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The Goldsboro star. [volume] (Goldsboro, N.C.) 1881-18??, August 06, 1881, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91068338/1881-08-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. I.
GOLDSBOEO, K C, SATUEDAY, AUGUST 6, 1881.
I ' I J I I ' .
4
1
v.
Kulered at the Pwtofflw at Oohhhuro, N. V.,
;s fit'iimd-rlaim Mitttei:
All coininimicationH on Ijuhwioss should bo
adlroMH)d to Gnu. T. Waswom, Editor aud Pro
prkitor, Goldaboro, Is', C.
REPAIRING THE CRIPPLES.
Jiii-or Contiivancm for Ktrcnethimlng the
Human Frnnu'Applliinccn Tlmt Are In
CoiiHtnnt Demand by Old nnd Yoniis Dcul
liiffwlth thcDi'iif.
" Now that your little boy is fixed all
right, don't you want something in my
line for yourself?"
"No, I do not. I am perfectly
sound."
" You may think so, hut if you should
let me hunt you over I've no doubt I
should find that you need some sort of
apparatus. Eight out of every ten men
who walk the streets of New York wear
some mechanical appliance or other
and women too, for that matter, though
they look so fine," said the proprietor of
a manufactory of surgical instruments
and appliances for the relief and rem
edy of numerous physical ailments and
defects. The walls, showcases, tables
and windows of the ealesroom were
covered and filled by queerly-shaped
and mysterious contrivances of steel,
nickel," celluloid, wood, gold, brass,
leather, tin, china, silk, rubber, and
seemingly of every other material that
could be molded, carved, sewed, ham
mered, cut, filed and bent to fit some
part of the human anatomy or do some
thing forcible to some refractory or de
fective member. Among them were
electrio belts, chains, medals, girdles,
bracelets, necklaces and hair brushes.
There were all sorts of articles needed
in sick rooms. There were many
strange contrivances for the, relief of
paralyzed persona: One, called the dy
namometer, or paralytico register, is a
steel instrument which is placed in the
patient's hand in order to test the power
... of moving his ringers. There were
."VJtnr'instrumfmta and fmimrninsps lav
ufrrftnd hip diseases, and forextend
g the limbs of cripples. There was
y"a very queer arrangement in which the
sufferer lies on his back.
" In the showcases there was -stock
valued at $5,000, consisting mainly of
- surgical instruments. In showing these
and explaining their uses the pro
prietor s-id: " We do a large business
m the sale of syringes for hypodermio
injections of morphine." '
" To physicians mostly?"
" Oh, no, by no means; the sale is
comparatively small to them. The gen
eral use of opium is a growing evil, and
more women than men are addicted to
it. Those who have become accus
tomed to it cannot live without it. The
relief it gives from pain is instantaneous,
but it lasts only two or three hours. We
sell the hypodermio syringe to persons
- in every sort of life, from th fine lady
who comes in her carnage to tiio poor
laundress with a basket of linen on her
arm. How so wide a knowledge of the
subcutaneous application of morphine
has spread about I am at a loss to con
jecture; but even young school misses
make use of it. One girl will tell her
companions and they will come by twos
and threes to purchase instruments. To
such, however, I refuse to sell, although
it is alwa" their sick aunt or grand
mother sent them, they say. A
gentlo ""ay rushed in here, pale,
hagf id trembling, and
vro suffering with
"'ad broken the
; syringe, and
could hardly
.djusted. He
a adjoining
dnts returned
yosed. He had
is dose, and was
consequently tran
.uu ladies come to have
ments repaired who were in such
of nervous excitement that they
ot leave tit Jr carriage, and the
ent had to be arranged in the
it haste and taken ,to them. An
.ess of national reputation has for
"s been addicted to morphine, ad
istered by herself in this form, and
n . could not act, nor now even live,
fvhoutit."
pi infer, from the immense number
f trusses I see, that rapture is not un
immoa." .
I; ' " It is very common," the proprietor
,jfal olied, "especially among a class of
'tie, n who seem to be physically perfect
.lie athletes, , who strain and injure
' ieriiselves by. violent exercise. The
rt great majority of circus performers are
. raptured. Children, too, are liable to
accidents, in running or by falling. It
is easily outgrown by phildren, but not
so easily cured after maturity; We
have an endless variety of trusses. Each
1 physician has his own pet theory of a
truss to suit the ca3e of some particular
patient, and we are always making some
thing new after physicians' directions.
Then there are many men who only in
vent now apparatus of this nature, and
their improvements and patents are
countless. As in the case of the sewing
machine, somebody is always getting
out a new attachment. The lean run to
ruptures, the fat to relaxation of the
muscles. Children may outgrow their
strength, and need support for weak
ankles and knees and back, and so do
elderly persons, from the weakness of
old age."
" Who are the purchasers of the Bteel
back shoulder braces that figure in such
profusion in your stock?"
" The sale is immense throughout
the whole country to young girls who
stoop over their desks until they become
round-shouldered, a difficulty, strangely
enough, boys are seldom troubled with.
Among small things that men and
women, too are always trying to im
prove upon and invent new, are garters.
Of the numerous styles now in vogue
there is nothing that gives entire satis
faction. The same may be said of cor
sets, although fortunes have been made
by various persons who havo patented
every conceivable style of corset. Each
new thing of the kind has its run, if well
advertised, and during the craze for it
much money is made."
"And what and for whom are all
those elastic bands, stockings, teel and
toe pieces, armlets, waistbands, etc.?"
" They are for two kinds of people
those who need them for some physical
defect and for those who wear them to
enhance their personal appearance."
"Are not the two contradictory ?"
"Not at all. For the improvement
of the figure we have apparatus to gir
in the waist and to hold back the
shoulders and throw out the chest. Their
use is almost equally divided between
the sexes. There are few stout persons
in this city who do not wear some sort
of mechanical support or other.
"A gentleman recently brought his son
in for a truss. He seemed to think it
an astounding thing that any one
should require such articles, and glanc
ing curiously around at the. stock x-
Eressed his wonder that J could make a
ing.-at-irac&- a ' business. There was
something about his appearance which
led me to suspect that he himself stood
in need of some of my wares, and I
questioned him as to whether he did
not feel more comfortable when he sat
with his feet up. He confessed that he
did, and, turning up the bottoms of his
trousers, he asked me what was the
matter with him. I said varicose
veins,' and though I had been in the
business twenty years I had never seen
a man who needed elastic stockings
more than he did. He bought a pair,
and, after walking about the store a
little, he declared that he had not felt
so comfortable for years; that he had
never known what ailed him, but now,
that he did, he would wear the stock
ings the rest of his life. He took his
leave, saying that he now fully under
stood how I could make a living at such
a business. Persons are very reserved
about their wearing an appliance for
an infirmity. We are generally request
ed to deliver our parcels without our
address on them, so that their contents
may nut be suspected even by their
dearest friends and relatives, and thone
who wear anything for the improve
ment of their figures are even more to
cretive and mysterious.
" There are oeasons in this as in every
other business. We sell twice as many
clutches in winter as xin p -"ftr, for
winter is the season for sen and
accidents by slippi" .steps, in
the streets and fal. iug on if .a ice when
skating ""Pislocations and broken arms
and legs increase tlio demand for splints
and crutches. In Rr.mmer the heat in
jures elastic stockings, shoulder braces,
bust supj orters, th leather of trusses
and the like, and they have to be re
paired or replaced. Then, also, ladies
who wear improvement appliances wear
them while bathing, so that no differ
ence Khali be detected in their forms
whether in a walking or bathing suit,
and water is very damaging to all such
appliances ; thus the demand for these
is greater in summer than in winter.
Who buy crutches ? We sell them to
those who have not lost lab. 1 v
lamed by rheumatism,
or broken legs. Thos
leg are generally s"
supplied by the govt
flcial limbs, and there . p.
for the Bale of them, but tLu ale is be
coming less and less year by year, as
the maimed viotims of the late war are
gradually dying off. Crutches very
often need to be repaired if in constant
use. They are made of maple, lance,
and rosewood, and cost from $2 to $20
a pair." New York Sun.
Some people can invent awful mean
slurs. When the Jenkins girl was
whaling away at the piano, and pes
tered the next-door neighbor, the next
door neighbor came out on the steps,
listened to the noise a minute, looked
up to the Jenkins' girl s mother, who
was at the window, and said: "Got
plumbers at work in your house,
Won't you?" No wonder those fami
lies don't speak now. .
A CHAPTER ON VEGETABLES.
How to IC'nok and Prepare Them for the
Tabic.
Beets are familiar enough boiled and
sliced, either served hot with butter,
pepper and salt, or pickled, but a novel ¬
ty is a beet pudding, made by mixing a
pint of cooked sugar-beets, chopped,
with four eggs, a quart of milk, a little
salt and pepper, a tablespoonful of but
ter and baking them about half an hour :
cold boiled beets sliced and fried with
butter are palatable ; to cook them do
that none of their color shall be lost,
carefully wash them without breaking
the skin or cutting of the roots or stalks,
and boil them until tender, about an
hour, in boiling salted water.
Turnips, either white or yollow,stewed
in gravy, are excellent. Choose a
quart of small even size ; peel them,
boil them ; boil them fifteen minutes in
well-salted boiling water ; drain them ;
put them into a frying pan with suffi
cient butter to prevent burning ; brown
them ; stir in a tablespoonful of flour ;
cover them with hot water ; add a pala
table seasoning of salt and pepper and
stew them gently until tender. Or peel
and cut them in small regular pieces ;
brown them over the fi1 - ith a little
butter and a slight sprin'Df sugar;
add salt and pepper an- filing water
enough to cover them, a gently stew
them until tender ; serve lem hot.
Parsnips are not su'V ientlv arroro-
ciated,perhaps because t their too sweet
taste ; but this can b overcome to a
palatable extent by judicious cookery ;
they are excellent when sliced, after
boiling and warmed in a sauce made by
mixing flour, butter and milk over the
fire and seasoning it with salt and pqp
per ; as soon as warm they are served
with a little chopped parsley ana a
squeeze of lemon juice. For paranips
fried brown, in an old-fashioned iron' pot
with slices of salt .pork .and a seas' 'Ang j
of salt and pepper, several good wrds
might be said.
Carrots boiled and . mashed and
warmed with butter, pepper and salt, de
serve to be known; or sliced and quickly
browned in butter ; tossed for five min
utes over the fire with chopped onion,
parsley, butter ; or tossed for five min
utes over the fire with chopped onion,
parsley, butter, seasonings and sufficient
gravy to moisten them ; or boiled,
quartered, heated with cream, seasoned,
and, at the moment of serving, thickened
with the yolk of eggs.
Onions are capital when sliced and
quickly fried in plenty of smoking hot
fat, or roasted whole until tender, and
served with butter, pepper and salt ; or
chosen while still small, carefully peeled
without breaking, browned in butter,
and then simmered tender with just
boiling water enough to cover them ; or
boiled tender in broth ad then heated
five minutes in nicely seasoned cream.
Oyster plant, scraped under cold
water, boiled tender in salted water con
taining a trace of vinegar, and then
heated with a little highly scisoned
melted butter is exoellent ; the . ider
loaves which it often bears make, nice
salad. Somewhat like oyster p are
Jerusalem artichokes, which are good
and cheap in this market. Like oyster
plant they must be peeled under water,
boiled tender, and then served with
melted butter, or quickly browned in
butter, either plain or with chopped
herbs, or served with an acid sauce of
any kind.
Celery we know best in its uncooked
state, but it is very good stewed in any
brown or white gravy or sauce, or rolled
in fritter batter, and fried brown.
Squash and pumpkin are very good
either boiled, sliced, and broiled or fried,
or made into fritters like oyster plant.
Potatoes, most important of all hardy
vegetables, must close the list. Lives
there a cook with soul so dead as not to
be willing to expend all the powers of
fire, water and salt to produce mealy
potatoes ? If so, the writing of her epi
taph would be a cheerful task. And if
cold ones are left they can rehabilitate
themselves ' in favor by appearing
lopped moistened with white sauce or
earn, and either ' fried in butter or
Jked quickly, with a covering of
bread crumbs. Steam fried, that is
sliced raw, put into a covered ran over
the fire, with butter and seasoning, and
kept covered until tender, with only
enough stirring to prevent burning, they
are capital. To fry them Lyonnaise
style they are cooled in their jackets to
keep them whole, sliced about a quar
ter of an inch thick, browned in butter
with a little onion, sprinkled with
chopped parsley, pepper and salt, and
served hot. Larded, they have bits of
fat ham or bacon inserted in them, and
are baked tender. Note well that the more
expeditiously a baked potato is cooked
and eaten the better it will be.
London covers 700 square miles, has
7,000 miles of streets, more than 4,000,
000 inhabitants, of which I$DD,000 are
foreigners, has a birth every five min
utes and a death every eight minutes.
FARM, GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD.
Don't Boll V'our Milk.
The animal albumen which milk con
tains, and by which the nerves in the
human body are made, is hardened and
destroyed by boiling. In milk used by
children whose systems are being built
up and formed, this is of vital import
ance, but it is to be seriously considered
by adults whose nerves are repaired and
strengthened by this albumen or nerve
food. The above applies also to eggs
and to all food. The French, who rare
ly suffer from disorders of the stomach,
never boil their food. Their cooks are
taught to cook slowly and gently, so
that their dishes are tender, nutricious
and easy of digestion. I am quite aware
of the tondencv of milk to hold and
even promote the growth of germs, as
well as of the typhoid fever some few
years ago in Marylebone and Padding
ton, and of the sournfi in wliinli it xpna
attributed; nevertheless, except under
extraordinary circumstances and for a
short time only, do not boil your milk.
English Agricultural Gazette.
Halt and tlio Grub Worm In Mi rn wherry
1'atchcg.
One of the worst enemies to straw
berry fields which have been set for a
year or two, is a white grub which preys
upon the roots and often comos in such
numbers as to destroy whole patches in
a few days or weeks. Besides these is
another insect, called, in some places.
the "crown borer," which is also very
destructive to the strawberry plant.
While there is nothing known which
will rid strawberry fields of these two
soourges, which will not at the same
time poison the swelling fruit or burn
or kill the growing plants, it has been
found that salt will work wonders when
used in what might be called heroio
doses. . A barrel of salt to the acre is
little more than a homeopathio dose to
insects, boring in the crowns or burning
or eating the roots beneath, but where
that dose is doubled and 560 pounds
are sowed evenly broadcast, it soon tells.
However, we would not advise any one
to try that much Bait beyond a few
square rods, because all soils aro not
alike, and all plants have not the same
power of resistance ; but try salt on a
few rods, and see if it does not work
wondors in destroying worms and insects
of all kinds. i
The Cow Pea.
The cow" pea, says an exchange, i
worthy of being introduced to every far
mer. Its value as an article of food for
man and beast, the large crops of fodder
(bushy vine) it produces, its adaptation
to the lightest and poorest soils and its
usefulness as a green manurial crop place
it iar above many other plants that are
grown to its exclusion. It has no ene
mies among the insects, and is in that
particular free from damage. A heavy
crop of it will so completely cover the
ground that not even a ray of sunshine
can enter, and it is often necessary to
pass over the vines with a heavy roller
m order to get them plowed under.
From twenty to forty bushels of the
peas are usual ' produced to an acre,
and if they have . ;en well manured pre
vious to seeding the crop of hay will be
very large. One of the most important
advantages the pea confers on land is
the shading it gives, some experienced
farmers contending that by this method
it rather improves the soil than injures
it. A small outlay will enable any one
to try the cow pea, and those who have
not grown it should do so. The cow
Eea, though called a pea, is properly a
ean. It will grow on soil that scarcely
produces anything, but is, however, sen
sible to the effects of good manuring,
and rewards the farmer for such treat
ment with bountiful yields. It is indi
genous to the Middle States and the
South, preferring a warm season and a
dry soil. There are a great many varie
ties W it lie most prolifio being the
Crowder, but the "black-eyed" is pre
ferred for the table. As a "renovator of
the soil next to clover it has no equal.
Growing with a heavy, dense foliage,
plowed under just at the period of
blossoming, it makes a splendid green
manure, rotting quickly and repro
ducing lasting effects. It can be grown
for this purpose on land that will not
produce clover, and that is a very im
portant item. On inferior land that has
had a crop of cow peas turned over, if
a light sprinkling of lime is added, a
venture may Bafely be made with clover
the following year. It is planted about
the same time with corn. It can be
sown for hay, but care must be taken in
harvesting it properly. If allowed to
get too ripe the leaves will crumble oft
after it is stowed away in the loft ; but
if cut when in full blossom or just as the
young pods begin to form, and then
cured like ordinary hay, it will keep
well all the winter. Cows eat it with
relish, and for sheep nothing is equal tr
it ; they eat it up clean, being ve,
of it. The seeds are more n
than our ordinary white bean;
ferring it when cooker1
while calves are raised
ease when it is desirable tt
For the table they are coo!
when dry, but also when g
favorite dish on Virginia and Carolina
tables. There is a prejudice against it
with those not familiar with it on ac
count of the dark color it takes when
cooked, but if the nutritious qualities of
the pea were fully known no difficulty
would be experienced in making it a
staple article of food.
Household UlntR.
Many persons iron towels, fold them
and put them away before they are thor
oughly dry. This is an error, and some
times leads to results not expected. In
their damp condition there is a mould
which forms on them called oidium, one
variety of which causes numerous skin
diseases.
To obtain a glossy skin pour upon a
pint of bran sufficient boiling water to
cover it. Let it stand until cold, and
then bathe the face with it, only patting
the skin with a soft towel to dry it.
Lemons may be kept fresh along
time by putting them into a jar of water
and changing the water every morning.
The reason why cabbage emits such a
disagreeable smell when boiling is be
cause the process dissolves the essential
oil. The water should be changed when
the cabbage is half boiled, and it will
thus acquire a greater sweetness.
To destroy cockroaches scatter pow
dered borax about the places they in
fest, and it will 60on exterminate them.
To make frosting smooth on the '
and sides of a cake dip fom kn;
hot water.
If a little vinegar or cider
with stove polish it will not ta
rubbing to make the stove bri,
the blackiiig is ngt likely to fih
fine dust.
The little Japanese paras
can be bought for four or
make very pretty hair rec"
them about half their extei
sary to make them say half
them with a few stitches. 1 .
of ribbon around the handle a. I
them up.
When dressing a fowl do not let it
in the water in which it is rinsed. Was.
it perfectly clean ; rinse as much as you
please, but do not let it soak in the
water ; put it on a platter to drain ; if
it is not to be cooked at once, sprinkle
a little salt over it.
Towels with handsome, bright bor
ders should not be boiled or allowed to
lie in very hot water ; they should not
be used till they are so much soiled that
they need vigorous rubbing to make
them clean. It is better economy to
use more towels than to wear out a few
in a short time. A gentle' rubbing in
two suds and then conscientious rinsing
in warm water, and then in cold, ought
to be all that is required to clean them.
Curious Facts About Fishes.
Much interest is now being taken
by scientists in regard to the habits, in
stincts and emotions of fishes. Nat
uralists have generally accepted Cuvier's
view, that the existence of fishes is a
silent, emotionless and joyless one; but
recent observations tend to show that
many fishes emit vocal sounds, and
that they are susceptible of special
emotions, particularly such as regard
for their young, attftphpiOTrt. between
the sexes, and Among
monogamous fish - " n
decided evidence
their yo.mg, in v
frequently act
Among nest-bui
often prepares t
who do not bui
ried about in the oj
male. Cases have .ei m
male fishes havo refaained in
spot in the river from which the
had been taken. A case is noted wi
after a pair had Hen separated, bi
appeared miserable and seemed nifc,
unto death, but on being united agaii
both became happy. In fish battles i
is sometimes noticed that the cor
queror a-fTjmes brilliant hues, wv
the defeated one sneaks off with '
colors, the s; change evident'
brought abo ' by emotic
ings. There are certair
of fish that are capable of t
organization 'for act;" -y
common defense or to r
enemy. The r.markabl
las of late attended the
has shown that as a matt
an acre of good water is
a farmer than the sa"
arable land. Tb
beari) gs, is on'
more ,t,ti"''
ceive
f

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