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n ft ll-T I' li I I lie lie n THE DURHAM DAILY GLOBE, SATURDAY, JUNE 10. Cures Scrofula A DEAD TRADE. PIONEER DAYS IN was tho ford, Mass., nay her Scrofula bytheuaeof a af ter ba vine had acrnent, ana Deing te ;t )-v.- condition lit slie coald not live. Raising of Leeche3 Longer Froflt.ble. Is No w r. a re 's minis iNHERr Cnr GD SCROFULA. Ma A f. ,f hereditary a red all over hnally I was bottlea V. lion the Old-Fashioned Remedy of Bleeding Was in Vogue the Squirming Things Were in Great Demand How They Were l'rotiuced. MAGNETIC NERVINE. ORE - APT fcP r., i tof? Misery, Is sold with written guarantee to curt K ervouB P rostra tion, Fi.s, Dizzi- nesHcadache and Neuralgia andWake f u i ii i b b, can - ed Ly e x ccseii (. u eof Oji am, Tobacco and Alro- Souie Kieorous Laws Enforced lirazos Twenty Year- , j Alexander W. Terrell (who i cently appointed United Stat; j ter to Turkey) in an address at Hon -ton a few days ago paid the following tribute to the men who achieved Texas independence: "I speak not the lan ; gnage of undeserved praise, but the ' bimple truth, when I say that the pio neer immigrants of Texas from 1821 to j 1840 were as noble a race of men as I ever established empire." To those I who have always regarded the Texas of that time as nothing- more than an asylum for outlaws these words will have the ring" of extravagant eulogy, but according to the Xew York Even ing Post, Mr. Terrell spoke advisedly. More than forty years ago he settled VISOR w MEM In the palmy daj-s of leeching, when "bleed him" was the advice of every physician upon the slightest provoca tion, a French peasant who had man aged with difficulty to pay three hun dred francs per year for some poor marsh land sowed the land down in leeches and became a millionaire by renting it at twenty-five thousand francs per year. A noble Irish land s' rd who rented forty acres of meadow among the survivors of the colony of to some French leech farmers was in- Stephen F. Austin, who is known as terested and astonished to see how "the Father of Texas' and for six Easily. Qu:ck!y. Permanent!) Restored. WEAKNESS, N -.IVCL'SNESS, DEBILITY, and all the train of Ha ; p ta i iy t ruis or later excesses, the r--ults of i .eri.oiK. tckaeaa, v. rrv.etc Full.-tretigth. ! ve.oprueut and tm (flven UTty organ and y rtinn of tbe txxiy. Hmp!. natural methods, t-rii.i to improvement . Failure imposMb!. reterenctf. Book, explanation and prrf mailed t scaled) frcv. ERIE MEDICAL CO. BUFFALO, N. Y. Softer! Death: ri te (iW I 11 6Y, Durham, N. C. : is . s V urance? ( your ainst means of sccur vvife and family ant in the event our death. A creditable means of se ing a better financial uding in the business '( rld. able your after A11 fo d. e most safe and profit- r means or investing savings for use in years. Life I ns u ranee The is 1 cquitaoie : the best. I or full particulars, address W. J. RCDDEY, Manager, caroJnas. KodiKill.S.C. THE. GREAT PFOCRF:3 Ci XTRICI' how to SNELL & C0., Knoxville. Tenn. S I1IC11 CANNOT LE QUESTIONED ! d Mrs. man t up leer, firoui B-bal ball Hi' i 1 1 . i n ( had v.it ite v;is ox i: h my i )sc ny lips and were oateu n. in ksto- i y i he 1 i -1 beard ! h a li it iid, dozen iot lozen Wash . I n about iro etnent . lo 1 ure i uc places, i eo tetore. ut irive en Irely medicine as b r Hit S1IK' ni irelj ise .t tl the Itemed y am eonfidenl s will rllct'T a (eel to ttheu a taking tliis cure l of it. le Remedy, i and was t re 1 Ci U Id not Dor in agony, think there on, pure with N . ( M Ap IS i N.i' t lial t iim iv.ilk tin1 t 1 do M( world to v:s to use it . IS. ICIOKIA BlVERS. ii ii, 189a is an exact description u and remarkable cure hs Person's Kerned y. 1 ! ber suffering! before "i the Itemed y, and of Mks. J. L. Rodwki i.. they went about their business. Hav ing fenced and watered the meadow, j they proceeded to sow it with leeches, put on broadcast, like the old fashion ; of sowing- wheat, from sacks contain ; in?r fifteen thousand leeches each. The i leeeli farmer must give his crop plenty j of water and plenty of blood. One j method of managing- the latter, ac : cording to the New York Sun, is to drivt- cattle into the water where the leeches are breeding. Another is to turn in fresh bood f rom a slaughter house. A Parisian capitalist affirmed that his leech crop returned him fif- j teen for one, and it is a matter of rec- ! ord that the monopoly of taking leeches in Morocco was once sold for seventy thousand dollars. I The usefulness of the leech has de clined since those days, as bleeding has somewhat gone out of fashion. When the trade was at its briskest the ! natural production of leeches in France and in several other PJuropean I countries was exhausted, so that leech fanning became a necessity. Leeches ' then began to be brought from eastern i Europe, from Sweden, and even from Australia. The African leech, too, came to be greatly prized. He is a beautiful green and black creature, and as thirsty a devil as ever set tooth in human flesh. The Australian leeches were taken in enormous num bers from the rivers of that continent. The method of catching them was and is to throw a freshly removed sheep skin into the water where they live. When the skin is taken out the leeches are found clinging to it by hundreds. A Himalayan traveler found that in western India it was possible to catch land leeches without any stich bait. In fact he found that the creatures clung to him bv hundreds and even o-ot into - his hair. The wounds were five months in healing and the scars were perma nent. A single company in Australia used to export to England and Amer ica from two million to three million leeches per year, not ,a specially large exportation when it is remembered that France alone used to consume about thirty million per year. In Ceylon the secret of growing leeches is carefully guarded, but an English sur geon got at it and saved the army heaps of money by growing his own leeches. Jt has not. been found necessary to cultivate leeches in the United States. They are especially plentiful here and those of Pennsylvania were once esteemed the best. AVhen the tradi tion of bleeding was still in full force Philadelphia physicians used Penn sylvania leeches, while the physicians ol Xew York and Boston preferred the imported varieties. As a matter of fact the European leech is a hungrier fellow than our own native leech. It is thought necessary to apply six of the latter for every fluid ounce of blood that the physician desires to draw, while one really effective European leech will draw from half an ounce to an ounce of blood all alone. The leech still holds his place in the materia medica, but he is a much less important life-saving agency than he once was. Several devices were in vented to take the place of the leech before the doctors quit the business of blood-letting at every turn. Now it is a rare thing to see a bottle of leeches in a doctor's office, and they are seldom called for at the druggists. As to the barbers, none of them dares justify the red streak in his pole by applying the leech to the empimpled face of a full habited customer, lest the laws come down upon him for practicing surgery without a license. With the decrease in the demand for leeches they have fallen in price, and it is doubtful whether Farmer Grasso should not be thankful that his leeches were thrown overboard from the steamer that carried them, as the loss may have saved hira from embarking in an un profitable occupation. lupe code and Hays, of criminal years Mr. Terrell pr . ided as a judge in the courts set up by these men. Austin's advance guard reached the Brazos river in 1821, and soon after ward his colony was augmented by two hundred and eighty-five recruits, all of whom were native Americans, and chiefly from the southern states. They finally settled in the region where are now the counties of Travis, P.astrop, Caldwell, Guada- and drew up a laws which, it is the testimony of survivors and their children, were rigidly enforced. In cases of theft, murder or robbery any person was authorized to use arms in apprehending the guilty party and take him or her before the alcalde. If the guilty party tried to escape, anyone could shoot him. When stolen proper ty was recovered, it was returned to the owner. Gambling was an indicta ble offense, and the fine for gambling or keeping a gambling house was not less than twenty dollars or more than two hundred dollars. All men and women who attempted to live together without being married were fined not less than one hundred dollars or more than five hundred dollars and con demned to hard labor on the public road. Any person buying stolen property was condemned to pay three times its value to the owner and labor on the public works. Any person guilty of assault, of abusing, maiming, or ill-treating another willfully and maliciously, was fined not exceeding one hundred dol lars and imprisoned not exceeding three months. Any person passing counterfeit money knowing it to be such was condemned to hard labor on the public works. It was made the duty of the justice of the peace, or the "alcalde," to arrest all vagrants or fugitives from justice and take them before the superior court for final judgment. latest Styles Fir5t I have just returned from tho the iiiiL-st lines in t!i- Fits North and have way ol CLOTHING Which will le shown thi i in the reason. city of Durham I SMPLOY WORKMEN And Know Whit to Do. For a Suit of Fins Clothes SeeMe. J. S. MESLEY, Me reliant Tailor, Main Street, Durham, N. C. FHE BEST m TME WORLD1 LAGKWELL EXTORTION Taking IN RUSSIA. and COWS AS MONEY. no I'se for BTJJXD A HOME ! BT UEFOUE DOING 80 S LE C H. NORTON, Contractor and Builder. save you mon j ' and suit you. oe pleased imates in any do good work ..i to give figures ; part ol the state. nd Ad :r' s Lira or call on him lair IHJKHAM, J)1' J. I. THAMoN. N. rty eai oxnei iene a. in. to U iu. - a General icts to t he cil i alties: Mucous -yes i females in chit is. Scrofula, Secondary and at C. m. Hern ry Store. Office and lruiu 1 p. ni A Kacf of People Who Hare Treasnrie. In the present publication of the Im perial Geographical society of Russia is the surprising announcement that the Chewsures a race of seven thou sand people in the department of Troust, government of Tiflis, know nothing of the use of money as a medium of exchange. The unit of val uation among the primitive people is the cow. A horse is valued at three cows and a stallion at six. If a Chew sure becomes enraged and cracks his neighbors skull he is obliged to pay sixteen cows. If he breaks a bone of his neighbor's arm five cows will re habilitate him in the eyes of so ciety. A wound in the forehead calls for three calves. If one cuts another in the part of the face usually covered by the beard the punishment is com paratively severe. The "doctor"' places as many grains of wheat along the cut as possible. For each grain of wheat so used the criminal must give up a cow. Wounds in the beardless part of the face eall for one-third as many cows only. The man who injures a neighbor s hand surrenders sixteen cows. Thirty cows even will pay for the loss of an eye. The people are said to be happy and contented- No misers exist among them. Advantage of the Ignorant Uncomplaining Peasants. The innocence of Russian peasants; their ignorance of law, their humble submission to anybody claiming au thority with an official appearance of possessing it,are remarkably illustrated by Mr. Poultney Bigelow in a recent account of some of his experiences in Russia. It appears that the peasants readily imagine that anybody in the uniform of an officer of police must have so much authority from the czar that they dare not complain of him. A Russian gentleman, for whose honor Mr. Bigelow vouches, told him this story: One morning- sleigh bells jingled in our village. A police captain and lieu tenant drove in with a dead body cov ered up on a sleigh. They called for the village elder. "Ivan Ivanovitch," said the captain, eying the crowd of trembling peas ants, "a terrible crime has been com mitted close to the land of your village." "In God s name, what?" asked the ( old man. "See for yourself." The captain drew off the cover and exposed the mutilated body. "Your village is re sponsible for this murder. There must be a commission sent here to investi gate the matter." "Anything but that," begged the elder, stroking and kissing the cap tain's coat. He knew that such a com mission meant ruinous fines, to say nothing- of floggings lor every wit ness. The peasants with one voice joined in the appeal: "Anything but a ju dicial inquiry!" "Well, but the matter is serious. It will cost me a lot of money to prevent a commission coming,"' said the cap tain. After some haggling, the wretched peasants, suffering for want of Furri cient food or good shelter, clubbed to gether and paid seventy-five roubles. The captain and lieutenant climbed into the sleigh once more, and drove away with the corpse to the next vil lage. Here they repeated the same performance, and as long as the cold weather lasted that corpse represented at least fifty roubles extorted from every village it visited. UBMUU. SlT the benuine A'UXE OEM IXE WITHOUT THE trade-Mart of the Pull on Each Package " " 1 - v Situated in he immediate Section of Coun ny that produces a crade of Tobacco, that if texture, flavor and reality is not grown else where in tnc world, and tjctng in position U command the choice of all offerings upon this market, we spare no pains nor expense to giw ie ade THE VERY BEST' G. Livery, M , HARDIN, JR., m ut Stables ! Near First Baptist Church. TEE BEST RIGS IN THE CITY At Reasonable Rates. - m - Finect Carriages ir. the City. BOARDING HORSES A SPECIALTY Gentle Teams and Careful Drivers. OTVR MF A CALL. J. W. HTJTCHINS A' City Market, Stall No. 1, GET.- DAILY FRESH CHICAGO MEAT glected Rich People. Some of the English clergy pay so much attention to the poor that the rich feel that they are neglected. An Eng lish paper quotes a lady of vrealth as asking: ""Are not the clergy supposed to minister to all classes of the com munity? Why, then, do they neglect the rich?" When her husband fell ill recently and desired the ministrations of the church she could not get any clergyman to visit him. They said they were so busy looking after the poor that thev had no time to visit others. BY EXPRESS A Matter of Form. Little Barbara had been ill. says an exchange, but was convalescent. "Are you my doctor?' she said, waking up suddenly and finding a strange lady at her bedside. "No, dear,"' said the strange lady; "I am your trained nurse." "Ah! that's better," exclaimed the little cirl; "I shall like vou very much. Trained nurse." she continued, pointing to a cagfe hanging" near the j window, "let me introduce you to my trained canary." Has Lamb, Mutton, Pork. ALL THE VERT UE.T. GIVE HIM A CALL. 0. ST0RN0NIS, S:all No. City Market. IN STOCK : Canned Goods, Cured Meats CONFECTIONERY, ETC. Ail Kinds Vegetables in Season Fresh Country Butter and Foultry a Specialty. GIVE ME A CALI for Infants and Children. " Cator! is so wt !l adapted to children thai rconimend it as superior to any prescription nown tome." II. A Archer, M. I.. Ill So. Oxford, st., Drookh-n, N Y. "The use of "Castor-.a b so universal a:id is merits so well known that it swims a work of Kupervrofration to endorse it. Few an- the intelligent families who do n t fceepCMtorte within easy reach." Carlos Mjlrtvn, 1. I., New York City. rstorii BOOT DtOOMk h. Kills Worms, crest ion. Iiout injuri r-s Coi.,-, .nTipation, b, Inarr'io'a. Eruetatjon. , -ives sleep, and pr.v oedl ution. Lor serer.l vears I .11 BO si' result lave recommend I alwav t-oiitintx to ar.;.:.iv ;n . ! I. tiell d UUI Enwijf E. Paroci:, M. T., a Street uud Tth Axe., Now York City The Centa-.-r Company, .. Mirray Street. Nkw Yorr Crrr. A Big Bargain T DO YOU WANT DURHAM DIRT? Eleven Vacant Lots will he sold singly or in a bunch at 13s Low Water Figures.SSl walk from the court house. Good neighbor Those who live near there own homes. Between Cleveland and Roxboro streets. Call on or address THE DL'IIPAM. V1L, Jmx minutes hood. Main Street fFTVF POINTS ni't-hflm M H We manufacture, out of the Very Highest Grades of Material, every variety and kind of Vehicle, from the lightest otic-man lujp;y to the heaviest twenty four passenger Break. REPAIRING IN WOOD. IRON AND PAINT A SPECIALTY. Improvement the Order of the Age! 0- The Smith Premier Typewriter is now the recognized standard. We guarantee to keep it in good order. We are selling more Typewriters in the two Carolinas than all other agents combined. That is because we have the Best Machine and the public know that now. We shall be much pleased to have your add res need a Writing Machine. if you & WITH COLUMBIA., S- C, (ieneral Agents for North and South Carolina S. W. HOLMAN fc CO., Sanitary Engineers AND Elec tried Con trac tors ! WHOLESAI.i: AM) RETAIL DEALERS IN All Kinds of Material and Tools FOK Electricians, Machinists, Plumbers, Gas and Steam Fitters. CONTRACTORS FOK HEATING BV STEAM OR HOT WATER AOI-NTn km; THE NATIONAL HOT WATER HEATER COMPANY. SELLING AGENT MH Catalo?ue?, Price Uata, Etc. Furnished cm Application.