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VOL. XXX. RALEIGH, N. C. THURSDAY, FEDIXUAtlY 0, 1912. No. 3 f t i EDITORIAL BRIEFS It appears that Governor Wilson has decided to wear the cap handed im hv Colonel Watterson. C "H V. .A vou like to have & jpresldeRl- ha red a nenrousj How would -- iaxH further iscrtaaed for the bu j,rt of the News and Observer? At this distance it looks as though I uithdrlne his name from the Prea t.atrhet and then failed to tell his j j(jentai rare. father about. " Colon:! Watteruon has dropped out i ,,t the limelight for the present but j .,- will doubtless be heard from j .t-ain when Governor K-'iiiih his speech. Wilson re- The inirlington Dispatch thinks If Mr. Ryan's money had been offered to Wooilrow Wilson in the form of a pension that he might have accepted ii ; 1th thanks. The Democratic politicians should call another meeting of the Ananias Club frr the purpose of admitting new members and electing new of ficers for the present year. Col. Uryan tears the investigation of the money trust by the Democratic ,-omr:tiitt e will prove a farce, and here are many others who think the Co'oim 1's fears in this instance are well founded. Cu'.or.el WaCerson thinks Wilson's nomination would be a disaster and his e'.ectinn a calamity. The "dis aster' may come but there is no danger of the "calamity." Candidate Wood row Wilson has been termed an ingrate and his eracify has been severly questioned, .-til! some of the Democratic papers say that is why he should be nomi nated. Senator Tillman intimates that Col. Henry Watterson is little other than a scoundrel and Colonel Watterson intimates that somebody has lied, and the Wilson-Harvey-Watter-Till-man controversy has only started. Citizens of Raleigh will organize ! , , , j a Law and Order League to-night for- I the purpose of having the laws of tha i city enforced, notwithstanding tnat , Raleigh is already under the protec- tion of Democratic good government, j . j Col. Henry Watterson says that money and not patriotism counts in a Presidential campaign, and evi dently that is the way the trusts look at it. too, for they usually send the Democratic committee their check in stead of their patriotism. Some of the Democratic Congress men are strenuously opposed to in vestigating the money trust. Pos sibly they are afraid that such an investigation might show some fresh tracks of another one of their Dem ocratic candidates for President. Some of Governor Wilson's friends i claim thr.t Governor Harmon's cam- 1 i paign for the presidential nomina- j tion is costing ten times as much j as Wilson's. If that is true some of i the Democrats must close touch with the be in very 'money trust." Ex-Governor Glenn is quoted as saying in a speech in Chicago a few nights ago that the man who stays away from his family at night is earth's most contemptible creature and right then Governor Glenn war, more than a thousand miles home. from ,ft T . .1 After a Democratic Congress has , i passed a Federal pension bill that! will take about all the money in thepIckardf Wes; Durham; William S. united States Treasury, now Con-1 gress says it is going to economize. But how could it do otherwise when there will be no more money in the treasury? Speaker Champ Clark announces that he is in the race for the Demo cratic nomination for President, and that he is not leaning on anybody. He may not be leaning on anybody, hut there is a strong suspicion that he is leaning on . that $75,000,000 pension steal. LA FO LLKTTK MAV VrriIIfLW. Suffer a Xenrou Breakdown ami I Ilifi Manasrer Ma Ak Him to Withdraw From Prcldentii I IW t Senator Kobert M. LaFollette. Re- I publican Insurgent candidate forj breakdown and the doctor state he VAt have reet for some time, I ike a sea voyage for several , ... . . . ! vIli managers are aald to . . . . . -i wo,? -. enng tno aavisaointy ox , Will le Tnft or Bmevelt (Union Republican.) Democrats are wrangling over the half dozen candidates for Presiden tial nomination as If either one of the gentlemen mentioned had the ghost of a chance of election. Either President Taft or Es-President Roosevelt will be our next President, as either on can carry a majority of the electoral votes. fEAR AN INVESTIGATION Democratic Leaders Opposing Special Committee Investi gation of Money 1 rust They Do Xot Want to Incur the En mity of Those Who Hold the Purse Strings on Campaign Contribu tions Will Prevent Effective In vestigation. The following special from Wash ington to Saturday's Baltimore Ev ening Sun shows that the Democratic leaders are afraid to investigate the money trust as it may hurt them in securing campaign contributions and that they are now trying to prevent any effective investigation. The spe cial to the Sun says: "Democratic leaders are opposing the special committee investigation of the Money Trust because they do not want to incur the enmity of those who hold the purse strings on campaign contributions, was the in ference made today by Representa tive Lindbergh (Prog., Minn.), who originally introduced the resolution for the probe. "'It is quite apparent declared j Lindbergh, 'that the Democratic leaders are determined to prevent any effective investigation of. the money combination which dominates the ectire financial structure of the country, . The leaders scheme is to scatter th(? investigation among several standinc: committees, which will re- sult in an ineffective, futile, useless Probc. f lt results in any investiga- tion at all. The various committees will be like a handful of disunited soldiers shooting popguns at a strongly fortified enemy, for the finnnrinl nnwers will nnnnsp thA in-i e&Liauiuii iui an iiieir yuieuL re- .-uuiics. 'Just what the reason for the leaders' opposition to an energetic; aggressive investigation may be. is not quite apparent, but it is possible that the Money Trust control of the ources from which campaign contri butions have come in the past may ; have something to do with it. With j a presidential campaign in prospect ; they may not be willing to estrange beyond hope of reconciliation the 1 powers who hold m an iron grip the purse strings of the country. "It is certain that their present plan will nullify the attempt to se- cure a fair investigation of the money monopoly. That again proves my contention that caucuses are the ef fective means to defeat the public rights. I can frame a resolution for! the appointment of a special commit-; tee to investigate the matter which - if brought before the House so as to place every member on record, would be overwhelmingly carried. But the caucus furnishes the dodge." Postoffice Appointments. The following nominations for postmasters in North Carolina were;t (sent to the Senate Tuesday by Presi - ,ipnt Tift- Tnhn V? TnveA RotrfovitlA- aent 1 art- Jonn K. Joyce, Keiasvnie, Ftflln famprnn Rnrk!n?htm' Hen- Lsteja Rockingham, Hen rv .TO Whit T? nvhnrn TinniA F! Saunders, Roanoke Rapids. t Preacher Accidentally Shoots Son. A special from Spencer to Tues day's News and Observer says: "With, a pistol bullet lodged in his bowels, an eleven-year-old son of Rev. A. T. Home was brought to a Salisbury hospital to-day for treat ment. The pistol was accidentally discharged by his father to-day .while attempting to shoot a hog, when the weapon failed to fire and tho dis charge followed. The condition of the lad is serious. r.KIHh Mfltf 1 Y llllf 1 Klflfl j""- nfnArMt; 1 1 T 1 a - m M H A m. K jK U M K. BA M. wood and Speaker Clark Against Fropostion ti In vestigate Wall Street ivi 4iviiiivi rauu I I i lutra(l of Oumiderins Fart Ciath-f rl br the Tariff Board Tliey A Frepariiuj Schedule,! cm Article About Wliicli They Have no Pefl - . . . iilte Inrormatloti The IJenuKTaUC! , Found no ('rtKjkeiliit. But on the Other Hand, Have Found That the tJovernnient is Bun Better Thau Kver Before In Its History The Presidential Situation Sew Mexl can Bevolution A Itepubltc for China. (Special to The Caucasian.) Washington, D. C, Feb. C. 1912. j Every day since tho Deri; ratic j House first assembled then? have i been more or less signs, constantly ! increasing in number, of serious dif- ferences of opinion among the Demd ;cratic leaders of the House. These ! divisions have constantly served to j call afresh to the minds of the peo j pie the fact that the Democratic par I ty when in power is never able to ! stand together for any constructive policy or program of legislation. This is because the Democratic party, is not a party of unity, of convictions on any great subject, but is a party made up of heterogeneous masses of people, none of whom agree, but who are held together simply as a party of opposition. The Money Trust. The most serious division that has occurred in the Democratic House has just developed over the proposi tion to .investigate Wall Street and the monytjustwhichas every oiv knows, is the greatest and most dan gerous trust in the country. Leader Underwood and Speaker Clark have both come out squarely against the nmrynsitinn nf invAfitintinp" h mnn t t and ,t j k ,f tne resolution will be stifled in a Demo cratic House, representing a party which has claimed to be horrified more about the danger of the money trust than by any other menace to our institutions. The Democratic Investigating Com- mittees. The large number of investigating committees appointed by the Demo mrt k e v, i j i , iiiuur.i , u n cu iai iuc uave uevciup- ed nothing except to show that the ! ,nvprnmpnt is rnn hot tor don ovpr ; before in the history of the country. . " . One of these committees investi-i ated the Agricultural Department iind attempted to find something crooked, especially in the pure food department, presided over by Dr. Wiley. They utterly failed and were forced to give Dr. Wiley and the Ag ricultural Department a clean bill of health. " The investigation showed ; that Dr. Wiley has been performing a wonderful service to the people of tnis country in aetecting ana sup- pressing impure medicines. foods and impure The Patent Medicine Fraud. Dr. Wiley now comes back at the Democratic House and asks them to ?iv him further authority, and that ve will complete the great work that he has begun under the pure food law. He points out that there are fnt.cov nc,nf, Aitr-- ent patent medicines on the market, ; most of which are either dangerous j or of no value, and tlfet it is irnpos- sible to suppress them because they j are only required by the present law i to State on the label the different I drugs and the quantity of each con- ln"ed tberein. . He ys that raany ; , Qf tQese patent medicines make false' about what tbir medicines . . ' . . . . : w jxi do. and that the public is fooled . , ... . .! not Know tne lecnnicai names oi uie medicines mentioned or of their ef- feet. He says that if Congress will j give him such an amendment to the; . ;fe k law that he will suppress every impure or dangerous drug on the market. The House Ignoring the Facts. It is noticeable ,that so far the Democratic House haTe persisted in shutting their eyes to the facts gath ered by the tariff hoard authorized by law to gather "the facts as to. the difference in the cost of production here and abroad. , Instead of taking up the wool cratic House to try to find something , ,?u ,,w" r'" "Z at Anlera an- thev wer. rnmnel..d! quartered was next Inventlrated. crooked in the Government and dig Xn to depart hastllly.' leavln' aw, the! They were under an old gin house. ;up material for the. next campaign ; Jrnds are more encoded aboiU & prlme and appeared to be In a very danger ; are continuing to meet and spend nis reEomuidllou iluu lt;"t;,trv-tluu , . . fa4ale. bot which lh fcoard gave Coecrtti complete 4 detailed feU. 1 they hat pst tatlr Use la prepar- inr hilla a att.tr icbeial?- al-oal'tut r r..t-J I. I i t wfefrh th.v h.r t iwlt .ri . 5 ficial and accurate infortaatioo. j clear thai tbfy have a eon teas pt tori facta and do not dir to protect! Amr!n thr tn,t eftJ br hr- it.. . y y 7 X I production here and abroad. Oa the- w . . . .. . . other hand, they are alashlnr the du-? tie rtrht nod lfi la a war that will 1 ! cau th? r their law j thould paw, of a large number of ; j American mills and forcing: their la- bor out of employment and forcini; ; iniir nfin! to htiv fnrlen trrxvl . t - The Presidential Situation The Presidential situation In both! partie, continues to be the chief top-! ic of dlwuRMion in Wathineton but yet clarified in the least. On the manr that Wilson is losine srround. , . v ; . ' tween the river imone ana Knjne and the names of a number of proml-1 a),o lelwn tbe MeUM? and th, nent politician., and especially In the , Charles had Acquartalne West, are being given who have drop-1 and RW, (hk terrltorv thr ped the support of Governor Wilson j &Qd and are turning to Speaker Clark oru , some other Democratic candidate. J!fi"b. Some give one reason for this ac - tion. and some another. One will say that he cannot support a man xor President who applied to the Carr gie pension fund for a pension. They say that a man who can take a pen- sion from Carnegie's steel trust money can afford to accept a - contri - bution to his campaign fund from Mr. Ryan or any other magnate or nill - lionaire. Another puts it on the ground of , war, though not so many lives were deserting his friend Harvey when j .sacrificed. The people ov Britany Harvey could no longer be of service j revolted a little later. Charles de - to him. ! feated them. But when the Normans Another Duts his position on the:caused Charles to get busy again ground that Governor Wilson, a few years ago, was lauding Grover Cleve land as the ideal statesman in this country and endorsing everything that he did or stood for. A Ml A. tA. it. . - . Jt the American people went out of his way to sneer at labor and at the far QgJthoun trypan j upheld the position of the monopoly ana capital istic class. They say that if he held those views a few years ago, when he had reached the ripe age of fifty. A. V. . A. l A --mmmA. Vk 1 .-1 4- Vl V- n AH' A Tl Til ot I the present radical views 'which he is Anouier wu. put. il on iut- 8ruuuu stood fllone Cnarleg goon relurnea ! to Investigate conditions at the coun thnf flnvAmor WMlson in hia book on . .. . . . ... uaiuemunuu.u u.Cuur:uulul,jn the defeat ov the flench forces. now uttering are new views which he has taken on since he became a candi date for the Presidency, etc. The one thing that seems to be cer ; tain about recent developments on the Democratic side is that Speaker PlorV Vine cainorl snmp crround- and i this seems to have largely come from , . , the Wilson forces The Republican Situation. i thev were a week or two since. Thev ' - S3-v uie ncsmcuia obsinsnc; ... . . ittv-i.hj tn...v vu.u, ! are bringing to him many men wno ; formerly had held aloof and were non-committal. On the other hand. during the past week, there have ; " """"zL. ,AtZl ' t . i r .i:i:.:. of the country, who have come out iur ine iiuLiiiutiinjii jl ivuuci x i coi- . . r nncax'n t Only this morning the editor of the : lent; in S7 W5,E f,50" Chicago Tribune announces for thejeeded by Charles the Gross. Km u,. i ,reror ov Germany. He dldn t hold . " nf pPflCMan. nnn.OVpit aT,,i : t I I W , LM III - I It I 1112 111 I1II,!IIM:I neals to all o' the progressive R-pub- Kan n ZVlVytT Rne upinhisi tt support. Only yesterday it was an nounced that Governor Bas, of New Hampshire, had declared for Roose velt. Democrats Afraid of Roosevelt. j - ITZ.L ;! . identlil campaign was the action of the Democrats of the House over a resolution offered by Congressman Slavden, of Texas. Mr. Slayden s resolution declared against the nam - ination of any man for President for a third term, declaring that sweh a nomination and election would be dangerous to our institutions and un - merican. : The House showed a d!stK)SltIon to '. ine Mouse s..oea a a.sposniua iu rate the bill Immediatelv Upon ;t3,ruii" iui.r .-auif tritms 1:1 ui t?nou caiure ; p I? e "A caii vav vnw. ...ither anr hn ,m k.. ? lit 11 VUUt, UUU. v. v . v t isuddenlr come a change over the; leaders, and it now i T ... seems that the resolution will never come to a vote. Senator James, of Kentucky, Is re- i Ported to have gone to a group of! Democratic leaders as soon as the resolution was offered and said: "Don't you ail know that if you adopt this resolution it will mean the nomi nation of Roosevelt for President?" One of the Congressmen In the group is reported to have replied: "Nominate nothing. Ar.yhow, sup pose it does, w will beat him out of his boots." t " Senator James is reported to have replied:, "Beat him thunder. WThy, THE ANCIENT HISTOflYlt BS BE 1 X S X m Bl a M BT" I W K B ; ' " " ' -" a Trio of KlOfS 170 HI TBi RS lYEfiE STOIXTI f aWW - - ; Kins ttiarew 114 To tmh Trrrl-1 tory SpolU Were a tMme 3tHlie Ft- War A S4t4e ltrh Wa fliarfe. The Sitnplf W1wt fiteal ins Territory Wa no Crime Tlx lYench King Beftal tt Sergei f;ermany and luljr In a l4ke .' C parity. (Cor of Th CairaUn.rntrUe I f ' h V ! U1IkinTl,,, N c rrb allowed awl or what Ic now Italy. ? . . I itJon prunes and Germany became ; completely separated. The portion Ujlowed Lothaire wui purchased at a j terrible cost in blood and it U ald j !Dat he neVer enjoyed life thereafter, j Ho retreated from the throne to a ! monastery In dividing his coun- ; trv .,m0ng hz heirs. The Normans gave lne j0int rulers much trouble jancj they finally purchased peace at ; a cost probably greater than that ov l rew on me johe ami p.aceu inemseives unaer i.ouis ine iierman. In the absence ov Charles Lou la seized the French throne. Feeling sure that he had things hlz way he i dismissed the German army and and overpowered the weak would-be ruler and regained the throne. Hut j found the convicts eating out of Charles wuz not very strong. The j doors In the rain, and that the food Normana'trQubled . him . on one . sld looked very dirty; -that rollardf and and the ' King of Britany on the j vegetables of all kinds were dumped other. In S60 Charles marched on the ground In a pile partly cor against Britainy and engaged In a j ered with a tent cloth, and that arv- battle which lasted two days, ending Charles managed to purchase the help ov one ov hlz strong opponents, however, and this kept him from losin' out entirely at the time. Bv the death ov the Kinc of Lo - rain Charles got some additional ter - l ritnrv Tin lortrnr tnrritnwv nn 1 DUr - and j ( V a den in those days. France j Britainy finally joined forces to put down the Normans and succeeded. 'tho pollytishuns hev learneI a shorter an' more pleasant road to rna Ktniia rnnmur in niirnnv f " iving nanes uiea aner ruiin I France for 38 years, a much longer i than kins Rurally lasted In those da5. Hit hez been claimed i that hlz doctor poisoned him. Hlz son Louis succeeded him. Louis ....... j tr V. ....u.n.t.. j j ....... ... . .f 1 uuku li if icuu iii-iuij n. Bl- 1 4 long, txin kicked out, and Kude. Coant of parb wuz rhoFen King by nobility to hold till Charle. af- terward named "Charles the - Sim - pie.' reached blr. majority. He went to war with the Normans, de- fe2ted them, then tried to repress the nobility ov France, but fal'ed. This brought on a factional fi?ht. Charle, the heir to the throne, wuz with hfs mother in England. He wiz rent for and Eodes resigned the croa'er part ov the Klncdoni. Kudea died a little later, in S9. Durin' the reign ov Ch?rle "The : Simple." France went backward. The nobles took large slices ov the coun- f try and bein resronzible to nobody : tnev et things swing at an eiy gaft. ;The French people, the common reo - l''e, I'Pcanie lirmauy ssaves so lar ax '. i.. r lr m . r ...... wr-1 . pie, oecarae virtually slaves so far az .... . tha rri n M ni 1 lanAttra holn1 hacnlaiul I 3 ut I'uuiic ai.air eni. iuci " euriur court, a we .!fr(i i m. .v , - ated and ravaged the finest districts I ov France, some ov them becotnln' ; .,. , t- j Practically desolate for a time. For I some time Louis tee , 4th ruled, Lothaire followed and finally Louis j 5n. Hugh Copet finally got in at ruler. He proved to be a man ov sense and put on the brakes. He ruled for ten years, dyin In 997. Ho left the country to hlz son Robert. He refused to look after Germany and Italy and devoted awl ot hlz time to pullln France out ot a very deep hole. Hiz term iz highly spoken or. He held the Kingdom 33 years, dyin in 1030. Hu son Henry the First succeeded him. He started (Continued oa page 3.) . !! ft at hit t&Mt UV3 a rt !at, fe4itkw a4 lti4 tat. .CTCa IIP! 4 rfl & a, .a. a m Be I f ftf Of Jftftf to lilt hn H UA s4 fteca h tsetf tttrre4. 1 Atef In life te acl !at4 KJafi4y afe!wi ulai SM!4S Urn wist tt-a cmpne4 t f rrfct t tie !i-t lersa e-al4 frt a&4 tbf wrre h-ktd tnr Tfce twiifaatri were ea-l tor mny jf Htr ward, llary d!e4 la u at4 it It r jxk.?d that he i $ie?e4 Hit oldet mis, Philfp, aced rarv ui alt surriKr. lilt gvardUa. th' !Ufl of nadr- 18 la rr tt WlIIUw rf Sor- naany became th Klac of ItaKUtJit gaced In war with WillUw. th. C. (Continued on page I A CFNQATinMfl! PS M OtlOHIIUHAL hi Uftl itjr a r-j jCumbcihnd CuUnty Cfftnd Jury Pcports Awful Con dition Found Cnlrf tlatlns In tho Hail Clothing Wet and iMrlj li--l Dirty, SttMk l'wprttnrtr atl PiNrl F -SuiM-rintrndrnt Nr terely Criilclrd. The report of the grand jury for the January term of . CumWrUnd County Superior Court ciuk . ft use. ; thing of a tenatlon tx-cauje of tb ; miserable condition found at the convict ramp and aUo on account of . tne seivre rnuci.m 01 me upenn- i tenoeni. inu paper jve iwiow tne ; report of the grand Jury referring to ! this condition of affair as publUhed s in the Fayettevllle Index: A committee of three, appointed ty convict camp, reported that they i eral hogs and chickens were eating what they wanted of it. The clothe of the convicts were found lying on the ground, and had been eipoied i to the weather for over a week. The ! committee then Investigated the ! ages, and found everything dirty and ! black, and one could hardly tell tne COlOT Of the blSnkctR nf itiA 1 ,nmates complained that their feet ! wcr frozen from the cold. Tho j clothes were so filthy they were right I 'ck; the cells were vers' ofTenIve. "The place where the stock that the mules could not hold their ' heads up. All the mule were c- iro t iu tut? coiu wpainrr in.i vr ,.t . . ; ' - , .,, : . . " un- n--u aotjui " three hundred yards from the camp. j and could hae been taken by any ! bo3y deniring to take It; the mule j also M have easily bcea stolen. rcd troughs were so contract- : fT a c tn ti. -1 . f a t . . . t .tt .t t.r a . . . , . . , - - . . - v. ....... , , . r uitii llll'i wlth dnng and com together, the feed had ated out through the cracks In the others. Son of the nuls were attempting to eat oat of t tbe our.,- pile on S hj wa, down : exposed that anyl n e ourg pile on the ground. The la the dirt, and to body could fcae stolen ft. The stock seemed to be in good condition. The t uxerinten- dent wa not at the camp, and had oeen aDgent about ei?:ht days. We found that the toperintendent pnt ' a good deal of time bunting blrd- n:e $4 or f S worth of the county I nay was used for the bed' of the superintendent' horse. We found that there had been twelve escape fn lbe n eleven months. At the - P W frd v within fifty feet of ; cae- . "We urge that the Justices of the sPace and mayors required to take , B"ou ana sarccient bondJ in j fwu u aau.c.fBi oonaj tn caaea ' Twri.t rA v. t . . 1 125 to ISO. ; " ' - J "We find that in many case, where . . j defendants are ordered committed to jail to await erand In rr in f c -w - 4 m w w w a felony, the committing magistrates have a custom of sending the prfios ers to the county roads thirty day a for vagrancy, instead of committing them to jail, and as a result many of the worst kind of criminal es cape and thus escape Justice and run at large la the county as a constant menace to the peace and safety of the community. h. GWSOH, -"Foreman Grand Jury. "F. J. CREWS, . . "Clerk to Grand Jury."