Newspaper Page Text
1 A TTifSifeer
""V By Glfford tiriciiot, Chief F6reater of trie Unitea oxoteo. - 'ii-. ii t" do-nW ft 4a aworoaching with GREAT CmDer inmiiw iB " . . ... .1Vii Idering speed. Alter the .first national -Mf. fnrest reeerrea) were created tinder the act o March 8a. issi, .:5SKSr ttet. few rich 2J need not stop to aeecnoe. u - rr; whe " 11 W;na eoinr--to be-a great sQcxnase 01 umuw. yuw. r yrj,Wi-, tor; them to control what , SLfSS lIreonln'was' good, and, they, went, vigorous tf- Effect But' President .Roosevelt was awaKe to ;8n.". ' SX f?! if ld stlytter to hare some of the.-tober in the -Siettanda of a few gat owners strictly tor ttft2rt foratIn I aseded. He acted and created many. minion 2: -ie of this action, of the,; president, taicen il :TOT"rriL gV texcSive price Of lumber, it is curious to .find; J oflnced that the creation, of national forests is wu---j r it is raising the ' priee of - lumber to the consumer.. Ih 3fJe; JwWS the -price of lum- ' to WumerT and this is proved -by the fact that t" aorrapidly in the east, where . there . are no. national forest? than. in the " nef there are many. . ' ; Upon Sahity By Vice-President Vanderlip, of tne National City Bank, New Yorlc. i HERE is -no inherent reason in the conditions of agriculture, trade, industry - and finance in the . United States (that woum make necessary a period of further disturbance and depression. There are a thousand influences that should lead toward con tinued prosperity and renewed accomplishments, throughout the fields of Industry and commerce. The business of the coun- rrilt intrx sriA nt fhoQA Tmiilft SOlftlV AS the - TeSUlt Of V . ' v . , ...U J V9 AA VIAA AA. AAAlS VAAAV - - 1 ' . -rww or not. the oublic and the public's iegusiauve repxeeenuu md patient or are hasty and inconsiderate. If the intricate problem of . raii-:'-mur regulation is worked out in a spirit ctt fairness and intelllsence, if tne i -wastness of the problem is recognized, If the invoked relationships encoun . teed are taken into account and the far-reaching effects of -paternal resu ' Sationa. when appiled to so great and complicated a network are reckoned mh, and if an Intelligent understanding of the complication will lead to a patient attitude "toward results, then ,1 Relieve 'we will resume the road toward further prosperity. The moment that investors have become convinced . the problem is to have Ifalr and patient consideration In its solution, we 3521 start on tha road again with full measured pace. But if we are to have Thsgisiation based upon ,poHUcar advantage, if we are to adopt socialistic : decries wtoich will amount ;to the confiscation of property - rights, . If we are Co.li&ve reprisal for past wrongs, no matter how real, If action Is the one thing wanted first, and the, consideration of the intelligence and fairness of aradi action is to come afterward then I .believe it fa possible that the whole Smsiness structure may be facing a danger the proportion of which will be vneasured by the same vast figures as have been the totals that have marked She extent of our prosperity. and the Mome. Society ; -TjT If i '. .li n By Mary Stewart Cutting. T is a singular thing that to stand on one's own rights, lnwWch it would appear that there ought to be "a' certain justice; F?ems always, In fact, to be a very narrowing process, death -d.in to ' any fine enlightenment. The special structure Itself rests an the - consideration of the rights ol others) and all social life In . the -; home rests on it Nothing is in Itself good for anything except J in. the good that we get out of it, so that the. most beauntuiiy nrnlsbed house, the most finely cultured people, may not make for anything nrttad, anything that stimulates the imagination or the heart or the Intellect; l-S2ey may 'not give any of the spiritual comfort which is Informed with heart &9es6ing Interest. No one who goes to such-a house gets anything from it, xs a household, lut food and drink and comfortable chairs, and outside con 'versatian. There is nothing more to give you could get the same in a club .xv a hired drawing-room. Yet the smallest living-room may have that aspect 2 feomelif e in it which shows it to be the real thing and a power a power feecanse. the action and retroaction of intimate and sympathetic, and unselfish ; toterest among the members of a family generate some spiritual thing which Smmr the difference between the, person whp Is conventionally delightful in society and the person who lis. delightful in society because she is delightful Lome. Harper's Bazar. :r Appalling , -Irtdustrial IJeath-Roll . , By Edgar T, iDavies, Chief Factory In- . spector of Chicago. HE United States-is justly suffering the reproach of permitting the most reckilesa waste of human life of any civilized country in the world. ; TMis sad tfact is amply sustained by our own statistics.- Other industrial countries which we have completely outstripped in the race for the world's , business have, considered special regulation of dangerous trades and machinery a positive r necessity of modern industry. -Ve have done practically noth JSng. It is r high time that these facts became known to our people, that; the conditions be understood and the . public conscience, aroused so thats proper Treanedies may be applied, for! at the hands of our legislatures with some prom ise of success. The people of the United States, somewhat inflated with an 'ordinate sense of their own1 greartness '. and their -wonderful material pros perity, stupidly refuse in these times of peace to keep abreast of the en 32g3xtened humane countries of .the .world, but, go on killing every four years, according to reliable estimates, some 80,000 people more than all: who fell an battle and died offcwounds during the entire period of our civil war. In pother words, we are now, killing in industrial accidents over fifty per cent, snore people than two great armies would destroy in-the same period of time accoutred with all the horrible implements of ..death which modern Invention 1 2ias produced. -. MJ . r3 V :i . -I -i ttEFrenders of S l?e"Federal To tate-Rights Government ' h 'J ' .. Jul 7 : By Hon. John A; Tawney . Chairman ' Blouse Appropriations Committee, HE recent surrender by the southern States to the Federal gov ernment of , the exercise of the right reserved .to them by the const! tution to maintain, control and regulate local quarantine, primarily because: of the expense of a "State quarantine;, the practical surrender by the State Of Maryland of sovereignty i over ,her oyster beds that the State might be relieved of the ' pVrp.n?R nf an Janrurat. atrt nopsasrv curvov 4 ho VaAnyl , r , j w J , 0 : A.' vvtA ttl AAA "iipectkm of the products of private 'manufacturing establishments . and the : j... yanttary inspection and control of the establishments themselves; the Federal j irU3?UJ im , wuiuiui ouu , viiuu iauvi u iuuu lUUUBLTiai occupations, WiUI a rsew to securing Federal legislation, and -control ;; the. inspection of cattle and " iaa other asrlcultural products, . the , investigation of soils in which the tth1- r; HErai'government has no" interest; the care and disposition of timber 'on State ' 'lands'- the -actual breedins of horses and cattle DrimariW ffnr th funafl ite few, fancy-stx?ck raisers cf the country; the-making of topographic and areological surveys of States in wfcich the Federal government own? nn tn ' nemaking'of topographic surveys of cities and countries primarily: for the 1 benefit of municipalities, private owners of waterworks, and interurban and y, ther;-electric railways; :: the frea . testing- of coal for the benefit 'of ' -"nrfvatte . tram am - nlf nn.l 'Htio j ' tfio ' ' frloo astiniy , aerials, for the benefit of private Individuals, contractors and consulting engi . 'eers; the , work of - gaugipg etrcams that are, non-navigable and where the -federal government has no lard for the benefit of prospective investors in . ater power, ana ' the investigation of the business methods of private Indl--Tuliials and corporations these and many other , undertakings which belong 3cclusively to the States or' to private interests to do and to pay for have 'em authorized by congress and muat be pad d for out of the Federal treasury UNCLE: SAM : LAUGHS Cartoon by ogers, in the New Ycrt Herald, FARMLR5 REBEL AT PURL MILK RULEL Health Department Sys Hair on Cow's Tail and Flank Must Be Cut and Lights Put in Troughs Clean Suits For Milkers. ROCKEFELLER (R'iflS ' 247,692 OIL SHIES Books cf tho Standard Indicate Iherq Aiu 2000 StocKhoIdsrs. ; dozem Mm m tmmsim Light:; Thrown on Monopolyf Im , !;mehse Income at tearing of Gov-J errannt's Salt In New York' City f ,000,000 In Dividends. NeWYork City: For the first Jime In the. history of -Standard Oil"-the Identity bf the largest stockholder' in tie trusi Vas . dlsed.r',hii8 -was one .cZ: bahxjBiirprlses in the testimony brought out "by, Frank B. Kellogg, counsel for the Government in its suit to dissolve thp Standard Oil . Com pany of -New Jersey on the ground that it is a trust and is operating in violation to the Sherman anti-trust w. : ' - : ;;: It was known that John D. Rocke feller waa by far the largest holder of Standard Oil stock, and that his stock in fact repressnted about one fourth of the total, amount in the company, but as to other stock owner ship the public could only guess. : - Mr. Kellogg says he will show by the list of present stock ownership that the most important stockholders of to-day, are the same as in the old WE9 T'o,., "MOT, ivesigns irom Supreme CW Trenton. N. "t t.... Franklin TTnrf usce nated for Governor by th Kpuse. He is ex-Justice m bHt before he proceeded to , nomination, he handed hs eRi tloa to" Gov. Stokes, who platfortn. Former AttornSv05! John W. Griggs was temZS permanent' chairman. - v Justice Fort obtained 75 on the informal ballot. . tlH more than afclear major! tv werte 115 7 delegates. a "iJV make the 'nomination hv JM prevailed.'- ' ' , The. platform indorses th?v dent- Rmvukvolf ff!A,aV; ?? dit for an j jBgisiauoa ana gooa thia of ft vlding for the direct elertinn ed States Senators, promisps logjiuouuu rciauve to grand t favors vesting in the judicial power to retiew primary ana Z elections, to orflpr a , 6et s-eat the . properly elected M,5SI Proper legislation for the DAtiA. . i. lar legislation on excise. The 1 tion of Assemblymen by distill favored. Fiscal reforms and thai solidation of departments and 5 pe New Idea planks as to J and public utilities measnrlol more specific and definite, but W Florida, N. Y. Farmers In New York "State are receiving from the New York -Department of Health let ters setting forth the requirements of the department necessary to Insure a pure milk supply for the New York City market. The requirements run all the way from cleaning the window panes' of the cowpen to cutting the cow's hair. One farmer who had received a list of the department's requirements de clares that if some of the rules are carried out there will be a serious shortage of milk in the market, as to obey orders would mean a great ex pense and require so much time at tending to the animals that very little profit would result to the owners. The "While the price of milk for the coming six months by one big con trolling . concern " has been advanced sixteen per cent, over last year's price, it must be taken into consider ation that the. price of the principal feeds has gone up twenty-five per cent." t . . :.. y ' -. .:-. The same man pointed out that to meet the requirements more help would be required and that all this would eat up the little profit that the cow raiser now makes. : In addition it is hard to get competent help. Too Early For Cleaning. One requirement to which local farmers make strenuous objection is that requiring that the cowshed be thoroughly cleaned , before the cows are milked. As the milking is done very early each morning, perhaps long before daylight, it can be seen that the cleaning process will be al most an. Impossibility. The farmer is not wealthy, and many of them have nob the cash to make the re quired improvements about . their premises. - - "Where are our very small present profits' to come in?" said an owner of several head after reading . the de partment circular. "Where 1s.. the money to come from to put in a 'non absorbent floor and six-inch gutters with rounded corners of the non-absorbent material? Are we required to put inUIghts, so that the feeding troughs be lighted? I am unable to see .where it Insures pure milk to have tfce cow Bee what she is eating, or perhaps have the window clean so that she may gaze pensively, over the barnyard while she chews her cud. " "Another requirement is that all the help be provided with clean suits when they go in to make the cows comfortable or relieve them of their milk. My wife would object to that, and farmers wives never have much tO dO." ' : As a general thin? the farmers do not believe that epidemic of disease has been caused by the condition of the milk they have sent to the mar ket, and they considerthat the Health Department's demands are beyond reason. Already some are deter mined not to send their milk to New York City, and are arranging to send it elsewhere or dispose of it locally. Health Department Requirements. Some of the requirements of the New York Department of Health fol low: . - That the floors be constructed of concrete or some non-absorbent mate rial. That the floors be made water tight and properly graded. That the drops or. gutters be con structed of-concrete, stone, or some non-absorbent material. That -they be at least six inches iiv. depth, with all corners rpunded. V- That the feeding troughs, plat forms and cribs be well lighted and kept clean at all times. , That additional windows be in stalled in the cow barn to provide sufficient light.- (Two square feet of window space for each cow to be the minimum). . That the window panes be washed and kept clean at all times. That the walls and ledges be thor oughly swept down and kept free from dust, dirt or cobwebs , at all times. That an inspection of the herd by a veterinarian be made and a copy o I his report forwarded to this depart ment. . ) That the long hairs on the flanks and tall be clipped and kept short at Lall times. . That clean, special suits be pro vided for all the attendants engaged in the, production and) handling of milk.. ; ; ; . That the milk at all times be strained at the milk house, and in an atmosphere free from dust or odors. That the milk pails used be of the small-mouthed design, so constructed that they can be readily and thor oughly cleaned, and top opening not to exceed eight inches in diameter. - , That racks be provided in some suitable place so as to expose the mils pails to the sun or to live steam. . , That .a milk -house be built and lo cated ' on elevated ground, with no hog pen within 100 feet. - The New York 1 .Health Depart ment's instruf tlons tell' the farmer, in conclusion that no milk on his prem ises will be permitted to be brought into the city of New York unless con ditions are remedied within a certain time. ft A NICE YOUNG MAN. new zz; , t m$?fjs I Bur. rYE cut 1 '(2 LEADING HOLDINGS ' INOIIj TOUST; v THEIR VALUE AT PRESENT riXICE. yt , 1a o?e;COnle - thc day's proceedings inthe hearing 0 th yUnited-States Government's suit to dissolve fh t-tlJrZ Trust, the Federal representative Beauty AttiSSS n U Frank B. Kellogg, developed tTtoui " intnSS leading shareholders of record last month TShSfof fi. respective holdings at current ,ttnot8 fri tf f " . No. of Worth at .TnTtTi TV TVofn "1 vtu rt oaare. Charles H. Pratt. . ' , ! V. . J V y '"sW D. M. Harkness estate. .......... . 42,000 Oliver H. Payne. ........ . . ..'.". 40 000 Henry M. Flagler. ..... . ......... 30',500 O. B. Jennings estate. ............ . . . 17,000 ' AkWScTS ............... J. A; Bostwick estate. William Rockefeller ... '. ...C. .M. Brewster estate. ........!!. Charles Xockhart. . . . . .... ', , L. C. Ledyard and Payne Whitney William C-Whitnej estate. ... Wesley H. TUford. ........!!!. John D. Archbold . . . W. G. Worden. University of ' Chicago ,."" Charles M. Pratt . . ....... Daniel O'Day estate 16,020 15,000 11,700 10,000 ,50O 8,000 8,000 6,000 6,000 5,85S t 5, COO 5,000 2,655 Standard. Oil's Capital .........! D83,'38S $108,984,480 23,186,080 .18,480,000 17,600,000 13,420,000 7,480,000 7,048,800 6,600,000 5,148,000 4,400,000 3,740,000 3,520,000 3,520,000 2,640,000 2,G40,000 2,577,520 2,200,000 2,200,000 1,168,200 $432,688,520 unlawful corporation, and that there liave been but few changes either in stock holdings or management since the old Oil Trust was dissolved. , j More than one-halt of the shares of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, which, earned profits of nearly $500,000,000 in eight years, are held by ten men and estates. 1 . Accountants who are working un der the direction of Kellocre: have found, also that since the formation of the original combination in Ohio, In 1882, the profits of the oil monop oly have amounted to 4900,000,000. From the books of the New Jersey Standard Kellogg brought to light the present stock holdings of the oil magnates. There are in round num bers 2000, stockholders, but, a round dozen men absolutely control the or ganization with all 4ts vast, capital and earnings.. ; John D. Rockefeller heads the list with 247,692 shares, indicating that the Oil King has reduced his holdings by 9162 shares, his portion of the liquidating certificates, reported in a recent paper, was allotted to' him. The. estate of Charles H: Pratt con trols 52,582 shares, the p. M; Hark ness estate 42,000 shares, Oliver H. Payne 40,000,' Henry M.-Flagler 30, 000. ; By this list, which Is the stockhold ers record of August 17, 1907, it is shown '- that William , Rockefeller, brother of le Rol du Petroleum, as the French call John D.; owns only 11, 700, and H. H. Rogers, to the surprise Of the Street, only 16,020. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., possesses only 120 shares, and his wife 32; while H. H. Rogers, Jr., has to - his credit 1050 shares. Another great surprise la that John D. Archbold, to many , re garded as the " logical successor to John D; Rockefeller, owns only 6000 shares of the stock. I - , One surprising development of the Standard OiJ inquiry was that H. H. Rogers, who- all along' has , been classed as the third largest holder of the Oil Trust stock and C rated as an VOil King," really owns only 16,020 shares. His son, H. H. Rogers. Jr.. LholaTs 1050, and Mrs. Rogers 225, so that the family has only 17,295. i It would appear ' from the above ' . 1 i-uiumucu iiguies t ucit xvuui4.t:it;iit;r una 1 I At. CtAMJ 3 I , 2 ! 11U1U UI9 oiduuai U JLl UI', TX7rm i"XT9rii Iron r. "i OOO A y-. Kin? ' nui.j-iuut ;iua uuui xuuu -vvr X7U V, something like $143, 499,954. , The published list of his benefactions. : so flrt&r as a record is obtainable of them. PRESIDENT WILL HUXT. Mr. Roosevelt , to Harf Seventeen ; Days of Uninterrupted Recreation. I J announced' his formal acceptance c the invitation extended to Mm socl time ago to go on a hunting trip is Louisiana during his projected donj the-Mississippi journey, and in cods! qnence of that acceptance he willk in the canebrakes from October 4 s 21.- The details of the Louisiana journ, which is to be called a "caE ing expedition," have not yet bee worked out and the exact spot wberj the : President and his friends v- pitch, their tents is not annoum It ia said that it will be somewhere S the northeastern section of the Stats near enough to a telegraph wire fc Assistant Secretary Latta, who vl be stationed within reach, to put hU in touch with official business If tk need arises, yet far . enough away K the President to eh joy seventeen da?J of uninterrupted recreation with 14 t . 1 1 2 nr Anaa T:' require his attention, . YOUNG ROCKEFELLER QHTS- a, Whkj Victim of Nervotts Dyspepsia, ' Made Father Retire scw xots. uizy. jonn u. wj feller, 'Jr thirty-four years of M and -the wealthiest man in the wor of ,his ; age, ; has . succumbed to om work .and is -bordering on a comply breakdowij ' from nervous dysPePft such as forced the retirement of tsj elder Rockefeller a dozen years and drove him: to a bread and wa Thfl fart of vonner Mr. Rcckefell' condition ' became known simu ously with' the announcement that no longer wculd be the leader oi Young Men'lible Class of the rjj Avenue Baptist Church. The yore m; t j 11- v 1 Vio.lt3 n the letter of resignation sent to Bible Class. ' , Lx OMahbma's ConstitnUon Is strictly prohibition. News Item. "ar"X irr .- Li. 1 1 .1 - - : --Cartoon' from the Pittaburg Press. - V N. Yi CENTRAL MAIL FIXE Penalty For Delayed Trains Aim ' ' .Every Railroad Mulcted. Washington. D. C Delayed 0 av -v. vnrir Cenm amountsto. ?102,055,000,- or, some- 1 nno urine the ouarj thintr ti-,r-Q.fiffv1e nt t nearly $37,000 during tne .1 -AA M..K'41 nf tliia war. 1 1 cuc'i iuaivu x va iu j thing over three-fifths of his entire income from Standard Oil stock. New Christian Science By-Law . -The Christian Science Church .issued-a new by-law requiring that in all cases when Scientists die suddenly everjr assistance shall be given the State and city authorities to deter mine the cause of death. : -: t cally; every, railroad in the c0U 4 was similarly, mulcted, althou amounts vary. Tne renn: j came in for 'its share, losing thousands from Its mail-carry on one route alone.- One diyis.o , the Southern dropped aDOJi j All told, the railroads of the co ji lost over S800,000 last year thro J wncatiafirfnrv: handling or "ie t CARRIE NATION TO WORKHOUSE. She Rejected Offer of the ; Cotirt to . Accept Her Bonds Not to Repeat. ' ' Washington; D. C Mrs. Carrie Nation, who was'arrested for lectur ing , a crowd 'from r the -steps of the Postoffice Department , Building, . re jected the offer of 'Police Judge Rundy to accept her" personal bond not to repeat the offence, and, declin ing to pay the fine of $25 he imposed for the charge of disorderly conduct, was sent to the workhouse. f or seventy-five days. ; i AERONAUT'S FATAL FAlJ ) Five Thousand See Tragedy at ' rv.nTt-r 17ir. Ohio :Troy.: Ohiodward Kra,. Dayton, an. aeronaut, Pluff" death from the' parachute ia IIoC he was aescenamg t HnTrtne- an ascension from ;hosi rnnnfv fair crounds here. 1 - m young man's instant deatn.