Newspaper Page Text
n5ffiar. December 7. 1911.1
Till: C.UCASUJf. the HEED OF A CONSTRUCTIVE EOUCA TIONAL POLICY FOR tlOHTH CARQUIIA r. ow. I- Coo y We Ifeive Patched-Up School Sytew for North Carolina and One Tfiat Ioc Not Trut Urn rem! Oooa. If I wards of Kducation IUponible Only to Machine irTff'rltnir The Tctlbook Commission a Had 3UsailoUUdaBa Interrupt the Speaker. -- n annual address of President there U placed upon the county as. L. Coon, of the North Carolina boarda aa to their choice of county Tubers ABsembly. was delivered be- superintendents doe not apply to fcre a large audlence.in the Audlto- the town boardi. These board are n Kalelgh Thursday night patches on the educational garment, prof. coon 1 superintendent of the of a hue and a color air their own. rade1 schools in Wilson, and wa They are usually Independent of any eesnected with Superintendent Joy- restraint. And these boards, both ttr-i office in Raleigh a few years county and town, may select super- previous. Mr. Coon stated some facta intendent who bave had ome train- ja bis Raleigh speech which did not Ing for their responsible duties or please some of the politicians in the not, jUat as they choose. AVhat would tack of the hall, and they howled you say to electing an editor. lawyer, tin down before he had quite fln- preacher or teach superintendent of uved his address. health to minister to the physical His address follows: wants of convicts, Jail-birds and the No individual deserves to live at-, lnmates of the county homes? Or lr he loses the power of self-critl-' what oM be thought of selecting a cum, If e teachers cannot endure teaCQer to act as judge of the Supe- boiie't criticism, both from within rIor Court or superintendent of one and without our profession, then we;of our cotton factories? need to be born again and that speed ily. "I am to talk on 'The Need of a A Social Tragedy. 'It Is a social tragedy that we of- Con-tructlve Educational Policy for ten prm,t he ectlon of men to North Carolina.' and. with due apol- BUPr?e the work of teaching who .1 . An and Geore Ad. I riU cannot Possibly do the teaching they rect your attention to my subject and RPervise. poor as that teaching .o ,: , t o frtiia. often is. They cannot even lead their untrained teachers, however good "Once upon a time, before the day8 theIr intentions mar tm. Thu r.ni. of the ready-made clothing stores tIon reminda me of the Northampton and their cheap wares, there was a county applicant for a teacher's cer North Carolina schoolmaster who tlficate who made a glorious failure found himself In dire need of a new ln 8pei1Ing. But notning daunted by pair oi irousers. iu.8 muigeni peu- tne failure tne wouId-be pedagogue agogue. thinking himself too poor to EaId to the superintendent who was secure me cioin ana 10 nave ine nec- conducting the examination: 'My eHsary trousers made by a tailor, ac- dear sir( you must remember that the cepted a small patch of cloth which chIiaren win not know whether I can a kind friend proffered him in his spell or not because, you see, I am poverty, as a nucleus for the begin- going t0 hold tne bookt not the cM1 ning of the much-needed garment. , dren!' By and by. other friends moved by, .And we have 2od different tan philanthropic feelings, began to con-dards for entranCe upon teaching tribute pieces of cloth of different dl- 100 C0Unty and 100 town superin mensions and various colors. Soon tendents license teachers. But every enough Cloth was in hand to make one of these men has different stan the trousers, and they were pieced dards and deais which guide him in together. But when the teacher wore the licensing of teachers. Thi3 is his new trousers of many colors to simpiy another way of saying that we school tne next day tne cnuaren really have no mental or profession could not restrain their merriment. After several days of fruitless effort to control his little school, the teach er was compelled to throw away the trousers, which had been so gener ously provided, and to restore to his former threadbare garment. And now the poor schoolmaster had to begin all over again to obtain the much-needed new pair of trousers! Sclvool System a Patchwork. "Here is the interpretation of this fable. The schoolmaster represents our well-meaning pedagogues and educational leaders. The friends who contributed the cloth for the trou sers represent the Legislature and our school officials. And the patch-ed-up trousers stand for the present school system, which the teachers and the Legislature hae devised, with all its diverse and discordant ele ments. The school children stand taxes are tSow to arnv. Yk J age salary of the Kona Carotlaa! teacner tea yean ao wa worth as muca a the avers uhrv f The public ha bea levying fc!$hr taxe these tm in . . teachers wto actually tact with the childrta are tili o- nemlc. political aad professional d- penceat, with small Individuality and lets independeace. and who taa work under condlUoas which eaaaot inspire them or theme they teach, ls ttead of dealing with these oueatieaa la a statesmanlike way the General Assembly of 1911 actually raised the maximum salary of seeoad-grade teacher to a higher figure thaa the average salary ef all teacher la 1910. Aad thea we are told about our great educational progrcta when we complain of low salaries for good first-grade teachers "Who does not know that such condition are a constant invitation to the best teachers to leave oar ranks? And when they do leave we express a few regrets and gently fold our hands and again go to sleep in Zion, until the next professional lum inary leaves the ranks, or the Attor ney General announces that no wom an under our laws can be a superin tendent of schools, vote in a school election even, or bold a school offlce f asy fc!a4,'er &t aay mn la't&t seleruoa ef mhml book. T& p3 tit la ' peffmly. wfttlag' Ut tusti ttachtm to aucs$t t traia ttt fa tare citixraa, oaly ihem aa trca t.r taast aet exerd the citlc dst they are ajp4 to Satfl ta ottra It doe asa to at w ttnU ra Ttace the pmbtte of th fact that otr school are aot ssa4e la the sb lic Interest a leag a aay sorry saaa Uacatr, for lattaace caa rve as couaty or city sapertateadtst, while the beat woaiaa teacher la the State !a latUglble! But ao matter how perfect might be oar csachlatry for llceas lag teathtr aad for the tCdeat ad talaUtratloa of thtir work, we tasst have some coasisteat, haraoaion plaa for tralalag teachtra. litre agala the SUt ha accepted torn patches which wmaalag friends have proposed. The Normal College ha contributed its patch, so ha th University and the other State schools. And some of the deaoataa tioaal colleges are generously offer ing their patches. But all the patch es are of different colors. la the confusion Asheville and other towns are proposing to add still more patches. Without in the least dis counting the great work all these schools are doing, possibly you will freest se Ut !t& nu o mrfS ty arv Is &m tgf t It, that tt i fvCst tm I 4ra4 t -islti-fr, aa-l ttit ms&m ef Ufce c&U&re- be r are a Ut mm a&i w case nif thaa the etere ar it?riy bct atag to Un at tk tmr tn gated rmmf aa be sasau r dew the rm4 t the tcae (To be cala4 a,xt cnl) Tht pxpr I lheroitly saU4 with the trteat State Eej?aUkaa gaaUatl?a. lhaak ya Uarla Ttst. x nmuDfTL trorxo from a kalfe. gaa Ua eaa, ratty a!!, fire era. rr of aay other aatsr de mands prompt treatetsi with Hack lea Arnica Salve to preveat V.ol polfoa or gaagrtae. It the akk t, sarrt healer for all saeh epvadt sa also for Dsras, noils. Sore. Skia ErupUoaa, Ecaeaa, Chapped !lasds Cora or Pile. SSc at all druggist. F. EUGENE HESTEri ea rS $vm$Mmt ti-srt. rMtr4 Ft Imj wiwaal tl & tar lga trmm IVJITRAGIN fSsvcs'S' eccdssiiK' 9tse i t Jcajs mm rrnmmm are L 1 CzzjCz al standards for entrance upon teach ing, which can be stated in plain terms which all may understand. We know that if one superintendent will not license me I can easily find one who will. At best, I am only a teacher ln spots. I may be a teach er saint in Murphy today, but ac cursed in Manteo tomorrow. I may be thought worthy of a monument in' Durham, but' in Asheville I may not be fit to teach at ail. If I am so bereft of knowledge and pedagogy that no superintendent will license me, then I can teach a private school. And there is no one to hinder or make me afraid. Stop a moment and think. Teaching children may be a private business in this State, under no legal restrictions. But doctoring pigs and cows and horses is not! "I am not intending to say that definite and uniform standards for for the people of the State. And ctran upon teach ing will solve all ww,JLJlrf our educational Ills; but everybody . - . . ... t- knows that our utter lack of any tan piecemeal trousers is what the peo- ... . m . li , Kible standards for entrance upon pie will finally make happen to our f " , ' , , . ' , . , . V; ., I teaching results in filling up our pro- ichool system, which has been patch- ... . , m..K a xw ' :-i J1-ak ; fesslon with untrained teachers, wltn- ed together with so much expend!- c . . A1 . o . out skill, who come Into competition ture of time, money and energy. Per- Uv ,". ?lt . .... , x x i-v v.A with those who are skilled, with the mit me now to finish the picture v v .... . . .. . . .. . . , result that the skilled must teach for with some detailed local coloring wag8 Qf unskllled majorIty. "TWs is a time when the people ! M wages advisedly, be- must be trusted and given large re-jaus? UoTC&TVZ?n A . . A of them are simply hired persons sponsibllties. It is time when the . . . j o . oov , , . . . . ., . who do not even have a word to say people's representatives are held to "w " ' D.o11 Q. v . . . fnr- about what their salaries shall be, stricter account than ever beiore for A 7 . vn - nut this having been conveniently attend- tneir conduct of public affairs. But . . . . . we have here in North Carolina ; Jo by the nn loards of edu-patched-up a system of school ad'. j cation and other school officials, ministration which does not trust the "And then we frequently .require People and which the people cannot ; impossible tasks of the teachers we hold responsible for efficiency. Our do license. Only the other day the county boards of education are Ve- daily papers carried the news item sponsible primarily to the party ma- that three teachers in one of our chlnery which happens to be in pow-j leading cities had more than 250 er and not primarily responsible to ' Children to teach. It is well known all the people these board are sup-j that we have a: ruling of the State posed to serve. Generally they are Department of .Education that there elected by the Legislature on 'thej"nlnt be an enrollment of 65 chil recommendation of the county Dem-; dren before two teachers can be em ocratic executive committee or the! ployed, if Stete aid is given for a countv rwTnrtnrt!f nartv renresenta-. lour montns scnooi. too it nappens - m w mm w m tives in the law-making body; some times (only in Democratic counties) they are elected by the people after nomination in a party convention. These boards so selected appoint all the local school officials, except in the independent towns and districts, a vast army for numbers in each county Everybody knows that it Is simply impossible for the work of these numerous officials to be har monious and efficient or that any one can be held responsible for the fail ures of their administration. Yet that in more than half the counties of this State bne teacher must at tempt to teach as many as 65 chil dren in seven grades, if it is demand ed of her. And everybody who cares to know will find many teachers everywhere who have seven grades to teach,; and who must, in addition, of ten try to teach some high school subjects, imposed ) on them by the local school officials. '"' "And now again let me emphasize the 1 fact that we have :no efficient method of making new teachers in every few years since the Civil War j this good State and that those we we have seen futile attempts made do make are often surrounded by to organize these school officers in ' conditions which render real teach the hope that the evils of this 'mul-;lng a sheer impossibility. Under no titude of counsellors' may be miti- j circumstances ought any teacher be gated at least. Of course we must I required to teach more than 35 chil all admire the sublime optimism of dren In three or four children in those who are now engaged in this dren in three or four different task, even if at the same time we grades. To require more work of must smile at their simplicity and one human being is little less than tyranny on the one hand and a crime against childhood on the other. We lack of judgment. Political Game Played. "The county boards have the pow er to select almost any one to the office of county superintendent, and there is no help. . We have, as a re sult, preacher, lawyer, doctor, editor and various other kinds of school su perintendents. What little restraint can no longer plead poverty to - ex cuse such conditions. And shall there forever be no help for teachers and for children, no way out of the wilderness? "Some of us are put to sleep by the siren song of higher school taxes 'as the only remedy. But the higher vvH'i ZlitT&- The question of the most profitable fertilizer for potatoes has been the subject of very extended Investigations. . -t 1 AAA 11 C' l nc conclusion is mai iuuu ids per acre oi ammonia, 8e phosphoric acid and 10a POTA for early potatoes and 800 lbs. of 3-S-S for the bite crop are the most profitable under average conditions. The Potah should be in the form of Sulfate. Many growers use double these amounts. - Such brands can be had if you insist upon them. Do not accept so-called potato fertilizers of low grade. Write us for Potash prices and for Free books with formulas and directions. GERMAN KALI WORKS, Inc. Continental Bldg., Baltimore Monadnock Blcck. QtiufO Whitney Central Back Building. New Orleans 3B 1 1 Most people are better able to buy pianos than they imagine The ten dollars a month, which soon pays for a good piano will soon go for things which afford only temporary pleasure if a piano contract is not signed We could better afford to give you a piano than to sell you a poor one. We have some good SECOND-HAND PIANOS of standard makes at very low prices. We keep regularly in stock all kinds of musical in struments. Come in and see us; you are welcome at any time. DMMUL &xnOfflAS MUSIC MOUSE RaWg North Carolina, mi IB H TT H O M A Good Timlin o Fix your mind on some big purpose. Then go after it. The first essentials are looking well and feeling good. DOONIS D2 LUXE CLOTHES do fust this for your appearance and feelings. HAVE YOU LOOKED THEM OVER? Let us have the pleasure of showing you our full line of everything for men and boys. EVERYTHING NEW. mm Deluxe acthlcr. 226 Fay etlcfffle Street Kext b ICc Stere: KING ? 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IlaUlgh, N. a The Caucasian and the Ladies' Uorlti BOTH OWE YEAR FOR ONLY $1.25. ?bc Cuct also bts been enlarged to elfct and is the best weekly paper la the State. The Lediea World I a excellent Udie is'gazlae, It ba a bardacme cover ptge each month, sad U beautifully Ulcetraied. It ceaUin ezceUest abort stories, at tide on cocking, crtsxAkiag--esd ta fact, on all subject that sr cf ixtrrct to the ladle. It coctaic several page each tnoat2 showing the fables, and bow eke simple dres may be made at a reasonable cost. Is fact, the Ladles World reck ' mo?g the bet of the magazine. If yea ot la ccc cf ttb crrccrl cfTcr to fcrt scd ta jxer oiztti gzx REMEMBER, you can get your mosey back If you are cot ratUlad. THE CAUCASIATJ, nglcigh ,r::rtli Caen MM& Shipments made to any part of tbo State at samo pneo aa at shop. M0MJM T 1 j I Era COOPER BROS.. Proprs KALgZaU. H. C OCND WOm OATALOOUC. When wrUtos to Advtisr meeUoa ta C&elaa.3 To Write LIFE INSURANCE fcr tbt PEOPLE'S MUTUAL PEnEVOLEflT A'SSflGlilte ' o? noam cacolci a. . ' ' BIG MONEY TO A HUSI UN&213 AN. More than 850,000 Paid to Homi People Last Year. '-.tit t : i X. All Money Kept at Hcne and Paid Only to Hcrss Pccpls. VoUt cabrltd ofEcexa to snppcrt.