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The Charlotte Democrat. [volume] (Charlotte, N.C.) 1887-1897, May 14, 1896, Image 1

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II 111 I I I I I 1 X I 1 2 9 III . Ill I I i I I I 1 1
V vw S
This Paper is 43 Years Old
Term? ODe Dollar cash in advance.
Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte, N. C.
i . . '
as secona ciaas mauer.
'Tbat tbey have this day entered into a copart
nership for the
Ward I, 1895.
March 15, 1895.
Diamonds, Watches, -Clocks, Jewelry, Sil
ver and Silver Plated Ware.
tW Special attention given to Fine Watch
Jan 25, 1895.
Attorneys- At-Law,
Jan 4, 1895.
Office 7 West Trade Street.
Nov. S.nSW
Practice limited to Eye, Ear, Nose
and Throat.
April 8, 1896.
-:0:-43 South College bt.-:o:-
The largest stock of cotton gins, boilers,
presses, Saw mills, mowing machines, Har-
vetters and pumps. Come in or write. All
kinds of machinery.
April 3. 1896 2 m.
Attorney and Counsellor at WJ
Office, Nos. 14 and 16 Law BuildiDg,
July 6, 1895:
i i-. i. ubBOKHH, w. C. MAXWELL, J. W. KEEBANS.
Attorneys at Law,
:(t2T Offices 1 and 3 Law Building.
vvill practice in the State and Federal Courts.
Oct 20, 1895.
DRS. M. A. & C. A. BLAND,
No. 21 Tryok Stkeet.
Jan. 3, 1896.
Attorneys at Law,
Charlotte, N. C.
Prompt attention given
justed. Will practice in
to all business
all Courts of
WOffice No. 12 Law Building.
Oct. 7. 1896.
office No. 14. Law Building.
Prompt attention to all business intrusted
Si nonin 1 a 4n I I . l -n . .
"j""-"" nucuuun given 10 ciaims. rracuces in
otate and Federal Courts.
Jan. 6, 1895.
Cattle Owners !
Listen ! The best possible Cattle Food is
' We have the seed of Lsne's Imperial and White
Sugar. Plant now !
April 17, 1896
eeps a well assorted stock of all articles usualy
kept in a Drug House
The Poor prescribed for free.
April, 8, 1895.
In visiting Charlotte,
Don't fail to stop at the Queen City Hotel,
Corner East Fifth and College 8ts,
Everything first-class.
July C, 1895. W J MOORE, Prop'r.
Offlces-16 East Trade Street ; 4 North Tyon
Street, up stairs.
Feb. 19, 1895.
Bat Joshua Holds the Record.
Boston Globe.
Captain Bassett was the first man offi
cially to lengthen time bv turning back
the bands of the SJenatecIock in Wanning-
ion. tie aia-u lor the hrst time March
4, 1844, by dirediou of Senator Wiley P.
Mangum, of North Carolina, then presi
dent of tbe Senate pro tempore. This is
"You carved your own way to success,
didn't you, PadMngton?" "No; I didn't
nave much 01 anything to carve
after I achieved success."
By virtue of a Deed in Trust made to me by
J. 8. Smith and wife on September 12th 1890,
and recorded in the office of the Register of
Deeds for Mecklenburg County, North Carolina,
Book 73, page 116, and on account of default be
ing made in the performance of the conditions
therein contained, I will sell on Monday, June
1st A D., 1896, to the highest bidder at the
County Court House Door in the City of Char
lotte, North Carolina, at 12 o'clock m., all the
following land in the City of Charlotte, to-wit :
Beginning at a stake on the South side of
Watkins Alley, Pinkney McLean's corner, and
running with said alley in a Northwest direction
50 feet to a stake. Franklins corner: thence with
Franklin's line in a Southwest direction 99 feet
to a stake in E. B Spring's line; thence with his
line, parallel with said Alley 50 feet to a stake,
McLean's corner; thence with McLean's line 99
feet to the beginning. This April 29 1896
April 30, 1896 5w Trustee.
By virtue of a Deed in Trust made to me bv
I H Wilson and wife on November 14th 1894,
and recorded in the office of the Registt-r of
Deeds for Mecklenburg County, North Carolina,
Book 103. page 52, and on account of default
being made in the performance of the conditions
therein contained, I will sell on Monday, June
1st 1896 to the highest bidder at the County
Court House Door in the city of Charlotte,
North Carolina, at 12 o'clock m., all the follow
ing land in the city of Charlotte to-wit : Be
ginning at a stake on W. 9th Street, Walter
Brem's corner and running with Walter Brem's
line 270 feet to a stake R. Rintles corner; thence
with Rintles line towards Myera Street and
oarallel with 9th Street about 50 feet to a Stake;
th ence parallel with Myers Street 270 feet to a
staK-eonW. 9th St; thence about 50 feet to the
beirin ling- This April 29 1896.
Irerms. Cash C. L. HUNTER,
April b0. 196 5w Trustee.
ByvirUe of i deed f trU8t made to me on the
26 day of March 895,by John W.Goodman,I will
sell at public auctio.o at the court house door in
the city of Charlotte to.the highest bidder, for
cash, on May 23rd, 189 6,one lot on east 7th street.
.For description, reference is made to deed in
book IrO.Tpage 327, in the' office of the register of
deeds for Mecklenhurg county, N C.
This lot is sold to .satisfy ihedebt secured by
said deed of trust.
A. H- STC'JvJiiJS. Trustee.
April 24, 1896, 5 w.
By virtie of a deed ot tn?st mado to on
November h 1.UW1, by anme .Mcuree.x win bu
' dav of Mav iS9 U that lot of laud hereiDafte'
defcribed be!nf T 38 maP of W" R Mey"
fw 1' lD?h in Book 74, page 61,
ers, which map is regiet
office for Mecklenburg
in tne register of deed's
county, N. C.
debt secured by
baid lot is sold to atkfV th.
this deed of trust.
April 17 5w WALTER BRi.
By virtue of a deed of trust mnrip tr mo l
1st day of Jan'v. 1891. bv O- S. Knlnmnn T .
sell at public auction to the highest bidder o
monaay, tne 18th day of May, 196, at the Court
House door in Mecklenburg cnnntv N" n fnr
cash, all that property hereinafter described,
being Lot No. 66 in W. R. Myers' map, and said
map is registered in the office of the register of
deeds for Mecklenburg county, N C.
omu jana is soia to satisfy the debt secured by
said deed of trust.
April 17 5w C. F. BREM, Trustee.
By virtue of a deed of trust made t.r tyi o nn
the 15th day of Mav. 1891. bv Oreen l.t t
will sell at public aueiion to the highest biddt r
on Monday, the 18th day of May, 1896, at tbe
Court Houss door in Mecklenberg county, for
cash, all tbat property hereinafter described,
being Lot No. 16, map of Walter Brem. which is
registered in Book 74, page No. 16, in the offiV.e
of agister of deeds for Mecklenburg county.
Said lot is sold to satisfy the debt secnrp1 "hv
said deed of trust.
April 17 5w C. F. BREM. Trustee.
New and Pretty.
Socks, Collars and CuJ Is.
ine uest Goods and Low -Prices.
May 1, 1896
Goose Grease.
Goose grease Liniment will cure ;
matism, neuralgia, toothache, head'
sides or back and in fact every pai
it does not do this take the bottle I
druggist and get your money. Soli
Km df Rbeu
ache, pains in
b you have if
wok to your
ly all drug-
lgu 10-1 y
Observer Dosher's Report of the Month
Extremely Warm Weather.
The following meteorological summary
for the month of April, 1896, is taken
from the records of the United States
Weather Bureau station at Charlotte:
Mean atmospheric pressure 30.152
inches; highest pressure 30.484 on tbe 9tbl
lowest pressure 29.866 on the last; mean
temperature 65; highest temperature 94
on the 17th; lowest temperature 36 on
tbe 10th; least daily range 14 on the 6tb;
mean temperature for April for 18 years
59; accumulated excess of daily mean
temperature during the month 152 de
grees; average excess of daily mean terns
perature during tbe month 5.1; pre
vailing direction of wind south; total
movement of wind (in miles) daring the
month 5.127; maximum veolcity of wind
28 miles west on tbe 2d; total precipita
tion 1.90; number of days on which one
hundredth of an inch or more of precipe
tation fell 8; average precipitation, tor
April for 18 years 3:45 inches: total defi
ciency in precipitation during tbe month
1.64; total deficiency in prcipitation since
January 1st, 6.97; number of clear days
20; partly cloudy days 7; cloudy days 3;
dates of light frosts 3d and 4tb; dates of
thunder storms 1st, 17th, 21st and 24th;
date of solar halos 30th.
An unusually hot spell of weather pre
vailed from the 12 to the 21st, during
which on the 17th maximum tempera
ture reached 94 degrees, this being the
highest ttmperature -by three degrees
ever previously recorded at Charlotte
during the month of April, the highest
previous record being 91 on tbe 29th in
1888. The mean temperature for the
month, 65 degrees, was also the highest
mead ever previously recorded during
The Safest Place.
Harper's Round Table.
General Lee used to tell a story
about a darkey that served in the war.
It seems that during the heat of the
battle the General and his attendants
were posted od a small knoll watch
ing the course of tbe action. They
descried a colored soldier racing toward
them, leaping over obstacles in his path,
his face showing great fear. He rushed
up, and fell headlong on tbe ground in
front of Lee, crying, "Oh massa General,
let me stay."
Lee saw at once that tbe man was al
most frightened to death, and useless as
a soldier. It disgusted him somewhat,
but his curiosity was aroused, and he
"Did you come here to get out of the
way of the bullets?"
"Yes, massa; where de generals am is
de safest place on de field."
Mortgage Sale.
By virtue of a powar contained in a mortgage
deed made to O C. Morris, now deceased by F.
M. Winchester and wife, M. W. Winchester, on
the 22nd day of October, 1889, and registered in
book 68, page 169, in the office of the Register of
deeds for Mecklenburg county, I will sell at
public auction, at the court house door, in the
city of Charlotte N. C, on Monday, the 8th day
of June, 1896 a lot of land lying in Crab Orchard
Township, ia said county, near Hickory Grove
Church, bounded and described as follows, to-wit
Beginning at a stone near the cross roads, runs
South 23East 18 poles and 24 links, thence
North 62 East, 9 poles and 15 links, thence North
H West, 16 poles and 24 links, thence with
2. road South 62 West, 9 poles and 15 links to
the beginning, containing one acre. Upon
to the 4 there are good buildings. Terms cash,
this lanv ith. da? of May 1896.
This the . -if R. MORRI8, Administrator,
JOL. of G. C. Morris, deceased
May 7, 1896 1
Tition Sale.
CiJLVVi ,e Gj ftn execution in my
Under and by virtu directed to me from, the
hands issued out of, ana 'enburg county in ciyil
Superior Court of Mecki y. . Osborne, solic
action entitled State ex rel Q nd others, I will
itor, etc., against F. Lee Erw jfl at the county
sell for cash, at public auctx Charlotte, at 12
court house door in the city oi - June, A.
o'clock m., on Monday, tbe nrst aa ,ne right,
D. 1896, to satisfy said execution, all ,nt( p.
title, interest and estate of said deU f r m
Lee Erwin, in and to that certain tract o.
Erwin, deceased, and others, bounded as folic ni
Beginning at a stake in rorters line, corner
Lot 7, and running o. o, w . ou poies iu a siuu .
O. (black oak gone); thence - 6U w. bo poies
to a W. O.; thence N. 11 poies to d. v
stump; thence 8. 17 E. 94 poles to a stake in
the Wright's Ferry Road, corner of Lot 4; thence
with the great roaa in an easterly course iu a
large poplar, beginning corner oi uoi i; mcuw
with T.ot 7 to the bezinnine: containing 78 acres.
more or less, known as Lot No. 5 in the division.
of the lands of W. L- Erwin, aeceasea.
Z. T. SMITH, nenn.
April 30, 1896. 5w
Commissioner's Sale of Land
Hv Virtnra of a Decree of the Superior Court
of Meeklenbure county. in an action entitled
Mrs. L. L. Wheeler, et al, vs James Stedman
and wife.l will, on Monday, the 1st day of June,
isafi t 12 m . at the court house door, in Char-
l tn tha hiirhMt bidder, at Doblic
IIS l KG Vjf., dw v " r
auction, for cash, that valuable tract of land con
tainine about Eighty two (82) acres, ly-
;nr in ' Htftfil Creek Township Mecklenburg
county, adjoining the lands of Z. G. Mc
rtn;r w. D. MrOaaia-. John Stedman and
heinc described particuiarlv in
certain deed of trust by James Stedman and wife
-No.,..? stoimnn tn w. M. Little, dulv reinstereu
in book 94, page 102, of Register's office for said
countv. to wnicn reierence is maae. a ma jumj
2nd, 1896. A. G. BRENIZER,
May 7, loao. 4W. uommujaiou-er,
Trustee's Land Sale.
Tiir -airine. of & deed of trust executed to me by
w P T) ion and wile on me aa aay oi may,
1894, and recorded in the Register's office for
Mecklenburg County, in book 99, page 58. 1 will,
WuinMuiMr the 10th dav of June. 1896. at 12
o'clock m.. sell to the highest bidder, at public
auction, at the Court iiouse aoor, in me cuy ui
Charlotte, all that lot oi lana, aescnoeu in siu
deed of trust, situated in the city oi cnarioue,
ho mnntv nf Meeklenbure. State of North
n.,ni;ni -Hirinir(T the lands of J. C. Smith
if.-irmorivi lind others, and bounded as follows,
Viz On the northwest by Poplar street; on the
.nnihBHt hv Ninth street: on the northeast by
property of Franklin Cox (formerly) and on the
owneast Dy an aney, om u """""s i
f.t nn Pnnlar street and running along Ninth
street one hundred and eighty feet; also an ease
ment or right to use iorever me auey uuw
openeC on southeast boundary of said lot: Be
ing the same lot of land that was conveyed to W.
P. Dixon by JO. Smith and wife by deed
dated April 1st, 1890. and recorded in the Regis
ter of Deed's office for Mecklenburg county in
book 70, page 608. Terms, cash.
This 6th day of May, 1896
W H. N. PHARR. Trustee.
May7 4w
Some Events and Places of Interest at the
Nation's Capital Noted by the Demo
crat's Correspondent.
Washington, May 11. Headers of the
Democrat will perhaps be interested
to bear something about the events
transpiring in and around Washington
as well as immediately within the balls
of Congress: '
While Congressmen and Senators were
wrangling over tbe Venezuelan question.
over the finance question and over the
1 . I jL .i v
viuuan question, me gaueries ot each
nouse were tnrongea with numerous
spectators anxious tu see the rights of
America protected m tbe one case, or, m
tbe other, to see some legislation enacted
that might bring about a better condition
of affairs throughout the country and, in
tbe case of the Cuban discussion, to eee
some action on the part of Congress
which might encourage and aid a strug
gling people to throw off the oppressive
yoke of a mother country and to inscribe
their name among the free and independ
ent republics of tbe world. How well the
people have been satisfied I leave it for
you to judge from the action of Congress
on these respective questions.
Tbe next thing outside tbe two houses
of Congress that attracts the attention of
visitors to tbe capitol is tbe Supreme
Court room. The Supreme Court occu
pies tbe old Senate chamber. On enter
ing this room one is struck with a feeling
of reverence when be looks upon tbe
nine venerable judgeB of tbe law, robed
in their black silk gowns, expounding the
law and establishing irrevokable deciss
ions. Tbe seating capacity of the room
is very limited. So much so tbat at the
opening of a session or when some im
portant decision is pending it is crowded
to overflowing and that many anxious
spectators are unable to gain entrance.
A bill has, however, been recently intros
duced into the Senate by Mr. Morrill pro-,
viding for tbe purchase of a location and
tbe erection of a different building to be
devoted exclusively to tbe interests of the
Supreme Court. Should that bill become
a law, than the legislative and judicial
branches of tbe national government will
be in separate buildings, and the capitol
will tben be devoted exclusively to the
legislative branch of the government.
Several efforts have been made in this di
rection heretofore, but so far ihey have
all failed.
Tho new congressional library building.
situated just east of the capitol, is nearlng
completion. When completed this will
be one of the finest government buildingB
in tbe city. It is a magnificent structure
in every respect.
Washington is truly a city of statues.
Almost every park is adorned with a
statue of some famous statesman or war
rior. Statuary Hall is, of course, given
up exclusively to tbe statues of ex-Presidents,
famous statesmen and noted ex
plorers. Tbe most recent addition to this
vast collection of statues is that of James
Marquette, donated by Wisconsin, and to
whioh there was for awhile such bitter
opposition that the capitol police were
cautioned to keep a special eye on the
statue, in order that no opponent to its
erection might have any opportunity to
inflict any possible defacement upon it.
But the feeling of opposition has died
away and the statue seems to stand as
securely as any of those surrounding it.
The statue of Gen. Hancock recently
erected will be unveiled on the 12th inst.
President Cleveland will preside on that
occasion. There will be a procession, a
s.al,ute from tbe monument grounds and
other exercises customary on such an oc
A movement is on foot to erect a mon
ument to tbe honor Of Gen. Grant some
where within thecitv limits. Tbe move
ment wl inaugurated by the Grant Me
morial Association last September and
through the insumentality of that asso
ciation it found its wa7 into Congress,
and n appropriation o $250,000 has
been wired for out ol the b.ti0Dal trea8"
fphe Southern women of Washing,.00
are ully aware Gf the growing tendency'
of other sectiooja of tbe country to per
petuate tbe meraqpy of their illustrious
dead by erecting monuments and memo-
I A nm A.ntt.l 4sv 1.a?m
honor, and tbey, too, &re now earnestly
at work to secure at Washington the
erection of the Southern memorial. Tbe
movement originated with Mr. Bouss, of
New York, who donated Si 00,000 for tbat
purpose on condition that a similar sum
should be raised Dy me people oi ine
South. The ladies interested in this
movement will give an entertainment
this week, the proceeds of whieh will go
to this building fund, whether the build,
ing be erected in Washington or else
where. Of courso Washington is not tbe
GDly city contesting for this honor, but
apart from all local claims it would seem
that Washington has some superior ad
vantages, being tbe nation's capital.
Largest, Oldest and Best Equipped
Its courses are thoroughly practical, and in-
try; Banking. Joint Stock, Penmanship, Arith-
1- i-i T - r i ,wv.,4
Rnellinc and Shorthand and TvDewritine
Thoroughly competent teachers. College ia
located in Y. M. C. A. Building.
Write for particulars to
April 24-tf Proprietors
The Real and theSpurious New Woman.
Baltimore Sun.
Is the "new woman" a myth? lio-l
emphatically no, is tbe answer of Mrs
Morgan-Dockrell in tbe current number
of the Humanitarian. Mrs. Doekrell
draws tbe line between tbe genuine and
BDurious "new woman" with keen di6s
crimination. "The cause of emancipation
of women' she Bays, "bas come to be a
sort of Cave of Adullam for a whole host
of restless and discontented women, many
of whose hearts never quicken for any
cause outside the narrowest of mean self-
interests, whose only aim in life are ex
citement. license or notoriety, but all of
whose idle vaporiA&a, silly exaggerations
and absurdities ar iaid at tbe door of the
new woman."
Mrs. Doekrell oetods tbat no sane
mind could for a moment entertain the
idea that benefit could accrue to any man
or woman, or to humanity at large, by
acceptance of tbe doctrine of woman's en
tire independence of and antagonism to
- . r f I X
men, ot renunciation oi wueaoou ox, in
fact, a stand-up fiarht between the sexes
for supremacy. "Dr. Mary Walker,"
says Mrs. Doekrell, "may found her
Adamless Eden; she and her disciples for
a time may defy tbe laws ot nature, tor
which, be sure, nature will sooner or
later exact her compensation, but :as it
was in the beginning so it will be to the
end man and woman must stand or fall
together. It is love, the love of man for
woman, of woman for man, with its se
quence of domestio love, love of home, of
kin and kind that makes tbe worw go
round, that is under Heaven tbe good
liest and loveliest heritage ot humanity. i
As Mrs. Doekrell takes so healthy and
sensible a view of the relation of tbe
sexes, it is not strange that the picture
which she draws of the ideal new woman
hood is refined and attractive. Before
this ideal can be realized, however, and
woman be emancipated, before man and
woman as peers, tbe complement ot each
other, can go forward abreast and hand
in hand for tbe world's regeneration,
woman must first of all and of necessity
work for woman. "This work lies not
altogether along smooth roads, says
Mrs. Doekrell, "but over mountains of
prejudice and convention, not seldom
through foul sloughs of calumny and
willful misrepresentation, and always
amid the jeers and jests of tbe unthinking
mob. The genuine new woman neither
asks nor desires sexual superiority or su
premacy, nor ia she ashamed or aweary
of ber womanhood, one is ashamed ana
aweary, though, of the poor puppet, too
long her representative, who not alone
must needs dance to tbe tune. set, for. her
by others, but must not seldom pay the
What ia tne type ot tbe genuine "new
woman" which commends dtself to Mrs.
Dockrell's approval? Let her speak. for
herself. "The new woman is she who,
with some of tbe ablest men of tbe cen
tury, bas awakened to the fact that the
time has come when tbe work of the
world in all departments has need of
woman; that one sex cannot sufficiently
cope with the business and affairs of hu
manity; that in the intellectual sphere,:
as in the physical, there cannot be healthy
and natural creation without the co-operation
and amalgamation of all the men
tal attributes, male and female; the mate
superiority in philosophy, science. inven
tion and conception oi abstract justice
blending with tbe lemale superiority in
intuition, in altruism and in tbe fuller
and richer flow of the emotional life, the
two bait and incomplete individualities
combining and forming the perfect whole.
The new woman's faith is tbat
as strength of mind and body, cou'rage
and resolution are glorious in man, they
are not the leBS but the more so in
woman. She emphatically protests against
the idea that her humanity, apart from
wife and motherhood, counts for little or
nothing. She claims her human right
co-equally with her fellow-man to full
and free development or every power and
faculty, and she resents and cries out
against the position of being shut out
from taking part in creating the condi
tions of life."
In reply to the argument that as the
majority of women are content for things
to remain as they are tbe "new woman"is
making much ado bout nothing, Mrs
Doekrell says the contention might with
equal force be applied to tbe status of wo
man in Japan, where she is a little better
than a servant where the wife dutifully
kneels before her lord and master to feed
u.'-n, and after tbat superior animal bas
Batjged bis appetite is graciously per
mitted aine. iuiwitusiaiiuiog wuivu
state of UMDg9 8h6 Iook! ver7 nappy and
a critic who ah? that "no true f riend
of woman would .nrg hke.r J hp- -r
from the pedestal w.h,ch. V5 w
garments with the mi
-e of the arena
id toil for her,"
a ...... .. "
Mrs. Doekrell pithly says: wn" lDeD'
are the tens of thousands to do wb0 nave
no one to fight and toil for them' ,n e
arena for whom in such cases th 6 f. Z
estal means degradation or etarva.,,on7
overturn her pedestal and all, what thei
awaits such a woman but cruel realization i
of the fact that the pedestal was a lie, and
that she bad been cheated of ber Dirm
right a free reasoning, thinking, everfor-
ward, moving human souir
Hundreds of thousands of men, con
cludes Mrs. Doekrell, are willing lor
women to remain the poor doll they call
a normal woman the woman on the
pedestal, decked in furs, feathers and jew
els.hugging the gilded fetters which so apt
ly By mbolize her degradation; "but which
is the likelier to be the nobler human
creature, tbe more useful citizen, tbe fit"
ter mother of children, the sweeter,
more loyal helpmate for a true man she
or the new woman?"
It must be admitted that Mrs. Doek
rell crivee us an admirable portrait of tbe
ideal new womanhood. As drawn by her
skillful and loving hand there is no.bing
to reoel or to shock us, or to arouse
tr that tha standard or Quality of
true womanhood will be destroyed, and
tht. nn its rninR will be reared a
new fabrioof womanhood inferior in all
rMnecta to that which we now cherish
and admire.
Dismissing now the intellectual and
spiritual side of the new woman, one of
tbe innovations that she has introduced
which can be heartily approved is the
freedom and method with which
she takes to open exercise. This
is largely due to tbe general use of tbe
wheel. It bas been of the greatest bene
fit to women up to tbe present time, and
eventually will lead not only to greater
physical development but also to a more
rational sgstem of dressing: "Common
sense ideas," says tbe editor of tbe Arena
"as tbey pertain to woman's dress, are
coming to be recognized, not in tbe sense
of a fad, but as tbe very antipodes of any
desire for a coarse display such as long
marked the votaries of fashion, and which
conventionalism bus not only condoned
but upheld. Trousers were first
worn by women, and tbe Athenian critics
and poets denounced men for adopting
them as being a feminine costume."
A woman writer in tbe Health Maga
zine lays down the law , in this positive
fashion: "The skirt is neither sacred nor
eternal, and woman will no more always
wear it than she will always wear crino
line or bailoon sleeves. While the skirt
and bloomers are waging tbat inevitable
struggle for existence that comes somes
times to all things of earthly origin, you
can wear what you please only be sure
that it is what you please and pray for
the survival of tbe fittest." This is not
exactly along tbe -line of Mrs. Dockrell's
philosophy, but it is another form of tbe
new womanhood which may develop
something better tban bloomers or di
vided skirts. It is not to be sneered at
because it relates to such a trifling detail
as dress. Jiven Airs. JJockreu s "new
woman" will throw philosophy to the
wiods.qn occasion and turn her cultivated
mind to the consideration of such topics.
And when it comes to a matter of toilet
the old woman and the new will stand
upon the same platform, and both will
favor a plank declaring in favor of tbe
most fetching dress.
No Natural Antagonism Between Iabor
and Capital.
Public Opinion.
The right relation between labor and
capital and how best to maintain it is
as vital a question in tbe domain of civics
as any other possible to consider. It en
ters into tbe very essence of securing
good government through good citizen
ship." This latter is impossible among
a large class so long as tbey remain in
bondage to an idea that another class
are their natural oppressors. ine la
boring classes of this country are being
and. have .boon for more tban a generation
systematically .taught that capital was
their enemy,and that an irrepressible con
flict was pending between capital and
labor. :It is not possible to have a man
appreciate the duties and obligations of
citizenship who looks into tho faces of
his loved ones . and ,feela that they have
been deprived of life's comforts or ne
cessities through the oppression and rob-i
bery of his employers. And yet this ia
tbe feeling tbat dominates large classes
in labor organizations, and it is this that
makes it possible, at the will ot one man,
to inaugurate a strike, which at once
violates tbe rights of the publio and des
Btroys tbe fundamental obugattoas of
citizenship.-' Demagogues find this sen- :
timont a winning one, in order to gain
office, while labor agitators make it their
surest means ot obtaining a living. Is it
not tbe duty of all who desire good gov
ernment through good citizenship to cor
rect this sentiment and remove the cause
which produces it?
That labor organizations do not bring
the best results to labor is proved by an
object lessson which I will present and
which all classes may study with profit:
The Cambria Iron Company at Johns
town., Pa., has been tbe one leading in
dustry of that city for a period of nearly
50 years. It employs from 5,000 to 7,000
people. It bas run almost continuously
ever since its formation and practically
without a shut-down or a a lockout.
Through all the panics tbat have oc
curred it has still paid a dividend, and
through all labor troubles elsewhere it
has been without a strike. 2io labor
union bas ever been permitted among its
employes, but tbe company early fostered
tbe spirit of buying their own homes and
making the terms as easy as possible
with their men. The result is that more
of these in proportion to tbe general
population own their own homes than
can be found in any other community
in America, while there is less of crime
and less of pauperism among them than
elsewhere on this continent. It is a teem
ing hive of industry, but it is likewise a
city of schools and churches with less of
class distinctions than in any other com
munity I have ever known. There are
very few rich people there,with equally as
few very poor ones. The city govern
ment is also practically out of debt, and
the obligations and duties of citizenship
seem to prevail almost in an ideal de
gree. That such a state of facts exists is due
very largely to the right relation between
labor and capital, and tbe absence of tbe
arts of tbe demagogue and tbe wiles of
the walking delegate. Tbe true doc
trine bas been inculcated that the com-
pa.iy would give tbe men regular and
steady employment if tbey would in
turn s?and by tbe company; and tbe re
sult haB been more money and better
times for all concerned.
Doctor You've had two strokes and
must be very careful.
p&t Why, do three strikes put me
oat? Philadelphia Press.
It takes about three seconds for a mes.
sage to go from one end of the Atlantic ca
ble to tbe other
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report
I A Vovin? Mountain in France.
I Scientific America.
A phenomenon which, from its remark
able character, has attracted much atten
tion in Europe, recently occurred in the
department ot Ciard, France, whera
Mount Gouffro, a mass of rock 650 feet ib
height, suddenly gave way at its base
and began moving toward Gardon river,
upon the left bank of which it was sit
uated. The movement began on the lfith
of February, and on the 23d the advance
had destroyed the machinery in the pits
of the Grand 'Combe Colliery -and nearly
a mile of the Alais Railway, and had des
fleeted the course of the Gardon 6$ feet.
Six hundred persons were obliged to
leave their homes at Grand 'Combe, and,
a water famine having boon created, it
became necessary to install an engine up
stream to pump water from the river to
supply tbe inhabitants of the mining cent
On tbe 29th tbe mountain came to a
standstill, but it is believed by engineers
tbat this state of reBt will be but tem
porary, and that. tbe rocky mass will re
sume its motion, cross the Gardon, and
finally abut. against the mountain that
skirts tbe opposite side of the river.
Should this occur, very important-geological
and topographical modifications
will of course be made in the region, and
it will become necoBsary to prepare new
channels for the Gardon and Gard rivers.
' The cause of the accident is shown by
the geological structure of the mountain,
which consists of grit, green marl, lime
stone ana triassic rocks resting upon a
deep bed of clay. These different strata
dip at considerable of an angle toward
the Gardon. The mountain was there
fore influenced by its own weight to fol
low tbe slopeoffered it by this inclined
plane. Tbe position was unstable and
tbe danger imminent. Rain or the water
of the Gardon must have infiltered and
accumulated upon tbe stratum of imper
meable clay, .and such infiltrations must
have disintegrated certain points, of sup
port of tbe mountain and led to its slid
ing, which was prepared for by tbe very
arrangement of the ground. The noise
made by tbe mass while it was moving is
described as having been frightful.
The Woodland on the.Fara.
From one-fourth to' ohevtbird of the
forest lands of North Carolina are un
productive of timber. Some of this land
is waste land, clearly lying idle and pro
ductive of nothing of value; but' far the
greater part of it is Only noticeable as
tbin places in tbe Woodland, where there
is an opening in the cover of large trees,
or wbero no young trees are to be seem
beneath the old ones. Such tbin places
as these are to be seen all through woods
where cattle range or which are burned.
It means tbat a certain part of the land
of the farmer is yielding' the owner no
return for tbe investment which the land
represents and on which taxes' have to be
paid. ' " ' -
There is no denying tbat timber, lands
in North Carolina, being at a great dis
tance from the centres of consumption of
their products, cannot ' return 1 a' high.
rate of profits. Yet it is' equally as true
that there is no part of the State where
standing timber has not at the present
time some commercial value. 1 Self-interest
should make every one adopt any
method of management which will en
able an investment to increase its yield.
The reason why more attention is not
given to this evident loss from the wood
land is because it is regarded as being
small, and becauso it is considered a loss
more of the future than of the present.
There is, however, scarcely any land in
the State from which, by managing it in
the right way and that without extra
cost, the product of timber could not be
largely increased; and not only'is it capa
ble ot being largely increased but tbe
production could be of kinds of timber
which are of more valne than much that
now grows. This can be done by judi
cious cutting; taking for firewood trees
which have tbe least value, and leaving
vigorous young white and post oaks .for
ties, and pines, witb straight, bodies, lor
the saw-mill. Such trees as are left, if
they are fair-sized saplings, will in a short
time become large enough for use. But
tbe increased thickness of the growth
does more than merely increase the yield
ot timber; it adds largely to its value, if
it is to be used at all as a building mate
rial, in this way.
The deep shade makes tho tops of the
trees push rapidly upward to get at the
light which is so necessary for all tree
growtb; the lower limbs are shaded off
before tbey become large, which pre
vents the stems having knots in them.
This gives the trees, by the time they
have reached an average height, a long,
slender stem, almost free from limbs and
knots except at the top, and makes it
suitable for fine lumber, capable of being
riven into straight staves or clapboards,
with little loss, or splitting straight for
rails or posts. That tbe trunk requires
more time to acquire a large diameter is
evident, but the yield of timber for each
tree will be larger; and the yield for each
acre will be much larger.
In fact the timbered land on the farm
should be considered as much a part of
the productive land of tbe farm as the
meadow or wheat field. It should receive
care and thought, too, for often it repre
sents one-half or over of the money value
of tbe farm and usually returns the small
est yield in proportion to its value. But
all care and attention given it should
have this object in view: to make every
foot of land productive, and productive of
tbe highest class of timber which land of
that character is capable of producing.
It should be so managed that the greatest
yield should be gotten in the shortest
time and that there may be no interrup
tion of the growth when the mature or
grown trees are removed for use. Wm.
W. Ashe, in Agricultural Bulletin. .

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