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fftfil Papeii is 43 Years OldJ Tin CHARLOTTE N. C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1895. FOLUSIE XLiiL NUMBER 2218 vvy Ay THE 0ARLOTTE DEMOCRAT 'UBL1SUKD KVBKY FRIDAY BY J. P. STRONG. g.,MB-0:ic Jo:lr ami Ffty Cents in advance for 1 y-'f' -Two Dollars on time P,.,.m at the Post Office in Charlotte, N. C. be P. '- D.-purtment. DRS. McCOMBS & GIBBON, DEHIKE TO INFORM THE PUBLIC, Tbat they l'-i tllis Jay entered into a copart nersuip for the IMi.VUTICE OF MEDICINE, AND SURGtERY.,'' . March 1, March 15. 1895. JOHN PARRIOR, ,. 4 siilT I TIIVON STREET, CHARLOTTE, N. C. WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER. DEALER IN Diamonds, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Sil ver and Silver Plated Ware. gj- Special attention given to Fine Watch Uepiriii:4 Jim '.!', 1 ?!" BUR WELL, WALKER & CANSLER, Attorneys- At-Law, SOOMS NUS 5, C, AND 13, LAW BUILDING, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Jud4,1K"). DR. E. P. EEERANS, ' DENTIST, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Okkick 7 West Trade Street Nov. 2, 1894 HUGH W. HARRIS, 'Attorney and Counsellor at Law, Office, Nos. 14 and 16 Law Building, CHARLOTTE, N. C. July C, HsiW: F. I. OPBOIINK, W. C. MAXWELL, J. W. KEERANS. OSBORNE, MAXWELL & KEERANS, Attorneys at Law. CHARLOTTE, N. C. ( Sees 1 and 3 Law Building, viil prv.tice in thf State and Federal Courts. tM 20, kJ4 DRS. M. A. & C. A. BUND, Dentists. CHARLOTTE, N. C. No. 21 Trton Street. Jm 1W5 "U'.IOT CLAUKSON. CHAS. H. DHLS CLARKSON & DULS, attorneys at Law, Charlotte, N. C. l'rmni.t attt-ntion given to all business m lasttt!. Will practice iu all Courts of the 5hte. ISrofiiiu! No. 12 Law Building. Oct. 7, lfct'M. H. N. PHARR, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office No. 14. Law Building. Iri ,iUtt utti'iition to all business intrusted. I'eci.ii ittiiiition given to claims. Practices in Statu, ami FVdiral Courts .Inn. G. 1'), THE ACKNOWLEDGED Leading Seeds Are in; I S T S ! - BUISTSII UV np, u ours toilav, fresh from the grower, i int only "Uaist's Pme Medal Seeds," and ywi arc sure of a crop. R. II. JORDAN & CO , hn. !t. :sj5 Retail Druggists H) TO ALEXANDER'S DRUG STORE, N. 210, NORTH TRYON STREET. Wp :l well aborted stock of all articles usualy kept ia & Drug House J. B- ALEXANDER. 1 ne I)or jiruscribed for free. M'rii, 8, mr,. FINEST LOT "7 t.rouirht to Charlotte. This is nn ' laje h-ast We have the finest otof PRliFUMES in thecity. Rick fccktrs best in FANCY Bottles, Cases, Flasks, etc.. in GOOD shape for an ELKGANT PRESENT. It RECOMMENDS ITSELF. IT WILL PAY YOU TO SEE IT R H. JORDAN & CO., Druggists u,,c- 28, 1894. E. NYE HUTCHISON. FIRE INSURANCE. Offlces-iG East Trade Street; 4 North Tyon up stairs. F,-'!, 19. 1895 QUEEN CITY HOTEL. In visiting Charlotte, n'''t fail to stop at the Queen City Hotel, Corner East Fifth and College Sts, Everything first-class. RATES, 100 PER DAY. j M895 W J MOORE, Prop'r. t Surgical Instruments. 4i full line of Surgical Instruments at Manufac "ir" s prices. Call and examine them. . Mail orders will be promptly attended to &m o , B- H JORDAN & CO. 20,1895. How to Tell Time. "My father," said the small boy to the woman who wa8 calling on hi mother, "is a great man TT u . .- ' IS tho.ut ovon looking at his watch." th -nujou mean Tommy?' asked o visitor. J 'Ob, when I hollow out and ask him at time it is in the morning k oim. whi eaye ijfs time to , got up. And when 1 ask him what time it is in the evening- Sale of Land. Bv virtue of T , " - gmuicu 10 me u y xj. yy - Lyles and wife, by deed dated December 4th, loUl, and registered in the nma r k d pJS ? A?,fkl1?nburg County, in Book 79. Page 225, 1 wi 11 sell at tbe Court House door in Charlotte, on Saturday, the 14th day of Decem ber, 1895, at 12 M, that tract of land described in the aforesaid deed, to wit : One Hundred and Thii joining the lands of the late Mary Wallace and ".uc.o, Yvuiou was conveyea to said E W. Lvles 7 t . ucc" uaiea eoruarv tract or Jand is near th (Mtv f Ch.-uti j is highly improved. l erms: Cash. A. BUR WELL, November 8th, 1895. Trustee Nov. 15. 1895. 5w Execution Sale. Under and bv virtue f to the undersigned, from the Superior Court Of Mecklenbuie Countv. in civil art inn m Oglesby is plaintiff, and J. M. Caldwell ia de fendant, I will, on Monday, the 2nd day of De cember. 1895, at 12 o'clock M, at the County Court House Door in the city of Charlotte, sell to the highest bidder for cash, to tiatisfy said ex ecution, all the right, title, interest and estate which said defendant has in the following de scribed real estate, to wit : One Iract, in Crab Orchard Township, begin ning at a small P. O. in W J rhrri,'0 and runs with the sarre N. 41, W. 39 p. to a! siuuc vi kj. gone; uixon s corner; tnence with biS line N. 48. E. 32X ll. to A stone unH nnintera a corner on Lot No. 2: thence with the same' A I7 inn . . . uuc jh. icw p., crossing a orancn to a JJiacK Gum, Teeter's corner; thence with 2 lines of the same, 1st S. 15, E. 27 p. to a stone, 2nd 8. 14, W. 20 p. to a stake in said line, a corner of Lot No. 4; thence with 2 lines of the same, 1st S. 86, W. 42 p. to a Sycamore near a spring, 2nd N. 68, W. 50 poles, passinga corner of No 4, and with a line of No 5, to a P. O.; thence with No. 5; 8.. 64, W. 46 p. to the beginning corner contain ing 34J acres. ' Also, one tract in Crab Orchard Township, be ginning at a stone in J. Elam Caldwell's line, and runs thence 8. 4794". W. 25 n. tnPinm sprout; thence 8. 56, E 38 1-5 p. to a stake; iucuuc m. 4i p. w a siaae; n oo, w. 37 4-5 poles to the beginning containing 59 acres. Z T. SMITH. Sheriff. Nov. 1, 1895. 5w Execution Sale of Land By virtue of an execution to me directed from the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, in the case of Hugh W. Harris, Administrator of J. F. Moody, (to the use of H. C. 8evers) against W. M. Hall, colored, I will sell for cash to the highest bidder at public auction at the Court House door in the City of Charlotte, at the hour of 12 o'clock m., on Monday, the second day of December, 1895. all that lot of land located in the City of Charlotte, North Carolina, iu Ward 2, fronting on Third Street, and adjoining the lot of O. r . Uall, Amanda Moody, .Lucy Shep herd, and C has Simmons, and being known as the property of the said w. Al. Hall, colored. This the Slstday of October, 1895. Z T. SMITH, Nov. 1, 1895. Bw Sheriff. Sale of Land- Rw virtnA t ,f a nnwpr vpstfid in me bv a deed of trust, executed by John Brown and wife, Maryisrown, on me nrsi aay oi vprn, joo, which deed is duly regis'ered in Book 93, Page 46," I will sell, at public auction at the Court House door in the city oi nanoue, m. v., on WprtnpsdAv the 20th dav of November. 1895.the property conveyed by said deed. lyiDg in the city of Charlotte, described as follows, to-wit : Rporinninrr nt ft stake on the west side of North "E" Street, 198 feet from 12th Street, runs with "E" Street towards 11th Street, 4y ieet, tnence parallel with 11th Street 198 feet to a stake, narallAl with "K" Street towards 12th Street 49 feet to a stake, thence 198 feet to the . ' m. s a am beginning, lne same is suuaieu id oquare and is known and designated as lot 14, n a map registered in Book 74. Paee 216. in the office of the Register of Deeds for said county. Terms: ''ash. This 14th day of October, 1895. W C. MAXWELL, Trustee Oct. 18. 1895. Sale of Land. By virtue f a power vested in me, by an or der of the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, made in a Special Proceeding pending in BQid rnnrt entitled R. W. Lotran and wife. E. B. Logan. J. B Eaves and wife, A. J Eaves, and others, ex parte, l will sen ai puouc aucuou, at the Court House Door, in the city of Charlotte, on Monday, the 2nd day of December, 1895, at 12 o'clock M, a valuable tract of farming land, situated in Long Cretk Township, in Mtcklen burg County, N. C, adjoining the lands-of E. A McAulay. Mrs. S 8 Alexander and. c hers known as the "Wharton Place," containing 285 acres. The property will be sold for division. Terms of sale, one third cash, one third payab e in one year and balance payable in two years. This the 30th of October, 1895. W. C. MAXWELL, Commissioner. Nov. 1, 1895 5w SPECIAL. $30.00 PAYS FOR SCHOLARSHIP. For complete Business or Shorthand Course for the NEXT FIFTEEN DAYS! Bookkeeping taught from ACTUAL BUSINESS PRAC TICE ! No text books used. The best system of Shorthand in print-ISAAC P1TTMA.N1 Send for Catalogue and pamphlet, " Which Hhnrthanri shall we leam." droucuf av. J B. mJDSON, Nov. 8, 1895. Principal. Administrator's Notiee. All persons having claims against the estate of Mrs Sallie J. DeArmon deceased, are hereby notified to present them to me, properly attested, on or before the 6th day of October 1896 All persons indebted to said estate are notified to make payment to me, without delay. This 2nd day of October, 1895. H. N. PUAKtt. Adm'r. of estate, Mrs Sallie J. DeArmon. Oct. 4th, 1895. ckowell av tenderson Sowell Henderson, 327 East Trade Street Staple and Fancy Groceries, Vege tables, fruits, etc., AT BOTTOM PRICES May 1, 1895. Lament of A Little Girl. My brother Will, he used to be The nicest kind of a girl; He wore a little dresa like me And haid his hair in curl. He played with dolls and tea-seta then, . And every kind of toy; ' But all those good old times are gone Will turned into a boy. Mamma has made him little suits. With pockets iu the pants, ? And cut off all his yellow1 curls And sent them to my .aunts ; And Will, he was so pleased, I believe He almost jumped with joy; . ' But I must own I didn't like Will turned into a boy. And now he plays with horrid tops ' I don't know how to spin, ? And marbles thatj try to shoot. ' But never hit nor win; ' And leap-frog I can't give a "back" Like Charley, Frank or Roy O , no one knows how bad I feel Since Will has turned a boy. j I have to wear frocks just the same, And now they're mostly white; I have to sit and just be good. ' . . But Willlcan climb and fight, But I must keep my dresses nice, i And wear my hair curl, . And worse O, worsest thir g of all I have to stay a girl. ExcJiange How to Estimate Trolley Car Speed. There is in the public mind a confusion of ideas as to the speed of electric street cars. Two inexpert observers guessing at this speed will rarely come withih miles of the correct estimate. Yet it is possible for anybody, by a simple calcu lation, to arrive at very nearly accurate information. An electric car. going at the rate of a mile an hour travels 88 feet in a minute. At two miles an hour it makes twice that distance in a minute, or 176 feet. At three miles an hour the diss tance travelled in a minute is three times 88, or 264 feet. This distance of 264 feet is about the length of an average city block. If it takes a car a minute to go a block tbe rate of speed is three miles an hour, it the car goes two blocks in a minute the rate is about .six miles an hour. Three blocks in a minute means nice miles an hour. Four blccks in a minute indicates a speed of about twelve miles an. hour. At five blocks in a minute a car is going fifteen miles an hour. When six blocks are traversed in a minute the speed is eighteen miles an hour. A rate ot seven blocks in a min ute is a speed, of. twenty-one miles an hour. It must be understood that average blocks are required to make good such estimates. St. Louis - Globe-Democrat. Your Boy Wont Live a Month So Mr. Oilman Brown, of 34 Mill St., South, Gardner, Mass., wsb told by the doctors.' His V. .1 r . Ul n AllnT;n TV.V. nlA VT oln.i a t nun uau uuu uuuuic,Luiiuniug ijw.iuiuaiaiia and he spent three hundred and seventy-five dollars with doctors, who finally gave .him up, saying- "Your boy wont live a month." He tried Dr. King s New Discovery and a few bot tles restored him. to health and enabled him to go to work a perfectly well man. He says he owes his pf esent good health to use of . Dr. King's 'XT T! .3 1 ' V. - I. Kaa 4m new ivinpuvcry , uiu nuuwo 111 iu uo iuc ircp iu the world for Lung trouble. Trial Bottles Free at Burwell & Dunn's Drug Store. Hudson's Business University CHARLOTTE, N. C For a thorough and practical Business Educa tion. Actual Business from start to nnisa. $40.00 pays for complete Business Course. The only Business College in the South that yqu can try before paying the Tuition. Before making arrangements anywhere investigate our course of study Send for Catalogue. J. E. HUDSON, Principal. Sept. 6, 1895. .. . " 6m ':. "J DISSOLUTION. By mutual CONSENT OUR firm is this day DISSOLVED! The business will be continued as in the past, by Messrs. S. S. McNinch & Co., For whom we bespeak the patronage jof our for mer friends and customers. ALL NOTES AND ACCOUNTS DUE US MUST BE settled promptly so as to close the BUSINESS 1 We sincerely thank - OUR MANY FRIENDS AND Customers for their past good will and patronage. Respectfully, E. B. SPRINGS & CO. Charlotte, N. C, Nov. 1, 1895. Nov. 8, 1895. Men's Satin Calf Shoes Lace and Congress, wide and narrow toes, PRICE: $1.50 The largest stock and best goods in the place at this popular price. All strictly reliable, neat and stylish No other house can do so well for you on this class of shoes, as we have them all made, and we know what we are giving you everytime. Be sure to examine. GILREATH & CO. Nov 8, 1895. Administrator's Notice. All persons haying claims agaicgt the estate of J. N. Blankenship, deceased, are hereby notified to present them to me, properly attested, "on or before the 6th day of October. 1896. All persons Indebted to said estate are notified to make pay ment w me wnnoui aeiay. This 2nd day of October, 1895. H. N. PHARB, Adm'r. state,' J. N. Blankenship. Oct 4, 1895. 6w Administrator's Notice. All persons having claims against the estate of W. H. Haeler. deceased, are hereby notified to present them to me, properly attested, on or before the 20th day of October, 1896. All per sons indebted to said estate are notified to make payment to me, without delay. This 15th day of October, 1895. H. N. PHARR, Adm'r of W. H. Hagler, deceased. Oct. 18, 1895. 6w Pocahontas.' ' Pocahontas was married to John Rolfe in the church at Jamestown in , April, 1613. The church was a. small and pn mitive building, and the floral decorations were tar less ' costly"' than those which adorned St. Thomas Cburch in New York when t Cpnsuelp VanderbMt was married to tbe Duke of Marlborough. But tbe Jamestown church .was profusely ueuoruieu ,wuu tuo ivi uuvrero limit abounded along the banks "of the James River at that season, and in proportion to the population of the Virginia settlement, this wedding of Powhatan's daughter to a friend ot the (xovernoiy or Marshal, 6t the colony, was madey "grander and more important event than any interna--tional marriage that has been celebrated in America from ihaday to this, "i A glamour of iwmancft baBrbntSCTDVer the Affair by the coatj'i ysritersy but there is room for saspiciQabat their accounts of it were inspired Troin official soucces. Possibly Rolle really loved the Indian Princess Marriageable women were few in Virginia at that time. But it is certain that the wedding was ap proved by Sir Thomas Dale for politic reasons. By it the friendship of tbe Ins dians was secured at a time when tbe struggling colony could ill afford to quar rel with them. The colonists were not numerous enough to war 'suscessfully with Powhatan's tribes, and they, also, needed the corn end other provisions which tbe Indian supplied. All accounts agree that Pocahontas was truly fond of John Smith, tbe first paleface she ever saw, whom she bad saved from the clubs of her father's executioners. Her affecn tion survived his departure tor England, and she was only brought to con sent ' to wed Rolfe by the false report that Smith was dead. Thomas Rolfe, the only child of this marriage was born in 1614, but the date and place of his birth are not given by the old chroniclers. Prob ably he was born at Farmingdell, John liolfe s plantation, near tbe town of Henricus, in tbe great bend of tbe Dutch Gap. It was on this plantation that John Rolfe first domesticated and cultU vated the tobacco plant, a weed that grew wild in those parts. In the spring, of 1616, Rolfe with his wife and child went to England with' Sir. Thomas Dale Rolfe was Snubbed by the King' and court but Pocahontas was loyally; .received as a foreigu Princess, and was treated with, the greatest consideration' by the court, and the great people ' Of the ' realm. . It.;. was not until she arri ved i n England that she learned Smith wfiS still alive. 'When, she saw him in London she 'hid . her face in her hands, turned aside and stdpd so( for many minutest-tor several hours,, some of the chroniclers 'say After stay? ing iri England a year she started to re-, turn to Virginia, but at' Ghravesend, where, she. was to embark, she was seized With, a fever1' and died untimely at the age of 22 , or 23. Her Bon was"Brb"Ught up by" an j uncle, a London merchant. Later Thomas Rolfe returnee! to Virginia,' where he became a man of importance. The 'Boilings, the Randolphs and other well known Virginia families are descended from him. 'Among the Indians: Pocahontas had three names, the second of which was Amonate. Her real name, which the Indians would not divulge to Smith during his captivity, lest he should casta - pell upon . her, was Motaoka. Shortly before -her marriage to Rolfe she was baptized at Jamestown by the name of Rebecca. Globe Democrat. Where Confederate Money Goes. "Did "ytu ever know what has become of the greater part ot tbe Confederate paper money, with which this country was flooded some years baek I asked a local business man, who had just returned from a trip to the Atlanta Exposition.. No. Well neither did I until 1 struck Atlanta a few 'weeks ago. In that town I found an old man who makes a bust ness of quietly gathering in all the Con federate bank notes be can find.- You know tbe stuff was issued by the ton dur. ing the war, and there- is any quantity of it still floating around. When the old man gets a big bundle of paper be sends it to Edison, tbe inventor, who pays a good price for it. Edison uses it to make carbon for incandescent lamps. Tbe paper upon which the Confederate notes were engraved was made oi tbe pulp of sea grass. This branch of the paper-making industrjEas since become a dead art. Sea grass paper, when chemi cally treated by Edison, has beep found to make tbe best sort ot carbon ior mean descent lights, and so there is always a demand for the Confederate bills." JPhil adelphia Record. C HARLOT TE COLLEGE OF MUSIC AND ART. 18 SOUTH TRYON STREET, THE LBADINQ SCHOOL, fQR MUSICAL TRAINING In the Southern States. THE MOST IMPROVED EUROPEAN METHODS. Many free advantages. Modern Languages taught only by native teachers ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE. SPECIAL KINDERGARTEN. GERMAN. METHOD B O A RD I NG Accommodations for Non-resident lay students IN COLLEGE BUILDING. Every modern convenience. v Special coarse in PAINTING, DRAWING, and ELOCUTION ' Catalogues gent on application, . Terms Modkkatk. . , -Call or address, . - CARL S. GAERTNER, Sept. 20, 1895,. DlMCTOB For tbe Restoration and Preservation of Fort Raleigh- Maj ir rah am Daves informs us that th Roanoke Colony M morial Associa tion is to begin almost at once 'the work of restoring tbe Fort which Sir Walter JKaleigh s colonists erected upon Roanoke -- island. Our townsmen, Mr. Henry A. Brown. an export civil engineer, recentlyjsur- veyea tne ion and surroundings, marked, out its bounds and made drawings of the same which are now in possession of Maj. Daves. Mr. Brown patriotically donated his valuable services, for which interested zeal tb. association accorded him a' vote of thanks ai its recent meeting in Raleigh ib&also directed the President to issue him a share of stock in the company. - The old fort is shown by Mr. Brown's map of Jt, to: have1 been . the work of.v skilled-military engineer. It was of regu4 lar design and of the style known lis a star fort. It measured 135 feet from one bastion to the opposite one and over 400 feet around. It was an earthen work with wooden palisades. A difference be tween tbe original fort and the restored one will be that it is designed to use permanent material, otherwise the Fort will present, as near as it can be deters mined upon, tbe appearance it bad in the days of tbe colonists, and 'the memorial, to the colonists, the plan of which will be deoided upon later, is expected td be placed within the fort. The work that will be done upon the native forest growth is simply to clear out the undergrowth enough to make it pleas ant and attractive and let tbe rest remain according to nature. The material which Mr. Brown recom mends for marking the outlines of the fort and permanently restoring it iscoquina, the beautiful shell rock which abounds near New Berne. It is counted to be as durable as the common grades of granite or other stone, although it is much less expensive, and has in its favor also that it is a product Of the region in which this first settlement on American soil was made. Not being found in most regions its very novelty is another point in its favor. There is at the island material emi. nently appropriate to use in the memorial iteelf that is to be erected to the colonists, provided the memorial decided upon is one in which it can be utilized. That is the ship's ballast which was'thrown over board these Tjy.Amandas and Barlowe in X584, the time of their voyage of discov eries to tbe island. These stones were cast into tbe waters of the sound bocause the vessels bad to , be lightened in ap proaching the shore on account of the Shallowness of the water. . The place at which they have lain for 310 years takes its name from themit is called Ballast points. There are no other stones like lhem, g9orogically or otherwise, within two hundred miles of' tbe island. They are exactly the kind that was in general use by English vessels where such allast is made use of at all. The fort lies within a quarter of a mile of Roanoke sound, within two miles of Albemarle sound and the public road runs directly by it. The Association is in fairly good condu tion financially, though it does not possess all the funds it needs It has about $400 on hand and owns besides tbe Fort tract of ten acres another tract adjoining con taining 240 acres which had to be pur chased in order to secure the first, because in the sale they could not be separated. Both these tracts have been purchased and paid for. The larger one is good farmjng and trucking land, partly cleared and partly well timbered and with a good seine oeacn upon it, out as it is not needed to be kept with the fort tract it will be sold when an opportunity of getting a fair price for it presents itself and the proceeds be applied to tbe further objects of the Association. Tbe regular annual meetings of the Association are hereafter to be held in Edenton, N. C on the 27th of April. That date has been fixed upon to com. memorate the sailing of Amandas and Barlowe from England on April 27th, 1584. The officers of the Association are: Maj Graham Daves, of Mew Berne, Presi dent; "W. D. Pruden, of Edenton, Vice President and Dr. John L. Basset, of TJrinity College, Secretary and Treasurer. His memorial work is opo in which not only Nrtb Carolina but the country at large should take pride in, especially should all North Carolinians do so. No State has done more toward making history, and yet few have done as little towards claiming the oredit for its past. If some other State had the honor of pos sessing tbe site where the first English settlement was made in the country, the first white child born and the first chris tian baptism administered to a native, the site would doubtless have been marked long ago with a towering monument and its name have been made familiar in the school books of tbe country. We must pot only make history but must preserve the record of it. Newbern Journal. Two and a half miles from Harts well, Ga., there is on the old Skelton Dlace. an apple tree seventy years old. From the time it began bearing until it was fifty years old, the tree bore large, red June apples. After that it changed. and from that until now, it has borne apples of a greenish color. tf In England credit over the counter of a public house is not recog nized in law,and the publican who allows his customer to drink without pa vine for what he orders cannot subsequently re cover tbe amount. Free Pills. Send vonr address to H. E. Bncklen & Co, Chicago, and get a free sample box of Dr. King's New Life Pills A trial will convince you of their merits. These pills are easy in action and are particularly effective in the cure of Consti pation and bick Headache. For Malaria and iiver troubles they have been proved invaluable. Thev are guaranteed to be perfectly free from every deleterious substance and to be purely vegetable. Thev do not weaken by their action. but by giving tone to stomach and bowels greatly invigorate the system. Regular size 25c per box Bold at Burwell & Dunn, wholesale and retail drug store- Highest of all in Leavening Power. lJJJ(Ll m Why They Are Tumblers. How many times a day do we use a word without, stopping to think what it means ? Every day we drink out of a turn bier. W by; is the large glass that holds our milk or. water so called Z Years a?o. Prof. Max Mailer was given a luncheon at All Souls College, Oxford, to the Prin cess Alice, the wife of the Grand Duke-6t Hesse-Darmstadt and the second daugh ter of Queen Victoria. " There were not a dozen guests besides the Princess and her husband, and a very agreeable lunchs eon we had, with pleasant talk on all kinds of interesting subjects. But what excited the curiosity of all tbe strangers present was a set of little round bowls of silver, about the size of a large orange. i.ney were brought round failed to the brim with the famous ale brewed in the college. lhese, we are told, are tumblers, and we were speedily shown how they came by their names a fitting lesson for the guests of a philologist. When one of these little bowls was empty it was placed upon the table mouth downward. nstantly, so perfect was its balance, it flew back into its proper position as if asking to be filled again. No matter how it was treated trundled along the floors, balanced carefully on its side, dropped suddenly upon the soft, thick carpet, up it rouea again and settled itself with a ew gentle shakings and swayings into Ls place, like one of those India rubbor tumbling dolls babies delight In. This, then, was the origin of our" word tumbler, at first made ot silver, as are all these All Souls' tumblers. Then, when glass became common, the round glasses that stood on a flat base superseded the exquisitely balanced silver spheres and stole their names so successfuly that you have to go to All Souls' and a few other old houses to see the real thing. Jewelers' Uircuiar. Engineering by a Monse. "While digging holes for telegraph poles at Byron, Me.," said a Western Union man, "1 became interested in watching the ingenuity and perseverance of a mouse. He fell into one of the holes. which was four and a half inches deep and twenty inches across. The first day he ran around the bottom of the hole, trying to fand some means ot escape, but could not n.limh nnt. Th fnnd onlJL down to business. He began steadily and systematically to dig a spiral groove round and round the inner surface ot tbe bole with a uniformly ascending grade. He worked night and day, and as he got urther from the bottom he dug little pockets where he could either lie or sit and rest. Interested witnesses threw in ood. "At the end of two weeks the mouse struck a rock. This puzzled him. For nearly a day be trieu to get under, around, or over the obstruction, but without sues cess. With unflinching patience he re versed his spiral and went on tunnelling his way in the ODDOsite direction. At the end of four weeks he reached the top. and prohably sped away to enjoy his well earned freedom. Mis escape was not seen, vvnen ma tood was put in in tne morning he was near the surface, but at night the work was seen to be complete, and the little engineer, whose pluck and skill had saved his life, had left." Learn How to Punctuate. It may be that some young folks do not consider it very important to learn the rules for placing commas and other punctuation marks in their proper places. Here is aBtory which shows how great a difference the place of a comma can make in the meaning of the words: A Prussian school inspector appeared at the ofjgce of the burgomaster of a lits tie town to ask him to accompany him on a tour of inspection through the schools. The burgomaster was out of sorts, and was heard to mutter to himself: "What is this donkey here again for?" The inn spector said nothing, but waited his time and with tbe unwilling burgomaster set out on his tour. At tbe first sobool he annonnced his wish to see how punctua tion was taught. "U never mind that," said tbe burgo master. "We don't care for commas and such trifles." But the inspector sent a boy to the blackboard, and ordered his to write: "The burgomaster of R eays,tbe inspector is a donkey." Then he ordered him to transpose tbe comma, placing it after the R , and to insert another one after inspector, and the boy wrote; 'Ihe burgomaster ot it , says the inspector, is a donkey." It is probable that tbe refractory offi cial gained & new idea of the value of "commas and such trifles." Here are some queer sentences given by the Printers Register, of Brooklyn. See if you can tell what is the matter with them: "A man was killed by a railroad car running into Boston supposed to be deaf. A man writes: "We have deci ded to erect a school house large enough to accommodate five hundred scholars, five stories high." A geography has this "Albany has four hundred inhabitants all standing with their gable ends to the street. On a certain steamboat this notice was printed: "Hereafter the tickets shall be twenty five cents. Chil dren half price to be had at tbe office." A jA..k:y I. iAlfllfM aP 2 DHWipsper, ucoui luiug bus uu the convention at Cleveland, said: ''The procession was very fine, and nearly two mires long, as was also the prayer oi xjt. Perry the chaplain. ael. 127" There are only four days each rear in which sun and clock time exactly correspond. They are April 15, June 14, Sept 1 and December z. Latest U. S. Gov't Report urn it llt II M Hi ft w Ploughing With a Pig's Snouts. Eabt Mokichbs, L. I., Nov. 3. A year ago George Harris began grubbing out a piece ot land known as the "barrens," with a view to turning it into a farm. It was slow and bard work. He has but ittle to show for this year's work, and recently he. set to work thinking Finally he hit upon a plan- which, he says, beats perpetual motiou. After considerable searching the obtained a squad of the most vicious, hungry looking pigs that ever disgraced a farm. Old-timers hereabouts say they cannot be matched anywhere for meaness and cus sedness. But tbe traits that condemn them in the eyes of others is just what makes them valuable to Farmer Harris. His next step was to build a bottomless en closure, a sort of portable pigpen. The pen was set up at one end of the farm, the pigs put inside and set to work root ing for a living. They are not furnished with any food, and are compelled to grub or die. When they had turned up the ground inside of the enclosure the pen was moved along its length and a new field opened for the hungry hogs. This has been going on from day to day. The pen is slowly making the rounds of the farm, leaving in its wake a breadth of grubbed land, while Farmer Harris sits on the edge of the pen smoking a pipe and . smiling at his workers. "I calculate" he said, "if their snouts hold out, to have this patch in prime con dition for winter wheat before anoher fort- night It's a great invention. When we motioning toward his hogs) get through with this job, I'll just tack on another twenty acres of the barrens for luck." Marvels Done With a Whip. A decided sensation has been created in Vienna by a man who probably stands alone in tbe world in his particular line of performance. This gentleman's name is Pinkslug and he is an Austro-Hunga rian by birth. He is an expert or rather a phenomenal artist in the use of the gad whip. The first thing he does is to take a long ashed, stouthandled whip in each hand, and with orchestra acoompanimont pros ceed to crack or snap them at a terriffio rate. The sound made by his whips in this manner is graduated from a noise like a rifle renort to tha sqft click of . hilliarrt ball. It makes a curious sort of musio and serves to show how he can regulate tbe force of each stroke. More interest, however, is evinced when he seizes a vicious looking gad whip with an abnor mally long lash. It is provided with a very heavy handle of medium length, ending in a crook. This is his favorite, and what he can do with it is really wonderful. He first gives an idea of what fearful force there lies in a whip ash in the hands of an expert. A large frame, over which is stretched a calf or sheep skin, is brought on the stage. This is marked with large polka dots oi red paint. The man with the whip steps up, and, swinging the lash around his head, ets fly at the calfskin. With every blow he actually pulls a piece right out from the leather, leaving a clean cut hole. These pieces are distributed among tbe audience to show thf t there is no trick ery about tbe performance. After this be takes a frame with three shelves, un these there are a dozen or more of medi. umsized, apples, lying very close together and provided with large numbers. Any one in tbe audience may designate what apple he wishes struck, and tbe unerring ash snatches it out like a flash. A stui more diffioult number is the snapping of coins from a narrow necked wine bottle. A pieoe of silver, about the size of a half dollar, is put over the cork of the bottle, which stands on tbe edge of the table. The whip artist, without even appearing to take any sort of aim, sends the long ash whizzing through tbe air and picks on tbe coin without jarring the bottle, much ess breaking it. A verry cruel and dis gusting piece of business to most people is tbe killing of rats by a blow ot this earful whip lash. The squealing rats are brought on in a sort of low wire tray, fixed so as to prevent their escape. The 4 1 I A. J f A man wun vno wnip rudub quive uibibuco orm the tray, but every time be strikes the lash hits the victim and kills it in stantaneously. Sometimes the head is actually torn from the Dody ot tbe poor beast, so vicious is the blow, and so un erring is the aim. Exchange. The World's Transportation. Dr. Chauncey M. Depew recently gave a graphio presentation of the land and water traffic of tbe world last year from which we take the following pbara graph. "The. whole of the tonnage of the oceans of the world last year was about 140,0 00,s 000 tons, while tbe tonnage ot the rail ways of the world, carried 100 miles, was about, 400,000,000 tons. There are 400, 000 miles of railroad in the world, of which 180,000 are in the United States. Of the 1,400.000,000 tons carried 100 miler last year on tbe railways of the world, 800,000,000 tons were carried on the railways of the United States. You take tbe 600,000,000 tons carried 100 miles on the railways of the world out side of the United States, and then yon add to it 140,000,000 carried on the ocean in the commerce of the world upon the seas, and we still have in tbe 800,000,000 tons carried on the railways of the United States 6,000,000 tons more than on all railways of the world outside of tbe United States and in all the ocean com merce of the world put together. This internal commerce of the United States makes it the most wonderful market on the globe."