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LIKES "PRISON LIFE.
A MAN WHO HAS SPENT FIFTY YEARS IN PENITENTIARIES. An Indiana Criminal Who Prefer Hit OH t Liberty Strange Life History of an Octogenarian Who Has Xo Am bit'ou t l Free or to Have Friends. On a bench in front of the Clark county (Ind.) almshouse on warm, sunny days sits an aged man whose silvery bf-anl is tangled and whose trembling liamla and faltering steps tell the story only too plainly that the jonney of lift is nearly at an end. This is J.n Hicks, a poor, broken down old sinner, whose only claim to distinction is that he has served fifty years in the penitentiary, lie was not a celebrated crook whose cleverness baflied the police and made his name a ten or. He was only a hum-h- professional prisoner with neither kith nor kin to worry over his singular choice. No wife ever shared his lonely hour and no prattling children ever climbed upon his knees; no tailor ever worried him with Bills for clothing, and he never took the trouble to form a political opinion, because he never had an opportunity to vote. Not long since a reporter visited the Indiana almshouse, and when he in quired for "Old Man Hicks1' ho was told that the venerable pauper was in his ac customed place in the yard. He did not seem surprised when the visitor called him by name and made known his mission. His eyes brightened as his thoughts went back to his beloved cell, but it was only for a moment. Then he said calmly and quietly without any ap parent regret for the wasted years of his life: "1 suppose you want to hear the story of my life. Ever"body does, although I do not see why they should take such an interest in the affairs of an old man they never knew and will never think of again after they leave him. Well," he continued, musingly, fumbling with the ragged edge of his faded coat, "1 was born in Montgomery county, Va., eighty-six years ago. My parents were poor and died when 1 was but a child, lhad no brothers or sisters, and I went to live with a neighbor, who taught me the blacksmith trade when he found I would not go to school. My master's name was Neal, and ho was fairly good to me, but when I grew up I decided to leave him and come to Indiana. For awhile I drove a stage between Hamil ton and Centerville, but I gave it up and secured a place as stage driver fcr Beard & Scott, between Salem and Livonia. "One day while waiting for my din ner at the houso of a farmer named Brown I saw a pocketbook in a bureau drawer that had been left open. It con tained $100, which I at once took posses sion of. I got three 3ears for this, which 1 served and went to Washington, Da viess county, where I stole $500 from a man whose name I do not remember. J think it was Thomas, but it was such a long while ago that I am not sure. They gave me seven years for the offense, and after serving six years I was par doned by Governor Joe Wright. "When 1 got out I went to Bedford and worked at my trade until they arrested me for assaulting a woman. I was innocent, but I never took the trou ble to deny it and the jury gave me ten years. Five years had been served be fore it was discovered that I was not guilty, and Governor Willard pardoned me. At Indianapolis I committed a burglar" and was given three years. Another burglary at Brookville brought me four years and still another one at Crawfordsville got me four years at the Michigan City penitentiary. "About this time I thought I would try some other prison, and I went to Louisville, Ills. Another alleged crim inal assault was the cause of my serving ten years at Joliet. My term expired and 1 next fell at Hamilton, O., where 1 served two years for burglary. After ward I served in Pennsylvania and Ohio again and then went back to Jefferson ville. By this time 1 was old and 1 longed for my cell in the Jeffersonville prison. It was more comfortable than any I had ever occupied, and in fact the prison there is the most humane one in the country. Well, I walked all the way from Columbus to Jeffersonville, and calling upon the late Captain Craig, who was then deputy warden, I asked him to give me a home in the prison, saying I was too old to work and wanted to spend my few remaining days there. He said he could not do so, and I re solved to make him do it. "Going up to Paoli, in Orange coun ty, I robled a house and took good care that they should catch me at it. The case came to trial, and after I had told the judge my story ho kindly sentenced me to five years. He would have made it more, but he said he thought I could not live louger than that. I thanked him and went to prison. But I was still alivo when the sentence expired, and going to the northern part of the state 1 robbed a man and got a year at Michi gan City. Then I came back to Jeffer sonville, and the township trustees sent me here before I had a chance to steal anything. " When 1 began my prison career I was mx feet tall aud weighed 200 pounds. I was probably the strongest man in the Hate. My first sentence in Jefferson ville was served in a little log prison at the corner of Ohio avenue and Market street. 1 was superintendent of the iron work on the new prison, which was built in 1S47, and, if I do say it myself, the job was well done. "They made me keeper of the big gate on the south side just west of the office. Once, when the gate was open to let a wagon out, fifty desperate convicts made h break for liberty. Snatching an iron bar from the tool chest I planted myself in the passageway and kept them all at bay until the guards arrived and took them in charge. "No, 1 don't care for money. Give a chew of tobacco. Thanks. When you are out this way again come in and me. Goodby." Louisville Post JULfc i '. '. Walled Cities of Italy. Necessarily the romantic and histor ical charm of English walled cities is but small compared with that of conti nental cities. The walls of Rome, for instance, are standing monuni' 3 of the city's history from the earlier time j to within the last half century; but j owing to the extraordinary character anu Variety Of ftthpr Antinnanart rkTvieta they hardly come in for that share of the visitor's attention which they de I2rve. Yet an inspection of them, with their ancient and medieval gates, the many styles of their construction, each pointing to a particular period of their history, their size and strength, their odd little nooks and corners and their picturesqueness, is vortk a journey, which convinces the stranger that they would form the chief attraction of any other city but Rome. Indeed, as is not surprising, Italy is a nest of ancient walled towns, and we may note all degrees of grandeur, from the still formidable looking zones which surround Geneva La Soperba or Firenze La Bella to the quaint little lines of fortifications which zigzag up the vine clad hillsides of the north coast of the Mediterranean, surrounding in many in stances mere villages, but speaking elo quently to us of those hard, stirring times when the hand of every man was against his neighbor. Cor. Chicago Her ald. Peraian Swords. The swords of Hindostan are of end less variety in size and shape, the most common being the "tegha" and "tal war," broad, much curved blades, wrong ly styled scimitars, the real scimitar leing a clumsy chopperlike weapon, nearly straight and widening to the point. There is the "khanda," a heavy straight sword with basket hilt, like the Scottish claymore. The khanda was an object of worship to the Rajputs, pre cisely as to the Scythians. The "pata," or gauntlet sword, much used by the Mahrattas, was a development of the "katar," having a long rapier blade, often of Spanish make, and a cylindrical hilt, into which the arm was passed to the elbow. The Persian sword, how ever, was valued above all others, and particularly those of Khorassan. These are the real "Damascus blades," the damascening being produced by the crystallization of the steel. Connois seurs recognize ten different varieties of watering or "jauhar;" and the most in credible prices have been given for fancy specimens. But the great brittle ness of these swords makes them unfit for use by Europeans, who fc-ould shiver them to pieces by a "swashing blow," while the oriental employs their razor edge only for the "drawing" cut. Chambers' Journal. A Mile Dift'erg Sometimes. The measurement in English jards of the different lengths of a mile in several coiintries is as follows: Arabian mile. 2,148; Austrian mile, 8,296; Bohemian mile, 10,i:JT: Brabant mile, 6,032; E :r gundian mile, 6,183; Danish mile, 8,244: Dutch mile, 6,393; English mile, 1,760; English mile, geographical, 2,025; Eng lish mile, nautical, 6,080; Flemish mile, 6.8G9; German mile, long, 10,126; Ger man mile, short, 6,859; German mile, geographical, 8,100; Hamburg mile, 8, 214; Hanoverian mile, 11,559; Hessian mile, 19,547; Hungarian mile, 9,113; Irish mile, ancient, 2.240; Italian mile, 2,025: Lithuanian mile, 9,780; Oldenburg mile. 10,820; Persian mile, 6,086; Polish mile, long, 8,100; Polish mile, short, 6,07J; Prussian mile, 8,237; Roman mile, 1,628; Russian, verst, 1,165; Saxon mile. 9,904; Scotch mile, ancient, 1,984; Spanish mile, 4,635: Swedish mile, 11,700; Swiss mile, 9,153; Tuscan mile, 1,808; United States mih?, 1 ,700. Philadelphia Ledger. Uagging Grapes. People often ask what is the use of the abstract studies scientific men and wom en often indulge in. The reply is tou must first discover a new truth before you can tell whether you can make any value of it. The valuable discovery that the black rot can be prevented from injuring grapes by inclosing the bunch in a paper bag is the direct result of scientific studies. When it was found that the rot was caused by a fungus growing from a lit tle seed or spore which, floating through the atmosphere, attaches itself to the graj)e berry, it was the easiest thing to think of putting bags over the bunch early in the season so that the spore couldn't get there. Hundreds of thou sands of dollars have been saved to the cultivator by this bagging of grapes which would have been totally lost but for the labors of scientific men. Mee hans' Monthlv. The Ingredients of Fireworks. The chief constituents of all fireworks are gunpowder and its ingredients. Iron and steel filings and castiron bor ings, free from rust, are used to in crease the brightness of the display and produce the Chinese fire. When the rocket explodes up in the air the bright and varicolored sparks are produced by these filings as they ignite in the oxygen. Copper filings and copper salts are used to produce greenish tints. A fine biue is made with zinc filings. A light greenish tint with much smoke is made out of sulphuret of antimony. Amber, resin and common salt protected from dampness produce a yellow fire. Salts of stroutia make a red light. A green light is also made by the salts of bari liiu. New York Evening Sun. The Hat Transmits Disease Germs. When the reader thinks of the count less number of rats that infest the re gions occupied by human beings, of their wonderful reproductive power, and of their seemingly causeless but rapid migration from one dwelling place to another hundreds of miles away, he must admit that if it is possible for the rat to convey disease germs from point to point this power for evil is incalcul able. When he left plague stricken London and sought another field did he leave the plague behind, or did he keep share of it to distribute elsewhere? Dr. S. E. Weber'i Lector. DUXLtLAJd JDA1L.Y ti.LOBJSt miDl. SEPTEMBER SHE WAS SHOT. Bat the Missile Was Projected by Ilarmless Alrgnn. 'I had a curious experience while passing through New York," said a western lady to some friends on the beach 'at Newport. "We had taken rooms at the B k, and unfortunately peached New York just in time for an absolutely torrid 'hot wave.' As I had pressing need for a few days' shipping I kept my husband and brother in town for forty-eight hours, to their great dis comfort, and they spent their evenings by the windows of our sitting room in the lightest of attire, drinking iced drinks and trying vainly to keep cool. The night before we left town we re tired rather late, after the men had been solacing themselves in their usual fashion. " 'It was to hot that it was some time before I could sleep, and just s-s I was dozing off I remembered that I had left my rings on the dressing table near the sitting room door, the windows of which were wide open on a little iron balcony. 'A good chance for robbers,' I thought drowsily, but was too lazy to get up to put them in a safer place. Late in the night I wa3 aroused by the report of a pistol, or what sounded like one; and my first impression was that I was shot, for I was literally bathed, head and shoulders, in something that I felt sure for the moment was blood. " 'Henvy,' I screamed, 'I have been shot! I am dying. And I felt so strange and giddy that I was sure my end was approaching. 'Take good care of the children,' I murmured. 'And, oh, Henry, promise me not to marry that horrid Miss M that you seem to ad mire so much!' 'What nonsense, Em!' said my callous spouse, as he struck a light and turned on the gas, 'you have been dreaming.' "But I am wet with bloodt' I ex claimed indignantly, feeling that after all he wasn't worthy of a tender death bed scene, and that I felt all right again. 'By Jove, you are moist, he said, put ting his hand on my shoulder, 'but it is not blood, whatever it is.' Suddenly he gave a great guffaw of laughter and pointed to the parlor, which was dimly lighted by the gasjet in my room. Well, what is it? I don't 6ee any thing,' I put in crossly, for by this time I felt thoroughly upset. " Oh, it is too delicious,' he gasped. You have been shot, you poor little thing, but not by burglars; only by a soda water bottle, and there on the table, where he and my brother Harry had left them, lay a couple of bottles, one point ing as straight for my bed as if it had been aimed at me. Henry had cut the wires confining the cork of one of the bottles and had then concluded not to open it, and I suppose the heat may have helped the effervescence, for the force of the explosion carried both cork and the soda water across the room, hitting me on the shoulder. "Of course you may imagine how my two men enjoyed my 'shooting affair' and what capital they have made out of it." New York Tribune. The Valu of Lime "Water. The value of lime water about the house in the summer cau scarcely be overestimated. To prepare it is an easy matter, as all that is necessary is to put a layer of unslaked lime in a wide mouthed jar and fill it with cold water. There is no danger of using too much lime, as the water will only take up so much,, however much is put in. It takes only a few hours for the water to take up all the lime that is possible. After it has stood say five hours the wa ter may be drained off and more wa ter added until the lime is all absorbed. Acidity of the stomach is corrected by adding a. little lime water to the drink ing water. A teaspoonf ul of lime water added to a glass of milk corrects the tendency which milk has to coagulate in the stomach, forming a hard, indi gestible mass. For this reason it should be added to the milk fed the little children, and nursing bottles should be rinsed with it. As a mild disinfectant there is nothing safer or better. C olumbus Idea of the World. Columbus believed the solid part of the sphere to be larger than the liquid part, and the distance by the sunset road between the East Indies and western Europe to be less than it is. But in those two capital errors lay the great incentive to the execution and suc cess of his purpose. Had he known the vast planetary spaces covered by the waters; the continent interposed be tween his own Europe and the land of diamonds, gold and spices; the difficulty and peril of the passage yet to be braved in the far regions of the antarctic pole in order to sail from our continental En rope to the oriental Indies by the west ern way, he would perhaps have shrunk back in alarm and dread. Emilio Cas telar in Century. Why, Indeed? "Why dots a dog run sideways or di agonally?" inquired the purchaser of a fine black Newfoundland pup of a dog fancier the other day. "Well, sir, that's a question I've been asked frequently, and after some investigation I have con cluded the reason is that the animal has been brought up that way. Why does a chicken roost on one foot, or an owl keep its eyes wide open all nightlong, cr a rooster crow vigorously at the break of early dawn, or a pig run homeward with straws in its mouth before ap proaching rain? These are questions that are as difficult to solve as some of the astronomical problems." Philadel phia Press. The Eskimo Circa. " The Ekimo are very fend cf theat ricals. They mimic all sorts of animals wonderfull. and the man who can do this best U considered a great actor. This sort of mimicry is woven into the shape of dramatic entertainments. One performer will be a bear, for example, clad in appropriate skins, while the other hunt him. Commonly the hunt wind3 up with the death of the bear or seal. Boston Transcript. A SURVIVOR OF THE WAR. 1855-1892. PLACE YOUR ORDERS FOR BRICK ESTIMATES FURNISHED My Brick are the Best Made in this State, -AN) I Guarantee Them to Give Entire Satisfaction. R. B. FITZGERALD, DURHAM, N. O. R. T. H0WE&T0N & BR0., Manufacturers and Dealers in Carriages, Buggies, Carts ! Manuum Street, Durham, N. C. Repairing Done Neatly ami Promptly. UNDERTAKING A SPECIALTY. '1 he iargestand best selected etock of Coffins, Caskets, Burial Cases, Uobes auU Uuriai Out tits in the city. THE UEST EMBALMING FLUIDS. Disinfectants and Deodorizers used when necessary. Orders receive prompt and faith ful attention. LUMBER, LUMBER. We are now prepared to furnish Durham and other points all kinds of Lumber. HOUSE BILLS COMPLETE AT SHORT NOTICE. And as cheap as any dealer. Also, we carry In stock all kinds oi Qressed Ceiling 2nd Flooring, Shingles and Lath. Come and see us. Office, next to Wright & Merrick's barber shop. Main street. 3. C. HOWELL A CO., Durham. N. C. TYLER DESK CO., ST.LOUtS.MO Oar Mammoth Catalogue of Batk Cocxtekj, Dksks, and other Office FmrnrM for 1893 now ready. New Goods. New Styles in Desks, Tables, Chairs, Book Cases, Cabi nets, &c., Ac., and at matchless prices, jL3 above indicated. Oar goods are well known and sold freely in every country that speaks English Catalogues f ree. Postage 12c WAITED ! Fifteen first class Brick Layers and about thirty Common Laborers. -APPLY T( "Watson 6z Cecil, DURHAM. N. C. D B. J. J. THAXTOH, With flftT- rear experience as a General Practitioner, tenders bis servlcea to the citi zens of Durham. His specialtiea: Mucous Wpmhranp. Glands and Nerves (female la particular. Indlsrestioa, Bronchitis. Scrofula. Constipation and Headache. Secondary and Hereditary Diseases. Home at C. M. Hern don's. Odjceorer Jones Jewelry tore. Office hours, y i i lock a. m-. to 12 nu. and from S p. m to 4 p. i ft) Zfi A S3 mil 0 Wk US is W$ 53 is mm $10 gir $21 If-t X 16. Fall Arrivals !9 TO OUR FRIENDS AND Our well-known buyer, MR. W. F. V-V,- ir ..i..t. i i have the most magnificent OMIT EVER PLACED OxN THIS MARKET. otxss soroc: oar Ladies' Dress Goods ! czr is simply imnzEmsB And we are offering the best values m ft a inviiaiion to tne lames to can ana jook through our vast assort ment of NEW DRESS GOODS and Trimmings. Boys, Boys, Boys ! We have just opened 25 pieces choice patterns of Cassimcrs and Tweeds, just the stuff for bojV pants and suits. See them ami get prices. CARPETS I Just opened,. full line extra heavy, newest crlccts in ingrain Carpets at 37i, 48, 58 and 75 cents per yard. Call and select your Carpets. We take your room measure, cut your carpet and guarantee perfect fit, free of charge. Let everybody come and look through our elegant New Stock of Dry Goods and Carpets. G ods arc arriving daily, and such rules are worth seeing. Headquarters, Raleigh. Durham Olficc, II. J. llrown, Agent Hotel Driver. Seeing Is Believing'.7" And a jrooa temg must be simple; win n it U rn;t simple it ii not good. Simt!t Beautiful, Good thes -Tt-2i words mean much, bu: t ) will impress the truth more forc:b:y. All metal, v2l$t tough and seamless, and mafic in turrc pieces only;!??:'i it is absolutely jayfeand unhreakabtt. Like Aladdin's Ngr of old, it is indeed p. "wo-idmd l.-imp." iW its tnar- VCIOU3 iiiii is ijaicr aij'i softer than electric liht r.nd Look for thUrtamp Thk Ri:h krtfs Tf c !.ini..f vt hunt the enMne Rochester, aod the ule yo i v.ani. rud u u- i".r our i.s.w illustrated cilttw". and we will wnd you a l.m u snfely bv i your coatee- of over 2,uu0 varieties from the Htgest L4f.1t it't in iht h fU. BOCIIK&TEU LA 221 CO., 41 Iark Plare, lew York Cltf. DURHAM BUGGY COMPANY, 24 West Main Street (Five PoInU), Durham. N C. We are prepared to furnish the trade with Landau3, Victorias. Broughams, and Close Carriages of every description, Biigg;e.-, I'hucton, Surries, Cart. Etc., E'c, Etc. Our work is built for us out of Selected Material by expert jjjKJcialht in Wood and Iron, and coming to our factory in the "unite" i painted and trimmed by experienced workmen All who contemplate buying a Carriage, lugy, Dairy or (in eery Wagon, are invited to give us a call, examine material mployed and have a talk with live carriage men 0 Wc can duplicate any job on the market in price, quality and finish, from the highest grade heavy Carriage and Buggy to the medium grade fame styles. Careful attention given to repainting and retrimming. Caniyg- and Baggy Tops and Cushion made to order. Delivery Wagon3 Lettered and Ornamented in an artistic manner. Or ders by mail solicited. Catalogue and prices furniihcd 011 application. DURHAM BUGGTT GOEZPAIffTr, 24 Weit 3Uin Stret (Tire Points), Darbun, N. C. LIBERAL PATHS! ELLIS, has just returned from the i : : . i . line and best assorted stock ever seen. We extend a special a . double chain, superb patterns, and ice ' I he Rochester " tr) Yrf lmi- it.'i i i.i iiw.i. more cln. nul t'via eiilier. SOODi v