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The sun. (Fayetteville, N.C.) 1883-188?, September 26, 1883, Image 1

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"Let There Be Light : And There Was Light."
VOL. I.
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1883.
NO. 1.
rim
JL1LUJ
o
Time's Changes.
Tbere vu a child, a Llplct-g child,
Full of vain fears and fancieu wild.
That often wept, but sometime wailed.
Upon iU mother's breast ;
Feebly ltd lueanings etainmered out ,
And tottered tremblingly about.
And knew no wider world without
Ita little Lome of rit.
There was a boy, a light-hearted bey.
One whom no trouble could aunoy,
Eare some lost sport or shattered toy
Forgotten in an hour ;
No dark remembrance troubled him,
No future fear his path could dinv
liut joy before hia eyes would swim.
And hope rise like a tower.
Tbere was a youth, an ardent youth.
Full of high promise, courage, truth,
lie knew no acath, he knew no ruth,
bave love's awoet wounds alone I
He thought but of two soft blue eye,
lie sought to gain but beauty'a prize,
And sweeter held love's eaddeet sighs,
. . Than music's softest tone.
There waa a man, a wary man.
Whose bosom nursed fall many a plan.
For making life's contracted span,
A path of gain and gold ;
And how to sow and how to reap.
And how to swell bis planing heap.
And how the wealth acquired to keep
Secure within its fold.
There was an old, old, gray-haired one,
On whom had four-score winters done
Their work appointed, and had spun
His thro! of lit'o so fin;'.
That Bcaroo its thin lino could be seen.
And with the slightest touch, I ween,
T would be as it had never been.
And leave behind no sign.
And who were they, these five, whom fate
Scorned as strange contrasts to create.
That each might in his different state
The other s pathway shun
1 tell thee that, that infant vain,
That boy, that youth, that man of gain,
That gray-beard, who did roads attain
Bo various they were one I
A Debt of Honor.
" For value received, I promise to pay to
John Heading the sum of " Marian Lang's
lip curled and her face flushed a miserable
flush that would have touched any one who
loved her ; but her younger sister Rita, who
lolled in an easy chair, only said, languidly,-
'. WJiat displeases you, Marian ?
'For value received," began Marian
again, angrily, aa she threw the promissory
note upon the old-fashioned writing-table
"yes, that has been mamma's ruling princi
ple through life ; and I must say that she
has discovered in mauy most ingenious, if
not always creditable, ways the fine art of
getting the worth of her money. Am I worth
the money? I wonder will John Heading
think I am worth these notes that mamma
has given from time to time ? I wonder how
they came here, any way? When I am John
jieadjng?a dear wife, would it nqt be well to
put on my new barouche under John's orest,
the motto, 4 For value received'? Oh,
Rita," she cried, suddenly, in an appealing
voice, " how could mamma borrow money
from that man? How I hate the few luxu
ties that we have had lately, now that I have
discovered their source ! We who are so poor
ought to be ashamed to dress above our,
means. ' Big tears fell slowly upon the of
fending notes. " Oh, what a blind fool I
have been not to have suspected this 1"
Quite true, my dear Marian ; you are a
fool iq take a trifle so seriously," sajd the
lazy voice of Miss Bita. "If cousin John
chooses to lend a little of his surplus money
to three charming ladies whose circumstances
are somewhat straightened "
"For shame, Bita!" cried Marian indig
nantly. ; "How are we to pay it, I should
like to know?"
"You do know, my dear Marian; but
don't be so emphatio you are, in fact, al
most violent. That last most unladylike
stamp of the foot quite suggested an earth
quake," "Oh, if there could only be an earth
quake that would swallow us all up to-geiherl-
"Now you are childish, Marian. An earth
quake ? No, I thank you ; leave me out of
it, please for I have not yet worn my new
plush costume. Any way postpone it till
after the next promenade concert."
If the costume were mine, I would send
it with my compliments to cousin John, as
you call hi, although I could never make
out why; bis money, of course, paid for
it"
"Give back my brown plush costume!
Mam, you are certainly insane. There is
the tea belL Let us go down, my much
troubled elder sister ; and try to smile upon
jouxfuiur for his generosity."
: Marian moved away, followed liesurely by
Eita ; and in the pleasantly lighted parlor a
damy spread little tea table was awaiting
them. 1 Mrs. Lang sat already at its head,
and 1 ' cousin John, " laying down the eve
ning paper, looked up approvingly at Ma
rian's flushed cheeks as she entered.
Mademoiselle, you" at a brilliant to-nightl'
he said, with rather an awkward attempt at
a courtly bow.
Marian could not force a polite smile, but
grimly took her seat ; and her thoughts were
none too amiable.
"John Reading has an air of proprietor
ship, " she thought "However, he is not
auite master of the situation yet Mamma's
to iv rio means effected. What a red
face he has! And such teeth 1 He probably
chewed tobacco before ho was rich enough
to buy such good segars, as well as a wife.
Ob, how hard I feel toward everybody !"
Cousin John ate his muffins and admired
Marian ; Rita discoursed placidly about va
rious topics of the day ; Mrs. Lang, with an
occasional anxious glance at her eldest
daughter, endeavored to make herself agree
able to her guest. Her flattery was most
delicate and subtle, and her watchful tact
made even the commonplace remarks of
John Reading seem almost brilliant. Marian,
in spite of tho tenipcst of trouble within,
could not but admire her, mother's clever
ness. "Yea," she thought, w" mamma ekea out
the man's ideas as she does a scanty old silk
dress, and makes them nearly bearable. "
When, after a most wearisome evening for
one, at least, of the quartet that looked so
cosy as they sat around the fire, John Read
'rng had gone to his club and the two girls to
thoir rooms, Mrs. Lang eat thinking till the
embers faded to a sullen glow ; her reflec
tions were far from agreeable.
"If I have " overrated my influence with
Marian," she thought, "if she should refuse
John she certainly had a defiant air to
night what will become of us ? The neigh
bors say he is a hard man ; but that may be
from jealousy of his attention to us. I have
striven all these years to give the girls a
chance to make a good marriage ; and . now,
when the hope seems near fulfilment, to have
that chilt dare to defeat my plans ! Oh, it is
too harassing I Was ever a poor mother so
wretched as I ?" she ended, wearily, as she
went slowly to her room.
Rita was sleeping the sleep of an elastic
conscience and an easy, luxury-loving na
ture ; while Marian, with her head between
her hot hands, was maturing plans which
she soon set about carrying into execution.
She wrote a tear-blistered letter to her
mother, telling her how she had found notes
of John Reading's by mistake as she was
searching for a bill for indeed mamma must
know she had not meant to be dishonorable ;
how she was wretched in her present life,
with its shams and attempts to keep up a
ladylike appearence before a world of people
richer than themselves ; now she could not
marry John Reading if he asked her, as she
knew was expected of him ; so she would go
away to a school friend on whose help sho
could rely, and try to get some employment.
She would save every farthing sho earned,
and send it to John Reading to pay the dis
graceful debt.
"And please, dear mamma," was the be
seeching end of this midnight epistle, "do
not, by the love you bear for your children
which I know has urged you to this false
step please do not borrow any more money!
I am very sorry for some hard thoughts I
have had of you, and already repent he un
kind things J said of you in my anger ; and
have left Rita all the things of mine of
which she can possibly make use I know
she has always admired my sealskin jacket
When you read this, I shall be on my way to
Dale's station. Don't write to urge me to
change my mind, for I am fully determined
on my present course."
Kissing the letter, she put it carefully up
on her mother's dressing-table, and then
stole back to her room. Between sobs and
tears she packed the remnant of her ward
robe, and in the dawn of tbe gray autumn
day left her home.
Her courage rose as she sped along in the
train, and morning showed her the beauties
of the landscape. Nature brought its never
failing balm to the turbulent young soul ;
and she was almost cheerful when, late that
evening, she arrived at her distination.
The station was dimly lighted, and the
few lamps flickered with the wind. Marian,
in her search for her trunk, stumbled over a
queer little bundle sitting on a satchel, and
a scared voice came out of the bundle, say
ing, "Please you did not hurt me much. Pa
pa left me here so long ago, and I am afraid
he is gone away I" and the child began to 1
cry. j
Marian lfted the little thing and comforted j
it with soft cooing words. She kissed the j
thin face, and held the child tenderly until j
a gentleman came in search of it I
"Harry, where are you ?" he called I
Here papa, with a kind lady ; I was so
afraid you had gone away."
" Gone and left my little boy ! That ia
hardly likely. Thank the lady, Harry ; i
and, madam, accept my" gratitude also for
your goodness. I was detained by some con
fusion as to my baggage. Can I be of any
service to you ?" f
" No, thank you," replied Marion.
Then, as the gentleman disappeared in th.e
darkness, and Marian trudged along, fol
lowed by the boy who bore her trunk, .she
rather regretted her refusal of assistance, for
the stranger's face had interested her.
Marian's school friend, Janet Lauriston,
had married soon after leaving Mount Edge
combe, where the two girls had grown very
fond of each other, and had often written to
Marian asking her to come to her, to admire
her husband, her new house, and all the do
lights of a young wife. Unfortunately, at
the time of Marian's sudden departure from
her mother. Mrs. Lauriston had gone on a
few days' visit to her relatives. So, when
the traveller arrived, expecting a hearty wel
come, she found only a dull-faced servant
to receive her. Nevertheless the servant
showed her to her room, and left her a prey
to the most melancholy reflections,
Mrs. Lauriston would be home in three
days, Bridget had said ; but three days seem
ed a century to Marian, who, at last, to
keep from crying outright, set to work to
empty her trunk. Lifting the lid, instead
of her own familiar belongings, she saw be
fore her a segar case, a pile of snowy shirts,
an embroidered smoking-cap, and in one
end the little socks, collars and Buits of a
boy.
Marian started while she mechanically lif t
ed the masculine effects one by one, until a
pile of letters suddenly rciniuded her that
sho was an intruder, and she hastly put the
things back with womanly precision, tender
ly smoothing the child's coats, and thinking
a photograph of a lady that lay among them
one of the prettiest she had ever seen. Then
its likeness to the thin little face of the child
at the station struck her, and it all flashed
into her head at once. This trunk must be
long to the gentleman with tho nice eyes,
and, notwithstanding her depression, sho
broke into a merry laugh as she thought
of his astonishment when he should find
petticoats, slippers, milks, eto., instead of
his own well known garments. The laugh
however, ended in a despairing thought in
respect of her own predicament. What was
sho to do without all those sensible, useful
things she had selected with such care?
" After alL " she thought, "D.de's station
is not a very largo place ; and I will send
that brilliant looking maid early to-morrow
morning to ransack one part of it for a man
and a boy, while I myself will search tho
other."
After an early breakfast nud interview with
the servant, to whom she explained her di
lemma, Marian set forth with determination;
but, as she turned the corner of the street
she saw the gentleman whom she was seek
ing coming toward her.
Oh, " she cried, " you must be tho gentle
man I want!"
"And you," he said, smiling down on her
and interrupting her, "you must bo the lady
I want. I have come to throw myself on
your mercy, and hope that you have not
boen seriously inconvenienced by my mis- ;
take."
"Oh, no!" cried Marian, forgetting some
how all her troubles in the presence of this
comparative stranger. "But your son did j
he not need some of those dear little things?"
"The poor child is ill to-day, I am sorry
to say, and has spoken several times of the
kind lady at the station. "
"Oh, how I should like to go to see him!"
said Marian, impulsively. Then, conven
tionality asserting itself, she added, ?,But I
beg your pardon ; perhaps -"
"Vbur offer I accept as frankly as it was
made ; beside, I know already that you are
alone in your friend's house. The lady with
whom I am stopping is an acquaintance of
Mrs. Lauriston's ; and Bridget has, even at
this early hour, made you and your dilemma
a subject of gossip with my friend's servant.
We had no difficulty in drawing conclusions
as to your identity. Will you kindly come
at once? And in the meantime I will see to
the restoration of your property."
This was but the beginning of a series of
little courtesies exchanged between Mr.
Hartley and Marian Lang. Under various
pretexts he sought her society ; and, when
Mrs. Lauriston returned, she was surprised
to find two persons chatting comfortably to
gether in her drawing-room. She kissed
Marian, who introduced her to Mr. Hartley,
and told her of her visits to his little son.
"But indeed," broke in Mr. Hartley,
laughing, "I can no longer pose in the char
acter of a devoted father; Harry is my
nephew, and not as Miss Marian has insisted
all along, my son."
"But the photograph of the lady in youx
trunk ? Surely she is your wife ?"
"She was a dearly loved sister who died a
year ago and left her delicate little son to my
sole care. I have brought him with me here
for change of air and scene."
Marian's face had during this explanation
grown terribly red, which she would have
given worlds to prevent; and, when Mr.
Hartley looked at her with a meaning she
could scarcely understand, she turned sud
denly pale, and would have fallen but that
he held out his arm to support her.
"The poor darling is over tired," cried
Mrs. Lauriston, sympathetically. "I will
call Charles to help her up to her room, and
she shall be made to go to bed at once."
But before Charles could be found, Mr.
Hartley had kissed Marian, and begged that
she would not send him away because he had
loved her so short a time. .
"I think I must have loved you from the
first" sue said, simply. "But I must tell
you how bad I am. I have run away from
mamma and John Reading."
"John Biding," cried Mr. Hartley, "the
scamp who is a notorious land-shark, and
trying this very minute to cheat me out of
the very prettiest bit of property in the
world ! What claim can he have upon my
Marian?"
"We owe him money," said Marian, with
downcast eyes.
" Very well, my darling ; we will promplty
pay him, and be married with clear coi
sciences as soon as the law allows."
Tlae jrecreant CharJfS having at last been
discovered, Mrs. Lauriston on coming to
take the tired guest to bed, found her rest
ing happily against Mr. Hartley's shoulder.
UTILITY OP WINDMILLS
After the inventors have been bothering
their heads to discover means to store elec
tricity in economical and practical form, it
seems, we are to go back to first principles,
the windmills, for power. It is suggested
that upon the flat roofs of many manufacto
ries aud stores there could be erected any
number of windmills of say twelve feot in
diameter. Each wheel should be connected
with an air pump, and each pump could con
nect with a common large reservoir. When
ever the wind blew from any direction what
ever the pumps would work and the storage
of compressed air in the reservoir would
progress. A stiff breeze could be made to lay
up enough power to last through a calm, and
this power could be utilized as, dashed by i
means of the ordinary compressed air cn- j
gine. There may be some usefulness for the j
prairie gale, and the windmill may come j
again into use for something besides pump. !
ing water for the cattle. ;
THE DAIRY IXDliSTltY.
Some idea of the proportions to which the
daily industry has attained in this country
can be gained by the figures published by
an agricultural association. These figures
show that there were 10,053 5G2 gallons of
milk sold in this country in 1882, also 935,
571 gallons of cream, G76.000 pounds of
r cheese, and 810,837 pounds of butter. Tho
increase of this yea 's production over that
of last year is at least 20 per cent, up to the
present time, and the balance of the year
will undoubtedly keep up the proportion.
At least 8 per cent, of this yoar's increase is
due to the prevailing wet weather, which
kept the pastures in such excellent condition.
MUST HAVE BEEN GOLIATH.
Hon. J. H. Hainly, a well-known and re
liable citizen of Barnard, Mo., writes to the
fejt. Joseph Gazette the particulars of the dis
covery of a giant skeleton four miles south
west of that place. A farmer named John
W. ITannon found the bones protruding
from the bank of a ravine that has been cut
by the action of tho rains during the past
years. Mr. Haunon worked several days in
unearthing the skeleton, which proved to bo
that of a human being, whose height was
twelve feet The head through the temple
was twelve inches; from the lower part of
the skull at the back was fifteen niches, and
,the circumference forty inches. The ribs
were nearly four feet long and one and three
quarter inches wide. The thigh bones were
thirty inches long and large in proportion.
When the earth was removed the ribs stood
up high enough to enable a man to crawl in
and explore the interior of the skeleton, turn
around and come out with ease. The first
joint of the great toe, above the nail, was
three inches long, and the entire foot eigh
teen inches in length. The skeleton lay on
its face, twenty feet below the surface of the
ground, and the toes were imbedded in the
earth, indicating that the body either fell or
was placed there when the ground was soft.
The left arm was passed around backward,
the hand resting on tho spinal column, while
the right arm was stretched out to the front
and right Some of the bones crumbled on
exposure to the air, but many good speci
mens were preserved and are now on ex
hibition at Barnard. Medical men are much
interested. The skeleton is generally pro
nounced a valuable relic of the prehistoric
race.
A RIVAL. QF O.TJINIXE DISCOVERED.
German medical journals discuss a new
medical agent lately discovered by Prof.
Fischer of Munich. In the course of a long
series of investigations concerning the nature
and action of quinine, he found that ' by
means of a succession of chemical transfor
mations a substance can be obtained, in the
form of a white crystal powder, from coal
tar, which greatly resembles quinine in its
action on the human organism. Fischer has
given it the name of "kairin." The chief
effect produced by it as yet observed, is the
rapid diminution of fever heat and its
efficiency in this respect is described as re
markable. It is believed that it will render
the use of ice in fever eases unnecessary;
and that its skillful employment will enable
the physician to moderate the temperature
of the patient
Kairin is also reported to have less incon
venience for the stomach than quinine. But
observation does not show m yet at least
that it possesses that tonic and restorative in
fluence for which quinine is so frequently
administered. Perhaps from a chemical and
physiological point of view, the most valuable
thing about the new discovery is that it seems
to bring us nearer to finding out the chemi
cal nature of quinine itself, and the true
character of its agency. The discovery has
been patented, and a manufactory of kairin
established, under the direction of Prof.
Laubenheitner of Glossen. But as it is
said that the cost of producing a kilo
gram (about 35 oz. ) of the new agent is
15, it will be some time before its patrons
can hope to see it take the place of quinine
in practical pharmacy
USE OP SALT.
We have received from a correspondent,
says the London Lancet, a letter making
some inquiries into the use of salt,' and we
am given to understand that among other
follies of tho day some indiscreet persons are
objecting to the use of salt, and propose to
do without it. Nothing could bo more ab
surd. Common salt is the niost widely dis
tributed substance in the body ; it exists in
every fluid and in every solid, and not only
is it everywhere present,' but in almost every
part it constitutes the largest portion of the
ash when any tissue is burned. In particu
lar, it is a constant constituent of the blood,
and it maintains in it a proportion that is
almost wholly independent of .the, quantity
that is consumed with the food. The blood
will take up so much and no more, however
much we may take with our food ; and on
the other hand, if none be given, the blood
parts with its natural quantity slowly and
unwillingly. Under ordinary circumstances
a healthy man loses daily about twelve
j grains by one channel or the other, and if he
! is to maintain his health, that quantity must
j be introduced. Com uion salt is of immense
! importance in the processes ministering to
' the nutrition of the body, for not only is it
' the chief salt in the gastric jnice, and essen
tiul for the formation of bile, and may hence
Le ressonbly regarded as of high value in
digestion, tut it is an important agent in
promoting the processes of diffusion, and
therefore of absorption. Direct experiment
has shown that it promotes tho decomposi
tion of albumen in the body, acting prob
ably by increasing the activity of the trans
mission of fluids from cell to cell. Nothing
can demonstrate its value better than the
fact that if albumen without salt is intro
duced into the intestines of an animal, no
portion of it is absorbed, while it all quickly
disappears if salt be added. If any furthei
evidence wore required it would bo found in
the powerful instinct wh'ch impels animals
to obtain salt. Buffalos will travel for
miles to reach a " salt-lick ;" and the value
of salt iu improving the nutrition and the
aspect of horses and cattle is well known to
every farmer. The popular notion that the
use of salt prevents the development of
worms iu the intestines, has a foundation
in fact, for salt is fatal to the small thread
worms, and prevents their reproduction by
improving the general tone and the charac
ter of tho secretions of the alimentary canal
The conclusion, therefore, is obvious that
salt, being wholesome, and indeed necessary,
should be taken in moderate quantities, and
nbslention from it is likely to be injurious.
THROWING THE HATCHET.
In the fourteenth century, jtfie situation
of public executioner of the ity of Florence
became vacant; and as it l was a placa of
considerable emolument thjbre were three
candidates. The first canjjUdate, with a
knife, oleverly separated the head of the
victim from his shoulders. ,113 was outdone
by the rapid stroke of the second, whose
broadsword struck terror in the tearts of the
surrounding multitude. The third, and least
promising, held in his hand a short hatchet,
and when the victim was extended with his
head on the fatal block, approached iim,
and in a low whisper inquired if he was a
swift runner, and if he could swim "well?
On being answered in the affirmative, he de
sired him to spring on his feet aud cross the
river. The executioner then, putting, on a
fierce look, swung his weapon round his
head, but instead of making it descend on
the devoted creatures neck, struck it with
great force into the block ! Shouts of ex
ecration rose from the crowd, and the trem
bling wretch, astonished at his wonderful es
cape, had nearly gained the opposite bank
of the river before any steps were taken to
pursue him. He had scarcely, however,
gone ten yards on dry land, when the execu
tioner, taiking steady aim, threw his hatchet
vnth such effect, that the body continued
running some time after the head was off !
From this rather improbable incident, tho
common phrase of throwing the hatchet ia
said to bo derived,
FRENCH NAVAL CATS.
The most humble of the civil function
aries of the French Bepublic are the naval
cats. There are some hundreds of them,
and their importance is duly recognized by
the -State, which supports them in such com
fort and dignity as befits their official posi
tion. The French naval oat enters ; the ser
vice in his kittenbood, and spends the first
year or two of his active career on board a
man-of-war, where he is berthed in tho hold
and permitted to devour whatever he can
catch. Having thus pa S3d through appren
ticeship, he is sent ashore and quartered at
one of the five naval ports as a terror to the
rats and mice that swarm in the victualing
yard and store sheds. Ho is then entitled to
an allowance of five centimes a day, and this
sum is regularly paid on his behalf to the
director of cats, who lays it out in horse
flesh for the use of his forces.
It is stated that a gun for splitting logs is
being made at a foundry in Marysville, Cal.
It is to be charged with a half-pound of
powder, and then screwed into the end of a
log and fired by means of a fuse. Log-gun'
of similar pattern aie now in use intAustralio.
Scientific.
M. Pasteur Is strongly inclined to believe
that the plague which has' caused so many
deaths in Egypt is produced by some species
of microzyme. As yet he bases lm opinion
upon theory, because no one "has discovered
the supposed germ of the disease? The proba
bility is, however that the theory will be con
firmed before long. Many very eminent men
are aud have been devoting their attention
for some time to this subject of cholera
origin, and good results may be expected.
The Jate intelligent engineer, Mr. Holley,
believed it t certain . that perfect welds ore
made by meaus of perfect contact due to
fusion, and that nearly perfect welds are
made by means of such contact as may bo
got by partial fusion in a nou-oxidizius at
mosphero, or by mechanical flitting of 'sur
faceswhatever the composition of tho iron
may be within all known limits ; but, while
high temperature is thus the cause of that
mobility which promotes 'welding it is also,
remarks Mr. Holley, the cause, in an oxi
dizing atmosphere, of that "burning" which
injures both the weld and the iron.
The improvement made by M.' Kaba'th in
the construction of tlectric "accumulators ia
claimed to meet the important desideratum
of increasing the active surface of the plates,
without proportionally adding to their
weight it being at the surface and over a
relatively slight thickness tha are produced
those reactions which give rise to the second
nry current. To proFJS this greater extent
of surface, the plan restarted f' to, w that of
making each plate consist of eighty or ono
hundred thin strips, alternately corrugated
find flat, these being bound together so as to
allow a free circulation of the liquid used,
aud thus insure the increased effect aunedl
at '!
The proposed method of compi'essing hard
steel, known as tho Lau process, has, been'
applied on a scale "of sufficient extent in .
France, to test its value, and with favorable,
results. According to this system, the niolten t
metal is submitted to the action of , a" hy ,
draulic press capable of exerting a "pressure
of from about 15,000 to 22,000 pounds per
square inch, the pressure being kept up' until
the ingot has solidified and cooled. It ap
pears that numerous analyses, made with a
view of ascertaining the quantity of carbon,
show the interesting fact that the quantity
of combined carbon, in proportion to the
tctal quantity of carbon, is greater in tho
compressed than in the ordinary steel.
The plan of obtaining a temperature higher
than that of the boiling of water or of oil, by
the use of a sand-bath, has been the usual re-'
sort on the part of chemists. As this method,
however, has its drawbacks or deficiencies,
sand being a very bad conductor of heat a
German chemist has proposed as a substitute,
the employment of pounded fragments of
graphite; these have the property of letting
the heat pass much better, do not oxidize,
and have no soiling effect on the enclosing
vessel. UEUetrioiU admits the advantages
presented by this mode to electricians who '
have to make researches in thermo-electricity,
adding that small shot of iron would servo '
nearly the same purpose " .-
Greenheart timber, in its natural state, is
now the only wood in use' fox harbor works
that is considered proof against the attacks
of marine creatures and those of the white
ant in tropical countries. The advantage
thus possessed by the wood in question is
due to its great hardiness and to the presence
of a large quantity of essential oil. It is na
tive to Demerara, is very hard and durable,
weighs about seventy-five pounds to the
cubic foot and has a specific gravity of
1.089, so that it is a little heavier thAu water.
Great caro is required in working it, as it ia
very liable to split ; thuv iu sawing, ' it is
necessary that all "the logs be bound tightly
vith chains, failing whioh precaution the
log would break up into splinters, and be
very apt to injure those working upon it
Some French alloys of an intesesting char
acter have been described in the 1 Re cue In
dattrielle. Scrap iron and iron turnings and
filing.), or iron sponge "coarsely pulverized,
are mixed with minerals "containing man
ganese,' tungsten, titanium vor silicium, also
pulverized, in suitable proportions, , and
moistened u'Tiformerly and Completely with
an amiuonical or an acid solution, after
which the ' mass is compressed in moulds.
Great evolution of heat takes place, and in a
few years a hard, compact mass results,
which is broken into fragments with a
sledge. Theso fragments do not disintegrate
at the temperature of melting iron ; they aro
need in a peculiarly constructed high fur
nace, and, when reduced, yield excellent
alloys. The degree of temperature required
to obtain the results aimed at is very high.
The President and party have passed'
Wind rer, but the correspondents, jmlging
from their inflated dispatches, still linger on
its shores. - .
Mother, why are angels always little boys
and never little girls?" The mother, after
long reflection "To avoid scandals in Para
diae, aay child 1" .
V
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J
i '4."-."-"

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