rKSlAY' OCTOBER 21913. ....
WESTERN . CAROLINA DEMOCRAT AND FRENCH BROAD HUSTLER
RAINCOATS-A sample line of absolute v the finest Rain rnatR nri a rlv n f nn Vi a 1 f Polr
men, ladies and little boys, and Raincoats for little girls. GIRLS-A sample line of all-leather, high-grade Shoes
for men and ladies, at one-half price. HATS and CAPS-Men's and Boys' Sample Hats and Caps at one-half price
BLANKETS-AU wool Blankets $3.00 arid $3.50. : : : '
A - - - - ' "
sample lots, Hart Schafner & 3Iarx
i. nke, at. one-half prlc.
500 Hart Schafner & Marx Sample;
Suits for hienand young1 men, at one
half price. - "
8"0 Pairs of Men's Extra Trousers,
-Soft and stiff, all colors and sizes,
your choice entire lot, $2.00.
With every $3.00 Soy's Salt, a 50
Cent Pocket Knife, , A fire-cent tablet
and a fire-ceut Feaeil4 both for fife
cents. ' &jL--Li..!!
tuts the Price and 1
Sells the Gooss, P
. .,,...,,., . , , . M
Down on the Farm
SOME SEED-CORN FACTS.
"IVionff Ideas Are PreTalent as to What
Field Selection Will do and What
3Iakes Good Seed Corn.
The selection of seed corn is a very
important matter a matter which too
aany farmers neglect altogether, and
also a matter about which many far
riers have very wrong or much exafl
gerated ideas. -
Fermit us to call attention to just
a few facts which every farmer who
raises corn should keep in mind.
1. Seed corn should he selected
from the field and not from the crib.
This is at length coming to be accept
ed by all thoughtful farmers. Every
one who reads knows that the farmer
who goes to his crib in the spring and
ricks out the biggest ears for plant
ing is merely gambling on the chance
of good seed or poor.
2. In selecting seed in the field,
the whole plant, and not the ear alone
should be taken into consideration
This, too, is becoming generally un
derstood. Most farmers who select
eed corn this way look for a vigorous,
sturdy, broad-leaved stalk or medium
"height; for ears that droop without
for two good ears of as nearly uniform
shape and size as they can find, if the
variety is a prolific one; for ears
fcorne at a medium height from the
ground and well covered at the tips.
3. Even by careful field selection,
if the corn is taken from the general
feld, there is little reason to expect
-that the strain of corn willbe much
improved. This fact is not yet gener
ally understood; but it must be. The
farmer who selects his seed , corn
from the best stalks in his field does
not know that the pollen the male
clement which fertilised the grains hi
expects to j)lant did not come. from
the poorest stalks in the field. Such
feld selection as this is far superior
1o crib selection; but the improve
ment which will be made in a strain
of corn by such selection must neces
sarily be slight. We say this without
forgetting the great results some
times claimed by farmers as the re
sult of one or two year's field select
ion of seed corn.
4. For real improvement in corn
the securing and fixing of desirable
re alities or variety characteristics
farmers must look to the real corn
breeder; that is, to the man who has
a special seed corn patch, planted
with feeed of known ancestry, and
rogued and selected with a definite
ideal in view. There is a great differ
ence between seed selection and seed
5. Seed from such a breeding patch
will seldom be available fo rthe plant
ing of the general crop unless the far
mer has his own seed plot. The
breeder could not afford to sell seed
corn from his breeding plot at a price
farmers would.be willing to pay. If
he offers corn for sale as first-class
seed corn, however, such corn should
not be more than one generation re
moved from the seed plot In other
words, good commercial seed corn, is
carefully selected corn from a field
planted with seed from a real breeding
plot grown by the ear-to-the-row meth
6. A fair price for such corn de
pends upon the variety, the standing
and skill of the beeder, the real ex
cellence of the strain of corn, the de
mand for it, etc. In general, really
good seed corn should be bought for
$2 to $5 a bushel.
7 It will pay the farmer who does
not grow his own seed in a special
Pied patch or select it from a 'field
planted from seed so grown, to buy
seed from a good breeder rather than
to risk planting seed even if field sel
ected of unknown ancestry.
8. It is seldom good policy to pay
fancy prices for seed corn from some
prize acre on big-yielding patches,
without knowing something of .the
ancestry back of the corn. Such,seed
not infrequently results in disappoint
ment. 9. In buying seed corn it is ad
visable to secure it from as nearly
the same latitude as that in which it
is to be grown. If grown on similar
soil to that onTwhich it is to be plant
ed, so much the better. A variety
known to do well in the section where
the corn is to be planted should be
chosen if praticable.
10. It is quite possible for almost
every community to produce its own
supply of good seed corn, if.- only
some capable person can be found to
take the job of planting and caring
for a breeding plot each year, and if
the other farmers will pay him a fair
rrice for this well-bred seed corn and
J plant it That such an arrangement
would be 'profitable to any corn-growing
community can scarcely be doubt
ed. Progressive Farmer.
CATTLE ON THE FARMS.
Farmers Most Quit Selling Their Fe
male and Immature Stock. '-
If the Southeast is to become the
great cattle section that it should in
view of its natural advantages and the
present and growing demand for cattle
with commensurate prices, farmers
must quit selling their female and im
mature, stock, declares Dr. C. M. Mor
gan, dairy agent of the Southern Rail-
Aay, who sounds a warning against a J
continuation of the wholesale deporta
tion of cattle from the South.
"Farmers should keep their- heifers
and build up the quality of their stock
hy the use of pure bred bulls of dairy
or beef type as desired," says Dr. Mor
gan. "This is the only way to increase
the number of quality of cattle in the
Southeast The scarcity of cattle Is
world-wide and it will never be possi
ble to secure enough pure-bred cattle
to develop the industry in the South
east. "Farmers who sell calves are simply
giving the dealer a good part of the
profit they should have themselves. If
calves were fattened on the farm,
using cotton seed meal as a concen
trate, a higher price per pound would
be received and the farmer would not
only profit by this and the additional
weight but would -have in manure 85
per cent of the fertilizer value of the
cotton seed meal.
"With the good grazing furnished by
Bermuda grass and Burr clover and
the abundance of forage crops that
yeild bountifully in the Southeast, this
section should be the great source of
the country's beef and dairy products
supply. The dairy division of , the
Southern Railway wiil send a manTo
help build a dipping vat or silo and to
cooperate with persons in dairy busi
ness or desiring to enter it. The U. S.
Department of Agriculture has offered
to co-operate with any who have erad
icated ticks and will send an expert to
aid farmers in chosing desirable bulls
of either dairy or beef type." Pro
Butler wag Director Of Farmers'
Iiititutes in North Carolina he inau
gurated th system of institutes for
farm women, but the idea has not yet
had general acceptail68 ih any ether
State, the latest United States Govern
ment figures showing that if we omit
VVisconsin (which is doing only one
third as well as North Carolina,) the
women's institutes in North Carolina
reach more people than in the rest of
the United State put together.
But sooner, or later any State will be
ashamed to prov3e liberally for insti
tutes for farmers wives; and sooner
or later we shall doubtless have some
sort' of demonstration agents to help
farm women as well as help farm men.
The writer has urged on both Secre
tary of Agriculture Wilson and his suc
cessor, Secretary Houston, the need of
giving more attention to the farm wo
man, an dthe publication of. special
bulletins for farmers' wives as well as
farmers' bulletins. , An interesting
dispatch from Washington, D. C,
quotes a &mtG&4& from, one of our let
ters to Secretary Houston and explains
that as a result of the letter Dr. Hous
ton is asking the women themselves to
make the Department of new ana
greater service to them. Progressive
Go After the Cow.
"Don't sit down in the meadow and
wait for the cow to, back up to be
milked go after the cow." The basis
for the whole dairy industry is the
cow and if farmers are going to uti
lize the the best advantage the great
Quantities of roughage that annually
are wasted on every farm they must
go after the cow.
There is no way to convert the corn,
the hay, the clover, the straw, the
kafir, the milo and the abundance of;
other green feed into a marketable
form so quickly and so economically
as by feeding to the dairy cow. She
works day and night constantly, both
summer and winter, on Week days and
Sundays, in flood and drouth, to con
vert the unmarketable vste of the
farm into a finished and valuable pro
duct of human food.
The first thing is to get the cows.
Profits are then assured, for the dry
farm country is especially adapted, the
feed is there, the marketing facilities
are at hand in most sections and the
products. are in growing demand. G. 1
E,. Martin. '
Everybody, everywhere, especially
lovers of Western North Carolina will
attend the W. N. C. Fair, Asheville,
Oct 7-10. Greatest events in the his
tory of Western Carolina. Elaborate
display of fine exhibits and four days
and nights of enjoyment Adv.
Some people "who happen to dream
of giving away money think they ara
charitable and let it go at that
i ' ' ' 1
Tarm Women Should Write Secretary
For a long time The Progressive
Farmer has been insisting, in season
and out of season, that our State and
National Departments of Agriculture
shoujd give more attention to the wo
man on the farm. If she were a voter,
they doubtless would give more atten
tion to her and it is a disgrace to our
boasted chivalry that she has been
neglected woefully while all kinds of
departments, bureaus, extensions
workers, institutes, bulletins, demon
strations agents, etc., have been pro
vided to help the farm man. When
of fan, entertainment and instruction of wholesome character, satisfy ing the most exacting critics and in
teresting everybody, will be found at the
WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA FAIR
ASHEVILLE, OCTOBER 7-8,9-10
The third annual Fair will ex ceed all previous efforts in elaborate exhibits, satisfying attractions and a
big S' fcatured hj address of Hon. James J. Britt, and exercises by Western North
C-BRtt featured by addresses of Secretary of State William jsSSjffS:
noted Irish Orator, Hon. John S. Rntledge of Cleveland, 0.; parade of fraternal organizations of Western
fSaraABT DAT, featnr ed by address of General Bennett H. OMCoiiider fr"''
Confederate Veterans of Louis v ile, KY.: parade and maneuvers of military companies of Western xortn
C4th WESTERN NORTH CA ROLINA DAT, featured by addresses of Gov. Locke Craig, Mr. M. T. Rich
ards, Land and Industrial Age nt Soutliedn Railway, Washington, D. C; sports and exercises representa
tire of Western North Carolina. .,,,., i a . f,.iinwin'
The numerous attractions al ready booked with more being added daily, wcludej Hie f2"0 f to, k
. .Prof. McFairs Dog & Monkey circus, Georgia Minstrels, Happy HOo ligan and Gloomy Gus
house, Martin & Gennett's com edy acrobatic acts, McLinn Trio come dy balancing acts, j" -I"
thrilling aerial stunts, Sutton Brothers' sensational tricks on comedy brs, Metals anal and P"
shows, Jewell Brothers' daily balloon ascensions, Motordome, Ferris, Abeel, music by Bos Scout Kano.
Bryson Militay Band, First Regiment Band, gorgeous pyrotechnic display every night Yrettv e rls
Comedy and Novelty Company's acrobatic acts, musical comedy singing, funny comedians and pretty gins
In high dancing.
Admission 25c, Five Tickets $1.00
' m M. .n I ' ' ' 11 " -I '
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