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THE DUEHAM DAIL.I (JHBE, FBIOA-Y. SEPTEMBER 16
GIRAFFES IN EUROPE. THE DIFFICULTY OF OBTAINING THEM FOR EXHIBITION. Julius CtfHAr V- the Firt to Import Tfaem for tJe .:iiniteiiient and Enter tainment of the lioman Populace. Fnglautl Saw Several In 1836. The first giraffe wen in Europe since Hie tertiary epoch was obtained from Alexandria by Julius Ciesar and ex hibited at the Circensiangames to crowds who expected from its name, "camelo pard," to find in it a combination the me of a camel and the ferocity of a panther. Pliny, who described it, echoed the public disappointment. "It was as rpniet," he wrote, "as a styeep." The trade probably reached its maxi mum after it became the fashion to ex hibit combats of wild beasts at Rome; yet even the n giraffes seem to have been scarce in the iopular ehows, though IVinpey could exhibit 500 lions at a time, and tho Emperor Titus, at the ded ication of his new theater, caused the slaughter of f,000 wild beasts. Either th number of wild animals in the prov inces must have been beyond anything since known, or tho Roman governors must have used their despotic powers freely to oblige their friends. Despots are the best collectors, and from the fall of the Roman empire till the arrival of those placed in the zoolog ical gardens in 1836 the rare appear iinees of the giraffe in Europe were in .-;ir h case due to tho munificence of extern sultans and pashas. The prince of Damascus gave one to the Emperor Frederick II in 121. "5, and the soldau of E-rypt presented another to Lorenzo the .Magnificent, which became the pet of Florence, and u( d to be allowed to walk in the streets and take the presents of fruit and calces extended to it from the haleoiiies. From this time the giraffe was not seen in Europe until in 1827 the p.iMia of Egypt sent Tour to Constanti nople. Venice. England and France re sjectively. The giralTe sent to England was in '.-a 1 health and soon died; but the Pari--Uwis went wild over the pasha's present. It had spent the winter at Marseilles, and throve there on the milk of the cows which the pasha had sent over for its use from Egypt. The prefect of Mar seilles had the arms of France embroid ered on its body cloth, and it entered Paris escorted by a Darfour negro, Has s:i:i, an Aral); a Marseilles groom, a mulatto interpreter, the prefect of Mar seilles himself and a professor from the "Jardin des Plantes," while troops kept back tho crowd. Thousands came every day to see it. and men and women wore gloves, gowns and waistcoats of the color of its spots. I Jut the successful expenditure by which, in 1S315, M. Thibaut procured a stock of giraffes for the Zoological so ciety owed nothing to the patronage of the pasha of Egypt beyond permission to enter the Soudan. The caravan left the Nile near Dongola, and thence passed on to the desert of Kordofan. There M. Thibaut engaged the services of the Arab sword hunters, whose skill and courage were of such service to Sir Samuel Eaker in his expedition thirty years later to tho sources of the Nile tributaries, and in two days they sighted the giraffes. A femah with a fawn was first pur sued by the Arab-;, who killed the ani mal with their swords, and next day tracked and caught the fawn in the thorny iMimosa scrub. For four days the yo!i!i' giraffe was secured by a cord, the end of which was held by one of the Arabs: at the end of that time it wa3 perfectly tame, and trotted ater the cr-ravan v.i-h the female camels which had beep. bi 'ag;it to supply it with milk. The Arab- y.-imv excellent nurses, and taught th" young creature to drink milk by pr.tri;; their ringers into its month and so i;Ii!cing it to suck. Four .thers which M. Thibaut caught died in the col. 1 weather in the desert. I ut lie replaced three of these and brought four, including the first taken, down the Nile to Alexandria, and then tv ship to Malta. "Providence alone," he wrote, "enabled m to surmount these difficulties." From Malta they were l.roiU'i: to London and safely lodged in the Zci.lo, ic.il gardens in the summer of is:::. The largest was then about eleven feet high, the height of an adult male In ing twelve feet at tho shoulders and eighteen feet at the head. For many years, as we have said, the giraffes throve and multiplied. They readily took to European food, and ate hay and Ire.sh gnu-s from the tall racks with which their stables were fitted. Onions and sugar were their favorite delu-acies. and in search of sugar they would follow their keepers and slip their long prehensile tongues into his hands or p-ckets. Hut they always retained a liking for eating flowers, a reminis cence perhaps of the days when their p;::e:it feasted on mimosa blossoms in tl. tie et t; some time ago one was seen to v,ri tth its neck over the railings and to delicately nip off an artificial rose in a young l i ly's hat. They were most af feetvi:.ii v i it .i....es. and, as M. Thibaut notice 1 when m charge of them in up - p r Egypt, would shed tears if they mi.-v.l their comiwinions or their usual attendants. Put the development of the lachrymal ducts, which enable the giraffe to ex ores its emotions in this very human fashion, i. Iss obvious than the won derful size a:d Kiuty of the eyes them f:dvs. which are far larger than those of any other quadruped. While the ur.lidi's power remains unbroken at Khartoum, there is little probability that the Soudan traders will be able to supply any giraffes to occupy the empty house in Regent's juirk. London Spec tator. Street! for the MorUu In Hartford there is a succession of streets named as follows: Edward, Smith. Grand, Flower, Garden. Edward Smith ought certainly to have a grand flower garden to occupy so many streets. Meehan8 Monthly. Walld Cltica in India and China. The first glimpse we get of an eastern walled city unfolds at once memories of our childhood days, w.hich have perhaps never been awakened since, and the pic tures of our childish books, which im pressed themselves so vividly upon our minds, are reproduced in the bright col ors of old, when we are brought face to face with the quaint battlements and the dark gateways, with the accessories of bright, burning sunshine and tur baned figures and processions of camels ind the listless calm of the tropical land. Such old cities are still to be seen in In dia, still walled in the old fashion and till peopled by the figures of the Biblical picture book. Closely akin to them are those walled towns standing on the canals of mid China, passing through which, say at the close of day, when every tower and every roof stands out clearly cut against the "brilliant western sky and we are challenged by a grotesque figure, armed with a spear and probably wearing armor, the illusion is complete, and for the moment we find it hard to realize that we are traveling at the end of the Nineteenth century. Even in much changed Japan there are old cities which still retain their walls of tho acre of feudalism, and in the very heart of the capital the imperial palace is surrounded by the same quaint forti fications which in old troublous times made it an imperium in imperio, al though the walls are crumbling and the gates are neer shut, and the moats have been abandoned to the lotus and to carp of monstrous size and fabulous age. Cor. Chicago Herald. The Azores. In 1580 the Azores came under the power of Spain, and in the history of the next twenty years their name is fre quent as the favorite battleground of the English and Spanish fleets. The partiality was, indeed, mainly on the side of the former, and for a good rea son. These islands lay right in the track of all vessels sailing to and from that enchanted region known then to all men as the Spanish Main. On the highest peak of Terceira, whence in clear weather the sea could be scanned for leagues around, were raised two col umns, and by them a man watched night and day. When he saw any sails approaching from the west he set a flag upon the western column, one for each sail; if they came from the east a simi lar sign was set up on the eastern col umn. Hither in those days came up out of the mysterious western seas the great argosies laden with gold and silver and jewels, with silks and spices and rare woods, wrung at the cost of thousands of harmless'jlives and cruelties unspeak able from the fair lands which lie be tween the waters of the Caribbean sea and the giant wall of the Andes. And hither, when England too began to turn her eyes to El Dorado, came the great war galleons of Spain and Portugal L meet these precious cargoes and convoy them safe into Lisbon or Cadiz before those terrible English sea wolves could get scent of the prize. Macmillan's Magazine. Important Advice. A gentleman who believed that to an important extent clothes made the man, even when the man is a royal personage, visited the Comte de Chambord at Frons. dorf a few years ago. The Comte de Chambord was the grandson of Charles X. the last Bourbon king of France, and the French Royalists called him Henri V, and hoied, until his death, in 1883, to restore him to the throne. The mar quis, of whom this story is told, was a Parisian, a man of fashion and an ar dent Royalist . The Comte de Chambord was glad of an opportunity to talk over political affairs with a man who must know what was going on in Paris; so after a few minutes' chat he said: "Mar quis, it is not often that I have a chance to talk with any one so well informed on the signs of the times in Paris as yourself. Now in case I return to Paris, what would you advise me to do?" He waited for a bit of profound po litical philosophy. The marquis looked at "Henri the Fifth" and hesitated. Should he venture on a great liberty? But his advice had been asked; as a loyal subject he would give it frankly. "Sire monseigneur," he stammered, "I think you had better give up your Ger man tailor and have your trousers made in Paris." "My trousers!" "Yes, sire; pardon me, but your trousers are out of fashion." San Francisco Argonaut. strange Kflect of Kxtrenie Cold. Dr. Moss, of the English polar expe dition of 1875-7, among many other things, tells of the strange effects of the extreme cold upon the candles they burned. The temperature was from 35 to 50 degs. below zero, and the doctor says he wa considerably discouraged when upon looking at his candle he dis covered that the flame "had all it could do to keep warm. It was so cold that the flame could not melt all of the tallow of tie candle, but was forced to eat its way down, leaving a sort of skeleton candle standing. There was heat enough, however, to melt odd shaped holes in the thin walls of tallow, the result be ing a U autifnl lacelike cylinder of white with a narrow tongue of yellow flame burning on the inside and sending out many strealrs of light into the darkness. St. Louis Repnblic. Ait I'ulucVy Number. "1 should think Pope Leo XIII would be a very unhappy manl-" said Judge Pennybunker. "I should think he wonld.be troubled with dreadful fore bodings?" "Why so?" asked Colonel Yerger. "Because he can never sit down to the table without being the thirteenth Leo XIII," replied Judge Pennybunker. Texa-v Sittings. Material for Glass. For making the let mirrors the ne cessary silica is obtained from ordinary white quartz, while common window fumes are produced from sea sand to a large extent. Washington Star. UNFORGOntN. Tbe morning boars were merry. The tcenial inoon is calm, Tl -jrrstr.ee of the wild rose i a healing balm: TL.--1.-. fts within the woodland Carol a happy aong. But in my heart abides still A sorrow deep and strong My poor lost lore! The glittering streamlet murmurs Over ita pebbly bed. The fleecy cloud is sailing So Hjrhtly. overhead; The southern breeze is playing Among the hazel boughs; But, ah! remembrance dies not Of hopeful, happy vows My poor lost lovel The calm lone hills ascending Toward the clear blue sky. O'erlock the smiling valley Where here at rest 1 Lie: Those lone hills are the emblem Of that far silent land. Where she 1 loved is retting. One of a countless band My poor lost lovel A vision of a yew tree- A narrow, turf clad grave The winter of a country Where winds tempestuous rave: A little torrent falling. With moaning, mournful sound. Fills my imagination Par more than all around. My poor lost lovel Ah! gentle, joyous Nature. Thy wearied, mourning child Delights in thy rejoicing. But may not be beguiled From thinking of that dear one. With dull heart aching sore: My own, my vanished loved one. Sly soul's light evermore- My poor lost love! - Gentleman's Magazine. A Fly That Kill Uorscs. All white men who visit regions in Africa infested by the tsetse fly have much to say about it. There is now evidence that the tsetse is moving grad ually to more northern regions, and the cause is supposed to bo that South Africa is depleted of its large game, much of which is moving northward to get away from hunters, and the tsetse fly is going with it. The insect is only a little larger than the ordinary house fly, and it resembles the honey bee. Its sting is hardly as annoying as that of the mosquito, but near the base of the proboscis is a little bag which contains its poison. It lives on the blood of animals, and only a few species are fatally affected by its bite. Cattle, horses and dogs, however, can not live when bitten by the tsetse fly. Natives who herd cattle and travelers who depend on horses and oxen must avoid the fly regions or lose their stock. For human beings its bite has no serious consequences. Pittsburg Dispatch. A Perfectly Healthy People. The Parsees are sun worshipers, and it is an interesting sight to see throngs of them on the shore of the bay as the sun rises, apparently from the sea, per forming the simple rites of their religion, tho fluttering robes showing their fine figures to the best advantage as the day begins. Their religious practices are simple in the extreme, consisting main ly in strict dietary rules and personal cleanliness. The rigid observance of sanitary laws produces the natural result of perfect health among the adults, large families of active, healthy children and immense numbers of old men, gray bearded, white haired, but erect and princely in their gait and attitude, despite the naturally enervating character of the tropical climate. Cor. Washington Star. Limestone Caves iu I'urniah. The question has been raised whether the numerous limestone caves in British Bunnah have been explored for archae ological remains. The Rev. F. Mason pointed out the probability of an exam ination of the stalagmite floors of these caves yielding important archaeological discoveries in 1872. Many of the caves were known to have been used by the Buddhists of former generations, as Buddhist idols were fomid in them, and it is probable they were inhabited by men in the early time. Philadelphia Ledger. The Pleasures of Heinjj a Barber. Barbering has been a very genteel art, and it might be fine yet. The fee is so small there is no excuse for doing a credit business, and there is no bore of bookkeeping. The chink drops in fast, and "Next!" is a merry cry. And what a luxury it is to have a man fumble your face and head. The bar ber's nimble, strong fingers rouses your somnolent wits. It is delicious to be kneaded, combed, brushed, bathed, cur ried, spruced up. National Barber. Ex-Prctident White's Collection. It is not generally known, we think, that Andrew D. White, formerly presi dent of Cornell university, has a remark able collection of posters, including a number of the original incendiary pla cards and Irill put up in the streets of Paris during the frightful period of the French revolntion. Chicago News The Principal Meal. - The principal meal of all people of all ages has been undoubtedly dinner, and the lover of old time customs will find it both interesting and entertaining to no tice the various changes which have taken place in the etiquette of the din ner table. Chicago Herald. Everybody Uses Tobacco In India. It is not. as among the English, that only some men smoke tobacco, but with rare exceptions in India all natives, men and women, indulge in this weed in aoine form cr other. Chambers' Jour nal. j Probably the estimate of the earth's ! populatiou for the year 1891, made by a learned German statistician, is the most t nearly accurate of any yet made 1.430.- The hunk capital of Boston at the be ginning of this century, including a branch bank of the United States, was about $2,500,000. The highest salary drawn by a diplo matist is that of the French embassador to London, which is $60,000 a year. DURHAM SUPPLY CO. ANNOUNCE ARRIVAL -OF- Entire New Stock Trunks ! Umbrellas ! Valises-! Hand Bags ! Telescopes and Grips! Wc be especially to call your at ' tention to the Celebrated Roller Tray Trunks ! BEAK THIS IN MIND : We will not be Undersold ! New Stock Umbrellas I Our Umbrellas, with a guarantee to give satisfaction, selling fast $1.23 Gloria Siik Umbrella for $ 85 1.50 Gloria Silk Umbrella for 1.00 2.00 Gloria Silk Umbrella for 1.35 JTO CLOSE Counter each of Lace Cur tains and Counterpanes. m Durham Supply Go. IfcCadm. Street. 14 YEAKS SUFFERING DR. MILES' RESTORATIVE NERVINE OR. WILES! Pari A. F. Stark. Resbralta Perm Tan. N. T. 'lOYcan of Sick NERVINE. HeadachsCured by Two i-otuea." u' Emellne Flint.Ot awa, Oblo. r inn la tha aulek 'ITU MtUL ' tcnu a j forSleepleMnea mm Prnatratlon. X!pllepT, St. Tlta Bne. Opium Habit, Kervoni D7pepl&.Uyaterl Convulsions, A corals is. 1 ftruiym, m uuuhuu kdiuj. Trial Bottle and Elegant Book Free at drugf 1st. DR. MILES. MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind. THE KEELEY INSTITUTE ! Twelve Years of Established Merit ! NOTE OF WARNING ! TO TIIK PUBLIC: Dwight, III., April SO,-1892. As a matter of justice to ourselves and to the reputation of Dr. Leslie E. Keeley's Double Chloride of Gold remedies, for the cure of the liquor, opium, morphine and tobacco diseases and Neurasthenia, we warn the public that these remedies are used by no institution or sanitarium in the United States except thoe established by oua com pany under the uniform name of "The Keeley Institute.' All others claiming to ue our remedies are frauds and importers. We have now sixty Keeley Institutes es tablished in various parts of the I'nitcd States where the Keeley treatment b ad ministered and the Keeley remedies told. We, however, caution all to examine well and know that they are dealing with genuine representatives, authorized by us, tafore taking the treatment or purchasing remedies. The fraudulent establishments ue the name of "Bi-Chloride of Gold," or t-imilar titles. The newspapers do not discriminate suffi ciently to know that they are imitators, and so Hit down all accidents occurring at such establishments as being brought about by the Keeley treatment. This is a matter of much concern to us, hence this warning. Respectfully yours, TIIK LESLIE E. KEELEY CO. Curtis J. Jndd, Sec'y and Treas. ' Tlic Kc-tley institute at "Jreen-loro, X. C, is the only one in the state, and all repre sentations that there is in the ttate any cure that is identical with, or the same as, the Ketley Double Chloride of (iold Cure are malicious, false, and made for the purpose of deceiving. We learn with indignant regret j that such claim is being made, and feeling ; that if it be hurtful to us it will prove more disastrous to those who are deceived thereby, we sound ihis warning. The Keeley Institute, -Greensboro, X. C FOR' 30 My EntireStock, for Below Everything in the Millinery Line going Cheap these days. Stock must be reduced. Laces are away down much below cost. Ribbons you can't find such bargains. Straw Edge an elegant line, also below cost.SJ If you want Real Bargains in this line, visit the Milli nery Store of MRS. A. J. PAUCETTE & CO. KRANICH & Received a Special Award at the N. C. State Fair, October, x 1890. (This year there was no award, as only one maker exhibited.) Here it is : "Kranieh Upright 1'ianos, exhibited by the North Stale Music Co., aud not placed in competition, should receive a special award, as they arc the best pianos on the grounds in every particular detaif." pianos (Signed), We claim that the Kranich & Bach will stand in tune longer than any.othcv make and last longer; that they have more improvements of value than all others combined. They hold their tone and never get tinny or metalic. An inspection investigation will convince. Sole Agents for North Carolina. NORTH STATE MUSIC COMPANY G. Gm STOEIE., IHAKTAGER Established 1817.1 MAN UFACTUItKKS OF AND WIIOLERALE DliALKICH IN All Kinds of Material and Tools -FOK- MACHINISTS, PLUMBERS, GAS AND STEAM FITTEE8, CONTRACTORS FOR Heating by Steam or Hot Water. MANUFACTURERS OF All the Most Modern Sanitary and Improved Appliances. S. W. IIOLMAN, Manauerv Where a full Stock of all such Goods will be kept constantly on band and for tle t at lowest Richmond prices. SPECIAL NOTICE! Fliam "blzig O-sus and. Steaito. fitting, . Backed by the long and extensive experience of the above named gentlemen, I am prepared to contract for all kinds of Plumbing, Gas and Steam fitting, and to execute the same with the assistance of the most skilled Mechanics from their establishment. Give us a call. 3. W. HOLMAN, Manager, Main Street. Durham. N. C. The North Carolina and Newport News Co, CAPITAL STOCK, 150,000.00. Par value 100 per share, fully paid with G0 in 20 months. OFFICERS: B. L. DUKE, President, Durham. W. S. HALLIBURTON, Sec, Durham. LEO D. HEARTT, Treasurer, Durham, j J. S. LIPSCOMB, Gen. Man'r, Durbtm. Chartered under the Laws of Having purchased outright 178 of the most beautiful and desirable lots st Newport News, for a bort time only tbe Company offers for sale a limited number of its shares of stock on the following easy payments: $5.00 per share cash, $5 00 in one month, $5.00 in two months, $5.00 in three months, then $5.00 per share every two months until $00.00 shall have been paid. Investment Safe, Attractive and Profitable. For Prospectus and particulars apply to Office up stairs, Mangum building. DAYS I 30 days, will be sold Cost!4 BACH PIAH0S DIt. AUG. KURSTEINER, V. 0. R OYSTER. the State of North Carolina. T- S. LIPSCOMB, General Mtntger. V 1 ,-7 "