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RALEIGH. N. C. THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 22. 1912. No 6 EDITORIAL BRIEFS f,r-nshoro has another ice trust, it wonder if the State authorities m vf-r near oi it. ho Democratic fight now on in State will not Increase the nura of cats except of the Kilkenny .ty. M. . ..... Cow-rnor Kitchin sayt ine ueino- -;;: party owes no man any office. dy should convey this news to ! he Craig. ;vernor Kitchin says that Senator ;:,nions has not Htood true to hi3 .aforrn. The Governor should start : .-ihing new. -lvoyard. a Washington eorre- M : nt says that the Democratic party is on trial. If that be true, It 1 ,uvfclfscar' K will not be necessary for the fanners to reduce their cotton acre - nzt- if they will only reduce the nura-j 1,,-r of Democrats in Congress. Governor Kitchin says Alaska and South Africa pay as high wages as America. But who wants to go Alaska or South Africa to live? to The Democrats seem to be having a hard time trying to select a suit able candidate for President. But they will finally run somebody just from force of. habit. Kx-Governor Aycock, another Sen atorial candidate, has announced that he will make a speech in Raleigh soon. More bad news for the mock ing birds. Maj. W. A. Graham has a milch cow that gave birth to twin calves. Of coarse, this fact will be used as a campaign argument to show why the Major should be re-elected Commis sioner of Agriculture. It might be well for some of those Democratic candidates who are ap plying for another Democrat's job to remember what happened to ttie 'Doctor" who applied for Dr. Picofs position at the asylum. Mr. Simmons and Mr. Duncan are a fine pair of hybrid political twins. There is one thing, however, that they, heartily agree on, and that is that neither one of them want to see the party grow in North Carolina. Some of Congressman Hobson's Democratic colleagues say he has acted in a "cowardice way." If they keep this up they will have most of the Democratic side of the Hous. branded before the session is over. It doesn't make any difference to us if Governor Kitchin has read Sen ator Simmons out of the Democratic party, but the Governor is overstep ping the bounds when he attempts to read Simmons into the Republican party. Governor Kitchin says Senator Simmons should not be returned to the U. S. Senate. The Republicans agree to that statement, though they Tvill hardly agree with the Governor as to who should be Simmons' suc cessor. it seems that some oi the Demo cratic Congressmen in this State were glad for the Federal Govern ment to send soil experts into their districts in North Carolina so the Congressmen could use that argu ment in favor of their re-election, but the same Congressmen think it all wrong for the Federal Govern ment to give any aid to the Confed erate soldiers in this State. Senator Simmons voted in the last Congress to keep his friend Lorimer in his seat, in spite of the ugly evi dence tending to show corruption and fraud of widespread kind of his elec tion. More evidence of fraud and corruption having been produced, an other committee of the Senate has been appointed to investigate the same and will soon make another re port Will Senator Simmons again vote to whitewash his friend Lorimer? ANOTHER DEMOCRATIC ROW. ! Conurmsn Uatmtm !!& Artrd in a j "Cowardice Way" riajr IIU Itrau. ratio CoUeagurft. Bit - n. D. C., Feb. IT. ter peroi.v ' Hark on r!onrunt. i tlve It. P. ifl o ere made on the House floor t,of his Deniocraticj (colleagues, Ue "'jiatlv Hay. of Virginia, and 11 - 'vntaliv Fitz ' Kerald. of New Yo. ' Uemarks in jferted in the Congr--. ial Record 3 . - A . - . ui no; uuerca on tne h-or, the Ala bam i an with acting in a "cowardice j "7 """ w,a'ca "wuw,a u-j Totea more time to thr rhmta i platform than attending the House! jgeFslons. Hay said he felt called np-f ) on to repudiate on behalf of the mill-! tary affairs committee the "cowardly! insinuations" contained in Hohson's j criticism of the army reorganization j scheme. S j STRANGE flUN IN ASYLUM j jMaa Thought to Hail From j CaSWcll County Waots Dr.1 ! PiCOt's Place Calls Himself "Dr. Watkins" and Thinks Superintendent Has Treat ed Him Unfairly by Not at Least Making Him One of the Attending Physicians. Dr. Picot, Superintendent of the Insane Asylum at Raleigh, has a very strange patient In his charge. It was only a few weeks ago that Dr. Picot was elected superintendent to succeed the late Dr. McKee. A man who called himself "Dr. Wat kins" heard there vere to be some new appointments of physicians at the asylum and he went over to ap ply for Dr. Picot's place, and this fact convinced Dr. Picot that the man was crazy and he had him com mitted to one of the wards In the asylum for treatment. A reporter of the News and Obser ver heard of the strange man at the asylum and went over to see him, and rgives the- following-account, of his visit: "Doctor" Watkins is one of the most recent additions to the State Hospital for the Insane, and to date Superintendent Louis J. Picot has found nobody who knows anything of this strange character. And he is held while Dr. Watkins, In his per verted mind, believes himself the vic tim of intrigue. Some time ago this stranger a peared at the institution and asked for a .position as physician in the hospital. At that time there was Xsome electing to do and as responsi bilities always gravitate to the man who will wear them, Doctor Watkins was on the spot ready for that grav itation. He asked for an assistant's place. Dr. Picot saw in a second his trouble. He told the man that he had no position for him and the stranger reappeared the following day. Again he wanted a position as physician. He had not eaten any thing for three days. Dr. Picot took him away, went through the legal re quirements and committed him to the hospital from the county of Wake. Meanwhile he has grown restive. He has heard that somebody has been given his place. He believes that Doctor Picot has toted unfairly with him and that a perfectly compe tent alienist has been shelved for a political favorite. He cusses the su perintendent, doctor,- and there isn't in all of the range of insanity, a thing in worse form than cussing Doctor Picot. . A reporter visited him two days ago. "Where are you from, Doctor Watkins?" he asked with solemnity enough to spring the knee joints of an archangel standing up under its burden. - "None of your d business," Doctor Watkins replied as he turned j . . , . ... a . me a d d lie, that's what you done," as he looked at both interviewers. Each effort to pull him out resulted in peremptory demands to talk out the window. Doctor Picot pacified him by making his interviewer keep quiet. He drew from the confined "doctor" that the ancestral home of .J X J V VVi -rft,. v f 1 Watkins was in Caswell County, but nnf.tnf vinnt a Tin von nave 10 anne siren Kin oi me rresiueui u the gentleman confessed himself an expatriate, if indeed not an ascetic, caring nothing for home ties or brethren and living unto himself. He could , not talk long without rever sion to the perfidy of Dr. Picot In choosing somebody to takehis place while he must stay there and brood over the unattached job. "Where did you study medicine, Doctor Watkins?" the reporter again asked. The doctor looked as if he meant to talk again, but he looked up again and snorted: "I thought I told you to keep your d- - mouth out of this. This is me and the doc tor. He is responsible for this. D a newspaper man anyway." (Continued on page 3.) Congressman WcKinley in ! Charge of President Cam- i PlgQ for Renomfcialion FRIENDS OF ROOSEVELT BUSY I The Colonel May Uue a Formal lie pljr to Hbj Friends Within a Week or Ten Days The Sugar Trust In. relitigation Anotlier iNmiratJc Fiirce Tlie I'nited SLatm Supreme Cmn and the Initiatlre and HeterA i ... endum The Chines Republic Hoists a w Hag The Caucas ian Iredictioim Came True. (Special to The Caucasian.) Washington. D. C. Feb. 20, 1912. On yesterday the yellow and red dragon flag of the Chinese monarchy was pulled down at the legation of that country in Washington, and in its place there will go up the white and blue flag of the new Chinese re public. At the same hour the same Chinese flag was hauled down at ev ery Chinese legation and embassy at the capital of every country in the world. The act symbolized the fact of the birth of the newest and larg est republic in the world. There are over four times as many people In the Chinese republic as in the United States. The Caucasian predicted when the uprising in that country started a few months ago against the Tartar dynasty of China that this revolution would not fall like the Boxer revolu tion and other revolutions, but that it was a real revolution headed straight for a Republican form of government, and that It was almost certain that the Chinese people would never lay down arms again until the hated Manchu Tartars who had con quered them three hundred years ago were forever driven from Chinese soil. At that time but few papers in th Rtat.ft Matin K ti a", , . -o " view eipressea Dy ine Caucasian. Events have proven how well and carefully The Caucasian had studied the great and complex problems that were at work among the four hun dred millions of Chinese citizens. The Sugar Investigation Farce. One of the many Democratic inves tigating committees has at last fLn .shed its work and made its report to Congress. This is the committee that was appointed to investigate the sugar trust. The committee has es tablished but one thing by its inves tigation, and that is that there is a sugar trust. This is something that everybody knew before that commit tee spent months of time and thou sands of dollars in making a sham investigation. The Attorney-General of the Unit ed States had investigated the sugar company long before the investiga tion started, and had determined that it was a trust in violation of the Sher man anti-trust law and had started prosecutions under that law to dis solve the same. The Democratic committee, in its report, furnishes no new information and makes no recommendation to Congress of any kind. It is a com monplace report, without any infor mation and without any value. In short, it is an ordinary Democratic fraud. I 'residential Politics, i With the placing of Congressman McKinley, o Illinois, in charge of the campaign of President Taft for renomination there has been marked increased political activity on pari of the Presidents friends. What!. . .,. T rtl f truce ov three years wuz agreed upoa v 11 j , mgton when President Lincoln was . , . ' may be called a real fight has been . . 1 1C;- ; and at the end ov the period King . . j assassinated In April, IS60. bae was ' " begun In earnest for the renomina- . . . ! Edward anchored before Calais with . . , , , . . I supposed to be and prooaoiy was , .... tion of the Fresident and it Is the t. mn,thi7(ir driri(, thjI.100 ships and increased the Lng- opinion of all observers that already j x . a. m Mr a. . : m. rr jbeen materially increased. - - w- In the meantime, there has been j greaier acuvuy on me pars, oi tm; 1 A 9 n ' President Roosevelt. Tbr Governors of nine States Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska r "aYf-i tt i.s i South Dakota , virgiuw, fornla, and Wyoming have held a j meeting and issued a formal request to Colonel Roosevelt to permit them and others to organize and support his candidacy for the Presidency. It is understood that Colonel Roosevelt will within the next week or ten days publish a formal reply. It is thought that his answer will be that he Is not a candidate seeking the place, but that If a majority of his party call upon him to lead that he will not refuse. In the meantime, the constitution al convention of the State of Ohio has invited Colonel Roosevelt to go to Columbus to-morrow and deliver an address before the conYention la support of the initiative and referea dnm. There is the greatest Interest is all ftoUUcal eirel n in 1 tdao what the m of ill be roa the Ilepsbtlcaaa of Ohio and the ret of the eotiBtry. The jretne ftwt m4 the laitlalltef Ilrfrrrtxhtm. 1 it As formerly inDoueroJ Caucasian. km. !mM,M .... .... beea brought to the Stress Coart ioToHIsK the ottfUtato&:!ty of tfeUV!a fit Vnnt tit WaSr. Waa la a Initiative sad referendum Us of the 1 ? ., S . was argued on elaborately by the who favored and by thot who op-1 rioted tba Initiative and referedasi. I The Supreme Court hat just hand-; ed down a d-tclsioa which hat ta I k forward to with great interest j froK1 wo of country to the! other. The court hold, that ft not Interfere with the initiative and referendum when put into practice f by any State. j The court dodges the question as? to whether or not, in Its opinion, the! State that has the initiative and ref- erendum ig a Republican form of gov. j ernment as provided by the constitu-. . i ... .. .. . i uon, oui says tnat that question can ' 7 , ' ' that Cones, decide, this question when It admits representatives and "'uui a iu Eeais m congress rrora such States. The fact is that Congress and the Executive have many times recog- l 4l uiu oies ere uepuDu-to RO anywhere or have any confer can in form and therefore this great j isali0B Hith any persons who faced question affecting popular govern-jlhem lo the windwara. There were ment is settled in favor of the con-!many other precautionary rules. leuuoa ui inose wno want me people to have more power in the control of legislation and governmental af fairs. CASE OF SIRS. SURRA TT AGAI.V. Official Stenographer at the Trial Says the Woman Should Not Have Geen Hanged. A dispatch from Cincinnati, Ohio, says: "Almost fifty years after the asas sinatlon of Abraham Lincoln, the pen of Ben Pitman, pioneer of stenogra phy, who acted as official stenogra pher at the trial of the conspirators. has revealed facts sunnortinfir hia be- . j Her tnat- Mrs.- Maryr 3trrratt,-tne "wo- man hanged with three other con spirators, was innocent of the crime for which she was executed. The statement was written by Pitman just before his death here a year ago, and appears in the March Issue of a Cincinnati magazine. A portion of Pitman's statement Is: " 'That Mrs. Surratt, who was hanged with three male conspirators concerned in a plot to assassinate President Lincoln and other Govern ment officials, was entirely innocent of any prior knowledge of or partici pation In those crimes Is, to my mind, beyond question. My conviction is based on the following facts: That as official recorder of the trial; as having heard every word of the testi mony; as compiler of the published volume, 'Lincoln Assassination Trial; more than all, as having previous to the trial written down from the lips of the principal witnesses their sto ries of what they knew or about which, in their employment of spies, they learned. I have had the best opportunity or rormmg a true opm-, ion as to tne guilt or innocence ot Mrs. Surratt. " The Sf.atesville Landmark, com menting on the case of Mrs. Surratt, says: "The Landmark had supposed that it was a pretty generally accepted fact of long standing, that Mrs. Sur ratt was really Innocent but was an unfortunate victim of the popular wrath aroused by the assassination of Lincoln. kedjt. K Z iWZrV' the the benefit of The La nd marks wMch ad just ended when Lin-! Lw th,t w hnn wa head- qQ3rterg for tnose who coaspred tojj v Print vnA that She was "This explanation is made for the i reason that not lon aS a who was a pupi, ia a graced school in this state was told by his teacher to writ a story. The boy appealed to his father and the latter, thinking to give him something out of the com mon, told him the story of Mrs. Surratt- The boy wrote the story and took it to his teacher, but the latter had never heard of Mrs. Surratt and she turned the story down." Two Words Exactly Synonyroocs. Yellow Jacket. We heard a very able Democrat! scholar the other day declare that there were no two words exactly sy nonymous. We asked him what about Democratcy and Bankruptcy, and we came very near having the fellow to whip. , fiFrtl AfiriFflT HltTflW aea 5opcrstajoa ws Its Height in France j is?rtn ifH rt r , ; 3 UULLU VfAUUHir" miHH i cftaXa CXUral MlCnaOoa A Kla Wm WW-rrmh ilaf Hrcrit4 fo Ur fs4 r up st facta About Joan Arc, iWjit of ihm. td umt? timm I rrnth fiirt VIm txl an Army ulff e'oloi ffU- fr tU Victory mmd s4 Vrmmtm Vomjo9T tsi4 ' Vl. tWa. UiU KngUmlt Kul ,sad Fata f ibej I Irate Uirt. llllklusv.lle, N. a, Feb. 20, ISIS. Corrs ond?nc of Tfc Cucjuiijua- Entrpri. In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries cunrstiltuion or a I kiriiia i reached It height in France. At ; that time that trrribI(. dU. Up. ; rosy WUI Ver cucimoa atj4 the dr4 or hit caused the ppie to be tn a j state ov panic nearly awl th time. (Awi persons nmving tne plague were j placed in pest-houes an forbidden some good, tome foolish. Hit it claimed that the goods an" chatties ov any leper, even live stock, were ? free from danger ov beta' stolen fori "it Kcuciaw; uvueieu iui irn-; i-rrj m lq Atlanta Georgian jf f hie things would happen to any onmt date will b rad with Interest who might wrong a leper. The home I by the peopt Q thli tat: ov awl persons were burned ax soon One of the tranioiltters of the az tbey were placed in the pest bouse, j Baptist T&bernacU has rrontly pr. The warlike and enterpritin mon- j formed a nw aervica in North Caro arch ov England never lost site ov Una. by aiding in the conviction of uii. mam uujH.t iu me uicu u to whip France. When the three- year truce expired he at once set out to try again. .In the days when there were no newspaper, no telegraphs, news got around slowly, so when the English monarch landed In France at lhe jnouth ov Jhp Rifer Garronne and began to burn towns and destroy other things, he surprised the French, for they did not expect any thing ov that sort rite away. The French military leader soon had an army on the move, but seemed rather anxious to avoid a battle, though the French army on hits own soil wuz much superior to any force England coudl invide the country with at that time. But for some reason the Eng lish King left France In a short time, em bark in' hlz troops at Calais. But France thought he would return, an he did. In the meantime France had increased her standing army to 30. 000. Soon thereafter hit wuz known that the Prince of Wales had marched with an army or 12,000 1 men from Bordeaux. The Prince wuz quite young an he soon conclud-j omcr wer n convinced that ed that In takin the place ov hlz!John guilty and Will and King he had a big job on hand. Hej!Iack RoRa innocent. The two found that the French had burned or ,aat named spent most of th!r time broken down awl bridges behind him, ! Pray,nK kord to cause John to which prevented a hasty retreat. confefI they could be freed. John while before him the country seem-!18 reported to have at last given in ed to be alive with French troops. awlwars been! . " ..... J . . i i Known az uun qoks in war. aaui i tji it . i jt i 'the voune Prince selected a Dositlon 1 ov advantage and awaited the French attack. The French thought they ; transmitter. Implicated a white man had a light job on hand and inarched name1 Prank Gladden, who was ar boldly into what proved to be a ; rested and tried for his life, but ac death-trap. The French were forced QuRted. to retreat and the French King, who ! T"0 transmitter has been return wuz leadin biz troops In person, hav- fo the Baptist Tabernacle, and is in stood hiz ground too long, wuz1" Its customary place, retdy to con taken nrisoner br the English. !Tey lhe Gospel to such sick In the ad- This dreadful defeat which hap- f Pened in 1356, added to the unrest tfae FrenCQ ' vernment. Anotherft I!sh forcea ia France to about 100.- 0( 0 men. The French ruler had de- c5de to make hiz stand in Paris, i , . cii uz we" Prepared agal -' sus,' f iamine and it wuz certain that the j coa-jngnsn couia not capture au Dy j lais cuoiinuea lor a jfar an s WUl I rtt j tk i . v. " u' eed that Frank Gladden, a white man. conference wuz on the folio win conditions: The j DQt t , aaJersuod thu ? t French King wuz to pay three mil- icaKje frorn rtes Jo CIeIea4 Hon pieces ov gold ax a ransom; King caay vho teIi6Te there vere oth. Edward forever renounced awi I !mpUcated ,Q la nBrd.rbetiats claims to the French Kingly throne JRoM aQd n u boped M Ma Qax0 hut wuz to get Possession ov several f f artcer coaf!oBS. French provinces; so while no great . ' gain wuz made by either side, both IlMnAm(l countries had been pat to an enor-i mo us expense. Charles, sumamed ."the Wise." succeeded hiz father on the French throne. He conducted things well an once more France got out ot her run-down condition. The English had played the gavel ot war so long that she wuz not now able to main tain even a small army an' this gave France a chance to bre&the more ffljr si fct 1 lfTffefy. ittuu s i -His try, Ot lt4ru - a f it fetll. tie w tlli erto$ tie tH-tf i - . . . . . ..... f if-4 ia frttfla ik ti l!ry ms4 far ty i,ft I SKr. i1m saJer a eaJt of tl OBm,Tft 3?rws 1 fr.!r of A TRAUSLllTTEn USED How the Authorities Gained Evidence ia Cleveland Murder Case r Trmimittrr Wa laMLaltfti tm tfft UWrr Arra&giHl ia IUum Arrum tlm Strrrt Xhm Parti. Uon4 to TIk-It CVtmrrmatitm IUm Mill IfcHrlarv Citat4r Aita (iulljy . i ran ted a ItrprWiv tD following article which ap- a raurqerer. the implication of his accessory, and helping to fr two other negToes who were h4d char ed with the crime. Three negroes. Will. John and Hack Ross, were arretted mad jailed at Shelby, N.C.t suspected of a jaer der. The oficers btd so other way of convicting the murderer, if the three refused to talk. The Western Electric Company borrowed the transmitter of the Dtp Hat Tabernacle and it was sent to Gastonla. where it wss installed ta the cell of the three suspect, being placed In the ceiling and concealed among Christmas decorations that were carefully placed shove the ne groes. A telephone wire was placed to connect with the trantmlter and a receiver hung In the city hall across the street. For three days and nights men took turns lUtenlug through the receiver to the conver sation of the trio in the Jail cell. From bits of the conversation the omessea nit guilt. Ier. e was tried and sentenced in up i n nnn ino sit n men . . . . . . . . . , . ...... - v were iven their liberty. The talk lot tbe nroei, ss given through the j jacent hospital as desire to hear. A " "M r iec- Company oSe a . that every re- wniv nopea lor naa neen accomplish ed by the transmitter, and thanking the church for its use. John Ikwm Reprieved. Tho date for Rots electrocution was art for lat FVfdav h rtt mn nr Mw- before the negro was to be put to death Covemnr K'ltrhfn nt..4 th " . 7 " Before Ross knew that a v. . killed Mr. niTrtn anA n!n 4f - -.L..- kI1! d .f niim, r.r, aia Clinton News-Dispatch. 1 The Democratic party make' lot . of fuss because the foreigners have to pay us jl tariff tax In order to sell their goods OTsr here in competition to our home manufactures, bnt they don't seem to mind piling up the taxes oa the poor farmers here ia North Carolina.