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N. I'., ;n Second- .-hi 3 -V!',u' r "m-iii!1!Si"iAY. NOV. 17. 1. .. .l. in vffirs th I K-mo tor .. .. v j- .lie I R.I IJ 4 i. I- . . .Vl . . ... t!;c;r a i I "?au- v.t 0, Ct-Joivd ; vc ish." And .tmii;,'o f r'av tin Tl:e Dcni"; ratio party i-as yioii iti North f'nrolif v. hut another euch a victory will kill I he yarfy. The leader's Varied tli'1 (-j in j a i ifi i bv alnii' r u na r.s iii the People's pariv ami triti( to drive Ibem back to the Deitiw-raiic party by crvini: negro i;iiiiatin, and by .ill kirnbi of apiils tt) nice fi- !ina and ,'ce tional hatred. When thin failed they bean to beg refoi n.t-rr' to L'o back to tlx parlv, when this failed they adopted i'r. Kii;lury'd suggestion and joined with the "black and tan brigade" to defeat reform. There is no louver any qn"sfio:i about t he un derstanding between leaves ami Sim mons. In short the reformers are beaten bv a combination and concert of action on the part cf the two ex treme clemenU of the old parties. AN OVlVlIGHT. A Ilaleigh correspondent to The Virginian makes use of the following language: "The newspaper pub lished by Marion Hutler, the third parly leader, makes a pitiful -appeal to the Democrats in its issue to-day asking for to-:rai:ee and good will.'' We don't claim to have the honor of writing the piece referred to by the ltaleigh cornvpondent. It was a clipping from the Farmers' Advo cate, and the printers of The Cauca sian failed to give the propcv credits. r . 1 1 i il 1 I I TIM ma it tit saui to trie eiecut or i ne Advocate, that it wad not a pitiful apeal to the Democrat?. It had no reference to any particular person or party. The lalci"li correspondent is good itt m isrep resell tation. - riUNeirLKsvTLL LIVE. The. People's party advocates suel principles as are dear to our people and mere defeat will not injure it progress. A party may be defeated in an elect iou, and survive. Mere defeat at the polls does not kilt a party if it has vital principles: which give it a hold upon the people, nor does mere success at the polls insure long Jife to a party, for ic may be its last ?uctes;. 1 u 1 848 the whig;; were successful, and in 1832 they were beaten and never heard of -again Whet her successful or unsuccessful at the polls, in order to continue to live, a party must have vital princi ple in which the people are in ter es tea. Fx. THE CAUSE AND THE MEAN ING. The result of the election all over the country is a surprise to every one, and to none more than to the Democrats themselves. The Demo cratic party has held the vantage ground from the beginning of the fight, but the leaders did not. expect euch a sweeping victory. The wisest men of the party are more thoughtful than jubilant. Eor over thirty years the Democratic party has been the party of opposition, their Statesmen have been trained for a generation to be successful objectors, ty le negative rather than positive workers iu State craft. Now to be suddenly put in possession of all these branches of the government is a victory that brings responsibility that is embarrassing to the party leaders. All the more is this true inasmuch as the result of the elec tion is not as much an endorsement of the pai tv as a protest from the masses against present conditions. The size and concert of this, protest from every quarter is due largely to the agitation and discussion of economic questions by the reform element of the country. Hundreds of thousands were educated on ami converted to the principles of .the People's party, who did not have the courage to vote with the party or who thinking that it could not win "this time, decided to vote for the Democratic party this time as the lesser of the two evils. In the past the party has always promised much but could always face the voter by claiming that they had not "had a chance.'' They now have the chance. Much will be expected. If the party temporizes with the situation, and fails to wipe out the oppressire legis lation and .to give the people the needed remedial legislation, there will be a tremendous reaction. But this reaction can never be to the Republican party, for it has nothing to rally the people to; The landslide will be to thfc People's party. There is room for this party, it "is needed and the next two years will shovr it. It is impossible for the Democratic party to meet the expectations of the people ou account of tho conflicting interests of the elements that have contributed to the success of the . party this time, . the Northern and New England elements of the party (which controlled the policy of the party in the last Congress, and which . will do it in the next) will never agree to the legislation that is needed by the South and the West. As soon .as the mass of the voters see this, there will be a rearrangement of party lines. A party of the South and West will face a party of the North and New England.' The re sult of this election paves the way for the reformers to crystallize its forces into one party and win in the next fight. The outlook is propiti-"- ons.'i : - - - ' :. : : . gflfEgiy rhetoric can tell the ,.Y f. 'v dv- before th one put... - 1V. saw th.-J wueU . (,.1J)U I Ml U it ...... T TT I .mi OK TJ I K N. rV y Fmi!ccl I oock's Annual Arc5. (Kdilorial Corriu!)Uencc-) r- Nov. loth, 1892. i resident Incks called the Su verj'.e Council of the National Ear iicrs.' Alliance and Industrial Union to-'ethcr thb morning 11 o clock. ik delegates from nearly erery .? . (. i?i i n I'resKient f? a un- . .... --I ,i 1 rne-fag.- will br delivered this fternoon. If will deal principally with the )rescnt situaticu and tue future work of the Alliance. This will be a Tory important meeting. Sttpa will be taken for strengthen- in and Increasing th- membership f the organization, while the policy for the future will be fully discussed md considered. M. 13. niE ORGANIZATION' MUST 13E MAINTAINED. This country has just passed through, a most remarkable cam paign. It has been one of vitupera tion, misrepresentation and villifica- tiou. The motives of good men on all hides have been impugned. This i to be regretted, but the great con flict is over and let all bitterness sink in oblivion. I3o charitable to each other, heal the wounds made by bitter words. But we desire to say. a few; words about tho Alliance. There are po liticians and bitter partisan papers throughout the State that would de light to crush the Alliance. They have sung its praises during this T I I 1 1 1 .. . campaign, nut at tne- same time cherished no special regard for the organization. They know that this reform movement was, in a great measure, brought forward by the Alliance. This great and powerful organization has done more to edu cate the masses in political economy and in industrial reform than any organization that ever ex i seed in thir country. Its worn has been rapid and thorough. From one end of the country to the other the masses have been groundedin its principles. They yet adhere to them. They believe them to be right. They believe they offer a just solution of the evils af flicting the, country. And we be lieve thev will dare to maintain them. Though there may be some es trangement, yet we hope and trust that all differences may be reconciled; that all ill-feeling may be' allay ed, aiul all may put their shoulders to the vi heel and continue the good work inaugurated by the Alliance. The masses must continue to educate themselveso.il economic and indus trial questions. They can not afford to trust the wily politician. They must study and co-operate for their own welfare. The Alliance organi zation must be maintained. Aside from educating the masses on politi cal questions, it cau achieve a vast amount of good in various other wavs Maintain it. Farmer i? Ad vocate. .National Alliance MEitrms, . Tcnn., Nov. 15 The first open session of the Farmers Alliance was held this morning. President LolTcks, Messrs. Afacune, Tillman, Ward ell, members of the executive board, Secretary Turner and delegates from every state were pieseut. President Loueks called the convention to order and express ed his agreeable surprise at the large attendance. He stated that tho po litical harvest of 1892 had been sue cessmi ana now tne work or sowing for a greater harvest of ?S9G would begin. This r em ark -was applauded by the Third party wmgl Hon. A L. Nimsonbekalf of Governor Bu chanan, w elcomed the delegates to the State, and Farmer Dean, New York responded. He said that the Alli ance more than any other body wras wiping out the k Mason and Dixon line- Maior Fleece, of lleraphis, and Colonel Gales welcomed the quests to the city. Marion Butler of North Carolita, responded to these speech es. after which a . committee on cre dentials, consisting of Messrs. Dem- ing, of Pennsylvania, Burkitt, o Mississippi, Otis, of Kansas, Elling ton, of Georgia, and Southworth, of Colorado, were appointed. News and uoserzer. , . " Whenever you find a man who vo ted for Fremont in 1856 or one who voted for Lincoln in 1860. von will find one who is proud of it Thirty years hence, . men will be "pointing with pride" to the camyaign of 1892, when they voted for the first presi dential candidate of the Peogle's par ty, J. B. Weaver. Alliance Jfetcs, ' The great shadowing curse of America to-day is the monopolist He puts his hand oh every bushel of wheat, every sack or , flour and every ton of coat, and not a man, woman or child in America but feels the touch of moneyed despotism. Talmaqe. There isn't" a millionaire, a banker, money; shark, or speculator in the land, that wants a change in our- fi nancial system. It is eood enough nlfi!ihrrn,Itmade them rich and is V!r iun'tt'maUrn 0,j Hot- noli Inn iju3 the followij!r! proclamation: Htate of Xorik Cab- EXECVTIV " ..INA, lb. From tbo ijepaktnkkt.S Ktab'.ihment V.nment to the present time, j there has been no period in the his tory of our Commonwealth in which the Supreme Ruler of the Universe has more richly bestowed upon us Hi blessingrs, or indicated more clearly His purpo.-e to preserve for us our civil and religious liberties. To the Author of all good we owe wnatever oi peacv, Fut or happiness we have enjoyej dur ing the past year. The people oi North Carolina have much foi which to be thankful, and, rhile the earth has not vielded her greatest abun dance, our poople are yet blessed with a moderate and reasonable re- tarn for their labors. In conformity, therefore, with tho recommendation of the President of the United States, I, Thomas M. Holt, Governor of the State of North Corolina, do appoint Thursday, the 24th day of November, 1892, as a day of thanks giving, praise and prayer. And I do earnestly request that the people of our State lay aside all secular bus iness and assemble on that day, at their usual places of wotship, in humble thanksgiving for 'past bless ings, and prayer for a continuance of Divine favor- In order that our service may be more pleasing and acceptable, let us remember in our prayers and sub stantial offerings the needs of the widow and orphan, the disabled soldier, the poor and afflicted, and all institutions established through out the State for their proper care and maintenance Given under my hand, and the Great Seal of the State of ' North Carolina, at the city of Raleigh, this eleventh day of November, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-two, anc; in the one huudred and seventeenth yearof oui American Independence.' Thomas M. Holt. By the Gov&ruor: S. P. Telfair, Private Secretary. t'hlel Justice Merrimou Dead Raleigh Cor Norfolk Virginian. Raleigh Nov. 14. At 2:30 o'clock this morning Augustus Summerfield j Merrimon, Chief Justice of this State died at his home here after a linger ing illness. His life had for weeks been despaired of. His disease was diabetes. For several years he had been in failing health. Judge Mer rimon was born in what was then known as Buncombe, but is now Transylvania county, September 15th, 1830. The place of his birth t 1 .11 TT was Known as nerryueia s. xie was poor and received a meagre ed ucation, mainly at Ashevilie. He was admitted to the bar and soon gained a reputation. In I860 he was elected to the lower house 'of the Legislature, and in May, 1801. was appointed a captain in the quarter master's department here. The same year he was elected Solicitor of the Eight district. In 185G he was elect ed Superior Court judge. He had, the most arduous work in preventing riots and deadly affrays between the ex-Union and ex-Confederate sympa thizers in the Western country, in 18G6, having a conflict of authority witu uen. L-artv', ne resigned as judge. He came here and resumed his law practice, his partner being Hon. Samuel F. Philips- In 1S58 heleclined the nomination for Governor- He was nominafed for Associate Justice of the Supreme ijourt, Dut was aereateci. lie was prominent in 'G8-'70, in the Kirk war troubles, and was one of the first to apply for habeas corpus writs. In 18G2 he was the Democratice nominee tor Governor but Tod R. Caldwell defeated him. In 1872, after a nota ble contest, ho was elected U. S Senator, defeating Fanee; 18 Repub licans voting for him. He was ve'y able Senator. In 1882 he was appointed Associate Justice by Gov. Jarvis; In 1S80, at the death of W.N. H. Smith, Gov. Eowle ap pointed him Chief . Justice, and in that year he was elected to the same position by over 40,000 majority. He married Miss Margaret Baird of runcomoe, wno survives mm. ne leaves six children. HE'S A CHUMP. Who's a chump? The man who works hanto make his farm worth $2,000 and votes to reduce its value to $1,000. The man who works hard to dou ble the products of his farm and vote to reduce their price one-half, The man who works hard to earn clothes for his ehildreu, and vtes tnem to another man's children. ' The man who works and trays 36 days in a year, and on the 3G5th day votes away half his earnings and says he's worse than an infidel ; he won t provide for his own family. The man who prays that this "earth may be as the kingdom of Heaven" and rotes to make it a po- uuuiu uen. iaiwnui itejormer. Suppose a railroad cost $10,000 per mile and ferns 6 per cent net to the stockholders. Then suppose the stocunoiders capitalize it at S30.000 per mile $20,000 per mile of water i i-. i. 1 1 i ... uy wuai. ngm in law or equity can ouvu jiuitu. iu a rate 10 earn 6 per cent, on $au,uuu per mile i A couple were married at Atlanta, Ga., who were first betrothed thirty five years kso. .--That' en inurement. was broken off, and since then - the C r Prml11 FM BCUI y cannot long endure in OUUtrywnero me wruueuuj wi iitiou is to con c-ntrat wealth in .ai.ds cf tiie Sew." e declare t"ni the Government id make iti ova moner. What V.uythiug that the GoTcrnment xii receive in payment of iblic dues is money, and good mo. v, no matter what its form may U.1 , ;l -ad the opinions of the men who m 'e this country what it is, and jiv- vrho is right: -Auv person holding any office, or any stock in any institntion in the nature of a bank for issuing or dis counting bills or notes payable to ber :er or order, cannot be a member of the House whilst he holds euch of4'' eor stock." Resolution sigued bv President George Washington. 1 " '-The right of issuing paper money Currency, like that of old and sil er, helungs exclusively to the na tion.". Albert Gallatin, Washing ton's Secretary of the Treasury. 'On the whole, no method has been formed to establish a medium of trade, in lieu of coin, equal in all its advantages to basi3 of credit, found ed on sufficient taxes for discharg ing it at the end of time, and in the meantime made a general legal ten der." Beu. Franklin. "Bank paper must be euppressed, and the circulating medium must be to the nation to whom it properly belongs. It is the only resource which can never fail them, and it is an abiHidant one for every necessary purpose. Treasury bills, bottomed on taxes, beariug or not interest, as may be found nec essary, thrown into circulation, will take the place of so much gold and silver." Thomas Jefferson who drafted the Constitution of the Unit ed States. "Funding is simply robbing the people on a grand scale." Jefferson. "Why compel the people to pay in terest on government credit through the bank, when said credit slnuld be extended direct to the people with out interest." Calhoun. "Bank paper is cheap to those who make it, but very dear to those who use it. On the other hand, national currency, while it would greatly facilitate its financial opera tions, would cost next to nothing; but would give to every branch of industry great advantages. And 'now I undertake to affirm without the least fear that I can be answered that a paper can be issued by the ; government with the single promise to receive it for dues, which would form a perfect circulation which could not be abused by the govern ment; that it would be as uniform in value as metals, audi shall be able to prove that it is within the consti tution and power of congress to pro vide such a paper, according to the most rigid rule of construing the constitution. John C. Calhoun. "The government ought not to delegate this power (issuing money) if it could. It is too areata power to be trusted to anv banking com pany whatever, or to any authority but to the highest and most re sponsible government." Thomas H. Benton. "I affirm it as my conviction that class laws placing capital above la bor are more uangerous to the repnb lie at this hour than was chattel sla very in the days of its haughtiest su premacy. Labor is the superior of of capital, and deserves much higher consideration, Abraham Lincoln, "3Iy agency in procuring the passage of the National Bank Act was the greatest financial mistake of my life. It has built up a monopo ly that effects every interest in the country. It should b repealed, But before this can be accomplished, the people will be arrayed on one sde and the banks on the other, in a contest such as we have never seen iu this eouutry." Salmod P. Chase. '"There is gathered around the capitol ot this nation a gang of pi rates, who thundered successfully at the doors until they have driven this government to the most preposterous acts of Lad faith and legalized rob bery that ever oppressed a free na tion since tho dawn of htstory." O. P. Morton. "If by any process all bmiuess were compelled to be transacted on i i a coin oasis, anu actual specie pay ments should be enforced, the whole civilized world would be bankrupt oerore suuset. There is not coin enough in existence to meet in specie oue tnousaudt part of the commer c.al obligations of mankind." Jno. J, Ingalls in the Senate, Feb. 15, $100 REWAliD $100, The readers of this Daner will be pleased to learn that there is at least one dreaded disease that science has been able to cure in all its stages, and that is CatarA. Hall's Catarrh Cuie is the only positive cure known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh bein a constitutional disease, re quires a constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken intern ally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the svstem. thereby destroying the foundation of the disease, and giving the pitient strength by building, up the consti tution and assisting nature in doinc its work. The proprietors have so much faith in its curative powers, that they offer One Hundred Dollars for any case that it fail to cure. oend for list of testimonials. Address, F. J. CHENEY & Cn Toledo.- O. Sold by Druggists. 75c. Give to evrf man what he earns with his hand. Capital gets too muuu, laoor get too little. Flesh and blood are more sacred than ?old. The time will come in thi3 ronntrv when every man will demand the right to catch some hsppiness before ue quits tne world. Kotert O. In- gersoii THE MOST PLEASANT WAY Of preventing thegrippe, colds, head- aones, ana levers is to use the liquid laxative remedy Syrnn of Fitrs. whfin. ever the system r needs a gentle, yet effective cleansing. To be - bene fitted one- must get the true remedy manufactured by the California Fig r.n V;a i v. For r is ,bvM HANDY MONEY FOU THE .An .examination of the report of the Secretary of the Treasury for 1890 show that what little money we have in circulation U inot of it in denominati iu so large that the com mon people, except editors, cannot get hold o it. The following are the denominations: Ten thousand dollar; cotes, Five thousand dollar notes, One thousand dollar notes, Five hundred dollar notes, One hundred dollar notes, Fifty dollar notes, Twenty dollar notes, Ten dollar notes. I es,oco,ooo 35,OCO,0OO -40.000,000 23,000,000 G7,000,000 44,000,000 195,000,000 216,000,000 - Total, $083,000,00.0 Think of it! $!j8,000,000 all in $10,000 notes. Who ever saw one? Besides this, some $640,000,000, largely silver and fractional currency is locked up in the treasury, and pa per bills of f 100,000 issued in its stead. Much more is held out of reach of the masses. We have only $407,000,000 in denominations of p and under in circulation. This is the money that is available for the masses. Yet this includes $15,000, 000 old paper, fractional currency, mckles, etc.,not in circulation. The r any uar d The great value of Hood's Sarsa pari 11a as a remedy" for catarrh is vouched for by thousands of people whom it has cured. MOVING BES JNTO THE CELLAR. The Mai a Paints When nd How to ! It Concktered. Two or threa rears aaro the traestionof when bees ought to b carried into Vt oellar was considerably discussed. Tb drift of the matter at that time wm that we were leaving our bees out of doors too long. The bees had ceased to store honey or to breed, they seldom flew and consumed but little food, either honey of pollen; in fact were ready for their with ters nap. No cleansing flights Were needed. The Intestines Were not loaded. because almost no food was being han dled or consumed, and nothing was void ed in these late flights, if the bees did fly. It was argued thai It was better to carry the bees in before they had even felt the touch of winters fltefh hand and before the hives were dampened by frost or snow or Ice. Instances were mentioned where bees were carried Into the oellar unusually early, yet they win tered well. Some beekeepers said that as time went by each year found them putting their bees in the cellar, at ali earlier date. "All this appears reason able, and, for aught 1 know, is good doc trine," aays the editor of The Beekeepers' Review. "I havo put bees In the cellar as early as Nov. 10 and as late as De9. 15. and could see little difference. II i3 my belief that after bees have ceased ac tive labors f or a sufficient time to allow their systems to get rid of the waste matter resulting from such labors, and they have had one or two flights after cool fall weather has set in, that ant slight accumulations may be voided. That nothing is gained by leaving them upon the summer stands. That any thing is gained by putting them In tin usually early I doubt. In short, I think it unimportant when the bees are brought In, provided hey have really settled down for winter's inactivity and they are not left out until freezing weather sets In. On tba subject. How shall the bees be carried in? tho authoritv Quoted says "If there are only a few colonies ani they are near the cellar they may bt picked up aod carried m by 'mala strength.' If there are two persons to do the work it etmplllaes matters, as the hivM ursjr be carrfel between tttem upon hnd barrow. Mr. S. R BosTdnran M a carl behfad. whkk he can wall md from ftra front of wWdh project rra f may h fbrosl straddle of a feiva aod in fiiva thus raised from fh bottom board aad willed into the cellar without so much as touching tie hiv with the hands. Mr. F. H. McFariand, of Vermont, has a sort of neokyoke, to each end of wtdch a hive may be attach ed by wire loops that pass under the hive. "If the bottom boards are loose (and they ought to be) and there Comes a day when 'ita growing oolaJer all the time, just raise each hive an inch or two, putting a block under each corner. This will allow the col l to 'get at the bees, causing 'them to cluster quickly and compactly, when they may be carried Into the cellar without leaving a littls cluster upon the bottom board or very many bees leaving the hive. 1 would not bnng in the bottom boards with the bees and I would Etack the hives if 1 had room enough. Manage In some way to nave an empty space below the combs. Put the weakest colonies on top." . WTten to Sen Fork. Sell your hogs when you can get th most money for them at the least outlay, acmses xue World, authority for thefol lowing: "lhaups and downs of price we cannot readily control, but by care ful attention to feeding and the use of the scales we can tell closely whether w are making corn into pork at a profit not. If not, there ought to be a change of ration or an immediate sale of market, able stock. It does not pay to hold be yond the time of profitable growth and fattening. Most .successful feeders be lieve it pays best one year with another to sell the pork when the highest point in gain has been roached, letting the question of probable higher prices alone. Corn used in keeping over fattened hogs will make twice as much pork If given to other animals. It is a losing game to hold for an Increase of price as atnle. Make all the pork yon can out of your corn in jnst as little time as possible. ' "As a rule it is nnprofitable to fatten swine in winter or to keep them for tha purpose of making them attain extraor dinary height. A bog that weighs 300 pounds dressed is large enough for all practical purposes, and for hams And shoulders fighter weights are preferable. Young swine will make more gain from the same amount of feed fhxn older ones will, so that fhn greatest profit consists In making bow mwchantaljle quickly and marketing laem as sonn as they are snffidtezfly large rati fat Exceptions to fin's rde cnry occtcr fn 1 flections where corn is clitfmawl plenty; on account of being bo Fa? man BtsffKl hat railroad IttJspstptfhm TSfflasrdl Be aSordel in Such tt&ss" fesStxiora. In winter to"an haifs fleet istS to ffftreH Co market may DetHetBjst wltycf mpblgdf he Su pluS grail. M : - : a invested it tfc dairy bug .&&W.fiJDfc Birrii Ou to Ry Atoms Aocordisf to ths modern notion cf "a omptoto XDJWnre,' neither salt, plaster &or lime is a manure at alL A 'coa plete manuw," we are told, is anything that centainri nitrogen, phosphoric acid oi potash. But salt, plaster end hzao ontsia nattier nitrogra, pho-pheric auJ tv). Ana tfm-for ILpt are Pleto. If w accept this notion there n nothing more to bo said. But vhUe nttrogen, phosphoric cid and poi.-uli are unquestionably the three ingredi- eota of plant food most generally deli- cleat in our soils, tt is very certain that they are not the only hubstances that Will tncrejwo the growth of our crops. Lime renders the nitrogen and ixXIi of our soQs more available; plaster injikw clover and corn grow more luxuiianlly, and I hare seen a decided -lencflt from aft appBcatkm of salt on mangel -wurzei. barley and wheat. John Johnston, the zatucr Z under- raining," and on Of the most e accen ted fanners of his time, used salt on his winter wheat for many years. Ho sowtvl about four bushels per aero broideaei an the land at the time of sowing the wheat m the faXL He once showed mo a large field of wheat that was also sown wilh salt as above, except a narrow strip rus afag across the field. The elite t waa asost marked aad fecnsnciaL. Tha wheai ea4h sttfo this nnsaltod strip wad toOer, the straw brighter and slifftr, acd Che beads better filled, ."Why did the salt do so much good?" Frankly, I do not know. There are hundreds of in stances where salt has had a decided ef fect; there are more instances where its application has done no good. "Agri cultural salt" has been offered our farm ers at very low prices, and many havo tried it; but for somo reason or ether its use does not extend. "Do I use it?" No. "Do my neighbors uso it?" No, cer tainly not, as a rule. Where one farmer uses salt a hundred continue to use, year after year, superphosphate. Hundreds of experiments might bo cited where salt has proved beneficial. Why it is sometimes valuable and often times not, we do not know. We do cot understand its action. We are nearly as ignorant in regard to the action of plas ter. For some years we have supposed that salt and plaster checked tho evapo ration of water through the leaves of the plants, and thus lessened tho injuri ous effect of drought. Somo recent ex periments would indicate that plaster was favorable to tho growth of the ba cillus ox "nitrate yeast" that converts organic nitrogen and ammonia into ni trates and thus rendered tho nitrogen immediately available for tho growth of our cultivated crop3. Possibly salt acts m the same way. All that we know at present is that salt is frequently very beneficial on some soils and for some crops. One of my neighbors who grows cabbage, onion3, carrots, etc., on low, mucky land depends almost entirely oa salt as a fertilizer. lie frequently raises a fine crop of late cabbago with p;ilt alone. On similar land of my own in the same swamp I find superphosphate and a little nitrate of soda highly bene ficial. So that it Would seem probable that salt develops plant food from tl soil. And it is a question for considera tion and experiment whether it is cheap er to furnish the phosphoric acid an-.l nitrates in the form of manures or fer tilizers, or whether we should uso salt, lime or plaster to develop them from the soil. If a given amount of money in superphosphate and nitrate of soda wilf produce as large crops as the tame amount of money expended in ealt.'Iimo or plaster, then of course the fertilizes ., are to be preferred because they furnish the plant food rather than develop it from the store of organic matter in the soil. . Care of m Horse's Legs. Should we wash the mad off a horso'e legs or let it dry on and then brush it off?" Good horsemen differ, oiu this point. This i3 tho answer given in Rural New Yorker. "If the mud could be quickly dried off, the best way would be to let it dry and then brush it cleacly oft But if that is not possible,, it U evi dent fbst, so long as it remains there undried, ft keeps the skin of the hocks wet the very thing to bo avoided. Hence apparently tho best thing to dols ft) get rid of ft fa the quickest possible manner. This Is attained by waxhing and sponging. But if thi3 is done it must be followed up by a thorough dry ing. If this is not done the 6econd state will be worse than the first. To avoid grease, have dry hocks in the stable, free from the lodgment of dirt Note iu Beekeeping. The following query wa3 asked and adswered in The American Beekeepers Journal: "Which is the more desirable lor hives a fi.it cover or a gable roofT' There were eighteen replies to this query. Fifteen of these answered "a fiat cover." The editor was included among tho ad vocates of a flat cover, and said that "if the hive slopes a little to the front all the advantages of tho gable roof are obtained, without any of its disadvan tages." J. P. H. Brown replied, "Flat, if to be covered with tin, but if no meta! covering 1 prefer a gable." il. Mapin expressed a preference for a gablo roof. G. M. Doolittle wrote that bo ussd a fiat cover overlaid with tin, which is painted white. Always have a little portico to the bee urea niwi rum eiieuumg over, anu an inch or two beyond it, advises the Ph ila- delphia Farm Journal. Tho bcc3 do not want to stay indoors during all the rainy weather any more than you do. " They may rush to the hive to escape a shower, but if they havo a veranda they do not need to all crowd in the hive, but lounge outside, stretching their legs, combing their wings, perhaps close some of their many eyes m a doze. In fair weather! as you do on a broad porch, while those who come home from a long flight laden with honey like to alight and reri on ita moment before crawling into the hive. -' A Good lie an Crop. . Now that .improved methods of har vesting have relieved the severe back aching labor incident to pulling beans . they may be grown on larger scale with less forebodings. They are best grown on level, dry land of heavy texture, but cultivated until it-makes a mellow seed bed. Too much growth of top is the langer from heavy manuring with stable manure. - Mineral fertilizers are bert for this crop, and on a clover ley plowed after the clover has nearly got in blossom the yield is often twenty-five to thirty bushels per ncre. It pays better thai wheat, but needs frequent alternation with clover to maintain, fertility, ns ti bean crop is an exhaustive one. Auieri can CultiTaior. ' Feed your milk cows all that !hy will eat up clean through the winter ijf you want them to piy for their keep at nil. . When one herd cf -cows "give milk containing over 5 par cent, hotter' fat,' while another yields milk with fes than per cent, butter fat, don't you ? i'e-the fallacy of buying that inilk" for f atter making either by the gallon ot pound? : !; I is the meal and 1ran:'fM 'cow that ices .tne butter. Winter bfr g fj fl wftii the cdwe f1 hn eirJ 111 LAiT5 USsCtft GLASS. j OlU-ot of A r.y r th Frof J ,tit TBifrtt for rU. I The cunsttu lly iocrtMng s t-t 0u tcsy in ti.J culm Vdva of plants makn. ' fcnoiflg cf the best methods for t br rftanagcmeiit of general imporUncsw In frrowiag pJints nadtJ? natural coudit ti.,- eat of door it L wta known that j ILcy yrils T,f4!f "iu- j Uv nectawary frr suceoftful pbrat j-, KtmctcTva wLcro artf- ; f cl;! j.rat j ' us,a1 0u this snjcct ULt. viTi;am slider, speviutendcnl of tire ..r3 M j onn,:s of the egripTflrtiral A ctit Rt Wariitccton. bats that I ca c-f tho most rrondent and iiriutforrs - emirs in tha management cf grco ril;Tplaat houses ! ftat tt I kevjiuj ilw tcmpe ntare too high during tho "tih -Lt. To luaintaln as high a d cr-.v? of heat daring tho darkness as uur ing tb? l'.bt is f practice oppoeil both to subtree and tin results of experience. It is fuco told that plants "Srown hi a ne irly uniform teuHxrfctnre under glass sd-Iuxa ripen or mature thJr wotxl in A ilyrjrzh muuucr; thehnus areltaznatnre MjTfTjHko feeble growths and ihe wholb platrt contracts a deliscte hsXtt of oou ... . i .. ;c a wiiica reuiiura n mcapauio n virhstitii-lim: the fclteiiteit nrLct wiCr- ont iajiiry. Oa the contrary! 5oaitcot J;r f n c jc ctjd to a enlfalae Tawrttttj of rifet.t tcTfi;tTaturo sja fjnSJl T&tnJV li-.To short Jotatl aAmsta3 'MTtrtte flovrprs tret oiiTy exjind ftcETO hUl rfcuiv.n luv.gcr In pci-fsotr; frotta sw bctttr colored and flavcred swl more ptiicct in every rt-spfjct tlnn thoic de-vek'p-d in an atmosphere of nalfona heat and mcitlnro. G rocnlkomd plants require no heat dnring tlw night further Chna to I'xclu lo froats. At: other i t nry consequent trnik a liigh night tompvraturo dnring winJitr arfsw from i!c extraction of moifitarof Qtora the atiiicf x here. To maintain an jnstde teffi pcruttuc of even i30 degs. when the ox ten:,;l is near zero involves a rapid, gent-ration of btivt, end as the capneity of ;;ir for t iking moisture incroasts'in pr port ion -to its rise 'a gmt dvmsnd fs made v?on the iJantfi and every thing f& the bo;:e capa.hu? of giving up moisttnu Tho oucuitity of water tbus carried cut may lv rem by th dfpvutioti (ft ico On tbe itiiic-r' efface of the glass after a niglii of severe frost Ice one-fanrth of an inch in thickness isoften fcnzird under tliefe f-irenmstanews, tiie result Of con densation and freezing of too water car ried fr th9;ontained molstnns tn tb atmo? jibrre and from the Furfao of tfev lilanti. Tho part-hod and mrhf<by as pect of tho plflnts eibjectod to socn treat ie cut is euiSjcient evidence againsl the practice. JJreiisins; and Shipping TcmKry. With tta exception of the Bcjtotf anal New Ec gland markets ioul try is rarery drawn. For tha New York market neither crop nor intestine are drawn, though the former must be free from fooJ, as the city ordinance prohibits the sale of ionltry unless the crops ar empty. Hectioa 1 reads thns: "That m turkeys or chickens be offered for sale la thic city uuless tho crops of suqh tm-keys and chickens are free from food and other eubtitauce and chrunk close to tho book. That all fowls exposed for sals in violation of this ordinance shall be ceiled itn 1 condemned; such of them as hhall l3 tuiutcd fehall, upon cxamin. fcion, be dotU oyed and the rest which tM (ut fur food fchull be nsftd Iu tbepublh) alituti- ms of the city." t To insure the Jiigheat market pricei for poultry the birda nrat be wtU talked, crops t-mpty when killed, cleanly picked, with the hkin unbroken and free frota bruk-e ox oUier blemish: carcp-ss thor ongLly cooled, bnt not frozen, previous to packing. I'auk in boxes vfidx a layer of clean straw rye straw is beetW twecn the layers or birds placed in tits same petition in which they roost obip jjoultry for tho various .holiday seasons so at to reach tha commission merchant from two to five' day in ad vance. Avoid having yonr poultry reach its destination cn a BAtorday. Slarh each package legiliy, sjiet: whart it contains. Send tira inroics by mail. Ibccditurcf tho MfaMart fkeeye kits that' for lirrco yettrs- Pi btrjar comparing lh 3ali wtfrlirmw hms, LetlES Usrta in flGo aoS ywd He .says (tot with teohtWfi!f the CnrnioIair5 ftored mors Ktofim than Ike Itubfins, with about the tsme pCT cent. :t swarming. . With a poor season, the Italians came out ahead. He eays the Ila'liaii3, as we fill know, wcro pro lific up to tiie conunencomeni of the borey litiW, then checked broodrearing uud iillil a iart' A thtsr ; combs v.ifh ho:;cy, whilo the CY.rriiotans ke)t np breed rearing ui.til lat in the full, using ap tfiieir tcrei und inuiany, cases re qr.irin feeding for winter. Tha Carnlo laas swarmed laanv times when no honey was coining in. , He did not Iiml them S.-J- gentle a.i ths Itaiiaas. ' Daring the tliree cea.o-is the Italiatm gave mors hoi-ey with IwA I;.bor and stings, Agricultural Kjrlmcnl EtaHoua. Ap-icrJtural experiment etntions are cor .i:j operaticu in all the states and 'crritorU3 except JSontana and Idaho. Durir..'; the year uew stations nave been ctabli -bed hi Wyoming, Oklahoma and Vashiaston. Of iae fifty-firs stations la tha United Elates, fifty receive thefr support wholly cr ia part from tin CTnited 'Slates truuury. Tho ptatroas tmploy 453 persona in th worft of ad uanistralion' and iaqniry.- The resnlta fctid itcwcs of their experiments are ascribed ia. the station bnlletias and reports. - Hefuso vegetables will vbe tgneCSHf eateajby fwk aad fe goddlsrin oo)S Ja-ncii-jn with grain. A correspondent "of iiou'-d dotdars he. has a hrd of Jtrst.v rr whof,e jailk it takes laes than si priiu.l to make a pound of clicoto.":' This rould require 7 jx?r cent fat and 4 pr cent eusein ia the- milk. sr. T TI:o Dairyman wisely advises-its coLTespon.i. nt to turn such rick milk ioto but ar. t or trrt-ry' c-s-?ny caicicena phere ongtrl to b3 130 square. foet of floor space. 5b raoro than twenty chickens should be cjoSned in one f.barttnent; i ao and Latch hi? boxes ehould be 1 onoiK, a., a-o. r. m. an. m.f i.a ,n mA .ortn-ixMinl rawuT ctnd wmtew-ashad.--...- The feed troughs should - never have dirt in them should be ssy made tkat the chickens cannot get -tick, foitia-lhoxn. . . . - , HOW'S if Ve oSer One Hundred dollars Be ward Tor any cash, ot Catairh that f.an not be eured'by Hall's Catarrh F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props., Toledo, O-' v -. , t - - Wi?, tho-nnderijirned, have known F. J. . Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe bim perfectly honorable in all business transactions and fin ancially able to carry out any obli gations made ,by their firm, ,,' '. ,-'.'V7o?f & .Truftx. -.Wholesale Drug gists Toledo, t;,jWaIdingr Kinnan & Mar vh;; Wholesale Druggists, To ledo, Ohio. ' V-'",:.' : - e -.J-: ' Hall's Catarrh Ctrref is taken in ternally, acting directly wapon tire bldod and mneon? Btrrfares of the" r teiff; -price. 5fl. Mtll;. Sold OKI5 J3fJOYs Sjrup of Fijs is taken; ii UrfJ and refreshing to the t i. aj"? cenlly yet promptly on t'w Ki fi Liver and BowcL, cloa:. . 3 tt.' tcm eflectually, uispes aches and fevers end c:r 1 xnstipation. Svmp cf only remedy oi iu kbvl txtt duced, pleasing lo tho t.-tte n. ceptaDio 10 mo stoma-.'!, pm pc its action and truly Ik -noiu &, hi efTects, prepared onlr fron efe n healthy ana agreeable EuL'taacv many excellent qualiticj tviaa to all and havo made it tie fc M popular remedy known. byrup 01 Uls la fir uls cud $1 botUea by all k.v!bi& gists. Airy reliable dm?p4, may not have it on hsr.,1 cure it promptly for any ocji wishes to try it l)o Uot'wttp:, substitute, CALIFORNIA FIG SfiWP t SAN FRAhCISCO, CL. tOUtSVtUS. Kf. . w Okl 1, m ATANTIC COAST UK. i Wiliiutoi & Mn U AND niiAXCMKS. TRAINS (K)lK(i S-.ilTH. Dated Avr2i 'frj. Xo. -Si Daily l"M V.nlj D... v. ! I Lv WeMori.. Ar Hotky Mt Ar Turboro.. Lv-arboro.. Ar Wilson. .. Lv Wilwn... Ar Selma .... Ar Kaye'ville Lv Uoltlbboro Lv Warsaw.. Lv Mntrnolisi. Ar Wiliu'Uin 1 4!im 2 lsj.iu 12 5SJIIH 2 t-pin 'i aopiu scjiiii 3 l.'piu 4 1 Ipru 4 27pni II Oij.ni a .!u j 7 (' .in ; 7 in p; THA INS (IOINU NOimif - i Xo. It ... "' J.aHy. I.-,::y. 1 A.i'iiiill ! 1 iiiii j 1 .r)S ail) i0 ,u .tin Hi! :.! 2 .Via pi j I ! 11 1 in : j I'P -Jill i ill1' I 12 M ,-u;. 4 O.'inni j i .i'l pin 1 y J'Jarn i i; I 12.V Lv Wilm'ton Lv fnpliolia. Lv Warsaw.. Ar rokl:boro Lv Kaye'ville Lv N4ma.... Ar Wilson... Lv Wilson... Ar Kocky Mt Ar TarlKro.. Lv Tarloro. . -r Wel.lon.. ' .nin I 2 .V. pM-, Xo. 15 daily. Joav- Wrl.lon !.', an-iveut Uorky Mount 12 0. An; son, 12 XI a. in", lave ioMhboroi . Mnpnolia 2 17, arrive i-t Wilmi !;- Xo. ;:; poiir Souib. I-avi.-t't ton 5 31, have M.-hoUh 7 11,1 . ! 7 27, arrive H 30, Lu.vo WiImih-i a Rocky Mount u i). Arrive ;u W. A I)aiI cxixjt Suiiuav. Trains on Sco?!.t'iI Xc k ..-, leave Wehlnn 4 i' p tn, Malif.iv i ,' rive Hcotlaivl Xwk at 5 15 p m, ; 0 52 p m, Kinston n Oil p m I: 1 leaves Kinston 7 V) a in. ;.-, i, Arriving Halifax at 11 ( a m, W'n a m. daily, except -'undav. Trainft on Ha.hinio:) hi-a-i waaliin;:ton 7 (n.) a. m-, ani- A ' tion H l) a, 111,, rctuniin;; b iv.- A tion 7 10, p. in. arrive wWiiint i'r ? Daily except tiundav. Coti'i-. t. on Albemarle an i haleli I: K. . land Xf-k llraiu-h. Jcal freight traiu'Iouvea W4 weilnes'Jay and Kridav at li 15 a r inj? Kooilaud Xeck 105 a. r. , ?30 p. m, Kinston 7 40 n. 1, ';. leaves KinU)ii Tues ay, Ti.-ir Sr.turdayat 7 )a. m; "Hirvi-t' . 8oo4Innd Xeck2:J pm - trnvn' 518 p m daily except Hmnlxr v Traina leave Tnrlwa, X. ('., u and ltateih flail mad, daiiv, 1 4 40 p in. Sunday 3 00 p arrm i ston, X. O. 7 1'pin, 1 2J in, - 8 30 p m. 5 20 p m. Ketui ni i;'. l f ; mouth daily, cx-x-pt .SuiidBys. , I day 9 00 a 111, Wiiliaui.ston, X. f. 0 58 a ni; arrivo Tarhoro 10 40 a 1 , Trains 011 Southern IMvision ' Fayettevllle LrancJi leave l.r a ni, arrive at K land I .r ,'- r . ing leave Jlow!ati 12 IZ i e. -ettevilie 515 p y.v J)niiy .v-pi r T Train on Midland, X. ., , Golilwboro, daily, except hu- ' ' arrive 8injth field, 7 :) a m. I; 1 j- ! HmithtleM.X.CU 1 in; arrive . !i' m Trainer. XoMhville r.r::n:: I Mcuntnt6 15 p m, arrivtn aMf. m, Spring 0 -j 1 p M. r, , Spring Hopi; H no a 1.1. .V;i i arrive Itoeky Mount 15 ia. ' Sunday. , Trains on Clinloa Mn:iv U-i ivr bunion c.aiiy. exfxi.; mi.: P in. nl Jl 15 a m. J.m i t-linton tt S 2"t a 1.1. st;i.! :! l ing at Warsaw with X 1! i" fiouthljound I'r:; in t,n V. i ! ville Jtraneii is Xo So. 50. l)aily exeej)t Sun. lav. Trains Xo. 27 .South, aid stop only at llocky Mount V.'.uf $ boro and Magn ol ia. Train Xo. 7H i.i.V. cs t f't Weidon for til ix.i;i-. X::!. via llichir.or.d, end douv. ' via Day Lir.e, :,lso at kv excep.t nun.iav with Non , Ilailroad for Xorfolk and viaxorfolk. JOJfV F in j J. It. KEXLV, (Jen'l M .v"! T. If. EMKIfSON Trail-;.' "r'V"-' Norfolk and Carolina FJ-t On and after Octolx r Sr i. run regular over this r-u Sunday) as follows: SOulh-bounrl Ynxst.wx i-cr. (i. Leave Xorfolk. Va.t : at foot of Mathews btrret. !l.V lolk, 10:27 a. m I'aJv.rra, good, 12:20 r. m.; Tarhoro, rive at R.cky Mouiv 1:3' v. , Xorth-Lound Paeitent.'.-!' Trs!5 i Leave Rocky Mount 1 VT. 2:17 r. m.; Jlolvoo l, 2:;4J r. ' -2:48 P. M.: Kuflolk. 4:50 r. a-:ivu nocKy lounr, ... boro, 0:30 a, m.; liohxxi, '-J--folk, 9.08 a. m. Arrive ' 10:10a.m. ..'..I Soatii-l-ound I'ssfeJie' l-'3u Leaves Xorfolk, Va.. 2: t P-; 1 3:36 p. m.; Hoif-ood. 5:3." P , -C.00 p. m. Arrives at Roc!:? r p. in. .. ' Baegare ci- -eked at Tkl; : f3njrs X'orfoik wbarf. j ' The pajserftrcr trains connl. Mount -Willi rorth and so'" "" over Atlantic Co:ist Lii.e. For further info. mat ion P. M folk, 4 tresis U ri5i A '.i,ti s. General i orwar... va. 1 Genera? Freight ana 1 : G. M. EKRf Kl I- 'v':, - . ' ; - i "