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7hnriy, September 19, 1912.
area LIVE SHOCK PURE-BRED CATTLE ARE BEST rc Be Successful Little Details Mus Net B Overlooked Keep Up Records of Animals. X we!l-elected bred of pure-bred ct.,'e is a source of much pleasure as aeii as profit, but to be successful de tail" must not be overlooked. Many tree2es and beginners are too cars jej. Ther keep no accurate records cf birtbs, neglect their cattle, fall to keep up the records, do not take prof r care of their cattle in winter, and j?e of tea caught with & lot of surplus gad unmerchantable bulls on hand and so buyers. Let me add that tae-only vtj to dispose of surplus stock Is br judicious advertising In some good firm and stock paper, says a writer la an exchange. Keep your herd la nice, healthy coa lition, so you will not be ashamed ta ihow jour stock to prospective bujsm. Make a yearly exhibit at a few leading state and county fairs and present your stock In the most attractive form at home, as well as at the fairs. In de scribing your sale stock to prospective A Pure-Bred Hereeford. buyers by mall or otherwlne, never overestimate the merits of an animal. Make Rood every statement, and make every buyer a friend. It Is cheaper to retain your old customers than to hunt new ones. There Is no better way to restore or lceep up the fertility of your soil than by keeping a herd of beef cattle, sav leg and applying the manure. A lib eral supply of both grain and rough !ed should be grown and consumed if the cattle. They should be kept veil-bedded In the barns and all straw stacks converted Into manure and re turned to the soil. A well-bred animal will not consume as much food as a scrub, and will always sell at a profit, even If sent to (he butcher. The best Individuals will bring a fair profit to the owner when sold for breeding pur poses. SAVE GRAIN IN FEEDING HOGS Two Troughs Conveniently Arranged That When Corn Is Devoured More Will Follow. Make two troughs six or seven inches wide and two and one-half feet long. Fit these troughs together so they will cross In the middle, writes J. E. Spencer of Mount Pleasant, Term., la the Missouri Valley Farmer. Make a chute five feet high, large at the top and six inches square at the bottom. Self-Feeder. to fit into the cross of the troughs, leaving it three inches from the bot tom of trough. Shell your corn and Pour Into the chute. As the hogs eat the corn In the trough more will fall down. The hogs' feed Is clean, and &o com is wasted. Raising Early Lambs. Th sole object In raising early lambs la to produce a fine animal of 8od size and flesh and get him to market at the earliest posible mo ment To do that requires good feed good care and good management . m tfle time he Is bern until lie U nt to market. Watch Unshod Colta. unshod colts need inspection of thw w occasionally, as they are likely te w more on one side than the other, r to develop too much toe. A' very 2l ra8Pln 1U keep feet liT' CW, Qnt,e Work for Mare. ll Wrk for the mar with' foal WOrl her' bUt 8he 8h0Uld forked for a week, before foaling. HOLD ON TO GOOD BREEDERS Pigs From Large-Copied, Old Sows Number More and Often Double In SU When Farrowed. (fly J. W. INGHAM.) Bows should be retained for a bcev br of years untU their places can b filled with their equals. It is wll known that the prcgt&y from mature parents are superior to those descended from young progeni tors not fully developed. Iioars and sows for breeding should be kept In a good -thrifty condition but not fat The writer has always b-a !roi b!"d to kf-ep his breeding os from becoming too fat and consequently farrowing a small number of scrawny Pigs. I once took a large sow to fatten for one-half the pork. I did not know ahe was with pig and fed her all the corn meal and wheat middlings she would eat. Imagine my astonishment and vexa tion when she bad three little dwarfed pigs not only smaller than pigs usual ly are wb-n first farrowed, but ema ciated. Sows for breeding should not be al lowed to run with the fattening bogs fed oa corn but kept in a pasture by themselves and given a plentiful sup ply of slop made of equal parts of wheat shorts, com zaeal and wheat bran. Most young aowi will breed when three months old IT allowed to run with a boar, but eight or twelve months Is as young as Is Judicious to breed them. The pigs from large-bodled, old sows will be more In number and frequently double the size of pigs from yount? sows when farrowed, and this with the same feed and care and will frequent ly weigh 50 per cent more at a year old. Not only this, but it stunts or dwarfs the growth of such young things permanently and they never at tain good size. GOOD FEED-RACK FOR SHEE? Grain Trough Placed Beneath Saves Chaff and Leaves, Most Nourishing Part of Feed. (By J. W. GOODWIN.) The rack Is made with a pole for the bottom rail and a piece of 2x6 inch scantling for the top rail. The crossbars are pieces riven from an old piece of timber. These crossbars are four feet long and about one and one-half inches In mem Feed Rack fer Sheep. diameter, shaved smooth with a draw-lng-knlfe. The holes In the top and bottom rails are made with an inch-auger. The crossbars are trimmed to fit the boles and then wedged to hold them The bottom rail is held in place against the side of the barn by two stripe of heavy sheet-iron which has been bent to fit around the pole. The top rail Is secured by a piece of half-inch rope which passes over a pulley located in a hole in the wall above the rack, a weight being at tached to the outside end of rope, serving to always keep the rack against the wall. When the hay is put in, the rack is drawn down, and when filled is pushed back against the wall, holding the hay in place closely and kept in place by the weight The grain trough placed beneath and In front of the rack serves as a receptacle for the chaff and leaves of the hay the best and most nourish ing part of the feed which would otherwise be pulled under foot and lost as food. Good cattle require good care and feed. Pigs should be grown on pasture aa nearly as possible. Never raise a colt from a naturally vicious-tempered mare. A couple of sheep In the front yard are as good as a lawn mower. Hog cholera in Kansas ia under con trol, at least for the present. Cough affecting young pigs very often is due to dusty bedding. Never sare a sow for a breeder unr less she has a large number of teats. It is absolutely necessary that the stallion should hare plenty of ezer- Pasture and exercise develop a strong frame that responds quickly to feeding. The boar should be an outstanding Individual, possessing all the mark ings characteristic of the breed. Borne owners of land in the far west claim they can raise 14 sheep to the acre on alfalfa and beet pulp. The stable that has plenty of pure air and well flooded with sunshine is most comfortable and healthful, A pure bred ram of the coarse wool breed crossed with Merino ewei pro duces a good lamb for early fat tening. . . V :; Some farmers do not realize the im portance of providing plenty of fait for all the different animals kept on the farm. , , . . . .... '-.- -. ar T" I LIVE: QJM WHY PURE BREEDS ARE BEST Well Kept Fleck f Tncreu;-fcra win w orw o fH3 na HSMf Than the Mongrels. j CBy ill IS. IL r. GIUNTRDJ The pra to ralsee chickens, turkeys, ducks or acy other fot nat ural'y frU a trrwuer prtdt axd terett la thoroughbred ttock a&d. th ;refore. kIt the fiock tetter rare than would be lives to coaxre!i. No matter what k.nd of birds yon hive, however, th time rale of good car fcTpHes. With the riicht klcd of rare and Interest your Cock will yield abundant satisfaction and goo3 iro2t and toth of the are felt to a xrater degree by the owner of the thorough bred fowls. Houses, yards and feed cost about the same for either mongrels or full bloods and a well kept flock of thor oughbreds always attract attention and admiration from neighbors, who are olt?n willing to pay a much bet ter price for egga for hatching pur poses from such stock than ordinary eggs will bring. Many buyers, every ae&aoe. get ei otllent results in the least expensive way by purchasing eggs from which to hatch pure bred stock. The breed best suited to your surroundings snd the purpose you wish them to serve should be selected. The best meat producer is not, as a rule, a good egg producer and so on, but with careful study of some of the breeds a buyer ought to be able to kiow how to se lect just what will meet his needs. PLYMOUTH ROCKS ARE FIRST More Marketable Than White-Feathered Chickens, Says Prof. Lip pi ncott of Karfa. The most, marketable breed of chickens ift the Barred Plymouth Rock. This decision, handed down a few days ago by V. A. LIppincott, professor of poultry husbandry at the Kansas Agricultural college, answers a question which long has been dis- Prize Winners. turbing the minds of poultry-raising persons. It will be a hard blow to the popular theory that white-feathered chickens are more in demand on the markets than any other breed. Doubtless 'you have stetod by that be lief all your life, and you may take exception to the ruling of the court. But white feathers don't count for all, the poultry professor says. And he has made, In packing centers, an investigation upon which to base his assertions. At to their marketable merit, Prof. Lipplncott ranks the various breeds like this: Barred Plymouth Rocks, White Wyandottes, White Plymouth Rocks, Black Lang shans, Leghorns, Brahmas, Cochins, Scrubs. Tellow shanks and yellow skin are demanded above everything else, the decision says. Further, the shanks must be clean and free from feathers. The body must be plump and of medi um size four to seven pounds, for roasting birds. The breeds that most nearly meet these requirements are the Plymouth Rocks, Wyandottes, and Rhode Island Reds. The reason such breeds as Buff Wyandottes and Rhode Island Reds do not appear in 'the list just given is because they have not been bred in sufficient numbers to make an impression on the market. Packers axe not acquainted with them. Look to the comfort of the fowls. Never feed whole corn except a evening. Direct sunlight is a great natural disinfectant. Don't neglect your chicks and fowls in hot weather. Hot, close weather brings lots of lice to the dlirty pen. It is a well-known fact that all hens are not good layers. . The hot, sultry weather is trying to both fowls and men. Don't crowd sleeping quarters. Keep fronts of houses pen. Hens and pullets do not thrive on the same kind of feed. Heat prostration is common in yards where there is no shade. Keep things clean. Use lice powder, lice paint and disinfectants freely. As soon s the hatching season is oyer all sale birds should be marketed. " Feed little, if any,' corn or other heating foods while the temperature is high. It takes a good pocltryman to keep up his enthusiasm when the weather is - hot. ; W : ; 4 :r, ''4' Success with poultry all depends on whether we hav eg producers or drones. ,.v -- l-RBBBflBTte CULTURE OF THE ASPARAGUS ECttt Rt-tf fr Kin.; , Cretn t to Dt Oay Wit sr Ct to gatfcer Ut tte ir;a grtw cstil jL Ko ih we4 4-w"6 tf a;;lyis. a thick cukh of ctr t& cafe. rotli leave cr gr.. If ibm little ty t 4ul early fa the &erth,5 ith dry a'rUckl llae. rarli gtrn Klattca sr.ay he ttt4 ta tad cf U3 We hate :as foti tke Urae !tl U pal ca as mcm as th slui aprar. Vm freh sir slacked Hn: asd dmt every c.crrltg until aU th worxs are kill!. As paragus grown from seed tsun be kept clean of grasa asd ei. std the soli drilow and rich. U diiutr4 urine from the slab lea. or bose aho I bate. on handful to every id laches cf row. says a writer In an exchange. The bet remedy for asparagus rust Is to cut the tops off clew to the ground and burn. Then ow a thick coat of air-ala.rked lime over the rows and give clean culture. All rust stalks should be gathered up and burnt. If any are left the tporea elll be b?own by the wind on to the new growth. To grow stout plaits from seed, thin out the plants to stand four inches apart !a the row. KILL OFF INJURIOUS WEEDS If Noxious Plants Are te Be Destroyed Work Must Oe Dene In THer oogh Manner. (By R. Q. WEATIIER8T0NB.) The presence of weeds oe many farms demands that mere rigorous measures be taken for their destruc tion. It is plain that so long as so few pastures, meadows and cultivated crops are used in rotation with grain the fanners will find it very difficult to keep the weeds In check. Summer fallowing mar destror labor during the entire season, when no crop ia obtained from It. Mustard, wild oats, pigeon grass. and French weed are among the worst The French Weed. weeds with which farmers have to contend. It is to be regretted that so far as the writer knows, no simple or prac tical method has been found that will surely and completely eradicate French weed. Some farmers have re ported methods that have proved suc cessful with them, but other farmers have tried the same methods and failed. Some few things have been learned by experiments, however. If this weed Is to be destroyed, the work must be done thoroughly. The weed produces seeds so profusely that If one plant Is allowed to go to seed a large area of surrounding land will soon be in fested. If there is one direction in farming in which thoroughness is required, it is In trying to destroy this weed. A slipshod way will not do, and an ounce of prevention Is worth a thousand pounds of cure. Farmers whose farms are free from the French weed should guard against its incoming with the utmost vigilance and care. GA1EN oA Notcs Cut the rye heads out of the wheat. Keep the cucumbers picked off each day. An Inverted clover soil is ideal for beans. If your onions are running to tops, breakdown the tops. Kerosene emulsion Is good or bad -for squash bugs. Keep the tomato vines off the ground, on supports of some kind. The first essential in fighting weeds in any crop is to keep ahead of them. I There is permanent satisfaction in the use of concrete equipment on the farm. A common rotation for large bean growing sections is clover, beans, wheat. The small hand-cultivator Is handy and saves much hoe work in every garden. - - - Experiments have proved - that beans yield better on old land than on new. Hay will be valuable again this year. Let none go to waste; mow ev ery corner. Be sure that rain-water barrels and cisterns are closely screened to keep out the mother mosquitoes. " The longer you stick to the culti vator between the corn rows the more corn you will have in the crib by and by. For cabbage worms use insect pow der mixed with flour in the propor tion of 1 pound of powder to 13 cf flour. Dust the plants well after caeb rain. Oar Si rt St tns$s-V.) T SScfe fix-US. f t Tl ;c of Nr?a CareUa. 7 JUtUf Znvt tm t&iar t-pjar tki4 at cf Tali pfr as.4 ta;iUfUM r aajisg at5t Educational Louisburg College North Carolina for Ytntng H'omen anj girl. Thorough Work ia Iiooka. Syts tvslhetic Training ia Manners a ad Moral Positive K chylous Tea ching and Training. Heaaa&t location and Spacious Orouada. Floe Health Record. Moderate Charyet. CM K?C1I 0 AV Iinixn 1CA1 EKDSsirrmn na, ttis. SESD FOR CATALOG, Utu him DATS AUK. Smlde&t L ALLO, Secretary. Louissimc. n. c TEZ KZm CAIOim CCLLTXE tf ASRICULTUn A)I0 UECHANIC AITS THE STATE'S IKDUSTMIAL COUXCE Four-year courses in Aertculture; ia Civil, Electrical, and Mechaniaal Ene ineering; in Industrial Chemistry; in Cotton Manufacturing and Dyeing. Two-year courses in Mechanic Arts and in Textile Art One-year and Two-year course in Agriculture These courses are both practical and scientific. Kk aminations for admission are held bv the County Superintendent at ail For catalog address THE REGISTRAR. West Raleigh, N.C. W A RR EN TON HIGH SCHOOL WARRENTON, NORTH CAROLINA. Course ol t d required for granting of certificate s1en hitet crln-U uniu In the l tt o( accredited tchooU o! The Uiertjr. I tptfwmrtl Faculty. All roardng pupil under theticBmediate ipmMNi ol lha Principle. Separate dormitory (o girl. l oUl eipeftaee lor year, IIP . For Catalogue address. BlilE'S CREEK ACADEMY and BUSINESS COLLEGE Prepares for College, University, or Business Special teachers in Charge of Elo cution, Art, TeleCTaphy, Business. Exceilent Music Course, Piano, Band. Voice, Strong Faculty of christian men and women. Good boarding arrangements, with dormitory for girls. 506 Students hst year, representing C5 counties, 6 States, snd Cuba. "One of the greatest schools In theState." Oov. R. B. Glenn. "Your school Is doing a blessedwork." Hon. J. Y. Joyner. "It is doing a high quality ofwork." President Alderman. "In many respects the best Acad emy In North Carolina." Rev. B. W. Spllman. "One of our greatest schools." Judge Pritchard. For catalogue and other information, address J. A. CAMPBELL. PRINCIPAL, - - DIKE'S CREEU. N. C The Agriculture and Mechanical CoIIeoe for the Negro Race. Open all the year. For males only. Strong Faculty. Three well equipped departments Agriculture. Mechan ical and Academic. Board, Lodging and Tuition $7.$9 per month. For Catalog or free Tuition, write PRESIDENT DUDLEY, GREENSBORO, N. C EAST CAROLINA TEACHERS TRAINING SCHOOL A State school to train teachers for the public schools of North Carolina. Every energy is directed to this one purpose. Tuition free to all who agree to teach. Fall Term begins September 24, 1912. For catalogue and other information address ROBT. H. WRIGHT, Pres., Greenville, N. C MEREDITH COLLEGE On of tbe few col!re for womea a the South tbt eoafra as A.B, 4(r representing- tour ?ers of tenuis eoleg-o work eeor4!as to Ih t4r4 of lb collere beloaries to the JLoc1tioo &f Colleges of tb Souther Ststeo. Diploma ore awarded taooo who complete the cooroe la tho &cbola of ITleoa. tlon. Art. and Music Library facilities exceUc&t. Systematic training- la PbysioaJ Eduaalloa. Courts for teasis a4 taskst-bsil. Board and furnished room fa Mala DuUdlng. boat, light. literary tuttloa. feo far physician asd nurse, aad all minor fees S22t.lt; la East Build las a4 CoiUkfoa, from f7 to 1ST less. 8tudenls not efferias th aeeeasary aits for eat rases may pre oar ta Msredlta Academy, which Is rated ta tbm A-Cias of the accroditod achsols of tas tcato Ual eratty. Both th Caller and th Academy rs located la ta oeater of RaleLga. boat ta Capitol aad leading- churches, so that culture, ta addlUoa to their reg-viar worst. fsUor taforamatlaaw addross H. T. VAX. Presides t, S72 TO U&O fy Board. E for the entire session of niae montis SesakMi opens Aog-ost tta. rrmTi rraTMnn ii ii i. .i n in. I ii. For Elostrated Catalog, wirte to W. D. BUSN Latwaslalc. FOUNDED 1838 CHARTED 1C59 TRINITY COLLEGE ITS STRENGTH LIES IN X LARGE, WEL1TRAINED FACULTY; EXCELLENT BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT; FULL, WELL-ARRANGED COURSES; EARNEST. HIGH MINDED STUDENTS; A LARGE AND LOYAL BODY OP ALUIlin "AND FRIENDS; NOBLE IDEALS AND TRADITIONS; AN INSPIRING HISTORY OF ACBIEVEIIENT AND SERVICE. Ntxt Session btsbuSeptembmr It, 1912. 54 St. !U Mar Ptt m) a t tetter f swr Nrt3a Ct !.a? Tilt ,t4i ik2rll W asasja ' t"jt la c--.5.rf vsy a 44i sa. Directory THE NORTH CAROLINA State Normal and Industrial College MIMi4 It m IV fM T H CrU rr. CWw I tvni-M u t fc u i if ttxe Is tam sua. ra i'iv - W is. tm fr tW-v t4 tor Mermtno . 4rmm JOrCf I rtOT. rYrsUrs. &T4Sere V C up sxxiArru. ia tit trata yea. eurtag spate usae. fee i Ooterasaeet poJUu m U 111 n poaalble lee steal poetUoa at a tarf r salary teaa torn art am gettlaa Wot toll la tons ulc on ww Ue owpa aad tuall U ' ir Waahtagtos) C3e H D HaaUy. 6npL. "1 C A. " Hub tagtoa. D C. OOo ft v. te sylvaala Avesee. N va Dear Sir: Fleaee imict- asatioa sa to hoe I rat hmyn tloal hy spare tleu tfti5t lea vis g suy ira . ..'. i ausitfi4. My same Is . Street asd rto Tewm asd State. ... JOHN GRAHAM. lYinrtpal. todeets aava naaay opsortaattSeo for For Catsiocaoy mmTtmnj - nAUZCHsfl c Tuition and Room Rami sit "A treat cbooi"-Helist C. Moore. Editor BtbUeal Racordsr. "4- maenfficeiit schooL" Cbarity sad CaUdrea. "IdeaUr locatad.w-ClerclaBd Star. Boardiaa sTitem oaiqa," C W. Pays or. Pastor of Lawmdsia aad Kew Bethal Bsprist rbvrthes Tkc keat aad cawqxat Scaaet la tae ftaa."EL M. Koosca.Bsats.bar of the Legislator, of ftorth Carolina. For C&iakiswM omd EZuiratad EcZlm