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,,L-HI.Il'K!) KVKRY THURSDAY, MAKIOX BUTLER, Editor and Proprietor. A rpcfCmtr, a rUlnf Mrhlae 4 Nev Job Type iuvt Wcn adJed to oar Job Office, and o ct now do work to ult rrtn Iho rcct ff tMeou. Call lu atxt rt wimple of the work we hve docc In the tot few day. drAdvrrtUln rt made known on i p plica tic c;. casian: H Thitwwk we give you a neatly I'KKSS AMI WITH XEW TYPE. Vow show your appreciation by ..jvin" :tM' Kulserilcr3. 'uro Domoornoy xxxci w 1x1 to SupremAoy VOL. VII. CLINTON, N. CL THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1889. No. 32. CAU Till; EDITOR'S CHAIR. ii V T OITI INGS LOOK FRuM STAND POINT. The Opinion of The Caucasian and the Opinion of others which we Can Endorse on the Various Topics of the Day. The credit system is ruinous t the f firmer-. He cannot pay the exo bi taut rates for money or supplies and escape bank1 ruptcy. To those already in oVbt the best they can do is to reduce the debt some each year uhI increase the yield of the fiirin, which any pood fanner can do if he will try hard. Such a roiir.se in a few years will bring independence. -North Car olina Farmer. Another fact cited by Dr. Mar able in his sermon, which we reviewed in last week's issue, to prove that crime was oa the de crease and that the world was gi-ouvug better, was that at a comparative recent date in the world's history there was not a single charitable or benevolent institution in existence, while to-day the christianized portion tion of the globe is literally dot ted with those heavenly results of Christianity's leven. How can the Wilmington Stir har monize this with its position that crime is on the increase ? The New York Star contains the following from its Wash ington correspondent: The moral effects of capital pun ishment, as publicly administered by hanging, were to-day finely illus t rated at the nation's Capital. Nel son Colbert, a drunken, repulsive looking negro, years old, was hanged in the jail in the presence of at least 110 spectator. At 12:50 p in, how ling and singing that he was going to glory, and inviting every body to meet him 'on the banks of freedom where Uod's angels dwell." Tw o hours afterward a well connect ed white man by the name of Allen, husband of a teacher in the public school', murdered his wife in the presence of the terrified school chil dren, and then shot himself with the same pistol with which he kill ed his wife. Oar readers will remember how The Caucasian had just cause to condemn public execu tions on tha 29th cf last Janua ry. Such scenes art a disgrace to our civilization. Chief Justice Fuller is now on his Federal Court tour. His district includes the Virginias, Carol inas and Maryland. He will hold the Virginia courts first. In this connection we might say that this district is the only one of tie nine into which the United States is divided, that is not represented on the Su preme Court Bench. The va cancy caused by .the death of Chief Justice Matthews,of Ohio, a few months since, has not yet been filled. Now it would be the proper thing for President Harrison to select a man from one of the States of this dis trict for the place. The dis tricts and Justices represecting them are as follows : First, New Hampshire, Mas sachusetts and Rhode Island. Justice Gray, of Boston, Mass. Second Vermont, Connecti cut and New York. Justice Blatchford, of New York. Third New Jersey, Pennsyl vania and Delaware. Justice Bradley, of Newark, N. J. Fourth Maryland. Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. Unrepre sented. Fifth Georgia, Florida, Ala- baraa,Misissippi, Louisiana and Texas. Justice Lamar, of Mis sissippi. Sixth Ohio, Michigan, Ken tucky and Tennessee. Justice Harlan, of Kentucky. Seventh Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin. Chief Justice Jbul ler, of Chicago. Eighth Minnesota, Iowa, Mis souri, Kansas, Arkansas and Colorado. Justice Miller, of Keokuk, la. Ninth Calif ornia,Oregon and Nebraska. . Justice Field, of California. Justice Miller its the oldest man on the bench, and on ac count of age and feeble health is thinking of resigning. Judge McCary, of the Iowa, is spoken for the place. As seen in another column. County Supt. Royal suggests hat the patrons in every com munity supplement the public school money by private sub scriptions. This is a good idea, and it is a pity it is not a com pulsion instead of a suggestion. It is a miserable farce or a school where the parents and pupils' interests are not quick ened by the salty sweat of the individual brow. If the free schools are to become a fixitv tfien we hope the time will soon come when every school district, before receiving its quo ta of public money, will be forced to supplement the a mount by raising an equal amount by private subscription. When stock is turned on the green pasture, and there left all day, the water supply must be looked after. A milch cow must have plenty of Dice fresh water She cannot wait until she is driven up at night. The water is a necessary constituent of the milk, and she must have it du ring the time the milk is being manufactured. If deprived of water during the warm days her supply of milk will fall off. N. C. larmer. WItONG, BROTHER. What the Raleigh correspondent of the Durham Tobacco Plant calls Mthe annual row" over the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad, (which extends from Goidsboro to More head City, and in which the State owns the controlling interest, is now in full blast. It is all about who shall be the officers of the road. The Governor has not yet appointed the directors, and their meeting will not be held until late summer or fall, but this fact does not depress either the friends or the enemies of the present administration. Mr. Washington Bryan, of New Berne, is now the president of the road and desires re-election. Those who are opposed to him are favoring ex-Congressman Simmons for the succes sion. The Landmark hopes that Mr. Simmons will have nothing to do with if. He is an able, useful and popular young gentleman and a bright iuture stretches out before him. As president of the Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad he would in two years be the most unpopular man in the State. otatesville Land mark. The usually level-beaded Joe Caldwell is wrong in the above paragraph. Yes, Mr. Simmons is "able, useful and popular," and therefore he is just the man for the place. Railroad man agement requires the best tal ent and the strongest influences, and if this piece of State prop erty is ever to be worm any thing to the State or to the sec tion through which it runs, then such a man as Mr. Sim mons must be put in charge. Such a trust need oy uo means endanger his popularity, but would even augment it. If any one has become unpopular as president of this road, th:t fact should be chargeable, not to the position, but to man. THE CANNING BUSINESS. Business men of Clinton, read the farmers of Sampson, following and think: The canning business in the South is steadily increasing. It should be increased five fold at least. What a farce it is to be eating all winter Northern canned fruits and vegeta bles. This is positively as discred itable as it was in the North Caroli nu Agricultural rair to leeo tne stock exhibited on Northern hay The Baltimore Sun says: "At Marion Miss., a company has contracted with local iruit growers to take 25,000 bushels of lruit, to be delivered between now and the month ot June, and at Meridian in the same state, fruit and vegetables will be canned this season on an ex traordinary scale. The New Orleans Times-Democrat says: "It Missis sippi tries hard she can beat Dele- ware and New Jersey in peaches and make her vegetable and fruit crops worth more than her cotton crop, as witness the results in the pine lands along the bower end of the Illinois Central Railroad." North Carolina has a splendid field right here. In 1851 the two highest premiums for apples in the World's Fair in New York were awarded to North Carolina. Wil mington Star. lnere is no place, as iar as we know, in the South and cer tainly not in North Carolina where a canning factory would pay better than right here in Clinton. liut our people are alow to combine and take hold of an enterprise and easily per suaded b outside parties tha it is best for Clinton to rest on its oars and let other places reap the benefits of enterprise and push. CUMBERLAND NEWS. FAYETTE VILLE TO HAVE A CANNING FACTORY HO TELS CROWDED WITH GUESTS STEAM BOAT WAREHOUSE DE STROYED. 700 Persons Converted and Reclaim ed by the Pearson Meeting. Fayettevillk, N. C, May 20th, 1889 89. The Kickapoo Indian Show, which Las been in Wilmington for some time, is in this city. They are camming out in regu lar aboriginal style, with wig wams tvc. Every night ihey give a iree show, illustrating the character and habits of the Indians by dances, games, &c. There are several real Indians among them. 4 f i numoer oi geniieioen are engaged in forming a stock company for the purpose of can ning fruit and vegetables. It is to be called the lavetteville Canning Factory, This is the way to do. Thousands of dol- ars worth of fruit and vegeta bles are allowed to rot every year, but with a canning factory hera it is hoped to utilize all of t and benefit the people. The annual session of the Grand Lodge I. O. O. Fellows cohimenced in this citv last Tuesday and remained in ses- ion until Thursday when it ad- ourned. About 100 delegates wer3 present. liie following ifficers were elected: Grand Master, Joseph G. Brown, of laleigh; Deputy Grand Master, 11. Tool, ot Elizabeth City; Grand Warden, J. F. Benton, of Wilson; Grand Secretary, B. II. Woodell, of Raleigh; Grand Treasurer, R. J. Jones, of Wil mington; Grand Representative, Rev. .J 11. Cordon, of Raleigh; Grand Representative to Grand ncampment, R. B. Kerner, of Winston. About 2,000 was raised for an Odd Fellows' Or phanage. The next place of meeting is W ilmington, on the 2nd Tuesday in May 1890. The delegates were very gentleman- y and a handsome set. An excursion from Bennetts- ville last Friday brought sever al hundred people to the Pear son meetings. The train re mained over for the evening ser vices. An excursion also came in for the night service from Hope Mills bringing a good many. Many thousands of visitors lave been in Fayetteville dur ing the last two wesks. The Hotel La layette fed 500 people on Memorial Day and all last week had 125 guests exclusive of regular boarders and the transient travel. The other Iro- tels were also crowded. Walter McDonald, a negro was committed to jail ior a criminal assault on a white lady. The scoundrel will be severely punished if the charge prove- true. At 1:15 o'clock a m., on Sat urday morning fire destroyed the warehouse of the Cape x ear and People's Steamboat Com pany. A good deal of merchan dise was consumed. The fire is a n incendiary one, as the watch man had just passed on his round not more than a half hour before. The fire department were on the scene, but could do nothing towards saving the building, as it had made too much headway. The loss is about 1,550, and no insurance The closing service of the Pearson meeting was attended by more people than at any I time during the meetings It j is estimated that not less than 4,000 people wern there. Mr. Pearson's sermon was a convinc ing one, and over dne hundred went forward and . professed faith. The number of converts and reclamations is said to be over 700. The evangelist raised over 325 for the Y. M. C. A. to employ a General Secretary. A purse of 50 ) was raised for the evangelist. A great work has been done by Mr. Pearson, the influence of which will be felt for many years, and the deep sincerity of the faith of the conversions will be shown in the lives of the converts. Union services were held in Tabernacle last night, the Pres byterian, Methodist and Baptist congregations participating. A piece of good news for the people of this city and the trav eling public, is that a handsome passenger depot will be built by the C. F. & Y. V. Railway Com pany, on Franklin street. It will be large . and 'atted with every convenience, and as the drawings show an ornament to the city. The repairs to the Roman Catholic church, are nearly corn- pleted. It has been improved and repainted and is quite pleas ing to the eye. The First Bap tist church has been under re pairs for several months, and is almost equal to anew building. Services are now held in it. Eccl's Park is now a popular resort, as the weather is so warm. A good deal of shrubbery has been set out near the lake side, which gives a picturesque ap pearance to it. The girls and bojs enjoy the afternoon rides in tne pretty boats on tne lake. Occasionally a band of music was there on summer nights last year, &nd we suppose will be this year. The crops in Cumberland are good, it is said, though rain is badly needed. The dust in the city has been fearful. mi F AI i 31 llll S' ALL I ANCE The Birmingham Convention Re jects a Proposition from Manu facturers of Jute Bagtiiiijr and Resolve to Cover Cotton "With Cotton. Birmingham, May lGth. The National Convention of the Alli ance and Wheel, to consider the bagging question, continued in secret session today. A propo sition was made by lepresenta- tivcs of jute bagging manufact urers present, as follows: To seil for present delivery jute bag ging at these rates; 1 pound bagging at 8J cents per yard; If pound bagging at 81 cents; 2 pound bagging at 9 cents; 21 p .mi rid bagging at 10 cents, or at less than 5 cents per pound. Also, that if farmers were not picpared to take and pav for bagging now tll.lt. tlrn-u- wnnlr) I hold bagging for them until it was needed, adding J of a cent per yard for each month. The jute bagging men claim that at the price asked for bagging made of cotton 121 cents for ciom weighing oi a pound, or lGf cents per pound that jute bagging at present prices(5 cents per pound), is less than J of the cost of bagging made of cotton, and its use will save the planter at least 1,00 per bale. This es timate of the amount saved "per bale is based on the suppositon, that the cotton exchanges will not reduce the existing tare re duction for jute bagging. The convention declined this proposi tion. The following is the full text of the resolution reported by the committee and adopted on this subject: "Resolved, That we, from all the lights before us, recom mend to this body the perma nent use of cotton bagging as a covering for cotton. V e furth er recommend the appoiniment of a com'nittee of three, their actual expenses to be paid pro portionately by the various state Alliances, Wheels and U- nions, whose duty shall be to secure from purchasers and man ufacturers of cotton covered in cotton bagging, an allowanse of at least eight pounds on each bale at the mar rket price of cot- We still furth- ton when sold er recommend that in the event of any cotton buyer refusing to grant the allowance above ask ed for, then we advise members of Alliances, Wheels and Unions not to sell until such conces sions are allowed." It vas developed that there wTa3 some opposition to the a bove resolution, but it went through with practical unanim ity. Delegates contend that there is no such paving in the use of jute bagging as inanu facturers allege, and further that they have no guarantee that the price will not be put up again at will in future years. The price offered by cotton bag ging manfacturers is 12J cents per yard, weighing f of a pound. The A lliance has strong hopes of getting the allowance of tare in cotton which is sought. Let ters are on hand from strong New York and Liverpool ex changes. Southern manufact urers of cotton have agreed to allow them ten cents per hun dred pounds ou cotton wrapped in cotton bagging. 11 il. Star. WILMINGTON'S NEW HOTEL. The "Wilmington Messenge says Mr. William Bonitz, for Hia'iy years proprietor of the well known-known Bonitz Hotel in Ucldsboro, has leased the Commercial Hotel in that city, anu win at once morouguiy ren- n -1 1 i. 11 1.1 ovate, refurnish and remodel th3 house, and endeavor to furnish good accommodations to the traveling public at very mode rate prices, flf he makes it equal to The Orton Wilmington ! will have cause to congratulate heiself upon having two of the best hotels in the State.J For LAME BACK, side or chest; use SIIILOIi'S Torous Tlaster. Trice 25 cents. For Bale by R. II. Hollidav, Druggist, Clinton, N. C. OUR FARMERS' C0LUMX. SOMETHING INTERESTING TO THOSE WHO TILL THE SOIL. jG2PSo many agricultural pa pers are published and articles written by men, who have little or no practical experience as farmers, that information and suggestions through such medi ums have fallen into disrepute, and does but little good. In view of this fact, we wish to get the views and tested plans of practical farmers forthis column each week. So farmers, send in au account of your success in any branch of Agriculture, for the benefit of thefratemitytSa Three "UuestionsTbeir Answers. "I know how to raise cotton at 1 1 cents per pound now . 1 want to know how to raise it at 5J. I have sten cabbage raised at 10 cents per pound; I want to know how to raise it it 25 cents per hundred. I have seen wheat and potatoes raised that cost so much that had I eaten them they would have tasted of the 'greenbacks' that composed them." Cor. Progaessive farm er. To the first question we an- swer, malt your own manure. To the second question we an swer, make your own manure. lo the third question we an- swer, make your own manure, his own questions a little furth er on. lie says "To me it is clear that manip ulated fertilizers have been the cause, indirectly it may be, of the present conditions of the lands in the South. The lands were stimulated by doses of drugs known as 'fertilizers' until, like a constant eater of morphine, the land responds but barely. if.at all, to heavier doses than before- Their wholes le use led to a waste of fertilizing material that is disagreeable to contem plate. I know some of the most intelligent planters in the Old North State, and I know that ten or fifteen years ago these planters worked 50 head of cat tle oi their own, did not, as a rule spread 50 pounds of manure per head of stock. They relied almost altogether on guano How to Make Farming Pay. Does farming pay?" I en? phatically say it does. I was born and reared in a city, learn ed a useful trade and always commanded the highest wages; can now leave the farm and get steady employment at 3.00 per day, but that docs not pay near so well as the farm. To make farming pay it requires as close attention in every detail of the business as is necessary in any branch of merchandise, and it must be'strictly borne in mind that all food supplies for the family and stock as far as pos sible must be raised at home, and, too, it must be considered, that it is not what is consumed at home, but the surplus, that is soid, and don t be ashamed to sell anything from an egg up, and don't think the amount too small to take care of, and you will soon see that farming pays and have a snug amount of cash in hand. A. J. Jones, Colum bus, Ky. How the Best Pork is Made. Mr. F. D. Curtis says, in a New York exchange, the best pork he ever made on tiie larm was made by feeding sixteen old 3g?, twice a day, five bushels of turnips and sweeds, boiled and nixed with half a bushel of rye, ground entire: Three weeks before killing time the rye was increased to three pecks at each meal. The tumirr were cooked in a potash kettle which held, heaping full, ten bushels. The troughs were filled with the tur nips, the meal spread on and mass worked together with, a hoe. The hogs were allowed to pitch in. N. C. Farmer, Wolf in the Tail of a Cow. The so-called "wolf in the tail" is really inflammation of a joint serum andfeels soft under pres- sure There is no worm m it. 1 . ; The supposed worm seen on cut ting into the disease part is one of the tendons which are white cords of the thickness of a knit ting needle. The trouble may be caused by an injnry, as one cow treading upon the other, or hv Avnivsnrft tn spvotb rnW and tiowKrnir hvihooffta t::z;lc;:: ' z r 0ui, , .UDuv tine or any strong liniment to the part. New York Times. XANAGEX ENT OF MAM EE. lly Jatuv Norwood ol Orany County.) Some manures, it would seem, operate by attracting matter which is food for plant, ench as gympsum, which is supposed to attract nitre and moisture. Ashes afford salts and attract nitre. Other manures again af ford, in part, the food of plants and at the same time assist them in obtaining more from the earth by opening it for the more easy extension of their root?, such as barn dung and manures of that kind; others. perhaps, assist directly in sup plying food, such as salts, blood. putrid flesh, etc. Others, again, only serve to open earths which are too solid to admit the roots in search of food, such as sand, rotten wood, saw dust, tan bark, etc., applied to clay; and clay applied to sands aseiats, in part, by supplying additional food. and partly by enabling tha soil to retain a sufficiency of. water to supply plants with the requi site proportion of this article. Some plants extract their food principally from the air; some mostly from air and water, and others principally from the earth. But generally eppaking, plants require the united ass is tance of air, water and earth, and from these they extract that food which ie requisite to bring them to perfection. Some plants acquire most of one kind of food from the earth and some another. Tap-rooted plants, again, derive their nour ishment from a great depth, while those of fibrous roots only extract from the surface. Hence, the earth as the common parent of plants, may become exhaust ed in continually producing some kinds, while it may still l)e fitted for the production of others; and hence in some in stances arises the necessity of a change or rotation of srops. A knowledge of the efficacy of different manures to which soil they are most suitable, and the means of making the most of each, is worthy of the partic ular attention of the favraer. Lands are seldom so rich, but it may be a matter of gain to increase their fertility: and few tracts are so poor but that with proper tillage and manuring they may be made the residue of plenty. Manures are composed of all those subtances which either directly or indirectly supply plants with their requisite food, by means of which they are en abled to expand and come to maturity. In the first place, different earths will serve to manure each other. Thus, clay is a fertilizer of a light sandy soil, and sand is equally a fertilizer of clay. Where clay lands are in grass, the sand should be laid on as a top dressing; but where they are ploughed, it should be well mixed with the soil, for the purpose of destroying its adhe sion. Sand which has been washed down in roads is best. Where clay is applied to sandy soil it should be carted on in lllu UUU OJX. -U V-'iA.J. Jf UU that the frost may pulverize it before it is mixed with the soil in the spring. The better these earths are mixed with their re spective soils, the more sensible and immediate will be their ef fect; but their principal excel- lenc3 is that they are calculated permanently to improve the soil to which they are applied. Stiff lands are also in the same way assisted by sand, and sand again bythese, but neither in so great a degree as in me iormer case. Generallv, it may be obsetved, that all dry, light soils may be improved by being mixed with heavy earth, and vice versa. Ashes, I do not think, are suffi ciently appreciated. They an swer a most valuable purpose when applied to corn, paiticu- larly where the soil is not suit- ed this plant. Where the soil i9 wet, cold, loamy or clayey, the plants are apt to get stinted by the cold rains which usually fall after planting, then the ash es servo to supply the natural deficiency of the soil till it be comes tertilized by the sum mer's sun. ? Ashes should generally be used for a top dressing. Their salts lose nothing by exposure to the air, and some find their way into the soil. Common salt is a good fertil izer and adds verT mucn to the UinM 4 Ti.hnnt nnH of"anrTf nana J,AC1C' Ui r,a"i ancugiuruo the straw and prevents rust; top dres3 five busnels lo the acre. It is, however, more efficacious when mixed in compost than when applied in its crude Ftate to the soil. Soap suds is valuable. It is usual to throw this manure a- way; but this is needless waste. sleepless nights, made ftWe by that terrible coush. Suiloh'B Cure is the Ktmedy for you. For sale by K. II. Holliday, Druggist, Clinton. Alliance Department. . ORGANIZATION. President Marion Butler; Vice-President E. Rich j Secretary J. D. Esxell; Treasurer S, A. Howard; Business Agent G. A. Clute. LecturerN. II. Fennel!; Chaplain J. (). Tew; Sergeant-at-Arms B. II. Jer- nigan; Doorkeeper Charlie Crum- pier, Executive Committee J. A. Oates, Chairman ; II. M. Cruai- pler, M. M. Killett, W. II. Thom as, w. K iigiord. Committee on the Good of the Order J. A. Oates, a S. Peter son, C. II Johnson. Query Committee W. J. Craddock, M. M. Killett, Abram Hobbs. Co. Organizer I sham Iioyal. a&TTiiE Caucasian was adopt ed as the official organ of the Coun ty Alliances by i ho County All lance, January 10th.jt orqaxizer's report. To Caucasian, County Organ : On the 15th instant I organized the 49th Alliance in this county, in little Coharie township, with the following officers: President Am ma Fisher. Vice-President John Autrey. Secretary James M. Spell. Treasurer To be filled. Chaplain Dally Spell. Lecturer Herman Spell. Assistant Lecturer Bernice Spell. Door-keeper Richard Crum pier. Assistant Door-keeper Oil ver Spell. Total number initiated seven. Name of Alliance, Holliday; Secretary's postomce, Clinton. Ihey . have agreed to meet twice a month : that is, on the second and fourth Saturday, t 2 P. M., in the District School house, No. 40, white. Lsham Royal, Deputy Organizer. The convention of delegates of the State Alliances and the various wheels of the Union that was in session in Birming ham, Alabama, last week, deci ded to use cotton for bagging. We think this a proper and wise conclusion, for the jute bagging combine would hardly Keep their fair promises next fall, when the farmer was compelled to use jute or nothing. We Aiye elsewhere an account of the pro ceeding of the meeting. Farmers' Institute. The Fanners' Alliance of Wake county held an institute in this city on Friday. There was a large attendance, and an interesting occasion. The insti tute was addressed by Col. Coke, Gov. Fowle, Messrs. A. D. Jones, W. J. Peele and Josephus Dan iels. The speeches were perti nent subjects, prominent among which was the Agricultural Col- lege. The institute adopted res olutions expressing its views as to the management of the insti tution and submitted them thro' a committee, to tne lioard oi Trustees of the College. News and Observer. BLUFF ALLIANCE. A member of this Alliance says when he conducted a one horse crop he planted eight or nine acres in cotton aDd made about the same number of bales on laud that bad a clay sub-soil, and he used the best compost fertilizers he could manufacture, and also made an ample supply of provisions. He has for a number of years been cultiva ting a two-horse farm and plant ing about twenty-five acres in cotton and only makes about twelve bales, and buys his fer tilizers. Which plan is best? H s motto is, make a sum ficient supply of provision and then p'ant all the cotton that can be well cultivated, but says it is better to plant four seres to the horse crop in cotton on land that has a clay sub-soil, and by the proper improvement with good compost it will not require many years to realize a bale per acre, he maKes enougn wneai for home consumption and after he hai vests his wheat he plants peas on the same land, which is a most excellent method to im- IflMTO I9T11 I nOT'A a ! ntflAF land. There are other t-w,w good farmers in1 this secion whom I rr ight write up, but as I am doing this without permis sion, will wait until a more con venient season and with their consent; but suffice it to say. there are some number one good practical farmers belonging to liluff Alliance, whose experience in agricultural pursuits are worth reporting, and the major ity of then, are one and two (Continued on Second Page. WAKi: FOREST CXJLLlXil- A Short Sketch of IUUtblUhn:-nt, larljr Htntgilau4 lrrMnt IVcMiperiljr. Wakk Forest. X. C, May 20th, 1KS9. f Mr. Editor la 1S32, iat forty years after the origination of the University in Chatham coun ty, the Baptist of North Caro lina met in convention tn the same county at Ri eves' chapel to organize a school upon the "Manual Labor Plan for the benefit bt the poor and Ignorant children of their church and others that might come. Thus Chatham has the honor of being the birth place of both, though neither are situated In Its histo ry. The convention began to push the matter, and finally purchased a piece of land f rom Dr. Calvin Jones containing 600 acres ior ju,uw, oi wnicn amount $1,500 was paid during that convention, and the balance shortly afterwards. The matter was dropped until Neveinber, 1833, when the convention met at Dockory's meeting house in Rlchmord county, when again they were reminded of an edu cational institution, and at once forty trustees were appointed for Wake Forest Manual Institute, which name originated from the beautiful oak grove and county in which it was to be tdtuated. The convention of 1834, ap pointed William Hooper, Thos. Meredith, John Armstrong and Samuel Wait to meet in Raleigh and select a master or teacher as they might term it. Samuel Walt was ele. ted to fill that humble position as it then appeared; but, on account of no suitable buildings and furniture he was compelled to stend th3 firjt year In canvass ing for students and means to begin. On the first Monday in Febru ary, 1834, the school opened with thirty-four students and only one instructor, and with no necessary building except seven log cabins used by Dr. Jones for servants. The morning and evening prayers were held in a carriage house 16x34 feet which firmer lv belonged to Dr. Jones. The trustees applied to the Legisla ture of 1833 and '34 for a char ter for Wake Forest Institute, and after a good deal of debat ing was granted by a majority of one which was wiven by the chairman as there was a tie, which allowed it to occupy only $50,000 worth of property and shoull not be exempt from tax ation. The trustees appointed Elder Armstrong to solicit aid for erecting building, and in one year he raised $13,500. In 1836 Messrs. Hooper, Skin ner and Dockery were appointed o adopt means for raising money to endow a professorship. They raised $16,667.67. The first building was erected in IS37 at a cost or 814.500: which was used for more than forty years for dromitories, reci tation rooms and library. The Legislature of 1837 changed the charter to Wake Forest College and in various other ways. The college continued to in crease very rapidly for some time. William D. Hooper re signed the. presidency in 1843 and W. H. Jordan was elected in his place. At this time the college had become somewhat in debt, but in 1849 the whole amount was paid and again it assumed a prosperous condition. Since that time numbers of en couraging gifts have been given as an endowment fund. The first amount iven to it as an en dowment was by Mr. Barclay Bower, of Warreu count j thj sum of 10, giadually gradual ly did that incease until the close of the war, when there was $17,500, since that time by the benevolence of Mr. J. A. Bos tick, ot New York, and numbers of other frl- nds it has reached $177,000. . The college now comprises four handsome building situated in a beautiful campus ol twenty- two acres. More than four hun d.ed minifctnrs have gone out from its wall?. Fight of her sous have occupied president ships of colleges, and a good many mure professors chairs. Oar 3,000 students have gone out from its walls, some to for eign lands as inL'gionaries. From time to tilne it has had a good many draw backs but bravely has its banner planted itself and to-day it stands with as fair prospects an any Institution in the South. . Sextram. By brushing solid plush goods with commercial chloroform they may be renovated and made to appear as good as new. This is a fact Well worth remembering.