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I JlIJlL V OL. XXX. . IVfAY O, 1912. No. 17, RALEIGH. IV. C. THURS I 3 i f I" 3. i .i i EDITORIAL BRIEFS u anu uuw biub- , and. My Maryland. j ';ir . i(v-rnor has switched his loy-j 'Trn Harmon to Wilson. Would i ,. railed "a change of heart"? the Democratic contest in Flor Mr. Underwood got the oranges Mr. Wilson got the lemons. if Harmon could only bare a i-!.- to his name he might be able some business with the voters. a at the flies and the "bull-dozing pohtirian all at the same swat, for brii are a menance to any commun- Mr Rryan sees ahead the Demo rari storm at the National Conven : ! and has already hoisted his light- :. : rod. I: Candidate Harmon doesn't soon : d legate from some State they .-.-n stop p:iK'is. mentioning his name is said that Mr. Bryan is think : ihrowing his hat into the ring, st hr should, Mr. Bryan will be s a hat on election day. With two Presidential contests now the Democratic Senatorial con test in this State is about to drop into it, nocuous desuetude. A Boston preacher says that wo int ii are over-dressed, still many oth- r critics have observed that some of thtm are not dressed quite enough. The Democrats might take one of their left-over candidates and name him for Vice-President. Of course the empty honor is all there is tQ it. An exchange says there are better times ahead. Then it may.be taken for granted there will not be anoth er Democratic Congress after next March. The News and Observer says the tariff causes poverty. No doubt it is the cause of some of the Democratic otfi e-seekers being still hungry for the pie they did not get. If Woodrow Wilson does not get the Democratic nomination the edi tor of the News and Observer may not be the next Secretary of War, and if Mr. Wilson should get the nomina tion, he may not be elected. Kx-Governpr Glenn is in California shelling the woods for Woodrow Wil son. If the citizens of that State :'el the earth tremble, during the meantime they ifleed-- not fear an earthquake, for the: gust will soon 'low over. Press dispatches say that; Under wood's manager sent out checks for Hoo to various parties in Georgia, .in st before the Presidential primary was held, with the word to "give them hell." And, judging from the result, the command was carried out. The news comes from Washing ton that the Wilson and Clark cam Wiign barrels are bursted. Evident ly their former supporters have de cided there is no chance for a Demo cratic President any way, and have grown tired of putting up for a losing tuiie. Nothing has done more to rally the honest rank and file of the Republi can party in this State and every where to Roosevelt, than the fact that the Democratic machine bosses every where are praising Taft and abusing Roosevelt, and besides doing all they "n to help Republican machine boss es of the Duncan stripe to dominate the Republican party. The trusts op erate the machines in both parties. The Greensboro Daily News, which claims to be an independent (?) Re publican (?) paper, is now trying to construe the Democratic platform so to show that Senator Simmons has kn true to his platform and is the one simon-pure Democrat. If Mr. Simmons is again made the boss of the Democratic machine, then the Greensboro News will become the or thodox organ of that party of calam lt'. high prices and broken promises. THE VOTE IN MARYLAND q , R , QArilroJ u OOK oseveit Secured the Vote in that State Ovei the Machine Bosses DOW OTOEU STATES STAD Colonel Roosevelt Will IVobably Cap ture the Twenty Votes From Cali fornia Much Interest in Ohio and Xew Jersey State-Wide Pri marie The Outlook for Parrels Pout More Hypocritical Economy on the I 'art of the Democratic House Hold and Selfish Extravagance Congrefwt to Take Two Weeks Re cess. (Special to The Caucasian.) Washington. D. C, May 7, 1912. The suspense and interest of theierv boss and everv machine would nnl tlrlana o n A tha rnr 1 - n .n 11,.; r 1.MV. vk" 6tuciau; tf fill rOfffitl in tha XTo rr n 1 wi J i,ai'"oi vapum; was greater yesterday over the out- come of Maryland than over the re sult in any other State. The sweeping victory of Roosevelt in securing the solid delegation of The express companies, with the sixteen votes from that State was: help of the railroads, have been exert hardly expected. Marylandisknownto ing their power to defeat the proposi- be not only a very conservative State,; but a State which has in the past been dominated almost completely by the bosses and machines of both par ties, and by the special interests be hind them. When Roosevelt won his great vic tory in Illinois there was not so much ssupense and interest in the vote of that State because, frankly, it must be admitted that no one in the capital seriously expected him to win. Therefore, his great victory came as a surprise. Following this the fight made in Pennsylvania, while a most interest ing and dramatic one, and interest was keyed up to a high pitch, yet there were few who expected such a sweeping victory. It must be admits ter that Roosevelt's friends did not expect him to carry the State by a sweeping majority, but expected him to secure only a a substantial minor ity representation. ... - - - The next great fight was the State of Massachusetts. While it was thought that Roosevelt would there secure a substantial following and get a third or nearly half of the vote, it was not thought that he would sweep the State because it was believed that if there was a State in the Union left where Taft could win it was in that rock-ribbed conservative State, that was supposed to be dominated by the special interests as completely as any State in the Union. The next State that wras considered surest for Taft was the staid old con servative State of Maryland. Now that stronghold has been swept away by the rising tide of Roosevelt's pop ularity and the determination of the rank and file of the people every- L where to sweep away boss and ma chine rule, which is another, name for the domination of corporations and trusts. ' "... - " Other Victories in Sight. The next important State to act is California. That State has twenty votes in the National Convention, and there is now. no question that it will be solid for Roosevelt. The next State where President Taft is supposed to be the strongest is New Jersey, which ha3 twenty-four votes. It is now believed that Roo sevelt will get a majority, if not two thirds, of the delegates from that State. Of course, the most critical State in the Union so far as President Taft is concerned, and the next most import ant State to act is Ohio, the Presi dent's home State. If Roosevelt should capture a majority, or half, or even a substantial minority of the delegates from that State, it will mean that President Taft is certainly out of the running and that Roosevelt's nomination is sure. It is certain that Roosevelt will have a very strong following in that State. It Is en tirely possible that he will get half of the delegates, and he may get more. Washington State for Roosevelt. While this article is being written the State of Washington is electing delegates to the National Convention. That State has ten votes and it is be lieved that Roosevelt will have every one of them. While President Taft had a great lead before Colonel Roosevelt con sented to permit his friends to use his name, yet the victories won by Colonel Roosevelt in his direct appeal to the people, since he entered the race, have been the most remarkable ever seen in the history of American politics. What a Western Senator Says. A prominent Western Senator, d cussing this remarkable political situ , ation to-day, said that a various times j In the Dast D bad had micrlrinxi about the tabiiity of the American nation and the capacity of the Amer-f; kan U to govern themselves and j maJntaJn our iD.mution.: bat con - tinutng. he said, that the way the rank and file of the people. In every! quarter of the country, bad risen la! their might to assert their will in this! r-i a i i . . . . I i inmeuiui campaign QSQ convinced I him that the future of American in stitutions was secured, and that the people would rule. Must Have State-Wide Primaries. Commenting further, be said that under the old machine or boss con vention and caucus system of the past that the will of the people had frequently been defeated, but that the result of this campaign would mean that every State In the Union would now adopt State-wide primaries so that every voter could cast his vote for his preference for any candidate from President down in his home pre cinct, and that that vote would be re corded and have its weight in every Convention in the State and Nation He said that when this was done, ev - i , . . . i . . . j ue ruuoeu ui me lasi cnance to ue- t 1 .. ... vise scnemes to inwurt tne will 01 the people. It now people will rule. looks like the )utlKk for Parcels Post. tion to establish any form of a par I eels post in this country. They have! j succeeded in fooling and lining up on every side a large number of coun try merchants, who have been pour ing petitions in on Congress to de feat every parcels post proposition. This is an old scheme that has been worked by the railroads and express companies for twenty years. The majority of the people, however, have gotten their eyes opened to this kind of scheme, and they are warning their Congressmen that they will not longer submit to the parcels post be ing murdered by such monopoly in fluences. It now looks as if this Congress would be forced to yield to the peo ple at least an experimental or a par tial parcels post system. More Hypocritical Economy. The present Democratic House of Representatives has' been posing as an economy Congress. They began by cutting down the salaries of a number of clerks in the departments and reducing the number of clerks in many places. They next refused to vote a single cent for battleships, on the ground of economy. They have n,of ,0feo(t . vaHinn!1. nav just refused to vote additional money needed for the starving and suffer- j ing victims of the terrible Missisip-' pi floods which are growing worse i each day, and this has been done on the score of economy. Bold and Selfish Extravagance. At the same time, tke Democratic House has proceeded to increase the salaries of the private secretaries of each Congressman from fifteen hun dred dollars a year to two thousand dollars a year. This increase in sala ries makes almost as large a sum as that which the Democratic House re fused to vote for the relief of the Mississippi flood sufferers. At ttiA suttia timp th TmrMratie-! House has refused to vote to reduce their prequisities or graft of twenty cents for each mile traveled or sup posed to be traveled going to and coming from Washington by each Congressman. A bill was offered to reduce this item of traveling expenses to actual cost. That provision was promptly voted down, though it is known that each Congressman pays only about two and one-half cents a mile for his transportation, and some of them ride on passes and pay noth ing. At the same time, this Democratic House has voted to take seventy-five ; million dollars ($75,000,000) out oi the Treasury to give pensions to so called Union soldiers, who were nev er in a battle and who never fired a gun. For forty years, the Democratic party has denounced the Republican party for voting extravagant amounts of money for pensions to Northern soldiers who did not deserve it. The Democratic House now approves of all j the alleged extravagances of a Re- se, however, we think the Herald! Baltimore. Md.. May -The close publican Congress in this direction been lead Into several serious er-j ness of the struggle between Presl and adds seventy-five million dollars j rors. dent Taft and Theodore Roosevelt on top of it, and does this clearly with the hope of buying the Northern soldier vote, to elect a Democratic President, in order that the Demo cratic politicians may get and divide up the Federal offices of the country between themselves. Congress to Take a Two Weeks Re cess. It has now become clear that Con gress could not possibly adjourn be fore the Republican and Democratic National Conventions meet. The leaders of the two Houses have there fore gotten together and have tacitly agreed that they will take a two weeks' adjournment of Congress, to cover the time of both of these conr (Continued on page 2.) J vote ; IfiT I'liUlf JIjV I jThe Contest in the Republi- can Party for the Presi- I dencX The Poll of the X. Y. Herald Is Clear ly Wroajc This Time Some Potent 1 LUtakeLooks lake Ilooaeveit Slay Wis The Vote in Detail. We give below the table of Tail delegates and the table of Roosevelt delegates so far elected as prepared and published by the New York Her ald on last Sunday: President Taft. Instructed for, pledged or faror able to Alabama (all but one district) Alaska Colorado (8 delegates at large and 2 districts) 23 2 12 ! Connecticut (complete) 14 ! Delaware (complete) ! District Cit f'ril 11 mhi 1 TArr nnnmn w" ' v "f- - , Georgia (complete) 2S Hawaii 6 Illinois (Fifth District) Indiana ( 4 delegates at large and 8 districts Iowa (4 delegates at large and 6 districts Kansas (First District) 20 IS 23 Kentucky (4 delegates at large and all but 1 1-2 districts) . . Louisiana (6 delegatea at large and 7 districts) 20 Massachusetts (9 districts) ... 18 Michigan (G delegates at large and 7 districts) 20 Mississippi (complete) 20 Missouri (9 districts) 18 New Hampshire (complete) . . . New Mexico (part) New York (4 delegates at large and 39 districts) 82 Oklahoma (1 district) Pennsylvania (5 1-2 districts) . . Philippines Porto Rico Rhode Island (complete) South Carolina (complete).... 2 11 2 2 10 18 Tennessee (8 districts)- 16 Vermont (4 delegates at large ; and 1 district) 'V Virginia (complete) 24 Total for President Taft. . Theodore Roosevelt. 430 Instructed for, pledged or favor able to Illinois (all but one district) . . . 56. Iiana (5 districts ia Kansas (4 districts) Kentucky (1 1-2 districts) ... Maine (complete) 12 Michigan (2 districts) 4 Missouri (4 delegates at large and 6 districts) Massachusetts (5 districts) . . 16 10. Nebraska (complete) 16 New Mexico (part) ..... t ... . New York (part) Oklahoma (10 delegates at large and 3 districts) Pennsylvania (12 delegates at large and 26 1-2 districts) . . Vermont (Second district) 2 8 16 65 2. Oregon (complete) 10 Total for Mr. Roosevelt. 238 Senator LaFollette. Instructed for, pledged or favor able North Dakota (complete) IJi Wisconsin (complete) 26 Total for Senator LaFollette 36 Senator Cummins. Instructed for, pledged or favor able to Iowa (5 districts) 10 Uninstructed, unclassified and uncertain Missouri (twelfth district) NortJl Carolina (First district). Massachusetts (8 delegates at r- v" arge' : votes of the two parties instructed 12 ; the delegates to the State Convention Dy the preference vote of each coun- The New York Herald - has for ty. A majority of this vote in a coun many years been considered the-fair- ty instructed that counties delegates est and most reliable authority in i accordingly, preparing summaries of political sit-( -uations. In the past the Herald has n ew f i.t t 1 1 V. Tn V.!o "w " i r or instance, ice neraiu places iu( ior cunuui ui ibi;iauub Bt.(.rcu the Taft column, without any ques-f votes In the national convention was tion, all of the southern delegates ! emphasized today when complete re which have so far been elected. In turns from yesterday's' primaries this we thin" that the Herald is mia-j showed that the result depended taken. In the first place, the Herald j upon one county, which on the face should state that most of the south-! of the returns gave Roosevelt a ma- era delegates already elected are contested. The Herald gives twenty votes from Mississippi to President Taft, without question. Every one or tne votes from Mississippi is claimed by Col. Roosevelt's campaign manager. The Herald gives 18 votes In South Carolina to Taft, without question. Our information is that at least 14 of those 18 delegates from South Carolina will vote for Roosevelt. (Continued on page 3.) ROOSEVELT SWEEPS MARYLAND HI THE PRESIDENTIAL ROW Will UAVF nWl? IUIHDC THLI K M A 1 A IADI v i f ati f b vnu mvtvu I linil rt llirWUai I I - ! IN JTHE STATR iONVP WTf HlVf U A n A STRONG LEAD IN Incomplete Returns Indicate That Mr. Roosevelt fcaa Cap. tared the Delegation From Texas Two Convection Held in Amknsas- One for President Tuft and One for Col Roose veltA Contesting Delegation From Alabama. Baltimore. Md.. Slay . Mary land's sixteen votes in the National j Convention will be cast for Theodore Roosevelt and Speaker Champ Clsrk. unless the few election districts still j to be heard from change the result registered to-day by the State's flrtt : Presidential primaries. Although the 6 ; result was clase and Colonel lloose- f nn tVi fo nf tK vM m-rs m s m A i iuu iuc uuwwi ui ' votes necessary to control the State convention, the iatet count to-night did not materially change the result indicate before midnlKht. The primaries divided the dele gates to the State Convention a fol lows: lie publicans: Roosevelt. ''; Taft. Democrats: Clark. 72; Wllaon. 44; Harmon, 4; In doubt, 9. Majority necessary to control the convention, 65. The State delegates elected are j bound to choose a delegation to the National Convention favorable to the t Presidential candidates for whom the g j people to-day expressed their prefer 6 ! ence. Although the preference vote of the State as a whole did not determine the result, it favored Roosevelt and Clark by pluralities more conclusive than the division of State delegates based on the county preference vote should. This was due largely to the sweep which both successful candi dates made in the city of Baltimore. Speaker Clark led steadily from the time the first returns arrived from the Baltimore wards. Early in j the. evening it looked as if Colonel i TTramirmlt wnnld win Yrw an Atiiatl big majority, but shortly before mid night returns from the strong Taft counties In southern and eastern Maryland put the President suddenly ahead with sixty-three delegates to nhy opponent's sixty-one. , Prince George's County t! It was George's County that decid- 1 oH Tlrtth airia r1almrf tt flvo vnt iIT xi . . it . meagre returns irora Republican con until conclusive returns shortly after! .? . , u r f. , ry MMt. ventions give Colonel Roosevelt a column. Clark and Roosevelt leaped into the lead early with complete delegations from Raltimore city, which gave them i each twenty-eight delegates. Clark's preferential vote In this city was i greater than that of Harmon and Wil ; son combined. He defeated Wilson ' by nearly three to one and the New Jersey Governor was ahead of Gover nor Harmon by two to one. The sweeping Clark suscess in Bal . tlmore was a victory for the Demo ' cratic organization. In the Republi j can primary here the Roosevelt or j ganUation led by Collector of the j Port William F. Stone. Tho small vr o TvrUii br Clnv mnr Harmon removed the possibility that the Democratic fight be settled In the j State Convention. Had none of the t Democratic candidates won a major j Ity of the delegatea Instructed for ! the candidate with the smallest fol 1 lowing would have been free to swing ! to oaa of the other candidates and i control the convention after the first ; ballot. 2! The popular preferential vote was lost sight of to-night and probably j will not be tabulated to-morrow. Un,- der the Maryland law the affiliated - mwm J i jority of but 80 votes. Putting this county (Upward) in the Roosevelt j column, gave him 66 delegates to. the j State convention, just one more than the majority, necessary tor control The three Howard County delegates, if counted for Taft. would have given him the primary victory by the same margin. Complete unofficial returns recevl ed today by the State Roosevelt com mittee and all the Baltimore newspa pers, including the two which have CITY OF BALTIMORE. supported Presides! Taft. -ire-1 la cUine Colonel RooeU a majority in Howard County of eighty o44 votes; but this slight taargtn left ihm Taft leaders tonight nn tiling to concede that their opponents had on the election. "It would b lm proper fur me to concede anything at Ik t. si ... ft. . -, xmw umi orn saryiat4 1 vote - . i j m uinonai contention nang ta f irn nun iou oi-s. said John it Manna, chairman of ih ltrpatlU aa ! Statf o-ntral comtnltte. j of th Taft forte, and Ira.Jrr TWO i:TlON UKNsH. One Delegation lntrurte f.r 1'rv-. dent 111 and One for Cl. IU tell. Little Rock. Ark . May 7 Two Republican 8tate convention, one attendedby ujporter of !reident Taft and the other by adherents of Col. RooeveIt. met here today. Kach claimed for Itaelf regularity. Kach elected four delegates at large from Arkansas. Separate contentions, both Stat and in two Congreuional districts, have been held this week, making ten delegates elected by each facton to the Chicago convention so far. The Roosevelt convention Instruct ed iu delegates to vote for the for mer President so long as his name U before the Chicago convention. ItOOSKVKIT AIIKA1I IS TKXAH. Incomplete I tetania Give Col. IIoomv veil Lead. Dallas, Texas, May 7. Returns from approximately one-half of the StalQ show God. Woodrow Wilson, of New Jersey, far In the lead In the number of inatructed delegates to the Democratic State Contention select ed at county conventions held throughout Texas today. while slight advantage over President Taft. Republican return give Roovetelt 26 votes and Taft 20. A number of counties reported no Republican Conventions and several will send delegatea to the State Con vention, it Is not thought probable that county instructions will prove sufficient decisive to determine the attitude of the State's delegation to the Chicago contention. Later Report Prom Texas (iitew t'fd. Itooaevell AO and President Taft 30. Dallas, Texas. May 7. Ret urns from the Republican County Conven tions received up to 1 1 o'elock to night give Roosevelt 50 votes In the State Convention; Taft 30. delegates uninstructed 27; necessary to con trol State Convention 1Z7 votes. Four counties reported conventions not held. Roosevelt Forces Will Send Conteai ing Ielegation From Alabama. Monttgomery. Ala., May 5. Ala bama Republicans of the Roosevelt wing of the party held county con ventions throughout the State yes terday and named delegates to the State Convention which they will hold In Birmingham May 11. Reso lutions were adopted endorsing Roosevelt and recognizing Joseph O. Thompson chairman of the Republi can organization. Thompson formerly was chairman of the Republican State organization but was icbeduled by Pope M. Long and Is no w recognized as the leader of the "Insurgent" wing in this Slat. The Birmingham convention was call ed by him for the purpose of sending a contest from the delegation to the Chicago. Will Klect Four Itooeve!t Delegates. Independence, Kan.. May 8. The Republican State Convention assem bled here to-day. The convention will elect four Roosevelt delegates to the National Convention In his college work Woodrow Wil son condemned the principle of the initiative and referendum. In his campaign speeches be indorses it. As a teacher and writer of history he criticised the foreign clsases in Amer ica. On the stump he praises thera high.- Albemarle Chronicle. .