Fastest growing city
in the mountains.
. : , ,--v . . Jlr'- -"t a
VOL. XXIV. NO. 41
yorn ovrs boxs first.
,r Anna Steese Richardson of
1 - Vigilantes.
Last week a friend dressed in her
smartest fall raiment and armed with
JIie i: iniquitous knitting bag, motored
to one of tu cantonments where our
Eevv- army is being trained, to attend
t!,0 opening of a club house for offi
cers. It was an extremely fasHiona
f,c 'function but my friend slipped
avav with a young non-commissioned
ofil cor to see the sights of the camp.
That night she knitted as. she had
never Unit before, because she could
nor sleep for the memories which be
set her, memories of shivering figures.
7 . .
ectnos or naming cougus. Ana tne em stortf near the I people can secure wood at "let live
nect morning she Vas at it before her ourt house would be convenient f0rPrices-"
friends were out of bed telephoning the country people and I may call mv I Tne city has been rather a pre
tbem. lorms JOiBm to knit knit, new store The Farmer Stnr !:dicamen? for wood during the past
knit, ana swuu uclwccu cue men &ue
Another friend served as waitress in
a Ked Cross tea room at a county fair
near one of the Northern cantonments. 1
".?"."! L. L1? Jf"fWn "att S.Z'tSS
the waitresses brought out their knit
tin?. Three young soldiers from a
Western State, finding the women thus
occupied asked in all seriousness if a mJZv"r"M Yr-"ie knitting com
0CCUI i.- i; f mittee of the National League for Wn-
class in Killings uUt 5
among the men in the camp. Thoy
could knit befare taps, an hour or so,
and it would be jolly to have sweaters,
mufflers and wristlets. .
I listened skeptically to these tales.
Tno uniform was working its little
tricks on the emotionalism of women,
Then yesterday I saw the picture
with my own eyes. And I no longer
I went to a nearby encampment to
look up the son of an old friend who
lives in a distant state. Wherever I
na t crow hoi fiftishert windows
SrSSh wStth the fan wind whistled
,ad shrieked bleakly. And all around
ait- were sniveling men.
The half finished buildings are the j dmB
barracks which contractors have not:thinp. ntflf "UUZ saEe
completed as promised for our newly
mobilized army The mg men
are your sons, the sons of your friends. !
Qur soiib, lu"uu7uu'
oys from your town who rode
cheerily to make the great fight
tho novs rrom vour iowu wnu xuu.c
for democracy. .1
The boy I went to see was not shiv
ering. His mother, a woman of means
had sent him forth with more than
hor nrnvfir? warm underwear, a?
heavj' overcoat, knitted sweater, mur- . Somebody can tell you your postmas
fler, wristlet sand socks Some of the ter the editor of vour local th
things he still has. The rest he has j National Guard enthusiast of your
given to his pals. jtbwn.
I saw men in shoddy overcoats j , If yQU hav gfent out an entire com
which wer3 made to wear m cro ded ! pany write. (0 the captain and learn
trolleys. and subways not m the open,,the indivldlial needs of his,men in the
men in leather coats . which, they, wore way pf warm clothing and fill them,
when riding motorcycles; men in pea Don't wait for Uncle Sam. He 13 do-jackets-
and slickers which had been ing 13 be3t with - contractors. We
loaned to them by kindly fishermen ; women can beat the contractors with
from nearby towns. lour knittim? needles. If you have not
Uniforms? Isent any men from your town, from
Nothing doing in that line! The!your df3trict (and it seems incredible,
contractors who ar! turning out um-' when I look on this sea of men en
forms, shirts, overcoats and shoes ; camped near New York,- that any town
have not begun to catch up-with the however small has not sent its boy
army which is rallying to the colors, then write to the next town and ask
But winter is catering up with it : what you can do to help provide for
nmirip nn hard and fast. i their bova.
The boy tramping at my side ex- j
pif.oed the situation thus: !
-You see, most ofthes : chaps .come
naB wh.ro there s steam heat a
firoc where tnere S steam ucao .
pienty in cold weather. They don't j
know what life m oie open uiuuo.
They -hadn't the clothes for this sort
of life. And most of them haven t the
hnv it, with
'em, like the average American, lived ( With your work,
right up to the tip end of. their salary j Even if you know no man in train
It tuc-y had anything laid away, it wasing iaijt for cne and maiie sure that
I i! behind fof'tiic oiks. We haven't yCur finished garments go ta some one
had any pay 37et, and when it does j man fr0m your part of the country,
come, I'O per cent, of these i".v. will -. Don't send your sweater or muffler or
send 'the bulk of It home. Some oijsoc tQ the zcr.r3t big organization
them signed all but money for "sinoiiv j and say "I want this to go into a box
over to their folks before they IcfL. jfor the boys from my State."
We didn't come out for a Pullman car, it can rot be done that Way. All
camping with Indian guide holiday, these organizations are huge machines
but see whiz, if some of these fellows : ; - innss in a big, imper-
clou r net something warm on their sonal way. They can not fit the gar-fcacl-.s
soon, they'll'be whistling some- j , .- ,cau. Tney must deal
thn besides 'Tinperary' through with the army as a whole and answer
thpor treth and it yy oe plenty o: -
if v.Tsnt a cneenui init; ui ,
saioi. i hated the overheated atmos-; thing in a personal way. lour gar
, , ."0 the train on which I rode back ments. can reach the man from your
to Xcv,- York. town if you will seek out those men.
rr in the afternoon I stopped at ; An how can you do less?
f - vo?.-iirnrtprs of a great or-
gani?f:'ion" It seemed to have beeu tra pleasures you will have in knitting
knurs' day. Scores of women vere (if you know your vork goes to worm
t:::-.::-; iu fih'shed garments, cumfy, a lad from -your cvn state We are
snurTiy wool warm sweaters, mul- a great nation, vvith tremendous na
fierJ -.-ristiets and socks in khaki and ; tlonal rride but we are still neigh
g: : -' ' " - ' borly and our town boys should .come
- I watched the work, a nice warm first.'
-,Vo 0ped me. It was Iikc go-- -Don't misunderstanc mo: . i oeiiee
:r;o vour"ownivii:g room, from oin sound organizations and all their
c .fntUnrr that soma work but our own boys .first,
-htful coul had lighted the fire. j There'll bo time --plncv to work for
-i v. ittt -nri left. meltTio T?ei ros and we'll work better if
i iiieu inc , iu uxu
"I those irrrrnts were going to
jc. Nobod- new just where in
-r-:c, but the great boxes would go
:.. I know or boys are in France
tht rc-c lars went St, rrn
"-'-.ictly equipped to the last f--"
nd I know our allies com-
I our deepest sympathies, ovr
t seneraous impulses. But our
keys are our boys! And they are here
i i ' Tierica, so easy to reach! No
?t. cf shipment. long journeys
r-ov rod tap iri d'stributio71..
rrr bov p.d oreps corn-
tcr.-rt? rSht of wrv! And f or
-- ..1,-1. KIVI.' HUSK.:i:"i'.0 -
toys who shiver needlessly
All over .America today, women
v-thoMt knowing where the
finished garments "are going. It is all
G. 3X, GLAZENER BUYS " M ATX
STREET BUSINESS PROPERTY.
Spring for -Department Store.
. M. Glazener has purchased tht
r m in ,
J-T. I. A. Allen Rtnro hniMmn r .
4U uuui me jtiusuer oeiongmg ,to, the Hender-
of the court house . from the Allen ' sonville Laundry Ice and Fuel corn
heirs. Mr. Glazener expects to begin in pany announces" a new market price
the; Spring the erection of a modern for cojrd wood delivered to the house.
brick store building
In talking of his purchase Mr. Glaz-
l s orT bu f "TT t0 OWn
Ion Hmo t ' .
iong time. I made up my mind that.
tnoflpm . .
- ----- -
a -urn,. - o A . .
not certain boys now while tbey are
close at hand?
" J '
Here in New York, the knitting corn-
man'. fiorvi ot V
i ivxauisou Avenue,
heard that he Rainbow Division, con
sisting of men from all over-the Uni
ted States, training at Mineola Long
xoiauu, was oniy nan equipped with
warm garments. An emereencv rail i 4411 Lue locai aeaeirs were
was issued. The entire basement r,fi"nable to su?nly the demand during
the Madison Avenue headquarters was
turned over to them. Thev urer?
i x . , UUI
10 come to neaaquarters and knit'
regular working hours. They issued!
statements m the daily papers. They
concentrated on the Rainbow Division,
f)C D hlllclnoCO moil rrrn-n4-X J it.
x "uiiatBu aa me
pTaVd STJSSa this
!Can rfnrm tho w,,!
-w ; "-- A l, Lill 3 uccuiCO
eTher 7 have a Sd Cross Cha
ter Qr aQy Qther gort q va
ganizatioil f orm
Bovs First Committnn."
Pind out the name of the regiment
and the company in which each and
! every man from your town or com
imnnitv line - onli'ctnj sy
Never mind if you do not know JimJ
Hughes, the boy on the next block
ho availed Never mind if you
1Rrflfln whn Anit xritcinm
ureen who enlisted with ( omnanv fi
Work for Jim and Billy and for the
village ne'er-do-well, If he has gone.
T-iganizalioa, form a new committee a
( intimate, get-jight-down-to
DUsines ' committ Tn".
War may makft heroes of all three. lhave to be paid upon Municipal thea-
;And you'll be glad' that jou helped tof . . . . . thA nnrlrPfS ftf
calls ag they come most loudly, rrom
; American or Europe.
But you can do the warm, kindly
Bow rgn von fail to realize the ex
we know our own men are waru.
As I write this, a carpenter is fit
ting storm windows on my porch. In
the back yard, two husky darkies are
pouring coal into my cellar. A frreat
bucket vof cannel coal has just hecn
set beside my fireplace, pending an
tp ning of work. .
effort warmth luxury for heat
firelight "nds baffled of their prey
are lux-les. .
And out. on . Lor - Island men shiv
eringthat you and I and all other
women may go to our night s rest
...jiv0,. fpoj or ire3d..:
f?ur boyfj our own
,r v - - - T,A fTnam
- f-t.. l ",
and knit for rnem- it w.i
tho do,nrn.?y of which vp talk so
Wlv. Now .let un serve democracy-
and our boys
HENOERSONVlLLE, N. C. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 1.
WOOD MARKET OPENING UP
; BETTER PRICES TO PREVAIL
Announcement Is Made by Local ConV
cera of $3.50 Per Cord Delivered, ;
- uocuicui iu mis issue VI
. . . -
Provided as much as five cords are
bonght .it can be had at $3.50 per cord.-
The ; enterprising, managers of this
C realizing iat thecal
wa sratner uncertain have mare ar-
'r , v ,-
.-6uwiw ujr. wmun tienaersoncuie
two weeKs. Several of the local deal
ers have secured, a small supply and
have -been selling it in small lots to
relieve the strain:
relieve the strain;
The coal situation is just about the
same, excepting the enterprising, work
iiS. one Administrator R.
""'"c. cacuuuk IUB eniBmriSinP TOnrlr
M. Oates who has been selling small
xwwa ui i,uai iu mose m aDsoiute need
of same at cost prices. This coal is
being supplied' from the private stocy
of the Hendersonville Light and Pow-
Mr. Oates buys a numberof car
loads every vear .to .run his sfeam
t with. He had several cars on
hand when ah the local deaelrs were
i v-tui. v-wiu wettiuer. jvir. uaies
does not deliver the coal but has sim
ply been helping the citizens out until
r lorn oalorc poti i;inn Vi a
A " ou uc
The rule now being adheared to by
the local dealers is to take your order
and place your name on a waiting
lits then delivering coal to you in reg
uar order as it is received in the yards.
MRS. EGERTON RETURNS
FROM FORT CASWELL. ;
Says That Home Boys Are all Looting
Well and Seem to be Pleased.
Mrs. BessiA Eeerton has lust, return
ed from a week's visit to Fort Caswell battery has almost walked upon be
where she visited her son, Sergeant u was discoered; It was so well
Thomas Egerton, of the 6th company hidden under trees and with "foliage
stationed there j about it on a low-wire netting. Under
In talking of her trip Mrs, Egerton the net, water dropped steadily. Some
stated that the boys all semed to ' be ' of gunners were digging another
in the very best of spiris and were in the mud alongside their hidden
looking quite well. She stayed at qn- ;. i' .
Southport, N. C, justtwo miles across ' trough the foliage in every direc
the bay from the fort, and made fre.' -.Upa H.51 Nundulatin ; At,
ftlw A4 r-o.n Ud-" that mo-.ent there .wasa flash 01 flame
''.'.y--: r- : v -v. ' ---A . ---'t
naa an opportunity or seeing tne nome.
itrc." of tr.-.T.v n-r,,i of niaqM '
3IOVIE ?IEX TO PAY TAX. ;
Theaters Announce That They Will
Keep Old Charges in Force as Long"
as Possible. .
Although a tax of 10 per cent, upon
all theater tickets including movies ,
th nickeldom class, becomes
ioperative today, the prices of admission
to the local theaters will remain the
same as heretofore. The tax will
ter tickets out of the pockets of pa
trons, it has bee nstated but the smal-
ler theaters, the movies and the Pied-
mont, are to continue this week with-
out charging the extra 10 per cent.
A full plate
victory for the Kaiser at
tHe end of the war.
v A clean plate means a
clean defeat for him.
Save food to-save de
mocracy. . " ;
AMERICAN TR00PsABE " V-VS
: - i r ? BATTLING IN 'THE MUD;
They Are Constantly Under Fire and
Constant! j Have Their Guns on the
. WithUhe American Army 4n France
aiouday, October 29. (By the Associa
ted Pres's.jThe first "Americans to es
tablish contact with the Germans to
dajr are battling in the mud of, eastern
France, They ; constantly are under
the enemy.. . .. - ' . . .' ;
American shells have been hurled
into German territory and they have
exploded near the enemy line.
On a hill to the . right of the explo
sions cataracts of mud are to be Seen.
On one side an American officer is
. looking on the scene through his field
1 . . , . . -
glasses. ; tie is trying to see wnat
damage has been done by the artillery
to the enemy and hiS barbed wire, en
tanglements. V - " v
Closer to the enemy in the first line
trenches isthe infafltry with the shells
of both American and Germaa guns
whizzjnng;over the heads. The men
are rubber-booted and ponchoed. Rain,
mixed with inow, pelts their helmets
No clothing, however, is able to with
stand the wind-driven drops of rarn
and sno w.fbut gunners and infantry
men, although they were wet are satis
fied, feeling that the honor , of having
been the first Americans ;in action is
I more than sufficient recompense for
The correspondent reached the
American position after a long motor
ride thorugh shell-battered towns.
Leaving the motor in one of the towns
he waulkea the rest, of the way. Motor
i cars attract the eye of the Germans
and tney are likely, to drop a half doz-
en sns in the direction that any ma-
cnine is seen., xne ursi Ainwou
-ivirttfe' :jiflTnis!tr'-'-'lt was-the crack
ithe cracK or,
b. .75 gun and fo
a .75 .unand following it clclefy
1 . . . r J. 1 ... Mtl
the noise of the sneu rusnmg inui ugu-
the air, becoming fainter, and fainter
as the projectile went on fts way to the
German position over the crest of a
hill, farther avrny. The mud digging
artilrejists continued their work with-
out even looking up.
A iieutenant from Georgia emerged.
He was the officer wno directed the
first shot. He led the way down the
slippery, muddy hillo a dg-out cov-
erd over with sandbags and logs.
There Was met a lieutenant from Irt-
diana, of the same battery who direct-
ed the first 18 shots of the war against
German v from an observation noint
Germany from an observation point.
On the other side of the hill was
found the first gun fired. The muddy
gunners were hard at work cleaning
their guns. .... -
at the end
COUNTRY BOYS SHOW UP
f TTORSE THAN CITY BOYS.
oeiecllTe JJra" H Examinations Find
Y -more uonntry Boys , U itli Defects
Medical School Inspection Made
County boys according to . recent
draft data, showed up worse in their
physical examinations for army ser-
i Vice than ' did city boys. .A greater
j per cent of young men ; from country
were found unlit for military service
'because of physical defects than waa
the , case with young men -raised in
cities. Dr. J. A. Nydegger of the Uni
ted 'States Public Health Service, who
is authority for the - comparison:-accounts
for this difference through: the
lack of medical inspection ,. in the
J country schools. He 'says: -
V "While in this country most of the
city schools have adopted medical in-
spection, most of the rural institutions
have none. In this lies the fact that
insanitary defects which are today
barring ' men from the .United States
forces. Defective eyes, teetn, eaTS
!and throats among the youth of rural
communities have been found to be
due Jiargely to conditions in the rural
schools.. Improper desks and seats
also Have caused much spinal curva
ture, leading to other faulty condi
tions. These conditions ought to . be
corrected at once, and school children
all over the country should be examin
ed because defects arising, at their
period of life as a rule cannot be over.
coine later.'.' . ,..
The State Boar dof Health say& that
this is Just another surprise that he
physical . examinations incident to the
!Every body expected a reasonable
ber of t rejections on . account of
spipp.tivft draft nave maae Known
physical unfitness among our young
men," says the board, tout as tney were
the. pick of our flock and the best of
our manhood, we were more than sur
prised when it was learned that some
thing like' a third failed to duality, ; " I
r "This convinced us- that something
had to be done particularly for our
young men -who are now in the mak
ing. 4 Ivlany suggestions have been of
fered -but medical " school : inspection
Lf -wAie-iia them alL;- That the coun-
city boy is a more cvidentre"a'son
a State wide Medical School Inspec-
law is what is needed. v .
"North Carolina is probably the only
Rfofo that has this law.:; Beginning
Noember 1, this law goes into enect m
thirty-five counties, and should an-
other draft be necessary in the next
several years, North Carolina's coun
try boys at least will beexpectd tc
show up with their city cousins."
SOT TO DETT SELVES
BUT MUST SHIP TO ALLIES.
Food Administrator Afivises People to
Substitute for Wheat, Meats and
Washington, D. u. uct. i lut3 !
. ... . . , TT-Knt '
FoorV Administration is . Bumcua,b j
,!,! IUL-LJU. IIMMIIIII II I Win II III' lit' 1 uijL11
su-prised that evidences of miaappre- all the barks were staying open until
su.pi . . tvo-p o itT 9 o'clock. Ontimist'c observers thought
hension a sto the exact pu.po.e o.at-j dh.ict reach its ma x-
plan of food conservation are sua ;oml,7r , nVof of S' 000,000. .
j reaching Washington in spite of the!
wide educational campaign that has
been carried on by the Federal .Food
Administration through the newspa- ,
pers of their States.
The mistaken idea that American
citizens are exnected to reduce tli'r
own consumption iu order to se -i'
food to our Allies keep cropping nr. ,
"We do net ask. our pecplo to donv
themselves any food thc3-r need for
their health, or enjoyment,"- declared
a Food Administration oficio.l todr-y.
the nourish'ng, palatable foo5s. v.'T-I::
we have in a:nnxl0.nce for a. . few cc"-
mouitie1? t.nat we must yAi to our r
lies: - We rcust snd Vvheat, nicr.tc-.
fats" and-au ?ar.- There is no eseso-?
from that necessity and duty. W-
can do it easily1' if we . will substitute
corn and other cereals for a part , of j
our ,usual consumption of wheat, use i
fish, poultry and eggs instead of parti
of our ordinary cmoi'.nt of meat, em-
etabI-3 oils instead of animal i
PlCats in1 cookinr and. .save sugar by
I using syrups wherever possible. This
involves no hardship, no deprivation,
j In fact it will usually increase the
! varfetv-'ft-nd i3 1 ats.hi Ti t.v-of our daily
) diet. But. it - will release these other
roon-s vnica- -.concentrate, a . larg.
i amount of nutrit'vo value into a. small
':,T9"iup-.space. . uornbinea wira tnef.
elimination Of all possible waste .it;10
liUllllC'yUUil ail JUOOltalv C4-
r.prTiit us to keen our Allies sun-
ipiTPd .with food."
, highly .gratified with the unanimity
vr-rh which citizens of all states ar3
signing thp Food Pledge cards. From
: various localities - come reports that
enrollment Is muc greater than even
the moet omotirriistic - exnectations.
J In many localities ""the enrollment
Includes nractieally one hundred per
cent of he population.
Leading . .
PRICE FIVE CENTS
LIBERTY LOAN SUBSCRIPTIONS
V- 4 CARRIED FAR BEYOND GOAL
Banks h eritably bwainped by Bayers .
np to Late Closing Hour Sat arda y
. Nightj-Ten Million Subscribers.-
Washington October 27. The Lib- .
erty. loan apparently has' passed the
$5,000,000,00a mark. -
: A: last day drivei of titantic propor
tions throughout the nation rounded u -more
than $1,000,000,000 and was be-,
lieved to have carried the total several
hundred million . dollars beyond-the
maximum sum treasury officials had
hoped for. .
' Federal reserve banks were strug
gling tonight; under, an avalanche of
last ; minute ' , subscribtions to form
some idea of the grand total. Indi
cations are that they will not complete
their tabulations for, several, days.
. At least 8,000,000 personal through
out vhe country wrote their names on
application blanks. How many more
final count, several days hence. The
number may. be asiiigh as10,000,000. -
- Each of the 12 districts appeared to :
have passed its minimum, and indica
tions were that most of them had ex-
, eeded maximum as,wen
The treasury's tabulation of returns,
based upon the estimates received from
the, reserve banks, showed a total of
($4,555,000,000. This .was adniitted to
be an under-statement of the result.
At the hour the tabulation was made,
subscribers were standing ; in line in
thousands of cities and towns, through- '
out the" country and most of the 26,000
banks were swamped with unreported
; The treasury's compilation by dis
tricts"follows: ' f
Boston, $500,000,000 ; New York,
$1,500,000,000; Philadelphia,- $425,000,
000 ; Cleveland, v$450,000,000 ; Rich-
mond, $180,000,000; Atlanta, $100,000,- .
000; Chicago, $550,000,000; St, kLouia,
$200,000,000; Minneapolis. $130,0p0,000;
Kansas City. $160,000,000; Dallas, $85,-
000,000r-and San Francisco, $275,000,-
ooo. . V : .;v
"Subscriptions to the second Liberty -loan
probably have passed ,$5,000,000,- .
000," said a treasury statement.
"From every district came the re
port that it was almost impossible to :
estimate totals, as the subscriptions . :
were pouring in so rapidly that It was '
with the greatest difficulty they were
even being recorded. ' : . , 1
"New sales were being reported by
telephone, telegraph and messenger, it
was declared, from coast to coast; None
was, so bold as to say it would be possi- ;
ble to give an accurate accounting of
all sales before next Wednesday. v 1
.Wednesday is theiay on which bank -subscriptions
must have reached the
district- federal reserve .banks. ' -
'With its maximum safety passed at
nmg up a total or nunureus oi ininiun.
more.' An: enormous- volume of Dusl-'
ness was being conducted tonighi.""
Subsequent to the issue of this
statement, oflicials were informed by -
elephone that New York's total would
j run up -to 1,650,000,000. This would
swell the department's figures to' $4,-
"Cleveland furnished one of the
eleventh hour surprises," the state
ment added. "This district's total
bids fair to go high over the maximum
of $500,000,000. '
"Chicago, somewhat disappointed at
its slow start toward its maximum of
$700,000,000. buckled down hard today
to come as near that mark as possible.
Workers had not entirely lost hope to
night of taking rank with other lead
ers, but the task looked difficult.
'"Ationtfl wirei thev 'were -swamn-
ed with long distance telephone orders
- . -i i . I T - 3 J xl, 4-
and Wlin ieiegr'ipnic uruers aim mii.
"Indications tonight were that sol
diers had rrabscr'-bod $75,000,000 and
sailors $6,000. CC0." '
T0 neLI) 1? YgA?TIIE3IUM SHOW
Th'- ladies -cf the iiussicnary socie
ty c -a Presbyterian church will hold
a ci..-yEanthemum" show' in the store
room formerly beer-pied by Whitmire's
r.f or i r rr--" iMnveTnner zr.n
15 cordially invited to at-"
: lies are ,Ei;smxG AID.
be Able to
of Italian u
Tia . . or
ie thousand square miles
' ',tory 'has oeeh over-run,
. 000 Italians have been
maae -prisoner ana m. excess, oi iouu
guns have bee:i captured by German
and Ai: stro-Hu: sar ian armies in their .. .
eight days' drive- from the Isorizo"and
Carnic-Alr?s fronts o; the A'ustro-ItsrP ,
ian war theater. ' . ,
From the east - the enemy invasion s. .
on'the center of the battle front now
- .... , -
mento river, where it has been pre
sumed that Gen. Cadorna would turn
and make a stand. The Italian commander-in-chief,
however, has not yet
brought-his trops about to face the
enemy, but , in continuing his retreat
with the rear guards harassing the ad
vance. Just where .Cadorna purposes
I to give battle , has not become ap
parent. ' , " -
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