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The Caucasian ASTD lift LEIGH V CAUCASIAH PDBUSHIKG COUPAIIT 8UBSCBIPTI05 BATH t On Ymam. Bat Wo TIM. to THE DEMOCRATIC KIXG STILL ckucifvi.ng loc.il self-gov- EliXME.VT. Tbe Legislature, In Its closing hours, put through two bills which should attract the attention of the people of tbe whole State. One of these bills provided for appointing members of the county boards of ed ucation for all the counties in the State. Tho Republicans protested against this bill and offered amend ments that their counties should be excepted from it, and tbe people be permitted to elect the members of the county boards of education. These amendments were treated with scorn and voted down contemptu ously. Thus the people of each county, who are vitally interested in who are proper officers to handle the school fund and conduct the public school system in their counties, are slapped in the face and are told that a Democratic ring at Raleigh are more competent to pick men of their own choosing, and "who are pets of the machine, to handle , the school fund than are the fathers of the chil dren themselves. Another omnibus bill was rushed thrpugh in the last hours of the Leg islature, appointing eight hundred and fifty magistrates in the various counties in the State. The Demo cratic ring treats with contempt the majority of people in any . county who have the courage and the man hood to vote the Republican ticket, and therefore they attempt to place upon the peopte of Republican coun ties Democratic magistrates, select ed and appointed by the machine, who. could never be elected by the people of their' respective townships, i Surely, the time is not far distant when the fair and honest people of North arolina will rebel against such un-Democratic and despotic methods, which are in keeping with the Czar's methods in Russia, but repulsive to every brave, patriotic American cit izen who believes in the rule of the people. ' - AN INTERESTING AND FAR REACHING SITUATION. k There is now a split among the Democrats in Congress that is each day widening. One faction of the Democratic Congressmen call them selves "progressive," and they refer to the other facton, under the leader ship of Senator Bailey, of Texas, as "Tories." It looks as if there would be a greater cleavage in the ranks of the Democratic party at the coming extra session of Congress than has already appeared in the ranks of the Republican party. As appears from our Washington letter this week, there is already a movement on foot 'among-the progressive Republicans and pro gressive Democrats in the Senate to join hands to try to reorganize that body so as to push through some re form measures on which the progres sive element of the two parties more or less agree. This has developed what promises to be a most Interests ing situation that is liable to produce results of nation-wide importance; indeed, it may lead to a re-alignment of parties, and even if it does not do this in the next campaign, or the near future it is certain to precipitate a lively fight in each of the national conventions for control. ROBESON NEEDS REFORMING. Down in Robeson County the keeper of the convldt force, with the knowledge of the County Commis sioners, took the convicts into his field and had them grub stumps for a Veek until s his field was stumpless and level, and then the short road in front of his house was worked and put in" excellent condition. By this -time there came rumblings from Other farmers who had stumps in their fields, and the keeper then took the convict force back to work on the public roads. . , v This is only another" sample of Democratic "good government" , '; Robeson County is one the Demo crats always depend upon- to save the State. It looks cotr as though Robeson County needs toeing aaved. The News and Observer and other Democratic dailies In the State have cot printed a lice about this recent scandal In iiobesoa County. If Rob eson had been a Republican County they would have published the sews on front page, top of column, seat to pure reading matter. CIIAIK3HX 31ACK USES VP mm THE INTERESTS. Norman E. Mack, Chairman of the National Democratic Eiecutive Com mil tee has come out in favor of Sbee- han for United States Senator from New York. Sbeehan is the Tammany candidate, and Chairman Mack's line-up shows that the Democratic party In the Nation is lined up with Tammany Hall and the Wall Street gamblers. If the public generally has had any confidence in the party before they will lose it now. A SADDENING SPECTACLE. The Raleigh News and Observer severely criticises Senator Bailey of Texas for his action in voting and speaking in favor of keeping Sen ator Lormlmer of Illinois in his seat, in face of the charge of bribery and corruption. That paper, in an edi torial, says: "Not until yesterday had it been supposed possible for the Senate to so disappoint the public confidence in that body as to vote to seat Lorimer. The saddening spectacle is to see a Democrat of Bailey's ability leading the, fight to keep' a man in the-Senate after the corrup tion incident to his election was exposed." The editor of the News and Ob- server has another editorial patting Senator Overman on the back many times for voting against Senator Lorimer. Why is it that the editor of that paper has not usedjthe name of Senator Simmons, along with the name of Senator Bailey, for voting to keep Senator Lorimer in his seat in spite of the charges? If Bailey is guilty of improper action, Simmons is equally guilty. If the voting by Mr. Bailey in favor of Senator Lorimer is made such a "saddening spectacle" on ac count of bis standing and ability and influence, then is the voting by Mr. Simmons less a "saddening specta cle" because he is a man with less standing, ability and influence than Mr. Bailey? , SEXATOR OVERMAN AND SEV.i ATOR SIMMONS IN THE LORI MER CASE. The Raleigh News and Observer have been charging that the Presi dent of the United States Senate re fused to appoint Senator Overman as a member of the Appalachian Forest Commission because Senator Over man voted against seating Senator Lorimer; and then the Raleigh News and Observer proceeds to pat Senator Overman on the back for his man hood and courage in voting against seating Senator Lorimer, even though he is punished for doing so. We clip the following from an edi torial in that paper: "Whatever Senator Overman lost in the matter of not secur ing an appointment ori the Ap palachian Commission by reas on of voting against Lorimer he more than made up in-the : commendation of the people of North Carolina and in the ap-- proval of his, own conscience." If the President of the Senate wanted to punish Senator Overman for voting against seating Senator nonmer ana to emphasize the fact that he was punishing him for his righteousness in so doing, why did not the President of the Senate then appoint Senator Simmons in . the place of Senator Overman, ' because Senator Simmons voted to seat Sen ator Lorimer? In this connection it seems perti nent to ask the question as to wheth er or not Senator Overman, in vot ing against seating Senator Lorimer, may not have in some way been in fluenced .by the. suggestion' that, hfs own election , to' the . Senate needed investigation? - " r .-V uemocratic "good government" in North Carolina as now administered, has become as offensive . to free thinking people, ' as was the carpet bag rule when it was being admin istered in the interest of Democratic politicians in this State. This Legist lature only a few. days ago voted a lot of magistrates in office, some of whom could not be elected dog-catcher, in their township. But this is only one of the shortcomings of the 1911 Legislature. POfOCSttTtO FILfBOSTOI mUMl I "TARIFF CTOOIISSION. The Charlotte Observer, In & lead- In? editorial, caUa attention to the Ibusser by leadias;'lesocTvU:.lava as the conservative or "Tory Demo era la. against the establishment of a permanent tariff board or tartar com mission. It expresses regret that such filibustering: in the closing days of the session defeated the proposi tion. The Charlotte Observer closes its editorial aa follows: "It does the progressive Re publicans great credit that they favor tho tariff-commission Idea to a man. The present filibuster. In so far aa antagonism toward this idea furnishes the motive. can co tne Democratic party nothing but haroV The Observer realizes that in this fight the progressive Republicans, as sisted by a few progressive Demo crats, have stood for what is right, and that the action of those Demo crats who filibustered to defeat the project have not only done what Is wrong, but have done something that will bring "nothing but harm" to the party, and the Observer might have added, nothing but harm to the coun try. MORE DI3IOORATIO INSINCERITY The House Committee reported unfavorably the bill introduced some days ago by ReDresentative Kennedy, of . Sampson, providing for the election of the County Super intendent and the Board of .Educa tion by the voters of the county. and to allow the county to furnish free text-books in the common schools of Sampson County. The Legislature claimed the State 'did not have the money to furnish free text-books to the children of the State or to any county, but in this case the State was not asked to furnish the books, but the county of Sampson was to furnish the books. By turning down this bill the Legis lature showed its insincerity in the position it had taken on Marshall's bill. It showed that they were not even willing for a Republican Coun ty to aid education in their county. The only excuse that can be given for their action is the fact that the more the people of the State are edu cated and the mqre enlightened they become, just in that proportion the Republican party grows .and the Democratic party diminishes. , And still we have no effective anti- trust law: After the Legislature had increased so many salaries and created new of fices, they didn't have the heart to reduce the number of oil inspectors, notwithstanding there is no use for the present number. We have now a hundred counties in the State, the new county of Hoke being the ninety-ninth county and the new county of Avery the one hun dredth county. In passing it might also be observed that we have by such action two more "so-called" pauper counties. "The gentlemen from Wake voted for a primary law for the State. Do they believe in primaries or not?" Raleigh Evening Times. We don't know for a fact, but it is possible a little trading was done. Some of those opposed the State pri mary, law may have promised the Wake delegation to vote for their measure if the ' Wake delegation in turn would vote against the State wide primary law. The McPhaul bill to nrohihit th manufacture and sale of cigarettes in North Carolina was tabled in the House last Thursday, which meant the death of the bill. ; When the bill was first introduced it caught the attention of our para graph editor who then made the prophesy in this paper that the hill would never be enacted into law. The bill was not enacted into law and neither was the Baggett anti-trust um enactea into law. Both killed for some reason. were , Senator Taliaferro of Florida, whose term, of office, expired March 4th, said that' his defeat in the recent primary in his Statew as due prin- - . mivi, vuat new. as un- L able to have Florida fruits protected in the tariff, bill and that a brother Democrat from Maryland was re sponsible for it. It is presumed then tht the new Democratic Senator from Florida Js even more of a. pro tectionist than Mr. Taliferro. How do the Democrats expect to agree on a bill for; free trade when even the most Southern States are clamoring for protection? Titn crmi session. I (CcsUssed freta rase I.) - Bailey, l&dedi&ttr. SUaso&s of ! Krtl1 Carotisa. It la cow learned that aa active movement is on foot between what It fcnoaa as . the pngretv ItepahU- rasa and the profreaslv Democrats to form a coalition to control the Senate and put the reactionary or "Tory Democrats and the reaction ary Republicans in the minority. The plan seems to be a break all prece dents on Senate committees ay ignor ing the men who are entitled to cr - tain chairmanships by Ion service on committees and being the rank ing members, and to reorganize them all, putting progressive Republicans and progressive Democrat as chair men and with a majority member ship to each Important committee. It is said that there are at least twenty-six or twenty-seven progres sive Democrats who sro in favor of this proposition, and that there are from twenty to twenty-five progres sive Republicans who have expressed their willingness to enter into such an arrangement If this is true, it will make a majority of the Senate, even. if all vacancies are filled. It Is also said that there will be a slm ilar line-up In the House. 3 lay Mean a Realignment of Parties. If such an alignment is made, the the efTect will be to divide the coun try more on lines between progres sive and reactionary policies than on party lines, and that the effect will be on the next two national conven tions no one can tell, except that it is certain that it would start an acute and a clear-cut fight between the two factions of the two parties for con trol of their next 'national conven tions. Already it is known that the pro- gressive- Democrats are talking vig- orously and openly against Harmon for their nominee, and if the breach continues to widen, it would seem clear that Mr. Homan, even if nomi nated, would stand nohance of elec tion, even if the Republican party should continue to be as much di vided as it is now. Virginia Wins Her Suit Against West Virginia. The Supreme Court of the United States, on yesterday, decided that West Virginia must pay one-third of the public debt owed by Virginia when West Virginia seceded during the Civil War. Virginia has been suing West Virginia for some time, to force her to pay one-third of this debt, which West Virginia has bit terly resisted, claiming that the mon ey was largely used for public im- provements and was expended in the part of Virginia that did not secede i The Supreme Court holds that West Virginia must pay over seven .million dollars of the thirty million dollar debt. xne uoverament ana wortn Carolina btate Bonds. The Treasury of the United States owns forty-eight thousand dollars worth of the honest Ten-Share Second-Mortgage North Carolina bonds, the validity of which was upheld by the Supreme Court of the United States. These are the bonds that the Raleigh News and Observer and a, number of Democratic politicians" tried to tool the people of the State into believing were dishonest carpet bag bonds. Trust Funds Invested .in These Bonds! The way that the Government came to own these-bonds was that' there !s.a Jaw directing the Secretary there is.a law directing the Secretary ! nf iko Tn,,.;. . ,i Tj..l! Of thft TTPftSlirv t lnvaf all Tnlor, w. imw w9as. j iv axa v coir ail luUiaii ' trust funds in good interest-bearing ! owutiucsrauu to yay wie inaians an nually the interest arisine thArefrom. Inasmuch as these North Carolina bonds gilt-edge security, even if the State's credit was not good, the Gov ernment considered . them most de sirable investments for Indian trust funds. The Government bought for- ty-eight thousand dollars worth of i these bonds, and since the State has repudiated them, the Government has had to take money out of the Treas ury of the United States to make good the trust funds of the Indians. Now that the Supreme Court has up held the validity of these bonds, the Secretary of the Treasury has called upon the State, to pay the same. 4 Xo " Compromise on These Honest - Bonds. r ' It is said that Governor Kitchin came here and offered to compromise the matter with the Secretary of the Treasury, but the Secretary refused to compromise the amount, on the ground that the State got a hundred cents on the dollar for these bonds, and that the. Government Invested the money of these Indians jtn these bonds in good faith, as itfhad a right Tf uu r. r Aorcea lo mase it. ucru. u is uxuieraiooa, aowever, that the State is claiming that the United States Government is indebt ed to the State in an amount that 13 equal or greated than the amount of these bonds, and "that therefore the matter may be adjusted by set-offs. The Resignation of Secretary Bal . linger. iiy lasi January secretary of the; Interior BalUnger tendered the Pres- meai jus resjgnauoa as a memoer of! the Cabinet. It'now annears thati the President requested him to re main until after the adjournment of Congress. This evening it . is an- nounced that the President nas ac- cepted Mr. Ballinger's resignation,1 and has, at the sane else. a?toistt2 Mr. Waller U FUher, of CMcaca, Secretary ? tie Interior. Mr. mhtr was in Waahl>oa a few days ao, mppmtizg as attorney tcre the interstate Cosassert Cors salMies fij&ii&r the istra4 rail road rate Mr. Fisher &as- bees prValacaUr - f &eaUe4 wit c movement for conservation of catsral ; resources, and is Itneana.as a frosl meat and active trlta4 of Mr. Pia cfcot. the Chief Forester tinder Presi dent Roosevelt administration who was dismissed by President TafV rTroobte Growing taMrUee C. Soldier Seat. Reports have reached the Presi dent and tU SUU, Doeat tilt the insurgent Ico U growing, and that the general puc sympaujy i w, p5"' tlonisu and against President DiaaJ and that it appears that tne uias cor ernment will be overthrown. - Information has also come that American interests in Mexico are in danger, and that the danger will in crease with this condition. This af ternoon the President ordered six thousand troops rushed to the Mexi can frontier, to stand in readiness to enter Mexico at any time when it was necessary to protect the Interests of American citizens. INnUSIAXlIUSIlAND AND FATHER Left Wife and Starving Children In Depot and Eloped With Another Woman. A special from Spartanburg to yes erday's Charlotte Observer says: "Havine been If ft alone with hr hree children, all penniless and hunj gry and without a single friend in the city. Mrs. Marion Bradley, of Augusta, Ga.. has appealed to the police department for assistance in locating her husband; rho. she al- leges, ran off with another woman. "Arriving in Spartanburg; Bradley left his wife and three small chil dren at the Southern station and went in quest of a suitable boarding house. This was at 5 o'clock in the afternoon. Until dark, the poor wife and her babes waited in vain for the return of her husband and their fath er. The hours of the night wore on and still the husband did not return. Daylight next morning came and without a penny with which to buy breakfast for the children 'and she herself half starved, still had faith In the father of her babies and in a most optimitsic manner assured the policeman at the station that soon he would come back. 5 '"The day wore. on. The suffering of the babies with scarcely enough clothes on eir backs to protect them rrom the March winds and having gone , for one ' entire day without a une 01 iooa was intense. Regardless of her own condition, and thinking only of the suffering of her children, she in a downcast manner annealed to the police department for aid. "Charitable persons quickly made up a purse. A comfortable boarding bouse was provided and the woman, when she had cared for her young children and herself had eaten a hearty meal, told a most pitiable story to a reporter. : She said that she and her hus- band had been living in Anderson for some time and that she had sold everything that they possessed with a view of getting saome ready cash to move to Spartanburg where he in tended to work. He had all of the money, and since leaving her at the station has not been seen or heard of. "TVi a a1i1m. V . . . vureu em- S L!. m'? ?I e" ' 0 01 the city and his w "1S wages Will 1 , - . J"EPOrt,nS family U nss of the American Tobacco Company. New York, March 8. The Ameri can Tobacco Company, known as the "tobacco trust," in its annual report made public to-day, announced that its net earnings for the year endin LecemDer 31st, last, were $35,045, 352, an increase of $4,596,968 over the previous year. After making various deductions for dividends, etc., a balance is left of $25,035,311, being an increase of $4,708,016 on the balance of the pre? vious year. This Increase Is equal to 62.2 per cent earned on common stock against 50.5 per cent the previous year. Greene andt.Gaynor Denied the Privi lege of Taking the Pauper's Oath. Atlanta, Ga., March 7. -Denied the privilege of taking the pauper's oath and swearincr nff tho $575,000 Imposed by the Government in connection with prison sentences Benj. Greene and John F Gavno vuw aaaai7 Jk to-day Vere sent back to the Federal prison to await further action in their cases. ,A11 the Legislature Has Done. -Durham Herald. 1 About all it has done for the State js to make arrangementaTfor ttfn the money and making arrangements! iu spena it. Democratic Officials Will Hear pw. if From n . Durham Herald. If it is truethat the State" official. were lobbying for and against bills before the Is, "T " gentlemen are likely "to hr from It during the next clmpalgl 9 " L juiiL.il Jl G TflOOPS (has Govcmsst T7U 20,000 Troop to Testa. Ftoar ArmotvtX Ooism iuT r - t OnJervxl to Coast ssetil Kays Motrmcftt U fee Work Many Mild Has Washington, D. CX, March : TV, most extensive movement o? Jl mM m Uat ot 4CJ, eomatClJer.iithiff of iKe 'J 41 aavy. the objective iag ib . ' rth at thA xf,n Z,, .!:' end of It. Xintr tfeftftnt ca!,4u. than one-foarta the arm? tf United States of all arms of th vice, are moving toward th border; four armored crutcr tC. prising the fifth division of the M. Santic fleet, have been orders u "-a Northern waters to the naval . at Guantaaamo, Cuba, and Kcti t the Pacific fleet is, or shortly will's, on its way to assemble at i.vn ivir and San Diego, California, an4 thousand marines are prepantj: tr make tho Guantanamo station ii?tT headqarters. It was ofidalty announce t tb White House and at the War 4uj Navy Departments to-day that it unprecedented save in war time, m M.w wotutuft viuwi AUU III r II to , der service conditions and practice co-operation between the land aid naval force. Unusual pains er taken by all ofScially concerned la the matter to develop this color to tt sudden activities; but Jhese state ments were accepted withjnerea! have been Important joint maneuvers during the last few jtxrt. but they have need planned far is advance and carried out without a ripple of excitement or even of ri dence of Interest at the White Hon. To-day the cxccutlvo offices ert steeped with mystery; the entirt morning was given over to confer ences with officers of the War sad Navy Departments. This thick at mosphere of mystery and the zealou efforts to minimise the importance of the business, leni a curious signifi cance to the fact that General Leon ard Wood, chief of etaff of the army. in an effort to elude interviews, step ped out of one of the rear windows of the President's office and beat a masterly retreat through the secluded portions of the White House grounds to a rear entrance of the War De partment. The real significance of these ac tivities, which have been confined ap parently tohe last forty-eight hours or less. Is thought to relate very di rectly to the conditions In Mexico, and to the growing belief that the situation there Is by no means so sat isfactory as the Mexlcon Government would have it believed to be. There are persistent reports that the phy sical condition of President Dia2 has l.tvi 1 t . . . . adherents and that momentous de velopments are to be prepared for One report which was current her to-day was that the Pearson syndi cate, heavily Interested in enterprise in Northern Mexico, had appealed to the British Government for adequate protection of themselves and other foreign , Interests in preparation fork the chaotic condition which would al most certainly follow any serious loss of prestige, to say nothing of the col lapse , of the Diaz government It was said that the British ambassa dor has taken up the question with the State Department here with a suggestion that unless the United States took immediate steps to exhib it its disposition and ability to pre fect foreign Interesta In Mexco, th European governments, - more par ticular Great Britain and Germany. would ,be compelled to do so. i Of course no direct confirmation of this report was obtainable, but the sudden burst of natural activity gate it color. : - WITH THE EDITORS. Deacon Hemphill exclaims la the Richmond . paper that "Tammany is all right at times!" Mention tte times.- Baltimore Sun. ' ' , . Now that the Democrats will be ia control, wonder what excuse they will- have for voting against tie things the party platform declares for? Durham Herald.- If all those elected to Congress as Democrats believed In theprinci ples of Democracy, the party would stand a much better chance of beisg able to carry out Its policies. Dur nam Herald. ,.'Lack of Appreciation. Charlotte : Chronicle. . It" was the American Tobacco trust j that saved, not only tho credit of tne state, but an extra session 01 u Legislature. Yet the present Legis lature is going 'to adjourn - without having voted a resolution of thanks to the trust ( 4 A'glory gilds the sacred page. Majestic like the sun, It gives a light to every age. It gives, but borrows none. - ' Cowper.