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. SHIPMAN & OSBORNE CO. HENDERSONVILLE, N. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 31. 1905. VOL. XV. NO. 47 ANOTHER BOOKER T. INCIDENT, Senator Simmons Expresses His Opinion of The Affair To The News and Observer. Throughout the South there haajbeeo an universal protest azainst the action of what has been called a foolish negro aad a foo white man, says the News and Observer. Governors, congressmen and newspapers have united in a general condemnation of Booker T. Washington for his last exhibi tion of his fatal desire for social equality. With one voice these spokesmen of the South say it has exhausted its patiencel with the black man, and the sentiment prevails that a more emphatic policy to ward that race has been necessitated. It is said that Booker Washington's day of usefulness is over, and that it is high time for the South to turn its back upon him. United States Senator Furnifold M. Sim mons was seen yesterday by a reporter and asked his views of the incident which has precipitated another head. The incident referred, to is that when the negro acted as escort to the daughter of John Wannaoiak er. Senator Simmons said ; "Booker Washington is generally regard ed as the ablest representative of the negro race in America and probably in the world. "He first came into public notice as the exponent of an idea which appealed power fully to the good sense of the country. He recognized the unpreparedness and the weakness of his race in its cou test for re cognition in the field of responsible citizen ship under institutions and conditions such as we have in this country ; aud he taught that the first duty of the negro was to make himself a useful citizen by training himself to do high class work in the avenues of in dustry open to him. He dicouraged his fondness for politics and office aad his silly ambition to control in communities where they were in the majority. He let it be undestood that he had a just conception of the social laws, customs and traditions of the South, aud that he neither expectedf nor sought social equality for himself uor eucouraged those under his leadership or his race in the delusion that such a thing was possible or disirable for them. "With this understanding of Washing ton and his teachiugs, and purposes th e South encouraged, supported and eyen ap plauded him. Though some doubted, it was the general opinion, that the basic principle of his 'idea' was sound, and that he represented and led a movement which promised much for his race and the coun try of which they constituted a considera ble part. "There are not many white men and far fewer white women in the North who be lieve in social equality with the negro, even in theory, and still fewer who are willing to practice it to eyen so limited an extent even with a negro Booker Wash ington's class. But still there are some and there always will be some, and a few of these moved by a moral sentimentalism, have tempted Booker, and he has fallen. His judgement has been beclouded and un balanced his old ideas, based on common sense applied to actual and unchangeable conditions, have been shattered and new hopes and aspirations for himself and his race have taken their places in his heart and mind. "The result is that Booker Washington is a changed and ruined man. In thought and aspiration he is a different man The things he now stands for and represents are different. The things that the Booker Washington, which the white people of the South encouraged and supported with ap proval and sympathy and money, stood for, made for the welfare of his race and the country. The thought that the new Book -er Washington stands for, especially in the minds of his owa race, is not only odious to all white people in the South and nearly all in the balance of the country and utter ly impossible of realization, but it can re sult in nothing but mischief and injury to his own race and the country. His useful ness in the South has undoubtedly reach ed its eod. He can no longer be helpf nl to us in polviug the negro problem. He now represents in the negro mind and idea and hope, which silly as it is, more than everything else combined, makes difficult the adjustment, upon a satisfactory work ing basis, of the relations of these two races in the South. "While Booker's social equality ambition has destroyed his owa usefulness in the South and put vain and mischievous notions in the heads of his race which can eventuate in harm to. them and injury to his country, he has not by the little seem ing success he has had, advanced one with the hopless cause of negro social equality. There are still a few devotes of that idea in the North but comparatively speaking, only a few. These members despite sur face indications are not increasing and. will not increase. The average white man in North as in the South abhors the thought and this is as it should be for the best in terest of both races." SPLENDID SCHOOL WORK. State Superintendent Joyner Re- viewsthe Work in Educational Edition of the News ?, and Observer. 1. To carry on the work of building and improving school houses until the 527 dis tricts without houses in the state are sup plied; the 508 log houses and the scores o( old frame houses unfit for use are re placed and every school district in North Carolina has a drcent, comfortable, well equipped, properly lighted and ventilated school house fit to the home and training place of the children of the greatest repub lic on the face of the earth to tht high du ties of citizenship and service. 2. To establish more schools with two or more teachers so as to render possible more thorough instruction in the elementary branches and instruction in higher branches by better classification and a reduction of the number of classes for each teacher, an increase in the time for each class aud the concentration of teachers' efforts on fewer subjects. 3. To push the woik of consolidation until all unnecessary little districts are abolished, so that present available fuuds may be made to go as far as possible to ward securing more money for each school, more schools wiih two or more teachers, with more children at one schoolhouse so as to economize "in bouse, iu number of teachers, in runuiug expenses and to arouse more enthusiasm among children and pa trons by a large school doing better work with better equipment and a louger term- 4. To push the work of local taxation as the only permanent means of supplement ing the school fund from county and state and supplying the additional money neces sary for more teachers, better teachers, bet ter salaries, better houses and equipment, louger terms, as the only means of making the rural school somewhat equal in oppor tunities for education to the schools of the towns and cities, nearly all of which are supported largely now by local taxation, and to the schools of other states iu the United States, C9 nev cent, of which is rais ed by local taxation. 5. To establish rural public schools county, township and district so as to bridge the gap betweea the public school and the college and to offer to all the chil dren In the rural districts, rich and poor opportunities of higher training as a pre paration for college or a better preparation for life, giving to all an equal chance to develop at home all their capabilities with out haying to move to town or to go to ex pensive boarding schools beyond the means of most of them, and lifting the masses of the people, through higher training, to a higher plane of intelligence, power, pro gress, prosperity and citizenship. To get all the children into the schools and to keep them there for a reasonable time by co-operative efforts of county su perintendent, teachers, committeemen. boards of education, good citizansof all vo cations, by the compelling power of public sentiment, by the attractive power of bet ter houses and schools, and, finally, by the intervention of the strong arm of the law, if necessary, to prevent irreparable injury to thousands of children who cannot con trol their own actions or be held responsi ble for them, and to save them an;? the state from the ills and dangers of ignorance that might result from the indifference, the i-g norance, the thriftlessness. The selfishness and even the honest and-honorable poverty of parents. 7. To make adequate provision for agri cultural and industrial training after pro vision shall have been made for thorough instruction in the elementary branches, so as to better equip the thousands who lead industrial and agricultural lives for their important work and make them more po tent factors in the industrial aud agricultu ral development of the state. 9. To increase and improve the facilities for the professional training of teachers, so as to place them within easy reach, with small expense, of the rank and file of the poorly-paid rural public school teachers. 9. To keep up a ceaseless' campaign tor better salaries for teachers and more mon ey to provide such salaries, until men shall realize that for an average monthly salary of $29.05 and an average annual salary of $123.46 less than paid the rudest workers in wood and stoue, less than is paid the man that shoes their horse or plouehs their field, or paints their house, or keeps their jail; men and women of ambition and ability, fitted for this delicate and difficult work of teaching, cannot be commanded for it, and that the compensation of a teach er's service must be made somewhat cm- tnensurate with that offered in other fields of labor, and with the dignity and the value of his work. After a. hearty rneal a dose of Kodol Dyspepsia Cure will prevent an attack of Indigestion. Kodol is a thorough diges- ant and a guaranteed cure for Indigestions Dyspepsia, Gas on the Stomach, Weak Heart, Sour Risings, Bad Breath and all Stomach troubles. Sold by F. V. Hunter SOME OUTS TO GO IN. Contemplated Shake-Up in lector Harkins Office. Col- Asheville, N. C. Special. A feeling of unrest hovers over that coterie of office holders under Collector Harkins in these days of peace envoys and yellow fever. Rumor has it that there is going to be a shaking up of the dry bones and that one or more official heads are to come off. In fact, it is said that this regime of decapita tion is not to be confined to the Asheville office, but that all over the fifth internal revenue district new faces will shortly re replece old ones and that the watering mouths of the "outs" will be filled at the the Federal pie counter. . It is stated on good authority that Ihree heads are to drop September 1, though the names are not given out. It is known, however, that J. Will Roberta, of Madison county, is slated for a desk under Collector Harkins and that he will assume the duties of hi8 office September 1 . Mr. Roberts has been active in republican politics io Madison for a number of years and has aspired to office on more than one occasion. The removal of Federal office holders eo those in a position to be well informed say, j8 due to the insistent demands of the "outs' for recognition and jobs. The t,outs" contend that two terms, or eight years, is sufficient length of time to hold office and that the two-termers should be removed and places made for others. It is an ad. milted fast that the "outs" are all smiles over the turn affairs have taken and that the ushering in of the new year will see a number of them taken care of. For sunburn, tetter and all 6kin and sclad diseases, De Witt's Witch Hazel Salve has ! o equal. It is a certain cure for blind, bleeding, itching aud protruding piles. It will draw the fire out of a burn and hepl without leaving a Bear. Boils, old sore's, carbnucles, etc., 8 re quickly cured by the use of the genuine DeWitt's Witch Hazel Salve. Accept no substitute as they are of ten dangerous and uncertain. Sold by F. V. Hunter. A LARGE PULP PLANT. Important Enterprise to Be Estab lished on Pigeon River. Asheville, N. CL; Special. According to reports received here, Canton, on the Murphy branch of the Southern Railway. twenty miles from Asheville, is to have the second largest wood pulp factory for manufacture of white paper in this coun try. Northern capitalists, including Messrs. Horton, Hollowayg Thompson and Smith, have purchased a track of 70 acres north of the railroad track at Canton, where it is proposed locating the pulp mill. The land was purchased from J M. Mecse aud others. It is said that the buildings to be erected will cover twenty acres of this tract. The promoters of the pulp plant have taken an option on a water power on the Pigeon river; three miles from Canton The river will be harnessed and the plant operated by electricity. The raw material for the pulp mills will come from two large boundaries of timber lands embracing 100,000 acres or more, recently purchased from Ramsley & Co. and MeCrarv, Young & Co. One of the boundaries is known as the Shininz Rock tract, and is said to contain milioos of feet of balsam, the wood from which it is pro posed to make the pulp. The timber tracts are said to have cost about $1,000, 000. Woodmen in the employ of the pulp concern have already been sent into the forests to cut 400,000 feet of timber to be used in the construction of the mills. Shoals iu Pigeon river will be knocked out and the logs for use at the plant will be floated down the stream. The pills that a ct as a Ionic, and not as drastic purge, are De Witt's Little Fearly Risers. They cure Headache, Constipa tion, Billiousness, Jaundice, etc Early Risers are small and easy to take and easy to act. Sold by F. T. Hunter, Another Wants Miss Alice. Jolo, via Manila, Aug. 21. Secretary Taft and party arrived Friday. Thous ands of Moros took part in the festivi ties attending the reception which were wonderfully picturesque and included carabao and bull fights. Secretary Taft and President Roose velt were given many more presents by the Sultan, who offered his hand in mar riage to Miss Roosevelt and would make her Sultana of .the Sulu Archipelago, saying his people desired her to remain among them. While some members of the party were bathing Frederick O'Brien, editor of the Cabel-News, was seized with cramps and the undertow was rapidly carrying him out to sea, when Repre sentative Longworth, of Ohio, rescued him at the risk of his own life. : The carabao and bull tights were of amusing hut not bloodthirsty character. BRIEF PERSONAL SKETCHES. '; ';, BY S- V. PIC2SN3. Mr. Israel lived within the present limits of the county long before it was cut from Buncombe. He had manyle scendants, Benjamin, Fred, Samuel and Guss were brothers and sons of Is rael. Most of them were in the south ern army and were faithful fellows; one or more were wouDded. Benjamin died some years since; his widow, two daugh ters and two sons, J. D. and Thomas live in, Hendersonville. Augustus went to Asheville, the others are farmers in this county. T. C., Wexler and Erastus Israel are related, but not very closely to those mentioned above. They are generally Methodists, but as the Israelites of old, they differ politically, a majority being democrats. Thomas U. has been deputy U S. marshal, city marshal and sheriff of-Henderson county. Wexler is now chief of police for Hendersonville, and war in charge of the cauaty convicts on tbe road. John G. 'Grant is about 50 years old, was raised near Bat Cave, in HendersoD, county, has been in the legislature of Korth Carolina and sheriff of Hender son county. He is a republican in all tbe word means, lie can see little good in any thing else. In a campaign here at a discussion, his competitor told the laboring men they were paying 25 per cent, tariff on tho tin buckets in which they carried t-heir dinners. Grants re jlfy "wa: ''Gentlemen, that is not so, for you kno w you cj.n go up to the tin shop today and buy as many of those buckets as you can 'tote' at 15 cents a piece." Grant is in the IT. S. revenue service at Asheville and is a clever fellow. Mrs. It. T. Iloliinors worth, Mrs. Thom as Wood, Mrs. C, . Roper, Mrs. D. P. Kelly and Mrs. W. C. Stradiey, all of whom are living, are children of John SrCarnjott. $. K. Stansell lived a few miles north ca of Hendersonville, was a citizen of the county from its organization. He married a daughter of llev. James' Blythe, already sketched. They raised aUarpe family, most of them, if not all. ga is. Airs. xiCKer is one oi tnem; a nice lady and good neighbor she ia. Mrs. Stansell now lives in Asheville at the age of about 72. Martin Hickman was not a Baptist minister, as stated. Joshua Whitaker lived on Clear Creek in Henderson county from before the county's formation up to his death some years ago. He was a farmer, a good citizen and neighbor, was a democrat and I think, a Baptist. He had several children, some sons now living in the county. He had sons in the southern army. They were good soldiers and one or more were wounded. Their names were William II., W, N. and John, Whitaker, but 1 cannot state who, or how many of these are sons of Joshua Whitaker. Solomon and Kiley Whitaker were brothers. They lived on Mills Hiver, were farmers, good men and useful citi zens. They were in the Confederate army in the little tussell between the north and south. These Whi takers are probably all akin, yet I no not know bow. Alfred McDowell had long been a cit izen of this county up to his death 12 or 15 years ago at the age of about 80. He was a Green Iliver farmer and a good citizen. He was a Jackson democrat. W. B., Richard and Isaac Allison have long been citizens of this county, were all good soldiers in the southern army, and live yet to tell how the Rebs were themselves beat, whipping the Yankees. They are farmers and good citizens. Thev have many children, our worthy plumber,. Will Allison, is a son of W. B. He married Miss Cagle. William Sentell was in the Revolu tionary War, came here in '1800 from South Carolina, married Elizabeth Stephens, a relative of Alex. Stephens, of Georgia, who wa9 vice president of the Confederate States. Richard Sen tell was a son of William and the father of Samuel, Jesse and Geo, N. Sentell, all of whom now live in Henderson county, "uncle Dickey," as Kichard was commoaly called, lived on Willow Creek, in this county. He was a farm er, a Baptist and a republican, a good citizen and neighbor. His boys all ad here to the same religious and political faith of their father. Samuel is one of the very few men now living who voted in the election held to locate Hendersonville. Of him it is said, at one time of considerable ex citement, and in a political meeting someone suggested the need of some literature when Samuel said: "Don't want no literature, just up and at urn, is what we want." He has long been a justice of the peace and once a county commissioner, ueo. in. oenteii nas been a justice of the peace for over 33 years, and is now serving his second term as county commissioner. Ihese brother have many descendants. Hosea Leach was one of the fint set tlers m Hendersonville. and is said to have built the first house in town, at which I now pause to look from where I am writing these sketches. 66 years have passed and yet the house is a good one, having been touched by the blast of progress and the hand of culture. He moved to South Carolina after the war. His son Joseph Leach was a good south ern soldier and now lives at Easley, S.C. W. H. Ray came here from Spartan burg, S. C, about 1880. He was a suc cessful merchant and won the name of a correct business man and a good finan cier. He lives on West Shaw's Creek and has a very pretty home. He raised several boys who became successful business men at Waynesville and other points west. One son died recently. He and Mrs. Ray have with them one daugh ter. Mr. Ray is progressive upon well considered business lines and principles, but is not carried off by every wave of enthusiasm emanating from a reckless policy, or the promotion of an air-castle. Enthusiasm will do for an engine, but need some good, common sense for a conductor. J. W. Wofford came to Hendersonville 18 or 20 years ago from Spartanburg, S. C. He bought and now owns the Bam burg property on the hill on the west of Fleming avenue. He keeps a nice boarding house. He has been on the city board, is president of the 'Board of Trade and commander of the U. C. V. Camp here.. B. F. Stagg9 came to Hendersonville soon after the close of the civil war. He was a tinner by trade, a good honest workman, a good citizen and neighbor. He died in this town at his home on Shaw's Creek, street about 1900. His widow lives at their home, is quite old. They raised a larsre family, most of them are living. Mr. Selgle married Miss Drake, lived on Clear Creek, near Ebenezer church He was a farmer and a good citizen; he died a few years ago aged about 58. He lost a leg in the Confederate army. He raised some nice and promising sons, one or more now useful men, but as is often the case, almost lost to their native county. SOME PECULIAR DEEDS; Two Lawyers Tell Interesting Sto ries of the Drawing of Deeds. Two Asheville lawyers, who are said to be Haywood Parker and J.S. Adams, were searching tides in the register of deed's office recently and paused at the same time to rest momentarily. One of them, said to be Mr. Parker, complain ed of the trouble he was put to by inex Vperienced persons undertaking to draw deeds. "Now here is a case," said he, "that cannot be equaled.'' "Bet I can beat it,'' said the other, said to be Mr. Adams. "You can't," retorted Mr. Parker. "I can and will," said Mr. Adams. "and you will admit it. You tell your case." "All right," said Mr. Parker. "Here it is. John Smith and his wife signed a deed and then he as a justice of the peace certified that he and his wife came before himself as justice of the peace and acknowledged that they executed the deed, and then he certified that his wife, separate and apart from himself- appeared before himself and stated that she executed the deed without fear of her husband" That looked like what might be term" ed in dog Latin a sockdolager, and Mr. Adams did not seem disturbed, howev er, and tgld his tale: "In Jackson county there is of record a deed which is a curio. A man wanted to give a deed to land for a church building, so he writes a deed something like this: Know all men by these pres ent that I, John Smith, in considera tion of the sumof five dollars to be paid to me by Almighty God, do hereby sell to Him the following land to have and to hold to Him and His heirs and assigns forever." 'And then tbe man warranted the hand of the Almighty," said Mr. Adams, "He did not mean any sacrilege. He had simply gotten hold of a form and did not know how to deed the church lot to the trustees." MrParker had a good story, but he admitted that he was beaten. Citizen. Wrnud. EipMel. A few counterfeiters have lately been making and trying to sell imitations of Dr. King's New Discovery for Con sumption, Cou ghsand Colds, and other medicines, thereby defrauding the pub lic. This is to warn you to beware of such people, who seek to profit, through . stealing the reputation of remedies which have been successfully cureing disease, for over 35 years. A sure pro- tection, to you, is our name on the wrapper. Look for it on airDr. King's, or Bucklen's remedies, as all others are mere imitations. H. E. Bucklen & Co. , Chieogo,'Ill., and Windsor, Canada. Mexican Veterans. We have received the following letter from Mr. Livingston, which explains itself: , Montery Camp, Henderson, N. Ct August 15th, 19C5. Mr. Jacob Livingston, Fruitland: Dear Sir: Did you go to the Mexican War with John F. Hoke? And did you know Fagg before the war? I have not been able to hear one word of Fagg in all my efforts to collect history of otrr State Mexican Veterans, and his wife helped him so much to try to help Ken ady to get pensions for you Mexican vet erans, and now Kenaday's wifet (he has been dead so long) is the wife of an other Mexican veteran, Judge Silas S. Hare, and she still does all she can for the Mexican veterans, and they go to all the reunions. Do you need a larger pension? Write the answers to the questions enclosed if you do and we will get you that increase, if it is a possible thing. Send in your papers as soon as you can for if late we can do nothing for you. Our camp was organized in 1002, the third camp in all this country. The first, as it should have been, was in Tex as. Palo Alto. . -' ' The national commandant has done wonders for you men though perhaps you have never heard of her. Bhe has succeeded in getting the list containing the names of every Mexican veteran in the country and just sent me the North Carolina names, hence my knowing how to find you. There wa3 once upon a time an organ ized association of Mexican veterans in North Carolina and all of you should help with all your might to have this organization brought to life. We, nor Roosevelt, can help men who do not help themselves, you know. He was the first president to recognize you as vete rans of the Mexican war, by giving you a position in his inangural parade, and all who were there rode in carriages near the head of the line. He is to be in Raleigh in October, fair week and all the veterans who can I ask to be there at that time, having a state reunion of Mexican veterans and wearing, their badges of ; "red, white and blue" meet: him ,ia a body,' ask him to se e that they have, with all the men who have be longed to the U. S. army or who do be long to it, equal rights, privileges and pensions. He loves you for you were not only good soldiers but victorious soldiers in every battle you fought dur ing the whole of the Mexican war. You never allowed the Stars and Stripes to be lowered to the enemy (much less let them lay hands on it) during the . war with Mexico. And Sherman never fought harder for the United States than did the soldiers of the Mexican war. . If you have not one of these badges, wont you get one as soon as you can; they cost one dollar, the money going to pay expenses of national reunien next May, 1906, at Washington. The dollar entitles you to become a member of the Naional Association of Mexican War Veterans, and be enrolled on the national register. Are there any widows of Mexican veterans in your neighborhood who need more 'pensions? Tell them to write to me. Are there any graves of Mexiean soldier near or in Fruitland, especially unmarked ones. These are to have nice marble stones over them when we Dames get the money, we have made m beginning in this direction. Ask the . editor of your paper to publish the names of the men on your, company's roster . The ed itors are among oar best friends. The Post and the Tarboro Southerner have done most for us, so far. They are always glad to publish any news of. interest to the Mexican veterans. Be sure to see that I receive a copy of every paper containg anything that interests these veterans. When Mrs. Murdock, our national commandant asked the commissioner of pensions for the list of Mexican ret-, erans in the United States he said No. Then she asked President Boosevelt and he said "YES," so you see how I found out how to direct my letter to you. Your friend and comrade. J. R. SlilTH, State Commandant Dames of 1849. NO STATE REUNION..- North Carolina Veterans Will Not ; Have Their Annual Reunion, The annual state reunion of th Korth Carolina Confederate Veterans will not take place this year. A possible reason for this is became no city in the state has tendered the veterans a reception and consequently there is no place to meet. It is further stated that tbe State Commander-in Chief, Gen. Julian 8. Carr, has issued notices for a called ' meet ing to be held in Raleigh at some time dur ing the state fair for the purpose ef electing field officers for the coming year: and else to consider invitations for the reunion next year. It is known that several cities will ask for the reunion next year, .