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The Goldsboro Star.
GEO. T. WASSOM, Ed. and Prop. GOLDSIIORO, IV. c. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, "1881. OFFICE OVER VUCIITUR & KERN'S. CONGRESS. The House of Representatives which will assemble on Monday, the 5th day of December, will stand as follows : Republicans, 140. Democrats, 135. Greenbackers, 1. Readjustcrs, 2. Unaffiliated, 1. It is safe to say that the Repub licans will elect their Speaker and have a small working majority, and it is believed that the Greenback ers and Re-adjusters will, to a man, vote with the Republicans in organizing the House. MEMORIAL WINDOW. When in Raleigh a few days ago we chanced to pa?s by Christ's church with a friend and was shown a beautiful memorial window, me mento mori, placed there as we are informed, by Hon. Gen. W. R. Cox, member of Congress from the 4th District. Gen. Cox will long be remem bered by the' communicants of Christ's church, ' and for aught we know, generations yet unborn, thatJ may visit it long after the building becomes antfljle, mai enquire by whom, and in whose memory wa3 It is a long chapter in the gene ral history, that will he read each Sabbath, in but few words. DANIEL WEBSTER, The great American statesman and jurist was 14 years old before he first enjoyed the privilege" of a few few months .schooling at an Academy. The man whoso eloquence was af terward to stir the nations was then so shy that lie could not muster courage to speak before the school. His reply to Ilaync of South Caro lina, contained those memorable words familiar to every school boy, " Liberty and Union, now and for ever, one and inseparable.'' Web ster was never called to the Presi dential chair, but like Clay, al though he might have honored that position, he needed it not to enhance his renown. His death called out, it is said, a greater number of orations than any .other since that of Gcorgo Wash ington. 7 HE RAIL ROAD. iTho North Carolina Midland Railway is progressing. Wo are informed that five hundred, or more, hands are at work on. thi lino -between Goldsboro and Smithfield. President Best and his able body of officials mean busineis and ur Johnston county friends will soon see the " Iron Horse " in r 'their midst. , .. ' - This road is now poyhig out over $30,000 per month to hands on; tho nei(r road, and the- bulk of this amount is spent amonghc business men of our town. : ; ' It would seem that our merchants should patronize this road inasmuch as it is now on a solid basis and is a great benefit to them in many way?. We notice a great deal of cotton is being shipped over the road .from this point, and wc aro glad to see it prosper. Goldsboro will soon take the lead in business of any city in j the State. We want so:no more I were invented 'by Thomas A, Edi mcn of enterprise, like Mr.' XSest, j son, oH-Iichigtir.'. , ; : among us, and we will soon havcj ' steam vessels. Factories of various kinds giving , llobcrt Fu!tor! an American, was employment to the many men -ana;the (;r8t t0 my Eleara t0 proclicai boys who have heretofore been j ()n Fri( av gepfi 4ln 1807, strolling arounu in ui.enew iil,"iat 9 o'clock, A. M., ho launched on want. Taylor Evans and others, of; thfi Iui,aon hi, ittI( boat lic his 'Exodus" agents, might try i ti clcmont).- , (by ,one naraed their persuasive powers toget some lt FaUon'8 Voy -j, .iml on gatul of our laborers, who went to Indiana jd;V at 0 A M ) t rcacj,C(J Abnny, and Ohio, to come back and go to; " work at home. ' Some men, however, have all! AiMiougU it is to fctepiieuaon, an their reason buried in their stom-: Englishman, that we are indebted och and have no other ambition save j for the adoption of steam to Loco-selfandself-affcrandizemcnt. "Lord Motives on railroads; still America c-jj deliver us from such. VIRGIN I At The election ia Virginia on the 15th inst. was a Waterloo the Dem-j ccratio party of the nation and has forever disabled the solid Fouth in nation.il elections. ArirriiiiiL will hereafter bo count-: cd in State and National elections in favor of a 11 freo ballot, a full vote, and nn honest count." The Richmond Whh of the 22d inst., gives the following list of the; Senators anp members of tho House: elected on Tuesday. The doubtful counties and d:stric;s are conceded , to tho bunders and the full returns 1 may make some changes in favor of;nn,j opened up the products of the Readjustee. With the benatOrs now holding over (12 Readjustee and 5 Funders) the list shows 23 ; Readjustcrs in the Senate and 17 j Funders, and in tho Ilouso ;js adjusters to 42 Funders. sfrMMAKY. FinuJtr. Lone teiml Senators 5 Senators just elected.. 12 42' Delegat Total... mI8 includes one Strail-out Ra- iron 01,0 bjAriiona; Tho strokc8 publican. of the hammer were telegraphed all Seventy-one members constitute a -r the Union. ' fi ,i i , The gold-, spike was driven by majority of both houses. : p , 1 J in the Senate there are three col- President (.rant, the living model member,-. ; in the House 11 ; total ' statesman. .. number of colored members, 14. I ' M We long to see a change in North i , . - Carolina, and if the Anti-Probibi-1 ' THE GUITEAU TRIAL.' i ' ' tionists and Republicans are true to, Washington, Xov.22d, the second themselves and the dearest interests! week of Guit&u's trial. of North Carolina, tho Old North ! , Guiteau arrived ut 9 o;elock, in the State will follow her sister, Virginia, I van, Immed'ateIy UPP" the Pilng . . ' 'ioftho court Mr. Ilobtnson arose and in the liberal movement next .year, i a(13res3ed tIl8 cou n L the purpose of and . woe be unto Inferior Court?, j caiiing attention to7 an article in the and Town and County governments) l'wt in 'which Mr. Scovftlo said that he for there will be wringing of jshould regret 10 withdraw from the hands and gnashing of teetli' !case- Mf' Xlobi,nson Be" D : vere terms the discourtesy he had re- i "iceived from Mr:.Scovillo. . ' N INVENTIONS: ' ' ' Among the moro important Amer- ican inventions of the present cen-i tury are tho Electro-Magnetic Tel-j egraph; the Sewing Machine ; the t, i t,- , Cylinder Tress; the Pnonograph ; i. art i .-1 m-i.i- i the Microphone, and the Telephone. ;S The Magnetic Telograph was in. vented by Samuel F. B. Morse, of Massackusetts,' in .. the',; year 1832.J Congress -..appropriated 30,000 to make a trial of his invention.' ,Tho, first, or experimental linf, between Washington and Baltimore was completed iu 1514. The first mes- lagecvcr forwarded hy rccorcjjng-f owiog tvvenly dollar8 r,ie ,x., Telegraph. , M hat -f hath God' pect'ed to be put upon tlie stand exam wrought V was sent? ;; May . 27th l ined and ci-oss-examinod. i 1814. ' Tho , first : public mcssoire M '.' ' - : . was i ho announcement of "the nomi nation of ,Jaf.K. Tolk for President, "! .ailB ATLANTIC 'v CABLE; r J was' laid I in 18G6 by ' ;Cyr.aSkW. Field, of. Now York. By this'won- derful invention the affairs of 1 one ! day in Europe aro known . in the! United States the next. ' ' ! ' The Scwing'Machine was' invent-ierS ed by liasWj Howe, of Massachn setts, in 1845. .The Telephone and Phonograph takes the lead i:: railnad construe- 'tion. .During the la.st half century, i more than 75,000 miles of railroad I have ken built ; -and the climax ,vas reached in this regard in 1SG9, when the famous Pacific railroad was completed. This road is 1,800 'miles long, and it complete.? the nn ion between' the Atlantic and the (Pacific. In one week the tiuveler can pass from Boston to San Francisco.. This great highway has linked tlic"Vc"st to the East by iron bands, nas carried thousands of persons in- to the hitherto wild country along jta route, developed fresh resources 0f jTidustry and mines of wealth, un;tC(i States to the civilized world. American ingenuity has solved the problem which failed tho olden navi gators, and has made for. itself a Ke-'routc to India. The last tie con ' ! r.ccting tho two lines was laid with j much ceremony at Ogden, May, 10, Raul j 1870. It wa3 of polished lance 2j wood bound with silver bandj. Three -s I spikes were used a gold one, pro - J sented by California ; a silver one, P1 j by Nevada ; -and a gold, silver and He was here inteinfotedhy Gluten wlio broke in with, "Your Honor, I want Hoblnson to stop in the case." Mr. Robinson requested the court to EM h5m a discharge from the case H 5aid -bc cm not pect. remain in association with Mr. g 1,, , . - f ' " -- . ' '. . . .. i, Guiteau broke out again ana said, V that's an able speech and I agree with most of it," '::hi. ".The prosecution have rested their case and it remains to-be seen what the defence will do. ' l v; : At the opening of tho , case on. '.the part of ..the defence Guiteau was al lowed to open his defence by ; a short speech which be made sitting ; he said he wished to correct some cirors. He ' Mr. Scoville then laid his line ofde- fer.ee before tlie jury and said the flues Hons at issue were Bimpiy . whetlier Guiteau killed, the- President and w'tiather the prisoner was responsible foi the act. Court adjourriedi ' . ! y Xbv.,23. Court opened as usual and 'Mr. 4G,o. W. OUl.vwas put,, upon the ibind und made- Gi.iteau a t$A from youth ; said he did not'Iuive sense enough to . w'ee'u turnips; soap his fatli- ale te9 or "PPrently. do any thing right that lie was tqld to do, It seems that the line of 'defence is in nnfty and downright oieanness In- '(ImsIvr. jRtltt L! WSt UW M' Ul Iflll W THE PROOF OF THE PUDDINIi IS CIIKW-INO IT. CONTIXUKJ). We have been making u survey of the promlucnt Federal cilices in the State and the way tlio subordinate po sitions are divided, Thus far we find Hon. W. Cana da)', who is Collector of Customs at tho port of Wilmington, X. C, at the head of tin? list. Out of eighteen em ployees in the Custom House, fourteen are colored, and -divided between, -the races, as follows : 1 clerk, white. 1 clerk, colored. 1 deputy, white. 2 inspector, white, inspectors, colored. v 1 messenger, colored. 1 ja'uitnr, colored. fi boatmen, colored. Out of $13,710 paid out to employee the colored receive &9,71". Tho In spectors receive nn average of fi,2t0 lier annum. Again, it will bo sei-n that there are more colored men employed in Col Can ad ay 's office than nil the other Federal officers in (ho St;ite. Hut while this is a fact tins lending men of the Stale who are in and out of olliee arc outspoken in favor of the policy as adopted by Col. Canaday in dividing the pa'.ronage between the two races. And with such men at the head of affairs as Hon. 0. H. Doekciy. Horn O.'llubb , M. C. Hon. W. 1. Canaday. Hon. Geo. W. Stanton. Hon. Geo. B. Everett. Hon. ,W. Mott. Hon. E. A. White, lion. T. A. Henry. ; Hon.E.'ITubbs. 1 , ' -Hod. Robt. Hancock, lion. I. J. Young. Hon. J. C. L. Harris." Hon. Thos. B. Keogh. Hon. Thos. X. Cooper. Hon. W. S. O'B. Robinson. Hon. VT. T. Faircloth. Hon. Judge W. J. Clarke. Ilon.W. lv Clarke. ; Hon. W. W. Jenkins. Hon. It. X. Douglass. Hon. P.. B. Gretter. Hon. Judge It. P. Bu.tcn. Hon. J. W. Albcrfson. . lion. J. W. Bagley. ' Hon. W. A, Moore, ' Hon,' A, M, Moore, And there are h'tuidfedsof other leading white Ilepublicans in Xorth Carolina whose names we cannot now call to mind, who will marshal their forces to victory in 13S2, after. whichN it is to bo hoped that every one who walks into a nice place will remember his sable brother. A FEW COMMENTS. For tho Star. ' , .-,,tf,,... " . ' Mr; Editor :-The ,; fact that a dcegation has been selected to go to ashington id advise witlf the , ad? ministration, relative to the redemp tion of the Old North, State from tho grasp of Bourboaism to her true and legitimate position in tho Re publican fold, have suggested the propriety of reviewing tho status of the Kegro in North Carolina. . : v ., -.. ., v"- ritOOK OF T1IEPUDDIXG IS CHEWING IT. , ' Under tho above caption the Goldsboro Star has undertaken to commend the conduct of suck office holders in North Carolina who have manifested a disposition to recognize tho claim's of the colored .people to a share of tho Federal offices' in this State.". -Hi:-:y- ' ' -1 regard as one of the unmistaka ble evidences, of race progress, the fact that the leading colored men of the State evince an aspiration . for that recognition which their numer ical strength, intelligence, capacity, and the part they contribute toward thesuccess of Che party entitles them. Ninety-six thousand negro voters, marshaled under tho Republican banner, and moving with the steady tread of veterans, in solid ard on broken phalanx, have repeatedly manifested their fidelity and devo tion , to the Republican party. Where will you find a parallel in tho political history of a country, where tho citizens thus manifest their devotion to tlie principles of a party whose local lenders persistent Iv ignore their ci.iiina to recognition '(.f their manhood and citizenship. In my opinion the time has fully come when the negroes of North Carolina should demonstrate to the country, by their conduct, tho fact that thev lullv annreciate their no- i a A 8itio;i as an important factor in the great Republican party of the Na tion, ... A very labored article, signed "A Rad," appeared in tho Winston Union Republican of the 20th of October, in which tho writer (who is evidently a white-washed' Repub lican who is not in favor of tho ne gro's claims to official recognition) insinuates that Hon. V. P. Cana day is without a following and influ ence in his district. . The writer shows as great ignorance of the true condition of a flairs as he docs of tho uso of good language. The fact that tho Republicans of this district have selected Mr. Canaday for three successive tcrm3 as their standard bearer, and that he ran ahead of his ticket in the last election, althouch a Grecnbackcr was put in the field to divert the vote andinsuroa Dem ocratic victory, yet his gains all over the district were so great that tho democrats despaired of electing their candidate and resorted to the most unblushing frauds that were ever perpetrated upon the people of North Carolina, and I believe that Congress will either seat Mr. Cana day or order a new election, in which event Mr. Canadav would be re-elected by over 1,200 majority. 1M -t. e J . J.UU njuer uuuve reierreu to, IS possibly ignorant of the fact that a largo number of negroes are in this district, and of their devotion to Mr. Canaday.' to whom they all feel r (i f n 1 1 IV, m i'.a nflt .1 1 proof of tnc pudding is chew iwr it." and Hon. W. P. Canadav in his management of the ' Wilmington Custom House has distributed the patronage of ,, that institution be tween the two races as follows: . white deputy, a white book keeper. a colored book keeper,' five colored! inspectors, two whito inspectors, a colored messenger, a colored janitor, and six colored boatmen. Of the 18 employees in the Custom House 14 are colored. The whites receives $5,995,00 per annum and the color- ' ed receive 9,745,00 per annu'm. I would like to know if other white icpublicuni in the State who con troi subordinate appointments are doing their full duty towards the flnlnrpii nwin rf lha StofoV u... sibly they do not think it necessarr- . a t.n t.A -r ai. uuubu mo bitviuis mo negrc until the next campaign then fill bitn upwith empty promises if so, ct me assure, you that all the prom ises and declarations to the adminie-' Carolina to the Republican fold will J . M 1 ... . prove iutuo an,a amount to naught; or lijUUU negroes win not longer content themselves with the treat ment received . at the hands of cer tain leaders who will not recognize their claim to a division of the pat- ronoge. Among the true and tried friends- of the negro you did not mention the name of lion. O.H. Dockerr, who secured the appoifltment of the first negro to a government office in this State. ' Col. Dockery has ever been true to the interest of the poor men of his Stato and well deserves v. the confidence of all Republicans." v , 1 am vory truly yours, in the cause of Equal Rights, - duplin, ': , enansville, N. CNov. 1881. Ni w York has settled down to . the election of the entire Republi can State ticket by majorities rang ing from 7,000 to 10,000, with the exception, of, Husted, Garfield or half-breed, for State Treasurer, who is creteatea by Maxwell uemocrat, by The Legislature has a small Democratic majority inhoth branches, but Governor Cornell, Republican. , has the veto nower. and it is not possible for the Demo . crats to do us any damage with their 'ill-gotten yantage. .