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FRENCH BROAD HUSTLER, HENBERSONYJLLE, N. C.
THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1919, French Broad Hustler Published Every Thursday Entered at ;thv Postoffice at Hendersonvilie as Second class matter. CHAS. N. WREXSHALL Managing Editor Subscription Bates K One Year $1.00 rtte Maatbs .50 'Iiree Months .25 All subscriptions payable in advance and discontinued upon expiration after notification. THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1919. The Legislaiure did not forget the! Confederate soldiers. It founi a way to increase their pensions and this year's Christmas gift will represent more evidence of appreciation for the service rendered from sixty-one to sixty-five than has ever been present ed before. Surviving sons of the six ties received from the State treasury last year, all told, the sum of $525, JOOO. The recent General Assembly de cided to bring it up to $700,000. They :hey , -5w. j ought to have a million. 1 4 ' : o Candidates for Governor are bobb ing up thick and fast lately, while the office of Lieutenant Governor is not likely to go begging. For the office of Governor, Mr. Cameron Morrison, ct Charlotte, was the first to break the news to the folks in a public announce ment. Next came Hon. R. N. Page and now comes the news that the Hon orable Rufus A . Doughton, the vete ran representative from Allegheny, la almost pursuaded to toss his hat into the ring. He is a former Lieutenant Governor and a former Speaker of the House. Lieutenant Governor Gar fi ner will also try his hand in the skir mish. May the best man carry jff the prize, o The Victory Liberty loan will be of fered to the 'people of the Country thirty days hence. The campaign is scheduled to start April 21, and close on Saturday, May 10. Five billion dollars will be asked for and the bonds are to draw four and a quarter percent payable semi-annually. The new loan will take the form of notes maturing in five years and the people are urged to give the proposition their heartiest support. The expens es incident to the great victory ac hieved were very great and must be adjusted. It is costing a vast sua or money to bring the boys home and those who did not fight are expected to pay the bill. Of course they are going to do it. THE GOVERNOR SCORED S03IE POINTS. The General Assembly incorporated a number of Governor Bickett's re commemdations into law and ignoreC others His proposition to erect a new building for the Department of Agri culture on the campus of tho Xorta Carolina College of Agriculture ana Engineering was turned do"vn fiat. Likewise his idea of a highway meas ure. ' The Agricultural Department baiilding is to l builied'n fia pres ent site in the city of Ralegh, ami . compromise roil bill as agr-.ed' np.-ti Which pryrld4 .for a 'State' 17m with optional ro y aid. Tnt cv ernor was in &f aM-ia iLe counties to par u.i-f curia of the cost in the State-wid ytm of foau . posed and th H )i- of RpreaffHta . tives voted with h.ii Th? . at balked, however, anA th m&vlt 'w&c a compronti whinh rprR.. the best though, of th roi eatijiiat represent mg lh two iciai. The rec dnnniai;n of ik Stver aor to removo tJit itafV r!K ni itjatoiniatratijs to tjf Statt farm j "Vas ic'c'sptd md lh rion building ( trill be convert el iat j a hop-.tal His Ideas touching a revaluation of prop erty .were embodied in the new XTa chinery. Act and a ix months school has been proTicel fotin the Idea tional bill. A toMr,('i"' school, Jaw was also, enacted and provisions re quiring Jhe .elimination of phjsieay defective school children v as Tjrovid- ed for' in the enactment of approniiat ite legislation. Other recommendations 'vhich. me - - " - . the approval, of the General Assembly- vvere: Fixing a minimum salary for public school teachers; to make san:- tory closets compulsory for the owner of property on which a. closet is lo cated within 300 fent of a dwelling; ratification of the Fdera 1 prohib. tion amendment; provide for a buc ket system; to prevent perpetuation of. species of idota and iuiboeiloa, and- other .matters of signicanca. While the Chief. Fxecutiva did not set everything he wiuted his recoin- mendations blazed the way for iho I enactment of many wholesome laws fof a distinctly progressive character. ! o YFOULD HAVE BEEN EMBARRASSING Ten thousand dollars may h need ed to properly enforce the so-called child labor law enacted by the recent General Assembly, bui tne House of Representatives probab-ly did tho ntt thing by refusing, in thu closing hours of the session, to pass the- Senate bill increasing the appropriation from $3,000 to ?10,000 per anujm The pro position did not look good on ii.s face and there is small wonder that the members shied at the idea of paying j $4,000 more a year to the commission named in the act finally enacted than" j was asked for in the Connor Saunlers bill offered by the Department of lab or and Printing, for a similar purpose. The proposed increase in the appro- priationn was an admission by the I i proponents of the measure ratified that they had secured the passage oZ a bill without providing means cf en forcement. But, perhaps that W is tho intention at the outset. Of course a greater sum will 1?c needed for the use of the commission created by the passage of the suVstl- tute measure, for the reason th.it no executive officer is named in the bill and no provision was made tor rent ing and equipping an office. Had ma chinery for the enforcement of the lanr been placed in the Department of La bor, the Commissioner would have been the executive officer, with ade quate quarters already equipped for handling the work without difficulty. One additional clerk to take care of the reports of inspectors would have" llltlL' tt uu,tli-u' mjo' w nprt wi,ana w tp a nnm. i priation asked for in the Department, bill was considered sufficient to make a mighty good start. Anyway, $6,000 is all that the De partment of Labor as'cea for in the bill proposed and the people of the State would have bt ea justified in pro testing a seemingly -unnecessary ap propriation, in that the suggestion for it had been created by the untenable position of a few prejudiced iegis7a- ' tors who failed to give a valid reason for their actions in the child lain;? ght. Spending, without apparent ex cuse, $4,000 annually of the people's money would have be'jn hard to ex plain in the next campaign and mem bers of'th ate the ir.: House decided not to ere- 3. As a mattar of fact, no . . ' justification for Much a have bre:i made and the democratic party may congratulate itself on hav ing been spared the embarrassment of fleecing the treasury of the State of $4,000 annually for two years by the refusal of the House to become a party to an attempted correction of an inexcusable blunder in the enactment of a child labor law. It is better to be safe than sorry. -o- NEW JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. The following were appointed jus tices of the peace for Henderson coun ty by the recent General Assembly, on whose recommendation this paper is not advised. Hooper's Creek Press Fletcher, "R. . Lance. Crab Creek G. N. Sentell. Edneyville G. B. Kill, Leande? Laughter Ernest Jackson, G. W. Led better. Clear Creek L. P. Pittillo. Mills River Frank Cathey, John Whitaker, T. B. Allen, J. W. Morgan. can leave your Widow a home to liwe ia. or 'n I re i YOU can leave her a mortsracre to-nav u j x Yourlobligations to your widow are as rfreat as your obligations to your VJife. louVe furnished home BUT where will yotir Seiltk Mpaii AGENTS Green River J.- T. Staton. N Blue Ridge Harley Justice, W. S. Young. ' Hendersonvilie FA. Ewbank, CP. Rogers, R. P. Freeze. Perhaps Representative Jackson may be able to explain the need for these additional magistrates and how they happened to be named by the Legislature instead of the people at home. THE LEGISLATURE ITS RECORD. The General Assembly of 1919, which is due to complete its work to day, will be known in history as the Great Tax Reform Legislature. In some respects it failed to measure up to all that was expected of it, but iiz record on taxation is without flaw. No one can deny that its legislation ! dealing with this subject is founded on. justice and progress, and marks the highest order of achievement. Tiie General Assembly of 191) has don for our tax system what no othe; Legislature in all the State's history has ever dared to attempt. But its achievements by no means stop with that. A careful review of its work re veals a record of progress that will be hailed with delight by all forward looking citizens. The important mea sures passed may be summarized a& follows: -. Taxation. A bill submitting e,u income tax amendment to a vote of the people; and an act providing for re valuation of property, incorporating the questionnaire method ' of deter mining values. The machinery for en forcing this act is almost identical with that of the Selective Draft Sys tem. It will be so effective m opera- linn fVinf - r V iTh f--- ff O - i ".TO m person who .endeavors to conceal tus pro i erty or the real value of the same will be in very grave danger of going tr jail in this world and to hell in the v.orid to come." i-. Education. A bill insuring a six i-:cnths' term in every school dis.riet in North Carolina and incrj?.siri. : lit salaries of all teachers, making a minimum increase of twenty-five per cent for a vast majority of teachers; ww' requiring cniiurcn to aueiiu sca;oi un til they are fourteen years old; also an act pro, ling to" a bft'c i system oZ vr national edu.:x'.: ji .i co-operation ) with the Federal Government. All this educational legislation was in ,,euia'ira ,11C Me who spoke at the last election by . ;.inrlinrl ihTio-infl moinritv in favor of better schools. This Legislature, tbeif-fore. deserves little credit for its ieco! cr education, but l e ther shouii the glory be piven o the General As simblv of 1917 which, in response to the Go'-ernor s apr eai, submitted tne Six Alonths" School Amendment. lUiMh. (1: A Mil' which, ac cording to the Secretary of the State Board of Health, gles us the best State law for medical inspection or schools in. the United States. It wilt result irectly in the dental treatment cf ftf.y. tho;?ri;d school children and the treatment of twelve thousand for diseased tonsils nnd adenoids during the next two ears. (2V A sanitary p.vry bill which Dr. Dankin estimates will prevent nore than twelve thou sand cases of snkness and upwards of a thousand deaths between now-and the next session of the General Assem bly. (3;. A bill increasing the appro jria:iou for county la);h ork from $15,000 to SUTTCO. (4). A bill thxt it is believed will effectively control venereal diseases and eventually wipe U your Wife a Widow live? 9 m T i m K il ' V them cut. and another making pros titution a dangerous practice in North Carolina. (F): A bill that will pre vent incurable lunatics and imbeciles from propagating their species. In fact the Legislature of 1919 passed every measure recommended by the State Board of Health and by so doing did more for the protection of human health and life and for increasing the vital e-ticxoijcy of the average citizeii thanvany previous General Assembly. 4. lloads. Here was the knottiest problem of all, but out of all the .wrangling and conflicting vievs there has come a law that will mean a State system of highways toucuing evjry community in North Carolina. These" splendid roads. wi.'l he constructed by thy State, the Feder:.l Government and the counties, each sharing in the cost, tho Federal Government putting up one-kali, the State one-fourth and the county cne'-fourth. Uunder this Road Act upwards of twelve million dol lars will Tie spent in building roads in the State dring the next two . years. At three thousand dollars a mils liiis will construct four thousand miles or road, or more than enough to link up every county seat in the State with a splendid highway. Another bill was passed making it mandatory for coun ty authorities to levy a tax sufficient to maintain roads, the amount of the tax so levied to be in proportion to the i amount of bonds issued for road building. 5. Child Labor. We come now to one of the failures of the Legislature, A careful study of tha child labor law enacted by this General Assembly con vinces us that it is not adequate and Is but little better than the law we al ready had bn the subject. The new law creates a Child Labor Commission and appropriates six thousand dollars for enforcement. The State Commis sioner of Labor is not on this Com mission, and the law names no execu tive officer. It virtually establishes a new State Department. We do not be lieve it will be possible for the Co?n mission to employ an Executive offi cer, equip him for business, maintain his office, give him inspectors and ether assistants with th3 meager a;. propriations of six thousand dollars. Another very serious objection to the new law is that it does not conform to the present Federal Lav, m the s?iij- ject. and as a result the .aoor Depart men in Washing: l will ta-ce over work in thu' State that should be .en by our cw i l.ai.) Depi'men: The General Assembly blundered ter City Taxe9.. 1st and ter tJ to the amount which taxes advertised in 3rd, 1918. Don't wai until the last minute.' You may forget itand incur a penalty) and the City must m4ke. reasonably prompt collec tion to take dare of its business. The Citv s Dusmess ss yotr business. Please taxes NOW. RESERVE I WS&&3kSGfa Ijp' YOU R. MONEY IN OUR, WA-TIOMAL BANK 4 Ov toix can. , set: tc The federal reserve bank act iis passed to give depositors better protection and to improve or banking system. It joined al! member b anks positors. It provided a district where member banks may take thus making it easy for member Do jour, banking where yon ribly when it accepted in toto a Chil 3 Tiahcr Bill drafted by and ardently ad vocated by certain manufacturers and as vigorously opposed by leaders oZ labor. At least a compromise mea sure snould have been passed. It was certainly a great injustice to the Com missioner of Labor elected by the peo ple to leave him off of a Commission charged with the duty of enforcing a labor lavv. Tabor resents it, nor do we believe the people in general sym pathize with this apparetitly uncallec? fcr action on the part of the Legisla ture. And when Federal inspectors begin to swarm as thick as flies in North Carolina searching every mill and factory for children under four teen years of age we have no doubt have been due the books c m ji a Citizens date a penalty must be added of the tax. and - j have not been this paper Thursday, April CITY TAX COLLE vsmen .you. wan? ix. togei or the protection of de- reserve nk for ' each section jtheir s rities an dget money, banks alvfays have money. have "National Safety." auoiia the little cot'e? ie of manufacturers who nre resi-'ii'.j-ibio to- Neal C'lild La, bor Law will regret xh.x it Wi'oT6? enacted rrohii-Ition. The Federal Pro- fiihition Amendment was ratified by an overwhelming voto. tit no legis.a.h.i wns passed st.-enSthcmng t,-.e preoit otate lav : u ue stTbjtct. The bill tn creato a I r.jnirMi Commissioner was defe 1 ii"1 t:ie oposed ousu-r law unf jrt " a mo: 1 same fa-. 7. Uudrl System. One of the im portant measures of the session was the bill establishing a modern budget" system for the State. This will save" tho State l ouLiinds of dollars annual- (Continued on Page 3) n since cto- e nl -jr -w paid will be pay your Bank G i CfOR j r1