be expelled. It
was believed he would be interned,
probably in some Norwegian fort
ress.
Moscow. Aug. 30.? 'UP)- Con
tinuing its drive against alleged
followers of Leon Trotzky to rid.
the country of elements disloyal
to the regime of Dictator Joseph
Stalin, the government today dis
banded the trade union of educa
tional workers, charging its mem
bership included followers of the
exiled former Soviet leader.
Soviet secret police extended
their campaign to Leningrad and
Archangel, where they arrested a
number of purported Trotzkyists,
while at Kharkovz a resident
named Sueschevikv was arrested
as an alleged Fascist agent.
Police of Brazil
All state military police nre under
the Brazilian army's command.
BURROWS
Stock Markets
Beginning to-morrow, Tues
day. Sept. 1, The DaiJv Inde
pendent will carry a dally New
York stock market report, with
expert comment. Watch for it.
Liquor Slill
Business Aid
For Recorder
Liquor remains responsible for
most of the arrests made by the
Elizabeth City police department
over the week end, a perusal of
the police blotter shows.
Levy Bell, alias "Boll Weevil,"
a Negro, was arrested in the
"Chute" when observed in the act
of selling illicit liquor.
Trim Johnson, 23, Negro, of
Euclid Avenue; Will Fclton, 27,
Negro, and Jimmic Barrington,
47, Negro, of Wecksvillc, were ali
arrested Saturday night by Pa
trolman Pritchard for being drunk
in the "Chute."
Edgar Lane, 38, white, of Hert
ford, was arrested Saturday night
by Officer Spencc for driving his
automobile through the traffic
light at Main and Road streets
when the light was red. He was
ordered to appear in police court
Monday morning.
Piney Banks, Bell Street Neg
ress, reported to police Saturday
night that a colored boy of about
15, wearing blue overalls and a
dark cap, had snatched her purse
from her while she was walking
on South Martin Street. The boy
got away.
Chief Madrin and Officer
Spencc on Sunday arrested Gladys
Boldcn, alias "T" Johnson, Pcrssc
Street Negress, on an assault
charge. She was put in jail.
Spencc on Sunday afternoon ar
rested James Hinton, 13-year-old
Simpson's Ditch Road Negro, for
operating a car while under the
influence of liquor, operating a
car without a driver's permit, and
operating a car without proper
brakes. He was incarcerated in
the county jail.
On Sunday night the police de
partment was notified that a dog
at 403 Pearl Street was having
fits, anti Patrolmen Pritchard and
BasnfSft went to that address and
killed flic dog.
LICENSES SOON DUE
City licenses for 1936-37 will be
due tomorrow, September 1, it
was anounced today by L. E. Skin
ner, Jr., city clerk. A penalty for
delinquency will go into effort af
ter September 15.
15-Year-Old Choirboy
Admits Hammer Murder
Chicago, Aug. 30-iUP)?Roland
Munroe, 15-year-old choirboy who
always "got a big kick out of my
stery stories," today confessed ac
cording to police, the hammer mur
der of Mrs, Agnes Roffeis, 55, a
widow.
Police who arrested the youth
early today, four hours after the ;
widow's body?her head battered I
with a small hammer?was found,
raid- he admitted the slaying calm- I
ly and with a smile on his face.
"I never thought you coppers l
would get me,'' they quoted him. :
As police and Assistant State's At
torney Richard Devine questioned 1
the tall, gangling youth, they secur
ed admission that Munroe and a
group of youthful acquaintances !
had indulged in petty thievery for
more than a year, disposing of their <
loot to "fences." Munroe's haul
from the latest job was $15 in |
jewelry and trinkets.
Mrs. Roffeis lived with Mrs. Anna '
Bailey, another elderly widow, in |
or.e half of a two-flat building. The i:
other flat was not tenanted. Mrs.
Bailey discovered her companions!!
body last night when she return
ed from a shopping tour.
After neighbors reported seeing a
"tall, thin man" in the house dur
ing the evening, and a grocery de
livery boy told police his parcels
were taken at the door by Munroe,
a detective squad went to the
youth's home and called him from
bed.
Taken to the District police sta
tion, he at first denied connection
with the crime but later "decided
to tell us the whole thing," Dcvine
said.
He entered the house on his regu
lar visit for weekly collections for
newspaper deliver}', he said, and
Mrs. Roffels told him she would
like to raise some money by dispos
ing jewelry. When she brought it
out, she tripped and fell.
"Then I got the idea of robbing
her. I grabbed the hammer and
hit her on the head several times.
Then I tied her hands with wire,
took the jewelry and beat it to a
nearby beach where I washed blood
stains from my shirt. Later I went
home.''
\ v' '
Mussolini Says
He Can Muster
8,000,000Men
But II Duce Professes To Desire Peace and
Co-operation; Pope Pius Listens To Fiery
Speech and Was Pleased with Beferences
To Peace.
By Stewart Brown
(Copyright, 1936, by United Press)
Avellino, Italy, Aug. 30.? <UP> ?
Declaring that lie is convinced the
world armament race cannot be
checked Premier Benito Mussolini
boasted to his countrymen and the
world today that Italy stands
ready to mobilize 8,000,000 men
in a few hours.
II Ducc drew an ominous pic
ture of world conditions in a fight
ing speech closing Italy's annual
army maneuvers.
"We do not believe in perpetual
peace," he shouted to his troops
and the assembled pesantry. "but
wc desire to live in peace and co
operation for peace among the
peoples."
Mussolini arrived at Avellino by
motor car with Achilla Staarnce,
secretary General of the Fascist
party. He was preceded by Mar
shal Pietro Bodoglio, conqueror of
Ethiopia.
Peasant and troops cheered anu
sang when II Duce began speak
ing at 6:50 p. m. When he finished
17 minutes later the crowd staged
a tumultuous demonstration which
could not be checked for 10 min
utes.
"This gathering is powerful but
it is only a modest fraction of the
men and means Italy can now
count upon," II Duce said. "1 in
vite Italians to understand this.
Never before have Italy's forces
been so strong, despite the Ethi
opian campaign. Italy in a few
hours can mobilize 8,000.000 men."
Amidst deafening cheers Mus
solini said that Italy's war maneu
vers started and ended with the
troops vibrantly enthusiastic.
"The Fascist state, peasants of
the Irpinia region, makes you
worthy to have the first maneu
vers of the new empire in your
region." II Ducc said.
"Tomorrow in the valley of the
Vollurara and before the King of
Ita'y and Emperor of Ethiopia
more than 6,000 men. 200 tanks,
400 cannon and 3,000 machine
guns will file past.
"The king and emperor will see
a block of men which 14 years of
Fascism have tempered and made
hard.
"Italy's peace, domestic and for
eign, is well guarded. And with
her own peace is guarded that of
the world.
rne armaments race cannot
[ now be checked. Wc do not believe
I in perpetual peace but we-desire
to live in peace and co-operate for
peace among the peoples."
Mussolini deplored the failure
of disarmament conferences, "du
bious po'itical combinations" and
the armaments race they have
engendered.
"Italy must always be strong."
he said. "All life and activities in
Italy will be subordinated to our
prepardness."
Praising "Italy's just war in
Ethiopia," Mussolini said:
"Italy now is able to work for
several decades in Ethiopia. Our
empire was not born on the green
tables of diplomacy but from five
victorious battles which we fought
with the spirit that defeated all
physical difficulties and an al
most universal coalition of na
tions."
"Hare all accounts been set
tled?" II Duce cried near the con
clusion of his speech.
"No," the crowd yelled.
"Have wc gone straight ahead?'*
The throng roared: "Yes."
After his speech II Ducc was
compelled to acknowledge tho
plaudits of the throng 11 times.
While the crowds cheered foreign
military attaches on tho review
ing stand remained stiffly at sa
lute except for officers comprising
the German and Hungarian mili
tary missions.
They abandoned their military
salutes and applauded loudly.
Mussolini appeared to be in f x
ccllent condition. He was well tan
] ncd and wore the tight-fitting uni
form of commander-general of the
Fascist militia. Marshal Eadoglio
was cheered enthusiastically.
Castel Gandolfo, Italy. Aug. 30.
?(UP)? Pope Pius XI today sat
by the radio in the library of his
summer retreat here and listened
! intently to the speech delivered
, by Premier Benito Mussolini upon
? Continued on page eight)
' J . ?
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