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The daily independent. (Elizabeth City, N.C.) 1936-19??, September 07, 1936, Image 1

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tm" "r,M'r-*"wr. ????? ??'-??^-T-?wy ? - -- - - -?;;zr~ ' 1
"?-= the daily'Independent
.... s|u>\vcrs Tuesday ? 1 ~ ~ ^ ' ' ?' ? ? - south over south port.on.
" ri.hiuii*! Kxer, i.? suu.u, bv t?v l'ubi.si.,,,, Co. ELIZABETH CITY, N. C., MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1936. Al,"lic8Uuri ?r *^7" s,>c""dru"SINGLE COPY 5 CENTS
? . * i\ " .it Kliz?b?-tli I'itj. N. ' ? iiaus i tnaing
u.i = i _ . i =
Merciless Spanish
qs llWar INears End;
js Wmlrai Opinion
/i)(U)0 0 Casualties,
\nd J iw I> i JI i o 11
i'niuoi iv Loss
f, .? } i4 J iuninin? Low.
;i?f \!? Trucks
l:i i \itl"" f.ilioiiarv
?. \r t.:?;> ; \ kosa
i?" Pew,)
6 f'J.Pi -The
.. . t Civil War.
. neicnt mtioii
rui I m >ro than
'taJ loss. is now
? dear to ncu
i; 1i the conflict
control of three
L : unit nt troops
? . r. are colonial mer
loyalists arc
i tlons.
Francisco Fran
M and Gonzalo Que
1> LLar made extensive
v for "final" drives on
3 , ("oast. Malaga in the
. > and Madrid in
If successful,
.n'o their hands
: >; am. except Cata
:ra agor forces can
iplined operations
:.\uts 111 numbers
; -.'lis iicid by the
I ? : fighting. loss
It. . a.one totals nearly
I L')>; nation
[ inpicte stop
[ ri commercial and
[ already totals
J.000 pesetas. In Amer
a. losses come to
IS ? 1
joo.ooo casualties esti
|r :: : 'hail 60.000 are
Some quarters estimate
I causes, including
I . . treet fighting, as
00.000 to 100.000. The
battle for Irun added at
'1 to the list of those
c. . a
In CV . 'iiia. adjoining France
I ' ' 1 ;< re is but one
Pcd Front Militia plus
I ii.ti civil guard. All
I* ;i as d.^appeared before
: xecution squards. The
at now is directed
IAragon front with
virtually surrounding
F 1 and driving toward Zara
|gosa on three sides.
From there west to the Portu
? frontier. Spain is in the
except for a nar
idimg tiie Basque coast
'? doubtless will take
eiitur of days since San
j, , :i :".n ; uow untenable, with
- 11 n< raj maice tnc
I their strength.
Pi Correspondents.
I behind the entire
I mare the rebels
I inder arms.
I government
I ly 83.000.
1 no great reserves of
I . munitions, and
I has had to pull
t off tiie land.
I run so low that
I ind ercd auto.
I ines are station
Macir.rl the government
r itions to guar
I ill the food they
I non- ombatant pop
- the rest. The gov
I well, except
a: if green vegetables.
| enough milk to
<:? mands of hospitals
? Families of
< red it chits to buy
I who are under
I the chits and
c municipality
I ? t will pay "when
rant action of the
? be on the San
but the major
I cannot be long
o already are cn
K ites on the Mad
Si"i ra passes and
I Leon Pass.
lively easy stnk
I they feel the
I' ionic.
^eailn-r Slalislics
1. ?s>,'S?t'*u1ber 6. 1036
?ii;> r.?r ure 85
II ' ? ure 55
|j; I'img 30.24
I partly cloudy.
Madi id, Monday. Sept. 7.?
(U H) ? A derisive covcrnmnit
victory in the T a'a vera region
of 'loledo provin-o "eiimimt
in?r the threat of rebel columns
to Toledo and Madrid," was
claimed by the war office to
i While the new cabinet ron
ton rd for eight hours yesler- |
day. the government armies ?
moved forward i n four fronts,
the war niinhtry said.
The n~w na'iontl rrp bfiean ?
(fianls sto'-m guard and mili- ?
lia. who had retrea'ed before .
f'tn. I'miiio Mola's Moors and |
Foreign Fcgionnaires on tiie
ra'arera front, icass-mMed and
surprised the rebels with a
strong counter attack, the war
oiTire said.
Landon Will
Soon Begin
In Earneslj
United Press Stall Correspondent
Topeka. Kan.. Sept. 6.?(U.R)--Gov.
j All M. London's midwestern cam
paign tour which will op n in two
weeks will be featured by hard-hit
| ting speeches on specific issues and
incisive attack* on President Rooee
' velt's administration,
j The Republican presidential can
| did^te regarded earli r campaign
j speeches as aimed to lay the foun
dation for more definite discussions
I of the campaign issues.
| The governors advisors said he
was prepared to follow the same
i type of campaign he wag-d in two
i gubernatorial battles. In those cam
paigns he laid the foundation for
his attack in the early months and
then made a whirlwind finish.
Landon left Topeka for Bonner
| Springs. Kan., to confer with Lacey
; Hayne3. an advi.sor and political
i writer for the Kansas City Star.
Later he boarded a train for Wich
ita. Kan., to deliv.r a Labor Day
address tomorrow before the an
nual state American Legion con
vention. Landon is a Legionnaire,
having been a first lieutenant in the
chemical warfare during the World
Landon will return to Topeka to
begin preparation of several speech- j
es to be delivered on his midwest
em tour to begin about September
This tour will take him to Des
Moines. Iowa. Minneapolis and St.
Paul. Minn., and Milwaukre. Wis.
The Des Moines address is expected
to txeat speciftaaJly of London's
governmental farm philosophy.
The governor will enter half a
? Continued On Page Eight)
on Status
Of Labor]
Swri tary of Says
1,000,000 ?,ic?? ami
Women AoV.ml !<>
1'anks of k:i!>\>r
1hi3 ^ car
Secretary Of Labor
Washington. o i t. t>
Th? United Stat).s i> p u'm-nt of
<alx>r is charged mid-, r the law
reatcd it "lo fosi/.r, promote
ti I develop the we.fare of the 1
vagc t arn rs of the United States.
o in.prove their working condi
1011:; and to advance their oppor
tunities for profltab e employ
in this connection I can report
o the nation's wage earners on
?.he forty-ninth anniversary of
jabor Day that employment ancl
.veekiy pay rol s in private indus
? ry have great y increased since
a year ac:o and that significant
gains have been made in the field
of labor legislation, through the
Walsh-Healey government con
tracts act designed to prevent
government business from going
to sweatshops, the Costello Work
men's Compensation Law. the act
regulating interference with pick
eting. and the Merchant Marine
Approximately 1.000,000 men
and women have been added to
the ranks of workers in private
industry since a year ago and the
amount of money in pay envelopes
has been increased nearly $42.
000.000 in weekly wages. Nearly
5,00.000 more men and women are
engaged today in regular indus
trial employment than at the low
point of the depression in March
1933, and 3,463.000 others are
working on useful emergency jobs
provided by the government.
Building constructed and the
durable goods industries have re
gistered healthy improvement in
the last year. The value of per
mits for residential building
shows a gain of 182 percent with
a 38 percent rise for new non
residential buildings and an in
crease of more than 30 per cent
for additions, alterations and re
pairs. Employment in the dur
able goods industries is 14.8 per-!
cent higher now that was a
year ago and weekly pay rolls
have increased by 32.1 percent.
These industries, which are the i
worst to suffer in p. depression and
the slowest to recover, give every
indication of continuing to rise
through the increased purchasing
power of wage earners and farm
ers and the increased profits of in
dustry and investors.
The Civilian Conservation
Camps and the National Youth
Administration, have done much
in the past year to help young
Americans through a depression
which was not of their making
and about which they could do
nothing. More than half a mil
lion enrolled workers .Are in the
camps today and an equal number
of young people are working or are
being permitted to remain in
school through the help of the
National Youth Administration.
New Deal Faces
Major Pre-Electi on
Tests This Week
Washington. Sept. 6?(U.R)?
Georgia provides the nation this
week with the fourth and last
major pre-election test of New
Deal popularity in the deep south
with the Democratic senatorial
primary Wednesday.
Opponents are Gov. Eugene
Talmadge. who has slightly modi
fled his once complete condem
nation of President Roosevelt, and
Senator Richard B. Russell, Jr.,
ardent administration supporter.
The three previous contests in
, volving New Deal policies were in
I Arkansas, South Carolina, and
i Mississippi. Each returned a
trumping majority in support of
the administration. Arkansas re
nomiated the president's Senate
leader. Joseph T. Robinson: South
Carolina renominated his unof
ficial Senate spokesman. James
F. Byrnes: and Mississippi return
ed his senate finance leader, Pt
Harrison, although the New Deal
j issue was not as clearcut in this
contest as in the others.
In Georgia, as in the other three
I States, the Democratic nomina
tion is tantamout to election. But
! the Talmadge-Russell contest
gives promise of being much clos
1 er than the others.
Talmadge. who employes the
swashbuckling tactics made fam
ous by the late Senator Huey P.
Long, summoned a convention of
' "Constitutional Democrats" at {
Macon early this year with the I
idea of opposing President Roose
velt for rcnomtnation at the Phil
adelphia convention.
Talmadge Tones Down
Subsequently, however, he drop
ped that idea and decided to seek
the Senate seat. He modified his
uncompromising opposition to the
President to the extent of saying:
"I'm for the President when he's
right and against him when he's
wrong." But his campaign has
been a bitter arraignment of New
Deal spending and planning pol
Defeat of Talmaclgc would end
the last serious threat of Demo
cratic rebellion in the South. If
he wins and the Democratic ad
ministration is returned to power.
Talmadge would be installed for a
week term in a job where he could
snap his red suspenders at the
President as a sort of second Hucy
The situation in Mr. Roosevelt's
"other home" State is complicat
ed by the fact that under Georgia
law counties vote as units. Their
electoral votes range from two to
six, according to their representa
tion in the State Legislature. Thus
sparsely settled counties often off
set popular majorities rolled up
in the urban centers, and Tal
? Continued On Page E.ght) '
What Civil War In Spain Does To A City
A typicai scene * om just one of the man war-torn cities .n opa.n i.-'ter the fighting, the pillage and
the burning is over. Thank your stars 'and stripes) that you are not living in Spain.
Albemarle, Sept. 6.?'U.R'?A
iisturbancc believed by local
weather authorities to be a
?light earthquake shook Alhr
marle and its vicinity at 6 p. in.
(EST) tonight.
Police headquarters said the. j
luake, which lasted approxi- j,
tnatcly 90 seconds, did no dam- j
Liquor and Fights _ ;
Fill Court Docket |]
Several week-end liquor law vio_ i (
lations will reach Recorder W. C. t
Morse in this morning's session of ; i
police court with one of them hav- i
lng developed Into an assault case. 1
Ivan Mekins. Parsonage street, :
charged with bring drunk, was the
victim of another matter in which (
Harry Henderson. Hunter street, i
and Margia Trueblood, will face the ;
indictment of assault on Meekins |
with deadly weapons rcpresenfd by ;
a hammer and blackjack. i
Tom Ambroce. 22. of Edenton; i
Mercer Chory. South Martin street; ]
and J. C. Kelly. 26-year-old Shaw- s
boro Negro, will face simple drunk ,<
charges preferred Saturday night, j
Mclvin Voliv.r, 23, of Camden, was j
arraigned on a charge of being ?
drunk and disorderly. i
State Patrolman Gibson picked up :
two men charged with drunken i
driving over the week-end. They
were Will.c Mor e, 35, Duke str ct. [
and Harold Simons. 22. of Maple.
Johnnie "Buck" Johnson, Beech ;
street, is to face an assault charge.
Kiols Mark Celebration
Of Revolt Anniversary J
Warsaw, Sept. 6.?<U.R) ? Anti
Jewish riots and clashes between
Socialists and members of the Na
tional Democratic party, in which
at least one was killed and scores
wounded, featured today's celebra
tions of the 30th anniversary of
the workers' uprising against the
czarist regime in towns formerly
part of Russian Poland.
Most of the trouble occurred
when National Democrats inter
fered in the Socialist demonstra
tions and attacked Jews. They
smashed windows in Jewish shops
and attacked Jewish guests in
cafes. The anniversary celebra
tions were directed by the Social
Because of the indicated heavy 1
docket and the possible hardships
that would be worked by defend- 1
ants having to remain in custody
another day, court officials yester
day decided to forego the Labor
Day recess and hold the regular
morning session.
Drunken Youths Trailed
Girl to Hotel Room and Land
In Hoosegow Saturday Night
ClarriM'c "Flowers" Alcox
In Jail in Default of
8 I,(MM) Bond; Hoy Peter
son Furnishes Bond of
8500; Court Hearing
This Morning.
Clarence "Flowers" Alcox. local
.'oiith, and Albert Roy Peterson, of
3ort. mouth. Va., will face charges
n police court this morning of
forcible trespass and entry as a
?esult of a n arly sensational incid
ent which occurred at the Virginia
Jare Hotel Saturday night.
Alccx and Peterson, both 19.
?amc here last week end after at
tending the Citizens Military Train
ng Camp at Fort Bragg for a.
month. Saturday afternoon and
Saturday night they had been
drinking fr ely.
Going to the Virginia Dare Hotel
they asked one of the porters if
hey had any ' women' 'in the hotel
it the time. The answer was nega
tive, but they continued to loiter
ireund the hotel. After a short
A'hil? a young woman came in and
?ang for the elevator. They fol
lowed her into the elevator and
jot off on the same floor on which
die got off. After she had been
n her room a minute or two. one of
lie youths knocked on the door.
Thinking it was a bell hop knock
ing. tli young woman opened the
door and Alcox boldly walked into
the room.
Willi the memory of the Cleven
ger case and other hotel room
murders fresh in her mind, the
reams woman instinctively scream
ed and reached for the telephone.
Alcox snatched the phone from her
hand, hung up the receiver and
fled from the room. t
The managernient was notified of
the incident immediately, and the
police were called. Acting 011 in
formation from the bell hops and
the young woman's description, pol
ice quickly picked up Alcox and
Peterson . Alcox. in the mean
while had shed a blue sweater
which lie had been wearing when
he entered the girl's room and hid
it in the hotel washroom, evident
ly fearing that it would lead to his
identification. Police found the
Peterson Gives Bond
Alcox and Peterson were taken
to the county jail and locked up for
the night. Peterson's parents came
for him Sunday morning and lie
was released under $500 bond. Al
cox's bond was set at $1,000, and he
was unable to raise bond in that
Police believe Peterson was a
victim of circumstances, since he
was in an advanced state of in
< Continued on page eight)
Quirks In the News
By United Press
Noith Bergen, N. J., Sept. 6.?(U.R)
? Prank Marchesani caught a
mouse in his special box-like trap
containing bait fastened to a sup
porting prop. When he went to
look at it the second time he found
seven mice. Six had just been
Kcyport, N. J.. Sept. 6.?(U.R)?|
Ann Holmes Hampton. Negress.^
who was born in 1831, elebrated
her 105th birthday today with , a
dinner of tea, toast and bacon.
Her great ambition, she said, was
to own "one of those electric ice
Brockton, Mass.. Sept. 6.?(U.R)?
The heating plant at the city jail
is out of order, so when the tem
perature dropped into the 50's last
night, City Marshal Murphy re
leased five drunks. "It's too cold,"
he explained.
Irs. Markham's
Welcome Royal
After Lone Hop
United Press Staff Corresponent
Flody Bennett Airport, N. Y.,
S:pt. 6?(U.R)?Whistles, sirens
and the shout of "Hello, Blondie,"
greeted Mrs. Beryl Markham, 31
Year old English society matron
today as she arrived by plane from
Nova Scotia?first woman to fly
the Atlantic westward alone.
Mrs. Markham arrived in a
plane piloted by Arthur Bussey,
which landed here at 4:16 P. M.
Her own Blue ship is a wreck in
the Nova Scotian swamp where
she landed after she ran out of
Her golden hair whipped in the
breeze as she hopped out of Bus
sey's plane. There were patches
of adhesive tape on her forehead
where she was injured in the forc
ed landing, but she smiled at the
crowd of 8,000. ' "
A welcoming committee rushed
forth to greet the woman who a
lone in a tiny monoplane without
a radio, took off from Abingdon
airdrome England, for a 3,700
mile non-stop flight to New York
City and almost made it.
"I am overwhelmed at this mar
velous reception which I feel I do
not deserve." Mrs. Markham said.
"But I do wish I could have come
here in my own plane."
She was thinking of her Blue
200-horsepower gull which still lay
near the swamp at Baletinc Cove,
its propellor torn off, the motor
broken the left wing smashed and
the landing gear shattered. It
had carried her for 24 hours and
40 minutes.
Everybody shouted as she was
taken to the Cocktail room of the
Administration building. She
turned frequently and waved back.
A few minutes later she was tak
en to Manhattan in a large black
automobile decorated with United
States and British flags. A mo
torcycle escort preceded the car.
Mrs. Markham flew down from
i Continued On Page Eight)
A. M.
8:30 Men's Christian Federa
10:00 County Commissioners
10:30 Pastors Conference at
First Baptist Church
11:00 E. C. H. S. Gridiron
P. M.
1:30 Rotary Club.
4:00 First Baptist W. M. S.
7:30 Kiwanis Jr.. Glee C;ub.
8:00 Pocahontas Lodge: City
Road W. M. S.; First Methodist
Bible Class.: First Baptist Dea
Note; The City Council will
NOT meet tonight, but will hold
its session toinoorow instead.
______________ I
To Parade
Washington, Sept. 7?(U.R) ?
American Trade Unionists tonight
prearrd a solempn observance of
Labor Day tomorrow, cheered by
reports of increased employment
weekly wages but worried over a
fued which was shunted leaders in
to two sudden, angry camps.
Celebration of the 49 annicersary
of the holiday is expected to draw
more than 5,500,000 workers into
parades and large rallies from coast
to coast. They will have before
them a message from Secretary of
Labor Prances Perkins announcing
that 5,500,000 persons havt been rc_
employed by industry, 3,463,000
others given emergency work by ;
the government and weekly wages
increased $42,000,000 since the peak
of the depression in March, 1933.
As they gather, however, two of
their foremost chieftains?Presid
ent William Green of the Ameri- (
can Federation of Labor and John
L. Lewis, head of the Committee
for Industrial Organi (ition?will
take to the country family quarrel
which led to the suspension of 10
powerful C. I. O., Unions from the
Green, speaking at Knoxville.
Tenn., will defend the action of the
F. deration's Executive Council in
suspending the 1.200,000 C. I. O
Unionists who were convicted by
the body of participating in a re
bellion. He did not mention the
split in labor's ranks in a radio ad
dress at Knoxville tonight in which
he praised enactment of the social
security act and urged Congress to
authorize ffderal aid in low cost
housing projects on a national seal'1.
Lewis Goes On Air
The bushy-headed, iron-jawfrd al
fContinued On Page Eight)
French Workers
Demand France
Side With Spain
(Copyright 1936 By United Press)
? Copyright 1936 By United Press*
Paris. Sept. tf.-(U.R)?Workers'
demands that Franc: aid the Mad
rid government and Spanish rebel
charges that the French violated
their agreement not to intervene in
the Spanish civil war today made
Premier Leon Blum decide to state
his case publicly tomorrow.
Blum, head of the French popu
lar front government, announced
unexepectedly that tomorrow he
would speak at fete the Seine So
cialist Federation will hold to cele
brate the anniversary of the found
ing the third French Republic.
Alarmed by continued pressure be
ing brought by Communists to
force France to aid the Medrid
Government, Blum decided he
would, address the nation to explain
his government's position regard
ing Spain.
The rebel radio station at Coruna.
meanwhile, broastcast purported
public statement by the foreign af
fairs committee of the insurgent
provisional government at Burgos
reproach.ng France for alleged vio
lation of neutrality. The French
were accused of aiding the Span
ish Marxists at irun. The loyal
ists vanquished at Irun allegedly
received arms and munitions across
the French frontier.
Necessity for an address to the
people by Blum came to head Sat.
urday when 2,000 Paris Metallurgi
cal Union Delegates voted to halt
-"ork for one hour Monday "To
.'emonstrate solidarity with our
Spanish brethern and the entire
support which we will give our gov
ernment for measures tending . to
lift the embargo wliich strikes at
the Legal Government- of. Spain."
After their meeting the delegates
called on Blum 'arid remained with
him more than an hour. They said
the Premier's answer was:
"Your gesture < plans' for Mon
day's strike) seems to me to bo use
less. You cannot make me change
my mind regarding the conduct
which, I believe, the present cir
cumstances impose on the govern
The unionists decided to conduct
their strike despite Blum's disap
It was believed that in his speech
Monday Blum would strive to pre
? Continued On Page Eight)
No Surrender Of
Says Roosevelt
| In Radio Speech Last
Night the President
Pledged to Con
tinue Spending To
ward Recovery and
Scored 'Shortsight
ed Ones/ Not La
bor, Who Threaten
This Country With
Class Disunison.
Washington. Sept. 7.?(U.Ri?
President Roosevelt in a fireside
chat tonight vigorously defended
the New Deal spending policy,
pledged ccntiued Federal aid to
drought victims and appealed to
business to aid the government :n
reducing unemployment re.i f
The Chief Executive promised
the nation a sound agricultural
policy which would maintain farm
prices in good crop years as well
as in bad ones.
Re-employment in industry, he
said, is proceeding rapidly. Sim
ultaneously, Mr. Roosevelt an
nounced that he was allocating
$2,500,000 to enable the Federal
Employment Service to aid in
finding jobs in private industry
for workers registered with it.
There will be no lessening of
federal efforts under WPA and
PWA and other work relief pro
grams until all workers have "de
cent jobs" at "decent wages" in
private industry, Mr. Roosevelt
"We do not surrender our res
ponsibility to the unemployed."
He criticized "those who fail to
read both the signs of the times
and American history" regarding
the fight of labor to as much re
spect as property. Some, Mr.
Roosevelt added, would try to re
fuse the worker the power to bar
gain collectively.
The Shortsighted ones
"Is is those shortsighted ones,
not labor, who threaten this coun
try with that class dissension
which in other countries has led
to dictatorship and the establish
ment of fear and hatred as the
dominant emotions in human life."
the President said.
Condensed text of Mr. Roose
velt's address follows:
." I have been on a journey of
husbandry. I went primarily to
sec at first-hand conditions in the
drought states; to see how ef
fectively federal and local author
ities are taking care of pressing
problems of relief and also how
they are to work together to de
fend the people of this country
against the effects of future
"I saw drought devastation in
nine states._
"I shall never forget the fields
of wheat so blasted by heat that
they cannot be harvested. I shall
never forget field after field of
corn stunted, earless and stripped
of leaves, for what the sun left the
grasshoppers took. I saw brown
pastures which would not keep a
cow on fifty acres.
"Yet I would not have you think
for a single minute that there is
permanent disaster in these
drought regions, or that the pic
ture I saw meant depbpulatitig
these areas..
Dole Or Work
".first let me taiK ior a minute
about this autumn and the com
ing winter. We have the option,
in the case of families who need
actual subsistence, of putting
them on the dole or putting them
to work. They do not want to go
on the dole and they arc one
thousand percent right. We a
gree, therefore, that we must put
them to work for decent wage. . .
Into this scheme of things there
fit of course the government lend
ing agencies which next year, as
in the past, will help with pro
duction loans,
"Every Governor with whom I
have taiked is in fuU accord with
this program of providing work
for- these farm families just as
every Governor agrees that ll|0
individual states will take care of
their uncmployables, but that the
cost of employing those who are
entirely able and willing to work
must be borne by the Federal Gov
ernment. . .
"We face the question of what
kind of work they should do. Let
make it clear that this is not a
new question because it has al
ready been answered to a greater
or less extent in every one of the
drought communities. Beginning
in 1934, when we also had serious
i drought conditions, the State and
Federal Governments cooperated
1 in planning a large number of
: projects?many of them directly
i aimed at the alleviation of future
I drought conditions. In accord
! "Continued on page eight)

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