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si . " , - - '! : . '. ' Z t.:i : .' . " ;'','-'.kHeai-til8truotloniancll'be Wise, apd Refuse it Not." .1 ; ,ifcriir VOL. I. GOLDSBOEO, K C, SATUEDAY, AUGUST 6, 1881. I ' I J I I ' . 4 1 v. Kulered at the Pwtofflw at Oohhhuro, N. V., ;s fit'iimd-rlaim Mitttei: All coininimicationH on Ijuhwioss should bo adlroMH)d to Gnu. T. Waswom, Editor aud Pro prkitor, Goldaboro, Is', C. REPAIRING THE CRIPPLES. Jiii-or Contiivancm for Ktrcnethimlng the Human Frnnu'Applliinccn Tlmt Are In CoiiHtnnt Demand by Old nnd Yoniis Dcul liiffwlth thcDi'iif. " Now that your little boy is fixed all right, don't you want something in my line for yourself?" "No, I do not. I am perfectly sound." " You may think so, hut if you should let me hunt you over I've no doubt I should find that you need some sort of apparatus. Eight out of every ten men who walk the streets of New York wear some mechanical appliance or other and women too, for that matter, though they look so fine," said the proprietor of a manufactory of surgical instruments and appliances for the relief and rem edy of numerous physical ailments and defects. The walls, showcases, tables and windows of the ealesroom were covered and filled by queerly-shaped and mysterious contrivances of steel, nickel," celluloid, wood, gold, brass, leather, tin, china, silk, rubber, and seemingly of every other material that could be molded, carved, sewed, ham mered, cut, filed and bent to fit some part of the human anatomy or do some thing forcible to some refractory or de fective member. Among them were electrio belts, chains, medals, girdles, bracelets, necklaces and hair brushes. There were all sorts of articles needed in sick rooms. There were many strange contrivances for the, relief of paralyzed persona: One, called the dy namometer, or paralytico register, is a steel instrument which is placed in the patient's hand in order to test the power ... of moving his ringers. There were ."VJtnr'instrumfmta and fmimrninsps lav ufrrftnd hip diseases, and forextend g the limbs of cripples. There was y"a very queer arrangement in which the sufferer lies on his back. " In the showcases there was -stock valued at $5,000, consisting mainly of - surgical instruments. In showing these and explaining their uses the pro prietor s-id: " We do a large business m the sale of syringes for hypodermio injections of morphine." ' " To physicians mostly?" " Oh, no, by no means; the sale is comparatively small to them. The gen eral use of opium is a growing evil, and more women than men are addicted to it. Those who have become accus tomed to it cannot live without it. The relief it gives from pain is instantaneous, but it lasts only two or three hours. We sell the hypodermio syringe to persons - in every sort of life, from th fine lady who comes in her carnage to tiio poor laundress with a basket of linen on her arm. How so wide a knowledge of the subcutaneous application of morphine has spread about I am at a loss to con jecture; but even young school misses make use of it. One girl will tell her companions and they will come by twos and threes to purchase instruments. To such, however, I refuse to sell, although it is alwa" their sick aunt or grand mother sent them, they say. A gentlo ""ay rushed in here, pale, hagf id trembling, and vro suffering with "'ad broken the ; syringe, and could hardly .djusted. He a adjoining dnts returned yosed. He had is dose, and was consequently tran .uu ladies come to have ments repaired who were in such of nervous excitement that they ot leave tit Jr carriage, and the ent had to be arranged in the it haste and taken ,to them. An .ess of national reputation has for "s been addicted to morphine, ad istered by herself in this form, and n . could not act, nor now even live, fvhoutit." pi infer, from the immense number f trusses I see, that rapture is not un immoa." . I; ' " It is very common," the proprietor ,jfal olied, "especially among a class of 'tie, n who seem to be physically perfect .lie athletes, , who strain and injure ' ieriiselves by. violent exercise. The rt great majority of circus performers are . raptured. Children, too, are liable to accidents, in running or by falling. It is easily outgrown by phildren, but not so easily cured after maturity; We have an endless variety of trusses. Each 1 physician has his own pet theory of a truss to suit the ca3e of some particular patient, and we are always making some thing new after physicians' directions. Then there are many men who only in vent now apparatus of this nature, and their improvements and patents are countless. As in the case of the sewing machine, somebody is always getting out a new attachment. The lean run to ruptures, the fat to relaxation of the muscles. Children may outgrow their strength, and need support for weak ankles and knees and back, and so do elderly persons, from the weakness of old age." " Who are the purchasers of the Bteel back shoulder braces that figure in such profusion in your stock?" " The sale is immense throughout the whole country to young girls who stoop over their desks until they become round-shouldered, a difficulty, strangely enough, boys are seldom troubled with. Among small things that men and women, too are always trying to im prove upon and invent new, are garters. Of the numerous styles now in vogue there is nothing that gives entire satis faction. The same may be said of cor sets, although fortunes have been made by various persons who havo patented every conceivable style of corset. Each new thing of the kind has its run, if well advertised, and during the craze for it much money is made." "And what and for whom are all those elastic bands, stockings, teel and toe pieces, armlets, waistbands, etc.?" " They are for two kinds of people those who need them for some physical defect and for those who wear them to enhance their personal appearance." "Are not the two contradictory ?" "Not at all. For the improvement of the figure we have apparatus to gir in the waist and to hold back the shoulders and throw out the chest. Their use is almost equally divided between the sexes. There are few stout persons in this city who do not wear some sort of mechanical support or other. "A gentleman recently brought his son in for a truss. He seemed to think it an astounding thing that any one should require such articles, and glanc ing curiously around at the. stock x- Eressed his wonder that J could make a ing.-at-irac&- a ' business. There was something about his appearance which led me to suspect that he himself stood in need of some of my wares, and I questioned him as to whether he did not feel more comfortable when he sat with his feet up. He confessed that he did, and, turning up the bottoms of his trousers, he asked me what was the matter with him. I said varicose veins,' and though I had been in the business twenty years I had never seen a man who needed elastic stockings more than he did. He bought a pair, and, after walking about the store a little, he declared that he had not felt so comfortable for years; that he had never known what ailed him, but now, that he did, he would wear the stock ings the rest of his life. He took his leave, saying that he now fully under stood how I could make a living at such a business. Persons are very reserved about their wearing an appliance for an infirmity. We are generally request ed to deliver our parcels without our address on them, so that their contents may nut be suspected even by their dearest friends and relatives, and thone who wear anything for the improve ment of their figures are even more to cretive and mysterious. " There are oeasons in this as in every other business. We sell twice as many clutches in winter as xin p -"ftr, for winter is the season for sen and accidents by slippi" .steps, in the streets and fal. iug on if .a ice when skating ""Pislocations and broken arms and legs increase tlio demand for splints and crutches. In Rr.mmer the heat in jures elastic stockings, shoulder braces, bust supj orters, th leather of trusses and the like, and they have to be re paired or replaced. Then, also, ladies who wear improvement appliances wear them while bathing, so that no differ ence Khali be detected in their forms whether in a walking or bathing suit, and water is very damaging to all such appliances ; thus the demand for these is greater in summer than in winter. Who buy crutches ? We sell them to those who have not lost lab. 1 v lamed by rheumatism, or broken legs. Thos leg are generally s" supplied by the govt flcial limbs, and there . p. for the Bale of them, but tLu ale is be coming less and less year by year, as the maimed viotims of the late war are gradually dying off. Crutches very often need to be repaired if in constant use. They are made of maple, lance, and rosewood, and cost from $2 to $20 a pair." New York Sun. Some people can invent awful mean slurs. When the Jenkins girl was whaling away at the piano, and pes tered the next-door neighbor, the next door neighbor came out on the steps, listened to the noise a minute, looked up to the Jenkins' girl s mother, who was at the window, and said: "Got plumbers at work in your house, Won't you?" No wonder those fami lies don't speak now. . A CHAPTER ON VEGETABLES. How to IC'nok and Prepare Them for the Tabic. Beets are familiar enough boiled and sliced, either served hot with butter, pepper and salt, or pickled, but a novel ¬ ty is a beet pudding, made by mixing a pint of cooked sugar-beets, chopped, with four eggs, a quart of milk, a little salt and pepper, a tablespoonful of but ter and baking them about half an hour : cold boiled beets sliced and fried with butter are palatable ; to cook them do that none of their color shall be lost, carefully wash them without breaking the skin or cutting of the roots or stalks, and boil them until tender, about an hour, in boiling salted water. Turnips, either white or yollow,stewed in gravy, are excellent. Choose a quart of small even size ; peel them, boil them ; boil them fifteen minutes in well-salted boiling water ; drain them ; put them into a frying pan with suffi cient butter to prevent burning ; brown them ; stir in a tablespoonful of flour ; cover them with hot water ; add a pala table seasoning of salt and pepper and stew them gently until tender. Or peel and cut them in small regular pieces ; brown them over the fi1 - ith a little butter and a slight sprin'Df sugar; add salt and pepper an- filing water enough to cover them, a gently stew them until tender ; serve lem hot. Parsnips are not su'V ientlv arroro- ciated,perhaps because t their too sweet taste ; but this can b overcome to a palatable extent by judicious cookery ; they are excellent when sliced, after boiling and warmed in a sauce made by mixing flour, butter and milk over the fire and seasoning it with salt and pqp per ; as soon as warm they are served with a little chopped parsley ana a squeeze of lemon juice. For paranips fried brown, in an old-fashioned iron' pot with slices of salt .pork .and a seas' 'Ang j of salt and pepper, several good wrds might be said. Carrots boiled and . mashed and warmed with butter, pepper and salt, de serve to be known; or sliced and quickly browned in butter ; tossed for five min utes over the fire with chopped onion, parsley, butter ; or tossed for five min utes over the fire with chopped onion, parsley, butter, seasonings and sufficient gravy to moisten them ; or boiled, quartered, heated with cream, seasoned, and, at the moment of serving, thickened with the yolk of eggs. Onions are capital when sliced and quickly fried in plenty of smoking hot fat, or roasted whole until tender, and served with butter, pepper and salt ; or chosen while still small, carefully peeled without breaking, browned in butter, and then simmered tender with just boiling water enough to cover them ; or boiled tender in broth ad then heated five minutes in nicely seasoned cream. Oyster plant, scraped under cold water, boiled tender in salted water con taining a trace of vinegar, and then heated with a little highly scisoned melted butter is exoellent ; the . ider loaves which it often bears make, nice salad. Somewhat like oyster p are Jerusalem artichokes, which are good and cheap in this market. Like oyster plant they must be peeled under water, boiled tender, and then served with melted butter, or quickly browned in butter, either plain or with chopped herbs, or served with an acid sauce of any kind. Celery we know best in its uncooked state, but it is very good stewed in any brown or white gravy or sauce, or rolled in fritter batter, and fried brown. Squash and pumpkin are very good either boiled, sliced, and broiled or fried, or made into fritters like oyster plant. Potatoes, most important of all hardy vegetables, must close the list. Lives there a cook with soul so dead as not to be willing to expend all the powers of fire, water and salt to produce mealy potatoes ? If so, the writing of her epi taph would be a cheerful task. And if cold ones are left they can rehabilitate themselves ' in favor by appearing lopped moistened with white sauce or earn, and either ' fried in butter or Jked quickly, with a covering of bread crumbs. Steam fried, that is sliced raw, put into a covered ran over the fire, with butter and seasoning, and kept covered until tender, with only enough stirring to prevent burning, they are capital. To fry them Lyonnaise style they are cooled in their jackets to keep them whole, sliced about a quar ter of an inch thick, browned in butter with a little onion, sprinkled with chopped parsley, pepper and salt, and served hot. Larded, they have bits of fat ham or bacon inserted in them, and are baked tender. Note well that the more expeditiously a baked potato is cooked and eaten the better it will be. London covers 700 square miles, has 7,000 miles of streets, more than 4,000, 000 inhabitants, of which I$DD,000 are foreigners, has a birth every five min utes and a death every eight minutes. FARM, GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD. Don't Boll V'our Milk. The animal albumen which milk con tains, and by which the nerves in the human body are made, is hardened and destroyed by boiling. In milk used by children whose systems are being built up and formed, this is of vital import ance, but it is to be seriously considered by adults whose nerves are repaired and strengthened by this albumen or nerve food. The above applies also to eggs and to all food. The French, who rare ly suffer from disorders of the stomach, never boil their food. Their cooks are taught to cook slowly and gently, so that their dishes are tender, nutricious and easy of digestion. I am quite aware of the tondencv of milk to hold and even promote the growth of germs, as well as of the typhoid fever some few years ago in Marylebone and Padding ton, and of the sournfi in wliinli it xpna attributed; nevertheless, except under extraordinary circumstances and for a short time only, do not boil your milk. English Agricultural Gazette. Halt and tlio Grub Worm In Mi rn wherry 1'atchcg. One of the worst enemies to straw berry fields which have been set for a year or two, is a white grub which preys upon the roots and often comos in such numbers as to destroy whole patches in a few days or weeks. Besides these is another insect, called, in some places. the "crown borer," which is also very destructive to the strawberry plant. While there is nothing known which will rid strawberry fields of these two soourges, which will not at the same time poison the swelling fruit or burn or kill the growing plants, it has been found that salt will work wonders when used in what might be called heroio doses. . A barrel of salt to the acre is little more than a homeopathio dose to insects, boring in the crowns or burning or eating the roots beneath, but where that dose is doubled and 560 pounds are sowed evenly broadcast, it soon tells. However, we would not advise any one to try that much Bait beyond a few square rods, because all soils aro not alike, and all plants have not the same power of resistance ; but try salt on a few rods, and see if it does not work wondors in destroying worms and insects of all kinds. i The Cow Pea. The cow" pea, says an exchange, i worthy of being introduced to every far mer. Its value as an article of food for man and beast, the large crops of fodder (bushy vine) it produces, its adaptation to the lightest and poorest soils and its usefulness as a green manurial crop place it iar above many other plants that are grown to its exclusion. It has no ene mies among the insects, and is in that particular free from damage. A heavy crop of it will so completely cover the ground that not even a ray of sunshine can enter, and it is often necessary to pass over the vines with a heavy roller m order to get them plowed under. From twenty to forty bushels of the peas are usual ' produced to an acre, and if they have . ;en well manured pre vious to seeding the crop of hay will be very large. One of the most important advantages the pea confers on land is the shading it gives, some experienced farmers contending that by this method it rather improves the soil than injures it. A small outlay will enable any one to try the cow pea, and those who have not grown it should do so. The cow Eea, though called a pea, is properly a ean. It will grow on soil that scarcely produces anything, but is, however, sen sible to the effects of good manuring, and rewards the farmer for such treat ment with bountiful yields. It is indi genous to the Middle States and the South, preferring a warm season and a dry soil. There are a great many varie ties W it lie most prolifio being the Crowder, but the "black-eyed" is pre ferred for the table. As a "renovator of the soil next to clover it has no equal. Growing with a heavy, dense foliage, plowed under just at the period of blossoming, it makes a splendid green manure, rotting quickly and repro ducing lasting effects. It can be grown for this purpose on land that will not produce clover, and that is a very im portant item. On inferior land that has had a crop of cow peas turned over, if a light sprinkling of lime is added, a venture may Bafely be made with clover the following year. It is planted about the same time with corn. It can be sown for hay, but care must be taken in harvesting it properly. If allowed to get too ripe the leaves will crumble oft after it is stowed away in the loft ; but if cut when in full blossom or just as the young pods begin to form, and then cured like ordinary hay, it will keep well all the winter. Cows eat it with relish, and for sheep nothing is equal tr it ; they eat it up clean, being ve, of it. The seeds are more n than our ordinary white bean; ferring it when cooker1 while calves are raised ease when it is desirable tt For the table they are coo! when dry, but also when g favorite dish on Virginia and Carolina tables. There is a prejudice against it with those not familiar with it on ac count of the dark color it takes when cooked, but if the nutritious qualities of the pea were fully known no difficulty would be experienced in making it a staple article of food. Household UlntR. Many persons iron towels, fold them and put them away before they are thor oughly dry. This is an error, and some times leads to results not expected. In their damp condition there is a mould which forms on them called oidium, one variety of which causes numerous skin diseases. To obtain a glossy skin pour upon a pint of bran sufficient boiling water to cover it. Let it stand until cold, and then bathe the face with it, only patting the skin with a soft towel to dry it. Lemons may be kept fresh along time by putting them into a jar of water and changing the water every morning. The reason why cabbage emits such a disagreeable smell when boiling is be cause the process dissolves the essential oil. The water should be changed when the cabbage is half boiled, and it will thus acquire a greater sweetness. To destroy cockroaches scatter pow dered borax about the places they in fest, and it will 60on exterminate them. To make frosting smooth on the ' and sides of a cake dip fom kn; hot water. If a little vinegar or cider with stove polish it will not ta rubbing to make the stove bri, the blackiiig is ngt likely to fih fine dust. The little Japanese paras can be bought for four or make very pretty hair rec" them about half their extei sary to make them say half them with a few stitches. 1 . of ribbon around the handle a. I them up. When dressing a fowl do not let it in the water in which it is rinsed. Was. it perfectly clean ; rinse as much as you please, but do not let it soak in the water ; put it on a platter to drain ; if it is not to be cooked at once, sprinkle a little salt over it. Towels with handsome, bright bor ders should not be boiled or allowed to lie in very hot water ; they should not be used till they are so much soiled that they need vigorous rubbing to make them clean. It is better economy to use more towels than to wear out a few in a short time. A gentle' rubbing in two suds and then conscientious rinsing in warm water, and then in cold, ought to be all that is required to clean them. Curious Facts About Fishes. Much interest is now being taken by scientists in regard to the habits, in stincts and emotions of fishes. Nat uralists have generally accepted Cuvier's view, that the existence of fishes is a silent, emotionless and joyless one; but recent observations tend to show that many fishes emit vocal sounds, and that they are susceptible of special emotions, particularly such as regard for their young, attftphpiOTrt. between the sexes, and Among monogamous fish - " n decided evidence their yo.mg, in v frequently act Among nest-bui often prepares t who do not bui ried about in the oj male. Cases have .ei m male fishes havo refaained in spot in the river from which the had been taken. A case is noted wi after a pair had Hen separated, bi appeared miserable and seemed nifc, unto death, but on being united agaii both became happy. In fish battles i is sometimes noticed that the cor queror a-fTjmes brilliant hues, wv the defeated one sneaks off with ' colors, the s; change evident' brought abo ' by emotic ings. There are certair of fish that are capable of t organization 'for act;" -y common defense or to r enemy. The r.markabl las of late attended the has shown that as a matt an acre of good water is a farmer than the sa" arable land. Tb beari) gs, is on' more ,t,ti"'' ceive f