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Hereditary9 Criminals However Explained, They Tend, to' Pen petuate the Ancestral Type . y F.uvQtie Smith : V - O- is: HB.mes of October 29th comments torly Judg - Jsters article advocating a cure tor crime wkich appear ie NoTeer 'umberof f' The rem edy proposed by Judge Foster is a measure of treatment "tx friHtate from toe J t0 firmed criminals." Your argument against this measura may be stated succinctly as not propagated, thirougJi heredity but is the Puc J bad environment. hence the proposed treatment - j. It is certainly true that environment exerts afflopotent influence in the extension of crime, but it is difficult to believe that Mood counts f or nothing. The contrast between the descendants of Max Jukesnao JoJiatllan Edwards cited in Judge Foster's articles ds a remarkable one. ihe if acts are stated fax Boles's "Science of Penology," (Putnam's, 190W se 327. A research traced the descendants of these two individuals tbrougn a period exceeding 150 years. Both stocks were prolific, for the investigation accounted for 1,200 descendants of Jukes and over 1,300 descendants oi awards. Both records show a persistence of the family type; the descendants of Jukes, who was a worthless drunkard, continued from generation to generation to be criminals, paupers, and degenerates; the descendants of Jonathan Edwards were uniform ly useful citizens, hundreds of them filling the hig&est positions in the church, the state, and the nation. These Instances, many examples of which on a more limited scale are matters of common experience, are accounted for by Judge Foster as due to hereditary transmission. They are accounted for by you as the results of a vicious and of a beneflcient environment. Which theory is. correct, or whether both heredity and- environment combine to produce the result are academic questions, the answers to which are not really essential in dter-x mining the value of the proposed measure. The fact remains that the descen dants of confirmed and incorrigible criminals tend to perpetuate the ancestral type. .The environment into which they are born, and in which they are bred, is, and always will be vicious and fraught with danger to society. Leave here dity outside the question and say that the danger lies in the continued environ ment. "Why should the community suffer this danger? What humane reason can be urged for permitting Jukes families to extend their line, bringing woe to the offi-spHng and peril to the public? The transmission of the environment from generation to generation Is an offense against humanity and against the State. The object of all criminal law and of all penal measures in the treat ment of convicts is public protection- against crime. If crime Is perpetuated by transmission, whether through heredity or througu environment, Is it "not the duty of the State to stop the transmission? Post Office Cats Thoughts on the Recent Government Jlp propriation for Cat Meat By Harold Van Santooord NORTH STATE' NEWS " Items of State Interest Gathered . . and Told in Brief. : - B Y an edict of Postmaster General Hitchcock cats are author ized to be provided with food and lodging by all Post Offices of the first and second class. That Is to say, each of the larger offices is entitled to an appropriation for the mainten ance of its tutelary cat. In the present fiscal year It Is esti mated the department will spend 5 135. for cat meat. But we Mwir the appropriation is ridiculously- below the actual cost of providing Poet Office cats with the proven der they need. Unless it Is proposed to stint their rations as a means of encouraging them to prey on rats and mice, It would seem, from a superficial view, to be a piece of niggardly economy. But even then, as we reckon, uhere are in round numbers 6,000 Presidential offices, so that each would be entitled to only jtwo and a quarter cents annually for oat meat. Gauging the Post Office cat's appetite is a more delicate operation than assigning a limit to the political aspirant's greed, or measuring an office hold er's capacity for emoluments. "The harmless, necessary cat, to borrow Shy lock's phrase, should be well fed rather than starved to excite a predatory epirit, lest in its hunger and search for delicatessen it Is driven to tamper with the mails. Bat unless th cat can be taught to lick stamps for customers, is it not apt to be regarded as a mere ornamental appanage of the Postal Service? Rats and mice that infest first and second class Post Offices can be as easily caught in traps. Would not excessive bills for cat meat form a convenient cover for fraud and peculation when accounts are rendered for official dis bursements? But perish the thought. y FOB STATE WATEifcW AY. Items Carried in River and Harbor BilT for this State. A' special sfrom Washington of last Thursday says the River and Harbor bill will carry the items named below for North Carolina, and Senator Simmons may be able to have many' of the appropriations in creased. The bill has got to go to: the Senate and may undergo many changes: ' : ; Improving- waterway from Norfolk harbor to Albemarle sound and for maintenance of improvement of in land water route, from Norfolk to Albemarle sound through Currituck sound,; $5,000. " Improving waterway from Norfolk to the sound $5,000. Improving harbor1 at Beaufort, $5, 000. Improving Beaufort inlet $7, 500. Improving Manteo harbor, com pleting improvement in accordance with the report submitted in Sixtieth Congress, first session, $12,750. Im proving Bay river, completing im provement in accordance with the report submitted in Sixty-first Con gress, second session $21,000. Improv ing Cape Fear river above Wilming ton, continuing improvement with a view t securing a navigable depth of eight feet up to Fayetteville, in cluding surveys and acquisition of land for sites for locks and , dams and completion of plans for the same, in v accordance 1 with .the report sub mitted to Sixtieth Congress, first session, $10,000. Improving Cape Fear river at and below Wilmington continuing improvement to such depth in excess of twenty feet as the appropriation for the work may per mit, due regard being given to the difference in tidal oscillation at the upper and lower portion of the im provement, $200,000. Improving. Con tentnea creek, $2,000. Improving Fishing creek, $1,500. Improving Neuse and Trent rivers, continuing improvement and for maintenance, including work in accordance with the plan for securing a depth of four feet; in the Trent river from New bern to Trenton as recommended to Sixtieth Congress second session, $36,000. Improving New river and waterways to Beaufort, continuing improvement, and for maintenance of New river, including inland water ways between Beaufort harbor and New river, and between New river I and Swansboro, $22,700, of which sum : o, uu may De expenaea upon New river in accordance with the report submitted Jo the Sixtieth Con gress, second session.; Improving Northeast, Black and Cape Fear riv ers, for maintenance of improve ment of Northeast and Black rivers and of Cape Fear river above Wil mington, $7,000. Improving" Pamlico and Tar rivers, $5,000. Improving Roanoke river, $5,000. Improving Seuppernong river, $2,500. Improv ing South, river, completing improve ment in accordance with the report submitted to Sixtieth. Congress, first session, $16,000. Waterway from Pamlico' sound to Beaufort inlets $10, 000. Improving waterway connect ing Swan Quarter bay, with Deep bay, completing improvement in ac cordance with the report submitted to the Sixtieth Congrss, first session, $14,575. Th e.. AROUND NORTH CAROLINA IMPROVE ; STATEl HOSPITALS. f : ' ' Nearly $500,000 Spent in Enlarging - Asylums . to Meet Demands. , L The North Carolina State Hospital Commission reports ; to Governor Kitchin of operations of the com mission under provisions of the act of the General "Assembly, for ex pending; $500,000 ' in enlarging the capacity and improving equipment of the State hospitals at Raleigh, ..Mor ganton and Goldsboro, that $447,528 has been expended, with $30,045 re maining on hand. The report shows $317,511 expended on the Central Hospital at Raleigh; $65,599.52 on the Western Hospital at Morganton; $60,928 on the Eastern Hospital at Goldsboro., , The stem of $3,489.23 is reported as the total cost of the administration by the commission. The commission has provided for 828. white insane, and white insane epileptics and 84 colored. There isnow room in the hospital at Raleigh for at least - 400 more' patients than are there, and the hospital at Morganton is now capable of accommodating the pres ent demands upon the institution, the two being of equal capacity.. - The commission insists that there is now 'any valid reason why every white insane person in the State and white insane epileptic cannot be cared for by the State. ' Biz Meeting for Greensboro. . The North Carolina Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis meets in; Greensboro March -15-16, and promises to be the ; largest public health gathering that has ever as sembled in the South. 'Men from every section of North Carolina, have ben selected by the association to . speak on every phase of tubercu losis; the national association has directed its highest officers to be present and speak on the national crusade against this disease, and other States are sending delesates and representative men. Gov. Kithin will open the meeting and make the welcome address. - All Primaries on One Day. .-' Democratic State Chairman A. H. Eller announced last week that he and his special committee from the State Democratic Executive Com mittee have decided to recommend to the full . committee that it be called together in about thirty days; that there be a common, day for all the counties throughout the State tG hold their primaries, and also their subsequent county convention. There are. other minor changes to be pro, posed, the report not being perfect ed. Later conferences are to be held to perfect - the work of the special committee, and then the State chair man will call the State commitee to gether to take action. TAFT DEFENDS- PARTY. Declares Pledges" Have ' Arranged Program. Members of the cabinet of the North Carolina Epworth League gathered in Greensboro last Saturday and held its annual session. The work of the league for the year was thoroughly discussed and plans were laid for advance along all lines of league work.' Among other things the cabinet arranged the program ...for the Epworth League conference which meets this year at Hertford. SODL SURVEY WORK. Paris Few People Kjiow By B. D. Cooper I 4 A t J i tit rffi iTi ati ill iTi A J. -- . A A -I, AJ.A A A ,1t. A T was months before I found what most visitors to Paris seem never to find at all the Roman amphitheatre which lies at the foot of the almost clif like eastern slope of the Mont Ste.-Genevieve. At what period, by what catastrophe, what sack or burning of the cfty, it was buried, no one knows. All trace and remembrance of it had been lost , when sixty or seventy years ago the engineers ,who were cutting the new Rue Monge ran straight into it.. Since - , then it has been entirely excavated and somewhat repaired. -Its condition is as good as that of the amphitheatre at. Verona, and It is larger than the one at Pompeii. As the Roman city of the Farlsll centred upon the islands in the Seine, this must have been a suburban pleasure-ground. Together with the Palais des Therm es it stands as a last great, impressive fragment of Roman Paris. Passing .in between the high walls which support the shelving tiers of seats, one sees on either hand the niches, some shallow, some deep as caves, in which slaves, wild animals, and perhaps Christian martyrs were confined before, their struggle came. On November mornings, when the bleak, empty, seats . are strewn with rain-drenched leaves, the place Is haunted by melancholy, and, the passage across -the arena of an oc-; caslonal child with his nursemaid the only living beings I ever saw there , coiy deepens the Impression. Harper's Magazine. rat . ... , ... , . Meat'Eaters and I- , By Mdul Maid NDlAr Is often pointed out as a country where the common diet is vegetables, and it is sometimes alleged by the food reformers that the strongest Indians are found to subsist on a pure vegetable diet. The fact is that meat forms a part of the diet of all the Indian communities that can really boast of their physical strength. The gallant Rajputs, the sturdy Pathans, the valiant Sikhs all of whom represent the warlike classes of India are well-known flesh-eaters. The only abstainers are the Jains and a section of the Arya Samajiats. But these communities have never been known to exhibit any sort of physical superiority over the fleBh eaters. They have never produced a warrior. The most intellectual classes of India are again found to be flesheaters. The Parsis, the Bengalis, the Kaghmiries, the Kasths, all of them partake more or lees of animal food. The entire Mussulman community of India forming a population of About sixty millions the intellectual and physical activities of which are too well known to be repeated here, is, with only a few excep- uwu, ne&a-eaung community. A Lost Art. v ; They say that a mummy just ar rived in New York is that of the cook of Remeses II." That so? Well, somebody, had the secret of keeping a cook," and the au-? burbanite sighed wistfully. Philadel phia Public Ledger. , ; , An ancient font, removed years ago from St. James' Parish. , church, Ixratbv Ire- has been discovered in -use as . a flower pot and . replaced , in the church..' . , . . Perhaps, He Doesn't. v "Pa?" "Yes." J "Why do they say. "he. swears like a trooper,' or 'he swears like a pirat,?' Why dont they use something more up to date?" "What, for instance?" , . "Why don't they say, he ewearsr like an automobile fixer?" Boston Herald. The word "mikado" signifies some thing like -the sacred gate", or "the Additional Experimental Stations to . be Located.) A special from Washington, D. CL, of last week, says a conference has been arranged between Dr. B. W. Kil gore, chemist of the North Carolina department of agriculture, and Mr. W. E. Hearn, of the bureau of soils. United States department of agricul ture, who has charge of the co operative soil survey work in the State of North Carolina. Mr. Hearn will proceed to Raleigh at an early date in order to discuss with Dr. Kilgore, the location of additional field experiments upon the most im portant soil types which have been shown by the soil survey to exist in the different portions of North Caro lina.. The soil conditions in various counties will be discussed. Soon after the first of March the soil survey work will be begun in Mecklenburg ' and Granville "counties. The work of the soil surveys of these two areas will be completed about July 1st. Death Chair to be Beady. The State's prison authorities, at Raleigh, announce that the missing 5 parts of the electric death chair have I been shipped from Fort Wayne, Ind., and that the date now set for the first electrocutions is March 26. when Walter Morrison, of Robeson county, and John Atkinson, a ' first-degree murderer, will pay the death pen alty. Widow Receives $10,000. The Southern Railway has paid to Mrs. Virgil E. Holcomb, of M. Airy, $10,000 fox the death of her husband, who was one of the dozen persons killed in the wreck near Brown Siimmit, December 15. Briefly Noted, The town of Jonesboro at a special election last Thursday voted a bond issue of $15,000 for the installing of a waterworks ' system. ' The Chamber ' of Commerce of Greensboro has been revived. v Burlington is considering a $5Q, 000 bond issue for street improve ments. February term of Rowan court was called oil on account of smallpox in the count jail. Shad during the past week on the New Bern market were very 'Scarce. Roes sold at $1.50, while bucks brought 75 cents. A. W. McClain, of Lnmberton, has bought the interest of John Blue and Sons ?in the Virginia and Carolina Southern railroad. " ' The road will be extended to Elizabethtown, Bladen county. ' : Judge R. W. Winston, of Raleigh is raasmg ine money necessary to put a marble bust of Senator Ransom in ' the Capitol building at Raleigh. The cost is to be $1,500. Rockingham county commissioners will in March consider the matter of building a new jail. The citizens of . Granville county ' have organized an association to bold an annual county fair; The trustees of the University of North Carolina v bave ' elected Dr. Lucius P. McGhee, now of New York, dean ' of the University Law School, to succeed the late Judge James C. McRae. - . . . .-. . Figures of the Asheville traffic division of . the : Southern railroad, compiled by ,A. K. Orr, division freight agent, says that, the lumber ing business is now in the lead of any other industry 'of -the western part of the State. ! Camnaizn TRppti Redeemed. New York, Special. If Wall Street methods are such that the enforce ment of the law will promot 3 panic, then the quicker the methods are changed the better. Thus President y Taft, at the Lincoln dinner : of the Republican Club last Saturday made final reply to the pleadings of ." The Interest--." - . , There will be no running amuck" 6n the part of the administration, the president declared; but the law will be enforced the Sherman anti-trust law", specifically. Recurring to the platform . pledges of-'the " Republican party," the president pointedly - re minded his throng of hearers that no promises bad been made td repeal or amend ' or In any way to abate the rigors of the Sherman law . ' v This law is on the statute books to be enforced, the president declared, and it is the purpose of ! s adminis tration to enforce it.v As; n amelior ating agency, all that tHi president had to offer was the Federal incor poration bill, "which is pending at Washington for the congress to take or let alone, as it pleases. But there is nothing more in this act that is in any way intended to let down the bars of the Sherman act even to those that avail themselves of it. In brief, the president renewed all of the strong declarations of the first message to congress and the special message ou interstate . commerce and Federal incorporation, and it must be taken for granted that bis party is behind him in his plans, for the three thousand or more Republican diners who listened to the address cheered every declaration to the echo. ., Taft returned to his1 defense of the tariff, and by fisrures showing the op eration of the Payne law of the past six months arsrued a decided revision downward. He pledged his adminis tration anew to the postal savings bank system, rlid in a general way covered the entire range of his legisla tive platform as it was laid down in the Republicican platform and has since been devolped in the president's successive messages to Congress. It was upon the corporation policy, however, that the president laid greatest stress, and that he has not changed his mind. 1 THE WEEK IN CONGRESS. House Democrats to Line Up Against Ship Subsidy BilL Washington, D. C, Special. Ship subsidy legislation seems almost cer tain to pass the Senate, but the Demo crats in the House are preparing to line "up against the bill and they be lieve that with some Republican as sistance they will be able to defeat it. . - The question of whether the House committee on ways and means will undetake the investigation of the high cost of living, in view of. the action of the Senate, is still unde termined. Postal savings banks and appropriation bills will take up prac tically the entire week in the Senate In the House the rivers and harbors bill will probably occupy consider able time and there are other appro priation bills ready for considera tion. Among these is the postffice bill "carrying about $240,000,000 and the Indian bill. The Ballinger-Pinchot investiga tion is scheduled for resumption. Newpf the National Capitb! Briefly Noted in - Passing for; the Reader. Issues Injunction Against Southern. Richmond, Va., Special Based on complaint of the Tennessee Central railroad. Judge Edmund Waddill, Jr., in the United States circuit court here last week issued a restraining order against the Southern railway by which the latter is prevented from withdrawing tariff rates and tariff agreements, whieh the Tennessee Cen tral claims would virtually disrupt its interstate business. Foods Must be Stamped. Commissioner of Agriculture Gra ham calls attention to the fact that the weight must be stamped on all packages of buckwheat flour and other foods so customers can be sure of weights being correct. This is under the .pure food law. He has -held up foods at Asheville which were , not stamped with the weight. Briefly Noted. - Hertford is to have a new $20,000 hotel in place of the old Eagle tavern. The people of Jonesboro township,' Lee county, at an election last Sat urday, voted for a bond issue of $15,000 for good roads.- - ' The latest enterprise for Lumber ton is a building and Loan associa tion which has just been incorporat ed. - Congressman Thomas of the third congressional district has appointed Carl P. Bart ling of Newbern to the vacancy now existing at the An napolis naval academy for this dis trict. ' - The 2-year-old child of Mr. ' and Mrs. Roger Collins, of Wishart's townsnip, Robeson county, was burn ed tc death last Saturdaj'. Beginning Sunday, February 13th, the Virginia & Carolina Southern will operate a Sunday train from Lum berton to Fayetteville. , Rev. Alvin Betts, who some years ago retired from active work in the Baptist ministry died very suddenly at bis home, in Raleigh, last Mon day, aged 82. Alleghany county "has paid the sum of $2.83 during the last year for feeding prisoner in jail. ' . - ,The Governor has ordered a special term of court for Guilford; for , two weeks, beginning March 5, for civil cases, Judge Ward to preside. R. S.'THowland, of Asherillehas bought a flying- machine. It ' ig a Wright model, and is to be delivered May 1st. ' 'A ' There arrived in Fayetteville last week 14 cars of seed potatoes for, dis tribution .in , that section and 20, more Big Fire at Vicksburg, Miss. v.. Vicksbursr, Miss.v Special. Fire here Saturday, in the central portion of the city, caused the loss of $300,-000. Senator Heybufn of Idaho, thef only member of the senate who seems disposed to -renew the. War. Between the States, broke out in the senate again last Monday,' and he. go. squashed in good fashion. It was one of the very few times in the senate .wben more . than some three or four senators ever, havehstened t6 Mr. Heyburn,' but nearly every senator about the capitol some 50 odd was : in J his seat and listened quietly and with apparent seriousness to a lon, harangue against the South. They wore disgusted counten ances and at the conclusion ; they unanimously sat down on him. The Southerners sat" quietly, except, of course, Jeff Davis, who came near destroying the effectiveness of a mas terful stroke on the part of the Democrats by butting in. . Tfce snkvr was 6oeakins m op position -to a resolution by Senator Bankhead oi AJaDama w autuuic the war department to lend army tents and other supplies to the Con federate Veterans association for the forthcoming reunion at Mobile, Ala., several Southern senators really wanted .to make reply, but inasmuch as it was apparent to all tnat tne Idaho senator was speaking only for himself and against the decided ap proval of the other Republican sena tors, it was determined to ignore the remarks. Senator Bankhead arose and there was a general expectancy that some thing was going to happen, but the Alabama senator merely remarked, "Mr. President, I know that the sen ator from Idaho feels better now, and I ask for a vote on the resolution." Every Republican senator, except Heyburn, voted on roll, call with' the Democrats in' favor of -lending the tents to the Confederate veterans. There was a general . desire on the part of the Democrats to have either Bailey or Money reply to Heyburn. Either one of these would have made a telling reply without using any language discourteous to. the general run of Northern people, whose sena tors hstA KiOTiified their intention of voting for the resolution. There is small disposition on either side here to fight the 50-year-ago war over at this late day, and such men as Hey burn, mighty few in number are con sidered as only! jokes.-r Zach McGee, in Columbia (S. C.) State. Less Cash Per, Capita.' ; : On the basis of an equal distri bution of the money in circulation in the United States on February 1, fcvery person' would have 18 cents less than he or she had a year ago. The circulation per capita on-the first in ktant was $34.82 ; a year ago it was $35. - Both population and money in circulation have increased during the year. - February 11909, the circula tion aggregarted $3,091,31246, while three days ago it amounted to $3,125, 58,720. More Uhan" three "hundred millions of the general stock of money in the United States, which-Vmounts to $3,42835,968, is held in the Treasury as assets of the Government. Want Government Supervision. - Pointing to each new mine disaster as an additional reason, why ,-a nation al bureau of mines should be created, J. F. Callbreath, Jr., secretary of the .American Mining" congress, ' declared here Monday that an investigation of the cause of these disasters by the federal . government was urgent.- ; . 2,500 Sailors Couldn't Swim. Attention is directed in an official report by Rear-Admiral Schroeder, in command of the Atlantic fleet, now engaged in practice maneuvers in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba,- to the re markable fact that more than 2,500 men in the fleet cannot swim. .President Taft and Senator AldriA are planning ;aa investigation of eco. nomic eon anions as aiiecung prices whieli ' will reach "but and oversliado anything of . the kind ever attempt in "the United States. Behind it thev will put a directing force whu-h make a new record in official invest;, gations. Quick returns, based upoa a scientifically practical inquir-( be aemanded. It will not be a lon tenure commission of plump salaries and little labor. There will be 9 snappy, vigorous examination by ex, perts, with a view to remedial leis, lalion. It will be intensely practical. When Congress convenes next De, cember the men who conduct the in. quiry will be expected to have at hand Information of a broad ireneral" character, and a plan to blot out any, thing .which is undesirable. Neither of the resolutions -whiei have been offered in the Senate 13 likely to be found adequate in their present form for the inquiry which is desired. ' One which was offered by Senator Lodge has been renortpi favorably by the Committee on Fi nance. Having been reintroduced the Elkjns resolution is also in the hands of the Committee on Contb gent Expenses, which is estimating the cost of the inquiry which is cov ered by the Lodge resolution. Some combination of the two is probable. Discoveries important to national life may result from the inquiry. If, as Secretary , Wilson contends the' farms have been deserted to increase the population of the cities, there will be presented the problem of re-colonization. Cotton Tax May Be Refunded. If the bills introduced in Congress something like $68,000,000 illegally collected during the civil war from the cotton tax should pass, the fol lowing amounts would be distributed: Alabama, $10,000,00; Arkansas, $2.- 000. 000; Florida, $1,000,000; Geor gia, $12,000,000; Louisiana, $10,000. 000; Mississippi, $9,000,000; North Carolina, $2,000,000; South Carolina, $4,000,000; Tennessee, $8,000,000; Texas, $5y000,000, and smaller amounts in other States. The levy and collection of this tax was author ized, by the Act of Congress of July 1, 1862." In accordance with this Act, which was the first on the sn ject, the. enormous sum of $68,082, 388.99 was collected. - Imports of Farm Products. Farm products imported into the United States during the fiscal year 1907 the year of highest record amounted in valne to nearly $627, 000,000. Imports, for 1908 were valu ed, at $540,000,000 in round numbers. The average for the -five years 1901 1905 was a trifle oyer $455,000,000. These figures appear in a bulletin is sued by the Department of Agricul ture, which reviews our imports of farm products" during a periodTreae ing back to the middle of the last centnry. -- - The Department of Agriculture has recommended after a thorough test, Yantos. Taros and Dashoons as promising root crops' for the South. The plants comprise salad plants, tu bers which are excellent for table use and also" for stock feed and are valuable sources of starch and alco hol. .- - - Thinks Taft Will be President Again. New York. Special. In the opinion of Chas. E. Hughes of New York, President Taft will be renominated and reelected a president of the Unit ed States'. The R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Com pany has purchased the' Mount Airy cotton mill property at .Mount j.Airy from the ' receivers, the price being $11,799.40.- ' To Inspect Panama Canal. ' . New Orleans,,, Special. More, than a hundred 'members of the National Editorial Association, which conclud ed its annual convention here Satur day, left on the steamer Cart ago for Panama! Their inspection of, the canal zone will cover a period of sev eral days. Pass Extradition BilL The senate last Monday passed, the bill providing for the extradition of criminals from one state to another on "information" as well as indict ment proceedings. ; Keith to Succeed Himself. It is rumored here that B. F. Keith will be .appointed collector of the. port of Wilmington, N. C, 'to suc ceed himself. To Study Industrial Education. Washington, Special. Industrial education in all . probability will be the subject of an exhaustive study by the United States bureau, of labor in the early spring. ' Cotton Bales Lighter. ' New Orleans, Special. Secretary Hester, of the New Orleans Cotton Exchange has issued a statement of weights on" 6,238,824 bales of cotton handled at ports and across the Mississippi, Ohio and Potomac rivers, overland to American manufacturers outside of the cotton belt during the months of September. to January, in clusive, ' showing an average of 509. 08 pounds against 519.43 s for . the sams period a year ago. . Butchered , jYonng ; Giri. " .: i DelahdF'Ja:, Special.--Irwin Han chett," 16?years-61d, has been "arrested for;mnrdcring Mary Tedder, 14 years .old." ' He hacked f the victim into pieces with ovknife. He was ; a in mate r of the Tformatory . fprt boys, and " xonsiderett fa; model jbu th.f :He barely eseaped'i mob Tengenee.-v-rir - '-r -N rr- ' t. j j . The ' Charcot li? arctic' expedition has returned ,t-Punta ;Arenas ' with out having reached , t he South .Pole. Food League Chartered. - For mutual benefit and protection, the National Antitrust Food League has been incorporated under the laws of the District of Columbia, with : J. Lynn Yeagle, Emil L. Scharf and Representative Coudrey, of Missouri, all. members of the board of direc tors, as r incorporators. The league, which is to be national in scope, aims at a reduction in the cost of living v Can't Fish and Hunt. The shooting and hunting of game by the rural mail carriers while of ficially employed on . routes or the carrying of guns for the purposes is now formally forbidden. An order to this ffect has been issued by the postoffice department. Wants More Chaplains. A chaplain- for - every life-saving station is the object of a bill intro duced by Representative Small (Dcm.) of North Carolina. , The du ties of such' chaplains are described as holding services on Sunday, which shall ' be. undenominational, . visiting tlie sick, and ministering - to ship wrecked persons. The Supreme Court of the United States had a notable birthday on the 2nd. It was 120 years old. To Pay Gangers More. A bill increasing the annual com pensation of about 500 gangers in the internal revenue service an average of about $12.50 each has-been passed by the house. Under this measure theso gaugers . will be paid their ex? penses when traveling from one - as signment to another. - Print Post Cards. ' An innovation was instituted on the first of the month by the Govern ment when for the first time in the history of the country Uncle Sam began the printing of his own postal cards. The work is to be done at the Government Printing Office. Until all of the new presses are installed the issue will be .approximately 1, 500,000 a day; afterward it will ag gregate 3,500,000 a day. Stokes New-Surgeon General Surgeon Charles F. Stokes has been confirmed by. the senate to be surgeon general and chief of the bu reau 'of medicine .and surgery in the navy department, with the rank of rear admiral. He suceds Rixey. Gilbert Vice-Governor. Newtcm W. Gilbert, of Indiana, has La.. - :i J XT ti f i 1 - uu afjuuiieu' v ice-uovernor 01 iue Phillipines, by President Taft. Orerman Wants' 60. Days Time. Senator Overman of North Caro lina, last Monday introduced a bill providing for a postponement for CO days of the date when corporations are required to make returns and as sessments , under the corporation tax law,. The date is now March 1, and the delay is to give the . supreme court time to pass upon test cases. E. C. Register, of Georgetown, S. C, has been appointed first lieutenant in the army medical reserve corps. A little later on he will receive a regu lar appointment. To Pay For Storm Relief. A deficiency estimate for an .ap propriation of $13,616 for, the relief I of the 6uff erers from a ; storm ,in Louisiana last September and for r imbursing the army for subsisten was submitted to the house last Mc day by the war department. Noted Public Man Dead.' ' ' , . James r.William Marshall, former postmaster general, is dead in. - this city. from general debility . incident. to old age. He v was born in farke county, Va., August 14, 1822. To Celebrate With the Irish: j " s President,, Taft will celebrate rt Patrick's day with the Irish at Chi! go, having denfinitey accepted an J I vitation of the e-ooH fo1Tv: J 1 f ' sublime porte." . . cars arc yet to come: ' ' .; .. . t- 1 r v-- 1 A.