RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1913,
Sec. Bryan in California Trying to
Compromise Controrerty Between
That State and Japan
CALIFORNIA STANDS PAT
Danger of War With Japan la Iiein
- Talked in Some Quarters in Wadi-
ington Latent Involution in Mex- j
.,v w ... ronC
Foreign Investors in Mexico Are
Hufferinj; Heavily A Growing
Revolt Again.Ht the Democratic
Tariff Protect From Kvery Part
or the Country Contiuue to Pour
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, April 29, 1 i 1 3 .
The chief interest at the National
Capital to-day is centered around the
mission of Secretary of State Bryan
to California in trying to smooth out
or compromise the serioas contro
versy that has arisen with Japan.
The California Legislature seems to
be determined in passing a law abso
lutely prohibiting Japanese from
owning or leasing land in that State.
It is admitted that California, and
indeed f very State, has the right to
pass such a law, with reference to
the Japanese or any other foreign
ers, y( t Japan has protested so vigor- J
Olislv t h ;l t aiirh a lur wnuM ha an I
unfriendly act, that President Wilson
has beer moved to try to induce Cali
fornia to modify her positon, though
other States. Washington and Ari
zona, have passed similar laws.
Secretary Bryan has been sent
across the continent on this mission,
but it seems, from the reports from
California to-day, that his mission
has failed. Indeed, those who are
familiar with the situation predicted
from the beginning that it was a use
less trip for him to take and that he
and President Wilson could have had
as much, if not more, influence with
the State of California, it. such a I
radical and unprecedented step of !
sending the Secretary of State in per
son had not been resorted to.
There is a great deal of talk here
about the unprepared condition of
this country for war, and the danger
of Japan attacking us through the
Philippine Islands or in the Hawaiian
Islands. We do not believe there is
such danger, but it is noticeable that
such a proposition is being seriously
discussed at the capital and also
around some of the Executive De
partments. The Situation in Mexico.
The new and last revolution in
Mexico against the present govern
ment seems to be gaining in force
each day. If the opponents of the
present government could get to
gether, it would seem that they
could overthrow the Huerta regime,
within a few days. And even if we
are to judge the future by the past,
the success of the present revolution
would at once mean the starting of
a new revolution against whatever ! burned to death to-day in a fire that
new government might be formed. j destroyed two frame barracks occu
The damage that has been inflict- j Pied by non-commissioned officers of
ed and that is daily being inflicted j the Sixth Infantry and their families,
upon American citizens and their The victims were members of the
property, in Mexico, is enormous. I familv of Sergeant Schall his wife,
Similar injuries are, of course, being j
suffered by English, Canadian,
French, and other foreign citizens,
who have large investments in that
There is a growing demand that
this Government should intervene to
establish a stable government in
Mexico, as we did in Cuba, but the
propositions are so different that any
wise administration will hesitate to
take such a step.
The Growing Revolt Against the
Protest fromv every part of the
country continues to reach Congress
against the proposed Democratic ta
riff bill, which is now being rammed
through the House. Not only the
cotton and wool industries, but every
other industry, most seriously affect
ed, are sending large delegations
here and pointing out the injuries
and in many cases the ruin that will
result if such radical reductions be
come a law.
In this connection, however, it is
proper to suggest that as radical and
dangerous as the Democratic tariff
1)111 is, yet it is not as bad as the
Democrats promised or threatened to
pass If they were put in power. They
declare that "protection was uncon
stitutional and robbery." If this po
sition is sound, then there should
be no tariff duties that would result
in any protection to American prod
ucts ,and American labor. The only
excuse that the Democrats have
ver given for levying any tariff du
ties, was in order to raise revenue,
and they have always apologized
therefore and expressed regret that
any "incidental protection" would
Our Democratic friends now hare
the power to pasa an income tax law.
They have declared that this Is the I
fairest kind of tax to everybody, j
while the tariff duties have been de- '
nounced as the most unfair form of j
taxation. Therefore. from their j
atandpoint, they should abolish all i
i tariff duties and raise
j from the Income tax. '
j One thing is certain, however, and j
I that is, if the people had a chance to j
j vote again to-day, there would be no
danger of a Democratic admlnistra- ;
tion getting in power, even by acci- :
d(,nt Tnfs condItlon nas created
such a feeling in the country that
there is every evidence of the Repub-
lican elements getting together for
j common defence of the industries
; and prosperity of the country'- And
if they do, their forces will be large
ly augmented by tens of thousands
of disgusted Democrats.
It is clear that the next President
of the United States will not be a
To Place Free Sanitary Drinking
Cups on tfie Southern. !
Washington, D. C, April 26. Ar- ;
rangements have been made by the j
Southern Hallway to furnish sanitary I
individual drinkltig cups to passen-
gers on all trains and a large supply j
of cups of the collapsible paper type
has been ordered. As soon as the i
! cups have been received each con- !
ductor will be furnished with a sup-
! ply and any passenger desiring a cup
will receive one free of charge on ap
j plication to the conductor.
Furnishing drinking cups to pas-
j sengers on the large number of trains !
j operated by the Southern Railway j
j will involve a substantial expendi- i
j ture which is being undertaken to j
; provide for the convenience of pa- j
' trons of the railway. All common j
drinking cups have been removed
from trains in compliance with Unit- I
ed States Government regulations j
and the statutes and ordinances of j
many States and municipalities.
President Gets 9200,000 a Year.
The statement that the total sal
ary and allowances made to the
President come to. $260,000 a year
naf caused people al over the coun-
try to throw up their hands and ex
claim: "That can't be right." But
it is rightj The actual amount ap
propriated each year depends on
Congress and the figures vary some
what from year to year. For the
coming year the authorized expenses
as provided for in legislative, execu
tive and judicial bill are in round i
numbers as fellows: President's
salary, $75,000; clerk hire, $70,000; ;
contingent fund, $25,000; Presi
dent's traveling expenses, $25,000;
household expenses, including horses,
automobiles, etc., $25,000; fuel, $6,
000; care and repair of green
houses, $12,000; printing invita
tions, etc., $3,000; lighting White
House and grounds, etc., $9,000.
Total, $260,000. Union Republi
can. Family of
San Francisco, Cal., April 27.
Two women and three children were
her mother, and his three young
children. Schall made a frantic ef
fort to save his family and when at
length he was dragged from the
burning building, he lost control of
himself and was taken to the hos
pital under guard.
Epidemic of Measles in Randolph
County Death of Prof. Garner.
There is an epidemic of measles at
Asheboro and Why Not in Randolph
County. Mr. G. F. Garner, superin
tendent of the Why Not Academy
and Business Institute, died Sunday
afternoon after a three weeks ill
ness from measles and pneumonia.
Several deaths have occurred at
Woman's Suffrage Amendment.
Hon. R. L. Haymore, one of the
commissioners appointed by the Leg
islature to offer certain amendments
to the Constitution, on his way to a
meeting of that body, let it slip that
a woman's suffrage amendment
would be offered and intimated that
Hon. E. J. Justice was to be the
champion for women's rights. Mr.
Justice is a candidate.
Street Car Service Tied Up.
The street car service in Asheville
is tied up on account of a strike by
the conductors and motormen which
took place Monday morning, when
every car was turned in at the barns.
The company is now trying to oper
ate with strike breakers, but under
BRIEF NEWS ITEMS.
When the Montenegrin army en- i
tered Scutari last week they found j
the Turkish troops and population 5
Representative Bartlett, of Geor- f
gia, introduced in Congress Satur-)
day a bill to reduce letter postage to
one cent. " !
Memorial service of the Confeder- j
ate soldiers of the Civil War were j
held in many cities throughout the J
American recognition of the new
Chinese Republic will be delayed be
cause of the disorganization of the
Rev. K. D. Holmes, pastor of the
Steele Street Methodist Episcopal
Church, at Sanford, died suddenly
early Thursday morning.
Dr. W. D. Bigelow, Assistant
Chief of the Bureau of Chemistry
at Washington, resigned from the
Government service Saturday.
One hundred and twenty persons
perished in a mine explosion at Fin
leyville, Pa., Thursday. Some of
the bodies were horribly burned.
Simon Hicks, a negro of Lenoir
County, was killed a few days ago by
Jacob Dove, another negro. The
killing was without provocation. j
President Wilson will speak in '
New Jersey to-day and to-morrow in i
behalf of jury reform and a propo-
sition to call a constitutional amend- j
A bill was introduced in Congress
Saturday to create a Bureau of Pub
lic Highways, carrying an appropri
ation of $24,000,000 for use in the
Posmaster-General Burleson says
that all postmasters must work eight
hours a day. They will not be al
lowed to leave their duties for oth
ers to perform.
The Chief Inspector of the Inter
state Commerce Commission reports
that 10,000 persons had been killed
in wrecks in the United States dur
ing the past year.
Miss Annie King, a trained nurse,
was run down and fatally injured by
an automobile in Charlotte a few
days ago. Miss King went to Char
lotte from Statesville.
Nebraska has notified the State
Department at Washington of its ra
tification of the seventeenth amend
ment to the Constitution providing
for the direct election of Senators.
Secretary of State W J. Bryan
went to California Thursday to try
to persuade the California Legisla
ture to reconsider the proposed alien
land law, which is obnoxious to Ja
pan. By direction of Secretary of War
Garrison, the Panama Canal Zone
will be without saloons during the
coming fiscal year. At the present j
time there are thirty-five saloons in j
Three million six hundred and ten
thousand dollars was what floods in
the Middle West cost the Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company, according
to a statement issued by the com
Joe Sutton, a seventeen-year-old I
boy, of Waynesville, N. C, is in jail I
awaiting trial on the charge of at
tempting criminal assault on his
eight-year-old niece, who lives in a
remote section of Haywood County.
The one hundredth anniversary of
the birth of Stephen A. Douglas,
Democratic candidate for President
against Lincoln, was observed all
over Vermont last Wednesday. He
was the father of Judge R. M. Doug
las, of Greensboro.
James Bryce, for six years Ambas
sador to the United States from
Great Britain, said his farewell to
the American people in New York
Friday night and has returned to
England. Mr. Bryce made a fine rec
ord as ambassador.
Suffragists, for the second time in
a week, again stormed the Capitol
Saturday to argue why women
should have the ballot and be ad
mitted to suffrage on the same plane
as men, through the adoption of a
The Seaboard Air Line Railway
has awarded a contract for fifty lo
comotives of the "Pacific" type at a
total cost of about $1,000,000. Con
tracts for 1,000 box cars; 250 coal
hoppers, and 250 flat cars hare been
BILKINS IN WASHINGTON
- . o-il r . it
SU)or "ini KetDTOS Home AjalO
rf L J J
BILKINS STIRS 'EM UP
WUmki Merely StumMl Into a hm1
job IWum He Had Palled to
Keep Hb AcciWnt Policy in Good
fclaie Something About the Fed
eral Gunboats and Daniel AmttuI
dency in Politic -Some Ileal Mod
(Correspondence of The Caucasian-
1 Enterprise.) j
Bilkinsville. N. C. April 22. 1913.
I her jist got back from Washing
ton City an' will rayport the fruits
ov'my visit, hit bein' the second of
fense erlong that line since Col. Billy
Wlllson stumbled Into the Presidency
because he had failed to renew hiz
axident policy, or because he carries
the left hind foot ov a graveyard rab
biti I don't know which. When I
rode up to the White House on Bob,
they wuz sort ov a commotion
ermong the government police an' de
tectives who act az body guards ter
the President an' fambly, an' I wuz
afraid that Jodeseevus Daniels mite
ferget the record that hiz parental
ancestor, a native ov North Carolina.
Wijson County, made when he guid-1
ed the Yankees up the Neuse River j
an'- pinted out how the Yankee gun-1
boats could an did practically de-;
stroy the town ov New Bern, proceed
to Kinston, landed soldiers there an '
killed somethin' over twenty ov the
Citizens there, mostly men too old tc
be in the army an who had taken up
arms to try to protect their women J
folks an' children from awl sorts ov ;
outrageous conduct on the part ov i
the sailors an' soldiers aboard the!
Yankee fleet. The fleet then proceed- j
ed up the Neuse River az far az hitj
could an' landed a large detachment!
ov soldiers an' they proceeded az far
az Raleigh, whar they wuz another
fite with home citizens, some bein'
k!fc.d on both sides.. Those killed aM
New Bern were mostly buried there.
The home people killed at Kinston
sleep in that town an a beautiful
monument wuz erected and unveiled
there only a few years ago to keep
green the memory ov the citizens who
fell there. Just Souti ov the city ov
Raleigh, hardly a mile from the State!
capitol buildin', stands an old breast- j
works ov earth which had been hast-;
ily built in an effort to repel the Yan-j
kee invaders. But they proved too j
strong for the people ov Raleigh, an'
the Yankees captured the whole town
an' held hit for some months. The
Yankees killed there lie in the Fed
eral cemetery just outside ov the
eastern limits ov the city. Most ov
the defenders ov Raleigh (home cit
izens) lie in that beautiful spot. Oak-
wood cemetery, just outside ov Ral-j
eigh, dead, dead, dead. No braver, j
no better citizens ever lived. Dan-!
iels fajled to reach Raleigh,
I believe, but he did not fail to come!
far enough to lead the Yankee army!
well on their way toward Raleigh, j
Men branded as traitors in secular j
an Biblical history could hev shown j
better excuses for their treachery j
than could Daniels, whose belov-j
ed son, located at Raleigh some years!
ago to conduct an' alleged newspaper!
an' who, assisted by political hood-'
lums, red shirts ballot-box thieves,1
registration tricksters, a crooked, de-,
ceitful eleckshun law which iz known;
awl over the country az a law, if hitj
even deserves the name ov a law, I
man political trickery, though hit
wuz gotten up to bear (in appear
ance only) some ov the earmarks ov
fairness an' justice between man an
man an' between political parties.
The hands ov many ov the legislators
who passed the law were at the mo
ment stained with the crimson ov hu-j
man injustice instead ov the clear
waters from the fountain ov justice.
A few more or less good men were
caught in the vile net an' remain in
hit yet because they happen to be
lieve a certain way politically an hev
not the sense nor the courage to cut
loose from the net which wuz placed
so carefully for the sole purpose ov
entrappin' credulous mankind, which)
iz often easily done because many)
men are az silly, politically, az young;
birds in a nest, who know no 'better j
tnan to swallow each an every worm
offered by the mother bird. But
mother birds air generally regarded
az both sensible an honest an' so the
But you can't say az much for many
so-called men, many of whom are so
dishonest that they hope the bosses
will receive them, an then hit be
comes an easy matter, ov course.
The great sin ov the present age iz a
desire to be humbugged in some way
an the political bosses are proud to
do the job.
President Billy Wilson iz now hid
in' under a haystack in rear or the
White House bum .' I ts't c-t ties
to roroc out an' far esc 1 may be
to ch- hit ai up about thst t
T.1UH Ult N.I.K i nit: IIOI'M:
General Debate on the New lull
General debat- on the Iraocratlc
tarl.T bill In the Houw wound up
Monday night in a final outburst of
oratory. Iv-raocrats spent the da)
landing the measure, while alter
nately Republican and IroRreive
attacked its provision.
The Senate committee are get t lax
in shape to consider the measure.
Plowing by Moonlight in Meckleo
Mr. G. V. Kellar. a Mecklenburg
farmer, says the Charlotte Observer,
operates on his farm a 60-horse pow
er tractor, dragging twelve 2S-inch
disk uows and cutting a swath 12
feet wide and 12 inches deep. Dur
ing the moonlight nights Mr. Kellar
operated his plow at night as well as
day. The tractor cuts two acres an
hour, 4 8 acres in a day and night.
Mr. Kellar figures that It costs him
about 60 cents an hour, to operate
tho outfit. Only two men are re
quired to look after it. It does the
work of about forty horses. After go
ing over the land once Mr. Kellar
goes over It a second time, using two
eight-inch disk harrows, with forty
20-lnch disks, thus cutting up the
soil so that it will retain Its moisture
Two egTes Attack Conductor Sin
gleton on Norfolk Southern.
Conductor Singleton on the Nor
folk Southern was assaulted by two
negro passengers, John Moyle and
his father, Jim Moyle, who boarded
the train at Farmville Saturday af
ternoon. The negroes were boisterous
and when told to be quiet, the elder
negro drew a knife and slashed the
conductor across the back. John
Moyle then drew a revolver and fired
point blank at the conductor. The
bullet struck a belt buckle and
glanced off. The conductor was tak
en to a hospital when the train
reached Wilson. and the two negroes
were placed in jail.
Rocky Mount Girl Hah Miraculous
While at work in a cotton mill at
Rocky Mount, Eva Womble, thirteen
years old, was caught in the belting
and was carried over the shafting
and fell from the ceiling to the floor,
sustaining what were at first thought
to be serious injuries. The girl's
dress was hung in the belting and
when the power was turned on sud
denly she was carried up with the
belt, whirled over the shafting and
from there she fell to the floor. No
bones were broken and it is believed
she was not seriously injured.
Senate Votes for Additional Circuit
Judge for This District.
The United States Senate Monday
passed the bill authorizing an addi
tional Circuit Judge for the Fourth
Circuit with an amendment abolish
ing the judgeship made vacant by
the removal of Robert W. Archbald,
who had been assigned to the Com
merce Court. The fourth circuit in
cludes the districts of Maryland,
West Virginia, Virginia, North Car
olina, and South Carolina.
Prominent Tarboro Man Sentenced to
Iload for Retailing.
'Tarboro, N. C, April 29. R. H.
Denton, one of Tarboro's most prom
inent business men, was Monday
sentenced by Recorder Pender to
twelve months on the roads for sell
ing liquor, the sentence following
the biggest raid ever made In the
State, it is declared. Thirty-nine
barrels of liquor were found at Den
ton's livery stable, the stuff being
valued at $2,000. Denton appealed
to the Superior Court and his ap
pearance bond was fixed at $2,000.
Politics the Curee of Pensions an
Well as Public Schools.
There are Confederate veterans in
Lincoln County worth $10,000 who
draw pensions. Others have been
turned down because they were
worth over $500. Why? Wherever
the fault lies it is a piece of injus
tice that is aggravated and gross.
We believe every soldier should have
a pension, or none of them.
A Monopoly Hidden State.
The railroads have robbed our peo
ple of $6,000,000 a year for a num
ber of years in excessive rates, to say
nothing of the vast capital that has
been kept out because ' of high
freight rates, and the Democratic
party is chargeable as accessory af
ter the fact, in this crime upon the
people of the State.
MARCHED UP THE HILL
And Tbea Marched Down Afiia,
Wu tfe Rets oi ih
NO AGREEMENT WAS REACHED
tlailriMMl Turn lw Hi! prf
Un and nSrt That Vie4ti
IVHtsht lUte t VwbtnlUed Ia !
terM4r CutnffirnK t Vxn ml
lUUrod llm lUfr .ked fur
Would Kuln Their lUttlsmi Mr.
Trail Claim IVrrrttce of Prflt
of IUmmU ia Tlsi Sou tifwrirr
Titan An where Kle 'rTrm-r
Akrd to i all IUm Nrki of
The to das conference
j r-preentative of the railroads oper
fttinjc In this State and the sprial
j lepUlatite committer and lioternor
I Craig In regard to cbeaper fr!thi
j rate In North Carolina raine to a
close itri!a) afternoon without
having accomp!ihetj anfth!n Tht
; railroads refuted th propositi of
i the special committer and augKfttrnl
that the question be submitted to the
Interstate Commerce Commission
Governor Craig asked ty some
of the shippers prent at the confer
ence to call a special session of the
, I-Ki!ature within thirty days to
consider the question of freight
rates, but the Governor did not Indi
cate his position as to a spcial ses
sion. IjArge Number lrenl.
j Quite a number of shipper from
; all over the State were on hand Tues
day morning when th reprenta
itives of the railroads, the special
committee appointed by the last I-r-.ielature,
and Governor CralR. met in
'the Senate chamber to discus the
'matter of freight rates to point in
this State. The railroads rejected
the proposition which had been ub-
mitted to them at the last confer
j ence on April 19. After being in con
i ference for several hours the rail-
roads asked until noon yesterday for
I a final conference. At the meeting
(yesterday the railroads stated they
could not accede to the wishe of the
'committee and suggested that the
matter be referred to the Interstate
I Commerce Commission, saying this
tribunal would have to pass upon it
anyway. Mr. Travis, Chairman of
the Corporation Commission, said
this had been done before and at
that time the representative of tho
railroads showed a wllllnitneaa to
treat with the State. Mr. Travis fur
ther stated that the net earnings, per
ton mile, of the railroads in this
State was greater than anywhere
Mr. Norman Johnson, editor of the
Merchants Journal, speaking for the
Merchants' Association, said the fail
ure of the railroads to concede to the
committee's proposition was nothing
short of damnable. (Governor Craljc
suggested this language was not ex
actly parliamentary.) Mr. Preston,
speaking for the Charlotte shippers,
said they were ready to keep up the
fight for better freight rates. The
committee stated that they didn't
want to bankrupt the railroads, but
simply wanted to be put on an equal
footing with Virginia in the matter of
Governor Craig, in adjourning the
rate conference yesterday afternoon,
told the representatives of the rail
roads the people of North Carolina
would get Justice by lawful means
and pledged himself to appeal to the
Just what kind of an appeal ho will
make to the people the Governor did
not say. He did not say he thought
of calling an extra session of tb
Legislature, though some of the ship
pers asked him to do so.
Sunday Funeral Abolished.
The Catholic priest in Bridgeport.
Conn., has denounced that there will
not be acy raore Sunday funerals
among the Catholic in that city ex
cept In emergency cases. He thinks
the grave-diggers should rest on the
Green County Hatband KilU His
Claud Goff. of Snow Hill. Greece
County, was shot and fatally wound
ed by his cousin. Joseph Goff, Sun
day night. Joseph Goff claims the
deceased made Improper proposal! to
3.0O0 Persons Rendered Hotnies
J by Break in Levee at Kt. John.
Eight hundred acres of the finest
farming land In Mississippi were
flooded and 5,000 persons are ren
dered homeless by a break in the
levees at St, Johns Monday. The
break will relieve the pressure at
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