THE DUEHAM DAIL.I (JHBE, FBIOA-Y. SEPTEMBER 16
GIRAFFES IN EUROPE.
THE DIFFICULTY OF OBTAINING
THEM FOR EXHIBITION.
Julius CtfHAr V- the Firt to Import
Tfaem for tJe .:iiniteiiient and Enter
tainment of the lioman Populace.
Fnglautl Saw Several In 1836.
The first giraffe wen in Europe since
Hie tertiary epoch was obtained from
Alexandria by Julius Ciesar and ex
hibited at the Circensiangames to crowds
who expected from its name, "camelo
pard," to find in it a combination the
me of a camel and the ferocity of a
panther. Pliny, who described it, echoed
the public disappointment. "It was as
rpniet," he wrote, "as a styeep."
The trade probably reached its maxi
mum after it became the fashion to ex
hibit combats of wild beasts at Rome;
yet even the n giraffes seem to have been
scarce in the iopular ehows, though
IVinpey could exhibit 500 lions at a
time, and tho Emperor Titus, at the ded
ication of his new theater, caused the
slaughter of f,000 wild beasts. Either
th number of wild animals in the prov
inces must have been beyond anything
since known, or tho Roman governors
must have used their despotic powers
freely to oblige their friends.
Despots are the best collectors, and
from the fall of the Roman empire till
the arrival of those placed in the zoolog
ical gardens in 1836 the rare appear
iinees of the giraffe in Europe were in
.-;ir h case due to tho munificence of
extern sultans and pashas. The prince
of Damascus gave one to the Emperor
Frederick II in 121. "5, and the soldau of
E-rypt presented another to Lorenzo the
.Magnificent, which became the pet of
Florence, and u( d to be allowed to walk
in the streets and take the presents of
fruit and calces extended to it from the
haleoiiies. From this time the giraffe
was not seen in Europe until in 1827 the
p.iMia of Egypt sent Tour to Constanti
nople. Venice. England and France re
sjectively. The giralTe sent to England was in
'.-a 1 health and soon died; but the Pari--Uwis
went wild over the pasha's present.
It had spent the winter at Marseilles,
and throve there on the milk of the cows
which the pasha had sent over for its
use from Egypt. The prefect of Mar
seilles had the arms of France embroid
ered on its body cloth, and it entered
Paris escorted by a Darfour negro, Has
s:i:i, an Aral); a Marseilles groom, a
mulatto interpreter, the prefect of Mar
seilles himself and a professor from the
"Jardin des Plantes," while troops kept
back tho crowd. Thousands came every
day to see it. and men and women wore
gloves, gowns and waistcoats of the
color of its spots.
I Jut the successful expenditure by
which, in 1S315, M. Thibaut procured a
stock of giraffes for the Zoological so
ciety owed nothing to the patronage of
the pasha of Egypt beyond permission
to enter the Soudan. The caravan left
the Nile near Dongola, and thence
passed on to the desert of Kordofan.
There M. Thibaut engaged the services
of the Arab sword hunters, whose skill
and courage were of such service to Sir
Samuel Eaker in his expedition thirty
years later to tho sources of the Nile
tributaries, and in two days they sighted
A femah with a fawn was first pur
sued by the Arab-;, who killed the ani
mal with their swords, and next day
tracked and caught the fawn in the
thorny iMimosa scrub. For four days
the yo!i!i' giraffe was secured by a cord,
the end of which was held by one of the
Arabs: at the end of that time it wa3
perfectly tame, and trotted ater the
cr-ravan v.i-h the female camels which
had beep. bi 'ag;it to supply it with milk.
The Arab- y.-imv excellent nurses, and
taught th" young creature to drink milk
by pr.tri;; their ringers into its month
and so i;Ii!cing it to suck.
Four .thers which M. Thibaut caught
died in the col. 1 weather in the desert.
I ut lie replaced three of these and
brought four, including the first taken,
down the Nile to Alexandria, and then
tv ship to Malta. "Providence alone,"
he wrote, "enabled m to surmount these
difficulties." From Malta they were
l.roiU'i: to London and safely lodged in
the Zci.lo, ic.il gardens in the summer
of is:::. The largest was then about
eleven feet high, the height of an adult
male In ing twelve feet at tho shoulders
and eighteen feet at the head. For
many years, as we have said, the giraffes
throve and multiplied. They readily
took to European food, and ate hay and
Ire.sh gnu-s from the tall racks with
which their stables were fitted.
Onions and sugar were their favorite
delu-acies. and in search of sugar they
would follow their keepers and slip their
long prehensile tongues into his hands
or p-ckets. Hut they always retained
a liking for eating flowers, a reminis
cence perhaps of the days when their
p;::e:it feasted on mimosa blossoms in
tl. tie et t; some time ago one was seen
to v,ri tth its neck over the railings and
to delicately nip off an artificial rose in
a young l i ly's hat. They were most af
feetvi:.ii v i it .i....es. and, as M. Thibaut
notice 1 when m charge of them in up
- p r Egypt, would shed tears if they
mi.-v.l their comiwinions or their usual
Put the development of the lachrymal
ducts, which enable the giraffe to ex
ores its emotions in this very human
fashion, i. Iss obvious than the won
derful size a:d Kiuty of the eyes them
f:dvs. which are far larger than those
of any other quadruped. While the
ur.lidi's power remains unbroken at
Khartoum, there is little probability
that the Soudan traders will be able to
supply any giraffes to occupy the empty
house in Regent's juirk. London Spec
tator. Street! for the MorUu
In Hartford there is a succession of
streets named as follows: Edward,
Smith. Grand, Flower, Garden. Edward
Smith ought certainly to have a grand
flower garden to occupy so many streets.
Walld Cltica in India and China.
The first glimpse we get of an eastern
walled city unfolds at once memories of
our childhood days, w.hich have perhaps
never been awakened since, and the pic
tures of our childish books, which im
pressed themselves so vividly upon our
minds, are reproduced in the bright col
ors of old, when we are brought face to
face with the quaint battlements and
the dark gateways, with the accessories
of bright, burning sunshine and tur
baned figures and processions of camels
ind the listless calm of the tropical land.
Such old cities are still to be seen in In
dia, still walled in the old fashion and
till peopled by the figures of the Biblical
Closely akin to them are those walled
towns standing on the canals of mid
China, passing through which, say at
the close of day, when every tower and
every roof stands out clearly cut against
the "brilliant western sky and we are
challenged by a grotesque figure, armed
with a spear and probably wearing
armor, the illusion is complete, and for
the moment we find it hard to realize
that we are traveling at the end of the
Even in much changed Japan there
are old cities which still retain their walls
of tho acre of feudalism, and in the very
heart of the capital the imperial palace
is surrounded by the same quaint forti
fications which in old troublous times
made it an imperium in imperio, al
though the walls are crumbling and the
gates are neer shut, and the moats have
been abandoned to the lotus and to carp
of monstrous size and fabulous age.
Cor. Chicago Herald.
In 1580 the Azores came under the
power of Spain, and in the history of
the next twenty years their name is fre
quent as the favorite battleground of
the English and Spanish fleets. The
partiality was, indeed, mainly on the
side of the former, and for a good rea
son. These islands lay right in the
track of all vessels sailing to and from
that enchanted region known then to
all men as the Spanish Main. On the
highest peak of Terceira, whence in
clear weather the sea could be scanned
for leagues around, were raised two col
umns, and by them a man watched
night and day. When he saw any sails
approaching from the west he set a flag
upon the western column, one for each
sail; if they came from the east a simi
lar sign was set up on the eastern col
umn. Hither in those days came up out of
the mysterious western seas the great
argosies laden with gold and silver and
jewels, with silks and spices and rare
woods, wrung at the cost of thousands
of harmless'jlives and cruelties unspeak
able from the fair lands which lie be
tween the waters of the Caribbean sea
and the giant wall of the Andes. And
hither, when England too began to turn
her eyes to El Dorado, came the great
war galleons of Spain and Portugal L
meet these precious cargoes and convoy
them safe into Lisbon or Cadiz before
those terrible English sea wolves could
get scent of the prize. Macmillan's
A gentleman who believed that to an
important extent clothes made the man,
even when the man is a royal personage,
visited the Comte de Chambord at Frons.
dorf a few years ago. The Comte de
Chambord was the grandson of Charles
X. the last Bourbon king of France, and
the French Royalists called him Henri
V, and hoied, until his death, in 1883, to
restore him to the throne. The mar
quis, of whom this story is told, was a
Parisian, a man of fashion and an ar
dent Royalist . The Comte de Chambord
was glad of an opportunity to talk over
political affairs with a man who must
know what was going on in Paris; so
after a few minutes' chat he said: "Mar
quis, it is not often that I have a chance
to talk with any one so well informed
on the signs of the times in Paris as
yourself. Now in case I return to Paris,
what would you advise me to do?"
He waited for a bit of profound po
litical philosophy. The marquis looked
at "Henri the Fifth" and hesitated.
Should he venture on a great liberty?
But his advice had been asked; as a
loyal subject he would give it frankly.
"Sire monseigneur," he stammered, "I
think you had better give up your Ger
man tailor and have your trousers made
in Paris." "My trousers!" "Yes, sire;
pardon me, but your trousers are out of
fashion." San Francisco Argonaut.
strange Kflect of Kxtrenie Cold.
Dr. Moss, of the English polar expe
dition of 1875-7, among many other
things, tells of the strange effects of the
extreme cold upon the candles they
burned. The temperature was from 35
to 50 degs. below zero, and the doctor
says he wa considerably discouraged
when upon looking at his candle he dis
covered that the flame "had all it could
do to keep warm. It was so cold that
the flame could not melt all of the tallow
of tie candle, but was forced to eat its
way down, leaving a sort of skeleton
candle standing. There was heat enough,
however, to melt odd shaped holes in
the thin walls of tallow, the result be
ing a U autifnl lacelike cylinder of white
with a narrow tongue of yellow flame
burning on the inside and sending out
many strealrs of light into the darkness.
St. Louis Repnblic.
Ait I'ulucVy Number.
"1 should think Pope Leo XIII would
be a very unhappy manl-" said Judge
Pennybunker. "I should think he
wonld.be troubled with dreadful fore
bodings?" "Why so?" asked Colonel Yerger.
"Because he can never sit down to the
table without being the thirteenth Leo
XIII," replied Judge Pennybunker.
Material for Glass.
For making the let mirrors the ne
cessary silica is obtained from ordinary
white quartz, while common window
fumes are produced from sea sand to a
large extent. Washington Star.
Tbe morning boars were merry.
The tcenial inoon is calm,
Tl -jrrstr.ee of the wild rose
i a healing balm:
TL.--1.-. fts within the woodland
Carol a happy aong.
But in my heart abides still
A sorrow deep and strong
My poor lost lore!
The glittering streamlet murmurs
Over ita pebbly bed.
The fleecy cloud is sailing
So Hjrhtly. overhead;
The southern breeze is playing
Among the hazel boughs;
But, ah! remembrance dies not
Of hopeful, happy vows
My poor lost lovel
The calm lone hills ascending
Toward the clear blue sky.
O'erlock the smiling valley
Where here at rest 1 Lie:
Those lone hills are the emblem
Of that far silent land.
Where she 1 loved is retting.
One of a countless band
My poor lost lovel
A vision of a yew tree-
A narrow, turf clad grave
The winter of a country
Where winds tempestuous rave:
A little torrent falling.
With moaning, mournful sound.
Fills my imagination
Par more than all around.
My poor lost lovel
Ah! gentle, joyous Nature.
Thy wearied, mourning child
Delights in thy rejoicing.
But may not be beguiled
From thinking of that dear one.
With dull heart aching sore:
My own, my vanished loved one.
Sly soul's light evermore-
My poor lost love!
- Gentleman's Magazine.
A Fly That Kill Uorscs.
All white men who visit regions in
Africa infested by the tsetse fly have
much to say about it. There is now
evidence that the tsetse is moving grad
ually to more northern regions, and the
cause is supposed to bo that South
Africa is depleted of its large game,
much of which is moving northward to
get away from hunters, and the tsetse
fly is going with it.
The insect is only a little larger than
the ordinary house fly, and it resembles
the honey bee. Its sting is hardly as
annoying as that of the mosquito, but
near the base of the proboscis is a little
bag which contains its poison. It lives
on the blood of animals, and only a few
species are fatally affected by its bite.
Cattle, horses and dogs, however, can
not live when bitten by the tsetse fly.
Natives who herd cattle and travelers
who depend on horses and oxen must
avoid the fly regions or lose their stock.
For human beings its bite has no serious
consequences. Pittsburg Dispatch.
A Perfectly Healthy People.
The Parsees are sun worshipers, and
it is an interesting sight to see throngs
of them on the shore of the bay as the
sun rises, apparently from the sea, per
forming the simple rites of their religion,
tho fluttering robes showing their fine
figures to the best advantage as the day
begins. Their religious practices are
simple in the extreme, consisting main
ly in strict dietary rules and personal
The rigid observance of sanitary laws
produces the natural result of perfect
health among the adults, large families
of active, healthy children and immense
numbers of old men, gray bearded,
white haired, but erect and princely in
their gait and attitude, despite the
naturally enervating character of the
tropical climate. Cor. Washington
Limestone Caves iu I'urniah.
The question has been raised whether
the numerous limestone caves in British
Bunnah have been explored for archae
ological remains. The Rev. F. Mason
pointed out the probability of an exam
ination of the stalagmite floors of these
caves yielding important archaeological
discoveries in 1872. Many of the caves
were known to have been used by the
Buddhists of former generations, as
Buddhist idols were fomid in them, and
it is probable they were inhabited by
men in the early time. Philadelphia
The Pleasures of Heinjj a Barber.
Barbering has been a very genteel art,
and it might be fine yet. The fee is so
small there is no excuse for doing a
credit business, and there is no bore of
bookkeeping. The chink drops in fast,
and "Next!" is a merry cry.
And what a luxury it is to have a man
fumble your face and head. The bar
ber's nimble, strong fingers rouses your
somnolent wits. It is delicious to be
kneaded, combed, brushed, bathed, cur
ried, spruced up. National Barber.
Ex-Prctident White's Collection.
It is not generally known, we think,
that Andrew D. White, formerly presi
dent of Cornell university, has a remark
able collection of posters, including a
number of the original incendiary pla
cards and Irill put up in the streets of
Paris during the frightful period of the
French revolntion. Chicago News
The Principal Meal.
- The principal meal of all people of all
ages has been undoubtedly dinner, and
the lover of old time customs will find it
both interesting and entertaining to no
tice the various changes which have
taken place in the etiquette of the din
ner table. Chicago Herald.
Everybody Uses Tobacco In India.
It is not. as among the English, that
only some men smoke tobacco, but with
rare exceptions in India all natives, men
and women, indulge in this weed in
aoine form cr other. Chambers' Jour
nal. j Probably the estimate of the earth's
! populatiou for the year 1891, made by a
learned German statistician, is the most
t nearly accurate of any yet made 1.430.-
The hunk capital of Boston at the be
ginning of this century, including a
branch bank of the United States, was
The highest salary drawn by a diplo
matist is that of the French embassador
to London, which is $60,000 a year.
Entire New Stock
Valises-! Hand Bags !
Telescopes and Grips!
Wc be especially to call your at
' tention to the
Celebrated Roller Tray Trunks !
BEAK THIS IN MIND :
We will not be Undersold !
New Stock Umbrellas I
Our Umbrellas, with a guarantee to
give satisfaction, selling fast
$1.23 Gloria Siik Umbrella for $ 85
1.50 Gloria Silk Umbrella for 1.00
2.00 Gloria Silk Umbrella for 1.35
Counter each of Lace Cur
tains and Counterpanes.
Durham Supply Go.
14 YEAKS SUFFERING
Pari A. F. Stark.
Perm Tan. N. T.
'lOYcan of Sick
by Two i-otuea."
u' Emellne Flint.Ot
awa, Oblo. r
inn la tha aulek
a j forSleepleMnea
X!pllepT, St. Tlta Bne. Opium Habit,
Kervoni D7pepl&.Uyaterl Convulsions,
A corals is. 1 ftruiym, m uuuhuu kdiuj.
Trial Bottle and Elegant Book Free at drugf 1st.
DR. MILES. MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
THE KEELEY INSTITUTE !
Twelve Years of Established Merit !
NOTE OF WARNING !
TO TIIK PUBLIC:
Dwight, III., April SO,-1892.
As a matter of justice to ourselves and to
the reputation of Dr. Leslie E. Keeley's
Double Chloride of Gold remedies, for the
cure of the liquor, opium, morphine and
tobacco diseases and Neurasthenia, we warn
the public that these remedies are used by
no institution or sanitarium in the United
States except thoe established by oua com
pany under the uniform name of "The
All others claiming to ue our remedies
are frauds and importers.
We have now sixty Keeley Institutes es
tablished in various parts of the I'nitcd
States where the Keeley treatment b ad
ministered and the Keeley remedies told.
We, however, caution all to examine well
and know that they are dealing with genuine
representatives, authorized by us, tafore
taking the treatment or purchasing remedies.
The fraudulent establishments ue the name
of "Bi-Chloride of Gold," or t-imilar titles.
The newspapers do not discriminate suffi
ciently to know that they are imitators, and
so Hit down all accidents occurring at such
establishments as being brought about by
the Keeley treatment. This is a matter of
much concern to us, hence this warning.
TIIK LESLIE E. KEELEY CO.
Curtis J. Jndd, Sec'y and Treas. '
Tlic Kc-tley institute at "Jreen-loro, X. C,
is the only one in the state, and all repre
sentations that there is in the ttate any cure
that is identical with, or the same as, the
Ketley Double Chloride of (iold Cure are
malicious, false, and made for the purpose of
deceiving. We learn with indignant regret
j that such claim is being made, and feeling
; that if it be hurtful to us it will prove more
disastrous to those who are deceived thereby,
we sound ihis warning.
The Keeley Institute, -Greensboro,
My EntireStock, for
Everything in the Millinery Line going Cheap these days.
Stock must be reduced.
Laces are away down much below cost. Ribbons you
can't find such bargains.
Straw Edge an elegant line, also below cost.SJ
If you want Real Bargains in this line, visit the Milli
nery Store of
MRS. A. J. PAUCETTE & CO.
Received a Special Award at the N. C. State Fair, October, x
1890. (This year there was no award, as only
one maker exhibited.) Here it is :
"Kranieh Upright 1'ianos, exhibited by the North Stale Music Co.,
aud not placed in competition, should receive a special award, as they arc
the best pianos on the grounds in every particular detaif."
We claim that the Kranich & Bach will stand in tune
longer than any.othcv make and last longer; that
they have more improvements of value
than all others combined.
They hold their tone and never get tinny or metalic.
An inspection investigation will convince.
Sole Agents for North Carolina.
NORTH STATE MUSIC COMPANY
G. Gm STOEIE., IHAKTAGER
MAN UFACTUItKKS OF AND WIIOLERALE DliALKICH IN
All Kinds of Material and Tools
MACHINISTS, PLUMBERS, GAS AND STEAM FITTEE8,
Heating by Steam or Hot Water.
All the Most Modern Sanitary and Improved Appliances.
S. W. IIOLMAN, Manauerv
Where a full Stock of all such Goods will be kept constantly on band and for tle
t at lowest Richmond prices.
Fliam "blzig O-sus and. Steaito. fitting, .
Backed by the long and extensive experience of the above named gentlemen, I am
prepared to contract for all kinds of Plumbing, Gas and Steam fitting, and
to execute the same with the assistance of the most skilled
Mechanics from their establishment.
Give us a call.
3. W. HOLMAN, Manager, Main Street. Durham. N. C.
The North Carolina and Newport News Co,
CAPITAL STOCK, 150,000.00.
Par value 100 per share, fully paid with G0 in 20 months.
B. L. DUKE, President, Durham. W. S. HALLIBURTON, Sec, Durham.
LEO D. HEARTT, Treasurer, Durham, j J. S. LIPSCOMB, Gen. Man'r, Durbtm.
Chartered under the Laws of
Having purchased outright 178 of the most beautiful and desirable lots st
Newport News, for a bort time only tbe Company offers for sale a limited
number of its shares of stock on the following easy payments: $5.00 per share
cash, $5 00 in one month, $5.00 in two months, $5.00 in three months, then $5.00
per share every two months until $00.00 shall have been paid.
Investment Safe, Attractive and Profitable.
For Prospectus and particulars apply to
Office up stairs, Mangum building.
30 days, will be sold
DIt. AUG. KURSTEINER,
V. 0. R OYSTER.
the State of North Carolina.
T- S. LIPSCOMB,
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