Newspaper Page Text
THIS-DURHAM JDAlLv GLOBE, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 23,
CULTIVATION OF RICE. WATER PLAYS A BIG PART IN THE RAISING OF THE CEREAL. An Industry in Louisiana That la Very Profitable to the Grower, but Which ! Still In Its Infancy How Rice Fields Are Kept Flooded. "Tell you something about rice in Louisiana?" repeated Andrew C. Wilkin eon, the owner of a large rice mill in New Orleans, where the rice grown on his plantation is cleaned, at the Gilsey House. "I see that the papers have just found out that Englishmen are trying to buy up and form a trust of the rice mills in the south, although the agents have been down there for something over fiix months. Nobody is quicker than John Bull to scent a bargain. "New Orleans is the chief rice milling city of America. Fifty years ago we did not have such a thing as a rice mill, but now we have sixteen, working 220 ricf pounders and employing more than l,200 inen. Louisiana has always been known as the Sugar State, but we also want to add to it that of the Rice State of the Union. "How is it cultivated? Well, the first necessity of profitable rice culture is a comparatively level piece of land, properly prepared for the seed. This field must be located so as to be conveniently irrigated from the prairie reservoir or the flume in the levee. Highland rice does not pay in Louisiana, the only profitable rice being that grown in water. Water is the first and last want of sprouting, growing and ripening rice. Before the ground is ready for the seed it is divided up by a system of little sublevees and watering ditches. It is then planted in drills dug by machines or rather I should say that the ma chine is the proper way to do it, but the seed is frequently broadcasted with us in Louisiana. "Then comes the most delicate part, in the water manipulation. After the seed is planted the soil is thoroughly saturated with water to sprout it, but the water is at once taken off when the seeds have evenly germinated, and kept off until the tender shoots of the plant rise two or three inches above the ground. You can easily see that the young plants may be either drowned out or dried up by the least inattention in regulating the flow. DRAWBACKS TO THE WORK. On the other hand, with too much water, crawfish invade the fields and de vour the delicate plants, while with none at all, rice caterpillars cut them down and kill them. If you neglect the main flume you not only risk the total loss of your crop, but by permitting the water to get ahead of you there may come a break in the levee, and away go your cattle and crops. "The most expensive part of rice grow ing comes when it is about a foot high, after it has been liberally watered; I mean the grassing of the rice. You see, the laborers wade through the rice, pull ing up and throwing into heaps all the wi eds and water grasses they find. This fjr::ssing costs on an average about four dollars an acre, and after that is over the rice planter has but little to do ex cept to give it plenty of water. One pe culiar thing about irrigation is that the heads of the rice plants never fill out, no matter how much water you give them artificially, unless there are plenti ful rains. "One feature of rice cultivation would be great fun to city sportsmen, but is a terrible nuisance- to us. I mean the birds. Talk about your ducks and geese hiding the sun. Perfect clouds of rice birds, English sparrows, summer ducks, rail and other fowl of the air and wa ter, come to see if they can't harvest our crops for us. From daybreak to dark a perfect fusilade from the guns and old muskets is heard in hundreds of square miles of country. Over in this field you hear the shrill shouts of Creole farmers shrieking out Sunday school language in French patois; from the next probably the deep chested whoop of negro field hands, and in another the hoarse yells of the new American rice growers those who have come from the great northern wheat fields. It is scream! pop! whoop! bang! boom! in the noisiest battle from dawn to dark that you ever heard. "The rice birds are our worst enemies, and while we kill millions of them, left to manure the fields, other millions come in to take their places. The ravages of the rice birds some years are fearful, the crop being almost a total loss. Per haps now that the Yankees are coming down to grow rice they may invent some machine that will either destroy the birds or keep them away. PROFITS OF RICE CULTURE. ( "As soon as a pale yellow tint appears over the level heads of the opening jrain the water is carefully drawn off, the fields being drained as thoroughly as possible, and the work of harvesting is begun. The dried sheaves are carted direct from the field to the steam thresher, where the grain is prepared for Market, "The profits in rice planting, with good luck, will in a few years make any man rich. The yields on good lands in Lou isiana give from fifty to seventy-five bushels to the acre. Rice is a plant which is generous to the attentive and industrious farmer, but it resents neg "lect inore than any other cereal. A man can cultivate fifteen to twenty acres of rice land, and if strong and industrious he can easily secure from 1,000 to 1,500 bushels of rice, worth at present prices about a dollar a bushel. The work is not hard, except during grassing time, and, as good living is cheap with us, a .final 1 rice farmer can easily save one half of his gross income. "The cultivation of rice in Louisiana is still in its infancy. Many of the hun dreds of immigrants are yearly turning their attention to rice, and at the pres ent rate of increased acreage Louisiana will be able to supply the entire country with this most valuable cereal." New York Telegram. BUSINESS ANNOUNCEMENT. Important to Those Who Po Not Pay Killa Promptly. A number of bills are due us on sub scription and advertisements, and manj of them are worn out in being carried around for a year or more and still they are not paid. The editors of both The Sun and The Globe have turned over a new leaf. They expect pay for value received. Un less these accounts are paid, after a rea sonable number of presentations; or sat isfactorily arranged by calling on the editors of the Dm ham dailies, a list will be made of names and amounts and pub lished in the respective papers. This matter must be attended to at once. BURGLARY IN WINSTON Nro Adutittt-d Stealing Flour from I J. lir vler. Winston, X. C, Xv. 21 Burglars entered a number of resiliences and busi ness houses in Winsum Ihm night and stole money. j-iveiiy. Hour, etc Two negjoes, I'iersou and Si r-ee field, were cap'ured 1-y p lice at Kemersville this morninL', :iun admitted stealing flour fr m the v. art-house oi I). II Urovo'e;-, commissit.-i) meichant and broker. Peo ple fear that a band of burt'lars are at work here, and the police are on the lookout. LOOK AT THIS. Why Not liulld a Home and Stop the lie morseless Kent Fiend? Dr. J. L. Watkins now offers 20 fine building lots in 230 yards of and fronting Trinity college elegant location and they will be sold as cheap as anything on the market. If you want something really valuable something that must en hance in value, see Dr. J. L. Watkins, of Durham, and a bargain is yours. A Uud Place for Wrecks. When a vessel sinks in the channel through Lake George flats, near Sault St. Marie, there is plenty of trouble. The value of the vessels delayed by a wreck there recently is estimated at $14,000,000, and that of their cargoes at $4,000,000. At one time seventy lake steam vessels were anchored oh the east side of the blockade and sixty on the west side, and a new channel had to be cut through the flats to allow them to continue their ways. Four dredges worked day and night to make a channel 00 feet in length, 60 in width and 50 in depth. It i3 said that the only way to prevent accidents like that which caused the wreck is to limit the speed of vessels in the channel. There was the same trouble at the St. Clair flats until men were stationed at the ends of the chan nel to time the vessels. New York Sun. A Wonderful Underground Lake. An underground lake has been dis covered three miles from Genesse, Ida. It was found by a well digger. At a depth of sixteen feet clear, pure lake water ran out over the surface for a time, then settled back to the earth's evel. The most curious part of it is hat fish were brought to the surface on the overflow. They have a peculiar ap pearance and are sightlesss, indicating that they are underground fish. The spring has attracted much attention, and many farmers in the vicinity fear that their farms will drop into the lake. Boise (Ida.) Statesman. Itobbed While Asleep. A queer case was tried in the circuit court of Louisville Friday. The defend ant was a man who was captured in the act of committing burglary. The de- ense set up the plea that the defendant was a somnambulist and was asleep at lie time he committed the deed and was, therefore, unconscious of wrong loing. The jury believed and acquitted ;he man. Philadelphia Ledger. The ltabbit and the Kittens. J. R. Chapman has a cat that found a young rabbit in the field a few days ago and carried it home, placing it with her kittens, and now the rabbit is just like rJne of the family and seems to be as happy as any of them. The mother cat nurses it just the same as her kittens. Raymond (Ills.) Independent. . After the Vacation. You look all broken up." Naturally; just been dividing myself araong forty girls at a seaside hotel." Harper's Bazar. Happy and content is a home with The Ro chester ; a lamp with the light of the morning. Catalogues.write Rochester LampCo.. New York. For a Disordered Liver fry BEECHES PILLS. 25cts. a Box. MEREDITH & SON, Contractors and Builders, D UK 21 AM, N. C. Can find or leave word at W. Mangum & Son's Store, Mangum Street. FOR SALE BY IfcIOH-AuEIliS SZ CO. Reduced to $2.50 a Jug. to do the - Lincrusta Wo are prepared With Silks, Tapestries, etc. Designs made and Draperies furnished to suit Windows, Doors and Arches, of any class of goods. We give Special Attention to Hanging Heavy and Lace Curtains. Trills of any Design Furnished ; also Tile, Parquetry Floors, Ornamental Grates, Hot-Air and Hot-Water Heaters, and Hard-Wood Mantels. Ours is the only Agency in the State that is qualified to I mish up a Home in Hard-Woods, Decorate and Furnish complete. Royal Racket Reception ! FIT FOIl A KIG. The only true test is a trial and a trial will make it absolutely clear to you that Groceries bought from us are bought at the right place. At unpopular prices nothing can be popular; for moderate means there must be moderate figures. We believe in straightforward methods and we conduct our business on the theory that the purchaser is entitled to the fullest possible protection. Whether you buy little or much you can rest as sured of one thing you will have no exorbitant bills to pay. . We have a par ticularly fine line of Mince Meats and Holiday Goods. W. H. PROCTOR. Durham Halo Academy ! A School of High Grade for Young Men and Bovs. The Session of 1891-92 will onen on Monday, August 31, 1891, and continue forty weeks. Charges for Fall Term of '40 Weeks : Primary department. Intermediate, ? 15.00 17.50 $20.00 to 22.n0 Academic, Incidental fee. All lulls due at the beginning of each quar ter. M deductions will be made except in cases of protract ed sickness. lhe school otters unsurpassed advantages to 5'ouus? men and boys desiring to prepare them selves for collegre or the business pursuits of nie. tiSpeciai attention given to Latin, Eng lish and Mathematics. Boys entering durincr first two weeks will be charged for the term, those coming in after wards win oe etiargea irom date of entrance. forlurther particulars, see or address the Principal, L. T. BUCHANAN, Durham, N. C. DURHAM rVSETHODlST FEMALE OPENED SEPT. 7, 1891, Under the New Management. No RtiuliVs sirn pnnoi,1prvI nrtras W'hon pupils are at the pioper advancement for Music, Calisthenics, Latin, Greek and Modern iAntruages are taught without additional charges. For circulars or other information concern ing the Seniinarv appiy to MISS C. W. CAllPEN'TER. Principal. WANTED ! ! Factories of all kinds, however small. Lib- ! eral inducements. Write ehnracterof business j and amount of capital could invest. Black- i 6TOSE Land axd Imphovement Company, Biaekstone, Va. 'I J MM 1' v II SEM NARY most Artistic Decorations in Paper Hangings of all kinds and latest styles ; also m of new and classic designs, in Lignonner, Linspar, Steree and other kinds of Relief Decorations, and in LOW PRICES AID GOOD WORK IS OUR MOTTO. We are State Agents for LINCRUSTA, the Finest, Best and Most Artistic Relief Material Made in America. inufacturers' ID WE HEAR GOOD OR WAS IT Ala ORGAIVT ? If 3rou want one, don't buy from the first man you run across, but send a postal card to us and wc will prove that we can save you a good per cent. Money saved is money made. We are an old experienced house. We buy in large quantities and we have the State .Agency for each instrument we sell. We guarantee to buy from the manufactories a certain number of instruments per year. We love cash, and are offering strong in ducements to get it. Watch The Globe we'll tell you about the Kranich &. Bach Piano (highest award seven successive North Carolina State Fairs) ; about the Wegman Piano, which we have recently introduced (the only Piano with the ''patent tuning pin fastening"; about the Miller Organ, whii-h is pre-eminently the sweetest toned and most durable Organ made; about the Waterloo and Kimball Organs, Knabe and Emerson Pianos.- In writing us, say KOKTH T'A.TTJE JMTUIO COMPANY, CECIL G. STONE, Manager, RALEIGH, N. C. And we will get it sure, and you will get the points. FOE SALE! SATURDAY, ill. 28 I will offer for sale -AT- L1C AUCTION Three Lots on Watkins Street. Also Four and One-Quarter Acres of Land on Alston Avenue, Adjoining Property of Den nis Tilley and A. B. Cox. Terms h cash, balance 6 and 12 months. JOHN A, COX. JOHN C. WILKEES0N, Agent for the sale of Tombstones, Monuments AND VAULTS. Parties in need will please see me be fore purchasing. If you fail to see me, drop me a postal and I will come to see you. JT" The lowest prices guaranteed. PUB House Furnishing Agency, DURHAM. N. C. YOU SAY YOU ..;13 W 1364 by the present executlTe 27 YEARS of continuous End BueceBBfnl manns? . r.-.ct Increased annual attendance Now occupying four bnildi oen Stands anrivalfd In r.t -3 for educating YOITNO MKN AND WOMEN for sncceea in fife. In deciding upon ool for their children, PARENTS should send them to THE 1IEST, becaime it pa.fs. It y ro-jnira the expenditure of a few dollars more at first, butit will prove the cheapest in the end. K 1 A P tuition is very dear, because it means cheap teachers, cheap surrounding, inferior facil - find offers TV O opportunities for securing POSITIONS for its pupils and graduates, s Institution, owing to its M IGH standard of excellence, has placed in desirable position more i inra and women from Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, than -..u.ur institutions combined. Catalogue and particulars mailed on application. AMtcgs, VV. H. SADLER, President, and Pounder; or F. A. SADLER, Secretary, BUSINESS COLLEGE, 6,8, IO & 12 N.Charles St., BALTIMORE MD. Worth Rememberinff ! IF YOU WANT Any kind of Printing or Binding; IP TOD WANT Old Books Rebound, or Magazines, Papers, &c., Bound in Good Style ; IF YOU WANT Record Books, Ledgers, Pay Books; IF YOU WANT Legal Blanks of Reliable Form ; IF YOU WANT The North Carolina Manual of Law and Form, the best Form Book for Magistrates (price $2) an the only one re vised to date, SEND jro EDWARDS & BR0UGHTQN. Printers and Binders, RALEJGH. N. C. m v a wm in WANT A PIANO? R. B. Boone, L. L. Pampl.iv Of Durham, N. C. Of Nelson Co., Va. R. B. BOONE & CO., Office, Court House Building, DUKIIAM, N. C, Raal Mala Affile and AmIum I Will Buy, Sell and Rent Property ON COMMISSION. Personal Attention Given to All Prop erty Placed in Our Hands. REFERENCES : The First National Bank of Durham, N. C. The Fidelity Bank. Durham. N. a POOL & PUGH, Contractors and Builders, DUISIIAM, N. C. All Work Guaranteed and Prices Very Low. DK. J. C. BROWN, Surgeon Dentist ! DUKIIAM, N. C. Having practiced my profession for IS years for town and country people. I now come and locate permanently in Durham lor the prac tice of Denti!tkv, and offer my pervlee to the citizens of Dukham and surrounding Coctk y in all department of my profewion. "Office over Jonea' Jewelry Store.