Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1913.
PAGE SIX -TTESTERN CAROLINA DEMOCRAT, AND. FRENCH BROAD HUSTLER STOCK AND CROP CONDITIONS. President Finley of Southern Railwa? Makes Interesting 'Survey of Condi tions Throughout the South. Washington, Oct 29. President Finley, of the Southern Railway com pany, has returned from a trip through the Southeast, a feature of which was -a meeting in Knoxville, Tenn., on Oc tober 21st, with the most of the offi cers of the company and its associa ted companies, including the officers and field agents of the Department of Farm Improvement Work and Live Stock and Dairy Agents. Speaking of the agricultural situation in the South-east a sdisclosed in this meeting, Mr. Finley said: "With the diversification of crops comes the raising of live stock of all kinds and the building up of the dairy industry. A few years ago silos were practically unknown in many South eastern localities. Today they are being erected in numerous neighbor hoods. There is no. section of the country better fitted to the live stock and dairy industry than the Southeast and in addition to abundant forage crops and long grazing seasons, that section enjoys the advantage of volar tively close location to the markets of the most densely populated region in !the United States along the Atlantic seaboard which are annually calling for increased supplies of meat and dairy products as well as other com modities which the Southeast can pro duct advantageously, including fruits and vegetables. "Southeastern manufacturing plants are generally running full time and find an active demand for their prod v,cts. The generally good business conditions in the Southeast are reflect ed in increased railway traffic. "The general prosperity of the sec tion is largely dependent upon agri cultural conditions and farming in the Southeast is so distinctively regres sive that there is every reason to look tfo the future with confidence." 'Reports from all parts of the terri tory were most encouraging, but more g-rfying than anything else was' the Te-- that farmers m the territory j r-o waicn tne Mexican couon doii weevil has .spread who followed the - advice of our field aents or of the agents of the Agricultural Depart ment have been able i.o produce cotton successfully in spite of the weevil. The practical demonstration of the possi- m . i 11 Al 1 S il-, Dllliy or controlling me weevil iu m territory east of the Mississippi River Is of more than incidental important It means importance. It means th cotton is still to be the leading cron In that territory. Under the intensive agricultural methods made necessary by the boll weevil the cotton crop of the Southeast will be produced on a smal ler acreage and farmers are strengtn ening their- position by diversifying their crops to a degree heretofore un known In the cotton belt. Special at tention is being given to forage crons . .and to corn. Vrrnrlr Southeaster-l " ftrmers bougLt la're ar.tiMr? lOW IUCIC ale ouuiucooiti u mi mi o ,who have corn for sale. Preliminary estimates Indicate that this vear'a mm ciop in the Southed will surrass all Trevious records. The cotton crop in the Southeast, while not as large as in r Milt" ii r tuuo v z gl to o eing sold at an unusually Rood aver age price. - IXDTJSTRT OF GIRLS. Members of Young Fair Sex Made At r -'tractive Exhibit at State Fair. , One of the most interesting and praiseworthy exhibits in the agricul- tural building at the State Fair was 'that of the Girls' Canning Club. No -exhibit in the fair deserves a more careful examination than does the ex hibit representing the work of the girls on the farms of North Carolina. Nine counties are represented and every kind of canned goods, almost all the product of the farm, are to be seen in the splendid array of jars and bottles arid cans that make this also one of the most attractive exhibits among the ag ricultural products. . "Mrs." Charles McKimmon, director oi the canning club industry in North Carolina, is in charge of the exhibit -and some of the girls will be theer dur- inir the week to dismay their wares. The cans and glass jars are arranged in ivramids and croups by counties, consuming in all a large part of th central space of the norticuiturai ' building. ' "The exhibit from Anson county c!aims first notice from the extent and beauty of the articles on displav. The exhibit takes vx) almost a fourth of the ' T'fice Pnortionert to the canning club "girls. There is also a large and splen did exhibit from Granville county. "The other counties represented are: - Alamance, Mecklenburg, Warren, Guil 'Tord, Wilkes, Moore and Wake. Espe-. 'cial mention was called to the exhibit of Miss Lizzie Moore of Hi lly Springs, 'who had entered 700 cans as. well as k number of articles in glass. Nuts, frufts, vegetables, pickles, cat Bups, fruit juices, jams and jellies are among the canned stuffs that are on display and they certainly look tempt ing enough to make it hard for a hun - - . gry fair crowd to resist. But the booklets by the eirls g'ving '?n account of the work that is behind ali this disnlay should not be 'overlook ed. A vast amount of work 'and pa tience has been put into the exhibit oi ach county and bndr on the farms of the state ?re the bright clever girls who are making this mrming club'. in dustry count for something in the -state- The girls have told the story of their work, some of them in rhyme sorno in clever sor's. and a number of them-wU! benntifi'i ninsitrnHonQ iUi are in attractive bnoVipt . yvvrq. The Girls Canning Club seems to be fringing to the fron not onlv indus- ttious housewives, who can their own farm products, but artists and poets as well. Li COX TO ADDRESS OriS Rev. R.VN. Willcox, president of the Greater Hendersonville club, has been asked to make the address of wel come to the North Carolina Dental As sociation when they hold their annual convention heer on June 22. Mr. Will cox has accepted the invitation. The club will work with the execu tive committee in securing a -very large atendance of delegates to the convention. Systematic advertising will be done, for one thing, for it is the intention to have this convention the largest in the organization's his tory. - PRESERVE FORESTS. Organization Formed in Asheville to Preserve Mountain Forests. (Gazette-News.) " An association was formed here yes terday at a meeting of prominent citi zens of Ashevllle and a wide section oi the mountain' country, theobject of which . organization, as generally ex pressed, is to ask the National Forest Reserve commission to increase its purchase under the Week's law in the Southern Appalachian region, within the proposed purchase areas, so as to acquire large contiguous areas suitable for health and pleas-, ure, and accessible to the people of the south as a , health and pleasure resort. Governor Locks Craig was selected as president of the associa tion and George S. Powell was named as secretary. A committee was named to choose a name for the or ganization, compile by-laws and decide on some plan for financing the work in hand. There will be another meet ing in the board of trade rooms Mon day morning at 11 oclock, when it is probable that there will be a report fro mthis committee and further plans for the work will be outlined. Follow! np- tho fnrmntinn rf tVio qc sociatipn today the members express- e(T themSeives as being ln nQarty a cord with the forest commission and the forest service, and as anxious to I co-operate with both looking to still further extension of the areas of the Southern Appalachian reserve There were several short talks pre ceding the final organization, Gover nor Craig, Mr. Powell, Dr. J. II. Pratt, S. P. Ravenel and others speaking generally of the natural advantages presented in the Southern Appalach ian region for such reserves, and tha chances for securing the co-operation of the commission and higher officials. Governor Craig stated that the cause is a good one and those who will most certainly advocate it are strong. He believes that the association will have comparative ease in accomplishing the purpose for which, it is formed. The association represents all the i legion, and its organization is consid ered one of the big moves for develop ; nt in the section. THE VOX RUCK TESTS Tuberculosis Serum Experiment Canse Row Retween Inventor and Ex perts. (New York Times.V Differences with Dr. Von Ruck con cerning Government experiments with his tuberculosis vaccine under direc tion of the Surgeon-General of the Navy and the Public Health Service have caused a cessation of the tests at the Von Ruck Sanatorium at Ashe ville, N. C. The troubles is said to. have arisen from the insistance of the Public Health Service on the investigation being conducted along strictly scien tific lines, 1b accordance with the ideas of the Government medical offi cers, but Dr. Von Ruck, felt that his own methods were best, and the dif ferences could not be reconciled. Experiments with the vaccine will not be abandoned, it was said tonight, but would be continued at the hy-, gienic laboratory of the Public Health Seivice in Washington under Surgeons Anderson and Stimson. T)r. Von Ruck has a high standing .in the treatment of tuberculosis, and his work attracted attention in wash ington at the time of the publicity of Dr. Fiedmann's so-called cure. It was a the instance of Secretary .Daniels, who was well acquainted with Dr. Von Ruck's reputation, that Surgeon-General Stokes, of the navy, undertook to make an inquiry into the efficacy of the vaccine. Subsequently the Senate called for a report from the Public Health Service in regard to this and other vaccines and serums for the treatment of tuberculosis. A prelimi nary report spoke highly of the Von Ruck treatment, and recommended that the experiments be continued. Rig Macon Potatoes. The editor of The Tri-Weekly and several others feasted Monday evening on the biggest sweet potato that has yet come to our notice. It weighed 5 1-2 pounds, and . was sent in by W. F. Curtis, editor of the Franklin (N. C.) Press. He says he raised 30 bush He on one-eighth of an acre, the pota toes weighing from 2 to 5 1-2 pounds each. Atlanta Constitution. Destroyed by Flood. San Salvador, Oct. 29. Fiftyfour deaths from drowning were reported here today from districts of the repub lic of Salvador inundated by a rain fall of uhnrecedented severity, lasting throughout .Monday and Tuesday. Complete reports., it s believed, will greatly augment the list of dead. ; The village of Vera Paz. near San "T'"pcpnte. i reported destroyed with all its inhabitants. , Four were drowned in this city. The rainfall lere was about 10 inches. RtU.M MEN SfMLPO: IE COUftlTRY Reports come from various parts of Henderson county . to the effect that the cases of small-pox are numerous. Those infected with this dreadfjl disease are not restriced to their homes owing to the fact that small pox U no longer quarantined under t'i laws cf North Carolina. - They have been seen in the city dur ing the last few days with their faces showing the presence of tle disease. Physicians in general are advis-ng the people to be vaccinated. Th- iui terial necessary to undergo this slight operation can be bought from the drug stores for only fifteen cents and by reason of it being placed in sue close reach of the people, they ire urged to be vaccinated in order to insure them against infection The following from the Staip Board of Health on this subject is given for the information of the public: Smallpox is no longer quarantined under State laws. Formerly, all con tagious diseases were combatted by means of quarantine. Smallpox was antine. It has been entirely abolished in whole nations by means of vaccina tion. Below are compared The Reldt!r 3Ierits ,of these two . methods of com batting smallpox. Quarantine aims tx prevent those having smallpox from coming into contact with, and possibly infecting others. This is only valua ble after the disease has been diag nosed. Bear in mind that smallpox is contagious from the very first symp toms of the disease. Vaccination ab solutely protects all vaccinated per sons exposed to smallpox, either be fore or after the disease has been re cognized. Vaccination gives everj protection afforded by quarantine and Bametime by the same person, it would gives it better. In short, quarantine mean a good many dollars for the corn only closes the stable after the horse i munity in the course of a year thatar? is stolen, wnue vaccination iocks me door Delore ne is stoien. The Relative Disadvantages Rigid quarantine (and that I the only quarantine that is quarantine protects only during the period of quarantine. Vaccination protects for from five to fifteen years o rlonger. Mild cases f small'pixx are frequent ly mistaken for chickenpox or meas les. Such mfld cases may transmit the- disease in' its most virulent fbrnu. , his customers regularly am3 not have These mild cases are Earely promptly j. to import .those things. If at any time safeguarded by quarantine. Vaccina- , he had a: special cwrder or hi supply tion absolutely protects against air jj gave out he would? know tor whom to kinds of smrellpox at adf times:. ! phone for more, for you woald have a Quarantine is unjust hecause the ex- j head to whom you could go. pense of quarantine i'sr borne by the -i Our time is worth dollar and we taxpayers and as a rule they consti- l;must begin- to conserve our time by tute the vaccinated population of a j doing a given thing in the shortest' community, who neither need' nor de-j'time and fa the best manner possible; mand any protection from quarantine. The business world' is benming vr Vaccination incurs no- expense upottjjb? arouseoTon this mbject and is tak the unvaccinated. It affords them ling steps to aid the farmer in co-oper-much protection, lurvrever, by pre- ;ative selling. Mr. Houston. Secretary venting the vaccinated from propa- ;oi Agriculture, is endeavoring to work gating the disease. 2 out a metfiod of aiding the farmer to- The annual loss to the State from jj ell. The Southern Railway ha&- Jr smallpox is approximately $200,000. iganized a market agent dfepartnient A rigid quarantine is estimated" to cost which is helping tb farmer and buy-r the taxpayers an adiiftional $100,000 a jret in touch With each other. E. J. year. The latter amount alone would? j Watson, ommissianer of Agriculture' bi more than enough to vaccinate the-j; of South: Carolina, has organized' a entire population every five years-. J market-finding department in ooTmec Then there would be no more small- tion with his office and is doing much pox or quarantine.. History bears otat ' to aid the South Carolina, farmer, to this statement. Quarantine even fos- market his crops. The Chamber ofCbm ters smallpox, as ft lends a false sense merce al Rock Hill, S: Cv has a: plan of securitv and thereby encourages an i unvaccinated population. In view of all this evidence, any city or county that so desiresxmay quarantine small pox. If they deem it wise they may even quarantine headache or rhearna tisnaL On the- other hand, they may also have general vaccination jnst as easily. Which will we have?" HAYWOOD AT STATE FAIR. Western County Has Most Attractive . we are oi me opinion rne major part Exhibit at Fair, ' of the problem is goin to have to bir Faired by the farmers themselves. No - Haywood county has again pro- m organi2ation can be of much service to duced the most remarkable exhibit ot.the farmer as long as he brings his tiic dnuuugu ur juUKa uu said so. Everything from a small pea to a big cabbage is in the display o' Messrs. Noland and Howell, th apples being particularly fine. Mr. Noland represents Haywood county in the General Assembly, but his great est service to the state is n showins what can be produced in the moun tains. The display by Occoneechee farm. Gen. Julian S. Carr's splendid diver sion is most creditable. .Some of the finest grains ever shown here are , on display. The Occoneechee farm also has some fine livestock on exhibition. Considering the fact that this is the first day of the fair, the crowds today were unusually good. One could move round in the buildings in comfort and the visitors took the opportunity', of inspecting everything from the poul try exhibits to the fine array.of domes tic animals. ; The judging oof poultry began to day. Wednesday the agricultural ; ex hibits will be judged, r v J "Have you heard, about growing Apex?" is the sign over one of "the booths in Floral Hall. There' Apex Is calling atention to the wealth of her resources and the fruitfuln'ess oft the soil around this thriving and progres sive town of Wake. .There are great ears of corn that grew three and four tc a stalk, big citrons, 11 to a vine, all together weighing .275. pounds. There are pumpkins, that grew eight on one vine, immense potatoes and oats high-: er than a man's head. CO-OPERATIVE MARKETING. j Charlotte, Observer Outlines Methods ' by Which Farmers can Facilitate . Marketing of Products. It has been the custom of the farmer j for years to sell as individuals. urns has meant the growing of only a few staple crops that were grown in large ' quantities and by a large number of p'eople, and Ifor which a market has ' been established by. the buyers of the world.; Thus the small by-products of ; the farm have been neglected and al- J lowed tQ go to waste, but the time ha3 come, when our crowded condition, and high-priced land demand that the farm ; he made to return cash from every available source. -The only way thhv can be done is for the farmers to co-j operate in selling their by-products and, better still, in selling their entire product. The expense of selling . the small products' eats up the profits when handled individually. j For example, suppose there are 1 ' farmers in a community, each having hens laying an average of one dozen eggs a day and each of the 15 farmers 'contract with a .merchant to supply 1 "ini witn eggs ana guarantee aany ae- ' livery, ui itcsu eggs. iuc liuici uvea five miles from town and each, in or der to be sure to deliver fresh eggs, makes daily delivery, it would take nearly half a day and expense of wagon and team to deliver 30 cents worth of eggs. Or suppose he deliv ers every other day, one-fourth of iiis working hours are taken in delivering ' f.nt WOr,th e,f gS" He Cant a the eggs, being stale, theXmerchant is forced to pay stale-egg prices. He comes discouraged and quits the egg business. ' Suppose those 15 farmers get togeth er and agree to have one man take in , ntU v rptl fh,v other day. The thirty dozen would be -enough to attract a merchant and get a regular contract, so the time taken running about town trying to peddle the individual dozen would be saved. The one man, or a boy. could take them in" and deliver them) to the merchant for $9. Suppose they pay the boy and team $1.50 a trip which would be a commission of five cents a I dozen. The farmer would1 have a: bal ; ance of $84 a yearffrom an averagse of j one dozen eggs a day. j Suppose you have an equal income I from four or five sources like eggs, ! which every farmer can have', and said in the same wav and delivered, at the now practically lost. It does not re1- quire any complex organization! to in augurate such a selling" oc-operatioa. All that is needed is simply a clear cut business agreement and then1 go to j work. Confidence Gained. Another advantage to be gained would be the confidence of the mer chant in- you, that he would be able to secure those bv-nroducts to supply nereoy tne iarraer can report any- thing he has to sell to the secretary and it will be put on the market. Th& Anderson, S. C, Chamber of Commerce has a large blackboard along the- side, of the wall. Any farmer can come in and post on that board anything he may have for sale or trade, and is berebv helned to find, a purchaser. . Other agencies have pftans underway to aid along this work. The entirp business worlit realizes rhe necessity of co-onerative- selling of the farmer's by-products, especially, but how to go about it has heen the question. - . prodmcts to town in "drlbs. Most of our by-products are perishable, or largely so, and have to be marketed shortly, after production. Therefore, it seems that the only way the problem can be successfully solved will be by th- farmers getting together and send ing to market by one person, instead of a dozen doing in. They . also must have a head for the community that the outside world can know and com municate with. It matters very little hew many agencies may be established to locate markets for our products, if they are unable to find the product to supply the demand for the market. There musbbe a bureau of information and economical delivery and the farm er is the only person, who can work out both these propositions. Pride Aroused. United sale and delivery will work another advantage in that it will arop. the nride of each producer for he will not want to put with his neigh bor an inferior article. So he will give his best knowledge and energy to ,gow as fine as his neighbor. This spirit, will; take hold of all the' mem bers and will; mean a better product tan is now being grown. H will also mean a better-grade-producf., for when a farmer has only a littlev handful of .tomatoes, to sell he can't grade them, but has to put them all in the same basket in order to have enough to sell. When they all put in together they could grade and sell theest for fancy prices and'get the same for the poor lot as for his whole lot ungraded. No LIalter What Tour Occu. ; : pation; This Bank Can v? It may be that. some time you will need the assistance this bank can render. If you are depositing your money here and transacting your business with us, you ma y be assured of our friendly consider ation at air times. - - VV ' Every man, today, has a good chance to lay up a competence in twenty-five years or less, IF HE SAVES. An account with this bank will provide an excellent plan of laying aside that portion of your earnings , not needed for immediate use. t LET 'US SERVE YOU v F. E. DURFEE, Pres. E. W. EWBANK, Vice Pres. VV. J. DAVIS, Pres.- : K. G. MORRIS, Vice Pres. reiiiiwico. Capital $125,000 Surplus and Prof its, $30,000 STRENGTH We Solicit Your Business For All Our Departments Banking, Real Estate, Insurance OLDEST an accozs&z & oijr Sie vrfsaVe. -you money A man's -wife is the best xart ner he has go if he ony gives her a CHAJfCE. Give .yonr wife a bank account and a share of yonr con fidence and she will save your money. That is no sentimental theory E. H. Harriman left a vast fortune. His WIFE had a share in mak ing it; he left It to her, knowing her ability to handle it Give TOUR wife a bank account; she can save your money. Do your banking with US. Peoples NATIONAL Bank Henderson ville N. C. BROW2SLAW JACKSON, President. C. S. FULLB RIGHT, Cashier. W. A. TOUNG, Assistant Cashier. 5 Cuilowl Nprmal;and;;I WriiP-tnr Pntalntr anrl Pnrfirnlr Pllllrtwhee. N. C of HENDERSONVILLE, C. E. BROOKS, Cashier. E. K DAVIS, Asst. Cash. P. F. PATT01V, Vice Pres. J. MACK RHODES, Cashier. SERVICE SAFETY STRONGEST BEST I J