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- I r-r. "Let There Be Light : And There Was Light." VOL. I. FAYETTEVILLE, N. C, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1883. NO. 1. rim JL1LUJ o Time's Changes. Tbere vu a child, a Llplct-g child, Full of vain fears and fancieu wild. That often wept, but sometime wailed. Upon iU mother's breast ; Feebly ltd lueanings etainmered out , And tottered tremblingly about. And knew no wider world without Ita little Lome of rit. There was a boy, a light-hearted bey. One whom no trouble could aunoy, Eare some lost sport or shattered toy Forgotten in an hour ; No dark remembrance troubled him, No future fear his path could dinv liut joy before hia eyes would swim. And hope rise like a tower. Tbere was a youth, an ardent youth. Full of high promise, courage, truth, lie knew no acath, he knew no ruth, bave love's awoet wounds alone I He thought but of two soft blue eye, lie sought to gain but beauty'a prize, And sweeter held love's eaddeet sighs, . . Than music's softest tone. There waa a man, a wary man. Whose bosom nursed fall many a plan. For making life's contracted span, A path of gain and gold ; And how to sow and how to reap. And how to swell bis planing heap. And how the wealth acquired to keep Secure within its fold. There was an old, old, gray-haired one, On whom had four-score winters done Their work appointed, and had spun His thro! of lit'o so fin;'. That Bcaroo its thin lino could be seen. And with the slightest touch, I ween, T would be as it had never been. And leave behind no sign. And who were they, these five, whom fate Scorned as strange contrasts to create. That each might in his different state The other s pathway shun 1 tell thee that, that infant vain, That boy, that youth, that man of gain, That gray-beard, who did roads attain Bo various they were one I A Debt of Honor. " For value received, I promise to pay to John Heading the sum of " Marian Lang's lip curled and her face flushed a miserable flush that would have touched any one who loved her ; but her younger sister Rita, who lolled in an easy chair, only said, languidly,- '. WJiat displeases you, Marian ? 'For value received," began Marian again, angrily, aa she threw the promissory note upon the old-fashioned writing-table "yes, that has been mamma's ruling princi ple through life ; and I must say that she has discovered in mauy most ingenious, if not always creditable, ways the fine art of getting the worth of her money. Am I worth the money? I wonder will John Heading think I am worth these notes that mamma has given from time to time ? I wonder how they came here, any way? When I am John jieadjng?a dear wife, would it nqt be well to put on my new barouche under John's orest, the motto, 4 For value received'? Oh, Rita," she cried, suddenly, in an appealing voice, " how could mamma borrow money from that man? How I hate the few luxu ties that we have had lately, now that I have discovered their source ! We who are so poor ought to be ashamed to dress above our, means. ' Big tears fell slowly upon the of fending notes. " Oh, what a blind fool I have been not to have suspected this 1" Quite true, my dear Marian ; you are a fool iq take a trifle so seriously," sajd the lazy voice of Miss Bita. "If cousin John chooses to lend a little of his surplus money to three charming ladies whose circumstances are somewhat straightened " "For shame, Bita!" cried Marian indig nantly. ; "How are we to pay it, I should like to know?" "You do know, my dear Marian; but don't be so emphatio you are, in fact, al most violent. That last most unladylike stamp of the foot quite suggested an earth quake," "Oh, if there could only be an earth quake that would swallow us all up to-geiherl- "Now you are childish, Marian. An earth quake ? No, I thank you ; leave me out of it, please for I have not yet worn my new plush costume. Any way postpone it till after the next promenade concert." If the costume were mine, I would send it with my compliments to cousin John, as you call hi, although I could never make out why; bis money, of course, paid for it" "Give back my brown plush costume! Mam, you are certainly insane. There is the tea belL Let us go down, my much troubled elder sister ; and try to smile upon jouxfuiur for his generosity." : Marian moved away, followed liesurely by Eita ; and in the pleasantly lighted parlor a damy spread little tea table was awaiting them. 1 Mrs. Lang sat already at its head, and 1 ' cousin John, " laying down the eve ning paper, looked up approvingly at Ma rian's flushed cheeks as she entered. Mademoiselle, you" at a brilliant to-nightl' he said, with rather an awkward attempt at a courtly bow. Marian could not force a polite smile, but grimly took her seat ; and her thoughts were none too amiable. "John Reading has an air of proprietor ship, " she thought "However, he is not auite master of the situation yet Mamma's to iv rio means effected. What a red face he has! And such teeth 1 He probably chewed tobacco before ho was rich enough to buy such good segars, as well as a wife. Ob, how hard I feel toward everybody !" Cousin John ate his muffins and admired Marian ; Rita discoursed placidly about va rious topics of the day ; Mrs. Lang, with an occasional anxious glance at her eldest daughter, endeavored to make herself agree able to her guest. Her flattery was most delicate and subtle, and her watchful tact made even the commonplace remarks of John Reading seem almost brilliant. Marian, in spite of tho tenipcst of trouble within, could not but admire her, mother's clever ness. "Yea," she thought, w" mamma ekea out the man's ideas as she does a scanty old silk dress, and makes them nearly bearable. " When, after a most wearisome evening for one, at least, of the quartet that looked so cosy as they sat around the fire, John Read 'rng had gone to his club and the two girls to thoir rooms, Mrs. Lang eat thinking till the embers faded to a sullen glow ; her reflec tions were far from agreeable. "If I have " overrated my influence with Marian," she thought, "if she should refuse John she certainly had a defiant air to night what will become of us ? The neigh bors say he is a hard man ; but that may be from jealousy of his attention to us. I have striven all these years to give the girls a chance to make a good marriage ; and . now, when the hope seems near fulfilment, to have that chilt dare to defeat my plans ! Oh, it is too harassing I Was ever a poor mother so wretched as I ?" she ended, wearily, as she went slowly to her room. Rita was sleeping the sleep of an elastic conscience and an easy, luxury-loving na ture ; while Marian, with her head between her hot hands, was maturing plans which she soon set about carrying into execution. She wrote a tear-blistered letter to her mother, telling her how she had found notes of John Reading's by mistake as she was searching for a bill for indeed mamma must know she had not meant to be dishonorable ; how she was wretched in her present life, with its shams and attempts to keep up a ladylike appearence before a world of people richer than themselves ; now she could not marry John Reading if he asked her, as she knew was expected of him ; so she would go away to a school friend on whose help sho could rely, and try to get some employment. She would save every farthing sho earned, and send it to John Reading to pay the dis graceful debt. "And please, dear mamma," was the be seeching end of this midnight epistle, "do not, by the love you bear for your children which I know has urged you to this false step please do not borrow any more money! I am very sorry for some hard thoughts I have had of you, and already repent he un kind things J said of you in my anger ; and have left Rita all the things of mine of which she can possibly make use I know she has always admired my sealskin jacket When you read this, I shall be on my way to Dale's station. Don't write to urge me to change my mind, for I am fully determined on my present course." Kissing the letter, she put it carefully up on her mother's dressing-table, and then stole back to her room. Between sobs and tears she packed the remnant of her ward robe, and in the dawn of tbe gray autumn day left her home. Her courage rose as she sped along in the train, and morning showed her the beauties of the landscape. Nature brought its never failing balm to the turbulent young soul ; and she was almost cheerful when, late that evening, she arrived at her distination. The station was dimly lighted, and the few lamps flickered with the wind. Marian, in her search for her trunk, stumbled over a queer little bundle sitting on a satchel, and a scared voice came out of the bundle, say ing, "Please you did not hurt me much. Pa pa left me here so long ago, and I am afraid he is gone away I" and the child began to 1 cry. j Marian lfted the little thing and comforted j it with soft cooing words. She kissed the j thin face, and held the child tenderly until j a gentleman came in search of it I "Harry, where are you ?" he called I Here papa, with a kind lady ; I was so afraid you had gone away." " Gone and left my little boy ! That ia hardly likely. Thank the lady, Harry ; i and, madam, accept my" gratitude also for your goodness. I was detained by some con fusion as to my baggage. Can I be of any service to you ?" f " No, thank you," replied Marion. Then, as the gentleman disappeared in th.e darkness, and Marian trudged along, fol lowed by the boy who bore her trunk, .she rather regretted her refusal of assistance, for the stranger's face had interested her. Marian's school friend, Janet Lauriston, had married soon after leaving Mount Edge combe, where the two girls had grown very fond of each other, and had often written to Marian asking her to come to her, to admire her husband, her new house, and all the do lights of a young wife. Unfortunately, at the time of Marian's sudden departure from her mother. Mrs. Lauriston had gone on a few days' visit to her relatives. So, when the traveller arrived, expecting a hearty wel come, she found only a dull-faced servant to receive her. Nevertheless the servant showed her to her room, and left her a prey to the most melancholy reflections, Mrs. Lauriston would be home in three days, Bridget had said ; but three days seem ed a century to Marian, who, at last, to keep from crying outright, set to work to empty her trunk. Lifting the lid, instead of her own familiar belongings, she saw be fore her a segar case, a pile of snowy shirts, an embroidered smoking-cap, and in one end the little socks, collars and Buits of a boy. Marian started while she mechanically lif t ed the masculine effects one by one, until a pile of letters suddenly rciniuded her that sho was an intruder, and she hastly put the things back with womanly precision, tender ly smoothing the child's coats, and thinking a photograph of a lady that lay among them one of the prettiest she had ever seen. Then its likeness to the thin little face of the child at the station struck her, and it all flashed into her head at once. This trunk must be long to the gentleman with tho nice eyes, and, notwithstanding her depression, sho broke into a merry laugh as she thought of his astonishment when he should find petticoats, slippers, milks, eto., instead of his own well known garments. The laugh however, ended in a despairing thought in respect of her own predicament. What was sho to do without all those sensible, useful things she had selected with such care? " After alL " she thought, "D.de's station is not a very largo place ; and I will send that brilliant looking maid early to-morrow morning to ransack one part of it for a man and a boy, while I myself will search tho other." After an early breakfast nud interview with the servant, to whom she explained her di lemma, Marian set forth with determination; but, as she turned the corner of the street she saw the gentleman whom she was seek ing coming toward her. Oh, " she cried, " you must be tho gentle man I want!" "And you," he said, smiling down on her and interrupting her, "you must bo the lady I want. I have come to throw myself on your mercy, and hope that you have not boen seriously inconvenienced by my mis- ; take." "Oh, no!" cried Marian, forgetting some how all her troubles in the presence of this comparative stranger. "But your son did j he not need some of those dear little things?" "The poor child is ill to-day, I am sorry to say, and has spoken several times of the kind lady at the station. " "Oh, how I should like to go to see him!" said Marian, impulsively. Then, conven tionality asserting itself, she added, ?,But I beg your pardon ; perhaps -" "Vbur offer I accept as frankly as it was made ; beside, I know already that you are alone in your friend's house. The lady with whom I am stopping is an acquaintance of Mrs. Lauriston's ; and Bridget has, even at this early hour, made you and your dilemma a subject of gossip with my friend's servant. We had no difficulty in drawing conclusions as to your identity. Will you kindly come at once? And in the meantime I will see to the restoration of your property." This was but the beginning of a series of little courtesies exchanged between Mr. Hartley and Marian Lang. Under various pretexts he sought her society ; and, when Mrs. Lauriston returned, she was surprised to find two persons chatting comfortably to gether in her drawing-room. She kissed Marian, who introduced her to Mr. Hartley, and told her of her visits to his little son. "But indeed," broke in Mr. Hartley, laughing, "I can no longer pose in the char acter of a devoted father; Harry is my nephew, and not as Miss Marian has insisted all along, my son." "But the photograph of the lady in youx trunk ? Surely she is your wife ?" "She was a dearly loved sister who died a year ago and left her delicate little son to my sole care. I have brought him with me here for change of air and scene." Marian's face had during this explanation grown terribly red, which she would have given worlds to prevent; and, when Mr. Hartley looked at her with a meaning she could scarcely understand, she turned sud denly pale, and would have fallen but that he held out his arm to support her. "The poor darling is over tired," cried Mrs. Lauriston, sympathetically. "I will call Charles to help her up to her room, and she shall be made to go to bed at once." But before Charles could be found, Mr. Hartley had kissed Marian, and begged that she would not send him away because he had loved her so short a time. . "I think I must have loved you from the first" sue said, simply. "But I must tell you how bad I am. I have run away from mamma and John Reading." "John Biding," cried Mr. Hartley, "the scamp who is a notorious land-shark, and trying this very minute to cheat me out of the very prettiest bit of property in the world ! What claim can he have upon my Marian?" "We owe him money," said Marian, with downcast eyes. " Very well, my darling ; we will promplty pay him, and be married with clear coi sciences as soon as the law allows." Tlae jrecreant CharJfS having at last been discovered, Mrs. Lauriston on coming to take the tired guest to bed, found her rest ing happily against Mr. Hartley's shoulder. UTILITY OP WINDMILLS After the inventors have been bothering their heads to discover means to store elec tricity in economical and practical form, it seems, we are to go back to first principles, the windmills, for power. It is suggested that upon the flat roofs of many manufacto ries aud stores there could be erected any number of windmills of say twelve feot in diameter. Each wheel should be connected with an air pump, and each pump could con nect with a common large reservoir. When ever the wind blew from any direction what ever the pumps would work and the storage of compressed air in the reservoir would progress. A stiff breeze could be made to lay up enough power to last through a calm, and this power could be utilized as, dashed by i means of the ordinary compressed air cn- j gine. There may be some usefulness for the j prairie gale, and the windmill may come j again into use for something besides pump. ! ing water for the cattle. ; THE DAIRY IXDliSTltY. Some idea of the proportions to which the daily industry has attained in this country can be gained by the figures published by an agricultural association. These figures show that there were 10,053 5G2 gallons of milk sold in this country in 1882, also 935, 571 gallons of cream, G76.000 pounds of r cheese, and 810,837 pounds of butter. Tho increase of this yea 's production over that of last year is at least 20 per cent, up to the present time, and the balance of the year will undoubtedly keep up the proportion. At least 8 per cent, of this yoar's increase is due to the prevailing wet weather, which kept the pastures in such excellent condition. MUST HAVE BEEN GOLIATH. Hon. J. H. Hainly, a well-known and re liable citizen of Barnard, Mo., writes to the fejt. Joseph Gazette the particulars of the dis covery of a giant skeleton four miles south west of that place. A farmer named John W. ITannon found the bones protruding from the bank of a ravine that has been cut by the action of tho rains during the past years. Mr. Haunon worked several days in unearthing the skeleton, which proved to bo that of a human being, whose height was twelve feet The head through the temple was twelve inches; from the lower part of the skull at the back was fifteen niches, and ,the circumference forty inches. The ribs were nearly four feet long and one and three quarter inches wide. The thigh bones were thirty inches long and large in proportion. When the earth was removed the ribs stood up high enough to enable a man to crawl in and explore the interior of the skeleton, turn around and come out with ease. The first joint of the great toe, above the nail, was three inches long, and the entire foot eigh teen inches in length. The skeleton lay on its face, twenty feet below the surface of the ground, and the toes were imbedded in the earth, indicating that the body either fell or was placed there when the ground was soft. The left arm was passed around backward, the hand resting on tho spinal column, while the right arm was stretched out to the front and right Some of the bones crumbled on exposure to the air, but many good speci mens were preserved and are now on ex hibition at Barnard. Medical men are much interested. The skeleton is generally pro nounced a valuable relic of the prehistoric race. A RIVAL. QF O.TJINIXE DISCOVERED. German medical journals discuss a new medical agent lately discovered by Prof. Fischer of Munich. In the course of a long series of investigations concerning the nature and action of quinine, he found that ' by means of a succession of chemical transfor mations a substance can be obtained, in the form of a white crystal powder, from coal tar, which greatly resembles quinine in its action on the human organism. Fischer has given it the name of "kairin." The chief effect produced by it as yet observed, is the rapid diminution of fever heat and its efficiency in this respect is described as re markable. It is believed that it will render the use of ice in fever eases unnecessary; and that its skillful employment will enable the physician to moderate the temperature of the patient Kairin is also reported to have less incon venience for the stomach than quinine. But observation does not show m yet at least that it possesses that tonic and restorative in fluence for which quinine is so frequently administered. Perhaps from a chemical and physiological point of view, the most valuable thing about the new discovery is that it seems to bring us nearer to finding out the chemi cal nature of quinine itself, and the true character of its agency. The discovery has been patented, and a manufactory of kairin established, under the direction of Prof. Laubenheitner of Glossen. But as it is said that the cost of producing a kilo gram (about 35 oz. ) of the new agent is 15, it will be some time before its patrons can hope to see it take the place of quinine in practical pharmacy USE OP SALT. We have received from a correspondent, says the London Lancet, a letter making some inquiries into the use of salt,' and we am given to understand that among other follies of tho day some indiscreet persons are objecting to the use of salt, and propose to do without it. Nothing could bo more ab surd. Common salt is the niost widely dis tributed substance in the body ; it exists in every fluid and in every solid, and not only is it everywhere present,' but in almost every part it constitutes the largest portion of the ash when any tissue is burned. In particu lar, it is a constant constituent of the blood, and it maintains in it a proportion that is almost wholly independent of .the, quantity that is consumed with the food. The blood will take up so much and no more, however much we may take with our food ; and on the other hand, if none be given, the blood parts with its natural quantity slowly and unwillingly. Under ordinary circumstances a healthy man loses daily about twelve j grains by one channel or the other, and if he ! is to maintain his health, that quantity must j be introduced. Com uion salt is of immense ! importance in the processes ministering to ' the nutrition of the body, for not only is it ' the chief salt in the gastric jnice, and essen tiul for the formation of bile, and may hence Le ressonbly regarded as of high value in digestion, tut it is an important agent in promoting the processes of diffusion, and therefore of absorption. Direct experiment has shown that it promotes tho decomposi tion of albumen in the body, acting prob ably by increasing the activity of the trans mission of fluids from cell to cell. Nothing can demonstrate its value better than the fact that if albumen without salt is intro duced into the intestines of an animal, no portion of it is absorbed, while it all quickly disappears if salt be added. If any furthei evidence wore required it would bo found in the powerful instinct wh'ch impels animals to obtain salt. Buffalos will travel for miles to reach a " salt-lick ;" and the value of salt iu improving the nutrition and the aspect of horses and cattle is well known to every farmer. The popular notion that the use of salt prevents the development of worms iu the intestines, has a foundation in fact, for salt is fatal to the small thread worms, and prevents their reproduction by improving the general tone and the charac ter of tho secretions of the alimentary canal The conclusion, therefore, is obvious that salt, being wholesome, and indeed necessary, should be taken in moderate quantities, and nbslention from it is likely to be injurious. THROWING THE HATCHET. In the fourteenth century, jtfie situation of public executioner of the ity of Florence became vacant; and as it l was a placa of considerable emolument thjbre were three candidates. The first canjjUdate, with a knife, oleverly separated the head of the victim from his shoulders. ,113 was outdone by the rapid stroke of the second, whose broadsword struck terror in the tearts of the surrounding multitude. The third, and least promising, held in his hand a short hatchet, and when the victim was extended with his head on the fatal block, approached iim, and in a low whisper inquired if he was a swift runner, and if he could swim "well? On being answered in the affirmative, he de sired him to spring on his feet aud cross the river. The executioner then, putting, on a fierce look, swung his weapon round his head, but instead of making it descend on the devoted creatures neck, struck it with great force into the block ! Shouts of ex ecration rose from the crowd, and the trem bling wretch, astonished at his wonderful es cape, had nearly gained the opposite bank of the river before any steps were taken to pursue him. He had scarcely, however, gone ten yards on dry land, when the execu tioner, taiking steady aim, threw his hatchet vnth such effect, that the body continued running some time after the head was off ! From this rather improbable incident, tho common phrase of throwing the hatchet ia said to bo derived, FRENCH NAVAL CATS. The most humble of the civil function aries of the French Bepublic are the naval cats. There are some hundreds of them, and their importance is duly recognized by the -State, which supports them in such com fort and dignity as befits their official posi tion. The French naval oat enters ; the ser vice in his kittenbood, and spends the first year or two of his active career on board a man-of-war, where he is berthed in tho hold and permitted to devour whatever he can catch. Having thus pa S3d through appren ticeship, he is sent ashore and quartered at one of the five naval ports as a terror to the rats and mice that swarm in the victualing yard and store sheds. Ho is then entitled to an allowance of five centimes a day, and this sum is regularly paid on his behalf to the director of cats, who lays it out in horse flesh for the use of his forces. It is stated that a gun for splitting logs is being made at a foundry in Marysville, Cal. It is to be charged with a half-pound of powder, and then screwed into the end of a log and fired by means of a fuse. Log-gun' of similar pattern aie now in use intAustralio. Scientific. M. Pasteur Is strongly inclined to believe that the plague which has' caused so many deaths in Egypt is produced by some species of microzyme. As yet he bases lm opinion upon theory, because no one "has discovered the supposed germ of the disease? The proba bility is, however that the theory will be con firmed before long. Many very eminent men are aud have been devoting their attention for some time to this subject of cholera origin, and good results may be expected. The Jate intelligent engineer, Mr. Holley, believed it t certain . that perfect welds ore made by meaus of perfect contact due to fusion, and that nearly perfect welds are made by means of such contact as may bo got by partial fusion in a nou-oxidizius at mosphero, or by mechanical flitting of 'sur faceswhatever the composition of tho iron may be within all known limits ; but, while high temperature is thus the cause of that mobility which promotes 'welding it is also, remarks Mr. Holley, the cause, in an oxi dizing atmosphere, of that "burning" which injures both the weld and the iron. The improvement made by M.' Kaba'th in the construction of tlectric "accumulators ia claimed to meet the important desideratum of increasing the active surface of the plates, without proportionally adding to their weight it being at the surface and over a relatively slight thickness tha are produced those reactions which give rise to the second nry current. To proFJS this greater extent of surface, the plan restarted f' to, w that of making each plate consist of eighty or ono hundred thin strips, alternately corrugated find flat, these being bound together so as to allow a free circulation of the liquid used, aud thus insure the increased effect aunedl at '! The proposed method of compi'essing hard steel, known as tho Lau process, has, been' applied on a scale "of sufficient extent in . France, to test its value, and with favorable, results. According to this system, the niolten t metal is submitted to the action of , a" hy , draulic press capable of exerting a "pressure of from about 15,000 to 22,000 pounds per square inch, the pressure being kept up' until the ingot has solidified and cooled. It ap pears that numerous analyses, made with a view of ascertaining the quantity of carbon, show the interesting fact that the quantity of combined carbon, in proportion to the tctal quantity of carbon, is greater in tho compressed than in the ordinary steel. The plan of obtaining a temperature higher than that of the boiling of water or of oil, by the use of a sand-bath, has been the usual re-' sort on the part of chemists. As this method, however, has its drawbacks or deficiencies, sand being a very bad conductor of heat a German chemist has proposed as a substitute, the employment of pounded fragments of graphite; these have the property of letting the heat pass much better, do not oxidize, and have no soiling effect on the enclosing vessel. UEUetrioiU admits the advantages presented by this mode to electricians who ' have to make researches in thermo-electricity, adding that small shot of iron would servo ' nearly the same purpose " .- Greenheart timber, in its natural state, is now the only wood in use' fox harbor works that is considered proof against the attacks of marine creatures and those of the white ant in tropical countries. The advantage thus possessed by the wood in question is due to its great hardiness and to the presence of a large quantity of essential oil. It is na tive to Demerara, is very hard and durable, weighs about seventy-five pounds to the cubic foot and has a specific gravity of 1.089, so that it is a little heavier thAu water. Great caro is required in working it, as it ia very liable to split ; thuv iu sawing, ' it is necessary that all "the logs be bound tightly vith chains, failing whioh precaution the log would break up into splinters, and be very apt to injure those working upon it Some French alloys of an intesesting char acter have been described in the 1 Re cue In dattrielle. Scrap iron and iron turnings and filing.), or iron sponge "coarsely pulverized, are mixed with minerals "containing man ganese,' tungsten, titanium vor silicium, also pulverized, in suitable proportions, , and moistened u'Tiformerly and Completely with an amiuonical or an acid solution, after which the ' mass is compressed in moulds. Great evolution of heat takes place, and in a few years a hard, compact mass results, which is broken into fragments with a sledge. Theso fragments do not disintegrate at the temperature of melting iron ; they aro need in a peculiarly constructed high fur nace, and, when reduced, yield excellent alloys. The degree of temperature required to obtain the results aimed at is very high. The President and party have passed' Wind rer, but the correspondents, jmlging from their inflated dispatches, still linger on its shores. - . Mother, why are angels always little boys and never little girls?" The mother, after long reflection "To avoid scandals in Para diae, aay child 1" . V ' J i '4."-."-"