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..." 7' I i J V 0. J 7 ilil ii VJti; 3 in 3 WAX. - ; m' M 10 !1 .-: ... i . . . il ! ,t .4 This Paper is 35 Yeabs.Old , CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY, AUGUST 5; 1887.. 1 VOLUME XXXVI. NUMBER 1823 i, 1 !:'): 7 -" X x- I I 1 1 1 -. AT I I I Iff ' t m t in s. w i I it i jr rE? n fii v 1 H r- " ' , -. It III I If r -, II lit tit !1 :: i i '. ' ! I'll I ill 1 1 ' J J - ; i - . at-1 THE CHABLOTTE DEMOCRAT, PUBLISHKD KTBBT FeIDAT BY , YATES & STRONG. Tbbm& One Dollar and Fifty Cents for 1 year. One Dollar for 6 months. ' Subscription price due in advance. ' ' ' Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte, N V., as aecond class matter," according to the rules of the P. O. Department. CENTRAL HOTEL, ( Under New Management CUARIOTTE, K.C. Newly Furnished and Equipped In the best style. Hot and Cold Baths. Patronage solicited. Give ua a trial. Rates, $3 and 2.50 perday. SCOV1LLE & BROOKENBROUGH, Proprietors. Feb. 26, 1887. y J. P. McCOMBS, M. D.t Oflew hi9 professional services to the citizens of Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls, both night and day, promptly attended to. Office in Brown'9 building, up stairs, opposite Charlotte Hotel. Jan. 1, 18S5. Dr. Annie L. Alexander, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Practice limited to diseases of WOMEN and CHILDREN, and attention to Female patients. Office, at Mrs Latham's, 214 South Tryon street, nearly opposite the Post Office. Charlotte, May 27, 1887. tf .. BUB WELL. P. D. WALKER. BTJRWELL & WALKER, Attorneys at Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal Courts Office in Law Building. Jan. 1,1884. HUGH W. HARRIS. Attorney and Counsellor at Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Will practice In the State and Federal Courts. Office, First door west of Court House. Oct. 17. 1885. HERIOT CLARKSON, Attorney-at-Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C, iVill practice in all the Courts of this State. Prompt attention given to collections. Nov. 7, 1885. tf P.. I. OSBORNE. W. C. MAXWELL. OSBORNE & MAXWELL, AttOirrieys at Law. CHARLOTTE, N. C. Lrv ill practice in the State and Federal Courts. tW Offices 1 and 3 Law Building. July 3, 188S. y HAMILTON C. JONES, Attorney at Law. ClIABLOTTB, s N. C. Will practice in the State Courts, and in all the Federal Courts in the Western District. Jan. 8,-1886. y G. P. BASON, Attorney at Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal 'Courts. Office No. 16, Law Building. Jan. 14, 1887. y . DR. M. A. BLAND. Dentist. CHARLOTTE, N. C. 'Office iu Brown'i building,,! opposite Charlotte Hotel. Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth. Feb. 15. 1884. DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Practice Limited to the EYE, EAR AND THROAT. Jan. 1,1884. HOFFMAN & ALEXANDER, Surgeon Dentists, CHARLOTTE. N. C. Ulllce over A. R. Nisbet & Bro's store. Office flours irom a a. M. to 5 P. M. Jan. 1,1880. . B. SPKING8. E. B. BUB WELL. SPRINGS & BTJRWELL. Grocers &, Commission Merchants, Cor. College and 4th Sts., CHARLOTTE, N. C. Jan. 1, 1837. ' S- S. BURWELL, E. B. SPRINGS, . A. LEE Burwell, Springs & Lee, COTTON BUYERS, Charlotte. N. C. Offices at Chambers old Livery Stable, and at r ? - -uiBci, oiore, on uoiiege street near the Cotton Platform. in Ann i " 7""cjuu sen. no waui 10,000 Bales Cotton this season for direct ship ment to Ltvemnnl. anA n-n ..n : Ln nan la see nt hnfn.. i tit . 1 -nuiuHv realize mai 10 eet it we must nav fall mt.; : . . ratf it. m ft v ntv vin tn in. nn ' , ..J l' J J v' v DVW 3. 24,1886;" S1KING3 LEK BAKERY. Havm? secured the services of one of the very best of Bakers, I am prepared to furnish Bread iuu ctiij hULii iu me naKeiy line S. M. HOWELL Feb. 1 1, 1837. , , , , i r , j East Trade 8treet KING'S Blood and Liver Pills. Kinrr's Pilla urn nAnnltarlv mrtnnlaA In v lOWinff DiafiftSPfl Rilinni Tnt-Armlftant T- mittent Fevers, Sick Headache, Piles, Indiges ""u, vuawvenesa, uoiic. jaundice, uropsy Dysentery, Heartburn. Loss of ADoetite. Dva PP'a. Diseases of the Liver, Kidneys and Bladder, Eruptions of the Skin, Nervousness, ana all Disorders that arise front a Diseased ui ver or impure Blood. For sale by BURWELL & DUNN, Druggists, April 15, 1837. Charlotte, N. I A Chemical Milestone. The dis covery of a ' new gas is a rare and inv portaut event to chemist. Such a dis covery has been announced in Germany by Dr. Theodore Curttas, who has suc ceeded in preparing the long-sought hy dride of nitrogen, amidogen, diamide, or hydrazine, as it is variously called. This remarkable body, which bas hitherto baffled all attempts at isolation, is now shown to be a gas, perfectly stable up to a very high temperature, of a peculiar odor differing from that oi ammonia, ex' ceedingly soluble in water, 'and of basic properties. In composition it is nearly identical with aramouia, both being com pounds of nitrogen and hydrogen. To Exchange for Oats or , COTTON SEED. One Thoroughbred Jersey Bull Calf entitled to be registered, traces to Bomba, St. Helien, Eurotaa 1 w ice i Room nasi a (the Parana Stephens Cow.) None better bred. One Bull Calf, three-fourths Jersey and one fourth Ayrshire, and one very fine Heifer Calf, half Jersey and half Ayrshire. Also, four pure bred 8outhdown Buck Lambs. The Cotton Seed can be delivered this Fall. S. B. ALEXANDER, July 29, 1887. P. O., Charlotte, N. C Administrator's Notice. Having qualified as Administrator of the Estate of David W. McDonald, deceased, I hereby notify all persons holding claims against said deceased to present the same to me on or before July 20th, 1888, or this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recoveiy ; and all per sons indebted to said deceased are requested to make prompt payment. JNO. R. ERWIN, July 15, 1887. 6w Administrator. ATTENTION ! FARMERS!! We are now ready to buy WOOD for our Factory. Parties having Hickory and White Oak to sell would do well to call on us. CARSON BROS., lm Charlotte, N. C. July 8, 1887. Executor's Notice. The undersigned having been duly qualified as Executor of the last Will and Testament of Mrs Susan Spratt Finch, before the Probate Conrt of Mecklenburg county, on the 24th day of June, loo, nereDy notmes all persons holding claims against the Estate of his Testatrix, to present the same to him for payment on or before 20th July, 1888, or this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recovery. All persons indebted to said Estate will make payment to him. K. 8 FINCH, Executor of Mrs 8usan 8. Finch July 15, 1887. 6w Hood's Sarsaparilla And all the leading PATENT MEDICINES ior sale Dy It. H. JORDAN & CO. March 26, 1886. ATTRACTIONS And Real Benefits for the People. Everything that belongs to Summer Goods marked down to prices never before heard of in this section. Come and see them, and you will be con vinced of the truth of what we claim. Come Early, And thus secure the cream of the many bargains we are daily offering. E. L. KEESLER & CO. June 3, 1887. GROCERIES AND Provisions. Don't forget that we are at our new stand on College street and still alive. We are very near "HEADQUARTERS" for Goods in our line. 8PRINQS & BURWELL. 100,000 Founds OF RAGS WANTED. Paid in Cash or Trade, at ROSS & ADAMS' Book and Stationery Store, No. 17 8. Tryon St. July 9, 1886. HARDWARE! HARDWARE!! New Stock, Low Prices. We are rapidly filling our large and handsome New Store with New Goods to reDlace Stock destroyed by the fall of our building 14th May last. i. The Merchants of the surrounding countrv have only to give us a trial to be convinced that we arc selling Hardware as low as any bouse in me state. HAMMOND & JUSTICE. Oct. 9. 1886. . A. R. & W. B. NISBET, Wholesale and Retail Grocers and Confectioners, Djzalerb in Tobacco, Cigars, Musical Instruments, &c CHARLOTTE, N. C. The best stock ef Groceries, Confectioneries Prize Candies, Toys, Musical Instruments, Strings, Tobacco, Cigars, Snuff, Wooden-Ware Paper Bags, Canned Goods, Glass jellies, Crack ers, Powder, Shot, Salt, &c, in the city, will be iouna at our Wholesale and Retail Store. Call and see us befpre buying. A. R.& W.B. NISBET Bread, Cakes and Pies Of every description. Hot Rolls every even ing at S. M. HOWELL'S BAKERY. Sept. 17, 1886. Trade Street Lanterns. &c We have the Improved Tnbular Lantern ; also the Buckeye, with Double Globes. R. H. JORDAN & CO. Dr. Scott's iElectric Hair ? Curler immediately crimps, bangs or curls the Hair to any desired shape. If or sale by R. H. JORDAN & CO. ! Dodge's CHICKEN CHOLERA CURE. A certain Cure for Cholera, for sale by W. M. WILSON & CO.. Charlotte, N. C BudweU's Emulsion Cod Liver Oil at r W. M. WILSON & CO'S. - ? ! Butter Color' l'or making Yellow Butter. - j , ' " W. M. WILSON & CO.. March 18, 1887. Druggists- ' ' ; ' Sometime. ;y ; Sometime, tired , heart of mine 7 J, , . :'y . Yoa shall have a long, Jong rest, . .And the quiet evening sun, ,tl. f Sloping outward to the West, ,.' , Creeping in the casement wide, , , Shall look OQ a quiet breast; . .' 7 Though, the birds may coo and call . As the, deeper shadows fall . t s . You may rest. ( 3 Sometime, patient eyes of minf," M , You may take a long, long sleep; ' "Though the early morning sun All along the wall shall creep, Waxen eyelids will not lift Erom thd watching which they' keep; Though a sunbeam overbold, ' Seek to part your curtain's fold r' : ' . - . You may sleep. ' Someiime, striving bands of mine, There will be a long, long peace; . . . Loosened irom .the tasks. yoa hold, ;; - v Into new and sweet release, Other hands must place you close, - In a dumb amen for grace. Eveu love's touch, soft and warm, Dare not break such prayerful form ; Of your peace. , , . Sometime, restless feet of mine, There will come a long, long day, When you need not cross the sill . From the flushing till the gray; -Other steps must bear you forth To the place where clay is clay, Though I led you out at light, They will bring you home when night Ends our day. ... Wedding Presents. The Chicago Mail quotes a sensible father as saying: ''No, Bir; when my daughter is married there thall be no big wedding ii my counsel is of any weight," said a prominent and wealthy business man a few days ago. "My daughter's fu ture happiness is dearer to me than my life, and for that very reason I object to a big wedding. 'Why,' did you aek? Sim ply because a big wedding means a dray load of presents for her, and consequently a burden of obligations that will last her a life time. Only a little while ago a young lady was married in this city, and at the ceremony was the recipient of 225 wedding gifts. Think of it, 225 obliga tions to begin housekeeping on! Each one of those 225 presents means au obliga tion which will last not only during this generation, but the next and the next. Each giver will either marry or have a daughter or a son or a nephew marry, and this bride, with her 225 presents, will hear of the wedding and, to be fair, will have to send a present in return. Some of the presents mayhap, come from a big family of girls, one present for 'the family. As each girl is married oft she will expect something for the investment she collec tively made at this 225 wedding, and will be disappointed if she does not get it. No, sir, 1 can make by daughter all the presents she wants, and I m delighted that I'm able to do it, and for it she owes me nothing; in fact, she is my daughter and I owe her everything." PIEDMONT SEMINARY, Lincolnton, Lincoln Co., N. C. A School for both sexes. Wide awake and up with the times. Thorough, practical and relia ble. Prepares for College or for Business. The success of our pupils our best advertisement. Location healthy. Of easy access by Railroad JMext session begins tne last Wednesday in August, 1887. We want you to see a Circular. Please send for one to D. MATT. THOMPSON, July 29, 1887. 6w Principal CHARLOTTE FEMALE INSTITUTE. No Institute for Young Ladies in the South has advantages superior to those offered here in every department Collegiate, Art and Music. Only experienced and accomplished Teachers engaged. The building is lighted with Gas, warmed with the best wrought-iron Furnaces, has Hot and Cold Water Baths, and first-class appointments as a Boarding School in every respect no school in the South has superior. For Catalogue, with full particulars, address : Rbv. WM. II. ATKINSON, July 22, 18S7. . lm Charlotte. N. C PEACE INSTITUTE, Raleigh, N. C. The Fall Sesbion commences on the first Wed nesday in September (6th day) and ends the first Wednesday in J unc, loss. Every department of instruction filled by ex perienced and accomplished Teachers. Building, the largest and most thoroughly equipped in the State. Heated by Steam, and Study Hall lighted by Electricity. Soecial rates for two or more from same family. . ? . For Circulars and Catalogue, address Rev. R. BURWELL & SON, July ,8, 1887. 2m. .. . Raleigh, N. C, ! Greensboro Female College, , GREENSBORO, N. C, The Sixty-Fifth Session of this well equipped and nrosoerous School will begin on the 24th of August, 1887. Faculty able, accomplished and iaithiuL instruction tnorougn. ijocauon neaim ful. Fare good. ' Special advantages offered in the Departments oi Music, Art, Elocution, ana uioaern languages Charges moderate, iror uataiogue appiy io T. M. JONES. June 24. 1887. 2m President. FILES! Water Closet Seat, a new and valuable device no pay. For further information apply to: ; , ; t , E. NYE HUTCHISON, M. D.. Charlotte, July 22, 1887. Agt. for Patentee. GROCER I E S, ET C THE BEST STOCK or Heavy, and Fancy .Groceries, 'COtfFECTrONEKIS.4 Fruits jjCanned ; Goods, etc, can be found at " A. R. & W. B. NISBET To Farmers and Merchants. 3,000 Retail. pounds Blue Stone, Wholesale and W. M. WILSON & CO., Ready-Mixed Faints. Averill Ready-Mixed Faints are considered the best. For sale by W. M. WILSON & CO., Sept. 10, 1886. Druggists - Where Bats - Spend the .Winter. ' :15ats in cold .climates hibernate; during the winter, says a-, writer in the San Fran cvsoo Call; in other words, they are , na-, bled to enter a dormant state and live for months without eating. ; . So complete Js this feleep that in cases examined the, most delicate lust mraeut failed to detect breath- ng on the part of the animal, and in an other instance the bat was placed under water without any apparent barm result og from' the extended ' bath.' The deep steeps are generally passed ' in ' trunks of trees or caves, and In the'9 latter,, myriads of bats are often found. As soon as the Insect supply is cut off, at the commence' ment of cold weather, the bats take to. the caves, and do uot appear until Spring; but in the country they are out al! winter, perhaps retiring unusually cold spells. Bats have their value and devour a' large number of insects, from the mosquito to the larger foTmB.,s.S&me of the1- American ndiana do not object'jto roast bat, : and the big fruit bats of the' Indian peninsula are considered great luxuries by the na tives. As these animals have a stretch of wings five feet, it must require no little moral courage to eat one. In the early geological ages some remarkable batlike oreature existed, though they were in re ality reptiles; yet some found east of the Rocky Mountains were, as far as appear ances go, enormous toothless oats, une American form bad a vpread of wing twen ty-two feet. The remains of one of these giants can be seen in the museum of Yale College, with another from Europe that is doubtless the most remarkable flyer ever discovered or even thought of. Unlike its American cousin, it was small, and resem bled a bat with a pelican-like bill armed with sharp teeth. The tail, however, was the most wonderful feature. It was lon ger than the body, and terminated in a veritable paddte that was a fao simile of a tenuis racket, and served this curious fly er as a rudder. The Time to Work. ; The time to work is when the opportu nity presents when we are able to work, when the nerves are steady, the step elas tic and the eyesight dear. "Man is fearlully and- wonderfully made " and there is no telling how soon a part of the intricate and delicate mechan ism may set out ol order, permanently it may be, and then our usefulness is im paired, it not gone torever. then come vain longings for neglected opportunities and deep regret for misspent days and months and years. But to you these days are gone, and the sweet flowers of oppor tunity will bloom for waiting hands that are ready to pluck them. ' Generations ago. the poet told the world of a sly thief that was robbing men ol val uables more precious than silver or gold, and yet this same thief with brazen face stalks abroad over the land to-day as bold- y as did he in the days of did. His vie time, too, are more numerous than ever. The name of this wonderful rogue is Pro crastination "the thief of time." He is sly fellow, too, and such a flatterer. How he tickles all sorts of folks and makes tbetn believe that they are so smart that they need not be in a nurrv. ttiat they can ac complish a great deal in a little while, and there is no nse to be in a hurry they have lots of time yet time to throw away aud to spare. , vreat naiierers are apt : to pe bier liars, and Mr Procrastination is not an exoeption. lake the tide at its nood, il you cam 13ut do not let precious opportunities go by unimproved. Ihe spectator. . . Playing it very low Down.' A man from Minnesota moved to Dako ta this week and bought a farm a few miles from Sioux Falls. He was just set tied, when, day belore yesterday, a man with a book under his arm leaned over the fence and said: "Just bought this land, stranger?" "Yes." v "Mighty fine farm." T "Must be worth $2,000." "More'h that. I paid $3,000 for It.' it, Then there are indications of coal on which are alone worth $5,000." "That's so?" Yes, sir. There's coal on it sure. Then the new railroad is going to cross one corner and a town is platted there now. I consider my farm worth $15,000 of any man's money." i n..; ! ..; ( "Fifteen thousand, hey?" 1( . - - t - "Yes, sir, $15,000 at least I woulds't take a cent less. What are yoa patting down in the book?", , . . . "Oh, nothing much.; . You seel am the assessor., ' Other farms around . here , ain't worth more'n fifteen hundred or two thou sand, but I've just put yours down at the figure you mentioned, seein's yoa insist. Oood morniu' sir, glad you've, moved in to the neighborhood. Dakota JSelL . , i, . . : - Men who complain most loudly about the inequalities of the human lot are generally a little , blind .to those great stores of wealth and blessing that no class can monopolize, aud no wealth can buy. a good opening: I will sell a halt interest in my BOOT AND SHOE STORE, to an active man of eocd busi ness record. . Purchaser must have Ready Money. The business has amounted to $ 65,000 a year retaiL The House is well established, and 1 deal directly with the Manufacturers of National reputation. Proposals open until Sept. 1st. W. W. PEGRAM. 16 South Tryon street. Charlotte, N. C. July 29, 1887. , North Carolina, Mecklenburg County. In the Superior Court Before J. M. Morrow, Clerk. T . J. Dulinand wife Mattie A. Duhn, Geo A. Ballard and wife Susan L Ballard, FlaintiHa, ' . Against , Alice Furr. Florence Lilly Furr. Wm. Clarence Furr. Virgil Furr and Jas. Furr, Defendants. To the Defendants above named : , You are hereby notified that this is a special oroceeJinz to obtain partition of Land in which you are interested as tenants in common; that the cause will be heard oa Monday. 12th day of September, A. D. 1837, at my office in Charlotte, N. C, at which time and place yoa are required to appear and answer or demur to the complaint herein hied, this JUiy otn, IB37. . -, -" " 7 ' 1 . Z ' J. H. MORROW, I July 15,1887. ,6w " . Clerk Superior Court Tar-Heel Squirrels. , , , . , . A farmer named Corner of Roane coun ty. " v a., nas invented a new. plan to catch squirrels, which, has proved, a,, great success, lie has a large corn-field which borders on. the woods, and ? which the squirrels have, almost devasted daring the past season. Having hit upon a plan, he first watched the animals, and found that when tht-y had made a. raid and retired they retreated to the woods . almost inva riably along one particular line of, fence. Having learned this fact, Corner covered the top rails of. that line of fence with tar; patting on a heavy coat. .This he did . in . the evening, and m the morning when he went to tbe held he. saw a long line, of squirrels running along the fenee toward the . They, succeeded in clearing the fenle, bat when they struck the. woods the leaves aud sticks staoh to their feet so 1 badly. that they could'not climb the , trees nor ran very, f n&xw ion t he, leaye.v Xhe nrst .capture amounted to twenty-seven quirrels. and within a week Corner had killed aud captured over one hundred squirrels by his unique device. , . Scarcity of Birds. . . : Who that lives in tbe country does not notice in the . last few - years a great scarcity of small birds? The mocking bird formerly built her nest in tbe trees around the Southern farmers' home and sang merrily every spring to amuse tbe family where she was hospitably treated. Numerous other birds made their appear ance near Southern homes and on South ern larms in the enrios and remained all summer a merry, happy, singing, twit tering, nervous crew that everybody ad-. mired, lhey oome and sing no more boy6, hunters, negroes have killed them foi spoat and to cook and eat! Their wings, heads and whole bodies in count less thousands have been sold for orna- meuts to gratify female pride and vanity. We never see a lady's bonnet bordered with the carcasses or wings of slaughtered songsters of the forest that it does not re mind us of the coffin and the sepulchre. Paul Jones, the leading and able writer for the Southern Cultivator, says "Cotton seed meal is a highly nitroge nous manure, tends to make abundant foliage, and other things being equal, re tards maturity. As lailure to manure is one of the defects of first year's new ground, large doses of cotton seed meal do not seem indicated. - But on the other hand, as cotton grows off slowly on Buch land, something to give il a good start-off is desirable. Phosphates in - moderate quantities seem to hasten maturity in vir tue of its Beed-prodncins tendency. Henoe a little meal and a fair amount of phos phates seem indicated for a first' years new ground.' "Thirty pounds of meal and one hundred and fifty pounds of "phos phates for an acre might be used. For the second and third years new ground no special difference in the proportion be tween meal and phospbate is called for. Fifty pounds of meal and one hundred and fifty pounds of phosphate per acre will answer. For old, worn land the quantity of meal may be largely Increased, say one hundred pounds of meal to one hundred and fifty pounds of phosphate." -. ' - m - Coins, is thk Mouth. The Boston Herald says on the subiect of ladies and others using the mouth to hold coins: "It is quite common among women, who, un der such , circumstances never seem to have quite hands ' enough, and so they press their mouths into service to do what is not only a vulgar thing, but absolutely filthy. The nickle which is ' taken from the purse may have recently left a 'hand unwashed since it fondled a child 'dying with diphtheria or other infectious disease. Or it may have come from the hand ot a man suffering with tbe most loathsome of disorders. : None will doubt but the habit in question is thoughtlessly indulged, bat ii you nave u, oreaic yourseu oi u, ana, never again be guilty of such atrocity." Beowx Reins or Saddle Leather. Unstained leather may be colored a fine chestnut brown by treating it daily for a week or more with a solution of pine and alder barks. The bark is leached with ram water, usinar. by balk, ten times as much water as ground bark, returning the water to the leach until all the coloring matter is extracted from the bark." The leather is then laid into the water, and allowed to remain until wet, then hang up to dry. By repeating the process three or four times, a fine color is secured v ' . mi Idlf" The eight longest rivers in the world accoidinc " to the calculations of Maj. Gen. A. Von Tiblio of Germany; are as follows: Miasoari-MisBissippi, 4,194 miles; Nile, 4,020; Yang-tse-Kian, 3,158; Ama - zon, 3,063; Yenesei-Scangs, 2,950; Amor, 2.950; ; Congo, 2,883; 1 Mackenzie 2,868, The ' length of tbe Missoari-Mississippi is taken from-, the report of Messrs Hum Dhrevs and Abbott. Kloders estimates it at 3,658 miles." "Why haven't I a 600-acre farm as well as that man riding .by in his carriage?" veiled a red-nosed anarchist orator as be glanced at the crowd. - "Because he saved $600 and bought his larm when it cost him one dollar an acre, and yoa poured your $600 down your throat," responded a man on tbe back seat, - and the orator asked no more conundrums. Chicago Tribune. ' ' EST The coast of Norway is sinking gradually, while that of Sweden is emerg ing more and more, and the Baltic is be coming shallower." Land-marks on tbe Swedish coast by the celebrated natural ist, Linnseas, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, show that the Up- . . i e r r heavai raises mat coast aDout iour leei in tbe course of a century. ; ' 12?" The son "of a butcher had great difficulty in fractions, although his teach er did his very best. . ".Now let as sup- nose. said the teacher. that a customer came to vonr father to bov five Doands of meat ' and vour father bad only fonr to sell: what would he dot" "Keep his hand was the candid answer. lr.'Want less than yon have, and yoa will always have more than you want. S k f ,j!Itine.juigiiiia sparrow, ,-li P auaay jt igv ws urst maae -in- ao-1 qoawtanos of the sparrow, and wo were I fascinated' by his'sauoy, contented d rol-1 fciy. ii, wu in juunuon, ana jast oatsiaei iuh wuiuow vuam wnico oar s'.uaieswere i )yuu w ub eirrieu on. was a leaaen i rooi wnereou could be observed at every 1 hoar the domestic manners and social cus toms of these restless little rascals. We were never Hired of their ' antics their tempestuous love 'making,- their indefati gable hoBsekeeping, their- petulant quar rels, ehirp-tongued 'and sharped-beaked i too; and they cast shrewd little glances irom time to lime at as with much tbe ex pression o; a party oi savages making merry near the great idol of some ' divini Americans, .k; ty. . bince those days, like most other we have become rather blase on this subject, iess responsive to the I sparrow? advances, and have finally come I lo consider him no better thaat winged j rat. la fact he is in one respect a good 1 deal worse, for he is doing what the rats I cannot do. driving oar song birds 'from 1 bueir luiuicr uiuuti luvut uur uuuitso lu ... . . . ... aistam ana unknown resorts wnere tney i can be free from his chattering perseou-1 tions. About oar homes there are fewer I song birds than ever within oar reool-1 lection. , Not a single cat bird came last summer, nor could we hear of one about the neighborhood; not a wren; .not even the valorous little blue-bird; not a tana- cer; not a martin; not an oriole. Former ly there were many, and the groves morn ing, and evening resounded, with their mingled notes; last year they were fewer, this year there are none. A pair of scar let tanagers and a pair of orohard orioles were indeed seen lor a , week or so, but were soon killed or driven off. . . Only the robins and the spooted thrushes hold their ground, and who can tell how long they i will do so? These three pests,' sparrows, red squirrels and strolling cats, have among them done the mischief, and every lover of birds should give orders to have such vermin shot at sight. American Magazine. Defining a Mugwump. Among the members of the board of visitors at West Point,' this year, was Dr. William . Everett of Massachusetts. At the banquet given to the board of visitors daring the closing exercises at the acade my, tbe doctor took occasion to inform the guests that be was a mugwump and want ed everybody to know it. This statement brought Mayor Uourtenay of Charleston, S. C, to his feet, and said it reminded him ot a story: About the time the mugwumps first sprung into existence an xLogiish .bora was visiting this country and . devoted much attention to the study of our insti tutions and manners. . ihe. constant use of the term "mugwumps" during the po litical campaign attracted his notice, so one day he made bold to ask an American friend what the word "mugwump ' meant. "A Republican who votes the Demo cratic ticket," was tbe reply. , ."And what do you call a Democrat who votes: the Republican .ticket?", next in quired tbe curious Englishman. "I'd call him a fool, was the friend a prompt response. , ihe guests are said to have enjoyed the bit immensely, with, perhaps, the possi ble exception of the mugwump, from the Bay State. JV. Jr. Sun. The Societt op Ladies. Ulubs are not good. schools of manners. To acquire the true grace tact of conversation young men must trequeni me society oi intelli gent women. A noted author,' who was asked recently why he was not oftener seen at clubs, replied that his favorite club was bis library, to which : belonged Shakespeare, uame, uomer ana ait tne great men of old. and that when be felt the need of living society he 'preferred that of ladies," who never asked him to take a drink, and who had something to tell more interesting than dubious stories and second-hand gossip,' - He showed good sense and good taste in this answer. We see by Thackeray's letters lately pub lished, that he was of the same opinion, though he did not always live op to it. IST" The statement going through the rounds of the press, that the average ; sal ary of preachers in the United States is $450 per annum, seems to be approxi mately correct. .This low average is as high as it is by reason of the large salaries naid bv a few churches: tbe majority ol preachers are paid lets. It is not possible that such a stinted support of the pastors Of the Charches tends to depreciate Chris tianity in the estimate of unbelievers? Is I it not natural for a calculating world to I take religion at the appraisment put on it byits supporters? . Somebody , has said that a religion which costs its possessor twenty-five cents a year is, not worth to him twenty-six cents., It would require great skill in mathematics to disprove the proposition.? . -; ; : Max Weil is the richest Jew in New York, his figure being estimated at 18.000.000. Following him are forty other millionaires of the same race. , The Hebrew capital ia the Cotton Exchange is over $6,000,000, and of city real estate they bold at least $100,000,000. An esti mate of the annual transactions of the wholesale trade of New York done by Hebrews pats the figures at $262,000,000. The Chinese boast ; of a series of eclipses, recorded in the annals of the na tion, extending . over a . period of 3,900 years, all of which, they affirm, were not onlyt observed, but were calculated .and figured in advance., Ihe . golden age of Chinese astronomy, was from about 2,857 to 480 B. C. . ; . , fT In analyzing the character ; of heroes it is hardly possible to separate altogether the share of Fortune from their own. Hallam. . f37 The greatest thing a human 'soul I ever does' in this world is to see some- thing; and then tell .what it saw in a plain wayv; , ' , .- W No school is ; more necessary to children than patience, because either the will mast be broken in childhood or the heart in old agei'. - -:'- '''' :tC : ' ' The wah, or Catbear. awo.aisunci genera ol the panda-Kir wah. as it is commonlv called have bnen discovered, one quite recently; and if we ; suppose me amereni groups of tbe animal Kingdom to be represented by a great t cnaio, me panaa would lorm the link con-t necting the raccoon-hke animals, or. to be I : - . T7-- i ... .," muio preuia, lue ju.ioK.ajou, wun me true bears. The panda of this sketch is kno wn" as AUurus lulgens, and is a beautiful tittle creature,' about the size of a cat,: having' many ways and habits that 'call to mind these domestic pets. ' Its face has an ex pression that may be described as inquigi-; live us iur is extremely nanasome.) be-- ing sou and thick; and its tail a most conspicuous object is very long and; plame-hke, and seemingly much larger ; than the wah itself, liven in color , the ; animal is remarkable, if we call to mind the coloring of moat of cur qaadrupede, each as cats and bears, thavvir inle, are dark, ebove and light beneath. In the pandi this is reversed. The back, colors are rich cinnamon-red, gradually merging i iuiu b uwuj yeiiow or lawn, Willie IU' I. .... ... .. .. a . steaa oi Deiog white oeneatn. the tar. is deep black its rich luster resembling the; finest satin. The face of the panda has some while coloring, and its tail Is" ex-5 tremely noticeable for its ornamentation being ringed with alternate stripes pf cin namon-red and yellow. Its colors so im- pressed the famous naturalist, : Cuvier, that, after examining a speoimen, he ' pro nounced it the most beautiful of all quad-. rupeds. borne years ago a panda was brought to England, and placed in the col- lection ol the London Zoological society, - and watched by naturalists for a long time. - So carious were its movements that it attraoted universal attention.' . Ia the first place its walk was seen to be plantigrade, as in the true bears; in' other words, it walked on its whole foot an in stancy of the reverse of the plantigrade being seen in the horse, that walks upon the tip of its fonr toes on its toe-nails, in fact. . If we examine the soles of the pan da's feet we shall find them protected with a woolly covering, and many assume from this that the animal does not come from a tropical climate; and this is the case; it having been discovered by Gen. Hard- wioke, the English nataraliBt, in the East ern Himalayas, where in high latitudes. above tbe Bnow line, it made its home; fre quenting the borders of rushing mountain torrents, and making its nest among ? the rooks and caves of almost inaccessible re- ' gions. For many years this one specimen was the only representative, and, ap to the year 1874 the animal, was npposed.to be confined to the locality in whioh it was originally found; but about this , time the Abbe David discovered that it also lived in the lofty ranges of Eastern, Thibit,' He also beard the Chinese banters speak of', a wonderful animal which they called - the Pae-Shionng, this -meaning literally, white bear. The hunters described it as one of the most beautiful of all animals a bear . with a cost' of pare white, not coarse, bat of silk-like softness. The story wastloubt- ed at first, bat finally tbe abbe obtained & specimen of the animal a beautiful crea ture that Milne Edwards named Ailuropus melauoleucus. In appearance tbe newly discovered cousin of tbe panda is extreme ly striking. It resembles a large bear in size and appearance, with a : pare white coat, with the exception of a black band across the back. "The new panda is only found in tbe highest forests, where it is said to live upon vegetable food much i af ter the fashion of the bear in general. ., A specimen, I believe, bas never been brought to the United States, and even tbe small panda is so rare that few collections boast of one. Golden Days. ... . . ..' CoL Peters' Advice. a . ',. One of the most honored advisory mem bers of the Young Farmers' Club, as well as one of ripe and rare experience, is Col. Richard Peters of Atlanta, 0.. a inan of big. brain, big heart, big enterprise and big results. His experience as a breeder of all kinds of choice strains of live stock has been very fruitful of cheer or warning to less presumptious breeders." When asked by a reporter what his advice wo aid be to a young man who 'was thinking4 of going into the stock business, he said h thought it was best for abegiunef to start on low grade stock and build it ap to . a good standard, for tbe - results would -be better than if started oa costly thorough breds alone. I think, said he, that those who know me will acquit me of selfishness and certainly those who know how readi ly I sell all the animals I can ' spare will acquit me of any need of being selfish when X say . that one of the most impor- tant things is Co improve the breed ol oar I stock. It costs much less to keep a good I cow or bog than a poor one. For exam- I pie, take a man who owns five or six icrab cows, it ne win Day a good. Jersey .oait of a pre-potent family,', his . heifers of his first cross will give him 50 per cent, more batter, on an average, and oi a much finer quality than their mothers gave. It is an axiom that the ball is half, the herd. I have seen grades of the third cross, that no one could tell, by looks or butter, from registered Jerseys. It is hard to calcu late how mach good a fine, vigorous Jer sey bull can do in a country neighborhood. One mistake , is ' frequently made ' that should be avoided. A half-breed male should never be used to breed from.' It is the male that lifts the grade, and a half breed will lead a herd downward, no mat ter how fine the females may be. Whera a jersey is introduced his sons shoald be killed for beef or csed for oxen, and his daughters crossed to another , pare bred Jersey. In one cross any man can .see such a difference that he will thank me for my advice In three crosses he will have a most valuable herd as good batter makers almost as registered Jerseys. And so. of hogs. A farmer, by crossing his scrub hogs to fine breeds, will get, one cross, a compaoterand better hog that will fatten more readily and on less food than his scrubs. Another thing will fol low: When a farmer improves his stock be will take better care of it, more pride in it, and will increase his herds and flocks. The compost heap, the -pasture, the hay rick and eorn field follow cattle and sheep, and thus gives us diversified farming, without trenching one bail on the cotton crop, which of coarse mast and shoald re main our great crop. Southern Cultivator.