Newspaper Page Text
t 1 - I i -r 'A ! 4 i i! il Poes Capital Punisliment :enttri-Capital Crime? - - By Thomaa Spebd Moaby. . IHE death penalty, as a feature of the penai cone, is uuu6 - process of evolution which, judging from existing u .-those which have characterized the world's jurisprudence dur ing' the past fifty years must result in its complete extinction. . It now exists in forty States of the American Union. - In the investigation o$,this subject, the writer caused I . ,,... A :wn,. tronoraia nf these forty DtatCSs. 1 11 to do aciaressea iu uiw an-uiuw t."" rar sking their opinion as to whether capital punishment tended to dimimsn cay Eighteen of the forty declined to express an opinion. Only them--attorney-generals of States which inflict the death .penalty are . ft selves as clearly of the opinion that capital punishment, does tend to ai capital crime. Two of the forty were positive in their conviction that "-Jat penalty does not tend to diminish capital crimes, and fetateafe3 Qualified the death penalty should be abolished, while four of the forty gave u In five States of Kansas,' Maine, Michigan, Rhode Island and Wisconsin, inhere capital punishment does not exist, the attorney-generals aura noted no Increase in capital crime since the abolition of .the death penalty, and ener" ly express themselves as satisfied with the conditions existing in their Jspec tive States. In Michigan, Wisconsin, and Rhode Island capital punishment ras abolished over fifty years ago, and has not since beau re-enacted. ino"a nominally prescribed ' by law in Kansas, the death penalty can be executed in that State only upon the Governor's warrant, and the Kansas Governors-nave Sersistently declined to issue a death warrant, the condemned Person; ea' -while, -remaining in prison. In five other States where the death penalty ex ists the trial juries have power to commute it to life imprisonment. The right of the State to take the life of a citizen has always been and doubtless must remain an academic question, although, conceding 'he sound ness of the doctrine of "consent of the governed' as the ultimate basis of sovernanental authority, it must be admitted that one cannot be morally held to a contract whereby he consents that another may take his life. In cur eivil jurisprudence no man can give another the right to do him bodily injury. Such contracts are always void as against public policy. But the case against capital punishment is made when it is shown simply that it Is unnecessary. It Is coming to be understood that the majority of human beings do not refrain from- the commission of capital crimes merely through fear of being hanged. Every jerson who commits a capital crime knows that, ia. States maintaining capital punishment; the death penalty is affixrf to that crime. From a per sonal study of more than two thousand cases I am convinced that most crimes are committed by persons who either (1) expect to escape all punishment, or 2) who, upon the spur of the moment, ara regardless of all punishment, or (3) who are governed by cosmic, social or individual factors which render the fa-aspect of punishment inoperative as a deterrent agency at the rime of the commission of the crime Harper's Weekly. 3 ? 1 Why Socialism Fails 1 By Tom Watson. O matter how much there may be in the Tomorrow of Socialism, in its Today, when it shall be inaugurate! as a system, all things must be owned collectively, and that means that the high and low come to a common level; the good and the bad start even; the idle and the industrious share and share alike; the illiterate and the leareed, the capable and the incompetent, tne Tool and thf xcisp man tho virsrin :in.l the troll, the neacro and the White, all come to the Universal Brotherhood pot, and ladle out an equal porring erful of pottage. , . . , In the name of Heaven! What a sordid, sickening dead-level! What an enforced equalizing of all men and all women, in a world where God never made two grains of sand, two leaves of the forest, two birds of the air, two fish of the sea, two beasts cf, the field, exactly equal. Only in apolitical sense can any one even dream of two men being equal, for oar eyes, our common-sense tell us that sii2h a thing as equality in strength, capacity, character, or in the elements and achievements of manhood ias no existence among men. Socialism proceeds upon the idea that equality is there, or can be put there; and the effort to prove that the idea is correct has been made time and again and again. It was not only among the Ancients, but it has been tried in .modern times, and it was tried by the etflonists who first settled in North America. Failure, dismal failure, "has been the result of every experiment. Why? Because Human Nature is radically, eternally different from what the Socialist assumes it to be. If all were equal, and all were good, Socialism would be unnecessary, even from the standpoint of the Socialist. Give -as absolute equality and universal goodness, ,md we don't need any thing but a little time to reach an equal distribution of wealth and an era of JPeace ou Earth and Good Will to Men. Watson'3 Magazine. Strength in Sorrow. . By Lillie Hamilton FYencli. B woull not have to strive "thicks were mere evenly distributed among us, for no one s lot would then seem to him an evil one. If we were all hump backed, or lame, or blind; if every husband were unfaithful and every child a cross; if we were all poor and no man had more than : another; if nobody's son died in his earlv strength -and nobody was loved while we sat neglected then who of us would know what sorrows .and afflictions were? We would take each of them for granted, as a Chinaman takes his yellow skin and an Indian his red one. It is because we see our estate differing from that cf our fellows that we are tempted to comparisons, and it is in the making of these comparisons that a sense of our sorrows, like the knowledge of on:- afflictions, is first born How would we have known that we were poor, unless we had seen some on else who was richer? .or that our son was unsuccessful unless the son of some body else were making a great mark in the world? Would our little children be unhappy with only one dress, had they not seen other children vith two? It comes to this: When we begin to make comparisons wp hezl- tn s-if. fer. This may seem to be a hard saying, but it ia a true one. Harper's Ba- zar. "Ask the Missus." John Burns, the English radical and reformer and a prominent mem--ber of King Edward's Cabinet, was, during an cli ct;on meeting, interrogat ed by a sturdy . voter who wanted to loiow just what John Burns, the Cabinet Minister, at, high pay did with :he enormous increase of wages over Ihej. workman's modest wage. The jnew Cabinet officer was equal to the .occasion.;. : ' : t "How -do you spend it, John?" roar ed the elector. "Ask the missus," said the honest, self-reliant John, and the crowd roar ed, out its applause. No room there ior - the microbe of divorce to get loot hold; no focus for the stegmlya "of distrust and incompatibility. '"Ask the missus" is a whole li brary of martial wisdom. If a man's "wife knows where his money goes, it is, in one thousand, minus one ase, spent for the best interests of the household. The man that can lojk his iv.-ot.icr squarely in the face .aad say, "A.sk the missus," is no ' jspesidrift, mo iDOgus high-roller, no gambler, no cheat. "Ask the missus," and. her happy, hopeful, trustful, contented tace will be answer enough of the faith she holds in the mau -who trusts ancf loves her. "Ask the missus" would put di- f Torce lawyers cut of business. "Ask the missus," would wipe divorce-giving South Dakota off the map. "Ask the missus" would keep the - worth less foreign nobleman eff the Ameri can grass. "Ask the missus" would Imild homes such only as the foucd- ers o the nation knew. so for courage if what we vaguely call Men of America, take the cue from John Burns. Make it possible to say to every" inquirer as to where the -money goes, "Ask the missus." Louisville Herald. Origin Of "Blackmail." An authority on the derivation of words says that ''blackmail?, as used by Coke and Blackstone had an inno cent significance meaning simply rent paid in labor or produce instead cf in money, rent paid in "white money" (silver) being known as ."white mail." The word "mail," meaning rent, comes from the Anglo Saxon "mael," a par-' tion or possibly from the old French "maille," a halfpenny. In the days before England and Scotland were united the freebooters used to make frequent .raids on the farmers living along the border and the money paid to secure immunity from tCiese raids came to be known as "blackmail.' Once established in that sense it is easy to see how the world came to be used to designate money paid to se cure Immunity from a .raid on one's fputticn. The Suburbanite. No Need for Nerve Medicine. "A country 'doctor after writing a prescription f:r a patient told him the druggist would probably charge him sixty cents for filling it. The patient asked the physiean to lend him the money. The latter scratched cut part of the prescription and hand ed it backwith ten cents, remarking: "You can have that filled for a, dime. What I have scratched cut was lor ycur acrm" Washington Star. ' ' ... ; Taft and Bacon Go to Point of Hostilities PROTECT AMERICAN- INTERESTS Qnesada Forwards President 's ' 4 Sol emn W-rhing" tor Executive, at HavanarWhole Island Expected to bePnt Under U. S. Tlag . Unless ' Hostilities Cease. Mr. Quesada, the Cuban : Minister to Washing-ton, on Saturday forward ed to President Palma Mr. Roosevelt's letter to him, in which he made sol emn warning that intervention would follow unless there was permanent peace and a discontinuance of the destruction of American property on the island. , 1 Dispatches from Washington; and Cuba and information from official sources all make plain the fact that the veiled threat will prove an immen se sensation in the field of armed activity. Already it is known that American property has been devas tated, American liberties threatened, and unless there is an immediate change, mariues will be landed from the cruisers now in Cuban waters and the whole island will be put un der the American flag. Mr. Taft and assistant Secretary Bacon started Sunday for Cuba to an investigation of the . n;litt. On their report the matter of intervention will swing, foi by it Pm V.nt Roose velt will be guided. Mr. Roosevelt ?s letter to Mr. Que sada, written Friday night following an all-day conference on board the. Mayflower at Oyster Bay, is as fol lows : The Presidnt's Letter. Oyster Bay, Sept. 14, 190G. My Dear Senor Quesada: In this crisis in the affairs of the Republic of Cuba 1 write you not merely because you are Minister of Cuba accredited to this country, but because yon and I were frepuently drawn- together at the time when the United States itnervened in the af fairs of Cuba with the result of mak ing her an independent nation. You know that I never have done and never shall do anything in reference to Cuba save with sineerest rcirard for her welfare. - : You also known the pride I felt when it came to me as President of the United States to withdraw the American troops from the Island of Cuba and to officially proclaim her independence and wish her godspeed in her carreer as a free republic. I desire now, through you, to say a word of solum warning to your peo ple, whose earnest welhvisher I am. For seven years. Cuba has been in a condition of profound peace and of steady growing prosperity. For four years this peace aud prosperity have obtained under her own independent government. Her peace, prosperity and independency are now menaced, for of all possible evils that can be fall Cuba the worst is the evil of an archy, in which civil war and revo lutionary disturbances will assured ly throw her. Whoever is responsible for armed revolution and outrage whoever is re sponsible in any way for the con dition of tlfe affairs that now obtain-, is ,an enemy to Cuba, and doubly) heavy is the responsibility of the man who, affecting to be the friends of the country's inde pendence, takes any step which will jeopardize that independence. . For there is just oneVay in -which Cuban independence can be secured, and that is for the Cuban people to show their inability to continue in their path of graceful and orderly progress. ' This nation asks nothing of Cuba save that it shall continue to develop as it has developed during the past seven years, that it shall know and practice the orderly liberty which will" assuredly bring an ever-increasing measure of peace and prosperity to the beautiful Queen of the 'Antilles. Our intervention in Cuban affairs will only come if Cuba herself shows that she has fallen into-the insurrec tionary habit, that she lacks the self- restraint necessary to peaceful self government and that her contendiu"- iactions have plunged the country to anarchy. T crlamiK. n -1 . . 'li y- i 111- .- """'.r aujme au iunan pa triots to band together, to sink all .llffn that they ean preserve the indepen -v cuiciii ijp-i 1 11 h r 1 no nniv "J- i K'punne is to prevent iue necessity ot outside interference My 1 cluing u iroin me anarchy of me civil war. I earnestly hope that .. Yvwiu ui a uj ura 1 ion 01 mine given in the name 'of the American people, the stanchest friends and well wishers of Cuba that there are in nil the world, will be taken as it is mvinf will be seriously 'considerl and will be acted upon, rid if so acted upon Cuba's permanent independence, her permanent success as a 'republic 'are' assured. Under the treaty with your gov ernment, I as President of .the United States, have a duty, in this mattei which I cannot shirk.- The third ar-J tide of that treaty explicitly .conU "' " fuu tut uuiicu. oiiiies rne ngnr ,to interfere fothe toaintenance in Cuba of a goyernmentv adequate ior the' protection! qi life, property and individual liberty. .v v's The treaty femng'ihis nght- is the supreme law.pf the land" and furnishes me- with-the-right and the means pf fulfilling t the obligation that I am under to protect; American in terests. -XTh&i information' ;'at i hand '' shows that -the social bonds throughout the island have been so relaxed that life, property, and individual liberty are no longer safe. ,1 have received authen tic information of injury to and des truction of "American property. It is, vn my judgment, imperative for the sake of Cuba." that there shall be an immediate cessation of hositilities and some arrangement which will secure the permanent pacification of the is land. , v M" . . ... . . am sendmg to Havana the Secre tary oX' War, Mr.' Taft, and the As sistairi t' Secretary' of State, Mr. Ba--.6r.f as the special representatives of tins' ' Goverrime'iit who 'will render such aid' as' is possible toward these Mids.n' I had hoped that Mr. Root, the "Secretary of State, could have stopped in Havana on his return from South America, but the seeming im r.iiiK'iice o the crisis forbids further delay.,-.: ' . , Tii rough you I desire in this way to communicate, with the Cuban Govern rae.nt.tiiid with, the Cuban people, and icftordingly I am sending you a copy of this letter, to be presented, to Pres ident Palma. and have also directed its immediate p'ublieation. "'""-' Sincerely " yours ' THEODORE ROOSEVELT, Senor Don Gonzalo de Queseda " the Cuban " Minister. Money and"-Treops Given: to Palmav Havana, Special. President Palma ias been granted by an extreme meas ure of Congress tiie jx)wer to triple the force of i rural guards, to double the force of artillery, and the right to appropriate all public funds for the vigorous prosecution of the trar. The critical situation' by which the Ufe of the Cuban Republic is' (hreat encd has not been modified by the events of the past tventy-four hours. Persistent 1 rumors are still afloat that President Palma' wishes to resign his office, and is only restrained by the pleadings of Government heads in the Cabinet and Congress. It is asserted that President Palma wpt when he saw American marines trom the Denver land mllavana on Friday, for in that demonstration he read the handwriting on the wall by which the fate of the republic is sealed. There is no effort to conceal the fact that Palma himself asked the American Government for . aid, nor that the Government would rath- oi nrrpnJpr in tli TTnitp1 Stilt PS than to the insurgents. President Palma 's wife, whose fa ther, the late President Guardiola, of Honduras, was murdered by revolu tionists, 'is said to be urging his re tirement: In the event of his resigna tion Vife-President Capote will as sume the 'Presidency.' This would not relieve the situation "in" the slightest degree, as Capote" is as unpopulai with the -Liberals as is Palma. Will Yield Only to V. S. In ijie action of Senator Zavas and General Lovnas, -who is rebel com mis sioned boarded ; the Denver on Fri day and conferred with Comandei Colwell, supporters of the Govern ment see only a determination on the part of the revolutionists to surren der to no one but American otlicers; that is, to continue the war until it is stopped. : by. American intervention. The vebel commissioners asked i'01 protect ion( through Havana, for en--oysj wlio wished to confer with him. The toinmander explained tliat as a foreigner he could not interfere with authority. 'vLater, when he returned to the palace and told the nature oi the lebels' requests, he was informed that the Government would not au thorize, such, a visit. It would be hard to imagine a more critical condition than that .in. which the Government now . finds itslef a country whieh is not military total 'y unprepared for war, " almost at the mercy of armed bands of revolution ists, which are growing in number. ' In 'his" message to Congress Presi dent Priima declared that he had known of ' the ' plot to oveiihrow the Government and murder the executive and the members of his cabinet oiV2 before the outbreak of, the revolution. but that he had deemed it wise tc wait until tlie plotters had put them selves 1 iu to the position of open viola tion of the law. He''kiiew;"he' declared, that the con spirators were all ot the political pa I'ty which is opposed to him. It was not, he ;said, ' 'until one of the plotters came tout - in open rebellion that he. had ordered, the arrest of sev eral- of , the head . conspirators. Minneapolis Heady to Sail Tor Cuba , Philadelpiiia, Special. The crew oj tbe cruiser .Minneapolis, lying at th League- Island Navy Yard, was' busih engaged; in, .loading stores and provis- 1 .1 ' 1; . . n - ions iiuoaru, 111 preparation ior sail ing, probably, for Cuba. Inadditioi! to the vessel's regular complement ol men, UU marines are also to bo taken It is reported here that the Tennes see,' which was put into commissior only recently, will-also be dispatchec to Cuba. J. P. Hickman, President S Bank of Hendsdhville A STRONG BANK Four per cent paid on time deposits 5 We extend to our customers every courtesy con- & J ....., j t i.: r W. J. DAVIS. President Geo. I- White, Vice-Pres K. G. MORRIS, Cashier . .-.. . be Commercial IBank HENDERSON V1LLE, N. C. .. - . - v O Nfe D O L L AR Starts a Savings Account with this bank TRANSACTING A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS The Claude Brown Company CASH or CREDIT ' - ( 0 VVe Buy and Sell Horses and Hiiles, Wagons. BuggiesHarness. Feedstuff of All Kinds ' . " . ' We will trade anything we have for anything you ye got Come and see us. We're open for business. RAWS HORN BLASTS I ME servers art eternity losers. Hfcaven is the inte rpreter ot eaarth. A lire meeting needs little - lead ing. , Best criticism of the Bible would be to give us a better one. It is never hard to hold the people if you are really helping them. Some men -will not believe they are aved from drowning until they feel dry. You cannot -warm your heart on the Bible and refuse its light on your way. It's no use a man's praying for a clean heart ifMie will not vash his face. They who love God for His gifts never know how much His love can jrfve; You cannot warm your hands at the devil's fire without warping your heart. We need never measure our love until it surpasses the immeasurable love . , There is a -ood deal of difference between belief in Satan and trust in the Savior. Tbev who love like their Lord do not need to worry over the logic of their creed. The robe of righteousness cannot be won by giving away an old vest now and then. FEMIXIXE NEWS NOTES. Free Russia, when it comes, will owe much to'the Russian women. Mrs. Williani Astor, who had been threatened with pneumonia, was re ported better. The number of women students at the universities of Germany this semester is 1485. - Mrs. Clarence H. Mackay won her point to have corporal punishment restricted in the Roslyn (L. I.) schools. Miss -Mary Philbrook, of Newark, N. J., the first woman lawyer to prac tice in Virginia, has won c case in tha United States Court. Governor Vardeman, of Mississip pi, has appointed Miss Henrietta Mitchell, of Jackson, to be his aide-de-camp on his military staff, with the rank of colonel. Dr. Harriet S. French, for more than fifty years president of the Phil adelphia Branch of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, died of paralysis. She was eighty-two years old. More than 'one hundred girls of high prominent families in Korea have just been taken to the Korean imperial palace to select from among them a consort for the Crown Prince of Korea. Three out of every fifteen shops in the 'West End of London are owned by men or women, in society, who either keep - them under assumed names or have a large financial in terest in them. . ..- Mrs. Florine A. -Albright, now of New York City, whose family lived' in Louisiana, .was awarded a claim for property destroyed in the Civil War. She expects to sue the-Govern--ment for the value of 200 slaves If "there Is any basis, for the re ports from" 'Ecuador, suggests ; the Pittsburg Pcspatclv that there . was1 at one time a, possibility of the United States beins a3ked to buy the Gala pagos Islands for $5,000,000 and that the overthrow of President Garcia clcsed the incident there will be a general feeling that here it least was one revolution that did good." J. A. Maddrey, Cashier SPORTING BREVITIES. Gans is the greatest fighter, big or little, that ever put on boxing gloves. The Corinthian "socker" football team defeated Newark by a score of 7 to 1. Lieutenant Dillon with a score of 313- won the national individual rifle match at Sea Girt. The Vim, an American yacht, wou the Roosevelt Cup in .international contest with Germany. L. L. Whitman's six cylinder car made a record of fifty-seven hours from Chicago to New; York. Messrs. Reginald C. and Alfred G.. Vanderbilt's horses won champion honors at the Newport show. Cochato won the $13,500 Hartford. Futurity for three-jrear-old . trotters -at the Grand Circuit meeting. The infantry team of the United States army won the national team, trophy on ranges at Sea Girt, N. J. "Battling" Nelson had to be beaten, or prizefighting would have degener ated to brute force and goatlike b ut ting. ' Audubon Boy paced a mile in 1m. 59 s. without the aid of a wind shield at the New York State Fair at Syracuse. ' The . principals' committee on high school athletics In Chicago voted without a dissenting voice against offering a football championship pen nant this fall. Fling Axworthy (2.15) is the fastest four-year-old colt of the sea son. He is Wilkes-Electioneer product and a descendant of the fa mous Beautiful Bells (2.29 family on his dam's side. Beals C. Wright, of New York, won the Tri-State open tennis champion ship in Cincinnati, and in so doing carried off the far famed . Governor's bowl. He has won the championship three times in succession. TIIE NATIONAL GAME. .Overall and Walsh are the only, oachelors on Chicago's payroll now. It is announced that Patsy Dono van will again manage Brooklyn next season. Jake Weimer wants to be the best batting - pitcher in the National League. After winning fifteen straight games the New York Americans were defeated by Boston. ,.t. The Lynn, New England .League Club, has released outfielder Dono van, lae of Oswego. The Toronto Club has signed nut fielders Medensaul and George Ban non, late of Montreal. A lot of Walter Clarkson's. del col lege friends think that he is good enough for any league. The Chicago National League n' by defeating Pittsburg, won its one hundredth victory of the season. Jimmy Collins is practicing with his Boston American team-, but a limp still keeps him out of the game. The work of the pitcher. Mortlecai Browne, of the Chicago Nationals, will stand out in the history of l!!,;- When Flynn, of the Holy Cross College, joins the Boston team tlvr. will be five college 'players on t--5 team. A triple play unassisted was -complished by" First Baseman Mv.r of the Manchester Club of the Nff England League, in a game wiui New Bedford. Jack KiKqyie and Charles. Sowers owners of the Cleveland Easebju' Club, announce that they will P''e sent $500'.) to theii players if they win the pennant. .When catcher Kling's work for the Chicago Nationals is considered from all points of view.it will be seen to approximate-in brilliancy and effecc lveness that done by noted, pjr form ers ;o two decades ago. -- I ; The newspaper is. the watch the.:', pommunitv- ever on ir. e U3 rd against every form'; of " evil and ger; and it should be.tli 7 PJPerJ!',11, of every newspaper man; admen.-' the Kansas City Journal that h U 'J. sustain the high responsibilities he sumes.