Newspaper Page Text
PUBLI8HKD EVERY THURSDAY HY TUK CACCAAIA PimLISBIIMi CO. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. NK VK-tt, AIX MONTHS. ntllKR MONTHS 4. II . .an Kntrrrd in the l'ot Office it Ilaleigh, N. m Beroud Clam Matter WITH Of BCOMPtlMEMTd. If yon are not. a regular subscriber, then this copy of Thb OjucacUN i?oh8 to sou this wek with .our compliments. If you like tbis issue, then we will bo glad to visit you regularly each week. But before you decide, let ub make one request, that you read every line in this rapr. After you have done tbis, if you like - . . - I . A .iil.a.i.iKaP IT, IDen wn wnnnwni'.'" "u"nt"" 'i if not, no harm is done. The Cak ahian is run striftly on a cam in-advanew basis. Thosp wbo subscribe now will r ceive The Cau casian from date of recusing tub icription until January 1, IbU'J. Address, The Caucasian rx-co Vinson altgelo'm omit 0PEKOH. Alrgrld, IJryan and Tillman probably come 4 near or nearer to the princi pled cf true Jeflronian Democracy tlianany other of the prominent men in the Democratic party, and therefore lltfj come nearer to th People' party plitform ptih'ih In th'Uuea rerent pecb mad by Y.x Governor Alrgeld whi'h a iratrlj rMA- ti.tii nf tb prim-ipirn. He aj that iucUi rr w bv d thirty year if riiirl- politiV", which has pro duced a f politirir:n In bMi f the old pari if who lav ftraddled every iinpnrlaiit oitin arid become the willing t'' f monopolies and IrmU. Thus h picture clearly and forcibly hp rendition that made the People' puny a vc-f"ity. Governor Al'geld iriww further tlian the Chicago plat form, an evry true JefTeraoi.ian Dem orat do. lie tnJa for the whole of the People' party platform, which Ia nimrty the . t rinciples ;f Jetferson applied to present condition. Let everyone read carefully and frtudy the Governor's jjreat rpeecb. It ia one of the bent presentation of the principles of the People' party that we hate ever seen. Read hi speech and then you will know for what the party stands- A CAKI. For sometime pant I have been forced to devote practically my whole time to Congressional dutie,and tothe nation al campaign of the pnpulint Party. Therefore, 1 have hot been able to Rive Th Caicisian the attention that I desired. We are now nearinj? oue of the most important campaign ever seen in the tftate. The questions to he settled and the iMies at stake are of the greatest importance to the future welfare of our people. Therefore, I shall take time to give the editorial column of Tub Caucasian my per sonal attention. I believe that a ma jority of the State, will, when they know the fact, sustain in the next campaign, the reforms for which we will contend, lint it i absolutely necessary for ThrCaccalian and other reform paper to be put into the hind of the voter of the State to make victory certain. Therefore 1 wish to call upon every subscriber of The Caucasian and friend of the reform 'or which the forty Pop ulist members of the legislature stood with unflinching courage in the lat legislature to a, once exert them selves to put The Caucasian or some good Populint paper Into evey house hold in the State if pMsible. Yours for the right and in the light. M ANION ISl'TLKK WHY TIIK. OPl'OHK IT. The Caucasian ha long been con tending that the best interest of the State and nation imperatively demand that the voter who think alike on the leading questions of government the most patriotic element of all parties, should join hands to criHli out the goldbug mono toly hireling traitors and tories who have dominated both of the old parties, robbed the people, and debauched our government for the last thirty years. Of course the gold organs, the rail road organs, and the machine politi cians of all parties are opposed to this. Their only hope to rule and rob the people is by keeping them divided. They tried to do this in the last national campaign. There were enough ot this class of Democrats to defeat Bryan in spite of the heroic and patriotic ef forts of the PopulUt Party to elect him. T ied same monopoly organs are now at work at their ob game in this State and in others tokeep divided the people who have a common interest. A large majority of the voters of North Carolina are opposed to the gold standard, are opposed to government by injunction, are oppose to monopoly domination, and in favor of transpor tation reform. 11 y joining hands on these issues the people can win with a great victory over corporate greed and thievery. This done, and we will have not only a white man's govern ment, but we will have the best gov ernment the State has ever seen for both whites and blacks. Shall it be done? That is to-day the overshadow ing question in the State and nation. Mark every man who oppose this. No matter what excue he gives for oppos ingit, down at the bottom he is at heart with the Cleveland-Sherman Mark Hanna crowd, and stands in with the pillagers and oppressors of human ity. The Democratic party in North Carolina has a number of so-called prominent and leading men of this kind. Notice that the Charlotte Observer and other gold a 3d machine organs of that stripe are not only trying to pre vent this, but have threatened to .bolt and fight such a co-operation of the people, if it should be formed. Of course the Observer and all gold mo nopoly organs would bolt. Thar, is what is to be expected, and more than that it is to be desired. That would put them square in the Mark Hanna camp where they belong. As long as they are in the Democratic party they will work day and night on the inside to deliver the party and betray the people back intothe handsof Sherman Cleveland and the English gold syn dicate. They hate the Populist be cause he is a patriot; they Into a ail yer Republican who is an anti-monopolist for tbe same reason; they love a goldbug and monopoly Republi can for the same reason that they love gold Democrats. They are the ene mies of liberty and prosperity tbey are the disciples of the Shyiocks that Christ drove out of the Temple. Watch them! Beware of them! The Raleigh correspondent of the Wilmington Star says ; MI am told that Senator Butler went tothe Nashville Exposition one a free pass. He could bardly call tbis Cauca siak business." This Is false. The papers that charge that Senator Butler rides on free passes publishing falsehoods, and tbey wit. KYII)fc i: OK TDK 0FISACY AC CI'Ml'I. ITK ANI MULTIPLY. For weeks and mouth The Cauca sian ha been warning the people against a deep and wide-laid schen e of the gold syndicate. The scheme is dangerous because, it is being worked under cover. The object is to sidetrack the money and monopoly question, to turn over the State legislatures in the next campaign to the railroad, and to turn down Bryan in 1M0 for a goldbug or a fttradJIebug. The enpiracy is being manipulated by the Cleveland gold Democrats. It may be aiked how these few goldbugs who bolted Bryan and supported Pal mer can have any influence with those who supported Bryan ? The explana tion i not hard to give. They have partner, confederates and spies on the inside of the Bryan party. The fact is that only a small percentage of the goldbugs and monopolists In the Dem ocratic party bolted. It must be remembered that tbe gold bugs in the Democratic party are so numerous and powerful that they have practically controlled tbe party for 30 years. It is a matter of history that every Democratic candidate for I'resi- dent since the war up to Bryan has been a rank goldbug and as much of a tool of trusts and monopolists as Mc Kinley or John Sherman. It must al o be remembered that the delegates from North Carolina, under the domi nation of the Ransom machine, and the delegates from other Southern States, under the domination of similar gold- bug machines in their respective States, have helped every time to nom inate these goldbugs in national con vention. So we see, that for this en tire period the goldbugs and monopo lists have absolutely dominated and controlled the Democratic party, though the great rank and file of the party has all the time been for free sil ver and against monopolists and trusts When this powerful goldbugelement in the Democratic party was last year caught napping and taken unawares by the nomination of Bryan, they at first intended to bolt in a body. After reflection and consultation they decid ed to stay in the party and pretend to suppoit Bryan, though intending to secretly defeat him if they could. But their purpose was if Bryan should be lected to pretend to be good free sli er men and try to get all of the offices under his administration, not only for the purpose of holding the offices but mainly to use their positions to try to made his administration a ailure But their ultimate and greatest object was that by staying in the party, for regularity" sake, they would be in a stronger position to work on the in side and to help the gold crowd re capture the party and dictate its course n 181)8 and in 1900. They stayed in for this purpose, and this is what they are now doing. The open enemy on the outside (the gold syndicate and the railroad trust) are furnishing the money while the real work is being done by their spies and agents on the inside. We have exposed repeatedly the ef forts along this line of the Charlotte Observer and its retinue of "soaptails-' and gold and monopoly tools, assisted by all of the railroad organs in this State. We have also given evidences of the progress of such a scheme in Maryland, Ohio, New York and other States. Each day fresh evidence of the cun ningly planned plot accumulates and multiply. Now comes the goldbug At lanta Journal (the paper of Hoke Smith, wbo was in Cleveland's cabi net) with an editorial that shows the slimy trail of the monopoly snake. It says : The leading newspapers of Ala bama, almost without exception, are urging that national issues be ignored in the State campaign or next year. The Anniston Hot Blast, wbicb is heartily in favor of this policy, pub lishes a list of 43 persons which have taken the same position, and finds on ly lb which insist that national issues shall be injected intothe State cam paign. in the former list we find near ly every well known daily paper and the ablest weeklies in Alabama. Many of these papers are ardent advocates of the principles oi tbe Chicago plat form, but tbey believe that it will be better for the interests of the Demo cratio party in Alabama to make its State campaign purely on State issues. The Democrats of Alabama. are badly divided on tbe issues presented by the Chicago platform. Six thousand of them voted for Palmer and Buckner, but they represent only a small part of the host of Alabama Democrats who refused to accept the Chicago platform and vote for Bryan. These numbered many thousands in Alabama, as tbey did in every other Southern State. There were thousands of others who voted for Bryan against their ennvic tions for the sake of "regulaity." and many of these would refuse to repeat sucn a uisiasteiui experience. Tbe above from a Cleveland gold or gan that pretended to support Bryan (but which, like the Charlotte Obeer ver, sneafcingly and cowardly did all it could to elect McKinley) should be carefully noted and considered. No tice that while it admits that there were but six thousand gold Democrats who bolted and supported Palmer, yet it boasts that there are many times that number wbo ' for tbe sake of reg ulanty"' voted for Bryan, but who were equally as strong goldbugs as tbe Palmer i tea. Tbe fact fa that many of these gold Democrats wbo pretended to support Bryan and who are now in tbe Bryan party, secretly vwted fr Mc Kinley. These are tb drgeroi hypocrite. these are tbe valuable pUand agent of th gold syndicate. Tlw r in side the Bryan ramp wherthy rau do mischief. They ar wole m been' clothing. S ome of their effective work in Alabama. The At lanta Journal boat that tbey bve already captured IS papers leaving only 16 papers, that Mat-d true to Bryan and hi principle. Of toure all of these forty-eight prHend to b for Bryan now. It is necessary for tbem to do thi to fool the people and work their treacherous scheme. The Atlanta Journal in effect .admits their purpose to siO'ra k silver and toknife Bryan. They are uting the liv ery of Heaven in which to serve tbe Devil. Everyone of these forty-eight paper and the politicians of that class are striving desperately to re vive the tariff and the nigger as the leading issues. It is absolutely nec essary to icfUme the masses of the people with race prejudice to keep tbem from detecting the deep and black eoldbuff plot. The Charlotte Observer, the leading gold organ in this State boasts that it has a majorPy of Democratic papers to help it to wcrk the fame plot lure. It is all right to look out for white . ft. A. 1 man'i supreraacy, Dut aiso ai iue same time we must be on the lookout for the scheme of the gold Shyiocks and monopoly devils who are robbing and fast enslaving humanity. The greatest struggle ever waged between the people and organized greed is now on. The result will now determine the fate of the Republic and tbe future of your children and your children's children. The geld gamb lers will resort to every device to con fuse and diide the people who have a common interest. They must do tbis or tbe people will unite to win. Tbey will use race prejudice, and every de vice which devilish cunning can hatch to divert the attention of tbe people while tbey fasten tbe chains of in dustrial slavery upon us. Let the people be on their guard Eternal vigilence is the price of lib erty. Since the above was written here comes another issue oi the goiuoug Charlotte Observer, which says : "It cannot be diverted by the cry of railroad lease, monopoly and trusts and the coming campaign so great is the shame cast upon our State .and so determined are our people to be rid of it will see gold-buge, silverites, Dem ocrats. Populists, and honest men of all parties united in an effort to k,v. more secure good honest biate govern ment." Here is more evuleiice : Let it be remembered that the Chr!otie Obser ver did all it could to r ivvent a union of silver forces in tl state to carry for Bryan: remer b r 'hat afitr ibr union was ti; cted ti . it sneakingly and cowardij tried to v. ,i k a plan to secretly defeat the ticket and turn ovr the State to McKinley to insure us the blessing of negro postmasters as well as monopoly rule. Remember also that that paper is responsible more than any other for preventing the support ers of Bryan from co-operating to elect an anti-monopoly legislature. And yet that sheet dares to advise the course for good honest and decent men to follow. Let it be remembered that that paper is an organ of the gold trust, and is attempting to work the same scheme here that the Atlanta Journal and others are working else where. In short, fellow citizens, the evidence of the conspiracy is sufficient it is overwhelming. Let the jury take the case. WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH CuTTO? The present condition of tbe cotton market is indeed a distressing one to the Southern farmer, whose debt-pay ing ability depends almost entirely up on his cotton crop. The prevailing prices are almost tbe lowest on record. Not but once or twice in a half centu ry have they ruled as low as they are to-day, and the tendency still seems downward. Cotton cannot.be produced even under favorable circuojsui.ces, at present prices, and certainly it would seem reasonab e that a staple in as uni versal demand as is cotton should yield to the producer at least a small profit upon his investment and upon the en ergy and toil expended in its produc tion. This cannot be done at present prices; on the other hand the farmer finds that he wi'l come out behind on bis year's operation. This is an un natural condition, and is due to unnat ural causes, that is, causes other than the natural law of supply and demand. We know that the cotton manipula tors, who, by tbe way, are the self-con stituted guardians and managers of the farmers' crop, taking upon themselves the responsible burden of pricing it for it for him even before it is planted, as sign many reasons for the prevailing low prices of cotton, chief among which is an abnormally large crop. We take no stock, however, in this overproduc tion theory. We have heard it before, it is a pet argument of those who love low prices and dear money. The world at large must get nearly all of its cot ton supply from tbe production of the Southern States, and the half and poor ly clad people of all countries is living evidence of the fact that vastly more cotton goods than is could easily be con sumed. Would the financial condition of the masses cf the people in America and the old world permit them to con sume to the extent of their desires and needs, the increased demand would greatly outrun the increased supply. If overproduction is the cause of low- priced cotton, it -is an overproduction of hard times, an overproduction of debts, and an overproduction of pan pers, and tbe same cause that produces this condition of affairs works its die astrous effect upon the price of cotton In this connection, we submit tbe following figures, prepared from statis tics, and -which were embodied in a re port lo Congress by a Senate Commit tee making investigation into tbe con dition of the cotton industry, in direct proof of the fallacy of the overproduc tion theory. In the seasons of 1860-61 the total world's supply was 6,366,000 bales, and tbe surplus at the end of tbe eaoo was an amount sufficient to run ibe American mills about five weeks and the Europao mill about twelve weeks. In tbe season of 1S9&91 the total world's supply wa 1 1,940,0(0 bale, and tbe surplus at the ecd of tbe season Wat an amount sufficient to ran American mills abant four and one-half weeks and the European mill .buu. Mrven weeks. Thus we se, comparing these two -aon, l!o0 61 ai.d 1;0-&1 (which were taken a a fair tet.) that although tbe production in lSIKM! was nearly twice what it wa io 100 CI, tbe surplu i at tbe en l of t he aon of 1800-91 was less than at the end of tbe season of 1SG0-61. The same i true cf other eans. Take 103-91, tbe total world' supply was 1 1 ,G00,t4), and at the end of tbe season the surplus of American mill was for about four weeks and for European mills about nine week. This comparison of sup ply an l surplus is based on the world's production; but a similar result can be seen trom a comparison or the nome crop alone. So much for overproduction. We believe that there are two potent factor, which are almost wholly re sponsible for this protracted depres sion of cotton value to the farmer First and foremost is the destructive influence of tbe gold standard upon all property values. Cotton, like every other commodity io which the farmer is interested and like the property which he holds is suffering a deprecia tion in proportion to tbe appreciation of gold. It is true that cotton, due to manipulation, is ' subject to erratic fluctuations in price, selling some times higher and sometimes lower, but it is noticeable that the general ten dency has for some years been down ward, and that it has been keeping pace with, in fact outstripping, the depreciation in other property values caused by a contracting financial sys tem. The reason that tbe gold stand ard has a more disastrous effect upon cotton is the fact that we export such large quantities of this staple. In fact we export considerably more than is used in this country, the proportion being about one-third used for home consumption and two-thirds for export. This export cotton must come in competition in tbe mar kets of the world with the cheaply raised cotton of India,, and other sil ver using countries. As these silver using countries are able, not only on account of their pauper labor, but also on account of the fact that Celling in the markets of the world for gold they can convert it into silver and thus on account of the relative value of gold and silver bullion receive double what we wbo are on a gold basis will receive for the same grade of stuff, it will l e seen at a glance the great disadvant a e under which we labor in competing in the markets of the world with thete silver using countries. It is true that tbe Southern States raise a big major ity of tbe world's supply of cotton, but the fact that the price at home is con trolled by tbe price of the export, and that there is sumcient cottou raised in the countries referred to to cheapen our export product, makes the gold standard work with a doubly disastrous effect to us upon this great staple pro duct of ours. The other potent factor and unmis takable influence in the depression of cotton value to the farmer is the sys tem of operation in "futures" or the buying and selling of options. There is in New York, with a branch in New Orleans, a gigantic combination, styled the Cotton Exchange, whose members, under certain rules and regulations, make it their business to manipulate the price of cotton. It is purely a gambling device, they dealing exclu- ively in fictitious or wind cottou, neither delivering nor demanding de livery of their sales and purchases, but it differs from other gambling devices n that on account of its peculiar and far-reaching effect, it controls to a con siderable extent the price of real or spot cotton. These big cotton opera tors, in effect say to the world, we will buy all of your product or we will sell all of your product, but they are care ful to try to shape the sentiment of the rest of tbe world so as to make tbem as much as possible trade in tbe same di rection. As their biggest clientage is throughout the South, where this sta ple is raised, and where men are nat urally inclined to believe in tbe tend ency of their product to increase in value rather than to decrease, the trad ing in cotton options by the South is usually upon the buying side. Th's leaves tbe manipulators to sell, and with the machinery in their hands for regulating prices they would be less than human did they not take advant age of their ability to decrease the prices of cotton in order to add to their own profits. Another depressing in fluence which tbis system has upon tbe price of cotton is the fact that the tra ding in "futures" or fictitious cotton is ten times as great as the trading in spot or real cotton, and, as future cot ton almost invariably rules lower than spot cotton, due as we are told, to the fact that future cotton is by contract deliverable in any of thirty or more dif ferent grades and half grades, and in the event of delivery (a thing that never happens) the commonest grade will be used, it is easy to understand that future cotton, obeying the natural law that when two bodies of like sub stance come together the greater con trols the lesser, has the tendency to keep spot cotton down to its level. There are many other reasons and tricks of the trade of this collossal gambling device why the future sys tem works disastrously upon the cot ton trade, but to discuss them would make too lengthy an article. Suffice it te say that these cotton exchange men have in their hands tbe machinery for fixing prices, tbe world looks to them to fix it, and the world accepts their quotations; and that they can with ease, and frequently do, bieak the price of cotton several points in one day when there is no warrant of tbe natural law of supply and demand to justify such a decline. In fact, they have, to a considerable extent, robbed the law of supply and demand of its power to regulate the price of cotton, and now only resort to it to suit their purpose by giving news of an unusu ally large crop to accelerate a down ward movement or of a short crop to give impetus to an increase, as they find it profitable.. -It a paraphrasure is pardonable, tbey are certain lewd fellows of tbe baser ort wbo have bound tnemselte together ia asj oath to make merry of tbeir tremendoas i tab bo no jkxr nta watkk ttx. j TB UACCAMAX IS IBI rwir town of Tarboro ba Jat made a con- tract with a company to pet i wattr profit while with low prices, tbey system, tbe system l be owatu an belp to slay ibis great Southern Indus-j operated by tbe company and i c t by try and dethrone cotton from its proud position of Kingof tbe staple products, , It U Indeed a aid eoasotary upon the t qual rights and privileges cf men when a combination of men such aa cotupo tbe New York Cotton Ex change, many of whom never in all tbeir lives aaw a stalk of cotton, and are strangers to tbe discomforts of a noonday sun can and often do in one day, make vastly more profit out of cotton by manipulating tbe price to tbe detriment of tbe farmer, than can be earned, not only in one year, but In a lifetime of honest industry and toil of those in the sweat of whose brow it is produced. But tbis system, we venture to say, could not exist to such a dangerous extent were it not for tbe gold stand ar J. Tbe gold standard makes it easi er for the largo holders of wealth to control and corner the cotton market. The gold standard is the Pandora's box from which eminate nearly all of tbe other evils which are affecting our in dustrial welfare. The remedy for our farmers is to vote for such a financial system as will put tbem on an equal plane with for eign competition, and that will take from tbe large owners of wealth the power to control tbe price of their la bor and toil. r x-ftoTrrnor Jartls U ont la an open letter in which be oaakee a vieloa. at tack oa Senator Bstlr a4 ;verner Ratsell.aad coo ! that silver I ! erats sboo'd et make aay further war on old Ieoiocrst. Tfci I please th . . II ft I. t ... a law. ria AlTM I aMFaT FT sw tbe city. If w are correctly i ' . ... the company ial!oeJ to charge tbe papr puJ... -- - l.ir.t l!t a morh Mr-! approval, t will tt year wnoa ine in: thought ts-Govrhur JrU w a i cerr silter man that it pnt a great deal f tim rid cu'irf and abig him. InthU connection we are renided of a letter that w receivnl a few day inr irq-iirirg whj lijveroor Jari, !.o clarified lube o-h a troig free . . . a liver ruao. n atiacaiig viciiy Senator Batler. ab did a much a anyvtber man in America ti elect Bryan. The explanation I eay 1 THE GRAND JCBY GAN ACT. Thk Caucasian is in receipt of a let ter from a prominent citizen in an oth-r county, endorsing Judge Robin son's charge to the Wake county grand jury against free passes, and congrat ulating Thb Caucasian U t its editor ials in support of the same; but the writer closes by saying that court has just adjourned in his county, and that tbe J udge failed to charge their grand jury with reference to free passes, and that tbe Solicitor failed to draw in dictments against railroads for issu ing the passes or to take any action whatever in the matter, and asks The Caucasian what chance there is to enforce the law when the Judge and Solicitor ignore it. In reply Tub Caucasian will state that it hopes, sooner or later, to see every Judge in the State charging the grand juries with reference to the law agaisn; free passes, as well as on other important points, and we also nope sooner or later to see every Solicitor vigorously enforce the law. in fact, we think anum per oi them would nave done so sooner, if tbey bad tefore had their at tention called to the law. Eut to an swer pointedly the question of our correspondent, we will state that the grand jury has the power to see that the law is enforced, no matter wheth er the Judge charges them on this point of tbe law or not, and no matter whether the Solicitor draws a bill of indictment or not. The grand jury of each court is itself a court of in quiry. It is not only in the power of each grand jury, but it is their duty to see that presentments are made against every railroad for every free passed issued, even if it should happen that both the Judge and the Solicitor were riding on free passes. A grand jury can have any railroad conductor summonsed to appear before them, and can have them under oath to state who have ridden over their roads on free passes. Ilaving secured this in formation, it is then their duty to make presentments against such rail road companies. If the grand juries of the State will do their duty in tbis respect they cannot only put an end to an evil which has greatly corrupted our Legislatures and political con ventions, but they can also nearly double tbe school fund of the State without any more taxes, for under the law everyone of these fines (from one thousand to five thousand dollars for each offence) will be turned into the public school fund of the State. niih ihM with water in thr I i a iti worth.n!.beide.thit llftj it ta pay th water company fr the priviTf iotfce water in f a f fire an amount that would on pay for tb wltcle watr work eys?m. Ifour information.! trrecr,tbre i ei'her some jobbery in thi contract, cr el the city council i der-ly ignorant concerning their toainer. Tba water rystem, electric light sys tem, gaa plants and sewerage ytein, etc., cf every town are monopolies by nature.therefore tbe only way ttat tbe people living in a city ran have them selves furnished with thefe conven iences and neceseities at a living price is for them to be operated and owned by theeity. The city council cf Tarhnr.i would do well to study tbe example of Glas gow. In 1830 when that city decided to own and operate these natural mo nopolies in order to furnish necessary convenience lor lis citizens at cost. It founl that tbe gas company, the water company, the street railway companies, etc., were giving the peo ple a poor service and charging double what it was worth. As soon a theeity took charge, tbey at once reduced tbe water tax to one-half and arranged to furnish tbe people with purer and bet ter water. The price of the gas was also reduced one-half, and other charges in like proportion. It was ad mitted by everyone that to-day I be city of Glasgow is tbe best governed city in tbe world. You can live in it cheaper and get more conveniences, and tbis because theeity owns and operates all the natural monopolies. The people in many of our American cities are rebelling against monopoly domination and robbery, and are fol lowing the example cf Glasgow. Tbe other day the people of Mobile, Ala by a vote of uiv.-e than four to one, de cided in favor of municipal ownership of its natural monopolies. Tbe same thing was done within the last few months in Des Moines, Iowa. In fact, nearly every day a move along this line is being made somewhere. Sooner or later it must and will come every where. tr. s,ut han1ir( tf , C-IC-e. r i , ra r 1 1 IT.1.M r , . " bj r... - a ! . 'akig h t.r r reited. t aid re j ,tr ... and t'. ! tbraf jr, gen-. !.. rurtira n. d.ffrftit r. Some .( i. . lis funds wl.i Tbe abiut . in. v t.t.'-. If iue f ( u. itur correspondent " recall tbe fact It will t f.:i . tbitrx Governor Jarvi ran from tbe jtc-urhirg Silvrr Convention in IVi because at that time be did cot want to be called Mpon to declaie that he would vote for no one but a silver man for President and will alio remembcf that ti was oefore the legislature of l!S pesiog as a disinterested visiting statesman and advising the legilature to compromise the back taxes which the Atlantic Coast Line owed the State, while at the same time he was a tired attorney of the Atlantic Coast Line and was keeping this secret from tbe I.egifla ture, and will also remember that he blames Senator Butler and Tub Cau casian' for exposing his hypocrisy to both of these cases he will have an an swer to his question. o J J THB THIAX BY JURT" HYPOCRITES There are a certain number of pa pers in tbe- State that may be justly styled "railroad organs." These pa pers are all opposed to tbe reduction of freight and passenger rates, and therefore they are all in favor of Major Wilson and Mr. S. Otho Wilson hold ing on as Railroad Commissioners. It is exactly this class of papers that I have raised a howl against Judge Rob inson and Judge Coble, claiming that they had murdered the Goddess of Lib erty by refusing the Wilson brothers a "trial by jury." These hireling news papers care nothing for the Wilsons individually, and care less for the principle of "trial by jury." All they care for is that railroad rates shall not be reduced. Every one of these papers know that tbe Wilsons were not denied a "trial by jury," and could not be, because there were no facts to be determined by a jury. .The Railway Commission law expressly gives the Governor the power to suspend the Commissioners, etc., and provides that the next Gen eral Assembly, acting a? the grand ju ry of the State, shall pass upon the facts and determine whether or not they shall be removed. This law is so plain and explicit that even lawyers wbo are paid to do so cannot possibly differ about its meaning. Therefore the only question that the court can possibly determine is whether or not tbe law is constitutional. Who ever heard of a iury being empanelled to test the constitutionality of a law 1 The jury determines the facts; the court determines the law. Therefore, tms being simply a question of law, that is, of the constitutionality of law, it is in tbe province of tbe court, and the court only to pass upon the nut ter. Tbere is not an intelligent school boy in tbe State who does not know this. Then what shall we think of the hireling railroad organs who are Tain ly attempting to prejudice tbe public mind by crying out that the Wilsons have been denied a "trial by jury." KKMKMBBR! Remember that if freight and pas senger rates were reduced to a fair and just level that $2,309,nn would be saved to the people of the State each year. Remember that thi amount is more than twice all the taxes that the peo pie of the State pay each year to sup port cur State government. Hemember that a reduction of tele grapn rates co niteen cents mean a saving of over $21,000 a year, while if tbe twenty-five cents rate was put back and the proposed increase in taxation made in lieu of the reduction, that it would mean a loss of between nineteen and twenty thousand dollars a year. Remember that if tbe fraudulent ninety-nine year midnight lee.se is set aside that the State will save over $120,000 a year for the next ninety- nine years. We say more than $120, 000 because the value of the North Carolina Railroad will constantly in crease and will double and treble in value in the next fifty years. In ninety nine years tbe loss would amount to more than twelve or fifteen million dollars. Remember that tbe legislature bss the power to prevent corporation fed eral judges from issuing injunctions to tie the hands of our State govern ment, and from removing cases from our State, courts to Federal courts, which are too friendly to monopolies. Remember that tbe monopolists are opposed to all of these refoms, and that they will spend severa1 million dollars, if necessary, to prevent the next legislature from being elected on these issues. Therefore, let the people watch the newspapers and politicians who are now laying plans to sidetrack these and other important questions in the next campaign. We have noticed that several papers have published a clipping from a Rocky Mount paper which stated that Senator Butler in his speech at Rocky Mount charged that tbe brute that committed the nameless crime in Richmond county was hired to do so by Democrats to furnish them with political capital. In the Brat place the speech was made at Rocky Mount some time before this shocking affair occurred in Richmond county: in tbe next place Senator Butler of course never said anything of the kind The papers that have been so eagerly copying and commenting upon this false and malicious report could have easily ascertained whether or not the same was true if tbey bad desired ; and, besides, the statement was so unreason able that it seems that any fair and honest editor would have attempted to ascertain the fact before publif-hing the same. If there is any paper that desires to know what Senator Butler said in his speech at Rocky Mount and will publish tbe same, he will take pleasure in furnishing the paper with a copy of his remarks. the bo-k tl t t.- COLiJ Eu ft , The latet I- notes ahaij. .'. lb Sjdth yellow f-ver famine .1 , tntbd 'or u: stimulating bu. meet is at on- j of tbe UrKa:. When psttletc . tbe SjutL. tbe I door of God. average prtldbu" Niliocal Bimetal ilaw Wealth i. l". rl It is now an - twenty of our r: : ...3 land values than . :(j 3 142,740 farmrm " 11 j own more la:..: the farms of Ka& -, Missouri comt.;t.. (Kama) Standar.! Is eseentlal t health. Every no. k and corner of tin system is rtarbt .1 1 its quality tberou i : penda. Good 1,1. ...i good digestion, r blood mean crof u! tism, catarrh or t.V way to have good : Barupartila. Thi u, talizes, and cork L.-. 1 tbe elementa of !..:: every nerve, ora a good appetite, tii and rurea that tin d 1 LTU Bloo ! ."k W 1 '-h.aj g Evwrrbody Savya So. Cx3caret3 Cand r Cathartic, tbe moat co dciiul lurxlical discovery of the age, ptee4 not aud refreshing to the taste, act eeotlv and positively on kidneys, liver and bowels, cleansing the entire system, dispel colds. cure headache, fever, habitual constipation ana otuoasness. riease Duy ana try a oox of C.C.G to-day; 10, K, 60 cents. Boldand guars ntciiiil In nnolij all nnnlsts Every time that McKinley appoints a negro postmaster, a great howl is set up by tbe railroad organs and the Ran som machine politicians. They shed great crocodile tears of sympathy for the good people in tbe towns that have had negro postmasters put over them, and wbo must be afflicted and cursed by their presence. We would sympa thize with their lamentations if tbere was any sincerity In tbem. But let it be remembered that Cleveland kept a negro as postmaster over tbe good peo ple of the town of Fayetteville, alfd that he did it at tbe request and solici tation of leading gold and railroad Democrats of the town. It is under stood that tbeir reason for it was that tbe negro had been valuable to them in manipulating tbe elections in Cumber land county, and that they wanted to use him for this purpose again. In fact, the only objection that this class of Democrats have to tbe negro is when be does not vote with them. Remember, a negro was kept by Dem ocrats in tbe Fayetteville postoflice over white people for political reasons Tbe howl that is now being raised against negro postmasters by this class of Democrats is also for political reasons. Remember also that tbe class of men wbo are howling loudest are those who either openly voted for Mc Kinley for President or secretly tried to defeat Bryan by advising Demo crats not to vote the joint electoral ticket. Had it not been for tbe patriotism and courage of tbe People's part in North Carolina, McKinley would have receiyed the electoral vote of tbis State. The gold Democrats and tbe railroad Democrats are responsible for ever negro postmaster now being appoint ed. These are facts. Thi ia. hi.nrv - W WVI J Sarsaparilla I Uie let In latt tV Hood's Pills,' ,7-J FO) LOW Rates W TKXAS. MFAnx IFORNI., A1.-K t . any other iimnt. witti FRKF. MATS. nte u FRED. D. BUSH1 District Vah-t .tjtt, LOUISVILLE & NftSHVlUEiLl 36 Wal 1 .t., A 1 1 X 1. f Doubling Your Property. The promotion .i r;r'naii handling t.f ilijr vl s bonds a fp-ri'T. We will organize 3 .u a cc;ir help you sell ftfKk,uif! baps make -t f.rtuo'. The American rubi.-Lr iff) Audit and Invetjn-U AA ruiui w. a nun. Special Southern Ijreec-" Citizens Nat l i:ak BuM" Ralkk.m. .C Do You Want gmmmmmmmmg -rlA PI A NO 1 A CASE IX POINT NEAKEK HOME. The Charlotte Observer finds fault with Associate Justice Field because be did not retire before Cleveland's term as President expired, so that Cleveland could have appointed his successor. We believe that loyal Dem ocrats are pleased to have things as they are. it ad tbe power been placed in Cleveland's hands, he would doubt less have appointed one of those fel lows who proved traitors to th nurtv last year and voted for McKinley or Palmer. Give us an open and known Republican like Attorney General Mo- n-euna ramer man tne so called Dem crat who believes in Republican prin cipies ana is not bonest enough to upemj join mas party. statesviUe Mascot. mi . ' . .mere is b case-in point nearer home. When tbe late Judge Seymonr died, President Cleveland first an nounced that he would not make an appointment for Judge of tbe Eastern District of North Carolina, but would leave tbe place open for McKinley to fill. Later it was announced that he might make an appointment. The friends of Walter E. Faison, late soli citor of the State Department, pressed nis claims. Tbe President hesitated saying he did not want to appoint any. one wno could not be confirmed. A poll was made of tbe Senate and the Presi dent assured that Mr. Faison conld be confirmed. The next day the Presi dent nominated Mr. W. W. Clark, of ewDerne, wno bolted Bryan and who Wa ... was a r-aimer elector rri hn ti,-. President 'knew could not possibly be A m conormea. Ife is for such rainiliint- that thA fw fruc VjUBr. 1 -BSafeataW , a BJaBftk lotte Observer loves it President. I JWinUI. DGBcoBtK-8DTCiaioxioB3ro. Hasarenutationsennnii tn mss .i.:i- erp The SUtesville landmark, comment- ' tw. MB MC II I ingon Judge Coble's decision in the the dealer tft rhfroc r. . ' ...j rll railway commission case of Caldwell ""wje mub 114 II Hjafl YOU fllE dbKCil WPI vs. wnson, says: - .. . " ' U alma a I IllflW BT T fflflP BMSibAA .a tbeVpatne iou i3StTonent the extra who were not engaged in the case, and is cheerfully acquiesced in by almost ail That Will Please of our people, who recognixe In him an ffi?JSr,r na J" nd impartial Ron is the tbe to scbscrifa: for The teacasian. 0:3 D:I- ia aycx which felly justif es the aonite, .wti- If not for sale b l:cl dcrs, sJircss, THE, JOHN CUM CO., I A CI NN ATI V . - WA , V- ... '