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v 3 French DrciJ Hcslhr . Published by .the . FCEXCn BROAD HUSTLER, ETC. , Cnteretl as second-class matter Jan. S, 1912. at the postofflce at Hea darsonvile, North Carolina, under the Act cf March 3, 1879. H. L. SHIPlIAIf. . . .Editor & President CONTRIBUTING EDITORS: Locke Craig v Louis M. Bourne, ITm. J. Cocke, Solomon Gallert, Owen Gudger B B.. Williams, T. W. Charabliss. SUBSCRIPTION BATES: One Year, time basis ......... T. .$1.50 One Year, in advance. . . . . 7. 1.00 All P. O. money orders or checks should be made payable to The French Broad Hustler (Inc.) THURSDAY, MARCH 27, 1913 KEW TAX LAWS. The Legislature may have decided wisely when it determined not to re quire a re-assessment of property this year. On lhat point there Vere sharp differences of opinion, and disagree ments which, at times, reached the danger point. Governor Craig made no concealment of his position and many strong . men in both houses were in hearty accord , with him. The chair men of the House and Senate finance committees complained bitterly be cause their recommendations for a re assessment of property and the ap pointment of a State Tax Commission were not accepted. But in a demo cratic government the majority senti ment prevails and there will be no changes', of consequence, in the meth ods of levying and collecting taxes for the next two years. Every Legislature makes some changes in the Revenue and Machinery acts and the last one was no exception lo the rule. The new Revenue Act, which levies the taxes fixes the rate of the advalorem and poll taxes, the inheritance, income, fran chise, license and privilege taxes, is claimed to be the best one ever enact ed 'in North Carolina. Those responsi ble for its enactment declare It will furnish an important increase in State revenue without imposing unjust .bur- dens. If this be true the people will Tise and in one voice proclaim: "Well done good and faithful servants." ." ; The new Machinery Act si very sim " .liar to the act of 1909 and those prior thereto. The office of county assessor, -created two years ago, is abolished by :this latest production and the old meth od of. one list taker for each township, appointed by the . county commission ers, "comes back" into existence. In stead, of calling on the tax payers in his Tiome, the list taker, this year, will at tend an appointed place in his town ship where the tax payers must meet him and report May 1st is the day on which, tax listing should be based, un der the amended act, and the county! commissioners are to apponit list tak ers at their regular meetings in April. There is no change in the method of reports' by and assessment of public service, or other corporations, but set tlement between sheriffs and the State Treasurer has been transferred from the Auditor to the Corporation Com mission. The Auditor is scarcely re ferred to at all in the new machinery ract, which is accounted for by the fact that the bill was prepared withthe "view to creating a State Tax Commis sion independent of the Corporation Commission. Increased powers are rgiven the preserif State Tax Commis sion and it is believed that sufficient Tevenue can be raised under it to pre vent any deficit in the State treasury two years hence. The . act providing a six months school jterm in every rural district ne cessitates an increase in the property tax rate and a proportional advance . on polls. Under the new Revenue Act, the rate on property is 47 2-3 cents in stead of forty-five. The rural school "bill requires that five cents shall be et aside for school purposes, to be distributed so as to . provide a six months term. In other words 2 3-4 of five cents Is tb.be deducted from that lart of the. former levy for State pur poses and the. counties are required to take care of the difference. It is ar gued that the six months school will mot increase the total tax levy except in those counties that may not be able to. care of their part of the levy made for general county purposes. This is calculating ahead of time but all is veil that ends well. The country peo ple demanded some means of provid ing longer school terms and the Gen- era! Assembly felt bbllged to need the an? - ; --'. .. . . . . Nearly all privilege taxes are in cr)ascd in the Revenue Act of 1913 and n&Jny new ones have been added. Some ? the letter are: Cotton oil mills annual- license tax 10. - 'Newsrirrr contests $10 for weeklies and $25 for dailies. , Automobiles for hire-annual tax of $5.00 fp reach machine. -v : ; Automobile manufacturers nd 1 ers annual license tax of $500 for the parent, company and $5 for each agent Counties may tax each agent .$5. For each, company engaged in busi ness selling books, papers, confec tions, etc., on , trains, annual license $200, , ; V' Soda fountains annual ' license tax of $7.50 to $15.00, graded according to population of town. ' Druggists selling liquors former tax, $25; new act makes $25 for. towns of 1,000 population or less, and grad uates up to $300 in Cities of 15,00) or more. v: , ' The privilege , tax on railroads, ex press companies and all corporations are materially increased and in some. instances doubled. Specific sections relating to Inheritance taxes, income j taxes, franchise taxes andy other fea tures of similar ' import are provided and it is believed will result in a lib eral- increase of revenue. Corpora tions are taxed l-15th of 1 per cent of their capital stock, the minimum be ing $7.50. Heretofore the rae has been l-45th of 1 per cent The mini mum tax charged corporations hereto fore for the privilege of living has been $500, so that the proportion of in crease fails heavier upon the wealthy concerns which can best afford to stand the pressure. It is hoped that officers appointed to enforce the law may perform their duties faithfully, fearlessly and Impartially to the end that every class of property may share its proportional part in the expenses of government in town, county and Stato. Regular assessment comes two years hence at which time new and more adequate methods of putting pro perty on the tax list will be in opera tion. Col. A. H. Boyden, of Salisbury, has entered the race for Collector of Inter na Revenue for the Western district and says the office will likely be mov ed to Winston whoever lands the plum. Heretofore the office has been in either Asheville or Statevilie, but the Winston folks appear to be making a concert ed effdrt to pull the new collector over there. State Senator A. D. Watts, of Iredell, Ts hot after the collectorship and you can just bet on the office if he wins the fight, remaining in his home town. ' 4 Editor Howard A. Banks of the Hick ory Democrat, goes "to Washington as confidential clerk to Secretary Jose phus Daniels of the navy department Mr. Daniels has shown good judgment in selecting a secretary and Editor Banks will measure up to the situa tion in every particular. We are glad to see the North Carolina editors com ing into their own. ; The Senate took a recess - without acting on the nomination of Dr. Neill for Labor Commissioner, but the Presi dent threatens to send in the doctor's name again when congress convenes in extra session. It is a shame to in sist upon naming a Republican for this important post where there are hun dreds of Democrats who deserve recog nition. Senator Simmons is at his home in Newberne enjoying a much needed rest, before entering upon his enlarged dut ies that await him during the special session of congress called by the new President If any public servant in the country ever needed a rest Sen ator Simmons is that man. The community spirit created by the organization of the Greater Western North Carolina Association is worth every cent it has cost the various coun ties concerned, to say nothing of the vast amount of publicity realized from the efforts of the management. It pays to advertise. I. may not be generally known, but true, nevertheless, that women are eli gible to membership on school commit tees, educational boards and like posi tions not filled by .popular elections. The innovation may not turn; out so badly as some folks have been predict ing. Anyway, the Legislature has de creed that the ladies shall have a try at the wheel and that settles the mat ter.' .. v '. ; 4 4 Judge Peebles places all forms of hazing in a class of crimes akin to as sault and other like offenses ' against the law. He Is right and we were glad to hear him speak his mind on the sub ject We have always considered such a class of amusement a species of bar berism and still think so. ; Governor Craig made another fine I appointment when he selected Homer Lyon Esq., to be solicitor of the new Wilmington district . - 4 0 Henderson county needs good roads and her people have determined . to have them. When ithe- rnrai popula tion, becomes. Interested in a proposi tion results are forthcoming. - Get Tcur Cc?y Etfiro At ill '1 The Sales Manager of The Life and Speeches of Governor Aycock is clos Ingout the entire edition of the book, the plan being to dispose of all the copied now left before April- 4th the first anniversary of Gov. ' . Aycock's death. No man among all our readers who followed Aycock In;, that mem orable and historic campaign of 1900 ought to lose this opportunity to get a book that will be treasured In after years.' It is really a great book. , Supt- J. Y. Joyner says this about it: "For me, Aycock lives again In these pages as I knew him and loved him. . One of the charms of the book is its freedom from fulsomeness and cold analysis it is a bit of his rich life,-his gentle sweet char acter, his ' great " sympathetic . hearti, his matchless .eloquence set out with rare discrimination and. taste. The. regular price of the book is $L50 and you can get your copy by sending the amount direct to Mr. W. F. Marchall, - the Sales Manager, at Raleigh. Better still, get a friend to order' with ypu and you can get two copies for $2.50; or better still Just send or bring us $2.00 f6r one copy of the" book and this paper one year. We will have the book forwarded by next mail and send our paper as pro mised. Order to-day. Make sure of a copy for yourself and one for each of your .friends bfem the book goes out of print. . 4 0 ; The Legislature failed to reform the State's taxing system, but the present autiquated methods are doomed and we want a front seat at the funeral. 4 0 Old man Booze Is having a fight for existenece all over the country and the end of his pilgramage seems almost in sight It has no place in a, civilized community so far as North Carolina is concerned. "v Govenor Craig seems to be making appointments without regard to fac tional differences. This is all right if does not ignore too many of the loy al friends whose untiring efforts placed him in the exaulted position he now occupies. . A New Departure For 'The Spartanburg Music Festival,. The recent announcement of the 19th annual South Atlantic states Music Festival, which will take place at Spartanburg, S. C. on April 30, May 1, and 2. is especially interesting, be cause of the marked changes' in the personel of the orchestra and assisting artists. The Damrosch orchestra, has tieen .the 'instrumental body for the past seven years; the coming Festival will marke the introduction of the cele brated Metropolitan Opera House or chestra, of New York, to the music lovers of this section. The fame of this body of musicians has spread all over the Untied States and the oppor tunity afforded by the Spartanburg Festival to hear them in connection with the greatest roster of artists who have yet appeared at these concerts, is an epoch in the history of music in this section. ' This orchestra has, for years, furn ished the accompaniments for all the. operas produced at the Metropolitan Opera House; it has played these un der the conductorship of the -greatest orchestral conductors' in the world., Among these are Dr. Karl Muck, Felix Mott Mr. Hertz, Mr. Toscanini, Mr. Sturani and others of equal celebrity. It will be under the direction of Mr. Sturani at the coming Festival. '; It is interesting to know that the weekly payroll of the Metropolitan Opera House is $70,000, not including rent This sum represents the amount paid to "star", orchestra, Chorus, bal let, stage hands, and other wokrmen employed about' the opera house. Of this sum,the orchestra receives $6,500. there are eightly men In the orchestra the average is over- $80.00 per man, a weekly waga which may well be con sidered worth while. . The amount received by this orches tra is an indication of its. musical standing; none but thoroughly compet ent players can hope to receive such salaries. The orchestra as it will be constituted fof the Spartanburg Fest ival, will include the best of its regu lar force; there will be no "Fillers-in," but eachman on the stage will be in vital part of the ensemble. The music which will be presented by this "specialist", orchestra, will also be of - particular interest, as the orchestra and soloists have been prin cipally engaged in producing the great operas, go they will present to the Spartanburg audience unusually excerpts from the operas with which they have so long been familiar. "Wil liam Tell' "The. Masked Ball', Ml Trovatore ," The - Barber of Seville", "Tosca", "Lbhengrinnj ' "La Damna tion de . Faust', "Der Frei-Schutz", "Samson and Delilah", The Flying Dutchman", "La Gioconda", "Tann haueser" "Euryanthe", "Meistersinger" "Wilkuere", Rhelngold," "Gotterdam merung", will all be represented on the Festival programs by numbers for orchestra and for soloists. This is an offer that has never before been made at the Festival, and certainly ihould arouse the interest of those who went to hear, great artists in the greatest operas that has ever been writen.- The Festival management has appro priated a large sum for orchestra and loloists this year than have ever been used for this purpose before, and it is safe to say that thA 1913 Festival will hie the most attractive in the series. " Thp "Woman's Missionary Society of Die Methodist Chtirch ; will hold Its piilar nymtlv meeting Tuesday after noon April tie 1st, in the .Ladies Par lor. . ., .-llr.- Lite jys l To the Editor of the-Democrat: I desire to make the,following state ment, Sunday March 9th, with members of my family I had driven over to Asheville and was returning to Hen dersonville and had: reached the top of Buena iVista hillj about 4.30 p. m. I passed oh the top of the hill, the Machine which Cathey referred to in his statement as being 100 yards In the rear of. ' In front of me about 150 yards was the;machine which Cathey refers to as passing'him. It is quite evident that I would hot have been turning out to pass a car which I was about 150 yards to "the . rear of." My judgement is that the Cathey machine was running at least 30 miles an hour in order to top the hill, and I sorter have an idea that it was running in" the same dust I was.' The fact that my car was within 8 inches of the ditch on my side of the. road when the acci dent occurred,, would make it obvious! to any one which car was out of place. My opinion is that the Cathey car in its endeavor to make the top of the hill on high speed, showed that they knew less about wherte they were driving than I dfd, as they were prac tically in the middle of the ,rOad when they struck us. In fact we had to move their car about 5, feet out of the, road before' any other, cars could pas's. ; . Yours truly, H. R. SAVAGE. Notice of Election Under and by virtue of the provis ions of the charter of the town of Hen- dersonville North Carolina and chapter 72 of the Revisal of 1905 an election is hereby called to be held on Tues day after the 1st Monday of May,1913 at the Town hall in Hendersonville under the law regulating such elections at which time and place there shall be elected a mayor and three commission ers for said town to succeed the pres ent mayor and three commissioners whose term of office expires on saii date. . The tickets to be used in said elec tion snail be printed or written on white paper and shall be 2 1-2, inches by 3 inches in size. John G. P. Liv ingston is hereby appointed registrar far said election, and L. T. Williams and J. M. Stepp are hereby appointed judges for said election, whose duties it shall be to hold said election and make report thereof in accordance with the, provisions of the law. By order of the Board of Town Com missioners, March 20th, 1913. R. H. .STATON Mayor C. S. FULLBRIGHT 3-26-4tc Secretary On Friday evening of next week the offer to let advance subscribers to this paper have the book entitled: Life and Speeches of C. B. Aycock" for $2.00 expires. Every friend and ad mirer of Governor Aycock would en joy reading this book. lie; if In order to in repairing the - 71 Tothe highest 1 ' the town ann Ifrom -5 A lot of fine Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and silverware All parties who have left at our store watches, clocks, ewelry and sfrery . ware to be repaired and hare not fcaid for the repairs done bj ns on said articles are hereby notified to come' In and redeem their property before the : - -: dates hereinf ore mentioned for the sale of same ; 'We are about to move our slock Into ou rnew building recently vacated by the Wanteska Trtjjt and Banking Company and do not wish t6 move tho large quanity of property owned by other ' people over which we have Ume for repairs.' . -rt';. 'Uinil : -r.: " H -''C"1;-;r ".v' .'; ' ' .. Lei Everyb We will sell something to March 26, 1913 EMI, Perhaps in the far off Hesperian far beyond the ecliptic or way out in th Infinity jot space beyond Uie knowledge 0f the peoples on earth, there may bQ a civilization developed upon a world vastly superior to .our little planet where the insurance business is conducted upon a grander and more gigantic scale .than anything known to our little sphere. If so, there may be some where; in the immensity of space, a world where they have insurance compa nies larger and better than those werepresent, But They are not on Our World . Our line contains the largest oldest and best on earth they cannot be du plicated i nthis world. -This being sq why not get the VERY BEST WHEN IT COSTS no more than the ordinary? ARE DOING when we write your business -we are not guessing! Let nn Millions of assets stand behind your risk! ' v ' And when you want anything In the real estate line just remember , that we have the best that the county and ferred through this office above three real estate. " . When in -. : And Want Honest V - 1J TIPTAM Granite and TreatmentSee IlrlUil Marble Works HEKDEBSONVILLE. Desisrnsfurnished on application, and orders receive Qrompt attention. Largest Stock in Western Iforth Carolina. - - . W. P. BANE CONTBACTOB AM) BUILDEB. Can. furnish cut and crushed stone of any description. of foreclose our lien for work done articles to be sold we will sell at bidder for cash at our store in of Hendersonville on the a, mm o o 2C) to inni 1 Bay YmmmzY mz It life as 12 suit you and at a price to be fixed by ft Lose This Qpgortimity ! W.- H. HawMias I CO. Furthermore, WE KNOW WHAT "WE city affordsxand that we have tm. quarters of a million dollars worth of . Need of or Tombstones Notice of Dissolution, Notice Is hereby given that the firm of Brock, Lane & Wilkins has been dissolved, from this date. All parties owning same or parties with accounts against this firm should present them at once. - :". Signed . BROCK, LANE & WILKINS. 3-272tc. you, not by us. Come i mm, i &-Son I. .